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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 129-134, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744683

ABSTRACT

Cerebral?complication?in?the?postoperative?period?of?cardiac?surgery?is?one?of?the?most?important?elements?for?the?prognosis?and?rehabilitation.?It?is?significant?for?the?clinicians?to?recognize,?comprehend,?prevent?and?ameliorate?the?complications?of?cerebral?nervous?system.?For?the?purpose?of?down-regulating?brain?injury?and?cerebral?complications?after?cardiac?surgery,?promoting?nosocomial?rehabilitation,?Cerebral?Protection?in?Cardiac?Intensive?Care?Group,?Neural?Regeneration?and?Repair?Committee,?Chinese?Research?Hospital?Association?organizes?Chinese?medical?experts?who?specialize?in?cardiac?surgery,?critical?care?medicine,?extracorporeal?circulation,?anesthesiology?and?emergency?medicine?cooperatively?draft?Chinese consensus guideline for cerebral protection in the perioperative period of cardiac surgery (2019).?Its?content?includes?brain?injury?classifying?risk?factors?recognizing,?treatment?protocols?formulating,?intra-operative?cerebral?function?monitoring,?brain?protection?in?intensive?care?unit?(ICU)?and?drug?administration?in?order?to?guide?the?clinical?practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608286

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the radiofrequency ablation (RA) and vagal denervafion (VD) in surgical treatment of long-standing atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with rheumatic heart disease (RHD).Methods Retrospective analysis the cardiac rhythm by 24-hour Holter monitoring during 5-year follow-up after total Maze procedure accompanied rheumatic mitral valve replacement.Between June 2006 and December 2007,a total of 173 consecutive patients with long-standing AF-associated RHD underwent mitral valve replacement and ablation maze procedure,92 cases had RA alone and 81 had RA + VD.Results Although Kaplan-Meier curve shows that the freedom from AF at 5 years follow-up time were similar(P =0.718),the percentage of antiarrhythmic drug therapy was significant higher in the RA group during early postoperative period(4th month,54.1% vs.34.7%,P=0.017;5th month,39.2% vs.21.3%,P=0.018;6th month,23.0% vs.10.7%,P =0.044),and the percentage of those free by AF was significant lower(6th month,82.2% vs.93.8%,P =0.023;1st year,76.1% vs.89.9%,P=0.019).Conclusion Total maze procedure with bipolar radiofrequency ablation is effective to treat longstanding AF associated with rheumatic valve disease.Vagal denervation helped to maintain stable sinus rhythm and lower antiarrhythmic drug therapy at the early stage,but there was no additional benefit after the 1 st year of follow-up,it may be caused from the reactivation of vagal plexus electrical activity.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491533

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes and treatment methods of early complications after central systemic-pulmonary shunt in complex cyanotic congenital heart diseases.Methods Two hundred and twelve cases of central systemic-pulmonary shunt in complex cyanotic congenital heart diseases were retro-spectively analyzed in order to explore the early postoperative complications and related treatment measures. Results There were 61 cases(28.77%)of the early postoperative complications,including severe low car-diac output syndrome in 27 cases,acute pulmonary edema in 14 cases,24 h shunt pipe blockage in 12 cases, and supraventricular tachycardia in 8 cases.All patients got followed up,average for(2.49 ±1.21 )years.Af-ter the systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts,pulmonary vascular had significant growth,8 patients(3.77%) of them who pulmonary hypoplasia were promoted by transcatheter aortopulmonary collateral vessels.At the end of the follow-up,77 patients(36.32%)achieved the standard of radical surgery.Conclusion The factors affecting surgical survival rate include:enhancement of patients cardiac function and strictly handle operation indication before operation a clear operational view;rational surgical methods;treatment of complication with-out delay;strict,intensive care and synthesized treatment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461885

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Renal tubular-interstitial lesion and fibrosis induced by peritubular capil ary reduction is a common pathway for various chronic kidney diseases which eventual y develop into end-stage renal failure. How to increase the density of peritubular capil ary network is the key to resolving renal interstitial fibrosis. Netrin-1, as a potent mitogen of vascular endothelial cel s, can promote the migration and proliferation of vascular endothelial cel s and induce angiogenesis. OBJECTIVE:To observe the protective effects of naked netrin-1 plasmid transfer on the remnant renal function of 5/6 nephrectomized rats and the effects of naked netrin-1 plasmid transfer on peritubular capil ary network, and to further discuss the possible mechanism. METHODS:Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham, model and treatment groups. Upper and lower one-third of the rat left kidney was resected in the model and treatment groups, and then the right kidney was resected after 1 week to prepare remnant kidney models in rats. IRES2-EGFP and pCMV6-XL5-Netrin-1-IRES2-EGFP pGenesil-NPs plasmids were intravenously injected into the left renal vein while resecting the right kidney of rats in the model and treatment groups, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with model group, the levels of blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine decreased, the degree of renal interstitial fibrosis al eviated, the density of peritubular capil aries increased, and the netrin-1 protein expression in renal tubular cytoplasm increased in the treatment group. These findings suggest that the naked netrin-1 plasmid transfer can significantly improve the renal function of the 5/6 nephrectomized rats, reduce the pathological lesion and renal interstitial fibrosis of the remnant kidney, increase the density of peritubular capil aries, and decrease the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, thereby improving the anoxic condition of renal interstitial tubules.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491702

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:For patients with degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation, atrial fibrilation is needed to be treated concomitant with artificial valve ring implantation. Although Cox maze III procedure is the gold standard for treatment of atrial fibrilation, its safety has been questioned. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the safety of artificial valve rings implantation and Cox Maze III procedure for treatment of degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation. METHODS: A total of 43 patients with degenerative mitral annulus dilatation and atrial fibrilation were enroled and were randomly divided into test group (n=21) and control group (n=22). Patients in the test group were treated with mitral valvuloplasty and Cox Maze III procedure. Patients in the control group were only treated with mitral valvuloplasty. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Intraoperative safety indexes: the durations of cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic clamping. and the incidence of hemoglobinuria in the test group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the urine output between these two groups. (2) Postoperative safety indexes: the incidence of atrial dysrhythmia (i.e., any atrial dysrhythmia other than atrial fibrilation), proportion of patients requiring a temporary pacemaker and hospital stays in the test group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the secondary-thoracotomy bleeding rate and incidence of stroke between these two groups. (3) Postoperative outcomes: the rates of cardioversion to achieve sinus rhythm at the day of surgery and at discharge in the test group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). At discharge, patients in both groups were al at NYHA functional class Ior II. Echocardiography showed trace to mild mitral regurgitation and complete closure of the tricuspid valve. There were no significant differences in the left atrial diameter, left ventricular diameter, left ventricular volume, and ejection fraction between these two groups. However, the proportions of mitral and tricuspid valve peak A-waves were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). These results show that artificial valve ring implantation and Cox Maze III procedure is a safe and effective method for treating degenerative mitral annulus dilatation complicated by atrial fibrilation during operation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465269

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Incidence of degenerative mitral regurgitation show a gradual increase tendency,but there is no report on degenerative mitral regurgitation due to pure mitral valve ring expansion in China.OBJECTIVE:To summarze the early and midterm outcomes of pure mitral valve annuloplasty in the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation due to pure mitral valve ring expansion. METHODS :Forty-eight patients with degenerative mitrlal regurgitation due to pure mitral valve ring expansion underwent pure mitral valve annuloplasty, including 23 cases treated with Carpentier-Edwards Physio ring and 23 with SJMTM rigid saddle ring.Affter discharge,echocardiography was used to evaluate heart function and mitral regurgitation degree during the follow-up.The outcomes were compared between the two groups. RWSULTS AND CONCLUSION:There was no early death after operation and all cases were cured and discharged.All patients were followed up for 3 months to 4years,and the cardiac function and mitral valve regurgitation were significantly improved (no mitral regurgitation in 36 cases,trivial regurgitation in 10 cases and mild mitral regurgitation in 2cases).According to NYHA grading,there were 32 cases of level 1 and 16 ceses of level Ⅱ. The echocardiography showed that postoperative left atrium diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, pulmonary artery systolic pressure and the ratio of regurgitation beam area to left atrial area were significantly lower than those before operation (P < 0.01). The left ventricular ejection fraction increased greatly (P < 0.01). There was no ring rupture, ring avulsion and hemolysis. Postoperative transvalvular pressure was less than 3 mm Hg. However, there were no significant differences in the above-mentioned parameters between the Carpentier-Edwards Physio ring and SJMTM rigid saddle ring groups. The results suggest that the pure mitral valve annuloplasty is excelent in the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation due to pure mitral valve ring expansion, through the right surgical techniques and the right choice of artificial valve ring.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445315

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Artificial chordae transplantation and saddle ring annuloplasty are the key steps in mitral valvuloplasty. However, there are no large-size studies addressing the safety, validity and efficacy of these treatments in China. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the efficacy and safety of artificial chordae transplantation and saddle ring annuloplasty in the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation. METHODS:Eighty-five patients with degenerative mitral regurgitation underwent mitral valve repair with artificial chordae (Gore-Tex sutures) transplantation and saddle ring (SJMTM rigid saddle-shaped) annuloplasty from January 2009 to May 2013 in General Hospital of Shenyang Area Military Command, China. Operative technique included simple artificial chordae transplantation in 41 cases, artificial chordae transplantation plus quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet in 22 cases, artificial chordae transplantation plus quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet and sliding technique in 23 cases. Al cases received saddle ring annuloplasty. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Fol ow-up after treatment was done among 78 patients for 6 months to 4 years, with a fol ow-up rate of 91.7%(78/85). Among the 78 cases, one case died of cerebral infarction after 13 months, one died from accident, and the remaining 76 were alive. According to the evaluation of cardiac function (NYHA), 59 cases were in grade I and 17 cases were in grade II. Color ultrasound displayed that, no regurgitation was found in 67 cases, and mild regurgitation in 9 cases. The echocardiography showed that postoperative left atrium diameter (P<0.05 or P<0.01), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (P<0.05 or P<0.01), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the ratio of regurgitation beam area and left atrial area (P<0.05 or P<0.01), mean pulmonary artery pressure (P<0.05 or P<0.01) were significantly decreased compared with that before operation. Ejection fraction was significantly increased after operation (P<0.05 or P<0.01). No systolic anterior motion occurred. The postoperative complications included sinus bradycardia in 12 cases and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in 25 cases, late cardiac tamponade in 1 case at 1 week postoperatively, and pacemarker implantation in 1 case (who exhibited bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome before operation). There was no ring rupture, ring avulsion, hemolysis, left ventricular outflow tract infarction and artificial chordae rupture or splitting. No cases needed reoperation on valve replacement. Application of artificial chordae transplantation and saddle ring annuloplasty is a safe and effective means for treating degenerative mitral regurgitation, with excellent midterm outcomes.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444107

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of application of artificial chordae transplantation in mitral valve repair.Methods One hundred and five patients with mitral regurgitation due to mitral degeneration,underwent mitral valve repair with artificial chordae transplantation.Operative technique included simple Gore-Tex artificial chordae transplantation in 25 cases,artificial chordae transplantation plus quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet in 67 cases,artificial chordae transplantation plus quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet and Sliding technique in 13 cases.Results No early death occurred after operation.The postoperative complications were caused in 30 patients including sinus bradycardia in 8 cases,supraventricular tachycardia in 20 cases,late cardiac tamponade in onecase,pacemarker implantation in one case.Hospital time was 9-21 (14 ±4) d.Follow-up was done to 96 patients for 3 months to 5 years with a follow-up rate of 91.4%(96/105).Among 96 cases,one died of cerebral infarction after 13 months,one died from accident while the remaining were alive,74 cases were with cardiac function (NYHA) of grade Ⅰ and 20 cases with grade Ⅱ.No regurgitation was found in 92 cases,mild regurgitation in 2 cases.There were no artificial chordae ruptures.Conclusions The key to improve the early and midterm results of artificial chordae transplantation are to choose patients strictly,to grasp proper surgical skills,to do a good job in intraoperative shaping effect evaluation and the myocardial protection during extracorporeal circulation.

9.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 624-628, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456369

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in aged experimental rats after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) with its mechanism. Methods: A total of 32 Wistar rats at the age of (21-23) months were divided into 4 groups, n=8 in each group.①Control group, the rats received cardiac perfusion for 180 min. ②I/R group, the rats received cardiac perfusion for 30 min, followed by ischemia for 30 min, then reperfusion for 120min.③IPC group, the rats received cardiac perfusion for 10 min, followed by ischemia and reperfusion 2 times (5 min in each time), then ischemia 30 min and reperfusion 120 min. ④ Enhanced IPC group, rats received cardiac perfusion for 10 min, followed by ischemia and reperfusion 4 times (5 min in each time), then ischemia 30 min and reperfusion 120 min. The recovery rate of cardiac output (CO), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and the recovery rate of maximum rise and fall of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) at (30, 60, 90, 120) min after reperfusion were recorded respectively. The creatine kinase (CK-MB), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were examined before ischemia and 120 min after reperfusion. The apical peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorγco-stimulatory factor 1α(PGC-1α) was examined by immuno-histochemistry. Results: The MDA content, CK-MB, SOD activities LVDP and (±dp/dtmax) recovery were similar between IPC group and I/R group, P>0.05. While compared with I/R group, the Enhanced IPC group showed decreased CK-MB activity and MDA content, increased SOD activity and CO, LVDP and (±dp/dtmax) recovery rate, all P0.05. While compared with I/R group, the Enhanced IPC group had increased PGC-1αexpression, P Conclusion: The cardiac IPC was weakened in aged rats which might be because of decreased PGC-1αexpression, the enhanced IPC may up-regulate PGC-1αexpression and therefore, protect the cardiac tissue in aged experimental rats.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:It is so difficult to have aortic valve replacement with smal aortic annulus. Improper treatment may lead to patients with valvular mismatch phenomenon, and thus make left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, increase transvalvular pressures, cause cardiac hypertrophy secondary to increased left ventricular afterload and even congestive heart failure. OBJECTIVE:To summarize the treatment strategy for preventing valvular mismatch phenomenon caused by smal aortic annulus after aortic valve replacement. METHODS:Eighty-five patients with smal aortic annulus underwent aortic valve replacement surgery. 19 mm SJM Regent valve was applied to the patients with orifice diameter>17 ≤ 19 mm;to the adult patients with orifice diameter ≤ 17 mm, we performed bovine pericardial patch enlargement of the smal aortic annulus and valve replacement using 19 mm SJM Regent valve. For those with orifice diameter>19 ≤ 21 mm, we selected 21 mm Hancock II ultra biological valve for valve replacement. Effective orifice area index, left ventricular mass index, inter-ventricular septal thickness, left ventricular wal thickness, trans-valvular peak velocity, the pressure difference across the valve and trans-valvular mean pressure were measured through echocardiography. After discharge, patients were fol owed up in out-patient clinic and evaluated regularly by echocardiography. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:There were no early deaths after operation and al cases were cured and discharged. Fol ow-up time was between 6 months and 3 years. The main complications included low cardiac output syndrome in two cases, reoperation due to bleeding in one case, and ventilator dependence in two cases. No cases occurred in cerebral complications such as cerebral hemorrhage or cerebral thrombosis, and no valvular dysfunction or card flap appeared. There was no bovine pericardium tearing, thrombosis, calcification, tumor-like bulge, infection or immune reactions. A total of 81 cases were fol owed up and the fol ow-up rate was 95%(81/85). There were NYHA class grade I in 65 cases, and grade II in 16 cases. Peak velocity across the aortic valve and the mean pressure were significantly decreased, effective orifice area index increased significantly, left ventricular mass index, left ventricular wal thickness and the thickness of the inter-ventricular septum were significantly reduced compared with pre-operation, and no valvular mismatch phenomenon occurred. Compared 21 mm Hancock II ultra biological valve with 21 mm SJM Regent group, the former got a better peak velocity and mean trans-valvular pressure, and better left ventricular remodeling index. Body weight and body surface area were significantly increased in 19 mm Regent valve group after operation. The results suggest that individualized treatment strategies should be taken to prevent the occurrence of postoperative valvular mismatch phenomenon for patients with smal aortic annulus.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The treatment of pulmonary hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease has been a hot topic in the clinical research on cardiac surgery. Although traditional drugs for reducing pulmonary hypertension have excelent effects, there are some defaults, such as difficult monitoring and rebounding phenomenon after drug withdrawal. The traditional heart dacron graft is prone to cause complications, such as deformation, thrombosis, embolism, hemolysis and infection. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine pericardium patch and aerosolized iloprost in patients with pulmonary hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease. METHODS:Ninety patients with pulmonary hypertension due to congenital heart disease underwent a surgery. Glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium patch were used to repair cardiac septal defect, and then aerosolized iloprost was applied after operation, administered for 3 days according to 30 ng/min/kg, every 4 hours in the first 12 hours of a day, and every 6 hours in the resting 12 hours. Mean arterial pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, systemic vascular resistance index, pulmonary vascular resistance index were recorded before inhalation, immediately after inhalation, and 30 minutes after inhalation. The pericardium-associated complications, and cardiac function were also observed at folow-ups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The involved 90 cases were detected by echocardiography. The results showed that, al the flaps were closed, there was no shunting or echo discontinuation of atrial septum. The heart contraction function was normal. No pericardium-associated complications were found. There was no significant difference in the mean arterial pressure and systemic vascular resistance index in al patients at different time points. The mean pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance index immediately after inhalation were significantly lower than that before inhalation (P < 0.01). The decrease was also significant 30 minutes after inhalation (P < 0.05). The intervention of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine pericardium patch and aerosolized iloprost is safe and effective to treat patients with pulmonary hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466367

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the long-term effect of total right heart bypass on pulmonary perfusion after extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (ETCPC).Methods Fifty-three patients (29males,24 females; average age (10.8±6.1) years) undergoing ETCPC from March 1990 to December 2005were retrospectively analyzed.Forty-three patients had full set of pulmonary perfusion data at 1 month and 5years postoperation.The perfusion ratios of each lung segment were calculated based on 99Tcm-MAA radionuclide imaging.The PVR and pulmonary artery index were calculated from angiocardiography measurements.All data were compared with paired t test.Results Compared with the early postoperative data,the perfusion ratio of superior/inferior segment(0.72±0.20 vs 0.75±0.01; t =2.54,P<0.05),the PVR ((142.98±2.61) vs (146.95±2.54) dyn · s · cm-5; t=2.08,P<0.05; 1 dyn · s · cm-5 =0.1 kPa · s · L-1) and vena cava pressure ((9.35±0.24) vs (9.95±0.23) mmHg; t=2.69,P<0.05; 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) decreased significantly in follow-up data; while the ratio of posterior basal segment perfusion increased significantly (0.12±0.00 vs 0.10±0.03; t=2.16,P<0.05).The arterial oxygen saturation ((92.70±0.30)% vs (92.86±0.29) % ; t =1.12,P>0.05),the total pulmonary nuclear counts ((701.91 ± 8.26) × 103 vs (698.93 ± 12.0) ×103 ; t=0.38,P>0.05) and the perfusion ratio of inferior vena cava to the right lung (0.61±0.06 vs 0.60±0.06 ; t =0.74,P > 0.05) were similar between the two terms of follow-up.The early angiographic and radionuclide perfusion studies did not match in 5 patients.Conclusions Hypostatic redistribution of pulmonary blood flow is the characteristics in long-term follow-up of ETCPC patients.The radionuclide imaging is superior to angiocardiography in revealing functional pulmonary blood perfusion.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448375

