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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360175

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibitory effect of 420 nm intense pulsed light on Trichophyton rubrum growth in vitro and explore the mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The fungal conidia were divided into treatment group with intense pulse light irradiation and control group without irradiation. The surface areas of the fungal colonies were photographed before irradiation and on the 2nd and 3rd days after irradiation to observe the changes in fungal growth. The viability of the fungus in suspension was detected at 6 h after irradiation using MTT assay. The intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in the fungus was determined using DCFH-DA fluorescent probe, and the MDA content was detected using TBA method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Intense pulse light (420 nm) irradiation caused obvious injuries in Trichophyton rubrum with the optimal effective light dose of 12 J/cmin 12 pulses. At 6 h after the irradiation, the fungus in suspension showed a 30% reduction of viability (P<0.05), and the fungal colonies showed obvious growth arrest without further expansion. Compared to the control group, the irradiated fungus showed significant increases in ROS level and MDA content (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intense pulse light (420 nm) irradiation can induce oxidative stress in Trichophyton rubrum to lead to fungal injuries and death.</p>

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of NADPH oxidase (Nox) in the oxidative stress injury of human dermal fibroblasts (HFbs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An oxidative stress injury model was established in HFbs by exposure to H(2)O(2). Normal HFbs and HFbs exposed to H(2)O(2) with and without pretreatment with NADPH oxidase inhibitor were tested for cell viability using MTT assay, and the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined with a DCFH-DA fluorescent probe. Western blotting was used to measure the protein expressions of membrane-bound subunit gp91phox of NADPH oxidase in the cells.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>H(2)O(2) time- and concentration-dependently induced oxidative stress injury in the fibroblasts, causing a reduction of the cell viability to 40% after a 24-h exposure at 700 µmol/L (P<0.05) and an increase of ROS by 2 folds after a 2-h exposure at 700 µmol/L (P<0.05). Compared with the cells with oxidative stress injury, the cells with NADPH oxidase inhibitor pretreatment showed a 20% higher cell viability (P<0.05) and normal ROS level (P<0.05) following H(2)O(2) exposure. Western blotting demonstrated increased expression of gp91phox in the cells exposed to increasing H(2)O(2) concentrations, but gp91phox expression remained normal in cells pretreated with NADPH oxidase inhibitor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>H(2)O(2) can induce oxidative stress injury in the fibroblasts by affecting NADPH oxidase, especially its membrane-bound subunit gp91phox.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Membrane Glycoproteins , Metabolism , NADPH Oxidase 2 , NADPH Oxidases , Metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 517-522, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314552

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a serious lung complication in polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) which affects prognosis and requires a more aggressive approach in therapy. This study investigated the prevalence, characteristics, predictive factors and unfavourable prognostic factors of ILD in newly diagnosed PM, DM and amyopathic DM (ADM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2000 to December 2008, the medical records of 197 consecutive PM and DM patients at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University were reviewed excluding overlapping, juvenile, and malignancy-associated cases. The patients were assigned to an ILD (69 patients) and a non-ILD group (128 patients). The clinical features, laboratory findings, and prognosis were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The multivariate analysis indicated that older age at onset (OR 1.033, 95%CI 1.009 - 1.058, P = 0.007), fever (OR 4.109, 95%CI 1.926 - 8.767, P < 0.001) and arthritis/arthralgia (OR 2.274, 95%CI 1.101 - 4.695, P = 0.026) were the independent predictive factors for developing ILD in PM/DM after excluding anti-Jo-1. Regarding anti-Jo-1, fever (OR 4.912, 95%CI 2.121 - 11.376, P < 0.001) was associated with ILD. Poor survival in ILD patients was associated with ILD clinical subset (RR 0.122, 95%CI 0.049 - 0.399, P < 0.001), ADM/DM/PM-ILD (RR 0.140, 95%CI 0.031 - 0.476, P = 0.002), cardiac involvement (RR 4.654, 95%CI 1.391 - 15.577, P = 0.013) and serum albumin level (RR 0.910, 95%CI 0.831 - 0.997, P = 0.042).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Patients who presented with fever tended to have a higher frequency of PM/DM-associated ILD. A Hamman-Rich-like presentation, ADM-ILD, cardiac involvement and hypoalbuminemia were poor prognostic factors in ILD-PM/DM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Dermatomyositis , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Polymyositis , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344372

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of preoperative transcatherter arterial chemo-embolization (TACE) on the cell proliferation in Wilms; tumor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-one cases of Wilms; tumor diagnosed by histopathology were divided into two groups: in TACE group, 23 patients received TACE first and were operated 2 weeks later; in control group, 18 patients were operated alone. A comparative analysis of the pathological finding was made in two groups, and the expression of PCNA and VEGF in tumor tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The degeneration of tumor tissue such as tumor cell necrotic, broken, disappearance occurred in 17 cases of TACE group and in 4 cases of control group, respectively (P <0.01). The expression of PCNA in TACE group and in control group was 1/23 (4.3 %) and 9/18(50.0 %), respectively (P <0.01). VEGF was expressed in 7/23 (30.4 %) of TACE group and 9/18 (50.0 %) of control group (P=0.283).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TACE can significantly inhibit proliferation and enhance degeneration of Wilms; tumor cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Kidney Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Male , Preoperative Care , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Wilms Tumor , Pathology , General Surgery , Therapeutics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310421

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an acute leukemia animal model for testing new therapeutic agents in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nude mice were intraperitoneally injected with 2 mg cyclophosphamide, 24 h later 5 x 10(6) acute B-cell leukemia Nalm-6 cells was inoculated via the tail vein, then monitored daily. When animals were paralyzed or dying, the organs including the liver, spleen, lung, heart, kidney, brain, bone marrow, pancreas, testes were removed and fixed with formalin, examined by routine histopathology.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After Nalm-6 cells were inoculated the mean survival of mice were( 19.4+/-0.55)d (n=6). The paralysis of mice was followed by weight loss, bent spines, hogback, cachexia and death. Histopathological examination showed that the tumor cells infiltrated liver, spleen, kidney, lung, meninges, interior cerebrum, the liver and kidney were the most affected organs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>B lineage acute leukemia animal model has been successfully established in the nude mice, which is suitable for testing new therapeutic agents.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyclophosphamide , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 463-466, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317132

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between the morphological features of different types of neuronal intestinal malformations (NIM) and their postoperative complications.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of morphological and clinical features of 324 cases with NIM were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In all 324 patients, 210 cases were Hirschsprung's disease (HD), 38 intestinal neuronal dysplasia (IND), 45 mixed HD/IND, 8 hypoganglionosis, 22 combined HD/hypoganglionosis and 1 immaturity of ganglion cells. The percentages of normal neuron in bowel of different NIM were 88.1%, 24.4%, 18.4%, 4/8, 27.7% and 0/1 in HD, HD/IND, IND, hypoganglionosis, HD/hypoganglionosis and immaturity of ganglion cells respectively. There were totally 46 cases complicated with recurrent postoperative enterocolitis (EC). Incidence of recurrent postoperative EC in HD patients was 6.7% while in IND/HD and IND patients was 35.6% and 28.9%, respectively. Incidences of EC in cases with the residual IND margins and with the normal margins were 38.2% and 8.7%, respectively. Incidence of EC in cases with transanal endorectal pull-through procedure and with transabdominal procedure was 18.0% and 8.3%, respectively. Nine cases underwent another procedure because of severe persistent constipation or EC after operation, including 4 cases HD/IND, 1 case IND, 3 cases HD and 1 case HD/hypoganglionosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Neuron distribution is inconsistent with pathology of NIM. Postoperative EC are rare in the patients only with isolated HD. Furthermore, margins with residual IND and transanal endorectal pull-through procedure are risk factors to recurrent EC. However, the extension of excision about IND is uncertain and need further study.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Digestive System Abnormalities , Pathology , General Surgery , Enteric Nervous System , Congenital Abnormalities , Pathology , Female , Hirschsprung Disease , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Infant , Male , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 791-795, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316297

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To improve prognosis of the patients with advanced Wilms' tumor, the authors compared different therapeutic strategies including preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), conventional preoperative chemotherapy and initial surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-two patients aged from 5 months to 10 years (mean 3.2 years) were identified from medical records to have histologically confirmed advanced Wilms' tumor during the period from January 1993 to December 2002. The criteria for choice were huge tumor size with a volume more than 550 ml or the mass extending beyond the midline, involvement of vital structures, inferior vena cava invasion, distal metastasis or bilateral Wilms' tumor judged by imaging examination. All cases were divided into 3 groups according to the treatment received: 31 cases in group TACE received preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization with Lipiodol-Epirubicin (EPI)-Vincristine emulsion. One week after TACE, systemic chemotherapy with Actinomycin D (ACTD) was administered and tumor resected at two weeks after TACE. 20 cases in group PC received conventional preoperative chemotherapy with VCR, ACTD plus EPI for 4-5 weeks, and 11 cases in group IS underwent initial surgery. Postoperative treatment for all patients was based on the postoperative staging and tumor histology.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the patients treated with TACE, no drug-induced complications such as cardiotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, hepatic dysfunction or bone marrow suppression were observed except for mild fever due to tumor necrosis. The percentages of tumor size shrinkage were 32.4% and 20.3% in group TACE and group PC, respectively (P < 0.05). Complete surgical removal of the tumor was achieved in 27 patients (87.1%) in group TACE, significantly higher in comparison with 14 in group PC (70.0%, P < 0.05) and 2 in group IS (18.2%, P < 0.01). Event-free survival (EFS) at 2 years was 87.1% (27/ 31), 60.0% (12/20) and 18.2% (2/11), respectivrely. EFS at 4 years was 84.6% (11/13), 56.3% (9/16 ) and 18.2% (2/11) in groups TACE, PC and IS, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present study has shown that both preoperative TACE and conventional preoperative chemotherapy can be applied to the patients with advanced Wilms' tumor who are not candidates for immediately surgical resection. The survival is significantly increased in the patients undergoing preoperativeTACE when compared with conventional preoperative chemotherapy and initial surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Child , Child, Preschool , Combined Modality Therapy , Dactinomycin , Disease-Free Survival , Epirubicin , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Iodized Oil , Kidney Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , Therapeutics , Male , Neoplasm Staging , Nephrectomy , Preoperative Care , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine , Wilms Tumor , Pathology , Therapeutics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355233

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the evolution of pulmonary hypertension induced by intratracheal bleomycin (BLM) in immature rabbits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immature rabbits were divided into control and BLM groups. Two and four weeks after intratracheal normal saline or BLM, the systolic, diastolic and mean pulmonary artery pressure (PASP, PADP, MPAP) were measured by micro-catheter, the pathological changes and the expression of VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA of endothelial cells in pulmonary arteries were evaluated by HE and in situ hybridization.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Pulmonary artery pressure was elevated 2 weeks and 4 weeks after intratracheal BLM. Two weeks after treatment PASP was (16.5 +/- 2.9 compared with 25.2 +/- 7.0) mmHg, PADP (8.8 +/- 4.2 compared with 13.1 +/- 3.8) mmHg, MPAP (12.1 +/-4.0 compared with 18.4 +/-4.7) mmHg in control and BLM groups, respectively; meanwhile 4 weeks after treatment, PASP was (16.7 +/-2.3 compared with 23.8 +/-7.1) mmHg, PADP (7.3 +/-1.5 compared with 13.8 +/-6.6) mmHg, MPAP (11.3 +/- 1.9 compared with 17.6 +/- 6.3) mmHg in control and BLM groups, respectively. The thickness of arterial wall increased and the cavity became narrow, and the thickness index (TI) and area index (AI) increased in middle and small pulmonary arteries 2 weeks and 4 weeks after intratracheal BLM. Two weeks after treatment TI was 0.52 +/- 0.16 compared with 0.65 +/- 0.16, AI 0.74+/- 0.17 compared with 0.84 +/- 0.14 in control and BLM groups, respectively; meanwhile 4 weeks after treatment TI was 0.52 +/- 0.11 compared with 0.64 +/- 0.15, AI 0.71 +/- 0.15 compared with 0.85 +/- 0.10 in control and BLM groups. The levels of VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA expression in pulmonary arterial endothelial cells decreased 2 weeks and 4 weeks after intratracheal BLM. Two weeks after treatment VEGFmRNA was 0.83 +/- 0.09 compared with 0.45 +/- 0.11, eNOSmRNA 0.79 +/- 0.12 compared with 0.45 +/- 0.12 in control and BLM groups, respectively; meanwhile 4 weeks after VEGFmRNA was 0.81 +/- 0.19 compared with 0.46 +/- 0.15, eNOSmRNA 0.89 +/- 0.14 compared with 0.44 +/- 0.12 in control and BLM groups, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intratracheal bleomycin may induce the pathological changes of pulmonary arteries and decrease the expression of VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA in immature rabbits, which results in pulmonary hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Bleomycin , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Pathology , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Genetics , Pulmonary Artery , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rabbits , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355163

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene transfer on the bleomycin(BLM)-induced pulmonary hypertension in immature rabbits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immature rabbits were divided into 4 groups; control, BLM, liposome and trans-gene groups. The systolic, diastolic and mean pulmonary artery pressure (PASP, PADP, MPAP) were measured by micro-catheter, the pathological changes and the expression of VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA of endothelial cells in pulmonary arteries were evaluated by HE stain and in situ hybridization.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>(1) The PAP of BLM and liposome groups was higher than that of control and trans-gene groups. The PASP was 16.5+/-2.9, 25.2+/-7.0, 24.4+/-6.0 and 18.3+/-2.7 mmHg; the PADP was 8.8+/-4.2, 13.1+/-3.8, 13.7+/-4.6 and 10.2+/-2.6 mmHg; the MPAP was 12.1+/-4.0, 18.4+/-4.7, 18.4+/-5.1 and 14.1+/-2.5 mmHg in control, BLM, liposome and trans-gene groups respectively. (2) The thickness of wall increased and the cavity became narrow, and the thickness index (TI) and area index (AI) increased in middle and small pulmonary arteries of BLM and liposome groups. The TI was 0.52+/-0.16, 0.65+/-0.16, 0.63+/-0.11 and 0.55+/-0.13; and the AI was 0.74+/-0.17, 0.84+/-0.14, 0.85+/-0.08 and 0.79+/-0.12 in control, BLM, liposome and trans-gene groups,respectively. (3) The level of VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA expression in pulmonary arterial endothelial cells decreased in BLM and liposome groups. The level of VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA expression in trans-gene group was higher than that in BLM and liposome groups, but lower than that in control group. VEGFmRNA was 0.83+/-0.09, 0.45+/-0.11, 0.45+/-0.13 and 0.65+/-0.18; eNOSmRNA was 0.79+/-0.12, 0.45+/-0.12, 0.50+/-0.14 and 0.56+/-0.08 in control, BLM, liposome and trans-gene groups, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>VEGF gene transfer in immature rabbits with BLM-induced pulmonary hypertension could attenuate the increasing of PAP and wall thickness in middle and small pulmonary arteries, and increase the level of VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA expression in pulmonary arterial endothelial cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Bleomycin , Endothelium , Metabolism , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Therapy , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Genetics , Pulmonary Artery , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rabbits , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355160

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the viral pathogen of pneumonia in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 13 642 cases of children pneumonia in 3 years were enrolled in this study. Antigens of viral pathogen in respiratory excretion, including respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), type 1, 2 and 3 parainfluenza virus, type A and B influenza virus, and adenovirus were detected by direct immunofluorescence method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Viral pneumonia accounted for 34.3% of all cases, including 25.8% cases of RSV, 4.7% of parainfluenza virus, 2.4% of type A influenza virus, 0.2% of type B influenza virus and 1.3% of adenovirus. Coinfection was found in 20 cases, in which 17 cases (85%) were infected with RSV and another virus. Positive rates of RSV in children < or = 1 year, 1 to 3 years, and >3 years were 33.1%, 19.7% and 5.1% with a significant difference (chi(2)(trend)=763.4, P < 0.001). The positive rate of adenovirus in children < or =1 year (0.7%) was significantly lower than that in children aged 1 to 3 years and in children >3 years (2.3% and 2.5%) (all P<0.01). The positive rate of type A influenza virus in children aged 1 to 3 years was higher than that in children < or =1 year (chi(2)=18.2, P<0.01). Type 1 parainfluenza virus was found in 1.2% children aged 1 to 3 years with most prevalence (P<0.05). Infection rates of type 3 parainfluenza in children < or =1 year, 1 to 3 years, and >3 years were 4.7%, 3.2% and 1.4% respectively with a significant difference (chi(2)(trend)=52.4, P<0.01). Although there were some differences of infection rate of RSV in different years, it tended to increase from November to next April with a highest rate of 62.8%. Type 3 parainfluenza virus and Type A influenza virus were almost sporadic while type A influenza virus was epidemic in August 2003 with an infection rate of 15.7%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The highest infection rate of viral pathogen of pneumonia in children is RSV and the follows are parainfluenza, influenza and adenovirus in turn.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Adenovirus Infections, Human , Virology , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Orthomyxoviridae , Orthomyxoviridae Infections , Virology , Paramyxoviridae , Paramyxoviridae Infections , Virology , Pneumonia, Viral , Virology , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Virology , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 588-591, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331829

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the epidemiolgy of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in children and its relations to climate factors in Hangzhou.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Monthly positive rate of RSV in pneumonia inpatients and climate factor including mean air temperature, mean relative humidity and rainy days per month were continuously observed for 3 years. Correlation analysis for RSV positive rate and these three climate factors were performed using partial correlation, and regression methods between the positive rate and significant factor was done.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>13 642 cases were detected and 25.8% showed positive of RSV. The positive rate of RSV in children < or =1 years old, 1-3 years old, > 3 years old were 33.1%, 19.7% and 5.1% respectively with significant difference (chi2 = 763.7, P = 0.000). Rate of RSV infection was increased from December and kept in high level until May or April next year, but were varied at different years. Partial correlations between positive rate and rainy days, mean relative humidity, and mean air temperature per month were 0.32 (P= 0.066), -0.27 (P = 0.117) and -0.83 (P = 0.000) respectively. The regression equation of RSV positive rate and mean air temperature was: RSV positive rate (%) = 52.933 - 1.914 x mean air temperature (degrees C).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RSV was one of the main factors causing of pneumonia in children while the highest infectious rate was in children < or =1 year old and infectious rate reduced along with the increase of age. Low air temperature was the main factor affecting the epidemiology of RSV. RSV was prevalent both in spring and winter in Hangzhou area.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Climate , Female , Humans , Humidity , Infant , Logistic Models , Male , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Epidemiology , Seasons , Temperature
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore better therapy and reduce the rate of re-relapse of primary nephritic syndrome in children who had been treated with corticosteroids but relapsed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty relapsers were enrolled from Jan. 1994 to Apr. 2000, who were randomly divided into two groups. The treatment group (n=39) had been treated with tripterysium glucosides for three months, with the control group (n=41) members were treated with cyclophosphmide (CTX) by intermission intravenous pulse, with total dose of CTX not being more than 150 mg/kg. Prednisone, meanwhile, was given to both groups. The total treatment period of prednisone was prolonged by 12-18 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After following up for 3-7 years, the re-relapse rates of both groups were observed. The re-relapse rate of the treatment group was 28.2% to 29.3% in the CTX-controlled group. The re-relapse rates between two groups were almost similar, and with no observed significant difference (P>0.05). The side effect of tripterysium glucosides was less than that of CTX.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For the treatment of relapsing nephritic syndrome in children, the combination of tripterysium glucosides and prolonged corticosteroid therapy is as effective as the regimen of CTX plus prolonged use of prednisone.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Child, Preschool , Cyclophosphamide , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Glucosides , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Nephrotic Syndrome , Diagnosis , Prednisone , Secondary Prevention , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 417-420, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340316

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection presents high prevalence in the world, but there are few pediatric assays evaluating antimicrobial treatment using a short regimen of triple therapy. To evaluate the eradication rate and long term therapeutic effect of a triple therapy consisted of omeperazole, clarithromycin (CLA) and amoxycillin (AMO) on Hp infection, the authors explored the alternative therapeutic programs and their effects after first therapeutic failure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 192 children with Hp infection were divided into two groups: 157 children were given the triple therapy for one week (CLA group); 35 children were given another triple therapy composed of omeperazole, metronidazole (MET) and AMO for two weeks (MET group). All of the children were followed up for 1 - 36 months after the therapies ended. Twenty-two children in whom Hp was eradicated with CLA triple therapy were followed up for 3 years. The children of the two groups who had therapeutic failure were given re-treatment as follows. CLA triple therapy was given for one week to the children who had failure after MET triple therapy; increased doses of CLA with longer treatment course was given to the children who had failure after CLA triple therapy. A tetra therapy consisted of omeperazole, colloidal bismuth subcitrate (CBS), furazolidone (FUR) and AMO was given to the children in whom the re-treatment failed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Hp eradication and ulcer recovery rate of CLA group was 90.4% (142/157) and 96.9% (32/33), respectively; the Hp eradication rate of MET group was 77% (27/35). There was significant difference between eradication rates of the two groups (chi(2) = 4.69, P < 0.05). The recurrence rate of 22 Hp eradicated children treated with CLA triple therapy was 4.5% (1/22) during the 3-year follow-up. The eradication rate of the three re-treatment programs for 29 children was 75% (6/8), 77% (11/15) and 100% (6/6), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>(1) Omeperazole, CLA and AMO triple therapy for one week was the best to eradicate Hp infection with high eradication rate, few side effects, short period of treatment, good compliance and low recurrence rate. (2) Proper increase of CLA dose and longer therapeutic course may increase the eradication rate. Omeperazole, CBA, FUR and AMO tetra therapeutic program may be used as an alternative treatment in patients who develop resistance to CLA triple therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Amoxicillin , Therapeutic Uses , Anti-Ulcer Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Preschool , Clarithromycin , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Therapy, Combination , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter Infections , Drug Therapy , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Male , Metronidazole , Therapeutic Uses , Omeprazole , Therapeutic Uses , Recurrence , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1132-1135, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360914

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinicopathologic features of kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathologic data were studied in three cases of KHE and review the literatures.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two cases were female and one was male. All cases occurred in infancy. Two tumor located in axillary chest wall and one in lumbar region. All of the three patients had Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. Histologically, the tumor was composed of spindle-shaped cells. in all cases nodular growth pattern was seen. Immunohistochemically, Neoplastic spindled cells expressed CD34 and CD31. Associated lymphangiomatosis was present in two cases. Two tumors were resected completely, one was resected partly. the follow-up period ranged from 6 months to 3 years, and all were alive.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma is a rare locally aggressive vascular tumor that mainly occurred in early infancy. It is frequently complicated by Kasabach-Merritt syndrome, and it has features common to both capillary hemangioma and Kaposi sarcoma. The prognosis of KHE is determined by the size, location and the hemorrhage degree of vascular tumor. Better outcome might be achieved in patients with KHE of the skin and in the soft tissues under the skin. It appears that the main treated measure should be wide local excision.</p>


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Hemangioendothelioma , Pathology , Humans , Infant , Male , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic , Sarcoma, Kaposi , Pathology , Skin Neoplasms , Pathology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341981

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA and immunoreactivity in experimental acute inflammatory brain injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten rats were inoculated with pneumococcus to establish the model of bacterial inflammatory brain injury and other 6 rats were used as normal controls. At 24 h after inoculating, the expression of BDNF mRNA and BDNF protein in brain tissue was detected by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical methods, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The necrosis of neuron in cerebral cortex and hippocampus was observed after infection. The increase of BDNF mRNA expression in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of experimental animals was demonstrated at 24 h after inoculation: (0.1194 +/- 0.02941 compared with 0.0662 +/- 0.01176)A and (0.1608 +/-0.01854 compared with 0.0680 +/- 0.00946)A (P<0.01), respectively. Compared with controls the expression of BDNF protein in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus was enhanced at 24 h of inoculation:(177.04+/-43.66 compared with 79.79+/-7.23)mm(2) (P<0.01) and (81.78 +/-37.47 compared with 42.98 +/-20.44)mm(2) (P<0.01), respectively. Strong positive hybridization and immunoreactivity were observed in the infiltrated inflammatory cell in leptomeninges, subarachnoid cavity, ventricles and brain parenchyma in the brain from the experimental rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of BDNF mRNA and BDNF protein increases following brain inflammatory injury, which supports the hypothesis that BDNF may constitute intrinsic neuroprotective mechanism as a part of the inflammatory response.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Genetics , Calcium , Metabolism , Female , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Meningitis, Pneumococcal , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 893-896, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303576

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), GFAP mRNA and interleukin-1beta mRNA (IL-1beta mRNA), tumor necrosis factor-alpha mRNA (TNF-alpha mRNA) in neonatal rat brain after intrauterine infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Escherichia coli (E. coli) was inoculated into both uterine horns of pregnant rats when gestation was 70% complete (15 days). The control group was treated with normal saline. The pups were killed on the postnatal day 1 (P1), P3 and P7, respectively. The cerebral white matter damage of the neonatal rats was determined by HE staining. Immunohistochemistry was used for evaluation of GFAP expression in neonatal rat brains and RT-PCR to analyze GFAP mRNA, IL-1beta mRNA and TNF-alpha mRNA expression at P1, P3 and P7.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The major histopathological changes in neonatal cerebral white matter at P7 after intrauterine infections were: weak staining of cerebral white matter and focal rarefaction. GFAP-positive cells were observed in both the control and the E. coli-treated groups. The numbers of GFAP-positive cells of the E. coli-treated group pups were markedly increased in periventricular white matter and hippocampus at P7 compared with those of the control group (periventricular white matter: 9.73 +/- 3.55 vs 5.67 +/- 1.90, P < 0.05 and hippocampus: 7.81 +/- 3.61 vs 2.16 +/- 1.11, P < 0.05, respectively). No significantly different levels of GFAP expression in corpus callosum were found between two groups (P > 0.05). The expression of GFAP mRNA in brain of the E. coli-treated neonatal rat was higher than the control at P1, P3 (P1: 0.25 +/- 0.07 vs 0.15 +/- 0.08, P < 0.05 and P3: 0.50 +/- 0.09 vs 0.39 +/- 0.08, P < 0.05, respectively), but the expression of GFAP mRNA in brain of the neonatal rat at P7 had no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05). The expression of IL-1beta mRNA and TNF-alpha mRNA in brain of the E. coli-treated neonatal rat were higher than of the control at P1 (IL-1beta mRNA: 0.83 +/- 0.19 vs 0.50 +/- 0.30, P < 0.05 and TNF-alpha mRNA: 0.74 +/- 0.30 vs 0.30 +/- 0.20, P < 0.05, respectively), but the expression of IL-1beta mRNA and TNF-alpha mRNA in brain of the neonatal rat at P3 and P7 had no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The intrauterine infection could cause neonatal white matter damage and IL-1beta, TNF-alpha may be a mechanism mediating between the two events.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Escherichia coli Infections , Microbiology , Female , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Interleukin-1 , Genetics , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Microbiology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Rats , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Uterus , Microbiology
17.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 849-851, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269398

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Duodenal salami ulcer is a common disease found on routine endoscopic examination in children. The purpose of the study was to explore the characteristics and the clinicopathological features of duodenal salami ulcer in children and to deepen the understanding of duodenal salami ulcer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The endoscopic results of 117 cases with the duodenal salami ulcer were analyzed. The specimens of gastric antrum and duodenal bulb were subjected to HE and Giemsa staining and were examined for any alteration in histopathology and infection with Helicobacter pylori (Hp). The duodenal mucosa was stained with AB (pH 2.5)/PAS in order to diagnose the duodenal metaplasia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The major endoscopic finding was a kind of hoarfrost, which was dotty or flaky, covered on the hyperemic and edematous mucosa. The detection rate of this change was 2.29% (117/5 106) of all the endoscopic examinations in children and the rate among cases with duodenal ulcer was 49.2% (117/238). The histopathology was characterized by a heavy infiltration of mainly lymphocytes, plasmocytes and neutrophilic granulocytes, frequently accompanied by superficial erosion. Sixty-one cases were pathologically diagnosed as chronic active duodenitis, superficial erosion in 45; chronic duodenitis in 50; eosinophilic duodenitis in 6. Detection rate of Hp in gastric antrum was 58% (68/117) of all cases. Detection rate of Hp infection and gastric epithelium metaplasia in duodenal bulb was 11.1% (13/117) and 31.1% (37/117), respectively. However, detection rate of Hp in gastric antrum was 25.0% (1 203/4 810) in 4 810 cases of normal duodenal bulb and chronic duodenitis in the same period. Detection rate of Hp in duodenal bulb was 0% and the detection rate of gastric epithelium metaplasia in duodenal bulb was 2.7% (128/4 810). All these detection rates were much higher than those of the specimens collected during the same period with normal duodenal bulb and chronic duodenitis (P < 0.001). Twenty-one cases were reexamined by endoscopy after having been treated with antacids or antacids and antimicrobial agents for 4 weeks. The lesions were healed up and no scars were found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Duodenal salami ulcer in children had a special manifestation of duodenal inflammation or erosion but not a real ulcer. It was caused by the Hp infection in gastric antrum or duodenal bulb and the increase of gastric acids. The therapeutic principles were antacid and antimicrobial agents. The prognosis was good.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Duodenal Ulcer , Pathology , Duodenum , Pathology , Female , Helicobacter Infections , Humans , Male , Pyloric Antrum , Pathology
18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 743-746, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269378

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>It has been proposed that aberrant immunity of local bowel mucosa may cause ulcerative colitis (UC) and the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) may play a role in the development of this disease. To investigate the role of TNF-alpha and NF-kappa B in childhood UC, the expression of TNF-alpha and NF-kappa B in the bowel mucosa and their relationship were studied.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using anti-CD68, anti-TNF-alpha and anti-NF-kappa Bp65 antibodies, the cytokine immunoreactivities in the bowel mucosa of 39 cases of childhood UC (active UC: n = 21, non-active UC: n = 18) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The control specimens of normal bowel mucosa were collected from 7 cases with colorectal polyp or abdominal pain by sigmoidoscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The numbers (median: interquartile range) of CD68(+) cells, TNF-alpha(+) cells and NF-kappa Bp65(+) cells were 44.0 (31.5 - 48.2), 42.7 (19.5 - 65.0) and 50.7 (30.0 - 58.0) in the active UC mucosa, and were 9.2 (7.9 - 16.6), 5.5 (2.5 - 9.1) and 4.2 (3.0 - 8.4) in non-active UC mucosa, and 5.3 (4.3 - 8.7), 3.0 (0.0 - 6.3) and 3.3 (0.0 - 4.0) in the control mucosa, respectively. The levels of CD68, TNF-alpha and NF-kappa Bp65 expressions in the active UC were significantly higher than those in the non-active UC (P < 0.001) and the controls (P < 0.001). The expression level of CD68 in non-active UC was much higher than that in the controls (P = 0.008). Using the correlation analysis, a positive correlation between TNF-alpha and NF-kappa B activation was found (r = 0.885, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Macrophages TNF-alpha and NF-kappa B may play an important role in the pathophysiologic mechanism of childhood active UC. The activation of NF-kappa B may be associated with the release of TNF-alpha.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antigens, CD , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Child , Child, Preschool , Colitis, Ulcerative , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Infant , Male , NF-kappa B , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638251

ABSTRACT

Objectives To search for the relationship between HP and lesions of gastric mucosa of children.Methods Four hundred and fifty-eight bioptic specimens-from eastrie mueosa in children were strained with hematoxylin-eosin(HE)and Warthin-Starry for light microscopic study.Results HP was detected in 152 specimens. HP deteetable rate-in specimens with normal mucosa was 1. 1%, in compari-on with 42.3% in those with chronic superficial gastritis and 14. 3% in those with chronic atrophic gastrins .Specimens with chronic active gastritls, mostry manitesting local active lesions,had HP detectable rate of as high as 80.2%、69. 7% of the specimene with HP were found to have obvious lymph follicles reaction within lamina propria in their gastric mucosa.Conclusions There is a close relationship between HP infection and Pediatric chronic gastritis(especially chronic active gastritis). Histopathologically, HP-associated gastritis is characterized by chronic and local active inflamations, and tbe formation of lymph follicles within lamina propria.

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