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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912385

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic macular membrane (iERM) is a fibrocellular membrane that forms on the inner surface of the retina. In its early stages, symptoms of iERM are usually not apparent. However, advanced iERM can cause different degrees of visual impairment and effect the quality of life of patients. Current studies suggest that iERM may be associated with posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), age, sex, race and/or ethnicity, poor lifestyle, refractive error, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, and cardiovascular disease. The most well-established risk factors for iERM are age and PVD. The pathogenesis of iERM is extremely complex. Various cell types, such as Müller cells, Hyalocytes and myofibroblasts, nerve growth factor, interleukin-6, transforming growth factor β, vascular endothelial growth factor and other cytokines and growth factors, as well as a variety of genes and proteins are directly or indirectly involved in the formation of iERM, however, their exact role remains a mystery. In the future, further studies at the molecular level and gene level are needed to provide greater help for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of iERM.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of exercise stress echocardiography combined with left ventricular two-dimensional speckle tracking layer-specific strain technique in evaluating subclinical myocardial damage and reserve function in patients with hypertension.Methods:A total of 51 healthy subjects(control group) and 55 hypertensive patients (hypertension group) were enrolled in the treadmill exercise stress test in Sichuan Provincial People′s Hospital from October 2018 to January 2020. According to the European Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension, the inclusion criteria for patients with hypertension were: blood pressure≥140/90 mmHg or who explicitly took antihypertensive drugs, and related cardiovascular diseases were excluded. The conventional parameters of resting and peak exercise, including left ventricular mass index, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular ejection fraction et al, were analyzed by speckle tracking software in two groups. According to the standard images in the resting and peak exercise, the endocardium /mid-myocardium /epicardium of left ventricular (three-, two-, four-chamber and global) longitudinal strain and circumferential strain (papillary muscle level) were compared respectively in two groups. The characteristics of strain differences and the systolic function reserve between the resting and peak exercise were evaluated.Results:There were significant differences in conventional ultrasound parameters between resting and peak exercise period in hypertension group, except E/A and e/a ratio (all P<0.05), and E/e value increased significantly(12.1±0.38) during peak exercise, indicating impaired diastolic reserve function. The longitudinal and circumferential layer-specific strain values from endocardial to epicardial were gradually decreased in both two groups. Compared with the control group, the resting longitudinal and circumferential endocardial strain values in hypertensive group were decreased, and the differences were more obvious at peak status, for instance global longitudinal endocardium strain at rest[control group (24.4±1.5)%, hypertension group (20.4±2.3)%], peak status[control group (30.8±2.8)%, hypertension group (22.8±2.9)%]( P<0.05). There were no significant differences of the partial layer-specific strain values between the peak exercise and resting status in hypertension group, while peak layer-specific strain of the control group were all significantly increased, suggesting that the left ventricular systolic reserve function of hypertension patients was lower than that of the control group. Conclusions:Left ventricular layer-specific strain can effectively evaluate the myocardial function in patients with hypertension, especially the endocardial strain can be used as an indicator parameter, and the peak exercise stress state is more sensitive. The systolic and diastolic reserve function of the left ventricle in patients with hypertension at the peak period are reduced to different degrees. Exercise stress echocardiography combined with left ventricular layer-specific strain technique can be used as a new method for detection of myocardial function impairment in patients with hypertension.

3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 583-590, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888586

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly aggressive malignancy characterized by rapid growth, early metastasis and acquired therapeutic resistance, and the prognosis is extremely poor. Studies have proved that the stem cell marker CD44 is correlated with tumor recurrence and treatment resistance, however, there are limited reports yet concerning on the CD44 expression and its clinical prognostic significance in SCLC patients. The purpose of this study is to investigate the expression of CD44 in tumor tissues as well as serum of SCLC patients and explore its correlation with the clinical characteristics, therapeutic effect and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The tumor tissues and serum samples of 47 newly diagnosed SCLC patients were collected. Immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were applied to detect CD44. The relationship between CD44 level and the clinical characteristics as well as prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The stem cell marker CD44 was detectable both in serum sample and tumor tissue of SCLC patients. The positive rate of CD44 in tumor tissue was significantly higher in patients with performance status (PS) 2 than that of patients with PS 0-1 (85.71% vs 30%, P=0.017). Patients were divided in to different groups according to the treatment efficacy. The CD44 immunohistochemical score and serum level in the disease progression group were significantly higher than those in the disease control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P=0.006, P=0.034), Univariate analysis depicted that the progression-free survival (PFS) of CD44 positive patients was significantly shorter than that of CD44 negative patients (5.23 mon vs 9.03 mon, P=0.036).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The positive expression of CD44 in tumor tissues of pre-treatment SCLC patients is correlated with poor PFS. The clinical significance of CD44 is worthy to be further studied.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 208-213, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the cause of varicocele (VC) recurrence and investigate the efficacy of sub-inguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy (MV) for recurrent VC.Methods:All of 16 inpatients diagnosed as recurrent VC, in the Department of Andrology of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from 2015 April to 2019 April, were performed sub-inguinal MV. The age of the inpatients was 18-36 years old, median 27 years old.5 cases were originally performed retroperitoneal high ligation of spermatic vein and other 11 cases were originally performed laparoscopic varicocelectomy. During the review one to three years after the previous operation, all of 16 patients were diagnosed as VC recurrence. The complains of these patients during the review included male subfertility (10 cases) and scrotal pain (12 cases), in which 6 cases’ complains were male subfertility with scrotal pain. After admission, 13 patients were classified as Grade Ⅲ (left in 8 cases, bilateral in 5 cases) and 3 patients as Grade Ⅱ (all left). The median of their visual analogue scale (VAS) was 2.5. Color doppler flow imaging (CDFI) grading showed: Grade Ⅲ in 12 cases (left in 7 cases, bilateral in 5 cases), Grade Ⅱ in 4 cases (all left). Particularly, 12 of them were Graded as Ⅲ simultaneously accompanying with Nut-cracker Phenomenon (NCP). Preoperative tests showed that the average serum testosterone was (16.2±4.9)nmol/ml, the average sperm concentration was (11.8±3.9)×10 6/ml and the progressive motility rate (PR) was (24.4±4.2)%. All of the patients were performed sub-inguinal MV using general anesthesia and supine position. The spermatic cords were clearly exposed and padded up by inserting gauze strips under them. During the operation, the field was magnified 4-6 times with the microscope. Then all of the dilated external and internal spermatic veins were ligated, at the same time the internal spermatic artery and lymph vessels were well preserved. During these operations, 11 patients underwent left-side MV, while other 5 did bilateral MVs. During these MVs, we found twisted and dilated external and internal spermatic veins in all cases and well preserved the internal spermatic arteries and lymph vessels. The number of ligated left and right external spermatic veins were(2.1±0.6) and (1.4±0.5)respectively and the number of ligated left and right internal spermatic veins were (10.1±1.1) and (6.6±0.5) respectively. We also found out(1.3±0.5) internal spermatic arteries and (3.0±1.0)lymph-vessels on left side. On right side, there were (1.4±0.5) internal spermatic arteries and (2.6±0.5) lymph-vessels respectively. At last, we summarily analyzed the pre-operative and post-operative VAS, serum testosterone, CDFI and semen analysis data. Results:All of the 16 sub-inguinal MVs were successfully performed. All patients were reviewed comprehensively 6 months after MV. The reviewed results showed that the post-operative VAS was significantly reduced ( Z=-2.994, P<0.05), palpable scrotal vessels disappeared and Valsalva tests were negative. No obvious reflux of internal spermatic veins were detected by CDFI. Interestingly, the sperm concentration and motility were both significantly improved 6 months after MV ( P<0.05), while there was not remarkable increase of the serum testosterone after MV ( P>0.05). During the follow up, no testicular atrophy, hydrocele and other complications were found. Up to submission, five of the ten patients who presented for male subfertility have impregnated their wives. Conclusions:The most possible cause of VC recurrence could be the omission of the external and internal spermatic veins, particularly in the grade Ⅲ VC patients or VC accompanied with NCP. The sub-inguinal MV, which can discover more twisted spermatic veins and at the same time preserve the spermatic artery and lymph-vessels, shows better clinical efficacy than other procedures.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 609-614, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the predictive value of histogram parameters derived from synthetic MRI for extramural venous invasion (EMVI) of rectal cancer.Methods:Totally 76 patients with pathologically proven rectal adenocarcinoma were enrolled in this retrospective study from November 2018 to December 2019 in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. All participants underwent preoperative rectal MRI examination including MAGiC within 4 weeks before surgery. The status of EMVI on MRI was independently assessed by one junior and one senior radiologist. Histogram parameters were extracted from T 1, T 2 and proton density (PD) mapping, including mean, variance, maximum, minimum, 10 th percentile, median, 90 th percentile, energy, kurtosis, entropy and skewness. With postoperative pathological result as the gold standard, the patients were divided into EMVI-positive group ( n=18) and EMVI-negative group ( n=58). The Mann-whitney U test was used to compare the differences in histogram parameters between the two groups. The ROC curves were used to explore the predictive performance for assessing EMVI. The logistic regression analysis was used to combine the assessment of radiologists with parameters whose area under the ROC curve (AUC)>0.7. The Delong test was used to analyze the differences of diagnostic efficacy between different methods in predicting EMVI. Results:Significant differences of the energy of T 1, T 2 and PD mapping and skewness of PD mapping were observed between the EMVI-positive and EMVI-negative group ( P<0.05), with the AUC of 0.744, 0.728, 0.708 and 0.652. The AUC of junior radiologist in evaluating EMVI was 0.711, and the AUC of the combination with energy of T 1, T 2 and PD mapping was 0.817, showing a statistically significant difference ( Z=2.281, P=0.023). The AUC of senior radiologist in evaluating EMVI was 0.837, and the AUC of the combination with energy was 0.856. There was a significant difference in AUC between junior and senior radiologists in assessing EMVI ( Z=2.587, P=0.010), while there was no significant difference between junior radiologist combined with energy and senior radiologist ( Z=0.578, P=0.563). Conclusion:The histogram parameters based on quantitative mapping of synthetic MRI were useful for predicting EMVI of rectal cancer.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the left ventricular (LV) systolic function in amateur marathoners by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography.Methods:A total of 59 amateur marathon runners were recruited from January 2019 to June 2020 in Hangzhou and were divided into group A (>2-5 years) and group B (>5 years) based on their time of participating in marathon. Thirty-one healthy volunteers were enrolled from Affiliate Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University during the same period as a control group. Conventional echocardiography combined with two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging were applied to all the subjects to obtain interventricular septum diastolic thickness (IVSd), LV posterior wall thickness(PWd), LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd), relative wall thickness(RWT) and LV mass(LVM), LV end-diastolic volume(EDV), LV end-systolic volume(ESV) and stroke volume(SV), LV ejection fraction(LVEF), LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), and global circumferential strain (GCS). Pre-marathon, 1 hour and 4th day post-marathon echocardiography were performed in amateur marathon runners.Results:Compared with the control group, group A amateur marathon runners showed significant increases in IVSd, PWd, LVEDd, RWT and LVM(all P<0.05); In addition, the IVSd, PWd, LVEDd, RWT, LVM, EDV, ESV and SV in group B runners were further increased compared to those of group A runners (all P<0.01). The LVEF and pre-marathon GCS showed no statistically significant differences among the three groups (all P>0.05), while the pre-marathon GLS showed a statistically significant difference among the three groups ( P<0.01). Compared with group A runners, the pre-marathon, 1 hour and 4th day post-marathon GLS and 1 hour post-marathon GCS were significantly decreased in group B runners (all P<0.01); In intra-group comparison, 1 hour post-marathon GLS was significantly decreased in relative to pre-marathon and 4th day post-marathon GLS in both group A and B (all P<0.05). One hour post-marathon GCS was significantly decreased compared with pre-marathon GCS in group B ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Amateur runners who have participated in long time marathon have reduced LV longitudinal strains and transient post-marathon decreases in LV systolic function.

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 256-263, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of coronary injection of recombinant human prourokinase (rhPro-UK) during PCI for ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients.Methods:A total of 124 STEMI patients treated in Tangshan Gongren Hospital, Hebei Province from November 2018 to November 2019 were selected as the research objects.They were simply randomized by random number table method into the observation group(63 cases) and the control group(61 cases). Thrombus aspiration was used.The control group was treated with 25 μg/kg tirofiban, and the observation group was injected with 20 mg rhPro-UK into the coronary arteries.After that, both groups underwent emergency PCI treatment.The bleeding degree, myocardial microcirculation indexes, plasma fibrinolytic factor changes, vascular recanalization, ST segment fall of electrocardiogram and changes in left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), cardiac index (CI) were recorded.Results:The peak value of creatine kinase isoenzymes MB (CK-MB) (184.64±21.47) U/L and the peak time of CK-MB (14.32±2.02) h in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group((258.94±31.64) U/L, (16.58±2.09) h), the differences were statistically significant ( t=15.345 and 6.123, all P<0.001). After treatment, human tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) (0.85±0.28) kU/L in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (0.74±0.24) kU/L, human plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) (0.16±0.05) kU/L.compared with the control group (0.32±0.08) kU/L significantly decreased ( t=2.345, P=0.021; t=13.401, P<0.001); 77.78% (49/63) of the ST-segment complete fall in observation group was significantly higher than 54.10% (33/61) of the control group ( Z=7.758; P=0.005), and 4.76% (3/63) in the observation group without a fall in ST segment was significantly lower than 19.67% (12/61) of the control group ( Z=6.480; P=0.011). The LVEDD at 7 days, 14 days and the LVESD at 7 days and 14 days in the observation group were (49.37±3.14) mm, (48.34±3.03) mm, (33.19±2.23) mm and (32.05±2.23) mm respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group at 7 days, (50.64±3.03) mm, (49.66±2.83) mm, (34.86±1.73) mm and 14 days, (33.74±1.97) mm respectively ( P<0.05 or P<0.001). The LVEF of 7 days and 14 days after treatment were (56.32±4.97)% and (59.23±5.11)%, which were significantly higher than those of the control group (54.46±4.87)% and (57.18±4.33)% ( P<0.05 or P<0.001). CI at 7 days and 14 days after treatment were (3.65±0.22) L/ (min·m 2) and (3.76±0.21) L/(min·m 2), which were significantly higher than those of the control group (3.48±0.25) L/(min·m 2) and (3.56±0.24) L/(min·m 2)( P<0.05 or P<0.001). Conclusion:STEMI patients treated by intraoperative coronary injection of Rhpro-UK versus tirofeban, can further improve the total bleeding rate and the vascular recanalculation rate, and also significantly improve plasma fibrinolysis factor, myocardial microcirculation and cardiac function.This provides an alternative to the treatment of myocardial infarction in patients with STEMI.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1866-1869, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825046

ABSTRACT

Cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCA) is a malignant tumor derived from the biliary epithelium, with a lack of effective therapeutic drugs and poor prognosis. Studies have shown that the development and progression of CCA are closely associated with angiogenesis, and a variety of angiogenic factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor VEGFR, can regulate angiogenesis in CCA, participate in the development and progression of CCA, and affect its prognosis. Therefore, anti-angiogenic drugs targeting VEGF/VEGFR, such as monoclonal antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors, have gradually become research hotspots for the treatment of CCA. This article reviews the role of the VEGF/VEGFR pathways in the clinical features and prognosis of CCA, the advances in anti-angiogenic therapy for CCA, and related studies on drug resistance.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanisms of effects of high fat and high fructose diet on rat aging.Methods:Adult male SD rats were divided into normal diet(ND) group and high fat and high fructose diet(HFHFD) group. After treatment for 48 weeks, these rats were sacrificed and the blood, liver, and brain tissues were collected. Serum triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C) levels were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer. The serum levels of interluekin-2(IL-2), IL-6, and advanced glycation end products(AGEs) were measured using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expressions of p16, p21, and p53 genes in the liver and brain tissues were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and western blot.Results:After 48 weeks treatment, there were significant differences in body weight and fasting plasma glucose between two groups. Serum TG, TC, and LDL-C in HFHFD group were significantly higher than those in the ND group( P<0.05), with an increase trend in HDL-C but without statistical difference. Compared with ND group, the level of IL-2 in HFHFD group was significantly decreased while the levels of IL-6 and AGEs were significantly increased(all P<0.05). The levels of p16 and p21 mRNA expressions as well as p53 and p21 protein expressions in liver and brain in HFHFD group were markedly increased compared with ND group(all P<0.05). Conclusion:Long-term high fat and high fructose diets accelerate the aging process of rats, which may be related to the damage of the immune system and the changes of cell senescence related gene expressions in liver and brain tissues.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870054

ABSTRACT

Objective:Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) is an incretin lyase, while DPP4 inhibitors have been used clinically as hypoglycemic drugs. Serum DPP4 is related to metabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and obesity, and lipid metabolic disorder is an important part of metabolic syndrome. This study was designed to explore the relationship between DPP4 and lipid metabolic disorder.Methods:There were 3644 participants from Chengqiao Town, Chongming District, Shanghai. All of the subjects recruited were residents between 40-70 years old, who have not diagnosed as diabetes mellitus (DM) and who have never used any lipid-lowering drugs. Glucose, insulin, lipid level, DPP4 activity and liver enzymes in serum of all participants were tested. In addition, height, weight and blood pressure were also recorded.Results:Participants were divided into four groups (Q1-Q4) according to the quartile value of serum DPP4 activities. Along with the increase of serum DPP4 activity, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and blood glucose levels increased, and triglyceride increased from (1.23 ± 0.70) mmol/L to (2.31 ± 1.89) mmol/L. Compared with cholesterol levels, the triglyceride was more closely related to DPP4 activity [the correlation coefficients of triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) were 0.424, 0.281, 0.142, and 0.027, respectively]. After adjusting for confounding factors (age, gender, BMI), the result was similar. With the increase of DPP4 enzyme activity, the Q4 group had a higher risk of developing hyperglyceridemia ( OR=5.25) than the Q1 group, and the result was almost unchanged after adjusting for confounding factors and blood glucose levels ( OR=4.90). Conclusion:Serum DPP4 activity is independently related to blood lipid levels, and is particularly closely related to blood TG levels.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870005

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of resistant dextrin (RD) on liver fat deposition in high-fat diet-fed (HFD) mice, and to further explore whether it can regulate the AMPK signaling pathway.Methods:Thirty-six 4-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group (chow), high-fat diet group (HFD), and high-fat diet+ resistant dextrin group (HFD+ RD, 10 g·kg -1·d -1). After 12 weeks of intervention, the liver tissues and serum samples were collected. Serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) levels and liver TG were measured. Liver tissue HE and oil red O staining were performed to observe hepatocyte steatosis and liver fat deposition. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect the relative expression of fatty acid synthesis related genes SREBP1, ACC, SCD1 in the liver tissue, and Western blot was performed to detect relative protein levels of pAMPK, SREBP1, Fasn, and ACC in the liver. Results:Compared with chow group, the body weight gain, fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and ALT levels were increased in HFD group ( P<0.01), and serum AST level was also increased ( P<0.05). Moreover, liver oil red O staining revealed that liver fat deposition was much more obvious in HFD group than that in chow group, and liver TG was also increased in HFD group ( P<0.01). The mRNA levels of SREBP1 and ACC were increased in HFD group compared with that in chow group, and the protein level of pAMPK was reduced in HFD group ( P<0.05). As compared with HFD group, the body weight gain, serum TG, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C and ALT levels were significantly reduced in RD group ( P<0.01), and FBG level was also reduced ( P<0.05). Moreover, RD treatment alleviated liver fat deposition and TG accumulation ( P<0.01). The mRNA levels of SREBP1, ACC, and SCD1 were all reduced in RD group compared with HFD group. The protein level of pAMPK was increased, and the expression of Fasn was reduced with RD treatment ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Resistant dextrin improves liver fat deposition and activates the AMPK signaling pathway in HFD-fed mice.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of comprehensive treatment based on radiotherapy for patients with leptomeningeal metastases (LM) in this prospective study.Methods:A total of 93 patients diagnosed with LM admitted to our hospital undergoing whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) or craniospinal irradiation (CSI) with or without simultaneous boost from 2014 to 2017 were enrolled. The dynamic changes of clinical signs and symptoms, enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cerebrospinal fluid cytology and liquid biopsy detection were recorded. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), the secondary endpoints were local control (LC), intracranial progress-free survival (IPFS), brain metastasis specific survival (BMSS) and toxicity.Results:The major primary disease was non-small cell lung cancer. The whole cohort received WBRT with boost (40 Gy in 20 fractions (f) for WBRT and 60 Gy in 20 f for boost), focal radiation to LM, WBRT and CSI (40 Gy in 20 f or 50 Gy in 25 f for WBRT and 36 Gy in 20 f for CSI). For 20 patients, tumor cells were identified and intrathecal chemotherapy was performed. Sixty-three patients received target therapy. The median follow-up time was 33.8 months. The 1-year OS, LC and IPFS was 62.4%, 77.2% and 52.6%, respectively. The median survival time was 15.9 months, and the median BMSS was 42.2 months. Treatment-related grade 3-4 adverse events were rare and only 8 cases was observed to have grade 3 hematological toxicity.Conclusion:Reasonable comprehensive treatment including precise radiotherapy, intrathecal chemotherapy and targeted therapy can be well tolerated and prolong the survival time of LM patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hypofractionated radiotherapy for lung metastases (LMs).Methods:From March 2007 to April 2019, 193 patients with 317 LMs including 124 male and 69 female admitted to our hospital were enrolled. The median age was 58 years old and the median KPS was 80. The primary tumors were mainly distributed in the lung (33.7%), colorectum (21.2%), head and neck (13.5%) and breast (10.9%), respectively. The clinical efficacy and side effects of hypofractionated radiotherapy for LMs were evaluated.Results:The median follow-up time was 59.9 months (95% CI: 55.1-64.6 months). Among 193 patients with 317 LMs, 90.7% of them were treated with 4D-CT, 69.4% for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), 28.0% for volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and 2.6% for tomotherapy (TOMO), respectively. The median gross tumor volume (GTV) and planning target volume (PTV) were 5.0 cm 3(0.2-142.3 cm 3) and 12.0 cm 3(1.0-200.1 cm 3). The prescription dose regimen was 60 Gy in 4 to 15 fractions. The median dose for PTV was 60 Gy (45-70 Gy) and biological effective dose was 96 Gy (60-150 Gy), respectively. The 1-, 3-and 5-year local control rates (LCR) were 95.7%, 91.3% and 89.9%, respectively. The median time from primary cancer diagnosis to lung metastases was a prognostic factor for LCR ( P=0.027). The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 90.1%, 60.8%, 46.2%, and 54.3%, 30.3%, 19.9%, respectively. The median time from primary cancer diagnosis to lung metastases and extrapulmonary metastases was the prognostic factor for OS and PFS. No Grade 3 toxicities were seen. Conclusion:Image-guided hypofractionated precision radiotherapy is an efficacious and safe treatment for LMs.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864573

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of quarter positioning combined with touch method in the blood collection of radial artery in newborn.Methods:A total of 100 cases of neonates admitted to Hangzhou Children ′s Hospital from September 2018 to April 2019 were selected as subjects. For the 50 newborns admitted from September to December 2018, the first blood collection of the radial artery was performed by touch method (as the control group) . For the 50 neonates admitted from January to April 2019, the first blood collection was performed using the quarter positioning combined touch method (as the observation group) . The success rate of one-time blood sampling, blood collection time, subcutaneous bleeding range and neonatal pain assessment scale (NIPS) scores of the two groups were observed. Results:The success rate of blood collection was 90% (45/50), the time of blood collection was (1.99±0.32) min, the proportion of subcutaneous hemorrhage was 20% (10/50) in the observation group, and 70% (35/50). (4.99±0.22) min, and 56% (28/50) in the control group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 6.25,13.75, t value was 54.627, both P<0.05). 38 cases and 12 cases with NIPS scores of 0-3 and 4-7 were in observation group,and 25 cases and 25 cases in the control group respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 7.25, P<0.01). Conclusion:Quarter positioning combined touch method in neonatal radial artery blood collection is intuitive, simple and time-saving, which is suitable for promotion and application in neonatal wards.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799339

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of resistant dextrin (RD) on liver fat deposition in high-fat diet-fed (HFD) mice, and to further explore whether it can regulate the AMPK signaling pathway.@*Methods@#Thirty-six 4-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group (chow), high-fat diet group (HFD), and high-fat diet+ resistant dextrin group (HFD+ RD, 10 g·kg-1·d-1). After 12 weeks of intervention, the liver tissues and serum samples were collected. Serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT) levels and liver TG were measured. Liver tissue HE and oil red O staining were performed to observe hepatocyte steatosis and liver fat deposition. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect the relative expression of fatty acid synthesis related genes SREBP1, ACC, SCD1 in the liver tissue, and Western blot was performed to detect relative protein levels of pAMPK, SREBP1, Fasn, and ACC in the liver.@*Results@#Compared with chow group, the body weight gain, fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, and ALT levels were increased in HFD group (P<0.01), and serum AST level was also increased (P<0.05). Moreover, liver oil red O staining revealed that liver fat deposition was much more obvious in HFD group than that in chow group, and liver TG was also increased in HFD group (P<0.01). The mRNA levels of SREBP1 and ACC were increased in HFD group compared with that in chow group, and the protein level of pAMPK was reduced in HFD group (P<0.05). As compared with HFD group, the body weight gain, serum TG, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C and ALT levels were significantly reduced in RD group (P<0.01), and FBG level was also reduced (P<0.05). Moreover, RD treatment alleviated liver fat deposition and TG accumulation (P<0.01). The mRNA levels of SREBP1, ACC, and SCD1 were all reduced in RD group compared with HFD group. The protein level of pAMPK was increased, and the expression of Fasn was reduced with RD treatment (P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Resistant dextrin improves liver fat deposition and activates the AMPK signaling pathway in HFD-fed mice.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 716-731, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826904

ABSTRACT

Stearoyl-ACP Δ⁹ desaturase (SAD) catalyzes the synthesis of monounsaturated oleic acid or palmitoleic acid in plastids. SAD is the key enzyme to control the ratio of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids in plant cells. In order to analyze the regulation mechanism of soybean oleic acid synthesis, soybean (Glycine max) GmSAD family members were genome-wide identified, and their conserved functional domains and physicochemical properties were also analyzed by bioinformatics tools. The spatiotemporal expression profile of each member of GmSADs was detected by qRT-PCR. The expression vectors of GmSAD5 were constructed. The enzyme activity and biological function of GmSAD5 were examined by Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression in Nicotiana tabacum leaves and genetic transformation of oleic acid-deficient yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) mutant BY4389. Results show that the soybean genome contains five GmSAD family members, all encoding an enzyme protein with diiron center and two conservative histidine enrichment motifs (EENRHG and DEKRHE) specific to SAD enzymes. The active enzyme protein was predicted as a homodimer. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that five GmSADs were divided into two subgroups, which were closely related to AtSSI2 and AtSAD6, respectively. The expression profiles of GmSAD members were significantly different in soybean roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and seeds at different developmental stages. Among them, GmSAD5 expressed highly in the middle and late stages of developmental seeds, which coincided with the oil accumulation period. Transient expression of GmSAD5 in tobacco leaves increased the oleic acid and total oil content in leaf tissue by 5.56% and 2.73%, respectively, while stearic acid content was reduced by 2.46%. Functional complementation assay in defective yeast strain BY4389 demonstrated that overexpression of GmSAD5 was able to restore the synthesis of monounsaturated oleic acid, resulting in high oil accumulation. Taken together, soybean GmSAD5 has strong selectivity to stearic acid substrates and can efficiently catalyze the biosynthesis of monounsaturated oleic acid. It lays the foundation for the study of soybean seed oleic acid and total oil accumulation mechanism, providing an excellent target for genetic improvement of oil quality in soybean.


Subject(s)
Fatty Acid Desaturases , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Oleic Acid , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Seeds , Chemistry , Soybeans , Classification , Genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 687-695, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775570

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In recent years, a number of clinical trials have shown that immunocheckpoint inhibitors (ICI) have brought survival benefits to patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, such clinical trials comprise cohorts selected based on strict and complex entry and exclusion criteria, and the results cannot fully reflect the real world situation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of immunotherapy in the real world, as well as possible prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#Patients with advanced NSCLC receiving immunotherapy in Beijing Chest Hospital from January 2017 to July 2019 were retrospectively collected, and the following information were collected: curative effect, progression-free surival (PFS) and adverse reactions. The occurrence of adverse reactions and clinical curative effect and prognosis factors that may be relevant were explored.@*RESULTS@#34 patients were enrolled in this study, median PFS was 5.66 months (95%CI: 4.48-6.84), grade 1-2 and 3-4 incidence of adverse events was 61.71% (22/34) and 14.71% (5/34), there were 3 patients (8.82%) experienced fatal immune related adverse events (irAE), 2 cases were immune associated pneumonia, 1 case was immune related myocarditis. Univariate analysis showed that tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage and metastatic site were correlated with median PFS (P<0.05), and multivariate analysis showed that patients with extrapulmonary metastasis (OR=6.42, P=0.029) and pleural metastasis (OR=14.14, P=0.006) had shorter median PFS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the real world, immunotherapy has good efficacy in patients with advanced NSCLC, but the incidence of severe irAE is also higher. Distant metastasis and pleural metastasis are poor prognostic factors for advanced NSCLC patients receiving immunotherapy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824926

ABSTRACT

Objective This paper studied the characteristics and contents of the hospital scientific research management subsystem based on HRP system,analyzing its characteristics and functions,proposing solutions to identified problems to improve the hospital management and core competitiveness.Methods Through the analysis of the characteristics and design module contents of the research management subsystem of HRP system,some problems were identified in the system,such as the long adaptation process of researchers' new or old concepts,unstable research management subsystem affecting the links between departments and so on.Results To better deal with identified problems,this paper put forward some improvement measurements,such as strengthening the monitoring of H RP system's scientific research management subsystem,strengthening the safety construction of both HRP system and scientific research management subsystem.Conclusions HRP system and scientific research management subsystem reflect the refinement,scientific and integration of hospital management,which is a hospital management concept and a means to improve the core competitiveness of the hospital.We should change the percep tions,improve understandings,strengthen the collaboration,and promote the overall development of the hospital.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804682

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure and cytochrome P450 CYP1A1 expression at gene and enzyme activity levels in the peripheral blood monocyte cells in coke oven workers, and to provide a certain basis for the biological monitoring of health damage in coke oven workers.@*Methods@#We surveyed 118 coke oven workers and 63 controls (energy power workers in the same company) using self-designed questionnaire, determined their post-shift urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OH-Py) concentration using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-fluorescence detector method. We also isolated the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) from fasting venous blood, and detected DNA damage using comet assay, CYP1A1 mRNA level using the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR), and EROD activity using spectrophotometry. Statistical analyses including one-way analysis of variance and multiple linear regressions were used to analyze the association of urinary 1-OH-Py and CYP1A1 mRNA level and EROD activity.@*Results@#Compared to the control group, the urinary 1-OH-Py concentration and PBMC DNA tail moment were significantly increased in coke oven workers (P<0.05), and CYP1A1 gene level and EROD activity in PBMC were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Multiple linear regression showed that a ten-fold increase of urinary 1-OH-Pycon centration was associated with a decrease of 0.77 (95%CI: -1.33--0.21) in CYP1A1 gene level, and a decline of 0.15 (95%CI: -0.76--0.16) in EROD activity of PBMC in coke oven workers (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Occupational PAHs exposure induced DNA damage, which was associated with the decreased level in CYP1A1 gene cavel and EROD activity in PBMC of coke oven workers.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804575

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence of occupational diseases in a District of Beijing, from 2004 to 2017 and to analyze the distribution characteristics and incidence trends of occupational diseases.@*Methods@#The data of confirmed occupational disease cases data in the occupational disease and occupational health information monitoring system in a district of Beijing from 2004~2017 were collected to analyze the incidence and trends of occupational diseases.@*Results@#In 2004~2017, a total of 161cases of occupational diseases were reported in a district of Beijing, mainly pneumoconiosis (113 cases, 70.19%) . The average age of onset of pneumoconiosis was (51.65 ±11.10) years old, and the average age of dust exposure was (13.14±8.07) years, mainly including silicosis accounting for 85.84%, concentrated in small collective enterprises. Pneumoconiosis was mainly female, with 80 cases accounting for 70.80% of the disease; most of the working years were 10-20 years, the age of onset of dust pneumoconiosis and the duration of dust exposure were statistically different (P<0.05) ; The distribution of pneumoconiosis industry was concentrated on the manufacture of jewellery and related articles in 91cases (80.53%) , Compared with the non-jewellery and related articles manufacturing industry, the average age of onset were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Occupational diseases other than pneumoconiosis were mainly male; occupational ear, nose and throat (ENT) and oral disease male accounted for 86.96% of the disease, mainly concentrated in small enterprises, state-owned enterprises, the majority of working years wereconcentrated in 20~30 years; occupational infectious diseases accountded for 93.33% of the disease, mainly concentrated in small collective enterprises, most of the working years were less than 10 years.@*Conclusion@#Occupational diseases in a district of Beijing are mainly pneumoconiosis, mainly in small collective enterprises, mostly historical issues, the number of reports of occupational ENT and oral disease and occupational infectious diseases are increasing, it is important to strengthen supervision and protect the health of workers.

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