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the prevention and treatment experience of complications of cardiac myxoma excision.Methods Cardiac myxoma excision were performed in 215 cases under general anesthesia,cardiopulmonary bypass and cardiac arrest condition.Results Two cases died from severe low cardiac output syndrome which eventually caused multiple organ failure.The remaining 213 cases were cured and discharged.Among 213 cases,low cardiac output syndrome occurred in 35 cases,re-open chest for bleeding was performed in 8 cases,30 cases in arrhythmia (including paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in 20 cases and ventricular premature in 10 cases),no vital organs embolism occurred.Follow-up was done to 200 patients for 1-8 years with a follow-up rate of 93.9% (200/213).In 200 cases,1 case died from lung cancer,1 case recurred and was cured after re-operation.The remaining patients had no obvious abnormalities.Conclusion As the particularity of surgical treatment of cardiac myxoma,it is essential to take prevention measures to reduce complications of cardiac myxoma excision in perioperative periods.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447821

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore method of early diagnosis and treatment of adult patients with cerebral ischemic stroke after cardiovascular surgery.Methods The chnical data of 24 adult patients with cerebral ischemic stroke after cardiovascular surgery were retrospectively analyzed.Firstly,CT or MRI should be accomplished to determine the type of cerebral ischemic stroke as soon as patients' condition of circulation and respiration were stable.Secondly,the vital signs should be monitored closely,and the consciousness,pupil,respiratory and hmbs activity of the patients were observed.Thirdly,the patients' temperature of head should be reduced and be given dehydration,anticoagulation,cholesterol-lowering medication,brain nutrition drugs,beta receptor blockers and other drugs.Overall,the balance of fluid,electrolytes and acid-base were maintained in the course of treatment.Results Among the 24 patients,male was 66.7% (16/24).Early cerebral ischemic stroke occurred in 6 cases,delayed cerebral ischemic stroke occurred in 18 cases.Cerebral ischemic stroke happened in 12 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery,8 patients after cardiac valve replacement surgery,2 cases after artery dissection surgery and 2 patients after other surgery.Two cases were death during hospital stay,the mortality was 8.3% (2/24).Conclusion Adult patients with clinical manifestation of cerebral ischemic stroke after cardiovascular surgery should be diagnosed early as soon as possible,the treatment key of cerebral ischemic stroke is strict monitoring and comprehensive treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440432

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Current cardiac bioprostheses and mechanical valves are shown to have some flaws and shortcomings, and tissue-engineered heart valves which can avoid these problems are becoming an ideal choice for valve replacement. OBJECTIVE:To explore the experimental progress in the construction of tissue-engineered heart valves. METHODS:Experimental studies related to tissue-engineered heart valves were retrieved in databases. Three main elements for tissue-engineered heart valves are seed cells, scaffold materials, and cellseeding. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Cardiac valve repair and replacement is the primarily surgical treatment for valvular heart disease. At present, seed cells mainly for construction of tissue-engineered heart valves include vascular endothelial cells, endothelial progenitor cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. The acellular scaffold has good biomechanical properties and histocompatibility. After cellseeding, a continuous celllayer wil form on the scaffold surface, which makes it possible to construct tissue-engineered heart valves. Tissue-engineered heart valve has a good prospect, but it is stil in the early stage of research and there are stil many problems that need to be solved.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437390

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The artificial heart valve used in clinical application can be divided into stented and stentless. Stented valve is convenient for operations, with a low possibility of incompetency after transplantation. However stented valve cannot stimulate natural valve. OBJECTIVE:To reduce valve implantation time and improve valve properties, this study was designed to develop a new stentless porcine aortic valve for single-layer suture and implantation based on the design of valve in pig aortic root geometry optimization, and to further evaluate its performance by in vitro test. METHODS:(1) Stentless porcine aortic valve for single-layer suture was prepared. (2) The in vitro valve implantation experiment was performed with monolayer suture method. (3) The valve was detected by in vitro fluid mechanics test and fatigue test. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Stentless valve for single-layer suture has removed the valve hard, which contributes to reduce the damaged caused by blood flow on the valve leaflet, at the same time removal of the hard valve ring can widen the diameter of implanted valve and improve hemodynamics, even the implantation time of valve is shorter than traditional double-layer suture. The in vitro fluid mechanics test and fatigue test results are satisfactory. The future research lies in a complete elucidation of long operation time, postoperative long-term clinical efficacy and durability of stentless valve implantation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433572

ABSTRACT

10.3969/j.issn.2095-4344.2013.23.022

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433541

ABSTRACT

10.3969/j.issn.2095-4344.2013.25.026

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598078

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of nitric oxide (NO),guanosine monophosphate(cGMP) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression of diabetic rat heart after ischemic preconditioning (IPC),and to explore the possible mechanism of diabetes mellitus inhibiting myocardial protection of IPC.Methods Thirty diabetic SD rats and thirty non-diabetic SD rats were divided into 3 groups (n =10) randomly.Control group (Sham group,n =10),After surgery,no procedures were made; After 155 min,the experiment was ended.Ischemic preconditioning group ( IPC group,n =10),the rats were subjected three cycles of five minutes of ischemia followed by five minutes of reperfusion and then subjected to 30 minutes of ischemia followed by 90 minutes of reperfusion.Ischemia/reperfusion group( I/R group,n =10),after surgery,the rats were balanced for 35 minutes and then subjected to 30 minutes of ischemia followed by 90 minutes of reperfusion.At the end of the experiment,the hearts of each group were excided quickly,frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at 80 ℃ until membrane and cytoplasm preparation.The changes of activities of the serum creatine kinase (CK),creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were detected.The activity of malonyldialdehyde (MDA),superoxide dismutase (SOD) in myocardium were dectected were assessed.In addition,the changes of content of myocardial cGMP and NO were assessed.Ultrathin sections 70 nm thick was made and transmission electron microscopy was used to detect the structure of the mitochondria with the Flameng scoring system.Results Myocardial enzyme leakage and mitochondria injury were significantly reduced compared IPC group and I/R group in non-diabetic rats,and cGMP,NO and NOS were also significantly increased (P <0.05 ).There did not show significant myocardial protective effect in diabetic rats,cGMP.NO and NOS showed also no significant increase in diabetic rats ( P > 0.05 ).Conclusion Diabetes inhibited the protective effect of ischemic preconditioning on ischemic reperfused rat heart,which may be related with inhibiting of the expression of the NO-cGMP signaling pathway.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391756

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe the effective measures for decreasing the early mortality after unsuccessful interventional treatment for atrial septal defect(ASD)and ventricular septal defect(VSD).Methods A total of 16 patients who underwent surgical treatment of unsuccessful interventional treatment for ASD and VSD from January 2000 to December 2007 were included in this retrospective analysis.Surgical indication was the occluder abscission(7 cases),cardiac perforation(3 eases),the third degree atrioventricular conduction block(3 cases),valvular regurgitation(2 cases,1 case accompanied with the third degreeatrioventricular conduction block),residual shunt(1 case),unsuecesflful interventional treatment(1 case).An of 16 cases underwent surgical treatment including removal of the displaced occluder and/or the congenital heart disease repaired on cardiopulmonary bypass.After surgical treatment.all patients were transferred into ICU for further supervision and treatment.Results There Was no hospital mortality.Twelve ASD cases were performed after the interventional treatment,which included 5 cases with central ASD and 7 CaseS with inferior sinus venous ASD.Coincidental rate between operating exploration and preoperative diagnosis was 41.7%(5/12).Misdiagnostic rate between them was 58.3%(7/12).The diameter of ASD (31.0 ±1.0)mm by operating exploration after interventional therapy of ASD obviously increased compared with that(26.0±2.3)mm before preoperative diagnosis(P<0.05).The diameter of VSD(5.0±0.8)mm by operating exploration after intervenfional therapy of VSD obviously increased compared with that(4.0±0.3)mm before operative diagnosis(P>0.05).,The third degree atrioventricular conduction block(3 cases)restored sinus rhythm after operation.Procedure was successful in all patients.Conclusion It is necessary to monitor severe complications of unsuccessful interventional treatment for ASD and VSD to assure the successes of the operations.

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