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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 542-546, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To esta blish a method for determining the contents of lupenone and stigmasterol in the rhizome ,stem and leaf of Mosa basjoo from the same plant ,and to provide reference for the substitute resource for the effective components of M. basjoo . METHODS :UPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Zorbax Rrhd Eclipse Plus C 18 column (100 mm×2.1 mm,1.8 μm)with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-methanol (78.5∶21.5,V/V). The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm;the flow rate was 0.15 mL/min;the column temperature was 30 ℃ and the sample size was 1 μL. The results of content determination of lupinone and stigmasterol in the rhizome ,stem and leaf of 9 batches of M. basjoo from the same plant were analyzed by the methods of comparative analysis between groups ,principal component analysis and cluster analysis. RESULTS:The mass concentration of lupenone and stigmasterol had a good linear relationship with the corresponding peak area within the range of 11.16-357.10 and 8.83-160.40 g/mL(R2 were 0.999 2 and 0.999 1,respectively). RSDs of precision , repeatability and stability tests were all less than 3%. The average recovery rates of lupenone and stigmasterol were 101.44% and 98.32%,and the RSDs were 1.77% and 1.81%(n=6),respectively. The average contents of lupenone and stigmasterol in stems of M. Basjoo were significantly higher than those of rhizome and leaves of M. basjoo (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the contents of lupenone and stigmasterol between stem and leaf of M. basjoo from same plant (P>0.05). Results of principal component analysis showed that the contents of lupanone and stigmasterol were different in rhizome ,stem and leaf of M. basjoo from the same plant. Rhizome ,stem and leaf of M. basjoo were divided into three types through cluster analysis ,among which the rhizome had significant difference with the other two parts. CONCLUSIONS :The method is simple ,rapid,specific, reproducible and accurate. It can be used for the content determination of lupenone and stigmasterol in different parts of M. basjoo . The stem of M. basjoo can replace the rhizome of M. basjoo as the source of lupinone and stigmasterol.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888635

ABSTRACT

Biodegradable vascular stents have better biocompatibility than drug-eluting stents. The blood vessels are rebuilt and degraded after normal physiological functions are restored. Due to it will not stay in the body for a long time and the patients don't need taking anti-rejection drugs all the time, it becomes the focus of attention in the treatment of coronary heart disease. This article introduced the development history of biodegradable stents and reviewed the research status of several different materials of vascular stents (animals or humans)


Subject(s)
Absorbable Implants , Animals , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Stents
3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 616-622, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diversity and structural characteristics of fungal communities on lesions of the face, upper limbs and back in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) .Methods:Samples were collected from the lesions on the face, upper limbs and back of 10 AD patients, who visited the Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College from September to October in 2015, and collected from the corresponding body sites of 10 healthy controls. DNA was extracted from the samples, and subjected to MiSeq high-throughput sequencing for diversity index analysis, species composition analysis and principal component analysis. Statistical analysis was carried out by using two-independent-sample t test for comparisons between two groups, one-way analysis of variance for comparisons among multiple groups, and least significant difference- t test for multiple comparisons. Results:Diversity index analysis showed that Shannon index was significantly higher in the samples from the lesions on the face, upper limbs and back of the AD patient group than in those from corresponding body sites of the healthy control group ( t = 2.67, 2.37, 3.34 respectively, all P < 0.05) . Species composition analysis showed that Malassezia was predominant in the skin samples from the face, upper limbs and back of the AD patient group and healthy control group, and the total abundance of Malassezia globosa and Malassezia restricta was about 80%. The abundance of Candida and Aspergillus in the total samples was significantly higher in the AD patient group than in the healthy control group ( t = 3.515, 2.137 respectively, both P < 0.05) . There was no significant difference in the abundance of major fungal genera on the face between the AD patient group and healthy control group (all P > 0.05) ; the abundance of Candida in the upper limbs was significantly higher in the AD patient group than in the healthy control group ( t = 3.186, P < 0.05) , and the abundance of Aspergillus in the back was significantly higher in the AD patient group than in the healthy control group ( t = 2.736, P < 0.05) . In either the AD patient group or the healthy control group, there was no significant difference in the abundance of major fungal genera among samples from the face, upper limbs and back (all P > 0.05) . Moreover, no significant difference in the abundance of major fungal genera was observed among the mild, moderate and severe AD patient groups (all P > 0.05) . Principal component analysis showed that fungal communities in the samples from the lesions on the face, upper limbs and back of the AD patient group were not clustered by the disease severity. Conclusions:The diversity of fungal communities is significantly higher in the lesions on the face, upper limbs and back of the AD patients than in the normal skin at the corresponding body sites of the healthy controls. Malassezia is the dominant fungal genus in both lesions of the AD patients and normal skin of the healthy controls at the above body sites. The composition of fungal communities in lesional samples may be uncorrelated with the disease severity in AD patients.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3388-3392, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a UPLC fingerprint of Ficus tikoua. METHODS: UPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEF C18 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.2% aqueous acetic acid-acetonitrile (gradient elution); the detection wavelength was 254 nm; the flow rate was 0.1 mL/min; the column temperature was 25 ℃, and sample size was 2 μL. UPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of samples and 2 batches of adulterants were determined by using No. 14 peak as reference. The similarity evaluation was carried out by using the TCM Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System (2012 edition) so as to determine common peak. The cluster analysis was performed by using SPSS 20.0 software. SIMCA 13.1 software was used to conduct the principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). RESULTS: There were 28 common peaks in UPLC fingerprint of 10 batches of F. tikoua. The similarity of 10 batches of F. tikoua was between 0.839 and 0.935, and the similarities of the 2 batches of adulterants were 0.503 and 0.173 respectively, which indicated that F. tikoua could be distinguished from adulterants. 10 batches of F. tikoua could be divided into 2 categories by cluster analysis and principle component analysis, and S3-S5, S9 and S10 were grouped into one category, and the remaining batches were grouped into one category. 7 components with a variable importance in projection (VIP) value >1 were screened by OPLS-DA analysis. These 7 components may be the main components that caused the quality difference of 10 batches of F. tikoua samples. CONCLUSIONS: Established fingerprint, cluster analysis, principle component analysis and OPLS-DA can be used for the identification and quality control of F. tikoua.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 293-297, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810570

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathological characteristics of cardiac neoplasms.@*Methods@#A total of 689 cases of cardiac neoplasms from January 1st 1992 to December 31th 2017 at Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital were collected. The clinical data and histologic features were analyzed along with a review of literature. The pathological diagnosis and classification were based on the criteria of WHO 4th edition(2015).@*Results@#Among 689 cases of cardiac neoplasms, 259 were male and 430 were female patients, with age from 0 to 84 years (mean of 48 years). The peak incidence was between the fourth and sixth decade. Among patients younger than 20 years, there were 24 males and 12 females. 674 cases(674/689,97.8%)were primary cardiac tumors and 15 cases were secondary tumors (15/689,2.2%). Amongst the primary cardiac neoplasms, 625 cases were benign(625/674,92.7%), 7 cases were borderline (7/674, 1.0%), and 42 cases were malignant (42/674, 6.2%). The incidences of benign, borderline and malignancy heart tumors among patients below 20 years old were lower than those of patients over 20 years of age (4.8% vs. 95.2%; 3/9 vs. 6/9; 5.5% vs. 94.5%, respectively). Of the benign tumors, 406 cases were female and 219 cases were male. More male than female patients were seen in borderline and malignancy cardiac tumor categories (6∶3; 34∶21). Of 625 benign tumors, 577 cases were myxoma(85.6%), which mainly occurred in patients over 20 years of age(85.9% vs. 14.1%) with a female predominance. Non-myxomas mainly occurred in children and adolescent patients compared to adult (55.6% vs. 44.4%, P<0.01) with a male predominance. Overall, 524 tumors originated from the left atrium, 84 cases from the right atrium, 26 cases from the pericardium, 23 cases from the right ventricular, and 11 cases from the left ventricle. However, 21 cases were multicentric or involving cardiac valves. Benign tumors mainly involved left heart(76.3%) vs. right heart(81/625, 12.6%). The mostly common location of borderline tumors was right heart(5/9). Malignant tumors tended to involve the right heart(22/55,40.0%) and pericardium(18/55, 32.7%).@*Conclusions@#Although the incidence of cardiac neoplasms is low,various tumor types can occur, most of which are myxoma with a female predominance. Non-myxomas mainly occur in children and adolescents with a male predominance.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 444-447, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805482

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathological characteristics, immunophenotype, pathologic diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary meningotheliomatosis (DPM).@*Methods@#The clinical data, histological features and immunohistochemical results of three cases of DPM collected from January 2016 to May 2018 at Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital were analyzed, and the relevant literature reviewed.@*Results@#The three DPM patients age was 53, 69 and 74 years. The lesions consisted of multiple minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules profusely involving the lungs. Microscopically, they showed typical morphology, characterized by medium-sized elongated tumor cells resembling meningothelial cells with whorled/nested clusters. The cells were uniform and had abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm with oval nuclei with delicate chromatin. Immunohistochemical staining showed tumor cells were diffusely and strongly positive for EMA, vimentin and PR, but were negative for CAM5.2, CgA, Syn, CK7 and TTF1.@*Conclusions@#DPM is extremely rare, and may be confused with primary interstitial pulmonary processes and metastatic malignant tumors of lung. Recognition of this entity is essential for pathologists to avoid misdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756445

ABSTRACT

Inherited metabolic disorders, also known as congenital metabolic diseases, refer to a group of diseases that cause a series of clinical symptoms due to gene mutations, such as enzyme deficiency, dysfunction of cell membrane or receptor deficiency, resulting in biochemical metabolic disorders, accumulation of intermediate or bypass metabolites, or lack of final metabolites. Inherited metabolic disordersoften occur in childhood, progressively aggravating, irreversible nervous system damage, and even death. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) has been widely used in newborn screening abroad and in China. This technology not only expands the screening spectrum of newborn screening, but also improves the screening efficiency, specificity and sensitivity, which opens up a new field for disease screening. With deepening the understanding of the mechanism of inherited metabolic disorders and mass spectrometry technology, its clinical application becomes more significant in diseases screening and diagnosing.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 119-122, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809843

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the expression of βF1 and T cell receptor (TCR)γ in T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia(T-LBL/ALL), and investigate the clinicopathological features.@*Methods@#Fifty-one cases of T-LBL/ALL were collected at Guangdong General Hospital from 2010 to 2016, the expression of βF1 and TCRγ was assessed by immunohistochemistry.@*Results@#There were 13 cases of children and adolescents, and 38 cases of adults. The expression rates of βF1 and TCRγ were 27.5%(14/51) and 15.7%(8/51) respectively. The proportion of adults in αβ T-LBL/ALL, TCR-silent T-LBL/ALL and γδ T-LBL/ALL was 7/14, 79.3%(23/29)and 8/8 respectively, and the difference was significant (P=0.023). There was no statistical difference in sex, LDH, bone marrow involvement and Ann arbor stage among these three groups(P>0.05). γδ T-LBL/ALLs included 6 cases of CD4-/CD8- phenotype, whereas αβ T-LBL/ALL included 7 cases of CD4+ /CD8+ phenotype. There was significant difference in CD4/CD8 expression among these three groups(P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#γδ T-LBL/ALL occurred only in adults, with predominantly CD4-/CD8- phenotype. αβ T-LBL/ALL occurred more common in children and adolescents, with predominantly CD4+ /CD8+ phenotype.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709081

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in assessing early curative effect of rosuvastatin on carotid atherosclerotic plaques.Methods Twenty-five patients with lipid-rich necrotic core carotid atherosclerotic plaques received intensive rosuvastatin treatment (5-20 mg/d) for 2 years,and carotid artery DCE-MRI at baseline before treatment and at months 3,12 and 24 after rosuvastatin treatment.Their adventitial transfer constant (K) and fractional plasma volume (Vp) were measured and compared during the rosuvastatin treatment.Results The Vp was significantly smaller at months 3,12 and 24 after rosuvastatin treatment than at baseline before rosuvastatin treatment (0.09±0.05,0.07±0.04 and 0.06±0.05 vs 0.12± 0.06,P<0.05) with a reduction of 25.0% after 3 months of rosuvastatin treatment and a gradual reduction after 24 months of rosuvastatin treatment (P<0.05).The adventitial K was mildly reduced after 24 months of rosuvastatin treatment (P>0.05).Conclusion DCE-MRI can assess the early curative effect of rosuvastatin on carotid atherosclerotic plaques.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 822-826, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807642

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigation HER2 status in gastric adenocarcinoma of Chinese and contributing factors to the HER2 expression. @*Methods@#HER2 status of 40 842 gastric adenocarcinomas and clinical data were retrospectively collected from 23 hospitals dated from 2013 to 2016. The association between HER2 positivity and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. @*Results@#Of the 40 842 patients the median age was 62 years, the male female ratio was 2.6∶1.0. The rate of HER2 positivity was 8.8% (3 577/40 842). HER2 expression was related to the tissue type, tumor location, Lauren classification and tumor differentiation (P values: 0.009, 0.001, <0.01 and <0.01, respectively). Different HER2 expression status was observed between primary and recurrent tumors in 7.6% (48/635) cases. The rates of HER2 positivity ranged from 2% to 10% among different institutions. The rates of HER2 FISH amplification were dramatically different among the 23 hospitals (0-100%) with an average rate of 10% (810/8 156) in patients with HER2 IHC 2+ . @*Conclusions@#HER2 expression is associated with clinicopathologic characteristics. HER2 re-assessment of tumor tissue and use of in situ hybridization techniques increase HER2 positivity. The current retrospective study should reflect the HER2 status in gastric adenocarcinoma of Chinese patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 527-530, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806944

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathologic characteristics, immunophenotype, pathologic diagnosis and differential diagnosis of myxoid adrenocortical adenomas.@*Methods@#The clinical data, histological features and immunohistochemical results of 4 cases of myxoid adrenocortical adenomas were analyzed, which were collected from January 2014 to December 2016 at Guangdong General Hospital, with review of literature.@*Results@#Four cases of myxoid adrenocortical adenomas were presented. The patients ages ranged from 26 to 45 years (mean =35 years). Microscopically, it showed a typical morphology, characterized by small-sized tumor cell cords or pseudo-glands embedded in an abundant extracellular myxoid matrix. Immunohistochemical staining showed tumor cells were strongly positive for Melan A, vimentin and focally for α-inhibin, one case showed strong and diffuse positivity for CAM5.2, and two cases showed diffuse positivity for synaptophysin, while negative for CgA, S-100 protein, epithelial antigen, CK7, CK20 and CKpan.@*Conclusions@#Myxoid adrenocortical adenomas are extremely rare, which may cause confusion with metastatic well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours, sex cord-stromal tumoursor metanephric adenoma. Recognition of this entity would be beneficial for pathologists to avoid misdiagnosis, and unnecessary treatment.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1338-1341,1347, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of color magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined with serum levels of carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA153),carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin 19 fragment antigen 21-1 (CYFRA21-1) on the diagnostic efficacy of breast cancer patients.Methods From December 2015 to December 2017,80 cases of breast cancer in our hospital were selected as the observation group.Another 98 patients with benign breast diseases as control group A,and 94 healthy women as control group B.The serum levels of CA153,CEA and CYFRA21-1in the three groups were measured by electrochemiluminescence and the level of the above serum indexes in patients with different disease stages (stage Ⅰ to Ⅱ,Ⅲ to Ⅳ) in the observation group were compared.The 3 groups were examined by color Doppler high frequency ultrasound.The specificity,sensitivity and accuracy of color Doppler ultrasound combined with serum CA153,CEA and CYFRA21-1 or detecting alone in the diagnosis of breast cancer analyzed.Results There were significant differences in the levels of serum CA153,CEA and CYFRA21-1 in the 3 groups (P <0.05),and the level of serum CA153,CEA and CYFRA21-1 in the observation group was higher than that in the control group A and the control group B (P < 0.05).The levels of serum CA153,CEA and CYFRA21-1 in patients in stage Ⅲ to Ⅳ of the observation group were higher than those in patients in stage Ⅰ to Ⅱ (P < 0.05).The sensitivity and accuracy of color Doppler ultrasound combined with serum CA153,CEA and CYFRA21-1 in the diagnosis of breast cancer were 96.25% (77/80) and 84.93% (231/272),respectively,which were all higher than those of serum CA153,CEA and CYFRA21-1 alone (P < 0.05).And the sensitivity of combined diagnosis was higher than that of color Doppler high frequency ultrasound alone (P < 0.05).Conclusions Color Doppler ultrasound combined with serum levels of CA153,CEA and CYFRA21-1 can significantly improve the sensitivity and accuracy of breast cancer diagnosis,reduce the risk of missed diagnosis,and provide a strong basis for diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696635

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical diagnosis and treatment data of 20 children with hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) in order to improve the clinical diagnosis and treatment of HR.Methods The retrospective analysis of clinical data of 20 cases with HR who were hospitalized at Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from May,2010 to April,2016 was performed to summarize the clinical characteristics.All patients were analyzed for the phosphate regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidase on the X chromosome(PHEX) gene by direct sequencing.If no mutations were detected,multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis was performed.Results All of the 20 cases with HR showed different degrees of growth retardation and typical X-ray rickets.After treatment,the clinical features were improved.Height standard deviation score (HSDS) was improved significantly with longer treatment time,and the difference was statistically significant(P =0.027).There was a correlation between the blood phosphorus fluctuation and secondary hyperparathyroidism(P < 0.05).Nineteen cases had PHEX gene mutations.Truncating mutations was the most frequent mutation type,and 4 new mutations were found.Conclusions Clinical characteristics,laboratory test results and X-ray examination are important clinical index for the diagnosis of HR,and PHEX gene test can be used as an important auxiliary diagnostic tool.Early diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve the clinical manifestations of the patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508509

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The surface of dental impression is inevitable to carry various bacteria caused by direct contact with the patient saliva, mucosa and blood during preparation;therefore, disinfection of the dental impression is necessary. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the disinfection efficiency of glutaraldehyde, chlorine dioxide and electrolyzed oxiding water on dental impressions and to investigate the dimensional stability of impressions after disinfection, thus providing basis for establishing a standard and reasonable disinfection method. METHODS:Alginate impression materials were contaminated in vitro, and then immersed in glutaraldehyde, chlorine dioxide and electrolyzed-oxiding water for 5, 10 and 15 minutes, respectively. The colonies were counted after germiculture to compare the disinfection efficiency of three disinfectants. The impressions were poured in die stone after immersion, the dental models were structured-light scanned and three-dimensional digital dental models were reconstructed. Al the data were global y registered, and linear dimensions were measured on the digital models to deduce the influence of disinfection on surface accuracy and dimensional stability of the impressions. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The disinfecting rate reached 100%through immersion in 2%alkaline glutaraldehyde for 5 minutes, and the disinfection of kil ing the hepatitis B virus was effective after 10-minute immersion. The disinfecting rate of 600 ppm chlorine dioxide for 15 minutes kil ing experimental bacteria reached 99%and effective for kil ing the hepatitis B virus. While the disinfecting rate of kil ing experimental bacteria was less than 99%through immersion in electrolyzed oxiding water for 15 minutes, and was not effective for hepatitis B virus. The three-dimensional digital dental models did not differ significantly. These results suggest that immersion in 2%alkaline glutaraldehyde for 10 minutes or 600 ppm chlorine dioxide for 15 minutes can effectively disinfect alginate impressions and make no significant effect on the dimensional stability.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1257-1261, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the HPLC fingerprint for Blumea balsamifera and its fake B. riparia. METHODS:HPLC was performed on the column of Uitimate-C18 with mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid(gradient elution)at a flow rate of 0.6 mL/min,detection wavelength was 270 nm,column temperature was 25 ℃,and injection volume was 7 μL. Using quercetin as a reference,Similarity Evaluation Software for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2004 A edition)was used for the common peaks identification and similarity analysis of 16 batches of B. balsamifera and 5 batches of B. ri-paria. RESULTS:There were 61 common peaks in the 16 batches of B. balsamifera,similarity degree was 0.931-0.995,which was higher than the similarity degree of 5 batches of B. riparia. CONCLUSIONS:The established fingerprint can provide reference for the identification and quality evaluation of B. balsamifera.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498554

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and muscle strength, physical performance in the elderly. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hangu district of Tianjin from April to June in 2013. Totally 1 131 subjects aged 60 years or older completed the survey. Every subject filled out a standard questionnaire and underwent grip strength test, timed up and go test (TUGT). Serum CRP concentrations were determined using chemiluminescent immunoassay kits. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine the relationship between CRP and muscle strength, physical performance. Results After adjustment for potential confounding factors including age, BMI, smoking status, drinking status, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, anemia, cancer and physical activity, the multiple linear regression analysis suggested that CRP levels were inversely related to handgrip strength (β'=-0.11, P<0.01), and the logistic regression analysis showed that compared with subjects in the lowest quintile, the odds ratios and 95%confidence interval of higher quintile of CRP were 1.09 (0.50, 2.39) and 2.70 (1.34, 5.66) (Ptrend<0.05) in males. However, the relationship between CRP and muscle strength, physical performance was not statistically significant in females. Conclusions In males, higher serum CRP levels were independently correlated with lower muscle strength and poor physical performance in older adults. These results suggested that inflammation-signaling pathways may play an important role in the progression of sarcopenia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study urine albumin excretion (UAE) and its related factors in patients with essential hyper‐tension (EH) .Methods :A total of 113 EH patients without significant target organ damage were enrolled as EH group ,while another 92 healthy subjects were regarded as healthy control group .Ratio of morning urinary albumin to creatinine was measured and regarded as UAE index .Plasma homocysteine (Hcy) ,serum uric acid ,creatinine , blood urea nitrogen ,blood glucose ,blood lipids etc .levels were measured ,and compared between two groups Re‐sults:Compared with healthy control group ,there were significant rise in UAE ,body mass index (BMI) ,waist hip ratio ,blood pressure ,pulse pressure ,heart rate ,plasma levels of triglyceride (TG) ,low density lipoprotein choles‐terol (LDL‐C) ,serum uric acid and Hcy (P<0.05 or <0.01) ,and significant reduction in level of high density lip‐oprotein cholesterol (HDL‐C) in EH group ( P=0.001) .Pearson correlation analysis indicated that lgUAE was pos‐itively correlated with lgTG (r=0.257 ,P=0.015) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR ,r=0.284 ,P=0.007) ,and inversely correlated with lg creatinine (r= -0.277 ,P=0.008) in healthy control group ,while in EH group ,lgUAE was positively correlated BMI (r=0.231 ,P=0.014) ,lgTG (r=0.200 ,P=0.034) and lgHcy (r=0.244 , P=0.009) .Muti-factor gradual regression analysis indicated that lg TG (β=0.265 ,P=0.001) and lg Hcy (β=0.170 , P=0.012) were independently positively correlated with lg UAE , R2 =0.112.Conclusion:UAE level significantly rises in EH patients ,and it′s significantly positively correlated with plasma levels of TG and Hcy .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467352

ABSTRACT

Objective Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple and reliable inflammation biomarker but few studies have assessed the relationship between NLR and hypertension in Chinese population. In order to evaluate how NLR is related to the incidence of hypertension, we designed a large scale prospective cohort study in an adult population. Method Participants were recruited from Tianjin Medical University's General Hospital?Health Management Centre. Hypertension?free subjects (men, 13 638;women,15 212) were followed up for a median of 2.7 years. Adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess relationships between the quintiles of NLR and the incidence of hypertension. Result During the follow-up period, 1 348 subjects in men and 476 subjects in women developed hypertension. The hazard ratios of hypertension incidence were evaluated in increasing NLR quintiles both in men and women. In the final multivariate models, the hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) for hypertension across NLR quintiles were 1.00 (Reference), 1.05 (0.87, 1.26), 1.02 (0.85, 1.22), 1.07 (0.90, 1.29) and 1.22 (1.03, 1.45) (P for trend=0.01), in men;1.00 (Reference), 1.11 (0.82, 1.49), 0.79 (0.58, 1.08), 1.13 (0.85, 1.52) and 1.25 (0.94, 1.66) (P for trend=0.07), in women, respectively. Conclusion This study showed that the elevated NLR levels were significantly related to an increased risk of developing hypertension in men, but not in women.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464794

ABSTRACT

Background:Gastrointestinal dysmotility is commonly seen in individuals exposed to acute plateau hypoxia. Its pathogenic mechanism is still not clear and intervention study is rarely performed. Aims:To investigate the influence of plateau hypoxia on small intestinal motility of rats,its possible mechanism,and the intervention effect of raw Atractylodes macrocephala. Methods:Seventy Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups:control group,two high altitude model groups(3 500 m and 5 000 m),trimebutine and raw Atractylodes macrocephala groups at 3 500 m or 5 000 m altitude. Rats in six experiment groups were placed in a hypobaric chamber mimicking 3 500 m or 5 000 m altitude and given trimebutine/ raw Atractylodes macrocephala/ saline intragastrically for 3 days. Then all the rats were lavaged with 2 mL ink and sacrificed 30 minutes later. The propulsion rate of ink in small intestine was measured,the pathological changes of small intestine tissue were examined,and the expression of 5-HT4 receptor was determined by immunohistochemistry. Results:Compared with control group,the propulsion rate of small intestine and immunopositive area of 5-HT4 receptor were reduced in model group at 3 500 m altitude,while those in model group at 5 000 m altitude were increased(P ﹤0. 05). Moderate-to-severe mucosal injury was observed in two model groups. In model rats treated with raw Atractylodes macrocephala,the abnormalities in small intestine propulsion and 5-HT4 receptor induced by high altitude(3 500 m and 5 000 m)returned to the control level(P ﹤ 0. 05),and the mucosal injury ameliorated simultaneously. Efficacy of raw Atractylodes macrocephala was prior to trimebutine,a positive control. Conclusions:Acute plateau hypoxia may induce small intestine dysmotility with diverse manifestations,and altitude is a crucial determinant in this process. Raw Atractylodes macrocephala can exert therapeutic effect on this dysmotility by modulating 5-HT4 receptor,and it is also effective in repairing mucosal injury.

20.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 505-508, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464677

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method for quality control of xinshuaining mixture. Methods The herbal contents including red ginseng,milk veteh,root of red rooted salvia were identified by thin layer chromatography ( TLC) and the content of ginsenoside Rb1 in xinshuaining mixture was determined by high performance liquid chromatography ( HPLC ) . Results The herbs can be overtly identified by TLC. Ginsenoside Rb1 had a linear relationship in the range of 1. 095-5. 475μg, and the average recovery was 97. 3%(RSD 1. 98%). Conclusion The method is simple and rapid,and can be used for the quality control of xinshuaining mixture.

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