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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879813

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of calorie-enriched formula on postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A total of 100 infants with cyanotic CHD who underwent surgical operation from January to December, 2017, were randomly divided into a high-calorie group (receiving calorie-enriched formula after surgery) and a conventional group (receiving standard formula after surgery), with 50 infants in each group. All infants were followed up for 6 months. The observation indices included body height, body weight, prealbumin, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide before surgery, at the time of ventilator weaning and extubation after surgery, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Height-for-age Z-score (HAZ), weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ), and weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ) were also assessed. Adverse reactions were recorded for both groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 25 cases (50%) and 21 cases (42%) of malnutrition in the high-calorie group and the conventional group respectively before surgery (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with the standard formula, calorie-enriched formula can better help with postoperative catch-up growth in infants with cyanotic CHD.


Subject(s)
Body Weight , Energy Intake , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Infant , Malnutrition , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818991

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the laboratory technicians’ abilities in blood slide making and reading in 10 prefectures of Yunnan Province which have passed the provincial malaria elimination evaluation, so as to provide the evidence for improving the malaria elimination surveillance and parasite examination. Methods Thirty negative blood slides were randomly sampled to evaluate coating, dyeing and clean quality and reading results, and 4 laboratory technicians were sampled to evaluate their reading abilities from each prefecture level and its 2 subordinate counties (districts) respectively, and then the results were analyzed. Results A total of 869 negative blood samples were evaluated. The coincidence rate was 100%. The proportions of good coating, dyeing and clean quality were 96.09%, 91.71% and 96.89%, respectively. Totally 576 blood slides were used to evaluate the reading ability. The number of correct reading was 505, and the correct rate was 87.67%. Among them, the Plasmodium vivax correct reading rate was 87.76%, the P. falciparum correct reading rate was 87.50%, and the correct reading rate of mixed infections was 47.62%. The laboratory technicians’ ability to the mixed infections was significantly lower than the ability to the others (χ2 = 37.169, P < 0.05), however, in the laboratory technicians’ abilities, there was no significant difference among the center (s) for disease control and prevention, general hospitals and township hospitals (χ2 = 2.782, P > 0.05), and the prefecture, county and township levels (χ2 = 0.358, P > 0.05) . Conclusion The 10 prefectures have passed the provincial evaluation in blood slide making and microscopic examination skill indicators requested, but the medical and public health institutions at all levels still should further improve their laboratory technicians’ abilities in blood slide making and microscopic examination skills.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818539

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the laboratory technicians’ abilities in blood slide making and reading in 10 prefectures of Yunnan Province which have passed the provincial malaria elimination evaluation, so as to provide the evidence for improving the malaria elimination surveillance and parasite examination. Methods Thirty negative blood slides were randomly sampled to evaluate coating, dyeing and clean quality and reading results, and 4 laboratory technicians were sampled to evaluate their reading abilities from each prefecture level and its 2 subordinate counties (districts) respectively, and then the results were analyzed. Results A total of 869 negative blood samples were evaluated. The coincidence rate was 100%. The proportions of good coating, dyeing and clean quality were 96.09%, 91.71% and 96.89%, respectively. Totally 576 blood slides were used to evaluate the reading ability. The number of correct reading was 505, and the correct rate was 87.67%. Among them, the Plasmodium vivax correct reading rate was 87.76%, the P. falciparum correct reading rate was 87.50%, and the correct reading rate of mixed infections was 47.62%. The laboratory technicians’ ability to the mixed infections was significantly lower than the ability to the others (χ2 = 37.169, P < 0.05), however, in the laboratory technicians’ abilities, there was no significant difference among the center (s) for disease control and prevention, general hospitals and township hospitals (χ2 = 2.782, P > 0.05), and the prefecture, county and township levels (χ2 = 0.358, P > 0.05) . Conclusion The 10 prefectures have passed the provincial evaluation in blood slide making and microscopic examination skill indicators requested, but the medical and public health institutions at all levels still should further improve their laboratory technicians’ abilities in blood slide making and microscopic examination skills.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the predictive value of Ees/Ea in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension based on right cardiac catheterization and cardiac magnetic resonance examination. METHODS: A total of 50 pulmonary arterial hypertension patients confirmed by right heart catheterization were retrospectively reviewed and followed up 2 years. The relationship between the baseline clinical data and survival prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension were analyzed. The predictive value of baseline Ees/Ea for prognosis in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension were compared. RESULTS: The Ees/Ea calculated by volume method was significantly correlated with the prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension(OR =0.082, 95%CI 0.009-0.814, P=0.032). The two-year survival rate of group Ees/Ea>0.67 was significantly higher than that of Ees/Ea≤0.67(86.7% vs. 50%, P=0.003). Conclution Ees/Ea calculated by volume method is an independent influence factor of the survival prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. When Ees/Ea≤0.67, the patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is more likely to deteriorate.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690618

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the effects of microwave on calcium levels in primary hippocampal neurons and primary cardiomyocytes by the real-time microwave exposure combined with laser scanning confocal microscopy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The primary hippocampal neurons and primary cardiomyocytes were cultured and labeled with probes, including Fluo-4 AM, Mag-Fluo-AM, and Rhod-2, to reflect the levels of whole calcium [Ca2+], endoplasmic reticulum calcium [Ca2+]ER, and mitochondrial calcium [Ca2+]MIT, respectively. Then, the cells were exposed to a pulsed microwave of 2.856 GHz with specific absorption rate (SAR) values of 0, 4, and 40 W/kg for 6 min to observe the changes in calcium levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results showed that the 4 and 40 W/kg microwave radiation caused a significant decrease in the levels of [Ca2+], [Ca2+]ER, and [Ca2+]MIT in primary hippocampal neurons. In the primary cardiomyocytes, only the 40 W/kg microwave radiation caused the decrease in the levels of [Ca2+], [Ca2+]ER, and [Ca2+]MIT. Primary hippocampal neurons were more sensitive to microwave exposure than primary cardiomyocytes. The mitochondria were more sensitive to microwave exposure than the endoplasmic reticulum.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The calcium efflux was occurred during microwave exposure in primary hippocampal neurons and primary cardiomyocytes. Additionally, neurons and mitochondria were sensitive cells and organelle respectively.</p>

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311408

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate microwave-induced morphological and functional injury of natural killer (NK) cells and uncover their mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>NK-92 cells were exposed to 10, 30, and 50 mW/cm2 microwaves for 5 min. Ultrastructural changes, cellular apoptosis and cell cycle regulation were detected at 1 h and 24 h after exposure. Cytotoxic activity was assayed at 1 h after exposure, while perforin and NKG2D expression were detected at 1 h, 6 h, and 12 h after exposure. To clarify the mechanisms, phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK) was detected at 1 h after exposure. Moreover, microwave-induced cellular apoptosis and cell cycle regulation were analyzed after blockade of ERK signaling by using U0126.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Microwave-induced morphological and ultrastructural injury, dose-dependent apoptosis (P < 0.001) and cell cycle arrest (P < 0.001) were detected at 1 h after microwave exposure. Moreover, significant apoptosis was still detected at 24 h after 50 mW/cm2 microwave exposure (P < 0.01). In the 30 mW/cm2 microwave exposure model, microwaves impaired the cytotoxic activity of NK-92 cells at 1 h and down regulated perforin protein both at 1 h and 6 h after exposure (P < 0.05). Furthermore, p-ERK was down regulated at 1 h after exposure (P < 0.05), while ERK blockade significantly promoted microwave-induced apoptosis (P < 0.05) and downregulation of perforin (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Microwave dose-dependently induced morphological and functional injury in NK-92 cells, possibly through ERK-mediated regulation of apoptosis and perforin expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Radiation Effects , Cell Cycle , Radiation Effects , Cell Line , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Down-Regulation , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Radiation Effects , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Microwaves , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311328

ABSTRACT

Little information is available about the effects of exposure to pulsed microwaves on neuronal Ca2+ signaling under non-thermal conditions. In this study, rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells were exposed to pulsed microwaves for 6 min at a specific absorption rate (SAR) of 4 W/kg to assess possible real-time effects. During microwave exposure, free calcium dynamics in the cytosol, mitochondria, and nucleus of cells were monitored by time-lapse microfluorimetry using a genetically encoded calcium indicator (ratiometric-pericam, ratiometric-pericam-mt, and ratiometric-pericam-nu). We established a waveguide-based real-time microwave exposure system under accurately controlled environmental and dosimetric conditions and found no significant changes in the cytosolic, mitochondrial, or nuclear calcium levels in PC12 cells. These findings suggest that no dynamic changes occurred in [Ca2+]c, [Ca2+]m, or [Ca2+]n of PC12 cells at the non-thermal level.

8.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 875-880, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694273

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of long-term microwave radiation on the expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor(NMDAR),brain derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) and related molecules in signal pathways in the hippocampus of rats.Methods Fifty male Wistar rats were exposed to microwave radiation at an average power density of 0,5,10,20 and 30 mW/cm2for 6 min/time,3 times/week,and for 6 weeks,which were sacrificed and the hippocampus was quickly removed at 14 d and 28 d after exposure.The changes in NMDAR (NR1,NR2A,NR2B),postsynaptic density protein(PSD)-95,cortactin,BDNF and tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrkB) in hippocampal neurons of each group were detected by Western blotting and image analysis techniques.Results Compared with the control group,the expressions of related proteins did not change significantly after microwave irradiation of 5 mW/cm2 at each time point.After 20 mW/cm2 microwave radiation,the expression of NR1 was increased at 14 and 28 d (P <0.05),the expression of NR2A was increased at 28 d (P < 0.05),but the expression of NR2B was decreased at 14 and 28 d (P < 0.05).At a average power density of 30 mW/cm2,the expressions of NR1,NR2A and PSD-95 and the expression of NR2B were decreased at 14 and 28 d(P <0.05),and cortactin,BDNF and TrkB were increased at 14 d after irradiation (P < 0.05).Conclusion The effect of different dosages of long-term microwave radiation on the proteins of NMDAR and its signal pathway related molecules is different.Microwave radiation may affect the NMDAR of postsynaptic information transmission through the BDNF-TrkB signaling pathways,which might play an important role in the impediment of learning and memory function caused by microwave radiation.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264624

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study is to investigate whether microwave exposure would affect the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) signaling pathway to establish whether this plays a role in synaptic plasticity impairment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>48 male Wistar rats were exposed to 30 mW/cm2 microwave for 10 min every other day for three times. Hippocampal structure was observed through H&E staining and transmission electron microscope. PC12 cells were exposed to 30 mW/cm2 microwave for 5 min and the synapse morphology was visualized with scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscope. The release of amino acid neurotransmitters and calcium influx were detected. The expressions of several key NMDAR signaling molecules were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Microwave exposure caused injury in rat hippocampal structure and PC12 cells, especially the structure and quantity of synapses. The ratio of glutamic acid and gamma-aminobutyric acid neurotransmitters was increased and the intracellular calcium level was elevated in PC12 cells. A significant change in NMDAR subunits (NR1, NR2A, and NR2B) and related signaling molecules (Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II gamma and phosphorylated cAMP-response element binding protein) were examined.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>30 mW/cm2 microwave exposure resulted in alterations of synaptic structure, amino acid neurotransmitter release and calcium influx. NMDAR signaling molecules were closely associated with impaired synaptic plasticity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Expression Regulation , Radiation Effects , Hippocampus , Cell Biology , Microwaves , Neuronal Plasticity , Radiation Effects , Neurons , Radiation Effects , Neurotransmitter Agents , Metabolism , PC12 Cells , Rats , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Radiation Effects , Time Factors
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1025-1028, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356464

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the long-term effect of bosentan on outcome in patients after Fontan operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients after Fontan surgery were randomly divided into bosentan group (B, n = 16) and control group (C, n = 23). Bosentan was applied within 7 days after Fontan surgery as follows: at the first month, 7.8125 mg Bid for patients with body weight ≤ 10 kg; 15.625 mg Bid for patients with body weight between 10-20 kg; 31.25 mg Bid for patients with body weight 20-30 kg and 62.5 mg Bid for patients with body weight > 30 kg. At the second month, the bosentan dose was doubled and Bosentan therapy was continued for more than 1 year. Group C didn't take drugs affecting pulmonary artery pressure. All patients were followed up for 2 years and incidence of mortality, protein losing enteropathy, pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae, 6-minute walk test, heart function were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 2 years, mortality tended to be lower in group B compared to group C [6.25% (1/16) vs. 21.8% (5/23), P > 0.05]. Incidence of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae and protein losing enteropathy were significantly lower in group B than in group C (6.25% vs. 34.78%, P = 0.01;6.25% vs. 39.13%, P = 0.02, respectively) . The results of 6-minute walk test[ (485 ± 44) m vs. (302 ± 183) m] and heart function in group B (3 NYHA III/IV patients in group B vs. 14 NYHA III/IV patients in group C, all P < 0.05) were all better than group C. The concentrations of vasoactive factors such as brain natriuretic peptide (BNP, 279.07 ± 128.17 vs. 457.67 ± 221.30), endothelin (ET, 3.30 ± 0.61 vs. 4.98 ± 1.24) and thromboxane (TXA2, 97.2 ± 24.0 vs. 163.22 ± 24.4) were also significantly lower in group B than in group C (all P < 0.05). Prostacyclin (PGI2) level and incidence of arrhythmias were similar between the two groups. There was no thrombotic event in both groups during follow up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Bosentan trerapy in patients post Fontan operation could reduce the incidence of pulmonary arteriovenous fistulae and protein losing enteropathy and improve heart function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Endothelin Receptor Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Fontan Procedure , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Drug Therapy , Male , Prognosis , Sulfonamides , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292489

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the quality of life among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and analyze the influencing factors in Kunming.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cross-sectional survey was conducted from March to April in year 2011, and 247 PLWHA were selected by convenience sampling from Yunnan CDC, Yunnan and Kunming infectious disease hospitals. General questionnaires, the simplified Chinese edition of medical outcomes study-HIV health survey (MOS-HIV, including 11 dimensions) and Social Support Scale were used. t test and multivariable linear regression model were used to analyze the results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For the subjects investigated, the age was (39.8 +/- 11.9) years old, the median (quartile) value of symptoms related to HIV infection was 1(2). As to the scores of quality of life measured by MOS-HIV, physical summary score was 47.4 +/- 11.2, mental summary score was 43.6 +/- 9.7; for the scores of 11 dimensions of the MOS-HIV,that were general health (42.9 +/- 19.9), physical function (79.4 +/- 24.9), role function (59.8 +/- 48.2), social function (67.0 +/- 33.6), cognitive function (71.0 +/- 25.4), pain (81.3 +/- 26.2), mental health (62.0 +/- 22.3), vitality (49.3 +/- 23.8), health distress (74.4 +/- 21.0), quality of life (51.8 +/- 21.1), health transition (49.0 +/- 29.8). The total score of social support was 28.6 +/- 7.6, of which the score of subjective social support was 17.2 +/- 6.3, the score of the objective social support was 5.9 +/- 2.2; the score of the utilization of social support was 5.5 +/- 1.9. Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that the more the symptoms related to HIV infection, the lower the physical summary scores (standardized coefficients b' = -0.22), the general health (b' = - 0.31), the physical function (b' = -0.16), the role function (b' = -0.23), the pain (b' = -0.21), the mental health (b' = -0.22), the vitality (b' = -0.22) and the health distress scores (b' = - 0.24) (all P values < 0.05); the older the age, the lower the physical summary scores (b' = - 0.16), the mental summary scores (b' = - 0.16), the physical function (b' = -0.26), the vitality (b' = -0.26) and the quality of life scores (b' = -0.17) (all P values < 0.05); the higher the score of the subjective social support,the higher the physical summary scores (b' = 0.26), the mental summary scores (b' = 0.22), the general health (b' = 0.27), the social function (b' = 0.26), the mental health (b' = 0.15) and the quality of life scores (b' = 0.22) (all P values < 0.05); the higher the score of the utilization of social support, the higher the physical function (b' = 0.16) and the health transition scores (b' = 0.31) (all P values < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PLWHA in Kunming have relatively lower scores of quality of life. A large number of symptoms during infection, older age and lower score of subjective social support were the hazard factors of quality of life in PLWHA.</p>


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Epidemiology , Adult , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Female , HIV Infections , Epidemiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Social Support , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235060

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the antagonistic effects of three species of oral Streptococcus on the growth of oral Saccharomyces albicans in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Direct inoculation method, reverse inoculation method and mixed culture methods were respectively chosen to observe the changes of Saccharomyces albicans colony formation on the effects of Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis and Streptococcus salivarius.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1) No clear inhibition zone was observed in each of the groups by direct inoculation method. 2) Compared with the control groups, Saccharomyces albicans colony formation on soft agar of Streptococcus sanguis decreased significantly (P < 0.05). 3) Mixed culture method results showed that Streptococcus mutans could inhibit the growth of Saccharomyces albicans significantly at different time points (P = 0.001). 4) Under the action of bacteria culture supernatant, the count of Saccharomyces albicans in experiment groups showed statistical significance when compared with the control groups at 24, 48, 72 h (P = 0.001); The differences among the experimental groups were of no statistical significance at majority times (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis, and Streptococcus salivarius could obviously inhibit the growth of Saccharomyces albicans in vitro. However, it is still unclear that among which the inhibition effects is stronger. The antagonistic effects is weakened gradually.</p>


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Saccharomyces , Streptococcus , Streptococcus mutans , Streptococcus sanguis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244893

ABSTRACT

This work was aimed to investigate the effect of quinacrine on peripheral granulocytes and lymphocytes, interleukin 1 (IL-1) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in peripheral blood serum of inflammatory reaction induced by microwave irradiation, and observe the protective effect of quinacrine against microwave irradiation injury. BALB/c mice were suffered from microwave irradiation with the total intensity of 50 mW/cm(2) for 30 minutes, at 1 hour before irradiation quinacrine (12.6 mg/kg or 50.4 mg/kg) was orally administrated. Mice received same volume of water for injection instead of quinacrine were named as microwave irradiation group (MR group), and mice received no microwave irradiation but stayed in microwave irradiation environment also for 30 min were set as control. After microwave irradiation, mice were sacrificed and peripheral blood cells were analyzed with cytoanalyzer, and mice serum interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 were detected by radioimmunoassay. The results showed that microwave irradiation increased the count of peripheral granulocytes and lymphocyte along with prolongation of time, while the increase of these cells in mice administrated quinacrine was markedly delayed. The level of IL-1β in serum of mice was significantly increased after 1 day of microwave irradiation (50 mW/cm(2)), and recovered to normal level after 7 days. The 2 concentrations of quinacrine (12.6 mg/kg, 50.4 mg/kg) could suppress level of IL-1β in serum induced by microwave irradiation. The level of IL-6 in serum of mice was gradually increased after microwave irradiation with intensity of 50 mW/cm(2) for 7 days, but quinacrine administration could delay the rise of IL-6 level, specially within time of 2 days. It is concluded that the quinacrine administration can delay the increase of peripheral granulocytes and lymphocytes inducted by microwave irradiation, and may partially suppress the rise of IL-1β and IL-6 in serum. The results of this study suggest that the quinacrine can provide some protective effect against microwave irradiation injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Inflammation , Interleukin-1 , Blood , Interleukin-1beta , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Leukocyte Count , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microwaves , Quinacrine , Pharmacology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350260

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The determination method of histatins 5 in human saliva with reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Salivary samples were collected and diluted with phosphate buffer (pH 2.5). The upper solution was determined with HPLC. Phosphate buffer (pH 3.5) of the mobile phase and C18 column was used throughout the experiment. The detection wavelength was 276 nm.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The linear ranges were 1.0-50.0 microg x mL(-1). The detection limit was 0.12 microg x mL(-1). The relative standard derivations (RSD) of standard solution for reserved time and peak area were 0.68% and 4.13% respectively. The proposed method was applied for analysis of salivary samples and the satisfactory results were obtained. RSD for sample determination was 4.41% and the average recoveries were 88.4%-109.0%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method was quick, simple and accurate. Analytical time was less than 15 min. It was adapted for analysis of salivary histatins 5 in salivary samples.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Histatins , Humans , Saliva
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264392

ABSTRACT

Herpes associated erythema multiforme (HAEM) is an acute exudative dermatic and mucosal disease caused by infecting herpes simplex virus. It has recurrence and idiorestriction, characterized by increasing of CD4+T leukomonocyte. This article reports a case of herpes associated erythema multiforme, and by way of reviewing relevant literature, discusses the possible mechanism, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of HAEM.


Subject(s)
Erythema Multiforme , Herpes Simplex , Humans , Recurrence , Simplexvirus
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264363

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to investigate whether the three species of oral Actinomyces have inhibitory effects on the growth of oral Candida albicans in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Straight o'clock method was used to observe the bacteriostasis circle. Reverse o'clock and mixed culture method were used to study the quantitative changes of Candida albicans colony respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) None of the groups had been viewed the bacteriostasis circle. (2) Compared with control groups, there was a significant decrease of Candida albicans colony on Actinomyces viscosus TPY soft agar (P < 0.05). Actinomyces naeslundii and Actinomyces odontolyticus TPY soft agar were both devoid of obvious Candida albicans colony (P < 0.01). The former group (Actinomyces viscosus) and the two latter groups (Actinomyces naeslundii and Actinomyces odontolyticus) showed a striking contrast (P < 0.01). (3) Compared with control groups, a decrease of Candida albicans showed up in the mixed culture, and the difference was significant (P < 0.05). The discrepancies among the three experimental groups were of no statistical value (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Oral Actinomyces viscosus, Actinomyces naeslundii and Actinomyces odontolyticus could inhibit the growth of Candida albicans in vitro. However, which of them contributed more to the inhibitory effects was still not affirmed.</p>


Subject(s)
Actinomyces , Actinomyces viscosus , Candida albicans , In Vitro Techniques
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348095

ABSTRACT

Systemic thalidomide has good effect on refractory chronic discoid lupus erythematosus (CDLE) whereas topical regimen of it has not been reported previously. In this paper, a case of refractory CDLE cured with topical thalidomide in clinic was reported and the feasibility of topical therapy was reviewed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Discoid , Thalidomide
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348093

ABSTRACT

Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL) is a particular form of oral leukoplakia clinically characterized by chronic proliferation, multiple occurrence, and intractability. It is seen mostly among elderly women and often involves bucca, palate, gingiva and tongue. Its canceration rate is very high. This article reports a case of a middle-aged woman with progressive PVL which became focally malignant who complained about buccal and palatal exophytic white patches, and discusses the possible pathogenic mechanism, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis of PVL and differentiation between PVL and other types of oral leukoplakia by way of reviewing relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Differentiation , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Female , Gingiva , Humans , Leukoplakia, Oral , Middle Aged , Tongue
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348011

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of oral carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) on extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) pathway in a lingual carcinoma cell line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The lingual carcinoma cell line, Tca8113 was stimulated by conditioned medium from oral CAFs, or cocultured with oral CAFs for definite time. Total ERK and pERK in Tca8113 lysate were detected by Western blotting, and the ratio between pERK and ERK were calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both stimulation by conditioned medium and coculture induced prompt phosphorylation of ERK, and increased the ratio between pERK and ERK.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Oral CAFs can activate ERK pathway of carcinoma cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Coculture Techniques , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Fibroblasts , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Phosphorylation , Tongue Neoplasms
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348004

ABSTRACT

Letterer-Siwe disease (LSD) is a kind of a histiocytosis, rarely seen in clinic. However, its prognosis is poor. A case of LSD which complaints of the oral ulcer is reported in this article. The patient of the case was a boy, came to hospital on July 5, 2003 because of oral ulcers, teeth loosing and falling off for a month, and pus running over from both antra auris for two weeks. No familial history of genetic diseases and special infections were found. The case consisted of the following features after exam: Erythematous papules and petechia dotted in the skin, primarily on scalp and trunk, two ears suffering otitis media, oral proliferative ulcers appearing in palate and lower gingival accompanying with the lower teeth loosing in the lesion area, in the meantime, the destruction of madibula on the left side also found out by X-ray, hepatic dysfunction and poor cellular immunity coming along with pertinacious candidosis. The pathologic exam showed histioid cell infiltration, and the immunohistochemical exam showed CDla(+), S-100(+). Diagnosis defined it LSD. According to the case's character and literature review, the clinical features, diagnosis and therapy of LSD were discussed.


Subject(s)
Child , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Male , Skin
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