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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1440-1444, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924730

ABSTRACT

Indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an important immunoregulatory enzyme, which can degrade the level of the mammalian essential amino acid tryptophan (TRP), catalyze the initiation and rate-limiting steps through the kynurenine pathway, and produce a variety of metabolites to participate in the immune response. On the one hand, IDO plays an immunosuppressive role in microenvironment and thus leads to infection and immune escape of tumor cells; on the other hand, IDO also exerts an inhibitory effect on the pathogens such as bacteria and parasites and thus protects the body from the harm of pathogens to a certain extent. Therefore, IDO is considered an important medium with the role of a double-edged sword in the development and progression of various liver diseases. This article reviews the latest research advances in IDO in viral hepatitis, liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, and hepatic echinococcosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923379

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the clinical effect of tubeless 3 mm ultra-fine thoracoscope combined with needle electrocoagulation hook thoracic sympathicotomy in the treatment of primary palmar hyperhidrosis. Methods    The clinical data of 77 patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis who underwent surgery in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from September 2017 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 50 males and 27 females, with an average age of 23.60±5.60 years. A total of 36 patients were treated with tubeless 3 mm ultra-fine thoracoscopic electrocoagulation hook thoracic sympathicotomy (an observation group), and 41 patients were treated with conventional thoracoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy (a control group). The baseline data, perioperative data and the results of 12 hours after operation were compared between the two groups. Results    All the 77 patients completed the operation successfully, no conversion to thoracotomy, no intraoperative bleeding, and no conversion to endotracheal intubation in the observation group. In the observation group, the time of anesthesia before operation [19.00 (17.00, 23.75) min vs. 25.00 (21.00, 27.00) min, P=0.001] and postoperative hospital stay [2.00 (1.00, 2.00) d vs. 2.00 (1.00, 3.00) d, P=0.012] were shorter than those in the control group. The operation time [22.50 (21.00, 25.75) min vs. 26.00 (23.50, 28.50) min, P=0.001], intraoperative blood loss [5.00 (2.25, 5.00) mL vs. 6.00 (5.00, 10.00) mL, P=0.003], postoperative pain index [2.00 (1.00, 2.00) vs. 3.00 (2.00, 3.00), P=0.001], hospitalization cost (14 246.58±879.28 yuan vs. 15 085.90±827.15 yuan, P<0.001) and postoperative inflammation index: white blood cell count [(12.96±2.32)×109/L vs. (14.47±2.05)×109/L, P=0.003], percentage of neutrophils (76.31%±5.40% vs. 79.97%±7.12%, P=0.014) were significantly lower or less than those in the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of major postoperative complications or adverse consequences between the two groups (P>0.05). In the evaluation of 12 hours after operation, the time of getting out of bed [2.00 (1.00, 2.00) h vs. 2.00 (2.00, 3.00) h, P=0.017], the time of drinking water after operation [1.50 (1.00, 2.00) h vs. 2.00 (1.00, 3.00) h, P=0.005], and the heart rate (80.25±14.42 bpm vs. 91.07±15.08 bpm, P=0.002), the incidence of dizziness, nausea and other uncomfortable symptoms (5.6% vs. 25.0%, P=0.040) at 12 hours after operation were shorter or lower than those in the control group. There was no significant difference in blood oxygen saturation (non-inhaled oxygen state) 12 hours after the operation between the two groups [97.00% (95.25%, 98.00%) vs. 97.00% (96.00%, 98.00%), P=0.763]. Conclusion    Compared with conventional thoracoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy, tubeless 3 mm ultra-fine thoracoscopic electrocoagulation hook thoracic sympathicotomy can significantly shorten the operation time, reduce postoperative pain and promote postoperative recovery, in line with the concept of accelerated rehabilitation surgery and minimally invasive surgery, and is worth popularizing in clinical practice.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1434-1442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878645

ABSTRACT

Deepening the ideological and political construction of curriculum and carrying out the fundamental task of cultivating people with morality are the important requirements of education reform and talent cultivation in the new era. Microbiology Experiment is an important basic course and core practice course of Bioengineering, Pharmaceutical Engineering, Food Science and Engineering, et al. In order to give full play to the education function of Microbiology Experiment, this article deeply developed the ideological elements contained in the curriculum referring to the guidelines for the construction of ideological and political courses in institutions of higher education. And the article explored the ideological and political reform of Microbiology Experiment from three aspects: teaching content reform, teaching method innovation and improvement of teachers' ideological and political construction ability. Strive to integrate the value shaping, knowledge transference and ability training, cultivate high-quality professionals with firm ideals and beliefs.


Subject(s)
Curriculum , Humans , Universities
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level and clinical significance of NLRP3 inflammasome associated protein and inflammatory factors in hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE).Methods:A total of 21 HAE patients (case group) and 40 healthy subjects (health group) who underwent surgical treatment in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University from January 2018 to August 2018 were selected and separated into case group and healthy group. In the case group, 12 were males and 9 were females, aged (35.20±7.50) years; in the healthy group, there were 24 males and 16 females, aged (35.19±14.48) years old. The expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and IL-33 in normal liver tissues and the nodule tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression of IL-1β, IL-18 and IL-33 was detected in the serum of patients by ELISA. Statistical method was used to analyze the difference of each test index between the two groups.Results:The positivity and intensity of NLRP3, Caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-33 in marginal lesion tissue were more than normal liver tissue, while IL-18 was weaker. The differences were significant ( P<0.05). ELISA assay showed that the expression level of IL-33 in the case group was higher than that in the healthy group [177.88(168.87, 192.92) pg/ml vs 171.78(161.80, 181.93) pg/ml] with significant differences ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the levels of IL-1β and IL-18 in serum between case group and healthy group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The abnormal expression of NLRP3 inflammasome associated protein and inflammatory factor in HAE suggested that the inflammatory body may be involved in the progression of the disease.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1247-1250, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) on expression of phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signal pathway in rats with intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (IRI) injury. Methods:Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into sham operation group (Sham group), IRI group, and H 2S precursor sodium hydrosuphide (NaHS) intervention group (IRI+NaHS group) by random number table method, with 10 rats in each group. The animal model of IRI was established by 60 minutes superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blockage with non-invasive vascular clamp and 120 minutes reflow. SMA was dissociated and peritoneum cavity was closed in Sham group. The rats in IRI+NaHS group was received NaHS (100 μmol/kg bolus+1.07 mmol·kg -1·h -1 infusion) 10 minutes prior to the onset of reperfusion, while the rats in IRI group and Sham group were received equal volume of normal sodium. Blood in vena cava was collected. H 2S was detected by sensitive sulfide electrode. Rats were sacrificed after blood collection. Histopathology change was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, ileal pathological score was studied by Chiu score. The protein expressions of phosphated Akt (p-Akt), Akt, PI3K, cleaved caspase-9, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) were determined by Western Blot. Results:Compared with the Sham group, there was intestinal mucosa structure disorder edema and shedding villous fracture in the IRI group. Ileal pathological score in IRI group was significantly increased (4.21±0.15 vs. 0.15±0.03, P < 0.01), while plasma H 2S in IRI group was significantly decreased (μmol/L: 26.72±3.17 vs. 38.34±5.24, P < 0.01). Ileal p-Akt, PI3K, caspase-9 and mTOR protein in IRI group were significantly increased (p-Akt/GAPDH: 2.67±0.12 vs. 0.24±0.05, PI3K/GAPDH: 1.42±0.07 vs. 0.57±0.08, caspase-9/GAPDH: 4.23±0.61 vs. 0.13±0.02, mTOR/GAPDH: 2.17±0.23 vs. 0.23±0.02, all P < 0.01). Compared with the IRI group, pathological changes of intestinal mucosa in the IRI+NaHS group was improved, ileal pathological score was significantly decreased (1.56±0.02 vs. 4.21±0.15, P < 0.01), plasma H 2S was significantly increased (μmol/L: 32.36±2.45 vs. 26.72±3.17, P < 0.01) and ileal p-Akt, PI3K were significantly increased (p-Akt/GAPDH: 5.12±0.08 vs. 2.67±0.12, PI3K/GAPDH: 3.14±0.05 vs. 1.42±0.07, both P < 0.01), while caspase-9, mTOR in IRI+NaHS group were significantly decreased (caspase-9/GAPDH: 2.12±0.24 vs. 4.23±0.61, mTOR/GAPDH: 1.37±0.28 vs. 2.17±0.23, both P < 0.01). Conclusion:H 2S attenuates intestinal injury in IRI rats by up-regulating PI3K/Akt signal pathway and down-regulating caspase-9 and mTOR.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754583

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Siweiyuganzi prescription on anti-peroxidation and blood lipid levels in experimental rats with hyperlipidemia. Methods Sixty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into normal control group, hyperlipidemia model group, Xuezhikang group, Siweiyuganzi prescription large, medium and small dose group according to the random number table method, with 10 rats in each group. The hyperlipidemia rat model was established by intragastric feeding with high fat emulsion everyday 10 mL·kg-1·d-1; normal saline 10 mL/kg was given to the normal control group, twice a day by intragastric feeding; 3 dosages of Siweiyuganzi suspended fluid 12.8, 6.4, 4.3 g·kg-1·d-1 intragastric administrations were given to Siweiyuganzi prescription large, medium and small dose groups respectively; Xuezhikang suspended fluid 0.3 g·kg-1·d-1 was given to Xuezhikang group intragastrically;the same volume of normal saline was given to hyperlipidemia model group. After 4 weeks, the level changes of blood lipid, serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), malonaldehyde (MDA), hydroxymethylglutaryl Coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) were observed. Results Compared to those in the normal control group, the levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), MDA, content and positive expression of HMG-CoA, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were all higher in hyperlipidemia model group [TG (mmol/L): 6.59±0.72 vs. 4.32±0.36, TC (mmol/L): 7.10±0.25 vs. 5.98±0.40, LDL-C (mmol/L): 4.18±1.30 vs. 2.33±0.35, MDA (μmol/L): 26.05± 5.99 vs. 10.08±1.98, HMG-CoA content (ng/L): 54.60±2.90 vs. 48.73±3.09, HMG-CoA positive expression in liver tissue:(57.80±12.30)% vs. (22.00±4.92)%, ALT (U/L): 106.83±15.75 vs. 81.97±13.18]; SOD and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in hyperlipidemia model group were significantly decreased [SOD (kU/L): 295.47±37.51 vs. 345.13±19.76, HDL-C (mmol/L): 2.32±0.49 vs. 4.84±0.45, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the hyperlipidemia model group, the TG, TC, LDL-C, MDA, contents and positive expression of HMG-CoA in each group were significantly reduced, and the SOD and HDL-C were obviously increased, and the changes in the Siweiyuganzi high dose group were more significant than those of the Siweiyuganzi middle-and low-dose groups [TG (mmol/L): 4.70±0.46 vs. 5.40±0.31, 5.70±0.41, TC (mmol/L): 5.80±0.23 vs. 6.14±0.20, 6.56±0.32, LDL-C (mmol/L): 2.56±0.45 vs. 2.93±0.33, 3.28±0.32, HDL-C (mmol/L): 4.58±0.28 vs. 3.89±0.30, 3.59±0.08, SOD (kU/L): 381.45±20.68 vs. 360.60±30.16, 325.49±32.13, MDA (μmol/L): 16.98±5.39 vs. 17.89±5.37, 21.03±6.01, HMG-CoA content (ng/L): 50.58±0.77 vs. 52.16±0.66, 52.90±0.91, HMG-CoA positive expression in liver tissue: (27.90±6.03)% vs. (32.20±7.00)%, (43.00±8.39)%, all P < 0.05]. In the normal control group, there were positive cells scattered in the central vein area and loosely distributed around the portal area in the rat liver; in the hyperlipidemia model group, the positive cells were increased in the central vein area and the cells in relatively great number were seen around the portal area. While the positive cells in Xuezhikang group and in the high, medium and low dose Siweiyuganzi groups were decreased. Conclusion Siweiyuganzi prescription can regulate the levels of blood lipids, prevent and treat the lipid peroxidation caused by hyperlipidemia, and inhibit excessive expression of HMG-CoA in experimental rats with hyperlipidemia.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708464

ABSTRACT

Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis is a kind of zoonosis with poor prognosis.At present,the diagnosis and treatment are mainly based on ultrasound,CT diagnosis,MRI and other classical imaging by detecting the terminal effects of the changes on the cell molecules of the disease itself,the organ anatomy changes.However,it is found that the above imaging techniques have limitations in the diagnosis and treatment.For example,the infiltration zone of the lesion is not clear and the degree of biological activity can not be determined.This leads to a higher recurrence rate in the late stage of clinical treatment.In recent years,the molecular imaging shows the abnormal cell and molecular level in the disease process has been developed rapidly.This has led to several diagnosis and treatment problems related to liver vesicular disease.This paper mainly reviews the research results of the disease in the field of molecular imaging and the development direction of this field in the future,to provide guidance for future clinical and scientific research.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 20-23, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666106

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between female age,menstrual status and the density of breast fibrous glandular tissue. Methods A total of 1 734 subjects with mammography examination were retrospectively analyzed,who were with 28 to 30 d menstrual cycle,or underwent natural menopause for more than 1 years,or with at least one side of the breast had no lesions,from October 2015 to August 2016 in Medical University Of Tianjin Cancer Hospital. At the same time, another 139 cases with mammography examination were treated as nonnatural menopause group, who received hysterectomy or postoperative chemotherapy of breast cancer. The breast fibrous gland tissue density of each subject was automatically calculated by the computer aided diagnosis system. One thousand seven hundred and thirty four subjects were divided into 4 groups according to age,including≤35 years old group(n=217),36 to 45 years old group(n=533),46 to 55 years old group(n=491),≥56 years old group(n=493),and was divided into premenopausal group(n=1 015)and natural postmenopausal group(n=719)according to the menstrual status.The premenopausal group was further divided into four subgroups:menstruation(n=158),one week after menstruation(n=311),two weeks after menstruation(n=316),and one week before menstruation(n=230). According to the status of menopause, the nonnatural postmenopausal group was divided into hysterectomy group(n=62)and drug menopause group(n=77)because of the postoperative chemotherapy of breast cancer. Pearson method was used to evaluate the correlation between age and breast fibrous glandular tissue density.A single factor analysis of variance was used to compare the differences in tissue density of subjects from different age groups and subjects from different menstrual status groups. The independent sample t test was used to compare the difference of the breast fibrous glandular tissue density between the premenopausal group and the natural postmenopausal group and between the nonnatural menopause group and the natural postmenopausal group.Results The tissue density differences of subjects from different age groups were statistically significant, and the tissue density of ≥56 years old group was lower compared to the other groups(P<0.05).A moderately negative correlation was presented between age and breast fibrous glandular tissue density(r=-0.456,P<0.01).The breast fibrous glandular tissue density of the premenopausal group was higher than that of natural postmenopausal group [(20.11 ± 8.54)% vs. (11.30±6.05)%,t=25.138,P<0.05].As to the different menstrual status,there was a significant differences between one week after menstruation subgroup and one week before menstruation subgroup(P<0.05).The density of fibrous glandular tissues in the hysterectomy group and the drug menopause group was(16.27± 6.91)% and(15.44±7.31)%, respectively. There was significant difference between drug postmenopausal group and natural postmenopausal group(t=-5.592, P<0.05). Conclusions Breast fibrous glandular tissue density decreases with the age. The breast fibrous glandular tissue density of the premenopausal women is significantly higher than that of natural postmenopausal women.The breast fibrous glandular tissue density of one week after menstruation is lower than that of the one week before menstruation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711483

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the recurrence and risk factors of gastric high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia(HGIN)and early gastric cancer(EGC)after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Methods The clinical and follow-up data on 444 patients(451 lesion)with HGIN and EGC undergoing ESD in Digestive Endoscopy Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from November 2006 to January 2016 were summarized, and the risk factors of recurrence were analyzed. Results A total of 410 patients were followed-up, and the recurrence rate was 3.2%(13 patients, 13 lesions), with mean recurrence time of 17.6±9.6 months(6-38 months). Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that the size of the lesion>4.0 cm was the only risk factor of recurrence(P=0.012,OR=10.855,95%CI:1.673~70.442). Conclusion The rate of recurrence is increasing with the EGC extending, therefore, postoperative monitoring should be strengthened to patients with larger lesion.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618340

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the relationship between HPV infection and p53,p16,EGFR expression and prognosis in patients with salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC).Methods Totally 76 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma specimens were selected,PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization was used to detect infection of HPV and SP immunohistochemical method was adopted to detect the expression of p53,p16,EGFR,Cdc2 in tumor tissues.Clinical data were collected and all the patients were followed up.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate median overall survival and the Log-rank test to compare survival curves.Cox regression model was used for multivariate analyses.Results Infection rate of HPV in adenoid cystic carcinoma tissues was 0(0/76).The expression rate of p53,p16,EGFR,Cdc2 protein in adenoid cystic carcinoma tissues were 76.3% (58/76),57.9% (44/76),60.5% (46/76) and 64.5% (49/76)respectively.There was no correlation of the expression of p53,p16,EGFR and Cdc2 with gender,age,tumor location,TNM stage and histological type of patient.Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that EGFR-positive patients had shorter median overall survival rate (OS) than the negative ones (x2 =19.111,P < 0.001).EGFR-positive patients had shorter median progression-free survival rate (PFS)than the negative ones (x2 =6.621,P < O.01).Cdc2 positive patients had shorter median OS than the negative ones (x2 =3.870,P < 0.05).Cdc2 positive patients had shorter median PFS than the negative ones (x2 =6.755,P <0.01).Cox regression analysis showed that expression of EGFR and Cdc2 was independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with salivary gland ACC (relativerisk=13.417,13.075,P<0.001).Conclusion There is no HPV infection detected in adenoid cystic carcinoma tissues.p53,p16,EGFR and Cdc2 are positively expressed in most salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma,p16 is unsuitable as a surrogate for HPV infection status of patient with ACC.Expression of EGFR and Cdc2 is independent risk factors in the prognosis of patients with salivary gland ACC.For the EGFR or Cdc2 positive patients should be followed up closely.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611508

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical value and safety of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for duodenal lesions.Methods The data of 12 patients with duodenal space-occupying lesions underwent EMR or ESD from January 2010 to December 2015 in Chinese PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analysed.Results All patients received operation, including 9 male and 3 female with mean age of 50.0 years(33.0-62.0 years).There were 8 lesions in duodenal bulb and 4 in descending part.The mean diameter of the lesions was 1.2 cm (0.5-3.0 cm).Three lesions were originated from mucosa, of which 2 were high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and 1 was villous/tubular adenoma.Nine lesions were located in submucosa, including 3 cases of neuroendocrine neoplasm, 1 case of stromal tumor, 1 liomyoma case, 1 lipoma case, 1 case of Brunner glands adenoma, 1 case of ectopic pancreas, and 1 inflammatory lesion.One patient had perforation with rate of 8.3%(1/12) and was recovered after conserved treatment.The bleeding was very little during operation.No infection or stenosis happened.The mean hospitalized time was 6.0 days (1.0-12.0 days) after operation.No recurrence was found during 23.8 months(3.0-73.0 months) of follow-up.Conclusion EMR and ESD are effective and safe for treatment of duodenal space-occupying lesions.

12.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 348-352, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611438

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of marriage quality intervention in peer education model among women with breast cancer.Methods Marginal quality questionnaire was used to assess in the intervention and control groups during the perioperative period.There had 120 breast cancer patients in the intervention group and 135 normal subjects for control group.The patients were followed by the peer education model and the marriage and quality education during the chemotherapy period.The marriage quality questionnaires were carried out one year after the operation.Results Marital satisfaction(38.73±7.45),couples communication(38.12±7.03)and sex life(36.77±6.96)were significantly higher than those of the patients who participated in the traditional health education group after 1 year of operation.The control subjects with traditional health education had lower satisfaction of marital life(32.59±9.29),husband and wife communication(34.41±7.39)and sexual life(32.59±6.59)in one year after surgery(P<0.001).The scores of marital satisfaction,husband and wife communication,and sex scores were significantly lower in patients with traditional health education after 1 year of operation(P<0.001).Conclusion Marriage quality interventions in the peer education model can effectively affect the marital quality of postoperative patients with breast cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609541

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) gray scale median (GSM) in quantitative evaluation of the drug treatment of carotid plaques.Methods Eighty-one patients with 93 carotid plaques were enrolled from May 2015 to October 2015.Patients were received 3D-US,3.0T MRI and blood lipid examination including total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride (TG),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C) before drug treatment.After atorvastatin therapy with a daily dose of 20mg for 6-12 months,3D-US and blood lipid examination were repeated,and 55 patients were followed successfully with a total of 62 plaques obtained.According to data acquired by MRI and 3D-US before treatment,the patients were divided into low-risk group,medium risk group,and high-risk group.The differences of GSM value and blood lipid levels were compared among groups and the changes of these parameters before and after the treatment in each group were compared.Results There was no significantly difference in serum TC,TG,LDL-C and HDL-C levels among the groups before treatment.After treatment,the serum TC and LDL-C levels were significantly lower than those before(P <0.05),the differences of TG and HDL-C levels were not significant,and the LDL-C level in high-risk group was significantly lower than those in other groups(P <0.05).The GSM values in of high-risk and medium-risk group were significantly increased after drug treatment than those of before (33.87 ± 6.53 vs 27.50 ± 7.82,47.35 ± 5.42 vs 44.56 ± 4.36,P <0.05),and had no significantly change in low risk group(62.01 ± 10.68 vs 63.13 ± 10.41,P >0.05).The difference of GSM between before and after treatment in each group was negatively correlated with the difference of LDL-C (r =-0.28,P =0.03).Conclusions Three-Dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) gray scale median (GSM) can be a reliable parameter in clinic quantitative evaluation drug treatment of carotid plaques,and has a better value especially for high-risk and medium-risk plaques.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711978

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively evaluate the vulnerability of carotid plaques in patients with acute ischemic cerebral infarction by using Gray-scale median (GSM) based on Three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US).Methods Totally 207 patients were examined with carotid plaques in the PLA Army General Hospital from December 2015 to August 2016,including 102 patients with acute cerebralischemic stroke (cerebral infarction group) and 105 patients without cerebral infarction (control group).The Vascular plaque quantification (VPQ) software was applied to acquire GSM value of carotid plaques automatically.Results The GSM value of carotid plaques in cerebral infarction group was significantly lower than that in control group (44.78± 11.58 vs 54.36± 11.99,t=7.70,P < 0.01),and the low density lipoprotein in the cerebral infarction group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(3.51 ± 1.20) mmol/L vs (3.10± 1.07) mmol/L,t=1.58,P < 0.05].There was no significant difference between the two groups in age,gender,body mass index,smoking,drinking,history of diabetes,history of hypertension,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,triglyceride,total cholesterol,high density lipoprotein,plaque thickness,plaque area stenosis rate and plaque volume (all P > 0.05).Conclusion The GSM value of carotid plaques based on 3D-US-VPQ technology can effectively reflect the vulnerability of carotid plaques,and may be valuable in the risk assessment of carotid plaques.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 217-220, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487293

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the change in endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in patients with acute pancreatitis and its relationship to coagulation function. Methods A prospective case control study was conducted. Forty patients with mild acute pancreatitis (MAP group) and 40 with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP group) admitted to Yiwu Central Hospital in Zhejiang Province from December 2002 to March 2015 were enrolled. Forty healthy persons served as control (healthy control group). Blood was collected to determine the levels of H2S, blood coagulation factor Ⅷ (FⅧ), von Willebrand factor (vWF), plasminogen (PLG), antithrombin (AT), platelet count (PLT), tissue factor (TF), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and protease activated receptor-1 (PAR-1). The correlations among the above parameters were analyzed. Results There was no statistical significance in sex, age, body weight and time of disease among three groups, indicating it was comparable among the groups. Compared with healthy control group, the levels of H2S, FⅧ, vWF, TF, TNF-α, and PAR-1 in MAP and SAP groups were significantly elevated [H2S (μmol/L): 67.42±6.34, 112.47±12.69 vs. 42.57±4.18, FⅧ: (67.5±5.8)%, (82.3±4.7)% vs. (57.2±6.4)%, vWF: (112.6±9.7)%, (142.5±12.5)% vs. (76.4±8.2)%, TF (ng/L): 45.27±4.34, 64.76±6.25 vs. 18.15±1.89, TNF-α (ng/L): 197.67±13.62, 324.72±25.54 vs. 20.08±2.57, PAR-1 (fluorescence intensity): 32.16±4.43, 56.12±7.07 vs. 12.27±2.12, all P < 0.01], and PLG and AT activity were significantly decreased [PLG: (52.4±4.7)%, (36.7±3.2)% vs. (62.1±5.6)%, AT: (43.2±6.9)%, (35.5±5.4)% vs. (53.6±6.1)%, all P < 0.01]. The changes in the parameters in SAP group were more remarkable than those in MAP group (all P < 0.01). PLT in SAP group was significantly lower than that in healthy control and MAP groups (×109/L: 8.5±1.1 vs. 15.7±2.8, 12.4±1.9, both P < 0.01). H2S was positively correlated with FⅧ, vWF, TF, TNF-α, and PAR-1 (r value was 0.56, 0.61, 0.72, 0.66, 0.64, respectively, all P < 0.01), and it was negatively correlated with PLG and AT (r value was -0.64, -0.57, both P < 0.01). Conclusion As an inflammatory factor, endogenous H2S deteriorates coagulation function in patients with acute pancreatitis by up-regulating TF, TNF-α, and PAR-1.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 252-256, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487231

ABSTRACT

Objective Studies show that miRNA plays an important role in regulating the development, metastasis, inva-sion, and angiogenesis of carcinoma.This study aimed to investigate the expression of miR-155-5p in esophageal squamous cell carci-noma ( ESCC) and its role in the occurrence and progression of ESCC. Methods We collected 20 surgical specimens of ESCC and another 20 from the adjacent normal tissue at least 5 cm from the lesion and determined the expression of miR-155-5p in the tissues by qPCR.We transfected the miR-155-5p mimic, inhibitor and negative control plasmid into the Eca109 cells, measured the proliferation and apoptosis of the cells by CCK8 assay and flow cytometry, and examined their migration using the scratch test. Results The ex-pression of miR-155-5p was significantly up-regulated in the ESCC tissue as compared with that in the normal tissue (529.42% vs 100%, P<0.05).The scratch test showed a markedly increased migration of the cancer cells when miR-155-5p was overexpressed. No remarkable differences were observed in the apoptosis rates of the cells transfected with the miR-155-5p mimic ([5.43 ± 3.09]%), inhibitor ([5.28 ±1.98]%), and negative control plasmid ([5.67 ±1.99]%) (P<0.05). Conclusion The ex-pression of miR-155-5p is significantly up-regulated in the ESCC tissue, which may act as a potential maker for the diagnosis of ESCC. The up-regulated expression of miR-155-5p does not significantly in-fluence the proliferation and apoptosis but enhances the migration of Eca109 cells, which may be related to early metastasis of ESCC.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486766

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on the expression of MAPKs and ileal epithelial cell apoptosis in the rats with intestinal ischemia-reperfusion ( I/R) injury.METHODS:Healthy female Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, I/R group, I/R+sodium hydrosulfide ( NaHS) group .The animal model of intestinal ischemia reperfusion was established.Apoptosis index ( AI) of ileal epithelial cell was measured by TUNEL assay.H2 S was detected by sensitive sulfide electrode.The mRNA expression of ERK, JNK and p38MAPK was detected by RT-PCR.The protein levels of phosphorylation( p)-ERK, p-JNK, p-NF-κB P65 and p38MAPK were deter-mined by Western blot.RESULTS:H2 S, ERK mRNA and p-ERK in I/R group were significantly higher than those in I/R+NaHS group and sham group while JNK mRNA, p38MAPK mRNA, p-JNK, p-p38MAPK, p-NF-κB P65 and AI were predominantly higher than those in I/R+NaHS group and sham group (P<0.01).CONCLUSION:H2S attenuates ileal epithelial cell apoptosis in the rats with intestinal I/R injury by down-regulating ERK mRNA p-ERk and up-regulating JNK mRNA, p38MAPK mRNA and phosphorylation of JNK, p38MAPK and NF-κB P65.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277224

ABSTRACT

The simple and effective controlled needle devices were provided for acupuncture clinical trial so that the double blind acupuncture trial could be conducted possibly. The basic structure of filiform needle was modified. The needle handle was designed as hollow, the upper 1/3 of needle body as hollow and the lower 2/3 part as solid. The upper and lower parts were linked with an elastic unit. At the same time, the needle pad was attached. With this method, the new sham-acupuncture device was designed and developed. The new sham-acupuncture device could simulate needle insertion, manipulation and the techniques of reinforcing and reducing, without inserting into the human body. This innovation lays the foundation for perfecting the clinical randomized controlled blind trial of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Equipment Design , Needles
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465511

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the efficacy of wrist-ankle acupuncture plus auricular point sticking in treating pre-exam anxiety syndrome.MethodSixty patients with pre-exam anxiety syndrome were randomized into a treatment group to receive wrist-ankle acupuncture plus auricular point sticking (30 cases, 11 cases dropped out) and a control group to receive auricular point sticking (30 cases, 1 dropped out). In the treatment group, the bilateral Upper 1 zones were punctured regarding the wrist-ankle acupuncture, and for the auricular point sticking, Heart (CO 15), ear Shenmen (TF 4), Endocrine (CO 18), Adrenal Gland (TG 2p), Subcortex (AT 4) were selected. In the controlgroup, the same auricular points were treated. For both groups, the intervention began from 1 week prior to the exam, 3 d as a treatment course, and the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated after 2 successive courses. The Sarason Test Anxiety Scale (TAS) and autonomic function test were used to assess the anxiety severity before and after treatment. ResultThe total effective rate was 84.2% (16/19) in the treatment group versus 82.8% (24/29) in the control group, and the difference was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). The TAS score dropped significantly in the control group after intervention (P<0.01).ConclusionWrist-ankle acupuncture plus auricular point sticking and auricular point sticking alone both can effectively improve the symptoms of pre-exam anxietysyndrome.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475152

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of yin-yang acupuncture in association with respiratory reducing-reinforcing needling manipulations on the gait cycle in patients with post-stroke hemiplegia. Methods Sixty patients with ischemic stroke were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 30 each. The control group was intervened by conventional medication, while based on which the treatment group was additionally given yin-yang acupuncture in association with respiratory reducing-reinforcing needling manipulations. The kinematic time parameters were evaluated before intervention and after 28-day treatment. Results After intervention, the stance phase of the affected side and the healthy side, ambulation cycle, swinging phase of the affected side and the healthy side, and the stance phase of both limbs in the treatment group were significantly different from that in the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion Yin-yang acupuncture in association with respiration reducing-reinforcing needling manipulations can effectively improve the gait cycle and ambulation function of the patients with post-stroke hemiplegia.

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