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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905840


Objective:To quickly analyze and identify the components in raw and wine-processed products of <italic>Polygonatum cyrtonema</italic> (PC) dried rhizomes by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), and then find out the differential components before and after processing. Method:The ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.25 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Electrospray ionization was selected for collection and detection in positive and negative ion modes, and the data were analyzed by PeakView According to the retention time, accurate relative molecular weight and fragmentation ion information provided by MS, and combined with the reference substance and literature, the components were identified. After normalized treatment, the MS data of each sample were analyzed with principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), and then the differential components before and after processing were screened according to the principle that variable importance in the projection (VIP) value was >1. Result:A total of 38 components were identified from raw and wine-processed products of PC dried rhizomes, including 15 steroidal saponins, 6 alkaloids, 3 flavonoids, 2 amino acids, 2 organic acids and 10 others. The results of PCA and OPLS-DA showed that there were significant differences in the contents of components in PC dried rhizomes before and after processing, and 16 differential components such as kingianoside Z, disporopsin and linoleic acid were screened. Conclusion:UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique can accurately and comprehensively identify the components in PC dried rhizomes, these components are mainly steroidal saponins, flavonoids and alkaloids. It takes a great difference in the contents of components before and after processing, and transformation of the same category components is the main reason for the differences of raw and wine-processed products, which will provide reference for the researches on material basis and processing chemistry of PC dried rhizomes.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872810


Platycodonis Radix, which was first recorded in the Agriculture God's Canon of Materia Medica. It is a multi-functional drug with a wide range of applications. The processing of Platycodonis Radix has been recorded as early as in the Jin dynasty, and has a long history of processing. Today, in addition to the washing, cutting and stir-frying with honey, there have also been more than 20 kinds of processing methods, such as stir-frying with wine, stir-frying with bran, stir-frying with Lilii Bulbus juice and so on. The ancients believed that Platycodonis Radix could enhance the effect of diffusing the lung, promoting pharynx and relieving cough by processing. In terms of the chemical compositions in Platycodonis Radix, more than 100 compositions, like triterpenoid saponins, flavonoids, phenols, sterols, polysaccharides and polyacetylenes, have been isolated and identified from it. Among them, triterpenoid saponins are the essential compositions. In addition, Platycodonis Radix has the pharmacological effects of expectorant, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, etc. The medicinal ingredients of Platycodonis Radix are mainly triterpenoid saponins and polysaccharides. Among them, triterpenoid saponins have diverse biological activities, which lead it to be one of the hotspots of current researches. Platycodonis Radix has a good role in promoting lung and removing phlegm. After being processed, its medicinal effects are enhanced. It is complex and diverse in compositions of Platycodonis Radix so that has rich pharmacological activities. On the basis of sorting out the literature, this paper discusses the processing history, chemical composition and pharmacological effect of Platycodonis Radix, in order to provide reference for the special processing and modern research of Platycodonis Radix. Furtherly, it provides a theoretical basis for the research of its processing mechanism and quality control.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284382


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of different doses of berberine on hemodynamic parameters and calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) of diastole heart failure rat models.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The mouse models of diastole heart failure were made by the imcomplete ligation of abdominal aorta. Forty Wistar heart failure rats were divided randomly into four groups, with 10 for each group (n = 10). Heart failure rats were treated according to different doses drugs as follows: Model (natrii chloride 2 mL), berberine (63 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)), berberine (42 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)), berberine (21 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) ig, for each of the four groups respectively, 4 weeks after coarctation of ascending aorta operation; and 10 age matched sham operation group was taken as control (natrii chloridi, 2 mL). After administration four weeks, cardiac function was determined by catheter. Isolate single cardiomyocytes of rat which were loaded with Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent indicator Fluo-3/AM. [Ca2+]i represented by fluorescent intensity [FI] was measured by laser scanning cofocal microscope [LSCM].</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The rats of operation group have no significant changes with those of the control on left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and maximal rising rate of ventricular pressure (+dp/dt(max)), left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was much higher in operation group (P < 0.01), but maximal falling rate of ventricular pressure (-dp/dt(max)) was depressed (P < 0.01), left ventricular relax time constant quantity (T) was markedly extended (P < 0.01). [Ca2+]i level in carkiac muscle cell was elevated markedly (P < 0.05). Compared with operation group, high dose of Ber can decrease LEVDP, improve (-dp/dt(max)) (P < 0.01), decurtate left ventricular relax time constant quantity (P < 0.01) and decrease [Ca2+]i level better than those of middle and low dose group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Berberine is an effective new potent drug for conspicuous symptom relief of heart failure with positive dose dependency and step down [Ca2+]i of myocardial cell.</p>

Animals , Berberine , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Blood Pressure , Calcium , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Heart Failure, Diastolic , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Heart Ventricles , Hemodynamics , Male , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Ventricular Pressure