Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 20
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878715

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations,diagnosis,treatment,and laboratory examination characteristics of 8 pemphigus patients with high titers of anti-desmoglein antibodies in remission. Methods A retrospective study was conducted for the pemphigus patients diagnosed and treated in the department of dermatology from January 2013 to September 2020.The patients should have the serum anti-desmoglein antibodies ≥150 U/ml in remission or the antibody levels dropped less than 20%(calculated based on the maximum detection limit of 150 U/ml)of their initial ones detected before treatment,and the clinical and laboratory data of patients eligible for the inclusion criteria were collected. Results Among the 134 pemphigus patients with available follow-up data during this period,a total of 8 patients met the criteria,with the follow-up period of 21-85 months and the remission duration of 18-70 months.They all received less than or equal to 10 mg/d prednisone and had high titers of anti-desmoglein antibodies.At their first visit,the number of patients with positive anti-desmoglein 1/desmoglein 3 antibodies was 7.Two patients still had high titers of anti-desmoglein 1 antibodies 19 months and 21 months after they achieved remission,and 5 patients had high titers of anti-desmoglein 3 antibodies in 18-70 months.There was one patient showing high titers of both antibodies,especially for anti-desmoglein 1 antibodies.This patient relapsed after 19 months' remission while other patients were still in clinical remission. Conclusions Some pemphigus patients showed persistent high titers of anti-desmoglein antibodies in remission.Anti-desmoglein 3 antibodies were more common to keep positive,while high titer of anti-desmoglein 1 antibodies was less observed.The high titer of anti-desmoglein 1 antibodies had a correlation with recurrence.For the pemphigus patients with long-term clinical remission but high antibody titer,the dosages of corticosteroids should be adjusted carefully according to their actual clinical manifestations and the positive antibody type.For the patients with high titer of anti-desmoglein 1 antibodies,the dosage reduction of corticosteroids should be appropriately slower.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Drug Therapy, Combination , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Pemphigus/drug therapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2027-2036, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Diagnoses of Skin diseases are frequently delayed in China due to lack of dermatologists. A deep learning-based diagnosis supporting system can facilitate pre-screening patients to prioritize dermatologists' efforts. We aimed to evaluate the classification sensitivity and specificity of deep learning models to classify skin tumors and psoriasis for Chinese population with a modest number of dermoscopic images.@*METHODS@#We developed a convolutional neural network (CNN) based on two datasets from a consecutive series of patients who underwent the dermoscopy in the clinic of the Department of Dermatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, between 2016 and 2018, prospectively. In order to evaluate the feasibility of the algorithm, we used two datasets. Dataset I consisted of 7192 dermoscopic images for a multi-class model to differentiate three most common skin tumors and other diseases. Dataset II consisted of 3115 dermoscopic images for a two-class model to classify psoriasis from other inflammatory diseases. We compared the performance of CNN with 164 dermatologists in a reader study with 130 dermoscopic images. The experts' consensus was used as the reference standard except for the cases of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), which were all confirmed by histopathology.@*RESULTS@#The accuracies of multi-class and two-class models were 81.49% ± 0.88% and 77.02% ± 1.81%, respectively. In the reader study, for the multi-class tasks, the diagnosis sensitivity and specificity of 164 dermatologists were 0.770 and 0.962 for BCC, 0.807 and 0.897 for melanocytic nevus, 0.624 and 0.976 for seborrheic keratosis, 0.939 and 0.875 for the "others" group, respectively; the diagnosis sensitivity and specificity of multi-class CNN were 0.800 and 1.000 for BCC, 0.800 and 0.840 for melanocytic nevus, 0.850 and 0.940 for seborrheic keratosis, 0.750 and 0.940 for the "others" group, respectively. For the two-class tasks, the sensitivity and specificity of dermatologists and CNN for classifying psoriasis were 0.872 and 0.838, 1.000 and 0.605, respectively. Both the dermatologists and CNN achieved at least moderate consistency with the reference standard, and there was no significant difference in Kappa coefficients between them (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The performance of CNN developed with relatively modest number of dermoscopic images of skin tumors and psoriasis for Chinese population is comparable with 164 dermatologists. These two models could be used for screening in patients suspected with skin tumors and psoriasis respectively in primary care hospital.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2021-2026, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802844

ABSTRACT

Background@#Due to advances in high-frequency ultrasound technology, it is easier to detect fine structures of skin lesions. The aim of this study was to examine the ultrasonographic features and use recurrence risk stratification to assess the diagnostic performance of pre-operative ultrasound examination of basal cell carcinoma (BCC).@*Methods@#This was a retrospective study. Forty-six BCC lesions underwent pre-operative ultrasound examination using 50- and 20- MHz probes. Ultrasonographic shape, margin, internal echoes, hyper-echoic spots, posterior echoes, and depth of the lesion were evaluated and correlated with the risk of recurrence based on histological features.@*Results@#Forty-two patients had 46 skin lesions in total. The high-risk (n = 6) and low-risk (n = 40) groups exhibited considerable overlap in the ultrasonographic manifestations and no significant difference in margin (χ2 = 3.231, P = 0.072), internal echo (χ2 = 1.592, P = 0.207), or posterior echo (P = 0.169). However, high-risk BCCs tended to be irregular in shape than low-risk lesions (χ2 = 4.313, P = 0.038). Both types presented hyper-echoic spots (χ2 = 1.850, P = 0.174). Additionally, 78% of low-risk lesions were confined to the dermis (31/40), and 100% of high-risk lesions infiltrated into the sub-cutaneous tissue, resulting in a significant difference between the two groups (χ2 = 10.951, P = 0.001). Ultrasound detected sub-clinical lesions in five patients.@*Conclusions@#High-frequency ultrasound can provide important information for pre-operative evaluation of risk in BCC foci and reveal hidden lesions. The technique may play a crucial role in guiding therapeutic options for BCC.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2021-2026, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774650

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Due to advances in high-frequency ultrasound technology, it is easier to detect fine structures of skin lesions. The aim of this study was to examine the ultrasonographic features and use recurrence risk stratification to assess the diagnostic performance of pre-operative ultrasound examination of basal cell carcinoma (BCC).@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective study. Forty-six BCC lesions underwent pre-operative ultrasound examination using 50- and 20-MHz probes. Ultrasonographic shape, margin, internal echoes, hyper-echoic spots, posterior echoes, and depth of the lesion were evaluated and correlated with the risk of recurrence based on histological features.@*RESULTS@#Forty-two patients had 46 skin lesions in total. The high-risk (n = 6) and low-risk (n = 40) groups exhibited considerable overlap in the ultrasonographic manifestations and no significant difference in margin (χ = 3.231, P = 0.072), internal echo (χ = 1.592, P = 0.207), or posterior echo (P = 0.169). However, high-risk BCCs tended to be irregular in shape than low-risk lesions (χ = 4.313, P = 0.038). Both types presented hyper-echoic spots (χ = 1.850, P = 0.174). Additionally, 78% of low-risk lesions were confined to the dermis (31/40), and 100% of high-risk lesions infiltrated into the sub-cutaneous tissue, resulting in a significant difference between the two groups (χ = 10.951, P = 0.001). Ultrasound detected sub-clinical lesions in five patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-frequency ultrasound can provide important information for pre-operative evaluation of risk in BCC foci and reveal hidden lesions. The technique may play a crucial role in guiding therapeutic options for BCC.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772787

ABSTRACT

Objective Psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease. Despite advances in the study of its pathogenesis, the exact development mechanism of psoriasis remains to be fully elucidated. Hyperproliferative epidermis plays a crucial role in psoriasis. This study aimed to investigate the effects of interleukin-36 (IL-36) on keratinocyte dysfunction . Methods Human keratinocyte cell lines, HaCaT cells, were treated with 0 (control), 50 or 100 ng/ml IL-36 respectively for 24 h. Cell viability was determined with a cell counting kit-8 assay. Flow cytometry was used to assess the effects of IL-36 on apoptosis and cell cycle distribution. Expressions of the differentiation markers, such as keratin 10 and involucrin, were evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Expressions of the inflammatory cytokines, IL-1 and IL-6 were tested by ELISA. Results CCK8 assay showed the survival rate had no significant difference between the control and treated group ( > 0.05). Flow cytometry analysis showed cell cycle arrest at S phase in the IL-36-treated groups compared with the control group ( < 0.05). RT-qPCR verified the decreased mRNA expressions of keratin 10 and involucrin in the IL-36-treated groups compared with the negative control ( < 0.01). ELISA showed 100 ng/ml IL-36 enhanced levels of IL-1 and IL-6 in culture supernatants of HaCaT cells compared with the negative control ( < 0.05). Conclusion Taken together, these findings suggest that IL-36 could induce cell cycle arrest at S phase, inhibit keratin 10 and involucrin expressions and promote inflammatory activity in HaCaT cell lines.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690342

