Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Filter
Add filters








Language
Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 601-604, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805211

ABSTRACT

Discordance, such as overlap, repetition and inconsistent, of standards is one of the major problems in current standardization affair in China. Therefore, improving the unity and authority of standards through reduction of overlap, repetition and inconsistency has become the main goal of deepening standardization reform in China. This paper summarizes the discordance in public health standards in China, analyzes the major reasons and provides specific strategic suggestions through case analysis of public health standards in the ways of comparisons of same kind standards of other deparments and standards in administration documents and guidelines or technical specifications of academic associations or societies.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702568

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the susceptibility profile of Acinetobacter baumannii to antimicrobial agents,and validate the results of different antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods,for improving the quality of antibiotic resistance monitoring data.Methods The susceptibility data of Hebei Provincial Antimicrobial Resistant Investigation Net were analyzed retrospectively and 126 strains ofA.baumannii were collected.The susceptibility ofA.baumannii to piperacillintazobactam,amikacin,gentamicin,ciprofloxacin,levofloxacin,ceftazidime,imipenem,and meropenem was tested by E-test,KirbyBauer method and VITEK system.Results The susceptibility results of the 126 A.baumannii strains showed that the susceptibility to piperacillin-tazobactam,amikacin,gentamicin,levofloxacin and ceftazidime was significantly different between the three methods (P<0.05).The categorical agreement,major error,minor error,and very major error of Kirby-Bauer method were within acceptable range.There were evident difference in classification consistency for piperacillin-tazobactam,amikacin,levofloxacin between Kirby-Bauer method and VITEK (P<0.05).Conclusions Different antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods may lead to different results of resistance monitoring data.Bias may be generated in antibiotic resistance surveillance if different methods are used.The susceptibility results of piperacillin-tazobactam,amikacin,levofloxacin derived from VITEK system should be validated by Kirby-Bauer or E-test method.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383587

ABSTRACT

Objectives To analyze the characteristics of antigenic genes of clinical Bordetella pertussis strains recently isolated by analyzing the sequence of pertussis toxin S1 subunit(ptxS1) , pertactin (Prn) , fimbriae 2 (Fim2) and fimbriae 3 (Fim3 ) genes of four clinical isolates. Methods The 4 clinical isolates were collected in 2002 in Shijiazhuang of Hebei province. Four strains were isolated from pertussis patient's nasopharyngeal aspirate. ptxS1, Prn, Fim2 and Fim3 genes of these strains were amplified and sequenced. The sequences of those genes were compared with those of the isolates in GenBank and the isoaltes used in the production of pertussis vaccine in China. Results The results of the gene sequencing showed the four clinical isolates belonged to ptxS1 A type, which were different from those in vaccine strains. In addition, three Prn and three Fim'3 variants were observed in the four clinical isolates. Sequence analysis showed that the nucleotide sequence and deduced amino acid sequence of those strains had more than 99% identity with those in vaccine strains. The phylogenetic trees of those genes also showed these strains had a higher level of similarity with other Bordetella pertussis strains. Conclusion The four clinical isolates are different from vaccine strains in four antigenic genes, which laid a foundation for further studies on pertussis epidemiology,quality control and development of pertussis vaccine in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380907

ABSTRACT

The urine formed elements staining is of importance for diagnosis and differential diagnosis of urine system diseases. In this article, we describe several kinds of improved staining techniques, such as cytochemistry staining, fluorescent staining and textile dye staining. The prospect of urine formed elements staining technology is also described.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411640

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the change of blood pressure in 1079 workers for fifteen years and the effect of anti-hypertension drugs therapy. Methods We investigated the blood pressure of 1079 workers who were enrolled in six organizations in the year 1983 and 1998 respectively. Results During the 15 years: (1)Mean value of blood pressure: systolic blood pressure increased 22 mmHg in man and 16.9 mmHg in women; diastolic blood pressure increased 9 mmHg in man and 12.7 mmHg in women (P<0.05);(2)The incidence of hypertension increased by 25.03% in man and 28.28% in women;(3)The prevalence rate of hypertension is 27.9 percent in people with initially normal blood pressure (1.86%/y) and 72.6 percent in initially broder line hypertension (4.84%/y);(4)The control rate of hypertension is 2.9 percent;(5)The incidence of stroke is highly related to hypertension (P<0.001);(6)46.6 percent patients had a regular drug therapy, mainly reserpini complex(25.2%);(7)Drug therapy has no obviously effect of the control of hypertension and the incidence of stroke. Conclusion Both the mean value of BP and the incidence of hypertension were increased with age. The control rate of hypertension was low and the drug therapy shows little advantage. We should do mach more works to popularize the knowledge of the prevention of hypertension. Improve people's self-prevention. Regular cheek should be given to the hypertension patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL