Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 245-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors for death within 1 year after hip fracture surgery in the elderly.Methods:A case control study was made on the clinical data of 551 elderly patients with hip fracture treated in Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2019 to December 2020, including 182 males and 369 females; aged 65-100 years [80(73,86)years]. Joint replacement, cannulated screw fixation or proximal femoral nail fixation were performed. The patients were divided into survival group ( n=494) and death group ( n=57) based on the death within 1 year after surgery recorded at postoperative telephone follow-up. The gender, age, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, neurological diseases, chronic renal failure, anemia on admission, fracture types, American anesthesiologist Association (ASA) classification, operative methods, preoperative waiting time, duration of operation and perioperative blood transfusion were recorded in two groups. Univariate Cox regression was used to analyze the correlation between the above indexes and death within 1 year after surgery. All indexes with P<0.2 in the univariate analysis were included in multivariate Cox regression analysis to clarify the independent risk factors for death within 1 year after surgery. Results:Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that death within 1 year after surgery correlated with gender, age chronic respiratory diseases, chronic renal failure and anemia on admission (all P<0.01), but not with hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, neurological diseases, fracture types, ASA classification, operative methods, preoperative waiting time, duration of operation or perioperative blood transfusion (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that male ( HR=2.08, 95% CI 1.20, 3.61, P<0.01), age ≥ 80 years ( HR=2.22, 95% CI 1.15, 4.28, P<0.05), chronic respiratory diseases ( HR=2.54, 95% CI 1.19, 5.40, P<0.05), chronic renal failure ( HR=4.57, 95% CI 1.27, 16.44, P<0.05), anemia on admission ( HR=2.82, 95% CI 1.38, 5.76, P<0.01) were significantly associated with death within 1 year after surgery. Conclusion:Male age≥ 80 years, chronic respiratory disease, chronic renal failure and anemia on admission are independent risk factors for death within 1 year after hip fracture surgery in the elderly.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2420-2425, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of early ambulation time on lower limbs muscle strength and fear of falling in patients with total knee arthroplasty, so as to provide basis for promoting the postoperative rehabilitation of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.Methods:A total of 210 patients after unilateral total knee replacement from July 2018 to December 2019 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were included and assigned to experimental group 1, experimental group 2 and experimental group 3 by random digits table method, each group contained 70 cases, and the patients began ambulation at 16, 20, 24 hours after knee replacement, respectively. The peak torque (PT) of knee joints flexors and extensor as well as hamstrings quadriceps ratio (H/Q) were compared among three groups at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after knee replacement. The fall efficiency was evaluted by Modified Fall Efficacy Scale (MFES), the fear of falling rate was conducted by single item method.Results:After 1 month of knee replacement, the PT of knee joints flexor and extensor and H/Q were (18.73±5.49) N·m, (37.56±7.76) N·m, (48.08±9.19)% and (18.44±5.27) N·m, (37.04±7.07) N·m, (47.49±9.30)% in the experimental group 1 and experimental group 2, which were higher than those in the experimental group 3(16.38±2.85) N·m, (33.75±6.75) N·m, (43.48±7.17)%, the differences were statically significant ( t values were 2.316-3.057, P<0.05). After 1 week of knee replacement, the fear of falling rate were 72.3%(47/65) and MFES scores were (3.14±0.58) points in the experimental group 1, 53.7%(36/67), (3.81±0.65) points and 50.8%(32/63), (3.87±0.74) points in the experimental group 2 and experimental group 3, the fear of falling rate significantly increased and MFES scores significantly decreased in the experimental group 1 compared to the experimental group 2 and experimental group 3, the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 values were 5.780, 4.878, t values were 6.221, 6.129, P<0.05). Conclusions:Twenty hours after knee replacement is the best time for ambulation, which can shortern the time for lower limbs muscle strength recovery and reduce the risk of fear of falling.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 825-832, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909945

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the nursing effect of perioperative enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS)management model in elderly patients with hip fracture.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 94 elderly patients with hip fracture admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 2017 to June 2018,including 24 males and 70 females aged 76-98 years[(83.7±5.4)years]. There were 54 patients with intertrochanteric fracture and 40 patients with femoral neck fracture. Surgical method was proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA)fixation or artificial hip arthroplasty. A total of 44 patients were managed by ERAS(enhanced recovery group)and 50 patients by traditional nursing(traditional rehabilitation group). The off-bed time was compared between the two groups from aspects of different fracture sites,bone mineral density and causes of injury. The visual analogue scale(VAS)was tested preoperatively and at postoperative days 1,3 and 7. The complications were recorded at postoperative 1 month. The activity of daily living(ADL)score was assessed preoperatively and at postoperative 1 week,1 month and 3 months. The Harris hip score was assessed at postoperative 1 week,1 month,3 months and at the last follow-up. The length of hospital stay and death at postoperative 3 months and at the last follow-up were recorded.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-24 months[(17.7±6.2)months]. In enhanced recovery group,the off-bed time of patients with different fracture sites(femoral neck,femoral intertrochanter),bone mineral density(>-2.5 SD,≤-2.5 SD)and causes of injury(falls,traffic accidents and others)were markedly shortened as compared with traditional rehabilitation group( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups before operation( P>0.05). However,the VAS in enhanced recovery group was(3.4±0.9)points,(2.7±0.5)points,(1.7±0.6)points at postoperative days 1,3 and 7,significantly lower than that in traditional rehabilitation group[(4.3±1.1)points,(3.5±0.5)points,(2.7±0.9)points]( P<0.01). One month after operation,the incidence of pulmonary infection was 0% in enhanced recovery group and 28%(14/50)in traditional rehabilitation group( P<0.01). While there showed no significant differences in incidences of cardiovascular system,nervous system,urinary tract infection,lower limb deep vein thrombosis,impaired liver and kidney function,anemia,electrolyte disorder or hypoalbuminemia between the two groups( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in preoperative ADL score between the two groups( P>0.05). The ADL score in enhanced recovery group was(37.0±6.6)points,(70.1±8.4)points,(86.2±9.3)points at postoperative 1 week,1 month and 3 months,significantly higher than that in traditional rehabilitation group[(26.5±10.4)points,(50.1±11.4)points,(70.7±9.0)points]( P<0.01). The Harris hip score in enhanced recovery group was(80.9±8.6)points at postoperative 1 month,significantly higher than that in traditional rehabilitation group[(71.1±9.2)points]( P<0.01). There were no significant differences in Harris hip score between the two groups at postoperative 1 week,3 months and at the last follow-up( P>0.05). The length of hospital stay was(4.7±2.4)days in enhanced recovery group,significantly shorter than(7.8±3.9)days in traditional rehabilitation group( P<0.01). The enhanced recovery group showed no death within 3 months after operation and 2 deaths[5%(2/44)]at the last follow-up,while the traditional rehabilitation group revealed 4 deaths[8%(4/50)]within 3 months after operation. There was no significant difference in the mortality between the two groups until the last follow-up( P>0.05). Conclusion:For elderly patients with hip fracture,perioperative ERAS management model can effectively shorten periods in bed,relieve postoperative pain,reduce incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection,accelerate recovery of hip function,improve quality of life,shorten length of hospitalization and promote early recovery.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 777-783, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755712

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the impact on bone mineral density, serum bone metabolism markers, and the expression of osteoprotegerin ( OPG) and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand ( RANKL) in the adult offspring exposed to maternal high sucrose diet during gestation. Methods The pregnant Sprague-Dawley ( SD) rats were randomly divided into two groups: high sucrose diet group ( HS group ) rats were given 20% sucrose solution and standard rat food, normal diet group ( ND group) rats were provided with fresh tap water and standard rat food. The serum concentrations of alkaline phosphatase ( ALP ) , osteocalcin, tartrate resistant acid phosphatase-5b ( TRACP-5b) , OPG, and RANKL were measured by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA) . The lumbar vertebrae were attained and prepared for micro-computed tomography ( Micro-CT) scanning. Compared the expression of OPG and RANKL mRNA in the adult lumbar vertebrae were determined by realtime quantitative PCR. Results The maternal blood glucose levels and insulin levels were higher in the HS group( P<0.05) . The body weight gain during pregnancy and fetal body weight were heavier in the HS group(P<0.05). In HS group that compared to ND group, the serum concentrations of ALP and OPG were decreased,while TRACP-5b and RANKL were increased,and the ratio of OPG/RANKL were significantly increased(P<0.05). Compared to ND group, the bone mineral density, the bone volume per tissue volume, trabecular thickness, the trabecular number were decreased in HS group( P<0.05) . The trabecular separation was increased in HS group compared to ND group( P<0.05) . The expression of OPG mRNA in the offspring lumbar vertebrae was significantly down-regulated. Conversely, the expression of RANKL mRNA was significantly up-regulated. Conclusion Maternal high sucrose diet during gestational periods may affect the bone mineral density, serum bone metabolism markers, and the expression of OPG and RANKL in adult offspring.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 67-72, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745688

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of a hypoxia mimicking agent deferoxamine (DFO) on the mineral density,volume,architecture,strength,and metabolism of the bones in type 1 diabetic mice withosteoporosis.Methods Type 1 diabetic mice model was established by intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin.The mice were divided into control (normal mice),diabetes mellitus,and DFO groups.Micro-CT was used to analyze the bone mineral density,volume,architecture,and strength of the trabecule in the distal part of femurs.Three point bending test was carried out to evaluate the bone strength.Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe the alteration in the number of osteoblasts.Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expressions of Runt-related gene 2 (Runx-2),osteoclacin,and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in tibias.Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in tibias.Results There was a decrease in mineral density,volume,strength of bones as well as deteriorated trabecular microarchitecture in diabetic mice as compared to control mice,which were partially improved by DFO treatment.Moreover,DFO treatment increased the number of osteoblasts and mRNA expression levels of Runx-2,osteoclacin,TRAP,as well as protein expression levels of HIF-1 α and VEGF(P<0.05).Conclusion Bone loss could be partially prevented by DFO treatment in type 1 diabetic osteoporosis mice,which might be ascribed to increased bone formation via stimulating hypoxia inducible factor singnaling pathway.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 777-783, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797385

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the impact on bone mineral density, serum bone metabolism markers, and the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) in the adult offspring exposed to maternal high sucrose diet during gestation.@*Methods@#The pregnant Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into two groups: high sucrose diet group (HS group) rats were given 20% sucrose solution and standard rat food, normal diet group (ND group) rats were provided with fresh tap water and standard rat food. The serum concentrations of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin, tartrate resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRACP-5b), OPG, and RANKL were measured by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The lumbar vertebrae were attained and prepared for micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) scanning. Compared the expression of OPG and RANKL mRNA in the adult lumbar vertebrae were determined by realtime quantitative PCR.@*Results@#The maternal blood glucose levels and insulin levels were higher in the HS group(P<0.05). The body weight gain during pregnancy and fetal body weight were heavier in the HS group(P<0.05). In HS group that compared to ND group, the serum concentrations of ALP and OPG were decreased, while TRACP-5b and RANKL were increased, and the ratio of OPG/RANKL were significantly increased(P<0.05). Compared to ND group, the bone mineral density, the bone volume per tissue volume, trabecular thickness, the trabecular number were decreased in HS group(P<0.05). The trabecular separation was increased in HS group compared to ND group(P<0.05). The expression of OPG mRNA in the offspring lumbar vertebrae was significantly down-regulated. Conversely, the expression of RANKL mRNA was significantly up-regulated.@*Conclusion@#Maternal high sucrose diet during gestational periods may affect the bone mineral density, serum bone metabolism markers, and the expression of OPG and RANKL in adult offspring.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2372-2377, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Senile intertrochanteric fracture is characterized as aging, instability, more complications and high mortality, so choosing an appropriate internal fixation method is critical.OBJECTIVE: To compare the curative efficacy of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation and locking proximal femoral plate for senile osteoporotic patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures.METHODS: Sixty elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures were enrolled, and the clinical data were collected. They were randomized into treatment and control groups (n=30 per group), and subjected to internal fixation using proximal femoral nail anti-rotation and locking proximal femoral plate, respectively. The operative indexes,functional recovery and complications were observed in the two groups RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The incision length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss and time of weight bearing in the treatment group were significantly less than those in the control group (P < 0.01). (2) Harris hip scores in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). (3) The incidence of complications in the treatment group was obviously lower than that in the control group. (4) To conclude, the proximal femoral nail anti-rotation exhibits satisfactory treatment outcomes in the internal fixation of unstable intertrochanteric fractures.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL