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Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 378-381, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335275


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical characteristics, influencing factors and outcome of recurrent patients with early stage bulky cervical carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 1(st) 2000 and December 31(st) 2009, 76 patients with stage Ib2 and IIa2 bulky cervical carcinoma developed recurrence and (or) metastasis. The recurrence time, recurrence location, recurrence-related factors, treatment and survival were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median follow up was 44 months (9-137 months). The overall recurrence and (or) metastasis rate was 22.6%. The 1-, 1-2, 3-5 and 5-year recurrence and (or) metastasis rates were 38.2%, 27.6%, 30.3% and 3.9%, respectively. The 5-year survival rate of local recurrence was 34.5%, that of distant metastasis was 23.6%, and that of distant metastasis with synchronous pelvic recurrence was 11.1%, (P = 0.555). The 5-year survival rate of patients who received surgery plus chemotherapy, radiation plus chemotherapy and chemotherapy alone after recurrence and (or) metastasis were 53.3%, 30.7% and 24.6%, respectively (P = 0.686). Univariate analysis demonstrated that tumor recurrence and (or) metastasis in patients of the stage Ib2 and IIa2 bulky cervical carcinoma were influenced by the disease stage, pelvic lymph node metastasis, deep cervical stromal invasion, lymphovascular tumor thrombus and pathological types. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that pelvic lymph node metastasis, lymphovascular tumor thrombus and pathological types were the key factors affecting the recurrence and (or) metastases of the stage Ib2 and IIa2 bulky cervical carcinoma. Subgroup analysis showed that pelvic lymph node metastasis and stage were the main factors affecting the local recurrence in those patients, and the pathological type, vascular tumor thrombus and pelvic lymph node metastasis were the main factors affecting the distant metastasis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Recurrence and(or) metastasis of early stage bulky cervical cancer are mostly happened within 2 years post operation. Patients with pelvic lymph node metastasis have high probability to develop local recurrence and distant metastasis. Patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma and lymphovascular tumor thrombus are more likely to develop distant metastasis. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy does not decrease local recurrence and distant metastasis in patients with stage Ib2 and IIa2 bulky cervical carcinoma. Individualized treatment is advised for recurrent patients.</p>

Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hysterectomy , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Neoplasm Staging , Pelvis , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Survival Rate , Tumor Burden , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Therapeutics
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 710-713, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295252


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the prognostic factors of recurrent ovarian epithelial carcinoma and to analyze the curative effect of post-relapse treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical records of 293 patients with ovarian epithelial carcinoma were reviewed retrospectively. There were 199 recurrent cases during the following up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the 199 patients received chemotherapy. And 173 patients only received chemotherapy. 16 patients received surgery and chemotherapy and the other 10 patients received radiotherapy and chemotherapy. 158 patients received platinum-based chemotherapy again and 41 patients received chemotherapy without platinum. The response rate of all the patients was 43.7% (87/199), the response rate of only chemotherapy was 39.9% (69/173), the response rate of surgery and chemotherapy was 75.0% (12/16), and the response rate of radiotherapy and chemotherapy was 60.0% (6/10). The patients were divided into four groups according to the progression free interval (PFI). The response rates in groups that PFI < or = 6 months, 7 - 12 months, 13 - 24 months and > 24 months were 5.1%, 47.2%, 82.1% and 96.0%, respectively. The median survival time in the 16 patients received second cyto-reductive surgery was 41 months. Multivariate analysis revealed that PFI was significantly correlated with prognosis of recurrent ovarian epithelial carcinoma (OR = 0.589, P = 0.021).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PFI is an individual prognostic factor for survival of recurrent ovarian epithelial carcinoma. PFI is significantly associated with the response rate of chemotherapy. Optimal secondary cytoreductive surgery may improve the overall survival of recurrent patients. The response rate of paclitaxel plus platinum chemotherapy in platinum-sensitive patients is higher than that of other platinum-based chemotherapy.</p>

Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cisplatin , Combined Modality Therapy , Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Neoplasm, Residual , Ovarian Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Radiotherapy , General Surgery , Paclitaxel , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate