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Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 5-10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995587


Objective:To analyze the consistency of clinical imaging and clinicopathological finds of retinoblastoma (RB) optic nerve invasion.Methods:A retrospective case study. Fifteen children with 15 eyes who were diagnosed with RB and underwent enucleation at the Eye Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital from November 2017 to January 2022 were included in the study. Among them, there were 9 males with 9 eyes and 6 females with 6 eyes. The mean age was 1.75±1.61 years. All affected eyes were designated International Classification of Retinoblastoma group E. There were 7 cases with secondary neovascularization glaucoma, 2 cases with closed funnel-shaped detachment of the retina and tumor touching the posterior capsule of the crystal, and 6 cases with tumor touching the back surface of the crystal and posterior chamber of the 15 children. All children underwent CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Among them, CT examination was performed in 4 cases, MRI examination in 4 cases, and MRI and CT examination in 7 cases. All the children underwent eyeball enucleation, paraffin sections were taken from the eyeball, and sagittal section of the eyeball with optic nerve tissue was taken for pathological examination. Imaging diagnosis was based on optic nerve thickening and/or enhancement. The pathological diagnosis was based on the growth of RB tumor cells across the post-laminar of optic nerve. The pathological diagnosis was based on the growth of RB tumor cells across the sieve plate. The area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic ability of imaging examination. The sensitivity, PPV and 95% confidence interval ( CI) of imaging examination were obtained based on the confusion matrix. With pathology as the gold standard, intragroup correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to test the consistency of imaging and pathology. Results:All the 15 cases were diagnosed with RB by pathological examination. Of the 15 cases, 7 cases were diagnosed with RB optic nerve invasion by imaging and 8 cases without nerve invasion; 12 cases of RB optic nerve invasion were diagnosed by pathology after operation. Three cases without nerve invasion. Among them, 4 cases had identical imaging and pathological findings. The sensitivity and PPV of MRI and CT were 0.33 (95% CI 0.11-0.64) and 0.57 (95% CI 0.20-0.88), respectively. The value of AUC (the area under the curve) in the ROC curve of MRI and CT were 0.51 (95% CI 0.24-0.77) and 0.52 (95% CI 0.25-0.78), respectively. The AUC values of both were 0.5-0.7, indicating low diagnostic accuracy. ICC test evaluated the consistency of MRI and CT with pathological examination, 0.61 (95% CI 0.97-0.87) and 0.63 (95% CI 0.12-0.88) for MRI and CT, respectively. Therefore, the consistency of MRI, CT and pathology was moderate. Conclusion:Compared with the pathological findings, the sensitivity and accuracy of MRI and CT in the diagnosis of RB optic nerve post-laminar invasion are lower, and the consistency between MRI and CT with pathology is only moderate.

Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 344-347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885883


Objective:To explore the clinical treatment of retinoblastoma (RB) after being treated with vitrectomy (PPV) due to misdiagnosis.Methods:A retrospective case study. From July 2015 to July 2018, 5 cases and 5 eyes of RB children diagnosed by pathological examination at the Eye Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital were included in the study. Among them, there were 3 males with 3 eyes and 2 females with 2 eyes; all of them had monocular disease. The average age was 4.8±1.7 years old. At the first visit, the diagnosis was endophthalmitis in 2 eyes (40%, 2/5); vitreous hemorrhage in 3 eyes (60%, 3/5). All were treated with PPV. All children underwent slit lamp microscopy, orbital MRI and CT, and eye color Doppler ultrasound blood flow imaging. If there was no clear extraocular spread, the eyeball removal combined with artificial orbital implantation was performed; if there was clear extraocular spread, the modified orbital content enucleation operation was performed with part of the eyelid preserved. The average follow-up time after surgery was 34.6±7.9 months.Results:Among the 5 eyes, 2 eyes (40%, 2/5) underwent eyeball enucleation combined with stage I artificial orbital implantation, and 3 eyes (60%, 3/5) with modified orbital content enucleation. There were 2 eyes of endogenous type (40%, 2/5), 1 eye of diffuse infiltration type (20%, 1/5), and 2 eyes of mixed type (40%, 2/5). The orbit spread in 3 eyes, the tumor invaded the optic nerve in 1 eye, and regional lymph node metastasis in 2 eyes. All children received systemic chemical therapy (chemotherapy). During the follow-up period, there were no new metastatic diseases and no deaths.Conclusions:After RB misdiagnosis and PPV, surgical treatment should be performed as soon as possible. If there is no clear extraocular spread, eyeball removal or combined stage I orbital implantation should be performed. If there is clear extraocular spread, the orbital contents should be enucleated; Chemotherapy should be combined after surgery.

Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 331-333, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636594


Background Previous retinal vascular mounting only obtained part of retinal vessels for the study of retinal diseases,and thus it is difficult to comprehensively assess these diseases.So optimizing the trypsin digestion method to show the complete retinal capillary network is very important for the study of retinal diseases.Objective This study was to modify the preparing way of trypsin digested whole retinal capillary network and offer a basis for a quantitative analysis of cells and capillaries.Methods Thirty Wistar rats were divided into model group (20 rats) and control group (10 rats).Streptozotocinum(STZ) of 1.25% dissolved in 0.05 mmol/L sodium citratehydrochloric acid buffer was intraperitoneally injected to establish diabetes models in the model group,and the equal volume of solvent was used in the same way in the control group.Eight months after injection,100 ml PBS was injected via ventriculus sinister and released via cut right atrium,and then 100 ml 4% paraformaldehyde was injected into the ventriculus sinister.The rat retinas containing part of the optic nerve were entirely isolated,and digested by trypsin,and vitreous,inner limiting membrane and neural retinal tissue were removed.The whole retinal capillaries network was mounted on the slide.The ghost pericytes and acellular capillaries in the middle retinal area were identified and counted under the optical microscope.Results The retinal mount exhibited that the retinal vessels were stained by hematoxylin and periodic acid schiff.The vessels network presented with the entire type in shape with the radical central retinal arteries and veins and their branches.The capillary showed the shallow-and deep-layer networks between the small arteries and veins.Pericytes distributed and protruded vessel wall and formed the ghost cells without nuclei.The diameter of acellular capillaries was 20% or more than that of near capillaries,and no cellular nuclei or ghost cell was found through the vessel.Conclusions The experimental technique for setting-up of cleaned vasculature and mounting vessels on glass microscopic slide provides intact vessels,which is helpful for the evaluation of retinal vascular morphology and quantitative analysis.