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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 367-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991150

ABSTRACT

Claudin18.2(CLDN18.2)is a tight junction protein that is overexpressed in a variety of solid tumors such as gastrointestinal cancer and oesophageal cancer.It has been identified as a promising target and a potential biomarker to diagnose tumor,evaluate efficacy,and determine patient prognosis.TST001 is a recombinant humanized CLDN18.2 antibody that selectively binds to the extracellular loop of human Claudin18.2.In this study,we constructed a solid target radionuclide zirconium-89(89Zr)labled-TST001 to detect the expression of in the human stomach cancer BGC823CLDN18.2 cell lines.The[89Zr]Zr-des-ferrioxamine(DFO)-TST001 showed high radiochemical purity(RCP,>99%)and specific activity(24.15±1.34 GBq/μmol),and was stable in 5%human serum albumin,and phosphate buffer saline(>85%RCP at 96 h).The EC50 values of TST001 and DFO-TST001 were as high as 0.413±0.055 and 0.361±0.058 nM(P>0.05),respectively.The radiotracer had a significantly higher average standard uptake values in CLDN18.2-positive tumors than in CLDN18.2-negative tumors(1.11±0.02 vs.0.49±0.03,P=0.0016)2 days post injection(p.i.).BGC823CLDN18.2 mice models showed high tumor/muscle ratios 96 h p.i.with[89Zr]Zr-DFO-TST001 was much higher than those of the other imaging groups.Immunohistochemistry results showed that BGC823CLDN18.2 tumors were highly positive(+++)for CLDN18.2,while those in the BGC823 group did not express CLDN18.2(-).The results of ex vivo biodistribution studies showed that there was a higher distribution in the BGC823CLDN18.2 tumor bearing mice(2.05±0.16%ID/g)than BGC823 mice(0.69±0.02%ID/g)and blocking group(0.72±0.02%ID/g).A dosimetry estimation study showed that the effective dose of[89Zr]Zr-DFO-TST001 was 0.0705 mSv/MBq,which is within the range of acceptable doses for nuclear medicine research.Taken together,these re-sults suggest that Good Manufacturing Practices produced by this immuno-positron emission tomog-raphy probe can detect CLDN18.2-overexpressing tumors.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 443-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920909

ABSTRACT

Hepatic fibrosis (HF) is a self-healing pathological process after all kinds of chronic liver injuries and can cause diseases such as liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. The Wnt signaling pathway is highly conserved in species evolution and widely exists in invertebrates and vertebrates, and many studies have confirmed that the Wnt signaling pathway is closely associated with the development and progression of HF. This article reviews the mechanisms of the classical and non-classical Wnt signaling pathways in regulating hepatic stellate cells, hepatic macrophages, and hepatic progenitor cells, so as to provide new ideas for subsequent studies on the mechanism of the Wnt signaling pathway in regulating HF and further exploration of therapeutic targets that can reverse HF.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 70-78, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921266

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (AR-NHL) is a high-risk factor for morbidity and mortality in patients with AIDS. This study aimed to determine the prognostic factors associated with overall survival (OS) and to develop a prognostic nomogram incorporating computed tomography imaging features in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (AR-NHL).@*METHODS@#A total of 121 AR-NHL patients between July 2012 and November 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical and radiological independent predictors of OS were confirmed using multivariable Cox analysis. A prognostic nomogram was constructed based on the above clinical and radiological factors and then provided optimum accuracy in predicting OS. The predictive accuracy of the nomogram was determined by Harrell C-statistic. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to determine median OS. The prognostic value of adjuvant therapy was evaluated in different subgroups.@*RESULTS@#In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, involvement of mediastinal or hilar lymph nodes, liver, necrosis in the lesions, the treatment with chemotherapy, and the CD4 ≤100 cells/μL were independent risk factors for poor OS (all P < 0.050). The predictive nomogram based on Cox regression has good discrimination (Harrell C-index = 0.716) and good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test, P = 0.620) in high- and low-risk groups. Only patients in the high-risk group who received adjuvant chemotherapy had a significantly better survival outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#A survival-predicting nomogram was developed in this study, which was effective in assessing the survival outcomes of patients with AR-NHL. Notably, decision-making of chemotherapy regimens and more frequent follow-up should be considered in the high-risk group determined by this model.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Neoplasm Staging , Nomograms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 433-439, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and regulatory mechanism of miR-125b-1-3p in rotavirus replication.Methods:MA104 cells were infected with rotavirus after upregulation and down-regulation of miR-125b-1-3p, respectively. The expression of miR-125b-1-3p and the copy number of rotavirus were analyzed by RT-PCR. The effect of miR-125b-1-3p on the protein expression of rotavirus was analyzed by immunofluorescence. The expression of related proteins involved in the regulation of miR-125b-1-3p was analyzed by Western blot analysis.Results:After rotavirus infection, the expression level of miR-125b-1-3p was significantly up-regulated, the copy number of VP7 and NSP3 gene of rotavirus decreased after up-regulation of miR-125b-1-3p, and the copy number of VP7 and NSP3 gene of rotavirus was significantly increased after down-regulation of miR-125b-1-3p.The fluorescence number of rotavirus protein decreased after upregulation of miR-125b-1-3p expression level, and increased after down-regulation of miR-125b-1-3p expression level. The activity of PI3K/Akt pathway was inhibited 16 h after rotavirus infection, and the up-regulation of miR-125b-1-3p could inhibit the activation of PI3K/Akt pathway.Conclusions:MiR-125b-1-3p inhibits rotavirus replication by regulating the PI3K/Akt pathway. These results provide an experimental basis for exploring the specific regulatory mechanism between miR-125b-1-3p and PI3K/Akt pathway, and provide a target for anti-infection therapy of rotavirus.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 735-740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and analyze the differences of common dose indicators before and after operation of 3D-printing template assisted by CT-guided 125I seed implantation in the treatment of bone metastases to guide clinical application. Methods:A retrospective analysis of 12 lesions in the 10 patients (9 males and 1 female, median age 65 years), who underwent seed implantation surgery for bone metastases in the Tianjin Third Central Hospital from June 2019 to January 2021, was conducted. All the lesions were adopted for 3D-printing template to guide seed implantation and the prescribed dose was 120-140 Gy. The differences of common dose indicators between preoperative treatment plan and postoperative verification plan were compared, including D90 (dose received by 90% of the target volume), D100 (dose received by 100% of the target volume), V90 (the volume percent for tumor target volume receiving 90% of the prescribed dose), V100 (the volume percent for tumor target volume receiving 100% of the prescribed dose), V150 (the volume percent for tumor target volume receiving 150 % of the prescribed dose), as well as the quantity of seeds planned and actually used. The paired t-test was performed to compare and analyze those parameters. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in pre- and postoperative D90, D100, V90, V100, V150 ( P > 0.05). The actual quantity of seeds used after operation was more than that of the preoperative planned quantity and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-2.930, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The clinical use of 3D-printing template assisted by CT-guided 125I seed implantation for bone metastasis should be promoted since the dose is accurate and the requirements of preoperative plan can be achieved.

6.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 772-777, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of different sufentanil doses on hemodynamics and interleukin (IL)-6 in children with ventricular septal defect repair (VSDR).Methods:A total of 96 children who underwent VSDR surgery in Three Gorges Hospital Affiliated to Chongqing University from January 2016 to June 2019 were selected. Children with VSDR were enrolled and divided into A group (0.8 μg/kg), B group (1.0 μg/kg) and C group (1.1 μg/kg) according their sufentanil doses. The heart rate (HR), contraction pressure (SBP), the brain electric double frequency index (BIS) and IL-6 in different time were studied and compared. The adverse cardiovascular events and other indicators were studied and compared.Results:At t 2 to t 6, there were significant difference among the three groups in HR, A group: (104.62 ± 10.58), (128.73 ± 13.29), (127.59 ± 13.53), (125.62 ± 12.60) and (118.49 ± 11.62) times/min, B group: (100.27 ± 10.11), (119.33 ± 12.62), (116.57 ± 11.40), (113.57 ± 11.94) and (113.37 ± 11.46) times/min, C group: (87.92 ± 8.87), (98.62 ± 9.69), (94.42 ± 9.38), (88.72 ± 8.62) and (89.36 ± 9.17) times/min; SBP, A group: (79.54 ± 7.59), (102.75 ± 10.62), (90.62 ± 9.52), (85.19 ± 8.62) and (83.98 ± 8.62) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), B group: (76.74 ± 7.28), (90.45 ± 9.57), (87.38 ± 8.51), (84.72 ± 8.50) and (83.77 ± 8.58) mmHg, C group: (70.62 ± 7.27), (75.62 ± 7.83), (72.69 ± 7.80), (71.28 ± 7.43) and (71.39 ±7.16) mmHg, P<0.05. At t 2 to t 4, there were significant differences among the three groups in BIS, A group: 48.64 ± 5.03, 53.58 ± 5.71 and 59.61 ± 5.87, B group: 48.79 ± 5.12, 50.23 ± 5.24 and 57.75 ± 5.66, C group: 43.59 ± 4.62, 50.31 ± 5.34, 55.26 ± 5.53, P<0.05. At T 2 to T 6, there was a significant difference among the three groups in IL-6, A group: (0.41 ± 0.06), (0.49 ± 0.11), (0.53 ± 0.13), (0.82 ± 0.17) and (0.61 ± 0.15) μg/L, B group: (0.38 ± 0.05), (0.42 ± 0.08), (0.46 ± 0.09), (0.75 ± 0.14) and (0.53 ± 0.12) μg/L, C group: (0.35 ± 0.05), (0.40 ± 0.06), (0.43 ± 0.07), (0.72 ± 0.12) and (0.51 ± 0.11) μg/L, P<0.05. Compared with that in A group and C group, HR, SBP and BIS in B group had relatively low volatility. At T 2 to T 6, IL-6 level in A group was significantly higher than that in B group and C group, and there was a statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The incidence of cardiovascular adverse events in A group and C group was significantly higher than that in B group, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:1.0 μg/kg sufentanil can have less effect on hemodynamics and IL-6 in children with VSDR with less adverse cardiovascular events and other indicators.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 355-358, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To confirm the possible pathogen causing an outbreak of respiratory infectious disease in Beijing.Methods:Oropharyngeal swabs were collected from 14 cases with fever and detected by RT-PCR for respiratory viruses and bacteria. For specimens positive for adenoviruses, Fiber, Hexon and Penton gene fragments were amplified with specific primers and sequenced. BLAST and phylogenetic tree were used for sequence analysis.Results:All of the 14 specimens were adenovirus-positive. BLAST analysis of the sequences of Fiber, hexon and Penton genes showed that the 14 cases were all caused by adenovirus 3. The phylogenic tree analysis indicated that this adenovirus was closely related to an adenovirus of 3a51 genotype (GenBank No: KF268123) isolated in the USA in 2007.Conclusions:Human adenovirus genotype 3a51 caused this outbreak of respiratory infectious disease in Beijing.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 312-315, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of leptin on pyroptosis in hippocampal cells during brain injury in a rat model of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).Methods:Fifty-four clean-grade male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 12 weeks, weighing 200-250 g, were divided into 3 groups( n=18 each)by a random number table method: sham operation group (S group), OLT-induced brain injury group (Liver group) and leptin group (Lep group). The model of OLT was established according to the " two-cuff" technique in anesthetized rats in Liver and Lep groups.The perihepatic ligament was only isolated and freed in S group.Leptin 1 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after portal vein occlusion in Lep group.The equal volume of normal saline was intraperitoneally injected at the same time point in S group and Liver group.Twelve rats in each group were selected on day 3 after surgery and sacrificed, and the hippocampal tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes (with a light microscope) and for determination of the expression of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-18 and gasdermin D (GSDMD) mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction) and expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD (by Western blot). Morris water maze test was performed in the remaining 6 rats in each group on day 30 after surgery. Results:Compared with S group, the count of viable neurons in hippocampi was significantly decreased, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD protein and mRNA was up-regulated, the time of staying at the platform quadrant was shortened, and the escape latency was prolonged in Liver and Lep groups ( P<0.05). Compared with Liver group, the count of viable neurons in hippocampi was significantly increased, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18 and GSDMD protein and mRNA was down-regulated, the time of staying at the platform quadrant was prolonged, and the escape latency was shortened in Lep group ( P<0.05). The pathological changes of hippocampal tissues were significantly attenuated in Liver group when compared with Lep group. Conclusion:The mechanism by which leptin reduces brain injury is related to inhibiting pyroptosis in hippocampal cells in a rat model of OLT.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 247-250, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869651

ABSTRACT

With the improvement of surgical methods, more and more patients with varicocele accepted operations. The management of the patients after varicocelectomy needs to be strengthened. In the present review article, evaluation for curative outcomes and follow-up therapeutic selections were introduced systematically, including watchful waiting, non-operative methods, and reoperation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 760-763, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics and quantitative evaluation of Brucella spondylitis patients by magnetic resonance T2 mapping. Methods:A prospective clinical study was conducted to analyze the MRI data of 23 patients with brucellosis spondylitis diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2016 to September 2018, and 25 healthy volunteers were selected as the control group. MRI was used to examine the vertebral bodies of the subjects, and T2 mapping map was automatically generated. Regions of interest (ROI) were selected on the T2 mapping map to generate T2 mapping values automatically. The T2 mapping values of diseased vertebrae, adjacent unaffected vertebrae, paravertebral abscess and healthy volunteers were analyzed.Results:Among 48 MRI examinees, 23 cases were Brucella spondylitis, including 17 males and 6 females, aged (38.5 ± 13.4) years; 25 healthy volunteers, including 15 males and 10 females, aged (35.1 ± 12.7) years. In 23 patients with Brucella spondylitis, 5 thoracic vertebrae, 40 lumbar vertebrae and 7 sacral vertebrae were involved, with a total of 52 vertebral bodies. Among them, 11 (21.2%) vertebral bodies showed bone marrow edema on MRI, 41 (78.8%) vertebral bodies showed bone marrow edema and vertebral bone destruction. T2 mapping values of the diseased vertebrae, adjacent unaffected vertebrae and paravertebral abscess in Brucella spondylitis patients and normal vertebrae in healthy volunteers were (115.62 ± 11.37), (75.21 ± 5.57), (240.26 ± 30.67) and (77.29 ± 4.19) ms, respectively. There were significant differences between the diseased vertebrae in Brucella spondylitis and adjacent unaffected vertebrae in Brucella spondylitis, and there were significant differences between the diseased vertebrae in Brucella spondylitis and normal vertebrae in healthy volunteers ( t = 26.78, 19.42, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Magnetic resonance T2 mapping can be used to evaluate the pathological tissues in Brucella spondylitis patients, and it has certain guiding significance for the quantitative description and qualitative diagnosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 384-388, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805238

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the significance of different clinicopathologic features on prognosis of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of vulva.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the prognostic relevance of different clinicopathological variables of 201 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of vulva treated in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The data including age, initial symptoms, stage, location, tumor size, histological grade, number and size of metastatic lymph nodes, treatment mode, and presence of leukoplakia vulva was used to evaluate the prognosis of vulvar squamous cell carcinoma.@*Results@#The median age of onset was 62.0 years old, with 74 patients in stage Ⅰ, 27 in stage Ⅱ, 55 in stage Ⅲ and 9 in stage Ⅳ. The median progression-free survival was 90.0 months. The 5-year progression-free survival rate of the total patients was 55.5%, while the 10-year progression-free survival rate was 48.5%. Univariate analysis showed statistically significant prognostic parameters included clinical stage, number of metastatic lymph nodes, tumor size and treatment mode (all P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that number of metastatic lymph nodes (P<0.05) was an independent prognostic factor for progression-free survival.@*Conclusion@#The study illustrates that number of metastatic lymph nodes represents important independent factor for progression-free survival of patients with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma.

12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 820-825, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801326

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a nude mouse model of subcutaneous lung cancer using dual fluorescence reporting genes of luciferase (Luc) and near-infrared fluorescent protein (iRFP).@*Methods@#The Luc and iRFP expressed lentiviral vector was constructed by Gateway method. After verified by sequencing, the lentivirus particle was prepared and infected into lung cancer A549 cells. Successfully infected A549 (mA549) cells were selected by puromycin and amplified. The expression of Luc and iRFP were observed under fluorescence microscope, and the expression of c-Met protein on the cell surface was detected by immunofluorescence. Twelve female nude mice were randomly divided into 2 groups, 6 in each group. A549 and mA549 cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the right forelimb of nude mice. The growth and fluorescence expression of the tumor were observed by in vivo imaging. The tumor formation was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry.@*Results@#The Luc and iRFP stably expressed mA549 cell line was successfully constructed. The expressions of iRFP and Luc in mA549 cells were observed under fluorescence microscope. The results of immunofluorescence showed that c-Met protein expressed in both A549 cells and mA549 cells. The growth period of mA549 xenograft in nude mice was moderate and the tumorigenesis rate was 100%. The growth trend of mA549 cells in vivo was not significantly different from that of A549 cells (P>0.05). HE staining and immunohistochemistry results showed that the tumor issues displayed typical histopathological features of tumor. Immunohistochemistry results showed that both A549 and mA549 tumors expressed c-Met protein.@*Conclusion@#A stable, real-time monitoring model of iRFP-Luc-A549 lung cancer cell xenograft in nude mice was successfully constructed.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 589-595, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797039

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical application effects of an iliac-crest-preserving iliac wing bone graft harvesting technique and the bone regenerative ability of the donor site after harvesting.@*Methods@#From January 2016 to June 2017, a series of 39 patients including 28 men and 11 women aged between 16 and 59 y (35±13 y in average) were prospectively collected to treat bone defects using the iliac-crest-preserving iliac wing bone graft harvesting technique. The patient cohort included 38 ipsilateral and 1 bilateral bone harvests taken from 15 femoral fracture non-unions, 8 tibial fracture non-unions, 11 femoral head necroses (hip preserving surgery), 1 tuberculosis deriving hip arthritis with bone defect (total hip arthroplasty), 2 hip prosthesis loosenings (revision), and 2 proximal femoral benign tumors. All patients were treated through comprehensive surgeries containing autologous iliac bone grafting. The surgical time, blood loss, bone graft volume, 24 h post-operative visual analogue scale (VSA) at the iliac surgical site, complications, and bone regeneration of the donor site were documented and evaluated.@*Results@#In the 39 patients (40 sides), the average surgical time was 25±4 min, average blood loss was 79±23 ml, average bone graft volume was 27±6 cm3. The average 24 h post-operative VAS at the iliac surgical site was 1.8±0.7 points. The VSA at the 6 week later and thereafter were 0 in all patients. The iliac incisions in 38 patients (39 sides) were healed uneventfully. However, seroma at the iliac surgical site emerged in 1 patient at the 6th post-operative day in the manner of serous exudation and was treated successfully with non-operative measures. None infections and lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injuries took place. Iatrogenic non-displaced iliac crest fractures happened in the very first 2 patients when taking the crest as a pivot to pry up the graft, which united without special cure at the 3 month post-operative. This complication was completely avoided when shifting the pivot to the anterior pillar containing the anterior iliac spines. None pelvic fractures and heterotopic ossifications took place. Post-operative radiographical examinations revealed that the bone defects at the donor site shrank through bone regeneration, that mamillary or canine-tooth-shaped bone formation occurred in some of the cases, and that none complete bone regeneration took place to eliminate the bone defect at the donor. There were 12 patients in whom pre- and post-operative computed tomographic scans necessitated by the disease were prescribed, which facilitated the measuring of the bone defect at the donor site. The measurement of 13 sides revealed that the bone defects were decreased more or less: the average immediate post-operative bone defect was 25.7±6.5 cm2, the average 12 month post-operative bone defect was 12.7±5.3 cm2.@*Conclusion@#The iliac wing bone graft harvesting technique suggested here is safe and less invasive, in the premise of preserving the iliac crest and retaining the figure of the surgical site, it can harvest a large amount of iliac wing bone graft and reserve the bone regenerative ability of the donor site

14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 836-842, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789166

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of Danhong injection on the expression of nephrin podocin protein and gene in the kidney of membranous nephropathy rats.Methods A total of 34 male clean level SD rats were divided at random into the normal control group (8 rats),model group (26 rates).The model group were injected the C-BSA into caudal vein to establish the model of the membranous nephropathy.After four week of succession of the models,two model rats were taken to confirm the success of the model.Another 24 models divided at random into model group,Losartan potassium treatment group and Danhong injection treatment group,8 in each group.In the losartan group,the losartan 40 mg/kg was administered,and the Danhong group was injected with 4 ml/kg of Danhong injection in the tail vein for 4 weeks.The rat urine was collected after the last administration,and 24 h urine protein was determined by spectrophotometer.The serum total protein,albumin,TC and TG levels were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer.The renal pathological changes were observed by HE staining.The expressions of nephrin,podocin and WT1 labeled podocytes were detected by immunohistochemical staining.The expressions of nephrin and podocin in renal tissue were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot,and the results were correlated.Results Compared with the model group,the content of serum albumin increased in the Danhong group (P<0.01),24 h urine protein quantitation,TC,TG significantly decreased (P<0.01).The expression of nephrin protein (1.12 ± 0.03 vs.0.57 ± 0.09),podocin protein (0.99 ± 0.04 vs.0.53 ± 0.08),nephrin mRNA (0.49 ± 0.08 vs.0.14 ± 0.02),podocin mRNA (0.50 ± 0.11 vs.1.18 ± 0.05) in Danhong group significantly increased (P<0.01),and the number of podocytes labeled with WT1 (14.88% ± 1.73% vs.9.63% ± 1.69%) significantly increased (P<0.05).Correlation analysis showed that 24 h urine protein quantitation and expression of nephrin protein (r=-0.908),podocin protein (r=-0.916),nephrin mRNA (r=-0.930),podocin mRNA (r=-0.923).There was a negative correlation between serum albumin (r=-0.934) and podocyte count (r=-0.778) (P<0.01),and positive correlation with TC (r=0.814) and TG (r=0.870) (P<0.01).Conclusions The Danhong injection may reduce the urine protein of membranous nephropathy rats by up-regulating the expression of nephrin,podocin mRNA and protein in renal cells of membranous nephropathy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 165-169, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736765

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the pathogenic surveillance programs and related factors on bacillary dysentery in Beijing,2008-2017,to provide evidence for the practices of diagnosis,treatment and prevention of the disease.Methods Analysis was conducted on surveillance data of bacillary dysentery,collected from the surveillance areas of national bacillary dysentery in Beijing.Shigella positive rate of stool samples were used as the gold standard while detection rate of Shigella,diagnostic accordance rate and resistance were computed on data from the surveillance programs.Chi-square test was used to compare the rates and unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the related factors of Shigella infection.Results Both the reported incidence rate on bacillary dysentery and detection rate of Shigella in diarrhea patients showed significantly decreasing trend,from 2008 to 2017.The accordance rate of bacillary dysentery was only 7.80% (111/1 423).Shigella sonnei was the most frequently isolated strain (73.95%,159/215) followed by Shigella flexnery.Results from the multivariate logistic regression of Shigella positive rate revealed that among those patients who were routine test of stool positive vs.routine test of stool positive (OR=1.863,95%CI:1.402-2.475),onset from July to October vs.other months' time (OR=7.271,95%CI:4.514-11.709) temperature ≥38 ℃ vs.temperature <38 ℃ (OR=4.516,95%CI:3.369-6.053) and age from 6 to 59 years old vs.other ages (OR =1.617,95 % CI:1.085-2.410),presenting higher positive detection rates of Shigella from the stool tests.The resistant rates on ampicillin and nalidixic acid were 97.57% (201/206) and 94.90% (186/196),both higher than on other antibiotics.The resistant rates on ciprofloxacin (16.33%,32/196),ofloxacin (9.57%,11/115) and on amoxilin (15.05%,31/206) were relatively low.The resistant rate appeared higher on Shigellaflexnery than on Shigella sonnei.The proportion of strains with resistance on 3 more drugs,was 30.00% (21/70).Conclusions The diagnostic accordance rate of bacillary dysentery in Beijing was low,with severe resistance of Shigella.Our findings suggested that clinicians should take multiple factors into account in their practices about epidemiological history,clinical symptom and testing results for diarrhea patients.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 89-93, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734075

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the timing of administration of Conbercept in the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) before operation and its effect on neovascularization vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).Methods 90 patients (90 eyes) with PDR who underwent vitrectomy (PPV) were randomly divided into groups A,B and C,with 30 cases in each group.Group A received no intravitreal injection of Conbercept before operation,group B received intravitreal injection of Conbercept 3 days before operation,and group C received intravitreal injection of Conbercept 5 days before operation.The operation condition,visual acuity level,concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor in aqueous humor and positive expression of vascular growth factor in neovascularization membrane were compared in the three groups.Results There was no significant difference in the incidence of iatrogenic hiatus during operation,transient high intraocular pressure and hyphema after operation in the three groups (P > 0.05).Compared with group A,group B and C had shorter the operation time,less electrocoagulation,lower LogMAR BCVA (best corrected visual acuity) three months after operation (P ≤ 0.05).There was no significant difference in the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor between group B and group C before vitreous injection (P > 0.05).The expression of VEGF in aqueous humor of group B and group C was lower than that of group A (P ≤ 0.05),and the total positive expression rate of VEGF in neovascularization membrane of group B and group C was 76.67% and 73.33% respectively,lower than that of group A (100.0%,P ≤0.05).The vitreous re-bleeding of group B and group C was 6.67% and 10.0%,lower than that of group A (32.14%,P ≤ 0.05).While there was no significant difference between group B and group C (P >0.05).Conclusions Vitreous injection of Conbercept before PPV in PDR patients can reduce the concentration of VEGF in aqueous humor and the positive expression rate of VEGF in neovascularization membrane,significantly improve visual acuity and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications.The effect of vitreous injection 3 and 5 days before PPV is basically the same.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 207-212, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745099

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce an efficient way to orientate S1 iliosacral screw guide-pin verified by CT.Methods The pelvic axial CT data in DICOM format of 180 adults between July 2017 and June 2018 were retrieved from the database of Imaging Center,Luoyang Orthopaedic Hospital of Henan Province.The data were input into the software Mimics 20.0 to display the axial,coronal and sagittal sectional views of the pelvis.On the axial CT sectional view displaying the largest osseous pathway in the S1 segment,a virtual iliosacral screw and its virtual guide-pin were accurately placed into the sacral body in an oblique fashion.In the design of ideal insertion,the virtual screw and guide-pin were truly in the pelvic transverse plane when they were located exactly in the pelvic axial CT sectional view,and they intersected the outer iliac table at the start-point which restricted the guide-pin's location,and angulated with the pelvic coronal plane (represented by a line connecting the most dorsal points of bilateral ilia) at an angle (α) which limited the guide-pin's orientation.After three-dimensional pelvic models of the standard lateral sacral view and the pelvic outlet and inlet views in each patient were calculated,they were displayed in a transparent manner using the software,followed by the virtual insertion of the screw and guide-pin.After the start-point was established on the standard lateral sacral view,the guide-pin was orientated into the pelvic transverse plane and at the guide-pin's α angle relative to the pelvic coronal plane,and subsequently inserted into the ilium shallowly for stabilization.The pelvic outlet and inlet views were taken to judge the guide-pin's orientation.If fine orientation was verified,the guide-pin was advanced to its final position,followed by virtual insertion of an iliosacral screw over the guide-pin.After the virtual insertion was completed,the axial,coronal and sagittal CT sectional views of the pelvis were scrutinized to evaluate the accuracy of insertion.Results After all the guide-pins were orientated in the 180 adults (360 sides) on the true sacral lateral view according to the above way,their orientations on the pelvic outlet and inlet views were 100% fine,leaving further adjustment unnecessary.The intraosseous insertions of the virtual screws and guide-pins were 100% accurate and safe on the CT sectional images.Conclusion The way introduced here can theoretically guarantee accurate orientations of the guide-pin on the pelvic outlet and inlet views with no more complex guide-pin adjustments,assuring insertion accuracy and enhancing surgical efficiency.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 327-330, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755551

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of leptin on brain injury and long-term cognitive function in rats undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation. Methods Ninety clean-grade male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 3 months, weighing 200-250 g, were divided into 3 groups by a random number table method: sham operation group ( S group) , liver ischemia-reperfusion ( I∕R) group ( I∕R group) and lep-tin group ( L group) , with 18 rats in each group. Orthotopic liver transplantation was performed to estab-lish the model of liver I∕R injury in I∕R and L groups. Leptin 1 mg∕kg was intraperitoneally injected at the onset of ischemia in L group, and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead of leptin in S and I∕R groups. Twelve rats in each group were sacrificed at 3 days after operation, and brains were removed for ex-amination of the pathological changes in hippocampal CA1 region ( with a light microscope) and for determi-nation of apoptosis in hippocampal neurons ( by TUNEL assay) and expression of aquaporin 4 ( AQP4) and protein kinase C ( PKC) in the hippocampus ( by Western blot) . The apoptosis rate was calculated. The remaining 6 rats in each group underwent a Morris water maze test at 30 days after surgery to evaluate long-term cognitive function. Results Compared with S group, the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was significantly increased, the expression of AQP4 and PKC was up-regulated, the escape latency was pro-longed, and the time of staying at the platform quadrant was shortened in I∕R and L groups (P<0. 05). Compared with I∕R group, the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was significantly decreased, the ex-pression of AQP4 and PKC was down-regulated, the escape latency was shortened, and the time of staying at the platform quadrant was prolonged in L group (P<0. 05). Conclusion Leptin can reduce the brain damage in rats undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation, the mechanism may be related to down-regulating the expression of PKC and AQP4, and leptin can also improve long-term cognitive function after orthotopic liver transplantation in rats.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 589-595, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755197

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical application effects of an iliac-crest-preserving iliac wing bone graft harvesting technique and the bone regenerative ability of the donor site after harvesting.Methods From January 2016 to June 2017,a series of 39 patients including 28 men and 11 women aged between 16 and 59 y (35± 13 y in average) were prospectively collected to treat bone defects using the iliac-crest-preserving iliac wing bone graft harvesting technique.The patient cohort included 38 ipsilateral and 1 bilateral bone harvests taken from 15 femoral fracture non-unions,8 tibial fracture non-unions,11 femoral head necroses (hip preserving surgery),1 tuberculosis deriving hip arthritis with bone defect (total hip arthroplasty),2 hip prosthesis loosenings (revision),and 2 proximal femoral benign tumors.All patients were treated through comprehensive surgeries containing autologous iliac bone grafting.The surgical time,blood loss,bone graft volume,24 h post-operative visual analogue scale (VSA) at the iliac surgical site,complications,and bone regeneration of the donor site were documented and evaluated.Results In the 39 patients (40 sides),the average surgical time was 25±4 min,average blood loss was 79±23 ml,average bone graft volume was 27±6 cm3.The average 24 h post-operative VAS at the iliac surgical site was 1.8±0.7 points.The VSA at the 6 week later and thereafter were 0 in all patients.The iliac incisions in 38 patients (39 sides) were healed uneventfully.However,seroma at the iliac surgical site emerged in 1 patient at the 6th post-operative day in the manner of serous exudation and was treated successfully with non-operative measures.None infections and lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injuries took place.Iatrogenic non-displaced iliac crest fractures happened in the very first 2 patients when taking the crest as a pivot to pry up the graft,which united without special cure at the 3 month post-operative.This complication was completely avoided when shifting the pivot to the anterior pillar containing the anterior iliac spines.None pelvic fractures and heterotopic ossifications took place.Post-operative radiographical examinations revealed that the bone defects at the donor site shrank through bone regeneration,that mamillary or canine-tooth-shaped bone formation occurred in some of the cases,and that none complete bone regeneration took place to eliminate the bone defect at the donor.There were 12 patients in whom pre-and post-operative computed tomographic scans necessitated by the disease were prescribed,which facilitated the measuring of the bone defect at the donor site.The measurement of 13 sides revealed that the bone defects were decreased more or less:the average immediate post-operative bone defect was 25.7±6.5 cm2,the average 12 month post-operative bone defect was 12.7±5.3 cm2.Conclusion The iliac wing bone graft harvesting technique suggested here is safe and less invasive,in the premise of preserving the iliac crest and retaining the figure of the surgical site,it can harvest a large amount of iliac wing bone graft and reserve the bone regenerative ability of the donor site.

20.
Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics ; (4): 76-90, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772952

ABSTRACT

Agricultural activities, including stock-farming, planting industry, and fish aquaculture, can affect the physicochemical and biological characters of freshwater lakes. However, the effects of pollution producing by agricultural activities on microbial ecosystem of lakes remain unclear. Hence, in this work, we selected Honghu Lake as a typical lake that is influenced by agriculture activities. We collected water and sediment samples from 18 sites, which span a wide range of areas from impacted and less-impacted areas. We performed a geospatial analysis on the composition of microbial communities associated with physicochemical properties and antibiotic pollution of samples. The co-occurrence networks of water and sediment were also built and analyzed. Our results showed that the microbial communities of impacted and less-impacted samples of water were largely driven by the concentrations of TN, TP, NO-N, and NO-N, while those of sediment were affected by the concentrations of Sed-OM and Sed-TN. Antibiotics have also played important roles in shaping these microbial communities: the concentrations of oxytetracycline and tetracycline clearly reflected the variance in taxonomic diversity and predicted functional diversity between impacted and less-impacted sites in water and sediment samples, respectively. Furthermore, for samples from both water and sediment, large differences of network topology structures between impacted and less-impacted were also observed. Our results provide compelling evidence that the microbial community can be used as a sentinel of eutrophication and antibiotics pollution risk associated with agricultural activity; and that proper monitoring of this environment is vital to maintain a sustainable environment in Honghu Lake.


Subject(s)
Animals , Agriculture , Anti-Bacterial Agents , China , Eutrophication , Geologic Sediments , Chemistry , Microbiology , Lakes , Chemistry , Microbiology , Microbiota , Risk Factors , Water Pollutants, Chemical
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