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1.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 639-643, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988897

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effectiveness of the varicella vaccine immunization strategy in Shanghai, and to provide evidence for enhancing prevention and control measures by analyzing the incidence and trends of varicella in Songjiang District, Shanghai from 2013 to 2021. MethodsA descriptive analysis was conducted on 12 417 varicella cases reported in Songjiang District between 2013 and 2021. The epidemiological distribution of varicella cases was described, and the incidence rates were compared among different demographic variables, including registered residence, gender, age, and occupation. ResultsA total of 12 417 varicella cases were reported in Songjiang District from 2013 to 2021,with an average annual incidence of 77.03/105. The incidence of varicella showed an increasing trend from 2013 to 2017 (χ2trend=19.39, P<0.001), followed by a subsequent decrease from 2017 to 2021(χ2trend=758.62, P<0.001). Varicella cases demonstrated significant seasonal variation, with peak incidences occurring in April to May and November to January of the following year. The incidence rate among local residents was higher than that among non-local residents (χ2=2 935.58, P<0.001). Most (38.59%) of the cases were students aged between 5 and 9 years old, accounting for 23.45% of the total cases. However, the age distribution of cases varied over the years (χ2=615.57, P<0.001), and the incidence among children aged 5 to 9 years showed a declining trend since 2017. ConclusionThe overall incidence of varicella in Songjiang District exhibites a declining trend in recent years. Although varicella primarily affects children, there have notable changes in the age distribution. Adjustment of the immunization strategy for varicella vaccines in Shanghai effectively reduces the proportion of school-age subjects.

2.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 446-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929591

ABSTRACT

Measles is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by the measles virus. It is highly infectious and easy to occur in children. It causes many serious complications such as tracheitis, otitis media and pneumonia. Since the promotion of the measles vaccine in China, the measles epidemic has been effectively controlled. From June 1, 2020, the immunization procedure of measles-containing vaccine for children in Shanghai has been adjusted to one dose of measles, mumps and rubella combined live attenuated vaccine (MMR) at the age of 8 months, 18 months and 6 years. There is generally no local reaction after the injection of the MMR vaccine. A few individuals may have transient fever and scattered rash, which generally fade away by themselves. However, because it is a live vaccine, it may cause vaccine related diseases in extremely rare cases. This paper reports two cases of measles after vaccination with the MMR vaccine.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1129-1133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953910

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the reporting rate of adverse reaction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) containing vaccine in Songjiang District from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide evidence for the inclusion of Hib vaccine in children's immunization planning and safety monitoring. MethodsThe adverse reaction data of Hib vaccination were collected through the Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System and presented by descriptive methods. ResultsFrom 2016 to 2020, the reporting rate of adverse reaction of various Hib-containing vaccines in Songjiang District was determined to be 747.76/105 doses, among which the rates of general reaction and abnormal reaction were 734.31/105 doses and 13.45/105 doses, respectively. The reporting rate of general reaction was significantly higher than that of abnormal reaction (χ2=1 400.18,P<0.001). Moreover, the reporting rate of adverse reaction did not differ significantly by sex or registered residence, whereas it differed significantly by age groups (χ2=366.07,P<0.001). Children ≥12 months old had the highest reporting rate, which was caused by higher rate of general reaction (χ2=360.48,P<0.001) compared with other age groups; in contrast, there was no difference in the reporting rate of abnormal reactions across age groups. The reporting rate of adverse reaction differed significantly across four Hib-containing vaccines (χ2=508.51,P<0.001), among which the reporting rate of pentavalent vaccine was the highest, followed by tetravalent vaccine, and Hib vaccine and meningococcal HI vaccine. This difference was mainly caused by general reaction (χ2=499.19,P<0.001). The reporting rate of booster Hib-containing vaccines was significantly higher than that of basic immunization (χ2=462.85,P<0.001). Furthermore, the reporting rate differed between DTaP-Hib vaccine and DTaP-IPV-Hib vaccine by injection sites(χ2=13.63,P=0.001;χ2=78.48, P<0.001); the reporting rate on the thigh was lower than that on the hip or upper arm. Among the 1 501 reported adverse reactions, 97.21% of the general reactions and 85.19% of the abnormal reactions occurred within 72 hours following immunization. Principal clinical diagnosis was fever, redness and nodules (n=1 454), accounting for 96.87% of the total reported adverse event following immunization(AEFI), followed by allergic rash. ConclusionThe four types of Hib-containing vaccines have high safety. Health care practitioners at points of vaccination should improve the pre-examination, standardized operation and full notification in strict accordance with the requirements. It also warrants strengthening the AEFI monitoring, investigation and response, so as to effectively reduce the incidence and severity of adverse reactions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 489-491, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871087

ABSTRACT

We report a case of a 2 200 g premature male baby born through cesarean section under maternal endotracheal intubation mechanical ventilation combined with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at 34 +1 gestational weeks, while his mother was infected with influenza A in late pregnancy. Due to neonatal pneumonia, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, prematurity, and low birth weight, the neonate was transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit for body temperature maintenance, respiratory support, maintenance of perfusion and internal environment, and nutritional management. The infant was discharged 17 days after birth and was well at six-month-old follow-up. His mother was discharged at 20 days post-delivery.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 217-220, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and the impact on maternal and infant outcome of Tianma-Gouteng Decoction combined low-dose aspirin for high-risk patients with pre-eclampsia (PE). Methods:A total of 94 high-risk patients who met the diagnose cretieria of PE from January 2017 to January 2019 in our hospital were divided into two groups by the random number table method, each group 47 cases. The control group based on symptomatic treatment, received daily 75 mg of aspirin enteric-coated metformin hydrochloride additionally; and the observation group took Tianma-Gouteng Decoction based on the control group. Both groups stopped taking medicine after 28th week of gestation. Immune turbidimetric method was used to detect D-dimer (D-D), the Claus method was used for detecting fibrinogen (Fib). The blood pressure meter was used to measure systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). The poor maternal and infant outcomes were recorded. Results:After the treatment, the plasma D-D (0.50 ± 0.12 μg/L vs. 0.60 ± 0.30 μg/L; t=2.122, P=0.037), Fib (2.37 ± 0.22 g/L vs. 4.43 ± 0.56 g/L; t=23.473, P<0.01) in the observation group were significantly lower than the control group. The SBP (83.43 ± 4.01 mmHg vs. 96.30 ± 5.34 mmHg, t=13.212), DBP (113.77 ± 3.90 mmHg vs. 126.52 ± 4.43 mmHg, t=14.810) in the observation group were significantly lower than the control group ( P<0.01). The incidence of fetal and neonatal adverse outcomes in the observation group was 10.6% (5/47), the control group was 25.5% (12/47), and there was statistically significant between two groups ( χ2=3.519, P<0.05). The incidence of adverse outcome in the observation group was 31.9% (15/47), the control group was 55.3% (26/47), and there was statistically significant between two groups ( χ2=4.326, P<0.01). Conclusions:Tianma-Gouteng Decoction combined low-dose aspirin enteric-coated metformin hydrochloride can improve coagulation function, lower blood pressure, improve clinical efficacy, reduce the occurrence of advers outcomes for high-risk patients with PE.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 388-393, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805088

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore serum levels of measles and rubella IgG antibodies among mothers and infants.@*Methods@#According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we selected 319 puerperae and their infants in maternal hospitals of Songjiang district November 2016 to February 2017, venous blood were collected and serum measles and rubella IgG antibodies were measured using ELISA. To study the correlation between the level of measles and rubella antibodies in infants and mothers′ by using the Spearman′s correlation analysis.@*Results@#The age at delivery was (29.71±4.25) years old; and the gestational age at delivery was (39.06±1.30) weeks. The positive rate and protection rate of measles antibody in puerperae were 82.5% (243/319) and 43.3% (135/319), the GMC [M (QR)] was 655.74 (251.21-1 299.02) mIU/ml. The positive rate of rubella antibody in puerperae was 61.1% (195/319), the GMC [M (QR)] was 31.34 (11.65-73.61) IU/ml. The positive rate and protection rate of measles antibody in infants were 84.1% (270/321) and 46.1% (148/321), the GMC [M (QR)] was 665.07 (279.63-1 544.07) mIU/ml. The positive rate of rubella antibody in infants was 69.5% (223/321), the GMC [M (QR)] was 40.30 (16.12-98.48) IU/ml. There was statistical difference in measles (Z=-14.64, P<0.001) and rubella (Z=-8.66, P<0.001) antibody levels between mothers and infants. There was positive correlation in measles (r=0.76, P<0.001) and rubella (r=0.86, P<0.001) antibody level between mothers and infants.@*Conclusion@#The maternal antibody of measles and rubella had a concentration effect. The level of measles and rubella antibodies in the infants was higher than that in the mothers′ and increased with the increase of the level of measles and rubella antibodies in the mothers.

7.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 163-165, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692645

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) level with the occurrence of ischemic stroke and prognosis in the patients with hypertension . Methods Eighty-eight patients with hypertension in this hospital from January 2013 to January 2016 were se-lected ,including 34 cases of simple hypertension and 54 cases of hypertension complicating ischemic stroke . The Lp-PLA2 level was detected .The severity of ischemic stroke was evaluated on 1 ,14 d after admission by adopting the NIHSS .The patients with hypertension complicating ischemic stroke were divided into the good prognosis group and poor prognosis group according to the NIHSS change situation .Moreover the independent predictive factors of prognosis were evaluated by adopting the Logistic multivariate regression .Results The Lp-PLA2 level in the patients with hypertension complicating ischemic stroke was significantly higher than that in the patients with simple hypertension .The Lp-PLA2 level (OR=1 .523 ,95% CI=1 .323-1 .657) and NIHSS score (OR=3 .275 ,95% CI=1 .402 -6 .208) at admission were the independent predictive factors of poor prognosis .Conclusion Serum Lp-PLA2 level is closely correlated with the occurrence and prognosis of ische-mic stroke in the patients with hypertension ,which can serve an evaluation index for the occurrence and prognosis of ischemic stroke in the patients with hypertension and provides an objective basis for the clinical therapy .

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 217-221, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696985

ABSTRACT

Objective To cross-cultural adapt and test the reliability and validity of Humanistic Relationship Experience Scale (HRES) made by Boscart. Methods Cross-culture Adaptation was carried out by following American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Evidence Based Medicine Committee (AAOS). A convenience sampling was conducted among 180 patients with chronic disease, and then assessed the reliability and validity of HRES. The internal consistency coefficient and the test-retest were used to assess the reliability of HRES, and the content validity index (CVI) and construct validity were used to assess the validity of HRES. Results In order to understand the purpose and content of the scale easily, the Chinese version title of HRES was revised to"Nursing Humanistic Care Experience Scale-Noninfectious Chronic Disease Patients Version (NHCES-NCDP)" after soliciting experts′ advice. The CVI of the scale was 1;factor analysis got three factors, which could explain 67.897%of the total variance. A 0.965 Cronbachαof total scale was obtained, and for each dimension range was 0.876-0.948;the test-retest reliability was 0.710 for the overall scale. Conclusion NHCES-NCDP is reliable and valid, which can be used to assess the experience of nursing humanistic care for patients with chronic diseases, and to explore nurses′implementation of nursing humanistic care.

9.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 572-574, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502794

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the changes of schistosomiasis epidemic situation,so as to provide the evidence for for?mulating schistosomiasis control strategy in the Hexi reservoir area. Methods From 2012 to 2015,Xinyuan Village,Meishan Town in the north entrance of Hexi reservoir was selected as a monitoring site. According to the requirements of the monitoring program of schistosomiasis surveillance in Zhejiang Province,the Schistosoma japonicum infection was investigated by using the serological screening(IHA),and the basic situation of the surveillance site was also investigated. Results From 2012 to 2015,167 environments(21.68 hm2)were surveyed,and 2 slices(0.1 hm2)were found with Oncomelania hupensis snails. The detection rate of frames with snails was 0.12%,and the living snail density was 0.0192 snails per 0.1 m2. Totally 374 snails were dissected and no schistosome infected snails were found. A total of 970 local residents and 8 748 mobile people were investigated with the serological tests,and no schistosome infected people were found. In addition,3 085 cattle were investigated and no in?fected ones were found. Conclusion The schistosomiasis epidemic situation is stable in the Hexi reservoir area,but we still should strengthen the monitoring of imported source of infection and snail status,and increase the efforts of environmental trans?formation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 84-85, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460936

ABSTRACT

objective To understand the status of Oncomelania hupensis snail distribution and diffusion in main drainages of Hexi Reservoir and evaluate the snail control effect of the schistosomiasis control engineering of Hexi Reservoir. Methods The O. hupensis snails were investigated by using the straw curtain method and fishing net method in different areas of the main drainages of Hexi Reservoir and the results were analyzed. Results A total of 1 800 straw curtains were used and 37 snails were found in Naxi stream. Totally 5 870 kg floats were salved and no snails were found. Conclusion The schistosomiasis con?trol engineering of Hexi Reservoir is effective in the prevention of the snail diffusion but there are still snails in the upstream. Therefore the snail surveillance and control need to be strengthened.

11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 3-7, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247991

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the etiologies and clinical features for bilateral acute sensorineural hearing loss (bi-ASNHL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 19 cases presenting with bi-ASNHL were retrospectively analyzed, including the clinical features, systemic examinations, laboratory examinations, audiology and radiology results, as well as the prognosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 15 non-otologic diseases in 19 patients, accounting for 78.9% of the total cases, most of which were disorders with multisystem and multi-organ disorder. The central nervous system diseases including fungal meningitis, tuberculous meningitis, and viral encephalitis in 3 patients. The clinical features of deafness were bilateral, progressive, accompanied with fever, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and change of mental status. There was a decrease in speech recognition score (SRS), and speech recognition threshold (SRT) was obviously inferior to pure tone average (PTA) disproportionally. Diseases of immune system including antineural cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated systemic vasculitis (AASV), relapsing polychondritis (RP), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in 5 patients. They showed the characteristics of bilateral, progressive and simultaneous autoimmune disease. Hematological and endocrine system diseases including diabetes mellitus, leukemia, and thyroid hypofunction in 5 patients. The deafness had the characteristics of symmetry and progressivity. Otologic diseases including large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS) and sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in 4 patients; Drug-induced sensorineural deafness happened in 2 patients. After the treatment aimed at the causes, 1 case was cured, 3 patients were markedly effective, 7 patients were effective, and 8 patients were ineffective(including dead and refusal cases), with a total effective rate of 57.9%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The most of bi-ASNHL cases are often associated with systemic diseases. Clinicians should analyze the history and clinical characteristics in detail, and complete specific laboratory examinations, audiology and imaging examinations in order to reveal the causative diseases. It should be treated aimed at the etiology.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases , Deafness , Hearing Loss, Bilateral , Diagnosis , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome , Vertigo , Vestibular Aqueduct
12.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 890-894, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485439

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the sensitive plasma molecular markers in diabetic nephropathy ( DN) patients with kidney yang deficiency. Methods Two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) was used to analyze the plasma which was sampled from 4 early DN patients with kidney yang deficiency and 4 healthy adult volunteers. Proteins that showed differential expression with an over 1.5-fold change were analyzed by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry. Results Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) maps of plasma proteins in DN patients with kidney yang deficiency and healthy adults were established successfully. We validated 9 differentially expressed proteins, including complements C3 and C4, apolipoprotein E and ubiquitination factor. Conclusion Proteomic analysis by 2-D DIGE can objectively reveal the differences of plasma protein expression in DN patents with kidney yang deficiency and healthy adult volunteers. The obtained 9 proteins have potential to provide plasma molecular markers for the early clinical diagnosis and for the research of traditional Chinese medical patterns of DN.

13.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 59-61, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439532

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of schistosomiasis control projects in Hexi Reservoir on Oncomelania hupensis snail control. Methods The canal hardening+main water system widening+the overflow dam project,the concrete slope protec-tion,the banking and reclamation + concrete slope protection project,the environment reform project,and the comprehensive treatment were implemented in the tail area,the hydro-fluctuation belt,the rainwater harvesting zoon of the upstream area,the dam area,and the downstream area of the reservoir,respectively. The changes of the snail situation were investigated before and after the construction of the reservoir,and the snail control effects of the schistosomiasis control projects in different parts of the reservoir were analyzed. Results There were no Oncomelania snails found 3 years in the bottom area,dam area,hydro-fluctua-tion belt,tail region and downstream of the dam after the construction and storage of the reservoir and the implementation of the schistosomiasis control projects. In the rainwater harvesting zoon of the upstream area,the density of living snails decreased from 0.620 4 snails/0.1 m2 in 2009 to 0.113 2 snails/0.1 m2 in 2013,but the snail area still remained. Conclusions The schistosomia-sis control projects in Hexi Reservoir have effectively prevented the diffusion of Oncomelania snails from the rainwater harvesting zone of the upstream area to the dam area,and they are effective in the snail control.

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3867-3869, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441131

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the sensitive blood plasma molecular markers in diabetic nephropathy (DN) .Methods Two-di-mensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) was used to analyze early DN patients plasma (n=8) and normal plasma ,proteins that showed differential expression of a 1 .5 fold change were analyzed by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry . Results 2D-DIGE maps of plasma proteins in patients with DN and normal plasma were established successfully .We validated 13 differentially expressed proteins detected by 2D-DIGE ,including complement component C3、complement component C4、apolipopro-tein E ,etc .Conclusion Proteomic analysis can objectively revealed the differences of protein expression between the two kinds of blood plasma .The 13 proteins might be the potential plasma molecular markers for the clinical diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy .

15.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 664-667, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419287

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveToinvestigateRUNX3genepromoter methylationincolorectal carcinogenesis and its prognostic significance. MethodsThe protein expression of RUNX3 was detected by immunohistochemistry and the methylation status of the RUNX3 was determined by methylation-specific PCR (MSP) in colorectal normal mucosa and cancer tissue from 65 patients,and adenoma from 28 patients.5-year overall survival rate was analysed according to RUNX3 methylation status from cancer patients.Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test,x2 or Fisher's exact test,Log-rank test and multivariable Cox regression analysis were used for statistical analysis.ResultsThe protein expression of RUNX3 gene in adenoma and cancer was 85% (24/28) and 52% (34/65),significantly lower than that in normal mucosa 94% (61/65)( x2 =4.328,P =0.037 ; x2 =16.675,P =0.000),the difference between adenoma and cancer tissue was no statistic significance (x2 =3.266,P =0.071 ).No case showed RUNX3 methylation in normal mucosa,methylation rates in adenoma and cancer tissue were 21% (6/28) and 35% (23/65),significantly higher than in normal mucosa (P =0.000 ),but there was no statistic significance between adenoma and cancer tissue (x2 =1.766,P =0.183).The protein expression rate with RUNX3 methylation was 67% (4/6) in adenoma,unmethylation 91% (20/22) (P =0.191 ).The protein expression rate with RUNX3 methylation was 26% (6/23) in cancer,unmethylation was 88% (28/32).The presence of RUNX3 methylation was related to loss of protein ( x2 =9.810,P =0.002 ).5-year total survival rate with methylation in cancer was significantly lower with unmethylation ( x2 =5.87,P =0.016 ).Multivariate analysis showed RUNX3 methylayion wasanindependentprognosticfactoramongthefactorsanalyzed(P=0.033 ).ConclusionsRUNX3 methylation is important genetic event in colorectal carcinogenesis,possibly related to protein downregulation,and an independent prognostic factor for colorectal carcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 8-10, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426796

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the situation of sexual life of gynecological cancer patients after surgery and explore the pertinent nursing intervention.Methods 400 patients with gynecological cancer and undergoing surgical treatment were selected in our hospital from February 2009 to September 2011.They were divided into the intervention group and the routine group with 200 cases in each group.The sexual psychological change,recovery of sexual life of patients of different types,sex frequency before and after treatment,and satisfaction degree with sexual life after positive nursing intervention were observed using phenomenological analysis.Results The satisfaction degree with sexual life reached 88% in the intervention group after operation,significantly higher than 52% in the routine group.Evident psychological changes were seen in patients with younger age,low-level education background,long treatment course and better economic condition.Conclusions Positive nursing intervention and guidance should be given to postoperative gynecological tumor patients in order to help them improve the quality of life and social status.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 613-615, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421084

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of two chemotherapy regimens based on oxaliplatin combined with TS-1 or capecitabine in the treatment of advanced colon cancer.Methods 53 advanced colon cancer patients were involved in this study.26 patients were given the regimen of SOX:oxaliplatin (130 mg/m2) was administered intravenously in three hours on day 1,while S-1 (40 mg/m2) was administered orally twice daily for 14 consecutive days.27 patients were given the regimen of XELOX:oxaliplatin capecitabine was administered intravenously in three hours on day 1,while capecitabine (1000 mg/m2)was administered orally twice daily for 14 consecutive days.The regimens were repeated every 3 weeks.The efficacy and toxicy were evaluated after 2 cycles teatment.Results All the 53 patients were eligible for enrollment and the patients were appreciable for efficacy and toxicy.The objective response rates (RR) were 46.1% (12/26) and 48.1% (13/27) in the SOX group and XELOX group respectively.The disease control rates (DCR) were 76.9 % (20/26) and 74.1% (20/27).There was no significant difference in RR.The objective side effects associated with the two regimens were bone marrow suppressive,digestive system reaction (diarrhea or vomiting),peripheral neuropathy and hand-foot syndrome on mostly graded 1 or 2.Compared to the XELOX group,nausea vomiting of the SOX group were higher (x2 =4.462,P =0.035),but diarrhea and hand-foot syndrome of XELOX group was obviously higher than that of SOX group [44.4 % (12/27) vs.19.2 % (5/26) (x2 =4.366,P =0.001),44.4 % (12/27) vs.3.8 % (1/26) (x2 =11.699,P=0.037)].Conclusion There are no significant difference in the efficacy of the two chemotherapy regimens and the side toxicities are all well tolerable.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 5-7, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396304

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the status of mental health of nursing students of secondary technical school and provide targeted guidance for mental health education. Methods 642 nursing students of secondary technical school were assessed using Mental Health Diagnostic Test Scale (MHT Scale). Results There were 0.78% of nursing students with serious psychological problems (scores≥65), 4.52% of nursing students with less serious psychological problems (scores < 65 and≥ 56). Students in different grades had significant difference in learning anxiety, allergic tendency, physical symptoms anxiety. Conclusions Nursing students of secondary technical school were in good mental health in general, but there were many students had learning anxiety, allergic tendencies and physical symptoms anxiety, which were different among various grades. Secondary nursing schools should further strengthen the mental health education, and seek close collaboration with parents,provide appropriate intervention measures to the nursing students with psychological barriers, in order to enhance the overall mental health of nursing students.

19.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-576579

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of the therapeutics of warming Yang and inducing diuresis with removing blood stasis and clearing away turbidness in retarding the course of chronic renal failure (CRF). Methods Sixty-five patients with CRF were randomly divided into the treated group (33 cases) and the control group (32 cases). Both groups were treated with low-protein diets,controlling hypertension and symptomatic treatment. And Chinese drugs for warming Yang and inducing diuresis with removing blood stasis and clearing away turbidness were given additionally to the treated group. The time (month) for doubling serum creatinine (SCr) level was taken to evaluate the speed of CRF progression. Results In the treated group,the time for SCr increased from (300.5?99.2) ?mol/L to (602.0?199.6) ?mol/L was (27.6?9.1) months,while in the control group,the time for SCr increased from (296.3?96.8) ?mol/L to (598.8?198.4) ?mol/L was (17.2?5.7) months. Comparision between the tow groups showed significant difference (P

20.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574730

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of therapeutics of invigorating spleen and kidney, removing blood stasis and clearing away turbidness on lipid metabolism and renal function in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Methods Fifty-eight patients with CRF were randomly divided into the treated group (30 cases) and the control group (28 cases). Both groups were treated with low-protein diets, controlling hypertension and symptomatic treatment. And Chinese drugs for invigorating spleen and kidney, removing blood stasis and clearing away turbidness were given additionally to the treated group. The curative effect, renal function and lipid metabolism were observed after two months. Results TC, TG and APOB in the treated group lowered significantly, HDL-C and APOAⅠraised significantly after treatment (P0.05). The total effective rate and the improvement of renal function in the treated group were better than those in the control group (P

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