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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 580-583, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426801

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of ISS and new injury severity score (NISS) in evaluation of complications and treatment outcomes in the multiple trauma patients combined with severe chest trauma.Methods AIS-2005 was used to carry out retrospective analysis of the 1 377 multiple trauma patients combined with severe chest trauma (thoracic AIS≥3 points) treated at Chongqing Emergency Medical Center from January 2005 to January 2011.In the meantime,the related NISS and ISS were calculated and their relations with mortality were analyzed.Results The overall healing,mortality and complication rate were 93.2%,6.8% and 28.5% respectively.Both the ISSN and ISS had positive correlation with morbidity of complications ( r =0.569,P <0.01 ;r =0.442,P <0.01 ) and mortality (r =0.693,P < 0.01 ; r =0.774,P < 0.01 ),but a stronger relevance was demonstrated between NISS and morbidity of complications and between ISS and mortality rate.NISS showed a higher sensitivity but less specificity than ISS in prediction of morbidity of complications (P < 0.01 ),and NISS was not superior to ISS in prediction of mortality ( P > 0.05 ).Conclusions Both NISS and ISS work well in evaluating the complications and treatment outcomes in multiple trauma patients combined with severe chest trauma.Thus,NISS should be applied for prediction of complication occurrence and ISS for treatment outcomes to maximize the prediction accuracy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 613-616, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426736

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the standards for management of traumatic intrapulmonary hematoma and hematocele.Methods A retrospective study was conducted on the data of 21 patients with traumatic pulmonary hematoma or hematocele (AIS≥4 points) treated at Chongqing Emergency Medical Center from August 1999 to August 2010.Results The overall mortality was 14% (3/21)and death causes were respiratory passage hemorrhea and asphyxia.About 67% of patients ( 14/21 ) were associated with hemoptysis,which lasted for 1-240 days (mean,15.8 days).The duration of hemoptysis due to traumatic intrapulmonary hematoma hematocele was about 3.4 times longer than that due to simple traumatic pneumatocele.The hematoma or cyst disappeared at average 61.6 days,with 3.4 times longer than the disappearance time of intrapulmonary hematoma or hematocele in comparison with that of simple pneumatocele.The size and position of traumatic pulmonary hematoma or pneumatocele influenced the treatment methods,outcomes and prognosis.Conclusions Standardized treatment for traumatic pulmonary hematoma or hematocele is key to improving the cure rate.Early emergency definitive surgery is required for patients with traumatic intrapulmonary hematoma or hematocele greater than 6.0 cm in diameter and for those with pneumatocele greater than 6.0 cm in diameter combined with incapability of keeping breathing due to severe air leakage.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 107-111, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396377

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of mobile intensive care and pre-hospital surgical service for patients with severe thoracic injuries so as to further improve success rate of treatment of severe thoracic trauma. Methods A retrospective study was done on the clinical data of 72 patients with severe thoracic injuries (AIS≥3) treated by surgeons from Chongqing Emergency Medical Center (CEMC) from April 1998 to August 2008. The patients were divided into pre-hospital group (n = 36) and in-hospital group (n = 36) according to the time that the definite surgery performed. Results (1) There was no significant statistical difference upon arrival time from scene to primary hospital between two groups (P > 0.05). For patients in pre-hospital group, the time to receive definite surgery was (3.9±4.1) hours, which was significant shorter than (9.6±8.2) hours in in-hospital group (P < 0.05). (2) There were no statistical significant differences upon blood loss volume and blood transfusion volume between two groups (P > 0.05). (3) There was no significant statistical difference upon ISS value between two groups (P > 0.05), but the RTS value of pre-hospital group was significantly lower than that of in-hospital group (P < 0.05). The incidence rate of shock in pre-hospital group was 86.1%, which was significantly higher than 41.7% in in-hospital group (P < 0.05). (4) The percentage of patients who received thoracic close drainage in pre-hospital group was 16.7%, which was significantly higher than 5.6% in in-hospital group. There was no significant statistical difference upon thoracic close drainage plus thoracotomy, thoracic close drainage plus laparotomy and thoracic close drainage plus other operations between two groups. However, the operative rate of thoracic close drainage plus thoracotomy for penetrating injury was 4.8 times higher than that for blunt injury in pre-hospital group, and 1.9 times higher than that for blunt injury in-hospitai group. The operative rate of thoracic close drainage plus laparotomy for blunt injury was 5 times higher than that for penetrating injury in prehospital group, and 4.5 times higher than that for penetrating injury in in-hospital group. The overall survival rate was 95.8% (69/72). Five of eight moribund patients were saved in pre-hospital group, the prevented death rate accounted for 13.9% (5/36) in this group. Conclusions It is flexible, safe and effective to implement mobile intensive care and definite lifesaving surgical interventions for patients with severe thoracic injuries in primary hospitals. After the condition of the patient is stabilized, a quick transportation of the patients to a higher level trauma centers (hospitals) for further treatment may reduce the pre-hospital death rate.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 489-492, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394389

ABSTRACT

Objective To further improve level of severe chest trauma care in the elderly pa-tients. Methods A retrospective study was done on data of 148 elderly patients (≥65 years with se-vere chest trauma (AIS≥3 points) (elderly group) treated in Chongqing Emergency Medical Center from June 1995 to May 2005. A total of 1669 patients at age less than 65 years and with AIS≥3 points were set as control group in the same research period (control group). Results The main injury mechanism was blunt trauma, which aceouted for 83.8% (124/148) in elderly group, higher than 69.3% (1 157/ 1 669) in control group (P < 0. 01). The injury causes were mainly traffic accidents, slip and fall from a height. Traffic accidents and slip accounted for 66.2% (98/148) and 14.9% (22/148) respectively, which was significantly higher than 50.6% (845/1 669) and 3.1% (52/1 669) respectively in control group (P < 0. 01). There was no statistical difference upon ISS, RTS, GCS and prehospital time between both groups (all P value > 0.05). The fatality rate and indicence rate of complication in the elerly group were 15.5% (23/148) and 25.7% (38/148), which was significantly higher than 6.5% (108/1 669) and 10.4% (174/1 669) respectively in control group (P <0.01). The fatality rate in elderly group with complications was significantly higher than that in control group (51.7% vs 26.7%) (P < 0.01), while those without complications showed no statistical difference between two groups (6.7% :3.5%) (P >0. 05). Conclusions The patient' s age and complications are relative independent factors to es-timate the trauma care outcome. To raise risk awareness and strengthen the management of complications and supportive treatments for organ function are key to improve survival rate of the elderly patients with se-vere chest trauma.

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