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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the gene mutants of G6PD deficiency and their clinical featuers among children in Luzhou area.@*METHODS@#732 children with suspected G6PD deficiency in Luzhou area from March 2017 to July 2019 were selected, which were examined for G6PD enzyme activity and gene mutation. The G6PD enzyme activity was detected by ultraviolet rate quantification, and the gene mutation was detected by melting curve analysis-based PCR assay, and the clinical characteristics of different mutants when acute hemolysis happens were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#387 positive specimens were detected in 732 specimens, among which the gene mutation and the enzyme activity decrease was found in specimens 326, 49 specimens showed gene mutation but without the enzyme activity decrease, and 12 specimens without gene mutation but with the enzyme activity decrease. Among 375 positive samples with gene mutation, c.1376G>T, c.1388G>A, c.1024C>T and c.95A>G were the most common. The enzyme activity of c.1376G>T and c.1388G>A was statistically significantly different with c.1024C>T. The most common incentives of acute hemolysis was broad bean, the reticulocyte count was statistically significantly different among c.1376G>T, c.1388G>A and c.95A>G. The hemoglobin level of c.1376G>T was statistically significantly different from with c.95A>G. Moreover, c.1376G>T, c.1388G>A was lower than c.1024 C>T. When acute hemolysis occurs, the reticulocyte count and hemoglobin changes were different between different mutation types, while the patients age, hospitalization time, blood transfusion, total bilirubin, and urine color recovery time of the patients were not statistically different.@*CONCLUSION@#The common mutants of G6PD deficiency among children in Luzhou area are c.1376G>T, and c.1388G>A, c.1024C>T. Favism is the most common clinical manifestation of G6PD deficiency.


Subject(s)
Child , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency , Hemolysis , Humans , Mutation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873325

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate in vivo and in vitro metabolites of coptisine and their metabolic pathways. Method::SD rats were given coptisine by single gavage (dose of 25 mg·kg-1). Urine and feces from 0 h to 48 h, bile from 0 h to 24 h, and plasma and brain tissue samples at 0.25, 1, 2 h after administration were collected.In vitro metabolism was incubated with rat liver microsomes and intestinal flora.The metabolites were analyzed and identified by the high-resolution HPLC-MS/MS technique.The liquid chromatography separation was carried out on ZORBAX SB-C18 column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm) with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, and column temperature was 25 ℃.The mass spectra were obtained in positive and negative ion mode with electrospray ionization (ESI), the scanning range was m/z 50-1 200.The relative molecular weight was determined according to the quasi-molecular ion peaks.The structures of metabolites were elucidated by comparing the data with literature data, including main ion peaks, UV spectrum and HPLC retention time information. Result::A total of 17 metabolites were identified in each sample, including 11 phase Ⅰ metabolites and 6 phase Ⅱ metabolites.The pathways to these metabolites were hydroxylation, demethylation, dehydrogenation, sulfation and glucuronide conjugation. Conclusion::Coptisine can produce metabolic reaction of phase Ⅰ and phase Ⅱ in rat, and metabolites are predominantly present in urine, and the main metabolic site is liver.Coptisine is poorly absorbed and rarely metabolized in gastrointestinal tract, so it is mostly excreted through feces by prototype.This experiment can provide material basis for the pharmacodynamics and pharmacology of coptisine.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop a high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of 11 components including eleutheroside E, 2,3,5,4’-tetera-hydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (stilbene glycoside), isofraxidin, rosmarinic acid, notoginsenoside R1, salvianolic acid B, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Rd, and emodin in Naofuqing Capsule. Methods: The analysis was performed on an Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18 column (75 mm × 4.6 mm, 2.7 μm), and the mobile phase consisted of water containing 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile with gradient elution at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was maintained at 35 ℃. The MS detection for the 11 tested components was performed in negative ion multiple reaction monitoring mode. Results: Good linear relationship were observed in the test range for 11 components, and the recoveries of eleutheroside E, stilbene glycoside, isofraxidin, rosmarinic acid, notoginsenoside R1, salvianolic acid B, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Rd, and emodin were 106.4%, 104.2%, 99.9%, 102.3%, 104.1%, 98.3%, 108.9%, 103.6%, 105.8%, 101.9%, and 104.2%, respectively. The contents of 10 batches of the 11 components were in the ranges of 0.274-0.310, 1.579-1.642, 0.093-0.099, 0.331-0.352, 1.115-1.229, 1.663-1.870, 4.884-5.173, 0.691-0.762, 2.974-3.358, 1.053-1.493, and 0.100-0.115 mg/g, respectively. Conclusion: The established method is sensitive, stable, and rapid. It is suitable for the simultaneous determination of multiple components in Naofuqing Capsule.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230129

ABSTRACT

To predit the mechanism of metabolic drug-drug interactions of hydroxygenkwanin with other drugs, we investigated the inhibition inhibitory effect of hydroxygenkwanin on UGTs and UGT1A1 activities of different liver microsomes. In the present study, 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) and β-estradiol were elected as substrates to determine activities of UGTs and UGT1A1 by UV and HPLC, respectively. The results showed that, hydroxygenkwanin significantly inhibited UGTs activity in rat, mouse and human liver microsomes. UGT1A1 activity was inhibited by hydroxygenkwanin to varying degrees, with IC₅₀ about 190, 10.93, 20.07, 76.31 μmol•L⁻¹ in mouse liver microsome(MLM), rat liver microsome (RLM) and recombinant UGT1A1, and human liver microsome (HLM), respectively. The inhibition types were competitive inhibition (RLM, HLM) and linear mixed-typed linear inhibition (recombinant UGT1A1). The order for the inhibitory intensity was RLM>rUGT1A1>HLM>MLM. In conclusion, hydroxygenkwanin has an inhibitory effect on UGTs and UGT1A1 activities of different liver microsomes, with differences in species, indicating its potential drug interactions based on UGT1A1 enzyme. This study aims to provide a reliable experimental basis for its further research and development of hydroxygenkwanin, and provide theoretical reference for the clinic drug combination research.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304855

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the effects of six Coptidis alkaloids (berberine, epiberberine, coptisine, jatrorrhizine, palmatine and magnoflorine) on liver microsomes UGTs and UGT1A1 activities in rats and mice were investigated in vitro and in vivo to study the mechanism of metabolic drug-drug interactions of Coptidis Rhizoma with other drugs. In vitro rat and mice liver microsomal incubation systems combined with UDPGA were applied, as well as mice liver microsomes after administration of six Coptidis alkaloids. 4-Nitrophenol and β-estradiol were selected as substrates to determine activities of UGTs and UGT1A1 by UV and HPLC, respectively. According to the in vitro rat study, berberine, epiberberine, coptisine and jatrorrhizine significantly inhibited rat liver microsome UGTs activity, particularly epiberberine showed the strongest inhibition. UGT1A1 activity was lowly inhibited by jatrorrhizine, with IC₅₀ at about 227 μmol•L⁻¹, whereas coptisine and magnoflorine significantly activated UGT1A1. According to the in vitro mice study, berberine, coptisine, jatrorrhizine and palmatine significantly inhibited mice liver microsome UGTs activity, and the six alkaloids all significantly activated UGT1A1. According to the in vivo mice study, UGTs activity was significantly activated only in berberine group, while UGT1A1 activity was significantly activated only in jatrorrhizine group. In conclusion, the effects of Coptidis alkaloids on UGT activity showed significant differences in species and between in vitro and in vivo. Meanwhile, the changes in structures of Coptidis alkaloids also have a big impact on UGT activity, which may be one of the causes for the drug-drug interactions between Coptidis Rhizoma and other drugs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307161

ABSTRACT

To predict the mechanism of liver injury induced by Genkwa Flos, we investigated the effect of chloroform extract on UGTs and UGT1A1 activities of the liver microsomes in rat and human. In the present study, 4-nitrophenol(4-NP) and β-estradiol were elected as substrates to determine activities of UGTs and UGT1A1 by UV and HPLC. The results showed that there were 1.00% of apigenin, 6.40% of hydroxygenkwanin and 18.38% of genkwanin in chloroform extract; and total diterpene mass fraction was 31.40%. Compared with the control group, chloroform extract could significantly inhibit the activity of UGTs in rat liver microsomes(RLM) system, while the inhibitory effect was not obvious in human liver microsomes(HLM) system. UGT1A1 activity was inhibited by chloroform extract in rat liver microsomes and human liver microsomes (based on genkwanin, IC₅₀=8.76, 10.36 μmol•L⁻¹). The inhibition types were non-competitive inhibition(RLM) and uncompetitive inhibition(HLM). In conclusion, the results indicated that chloroform extract showed different inhibitory effects on UGTs and UGT1A1 activity, which may be one of the mechanisms of liver injury induced by Genkwa Flos.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302179

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to observe the expression of hoxc4 and hoxc6 genes in the process of differentiation of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) to colony forming unit-T Lymphocyte (CFU-TL) in vitro. and to explore the possible mechanism of HCMV-induced maldevelopment of human cord blood CFU-TL on genetic level through effecting the differentiation progress by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) with and/or all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), Normal CFU-TL culture was used as blank control. After detection with MTT, mRNA expression levels in the human cord blood CFU-TL hoxc4 and hoxc6 genes following HCMV infection and ATRA treatment were detected by fluorogenic quantitative reserve transcription polymerize chain reaction (FQ-RT-PCR) method. HCMV of 10(6) plaque formation unit (PFU)/ml was diluted to 0.1 ml 10(5) PFU/ml and added into the infected group. The results showed that the expression of hoxc4 and hoxc6 genes in the differentiation process increased slightly on day 3, and were up to the most on day 7 (p < 0.05), while became lower on day 12 respectively in normal group, HCMV group and ATRA group. Compared with the expression of hoxc6, the expression of hoxc4 was obviously higher in each group (p < 0.05). Compared with the expression of hoxc4 and hoxc6 genes in normal group, the expressions of hoxc4 and hoxc6 in ATRA group were up-regulated remarkably (p < 0.05), while the expressions of hoxc4 and hoxc6 in group HCMV were down-regulated (p < 0.05). It is concluded that the regular expression of hoxc4 and hoxc6 genes mRNA appeared in each group. A positive co-relationship exits between hoxc4/hoxc6 genes and lymphocytic progenitor hematopoiesis. Compared with the expression of hoxc6 gene, the expression of hoxc4 gene is obviously higher in each group. HCMV can down-regulate the expression of hoxc4 and hoxc6 genes and lead to suppression effect on cell morphology, which confirms that the normal hematopoietic lineage determination and maturation rely on the stable and consistent expression of homeobox gene. At the same condition, ATRA (6 x 10(-8) mol/L at 60 nmol/ml) can up-regulate hoxc4 and hoxc6 genes expression. ATRA can up-regulate the expression of hoxc4 and hoxc6 genes.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cytomegalovirus , Genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Genetics , Homeodomain Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Lymphoid Progenitor Cells , Cell Biology , Tretinoin , Pharmacology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247364

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether the -344T/C polymorphism of aldosterone synthase gene is associated with early renal damage in Han nationality with essential hypertension in Shandong province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Plasma aldosterone concentration and urinary albumin excretion were measured with radioimmunoassays in 225 patients with essential hypertension, and hypertensives were classified as hypertension with normal albuminuria or hypertension with microalbuminuria according to urinary albumin excretion during 24 hours. -344T/C polymorphism of aldosterone synthase gene was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in controls and hypertensives.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences were found in genotype distribution among groups of control, primary hypertension with normal albuminuria and hypertension with microalbuminuria. The C allele frequency in hypertension with microal buminuria group was significantly higher than that in control and hypertension with normal albuminuria group (P < 0.05). In hypertensive patients, plasma aldosterone concentration and urinary albumin excretion of TC+CC genotypes were significantly higher than that of TT genotype ( P< 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results suggest that -344T/C polymorphism of aldosterone synthase gene may be associated with early renal damage in Han nationality with essential hypertension, C allele may be a genetic factor susceptible to renal damage in hypertensives.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Albumins , Metabolism , Albuminuria , Blood , Genetics , Aldosterone , Blood , Asians , Genetics , China , Cytochrome P-450 CYP11B2 , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Hypertension , Blood , Kidney Diseases , Ethnology , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Radioimmunoassay
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640377

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression level of HOXB6 gene on the differentiation and proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells(HSC) to colony forming unit-granulocyte-monocyte(CFU-GM),erythroid progenitor(CFU-E) and colony forming unite-T-lymphocyt(CFU-TL).And the proliferation procress was affected by all-transretinoic acid(ATRA).Methods 1.By the colony culture in vitro,the impact of ATRA on the CFU-GM,CFU-E,CFU-TL colony formation were surveyed;the expressions of HOXB6 gene were observed on the differentiation procress of HSC to CFU-GM,CFU-E and CFU-TL affected by ATRA on the 3rd,7th,12th.2.Real-time fluorogenic quantitative reserve transcription-polymerize chain reaction(FQ-RT-PCR) method was used to explore the possible mechanism of ATRA up-regulated to human cord blood CFU-GM,CFU-E and CFU-TL in gentic level.Results 1.HOXB6 gene had a regulatory function in the differentiation procress of hematopoiesis.During the differentiation and proliferation of HSC to colony forming CFU-GM or CFU-E,CFU-TL in vitro,the expressions of HOXB6 gene were significant positive.2.Compared with the expressions of CFU-GM and CFU-TL HOXB6 mRNA on day 3,the quantity of HOXB6 mRNA was obviously higher on day 7 and lower on day 12,respectively in each group.Compared with the expression of CFU-E HOXB6 mRNA on day 3,the quantity of HOXB6 mRNA was obviously higher on day 12 in each group.3.Compared with the HOXB6 gene of control group,the expressions of HOXB6 gene of group ATRA were up-regulated remarkable.Conclusions 1.HOXB6 gene has a regulatory function in the differentiation procress of hematopoiesis.HOXB6 gene plays an important role in the progress which can be associated with the regulating effect of HOXB6 gene on the differentiation and proliferation of CFU-GM,CFU-E and CFU-TL.2.During the differentiation and proliferation of HSC,the expression of HOXB6 gene is regular in time.3.Low concentration of ATRA(60 ?mol?L-1) can up-regulate the expression of HOXB6 gene,which confirms the theory that the normal hematopoie-tic lineage determination and maturation rely on the stable and consistent expression of HOXB6 gene.

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