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is a common,multifactorial,chronic inflammatory skin disease with an incompletely understood pathogenesis. A substantial number of inflammatory cytokines have been found to be elevated in psoriatic lesions,and the serum levels of a subset of these cytokines also correlate with the severity of psoriasis. Interleukin-6 is a multifunctional pro-inflammatory cytokine. Interleukin-6 is proved to be associated with many chronic inflammatory diseases and autoimmunity diseases such as psoriasis. This article reviews the relationship between interleukin-6 and psoriasis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690296

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis usually combines with metabolic diseases,and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease remarkably increases in psoriatic patients. Adipokines,which play an important role in the cardiovascular diseases,also express abnormally in psoriasis and may induce or exacerbate the skin lesion. The adipokines associated with psoriasis and cardiovascular disease include adiponectin,leptin,resistin,omentin,visfatin,chemerin,and retinoid binding protein 4 (RBP-4). The levels of adiponectin and omentin apparently decrease in psoriatic patients compared to healthy controls,and thus they may play protective roles for psoriasis. Similarly,adiponectin plays a protective role in cardiovascular disease,but the role of retina in cardiovascular disease is still controversial. However,the concentrations of leptin,resistin,visfatin,chemerin,and RBP-4 in patients with psoriasis or cardiovascular disease are significantly higher than those of the controls;therefore,they may serve as the pathogenic factors for both diseases. Low adiponectin,leptin,visfatin,and chemerin levels may induce or aggravate psoriasis by activating plasmacytoid dendritic cells or T cells,as demonstrated in in vitro experiments. However,in vitro experiments also have shown that visfatin may inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1980-1986, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338819

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Homocysteine is a sulfur-containing amino acid with potential clinical significance. Abnormal homocysteine levels have been found in patients with psoriasis. This review summarizes the possible correlations among homocysteine, cardiovascular risk, and DNA methylation in psoriasis.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>We retrieved the articles published in English from the PubMed database up to January 2017, using the keywords including "psoriasis," "homocysteine," "cardiovascular risk," "DNA methylation," "methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase," "MTHFR," and "MTHFR C677T."</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Articles about the roles of homocysteine in the cardiovascular risk and DNA methylation in psoriasis were obtained and reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Observational studies consistently reported that elevated homocysteine is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Several studies also consistently reported an association between psoriasis and increased cardiovascular risk. A substantial body of evidence also suggested that an elevated homocysteine level is related to the demethylation of DNA. Data from clinical trials also demonstrated that MTHFR C677T polymorphisms as well as DNA methylation aberrations are associated with psoriasis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This review highlighted the relationships among homocysteine, cardiovascular risk, and DNA methylation, suggesting that homocysteine may be a biological link between cardiovascular risk and DNA methylation in psoriasis.</p>

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2674-2679, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324764

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare neutrophilic dermatosis that is highly associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Certain PG patients with no systemic disorders have been diagnosed with idiopathic PG. This study sought to clarify the difference between PG with IBD and idiopathic PG based on clinical features, laboratory tests, and medications.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve patients with PG and IBD and 24 patients with idiopathic PG, who were hospitalized in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2000 to 2017, were retrospectively categorized into the IBD group and control group, respectively. Data of clinical features, laboratory tests, and medications were collected and compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both groups were similar with respect to their clinical features. However, the IBD group had an increased occurrence of arthralgia or arthritis (58.3% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.007), anemia (83.3% and 29.2%, P = 0.004), and an increased percentage of antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive patients (85.7% and 0.0%, P < 0.001), compared to the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PG patients with IBD had increased occurrence rates of arthralgia or arthritis, anemia, and ANCA-positive status compared to idiopathic PG patients.</p>

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 443-449, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357982

