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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 89-96, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993414


Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE) and uniportal endoscopy (UE) for unilateral laminotomy for bilateral decompression (ULBD) in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.Methods:Data of 82 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by ULBD under UBE or UE from January 2020 to June 2021 in Dalian Central Hospital affiliated to Dalian Medical University and the First Hospital affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University were retrospectively analyzed, including 36 males and 46 females, aged 63.3±7.5 years (range, 47-81 years). According to the surgical procedure, they were divided into UBE group (42 cases), including 20 males and 22 females; aged 63.2±7.6 years (range, 47-81 years) and UE group (40 cases), including 16 males and 24 females; aged 63.5±7.5 years (range, 48-80 years). Operation time, hospital stay and surgical complications were compared between the two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back and leg pain before surgery, 1 day, 7 d, 1 month and 6 months after surgery, and Oswestry disability index (ODI) before surgery, 1 month and 6 months after surgery were compared. Dural sac area before and after surgery, resection angle of ipsilateral facet joint, decompression rate of disc space and bone lateral recess were calculated.Results:All patients were operated successfully. In the UBE group, the operation time was 63.1±7.0 min, and the hospital stay was 3.9±0.9 d. The UE group was 61.2±6.2 min and 3.7±0.9 d, respectively ( t=1.31, P=0.195; t=1.24, P=0.217). The VAS of back and legs pain in UBE group decreased from 7.19±0.97 before operation to 3.43±0.63 points at postoperative 1 day, 1.71±0.60 at postoperative 7 d, 1.33±0.48 at postoperative 1 month and 1.36±0.48 points at postoperative 6 months ( F=352.29, P<0.001). The VAS score of the UE group decreased from 6.85±0.89 points before operation to 2.45±0.75 points at postoperative 1 day, 1.75±0.59 points at postoperative 7 d, 1.33±0.47 points at postoperative 1 month and 1.28±0.45 points at postoperative 6 months ( F=291.44, P<0.001). The VAS of low back and leg pain was higher in the UBE group than in the UE group at 1 day postoperatively ( t=6.41, P<0.001), and the difference was not statistically significant at 7 d postoperatively ( t=-0.27, P=0.786). The ODI of UBE group decreased from 66.62%±4.98% before operation to 21.81%±2.61% at postoperative 1 month and 11.62%±2.31% at postoperative 6 months ( F=1991.35, P<0.001). The ODI score of UE group decreased from 64.35%±5.16% before operation to 22.85%±3.26% at postoperative 1 month and 11.15%±2.86% at postoperative 6 months ( F=1931.18, P<0.001). The postoperative dural sac area of the UBE and UE groups was 135.1±10.0 mm 2 and 120.9±10.4 mm 2 ( t=6.30, P<0.001). The resection angle of ipsilateral facet joint was 69.3°±4.9° and 94.3°±4.1° in the two groups, respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t=-25.00, P<0.001). The decompression rate of ipsilateral disk-flavum space was 39.0%±3.0% and 38.7%±3.3% in the two groups ( t=1.52, P=0.314). On the contralateral side was 41.6%±3.3% and 22.8%±3.2% ( t=26.32, P<0.001), respectively. The ipsilateral osseous side fossa decompression rate in the two groups were 70.0%±4.8% and 59.3%±3.9% ( t=15.64, P<0.001), the contralateral were 73.0%±3.4% and 48.4%±4.3% ( t=28.86, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the decompression rate of ipsilateral disco-flavum space or bony lateral recess between the UBE group and the contralateral group ( t=-1.40, P=0.174; t=-1.72, P=0.096), while the decompression rate of discoflavum space and bony side recess on the ipsilateral side of UE group were higher than those on the contralateral side ( t=28.51, P<0.001; t=13.95, P<0.001). Conclusion:Both UE-ULBD and UBE-ULBD have good short-term clinical efficacy in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. UB is better than UBE in early postoperative pain relief. However, UBE shows better imaging performance in decompression effect and better retention of facet joints.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 961-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956541


Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) can lead to lower back pain and may be even accompanied by scoliosis, neurological dysfunction and other complications, which will affect the daily activities and life quality of patients. Vertebral augmentation is an effective treatment method for OVCF, but it cannot correct unbalance of bone metabolism or improve the osteoporotic status, causing complications like lower back pain, limited spinal activities and vertebral refracture. The post-operative systematic and standardized rehabilitation treatments can improve curative effect and therapeutic efficacy of anti-osteoporosis, reduce risk of vertebral refracture, increase patient compliance and improve quality of life. Since there still lack relevant clinical treatment guidelines for postoperative rehabilitation treatments following vertebral augmentation for OVCF, the current treatments are varied with uneven therapeutic effect. In order to standardize the postoperative rehabilitation treatment, the Spine Trauma Group of the Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized relevant experts to refer to relevant literature and develop the "Guideline for postoperative rehabilitation treatment following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (2022 version)" based on the clinical guidelines published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) as well as on the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement. The guideline provided evidence-based recommendations on 10 important issues related to postoperative rehabilitation treatments of OVCF.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 634-639, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617226


Objective To compare and analyze the clinical characteristics of acute central cervical spinal cord injury with only upper extremity involvement and with both upper and lower extremity involvement.Methods A retrospective case control study was made on clinical data of 76 patients with acute central cervical spinal cord injury hospitalized from January 2010 to December 2013.Nerve injury involved was only upper extremity in 39 patients (upper extremity group),but both upper and lower extremities in 37 patients (upper-and lower-extremity group).In upper extremity group,there were 35 males and four females,age was 21-80 years [(52.5 ± 13.4) years],injury resulted from traffic accidents in 24 patients,ground-level falls in eight,high-level falls in six and heavy-object hit in one,and level of injury was C3/4 in 16 patients,C4/5 in 14 and C5/6 in nine.In upper-and lower-extremity group,there were 30 males and seven females,age was 36-78 years [(59.6 ± 9.7) years],injury resulted from traffic accidents in 16 patients,ground-level falls in 11,high-level falls in seven and heavyobject hit in three,and level of injury was C3/4in nine patients,C4/sin 18 and C5/6in 10.Sagittal diameter of the cervical spinal canal,maximal canal compromise,maximal spinal cord compression,degenerating factors of the cervical spine and treatment protocols were determined.Upper extremity function was assessed with the American spinal injury association (ASIA) score.Results There were significant differences between upper extremity group and upper-and lower-extremity group in sagittal diameter of the cervical spinal canal [(7.5 ± 1.5)mm ∶ (6.8 ± 1.2)mm],maximal canal compromise [(28.9 ±9.6)% ∶ (34.9 ± 10.6)%],ASIA score at admission[(31.6 ± 11.8)points ∶ (22.7± 11.3)points)] and ASIA score at last follow-up [(46.2 ± 4.2) points ∶ (40.2 ± 4.0) points] (P < 0.05),while the maximal spinal cord compression in upper extremity group [(15.7 ± 11.9)%] had no significant difference from that in upper-and lowerextremity group [(17.0 ± 10.6) %] (P > 0.05).Lower prevalence of posterior osteophyte of the vertebral body was noted in upper extremity group than upper-and lower-extremity group (15% ∶ 51%) (P <0.01).Twenty patients (49%) in upper extremity group were surgically treated,while 31 patients (84%) in upperand lower-extremity group (P < 0.05).Conclusions Compared to acute central cervical spinal cord injury with both upper and lower extremity involvement,the injury with only upper extremity involvement is much common in younger patients and is characterized by lowered frequency of osteophyte,large buffer space,mild nerve damage,preferred non-operation treatment and good prognosis.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 149-155, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443261


Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of one-stage debridement for cervical tuberculosis at different segments.Methods Clinical data of 54 patients (male 20,female 34) with cervical tuberculosis treated by one-stage debridement from Jan 1998 to Dec 2011 were reviewed retrospectively.The average age of these patients was 45.4 years (range,26-75 years).Among them,12 cases were involved in single level (C2 1 case,C4 2 cases,C5 3 cases,C6 4 cases,C7 2 cases); 36 cases in the adjacent two levels (C1,2 3 cases,C2,3 2 cases,C3,4 5 cases,C4,5 6 cases,C5,6 14 cases,C6,7 5 cases,C7T1 1 case); 5 cases in three levels(C4 6 2 cases,C5-7 2 cases,C3,5,6 1 case)and 1 case in four levels (C4-7).Five cases were involved in other spinal levels (T6 1 case,T 3 cases,L3,4 1 case).Comorbidity of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament was found in 1 case.Before surgery,the mean VAS and JOA scores were 5.9 (range,4-9) and 10.5 (range,7-12) respectively and the mean Cobb angle of lesion segment was 26.7°± 9.1°.All cases underwent regular anti-TB treatment preoperatively,and surgical treatment were performed when blood sedimentation (ESR) was lower than 50 mm/1 h.According to the segmental involvement,different surgical approaches were performed including anterior debridement with anterior or anterior-posterior internal fixation and fusion,submandibular approach debridement with posterior occipital cervical fusion or atlantoaxial fusion.Results Mean follow-up duration was 27.3 months (range,13-52 months).Symptoms were improved significantly in all cases.Mean time of union was 3.2 months (range,2-4 months).At the last follow-up,the mean VAS and JOA scores were 5.9 (range,4-9)and 10.5 (range,7-12) respectively,and the mean Cobb angle of lesion segment was 6.8°.Regular anti-TB treatment was performed postoperatively for 18 to 20 months.Intraoperative esophageal injury was found in one case of upper cervical tuberculosis which was cured uneventfully after gastrointestinal tubation for 1 week.No cervical tuberculosis recurrence,graft loosening or pseudarthrosis was found in follow-up.Conclusion With preoperative anti-TB treatment,cervical tuberculosis can be treated by one-stage foci debridement according to the segmental involvement and deformity.Postoperative regular anti-TB treatment is a crucial factor for the final recovery of cervical tuberculosis.

Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 21-23, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431690


Objective To assess the sacrococcygeal microcirculation and the change trend of complete spinal cord injury patients,and in order to provide evidence for turn-over time of spinal cord injury patients.Methods The spinal cord injury patients that met the inclusion criteria were set as the experimental group,patients with orthopedic trauma were named as the similar control group.And certain healthy volunteers were named as the healthy control group.The sacrococcygeal microcirculation of supine position for 1h,and lateral position for 0.5 h was monitored using Doppler blood flow monitor system,then take load period 0min、15m in 、30min、45min、60min,recovery period 0min、15min、30min as research points,the blood perfusion value and the change trend were monitored and analyzed.Results The sacrococcygeal microcirculation in SCI patients were significantly less than two control groups after 30min in supine position,and the blood flow increased at first and then decreased within one hour.While the healthy subjects increased gradually within one hour.Conclusions The time of position change for SCI patients should be reassessed,the interval should be controlled in one hour.