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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928439

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genomic variation characteristics of fetal with abnormal serological screening, and to further explore the value of copy number variation (CNV) detection technology in prenatal diagnosis of fetal with abnormal serological screening.@*METHODS@#7617 singleton pregnant women who underwent amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis solely due to abnormal Down's serological screening were selected. According to the results of serological screening, the patients were divided into high risk group, borderline risk group and single abnormal multiple of median (MOM) group. CMA and CNV-Seq were used to detect the copy number variation of amniotic fluid cell genomic DNA and combined with amniotic fluid cell karyotype analysis for prenatal diagnosis. Outpatient revisit combined with telephone inquiry was used for postnatal follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Among 7617 amniotic fluid samples, aneuploidy was detected in 138cases (1.81%) by CMA and CNV-Seq, 9 cases of aneuploid chimerism were detected by amniotic fluid cell karyotype analysis, and 203 cases of fetus carrying pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV (P/LP CNV) were detected, the variant of uncertain significance (VUS) was detected in 437 cases (5.7%), the overall abnormal detection rate was 10.33%. The detection rate of aneuploidy by CMA and CNV-Seq in three group were 123 cases (2.9%), 13 cases (1.3%) and 2 cases (0.4%), respectively,and showing no significant difference (χ 2=7.469, P=0.024). The detection rate of pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV in three group were 163cases (2.6%); 24 cases (2.6%) and 16 cases (3.3%), respectively, and showing no significant difference (χ 2=0.764, P=0.682). The CMA reported 2.9% (108/3729)P/LP CNV, and CNV-seq reported 2.4% (95/3888)P/LP CNV, both tests showed similar detective capabilities (χ 2=1.504, P=0.22).The most popular P/LP CNV in this cohort were Xp22.31 microdeletion, 16p13.11 microduplication /microdeletion, 22q11.21 microduplication /microdeletion. In fetuses with P/LP CNV CNV, 59 fetuses were terminated pregnancy, and 32 of 112 fetuses born had abnormal clinical manifestations. Non-medically necessary termination of pregnancy occurred in 11 fetuses carrying VUS CNV, 322 fetuses carrying VUS CNV were born, 4 of them presented abnormal clinical manifestations.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional chromosome karyotype, CMA and CNV-Seq can improve the detection rate of pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV. CMA and CNV-seq can be used for first tier diagnosis of pregnant women in the general population with abnormal Down's serological screening.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid , Aneuploidy , Chromosome Aberrations , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Genomics , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnant Women , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Technology
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 919-924, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911150

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the etiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment strategy of Lesch Nyhan syndrome.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 2 patients with severe dyskinesia, mental retardation and complicated renal calculi who were admitted to the first people's Hospital of Zhengzhou in August 2019. Case 1, male, 9 years old, had multiple urinary calculi for 1 year. The patient came to the local hospital because double multiple kidney stones and bladder stonesa year ago. The patient had been treated with transurethral holmium laser lithotripsy for bladder stones. The results of infrared spectrum showed that the bladder stone was anhydrous uric acid stone. A week ago, color Doppler ultrasound showed multiple kidney stones and bladder stones. The patient was underdeveloped, mentally retarded and had a full-term cesarean section. There was no history of hypoxia, asphyxia and rescue of the patient. He had the following clinical manifestations: In the waking state, he was no language response to any stimulation. The nasolabial fold on the right was shallow and the corner of the mouth was oblique to the left. He lost the large movements such as lifting head, sitting alone, standing. The trunk showed torsion spasticity, limb muscle strength 2-3, limbs showing spastic hypertonia, limb joints stiff, hands showing fist-like, no involuntary movement and muscle fasciculation. The biceps reflex and knee tendon reflex were not elicited, and the pathological reflex was positive. Serum uric acid was 517 μmol/L. The Case 2 came from the same family, male, 6 years old, had the similar symptoms to his elder brother case 1. The family members complained on behalf of the child about intermittent fever for more than 2 years. The imaging examination of case 2 revealed kidney stones. Serum uric acid was 373 μmol/L. Whole Exome Sequencing and Sanger Sequencing were used to find the genetic causes of the two siblings. The NCBI-Homologene database was used to find the homologous sequence of the human HPRT1 gene, and the human HPRT1 gene sequence was compared with other species to analyze the protein conservation. The online website PredictProtein (http: //www.predactprotein) was used to predict the two-dimensional structure of the HPRT1 gene. The reported cases were summarized and same with the treatment plan.Results:A De novo mutation [c.571T>G(p.Tyr191Asp)] was found in the HPRT1 gene of the child, which was inherited from the mother. Lesch Nyhan syndrome can be diagnosed by the results of gene examination combined with clinical manifestations. The amino acid Tyr at the 191 position and the amino acids before and after it were highly conserved. Amino acid 191 was involved in the β-strand of the protein. We treated the patients with the lowest dose of allopurinol and children's conventional dose of potassium sodium bicitrate granules, and low purine diet. After 3 months of treatment, the serum uric acid was decreased, and the urinary calculi did not increase significantly.Conclusions:Combining with the clinical manifestations of children, HPRT1 gene might be the cause of pediatric disease and the two siblings could be diagnosed as Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. For such patients, the lowest dose of allopurinol and children's conventional dose of potassium sodium hydrogen citrate granule combined with diet could be more effective.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with non-syndromic cleft lip and cleft palate (NSCLP).@*METHODS@#With informed consent obtained, members of the pedigree were subjected to clinical examination and history taking to exclude syndromic cleft lip and palate. One affected member was subjected to whole-exome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and co-segregation analysis of her family members and 100 unrelated healthy individuals.@*RESULTS@#Whole-exome sequencing and co-segregation analysis showed that all affected members of this pedigree have carried a heterozygous missense c.253A>G (p.Cys85Arg) variant in exon 4 of the IRF6 gene, which has co-segregated with the phenotype and was not found among the 100 unrelated healthy individuals.@*CONCLUSION@#The missense c.253A>G variant in exon 4 of the IRF6 gene probably underlay the NSCLP in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Brain/abnormalities , China , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , Female , Humans , Interferon Regulatory Factors/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Whole Exome Sequencing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with hereditary spherocytosis.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 17 members of the pedigree. Genomic DNA of the proband was subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by co-segregation analysis. pCAS2(c.5798+1G) and pCAS2(c.5798+1A) plasmids were constructed by homologous recombination and transfected into 293T cells. Reverse transcription PCR, TA cloning and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing. Meanwhile, peripheral blood RNAs were extracted to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing in vivo.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to carry a c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene. The variant has co-segregated with the phenotype in the pedigree. In vitro and in vivo splicing experiments confirmed that the mutation has significantly affected the splicing, resulting in shift of reading frame and produced a premature termination codon.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene probably underlies the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Genetics , Genetic Variation , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Plasmids , RNA Splicing , Spectrin , Genetics , Spherocytosis, Hereditary , Genetics , Transfection
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for 90 families affected with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), and discuss the necessity for carrier screening.@*METHODS@#All families were subjected to multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis. Combined MLPA and allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) was used for prenatal diagnosis of the pregnant women.@*RESULTS@#Among the 90 couples, 84 (93%) had a negative family history, 85 (94%) had given birth to an affected child before. Eighty-five husbands and 88 wives carried heterozygous deletion of exon 7 of the SMN1 gene. Two wives had homozygous deletion of exon 7 of the SMN1 gene and were affected. Prenatal diagnosis showed that 19 fetuses were SMA patients, 48 fetuses were carriers, and 23 fetuses were normal. Of note, eighteen affected fetuses were conceived by couples without a family history, which accounted for 20% of all pregnancies and 95% of all affected fetuses.@*CONCLUSION@#To screen SMA carriers using MLPA and carry out prenatal diagnosis using combined MLPA and AS-PCR can ensure accurate diagnosis, which has a significant value for the prevention of SMA affected births.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798647

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with hereditary spherocytosis.@*Methods@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 17 members of the pedigree. Genomic DNA of the proband was subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by co-segregation analysis. pCAS2c.5798+ 1G and pCAS2c.5798+ 1A plasmids were constructed by homologous recombination and transfected into 293T cells. Reverse transcription PCR, TA cloning and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing. Meanwhile, peripheral blood RNAs were extracted to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing in vivo.@*Results@#The proband was found to carry a c. 5798+ 1G>A variant of the SPTB gene. The variant has co-segregated with the phenotype in the pedigree. In vitro and in vivo splicing experiments confirmed that the mutation has significantly affected the splicing, resulting in shift of reading frame and produced a premature termination codon.@*Conclusion@#The novel c. 5798+ 1G>A variant of the SPTB gene probably underlies the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis in this pedigree.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734947

ABSTRACT

We reported the prenatal molecular diagnosis and pregnant outcome of a fetus with increased nuchal translucency.The ultrasound findings of the gravida at 12+5 gestational weeks indicated that the fetal nuchal translucency thickness was 4.5 mm,and non-invasive prenatal testing suggested as low risk.Amniocentesis was performed at 18 gestational weeks.Fetal chromosomal karyotype was normal but chromosome microarray comparative genomic hybridization analysis identified a 1.878 Mb deletion on chromosome 2p15-16.1.No copy number variation was found in the parents.The microdeletion was also verified by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification.Literature reported that chromosome 2p 15-16.1 microdeletion syndrome was characterized by mental retardation,language developmental disorder,microcephaly and so on.This case we reported here was a de novo 2p 15-16.1 microdeletion which contained the critical region and genes of 2p 15-16.1 microdeletion syndrome and was inferred to be a pathogenetic mutation.The gravida chose to terminate the pregnancy after genetic consultation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754855

ABSTRACT

To explore the prenatal diagnosis classification and prognostic evaluation of fetal pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum ( PA/IVS) . Methods Thirty‐nine fetal PA/IVS were classified by the developmental condition of the right ventricle and ventriculo‐coronary artery communication ( VCAC) ,and tricuspid Z score was calculated . The associated abnormality ,chromosome abnormality were follow‐up analyzed . Results Fifteen fetuses were diagnosed with type Ⅰ PA/IVS ,14 fetuses with type ⅡPA/IVS ,and 10 with type Ⅲ PA/IVS . One case with type Ⅰ was associated with right aortic arch ,and other 38 fetuses were not associated with other cardiac abnormalities . T hirty‐nine fetuses were normal karyotype .Fetuses with type Ⅰ PA/IVS manifested right ventricular inlet portion ,well‐developed trabecular and infundibulum portions ,and no VCAC . T he tricuspid Z score of type Ⅰ PA/IVS was from -0 .07 to -2 .82 ,and 9 of the fetuses had biventricular repair and 6 had termination . Type Ⅱ PA/IVS manifested right ventricular trabecular portion absence ,small inlet and infundibulum portions ,and no VCAC . T he tricuspid Z score of type Ⅱ PA/IVS was from -3 .35 to -5 .21 ,and 7 of the fetuses had single ventricle palliation ,2 underwent fetal interventional procedures ,and 5 had termination . Type Ⅲ PA/IVS manifested absence of right ventricular trabecular and infundibulum portions ,small inlet portion ,and VCAC . T he tricuspid Z score of type Ⅲ PA/IVS was from -4 .33 to -6 .01 ,and 4 of the fetuses had single ventricle palliation and 6 had termination . The area under the ROC curve of tricuspid Z score in diagnosing PA/IVS postnatal biventricular repair was 1 .000 ( P <0 .01 ,95% CI :1 .00-1 .00) ,the cutoff value was -3 .08 ,the sensitivity was 100% ,and the specificity was 100% . Conclusions Echocardiography can perform diagnostic classification of fetal PA/IVS and obtain fetal tricuspid valve Z score of > -3 .08 and predict the postnatal outcome in PA/IVS . T he findings may have important implication for prenatal diagnosis and prognosis evaluation for PA/IVS .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754832

ABSTRACT

To explore the prenatal diagnosis classification and prognostic evaluation of fetal pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect ( PA/VSD ) . Methods T hirty‐one fetal pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect were classified Ⅰ - Ⅳ type by Boston classification ,and the McGoon indexes were calculated ,w hether associated with malformation and chromosomal abnormalities ,and follow‐up . Results T hirteen fetuses were diagnosed type Ⅰ PA/VSD , 6 fetuses were associated with malformation ,2 fetuses were chromosomal abnormalities , 7 fetuses′ McGoon index > 1 .20 ,6 fetuses′McGoon index<1 .20 ,8 cases had operation ( 6 cases had radical operation and had a good follow up ,2 cases had palliative operation and were waiting for radical operation) , 5 cases received termination of pregnancy . Six fetuses were diagnosed as type Ⅱ PA/VSD ,5 fetuses were associated with malformation ,1 fetus was chromosomal abnormalities ,1 fetus′s McGoon index> 1 .20 ,5 fetuses′ McGoon index< 1 .20 ,2 cases had operation ( 1 case had radical operation and had a good follow up ,1 case had palliative operation and was waiting for radical operation) ,4 fetuses received termination of pregnancy . Four fetuses were diagnosed as type Ⅲ PA/VSD ,3 fetuses were associated with malformation ,no fetus was chromosomal abnormalities ,4 fetuses′McGoon index<1 .20 ,1 case had palliative operation and was waiting for radical operation , 3 cases received termination of pregnancy . Eight fetuses were diagnosed as type Ⅳ PA/VSD ,3 fetuses were associated with malformation , 3 fetuses were chromosomal abnormalities , 1 case had unifocalization operation ,but died after operation in one day ,7 cases received termination of pregnancy . T he area under the ROC curve of McGoon index in hinting PA/VSD postnatal radical operation was 1 .000 ( P = 0 .002 ,95%CI :1 .0000 - 1 .000 ) , the border value was 1 .255 , the sensitivity and specificity were 100% ,85 .7% , respectively . Conclusions Echocardiography can diagnose the classification of fetal PA/VSD . The radical operation for cases of McGoon index >1 .255 is feasible ,the cases of type Ⅳ PA/VSD and PA/VSD with associated malformation and chromosomal abnormalities have a poor follow up .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular mechanism of a girl with developmental delay and intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Chromosomal karotypes of the child and her parents were analyzed with routine G-banding method. Their genomic DNA was also analyzed with array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) for chromosomal duplications/deletions.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was detected in the child and her parents, while aCGH has identified a de novo 3.37 Mb deletion at 17p11.2 in the child.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with Smith-Magenis syndrome, for which RAI1 may be the causative gene.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Duplication , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Smith-Magenis Syndrome , Genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic diagnosis for a pedigree affected with cutis laxa.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from members of the pedigree and 50 unrelated healthy controls. Potential mutation was screened by next-generation sequencing and verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A heterozygous c.1985delG mutation was identified in the ELN gene among all patients from this pedigree. The same mutation was not found among unaffected family members and 50 healthy controls.@*CONCLUSION@#The genetic etiology for the pedigree has been elucidated, which has enabled genetic counseling and guidance for reproduction.


Subject(s)
Cutis Laxa , Genetics , Elastin , Genetics , Heterozygote , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776799

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with ultrasonographic abnormality.@*METHODS@#Chromosomal karyotyping and array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) analysis were applied for the diagnosis. Peripheral blood samples were also taken from the parents for chromosome karyotyping analysis.@*RESULTS@#The fetal karyotype showed additional material of unknown-origin attached to Yq. Array CGH analysis confirmed that the material was derived from 3q22.1q29. The father was found to carry a balanced translocation 46, X, t(Y;3)(q12;q23) (which was diagnosed as 46,XY,Y≥18 elsewhere), whilst the mother was found to be normal.@*CONCLUSION@#3q partial trisomy may present as malformation of multiple systems. Combination of chromosome karyotyping and array-CGH can provide reliable diagnosis for fetuses with abnormalities by ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Female , Fetus , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of uniparental disomy (UPD) on bipartite and tripartite paternity testing.@*METHODS@#Two cases of paternity testing were analyzed by multiplex amplification and capillary electrophoresis typing. Suspected UPD was verified by using single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array). Parental power index was calculated by using a bipartite or tripartite model.@*RESULTS@#The two cases were found to harbor respectively three short tandem repeats on chromosome 2 and two short tandem repeats on chromosome 15. SNP array verified that both cases were of UPD. Case 1 had a parental power index of 122274987565.23 by a tripartite model, while case 2 had a parental power index of 13500.8463 by a bipartite model. Based on the technical specification, the conclusions supported a biological parent-child relationship in both cases.@*CONCLUSION@#UPD may lead to misjudgment of paternity testing. The possibility of UPD should be considered when certain loci which do not conform to Mendelian inheritance have aggregated to one chromosome.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2 , Genetics , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats , Paternity , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Uniparental Disomy , Genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for a family affected with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).@*METHODS@#Multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect potential deletion and duplication of the Dystrophin gene. Haplotype analysis was performed using five short tandem repeat polymorphism loci (3'-STR, 5'-STR, 45-STR, 49-STR, 50-STR of the DMD gene.@*RESULTS@#A same deletional mutation (exons 51-55) of the DMD gene was detected in two brothers but not in their mother. The patients and fetus have inherited different haplotypes of the Dystrophin gene from their mother, suggesting that the fetus was unaffected.@*CONCLUSION@#The mother was very likely to harbor germline mosaicism for the Dystrophin gene variant. Genetic testing of peripheral blood samples cannot rule out germline mosaicism in the mother. Prenatal diagnosis should be provided for subsequent pregnancies in this family.


Subject(s)
Dystrophin , Genetics , Exons , Female , Gene Deletion , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Male , Mosaicism , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a family affected with distal hereditary motor neuronopathy V (dHMN V).@*METHODS@#Potential mutations of the GARS and BSCL2 genes were analyzed with PCR and Sanger sequencing. Suspected mutation was verified among unaffected members of the family and 100 healthy controls. Prenatal diagnosis was provided based on the above results.@*RESULTS@#Sequencing analysis has identified a heterozygous c.269C>T (p.S90L) mutation in the BSCL2 gene, which resulted in replacement of Serine (TCG) to Leucine (TTG). The same mutation was found in all other 3 patients from the pedigree but not among unaffected members or the 100 healthy controls. By prenatal diagnosis, the fetus did not carry the above mutation.@*CONCLUSION@#Pathogenic mutation of BSCL2 gene probably underlies the dHMN V in this pedigree, which enabled prenatal diagnosis for the proband.


Subject(s)
Female , GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits , Humans , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797500

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influence of uniparental disomy (UPD) on bipartite and tripartite paternity testing.@*Methods@#Two cases of paternity testing were analyzed by multiplex amplification and capillary electrophoresis typing. Suspected UPD was verified by using single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array). Parental power index was calculated by using a bipartite or tripartite model.@*Results@#The two cases were found to harbor respectively three short tandem repeats on chromosome 2 and two short tandem repeats on chromosome 15. SNP array verified that both cases were of UPD. Case 1 had a parental power index of 122274987565.23 by a tripartite model, while case 2 had a parental power index of 13500.8463 by a bipartite model. Based on the technical specification, the conclusions supported a biological parent-child relationship in both cases.@*Conclusion@#UPD may lead to misjudgment of paternity testing. The possibility of UPD should be considered when certain loci which do not conform to Mendelian inheritance have aggregated to one chromosome.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796470

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for a family affected with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).@*Methods@#Multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect potential deletion and duplication of the Dystrophin gene. Haplotype analysis was performed using five short tandem repeat polymorphism loci (3'-STR, 5'-STR, 45-STR, 49-STR, 50-STR of the DMD gene.@*Results@#A same deletional mutation (exons 51-55) of the DMD gene was detected in two brothers but not in their mother. The patients and fetus have inherited different haplotypes of the Dystrophin gene from their mother, suggesting that the fetus was unaffected.@*Conclusion@#The mother was very likely to harbor germline mosaicism for the Dystrophin gene variant. Genetic testing of peripheral blood samples cannot rule out germline mosaicism in the mother. Prenatal diagnosis should be provided for subsequent pregnancies in this family.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688161

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide prenatal diagnosis for a pregnant woman with a history of Williams-Beuren syndrome pregnancy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The karyotypes of the fetus and his parents were analyzed with routine G-banding. Their genomic DNA was also analyzed with array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No karyotypic abnormality was detected for the fetus and his parents. aCGH has identified a de novo 5.09 Mb deletion at 2p13.3-p12 in the fetus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The 2p13.3-p12 microdeletion carried by the fetus was de novo. As it has involved dosage-sensitive genes SPR and DCTN1, the deletion is probably pathogenic.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687980

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect potential mutation in a Chinese pedigree affected with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of the pedigree was collected. Coding regions of candidate genes were amplified by PCR and subjected to next generation sequencing (NGS). Suspected mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing and segregation analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two novel heterozygous mutations (c.1695dupC and c.552-563del) were respectively detected in the LRP5 and ZNF408 genes in the proband. Both mutations were inherited from the affected mother. By Sanger sequencing, the c.552-563del mutation was also detected among unaffected members, while the c.1695dupC mutation was only detected in affected members from the pedigree and was not recorded by the HGMD, NCBI, or 1000 genome database. Upon prenatal diagnosis, the fetus was found to carry the same mutations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined NGS and Sanger sequencing not only can reduce the time required for diagnosis but also enable accurate prenatal diagnosis for FEVR.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Female , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5 , Genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Prenatal Diagnosis , Retinal Diseases , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Genetics
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To detect potential mutations of the EXT1 and EXT2 genes in a pedigree affected with hereditary multiple exostosis (HME). METHODS For a four-generation family with 7 affected individuals from 17 family members,genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral venous blood samples. All exons of the EXT1 and EXT2 genes were screened for potential mutation by PCR and Sanger sequencing. RESULTS A novel heterozygous frameshift mutation c.1202delT (p.I401Tfs*2)was found in exon 4 of the EXT1 gene in the proband and the other 6 affected individuals. The same mutation was not detected among the healthy members from the family. The mutation has given rise a truncated EXT1 protein with loss of 345 amino acids. CONCLUSION A novel frameshift mutation of the EXT1 gene has been identified in a pedigree affected with HME, which has enriched the mutational spectrum of the EXT1 gene and may facilitate genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the family.

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