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Few clinical trials have evaluated the efficacy and safety of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF) compared with acitretin in psoriasis. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of TwHF compared with acitretin in the treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis vulgaris.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adults with Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) score ≥ 10 and psoriasis-affected body surface area ≥ 10% were randomized into a TwHF (20 mg, 3 times a day) or acitretin group (30 mg, once a day). The treatment course lasted for 8 weeks. Patients were assessed at baseline and at 2, 4, and 8 weeks. Laboratory tests were performed at baseline, week 4, and week 8. The data were analyzed using paired samples t-test or analysis of variance (ANOVA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 115 patients was enrolled (58 TwHF; 57 acitretin). The median PASI score improved in the TwHF group by 50.4% and in the acitretin group by 42.7%. There was no significant difference in median PASI improvement between two groups at 2, 4, and 8 weeks. There was also no significant difference in PASI 25, PASI 50, PASI 75, and PASI 90 response between the two groups at 2, 4, and 8 weeks. There was a significant increase in the level of aspartate transaminase and triglycerides in the TwHF group (P = 0.026 and P = 0.011, respectively). In the acitretin group, there was a significant increase in the level of alanine transaminase, cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (P = 0.030, P < 0.01, and P < 0.01, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There was no significant difference in treatment efficacy between the TwHF and acitretin groups within 8 weeks, but there were fewer treatment-related adverse events in the TwHF group.</p>


Subject(s)
Acitretin , Therapeutic Uses , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plant Extracts , Therapeutic Uses , Psoriasis , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Tripterygium , Chemistry , Young Adult
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3910-3914, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236140

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The nevus of Ota, is a common benign pigmentary dermatosis, mainly involve innervation area of first and second branch of trigeminal nerve. The classification of nevus of Ota was proposed by Tanino, based on 26 cases of nevus of Ota from 1937 to 1940. Studies about its classification are rarely seen in last 70 years, while it is still practical today.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the clinical photographs, 1079 consecutive patients with nevus of Ota were verified and reclassified according to the innervation areas of the trigeminal nerve branches.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In these 1079 cases, 866 patients were in line with Tanino's classification (80.26%), and 213 patients were not (19.74%). We put forward a new clinical classification (Peking Union Medical College Hospital classification, PUMCH classification) of nevus of Ota based on the innervation area of the trigeminal nerve branches, composed of 5 types and 14 subtypes. The 5 types were as follows: Type I - pigmentation maculeses involving the innervation area of one of the three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 424 cases (39.3%), comprising 6 subtypes; Type II - pigmentation macules involving the innervation area of two branches of the three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 221 cases (20.48%), comprising 4 subtypes; Type III - pigmentation macules involving the innervation area of all three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 361 cases (33.45%), comprising 2 subtypes; Type IV - bilateral type, in which the pigmentation macules involves the bilateral cheek, of which there were 63 cases (5.84%), comprising 2 subtypes; and Type V - complications occurred in the patient, of which there were 10 cases (0.93%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new classification of nevus of Ota is based on the innervation area of the trigeminal nerve branches, and it covers all types of Tanino's classifications; on that basis, some new types and subtypes are brought in and cover almost every clinical condition.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Nevus of Ota , Classification , Diagnosis , Trigeminal Nerve , Pathology , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352940

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the correlation between blood eosinophil (EOS)level and steroid doses in patients of bullous pemphigoid (BP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 82 untreated BP inpatients (n=49) and outpatients (n=33) were enrolled in this study. The blood EOS level and the steroid doses before and after treatment were recorded. The correlation between EOS level and steroid doses was analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>EOS increased in 69 BP patients (84.15%); on the contrary, only 10% of normal controls had increased EOS (t=1.99,P<0.001). In 44 inpatients, the blood EOS remained high before steroid treatment, and quickly returned to normal level after the disease became stable. There was a linear correlation between EOS and steroid doses (Spearman analysis,r=0.496,P<0.001). In 5 patients who were treated by non-steroid approach, EOS level also declined after the disease was resolved.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EOS can be one of useful indicators for the application of steroids in the treatment of BP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Pemphigoid, Bullous , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Retrospective Studies , Steroids , Therapeutic Uses
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1845-1851, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283707

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Tumor necrosis factor-α is a key mediator in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to tumor necrosis factor-α. The purpose of this study was to validate the efficacy and safety of 5 mg/kg infliximab therapy in Chinese patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 129 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis were randomized to the induction therapy (weeks 0, 2 and 6) with infliximab 5 mg/kg (n = 84) or placebo (n = 45), followed with infliximab 5 mg/kg scheduled at week 14 and week 22 in the infliximab group, and infliximab 5 mg/kg scheduled at weeks 10, 12 and 16 in the placebo group. The primary end point was the proportion of patients who achieved at least 75% improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 75 response rate) from baseline at week 10.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At week 10, 81.0% of patients treated with infliximab (5 mg/kg) achieved a 75% or greater improvement compared with 2.2% of patients treated with placebo (P < 0.001). A significant improvement in PASI, Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), was seen from week 6 through week 14 in the infliximab group compared with the placebo group. Through week 22, PASI, PGA, DLQI were well maintained. The incidence of adverse events for the infliximab treatment group was slightly higher in comparison to the placebo treatment group during the first 10 weeks without statistical significance. However, there were 3 cases of tuberculosis that developed during the 26 weeks treatment with infliximal.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Infliximab treatment was effective as induction and maintenance treatments for Chinese patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Most drug-induced adverse events were mild to moderate, and well tolerated. Screening for tuberculosis is essential and prophylactic treatment should be given if necessary.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Therapeutic Uses , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Asians , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Infliximab , Male , Middle Aged , Psoriasis , Drug Therapy , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical and histopathological manifestations, therapy and prognosis of lupus erythematosus panniculitis (LEP).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and histopathological features of 22 cases of LEP diagnosed at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2008 to February 2010.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The lesions appeared as atrophy, erythema, subcutaneous nodules, infiltrated erythema, and ulceration over the scalp, face, upper limbs, and buttock. Histopathological features were lobular panniculitis in the subcutaneous fat; sometimes septal panniculitis could be seen. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate and corticosteroid were effective treatment; most patients responded well to the treatment, while a few experienced recurrence when the treatment tapped or discontinued.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LEP is a rare cutaneous variant of lupus erythematosus. The diagnosis of LEP is mainly based on clinical findings and pathological features. Hydroxychloroquine and low- and middle-dose corticosteroid are effective for the treatment of LEP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Panniculitis, Lupus Erythematosus , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322723

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in psoriasis inpatients in Peking Union Medical Hospital.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively reviewed the records of the psoriasis patients admitted in the dermatological ward of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1st, 2003, to December 31st, 2008, and the height, weight, blood pressure, fasting glucose, triglyceride, and high-density lipoprotein levels were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of metabolic syndrome of the psoriasis inpatients of Peking Union Medical College Hospital was 38.1%, with that of the male patients (43.1%) significantly higher than the female (25.0%, P0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in psoriasis patients is higher than healthy adults. Screening and patient education are important for these patients in clinical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Inpatients , Male , Metabolic Syndrome , Epidemiology , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Psoriasis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259080

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficacy and safety of the 308 nm excimer laser for the treatment of vitiligo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We treated 170 patients with stable vitiligo by using the 308 nm excimer laser. The lesions of vitiligo were treated one to two times per week for 10-30 times. Efficacies were evaluated every 7 days and 3 days after the treatments were completed. Patients were followed up for two months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rates of "remarkably improved" and "cured" were 67.97% and 32.03% in faces, 54.55% and 27.27% in necks, 63.26% and 26.53% in trunks, 38.84% and 15.70% in limbs, and 0 and 0 in hands and feet. The areas of faces had a better response than those of necks, trunks, or limbs (P < 0.01), and the areas of trunks or limbs had better response than that of hands and feet (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The 308 nm excimer laser is safe and effective in treating stable vitiligo and the efficacy varies in different lesion sites.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Lasers, Excimer , Therapeutic Uses , Low-Level Light Therapy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome , Vitiligo , Radiotherapy , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281232

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Q-switched Alexandrite laser in the treatment of pigmentary skin, diseases ( PSDs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 4 656 patients with PSDs were treated with Q-switched Alexandrite laser. These PDSs included nevus of Ota, seborrheic keratosis, tattoo, naevus fusco-caeruleus zygomaticus, cafe-au-lait-spots, lentigo, naevus of Ito, and spilus naevus. The outcomes and adverse events after treatment were oberserved.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The response rate was 92.31% and the cure rate was 55.39% for nevus of Ota after six times of treatment, and the cure rate was 100% after nine times of treatment. The response rate was 100% for freckles, seborrheic keratosis, and naevus fuscocaeruleus zygomaticus after four times of treatment. The response rate was more than 77.18% and the cure rate was more than 50% for tattoos after three times of treatment, including amateur tattoo, artificial eyebrow, eyelid lines, and traumatic tattoo. However, after four times of treatment, the response rate and the cure rate were only 50. 00% and 21.43% for cafe-au-lait spots, and 50.00% and 25.00% for spilus naevus, respectively. The response rate was 35.29% for lentigo and 25.00% for naevus of Ito/ spilus naevus after four times of treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Q-switched Alexandrite laser is effective in the treatment of nevus of Ota, seborrheic keratosis, tattoo, and naevus fusco-caeruleus zygomaticus, but has limited efficacy for cafe-au-lait-spots, lentigo, naevus of Ito, and spilus naevus.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Low-Level Light Therapy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Pigmentation Disorders , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 585 nm flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye lasers (PDL) in the treatment of port-wine stains (PWS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective review was performed in 2 317 patients with PWS who visited the Dermatology Laser Centre of PUMC Hospital and accepted treatment with 585 nm PDL. The correlation between the treatment efficacy and the treatment sessions, lesion types, and usage of other therapies were analyzed. The adverse effects were also observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the 2 317 patients with PWS received 1-13 consecutive treatments with PDL at 2-3-month intervals. The median number of treatment was 4.93 and the median energy density was 8.29 J/cm2. The response rate after 8 treatments sessions were 84%. The response rate in patients whose lesions are characterized as purple plaques with proliferation and treated with isotope, CO2, cryotherapy, and other treatments was significantly lower than the total response rate (P < 0.05). Superficial scar, hyperpigmentation, and hypopigmentation were found in 5.2%, 2.5%, and 4.0% of these patients, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>585 nm PDL is effective and safe in treating PWS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Low-Level Light Therapy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Port-Wine Stain , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281230

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of long-pulsed Alexandrite laser for hair removal.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Hair removal was performed in 1702 hirsute patients with long-pulsed Alexandrite laser. Among them 1603 patients received two or more operations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In patients who received 2, 3, 4, 5, and > or =6 operations, the effectiveness rates were 9.79%, 18.33%, 29.10%, 37.64%, and 82.68%, respectively. The number of operation correlated with the effectiveness, and > or =6 operations resulted in superior outcomes. Pigmentation occurred in 0.94% of the patients (16/1702).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The long-pulsed Alexandrite laser system is effective and safe in removing hair.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hair Removal , Methods , Hirsutism , Radiotherapy , Humans , Low-Level Light Therapy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343811

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy of mutation of human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) E7 in two zinc-binding motifs on HPV16 E7 C terminus on antigen-specific immunity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>pcDNA3.1/16E7 and pcDNA3.1/ME7 were successfully constructed by inserting the E7 (ME7) into pcDNA3.1 BamH I, EcoR I cut sites. After intramuscular injection with pcDNA3.1, pcDNA3.1/16E7, and pcDNA3.1/16ME7 on C57BL/6 mice, splenocytes from vaccinated mice was isolated. After have been stimulated with E7-specific peptide, interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin 2 (IL-2), and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) were detected by ELISA, Eli-spot, and LDH assay respectively; splenocytes without E7 peptide stimulation were used as control group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Splenocytes from mice vaccinated with pcDNA/ME7, stimulated with E7 peptide, generated significantly larger number of E7-specific IL-2 compared with pcDNA3.1/16E7, pcDNA3.1, and control group. The E7-specific IL-2 generated in pcDNA-ME7 group was 5-fold of that of pcDNA3.1/16E7, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Splenocytes from mice vaccinated with pcDNA/ME7 and stimulated with E7 peptide, generated significantly larger number of E7-specific IFN-gamma compared with other vaccines. pcDNA-ME7 generated a 2-fold increase in the number of E7-specific IFN-gamma compared with wild-type E7 and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The highest CTL activity in mice vaccinated with pcDNA/ME7 at an E:T ratio of 45:1 was achieved compared with mice vaccinated with other vaccines. The percents of specific lysis generated by pcDNA3.1/ME7, pcDNA3.1/E7, pcDNA3.1, and without vaccination were of (28.7+/-1.2) %, (55+/-2.2) %, (12.5+/-2.0) %, and (11.5+/-1.2) % respectively, and significant difference existed between the former and the latter two groups (P < 0.05). However, no significant difference was found among all the groups without specific E7 peptide stimulation (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The mutation of zinc-binding motifs on HPV16 E7 C terminus may greatly enhance the immunogenicity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-2 , Blood , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mutation , Oncogene Proteins, Viral , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Papillomaviridae , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Papillomavirus E7 Proteins , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccination , Vaccines, DNA , Allergy and Immunology , Viral Proteins , Genetics , Viral Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL