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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 449-453, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805539

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis of interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS).@*Methods@#The clinical pathological features of 7 IDCS were analyzed. Among them, the follow-up results of 6 cases were available.@*Results@#Among the 7 IDCS patients, 4 cases were male and 3 were female. The age of the patients ranged from 26 to 69 years.Three cases were originated from lymph nodes and 4 cases were originated from skin, stomach, adrenal gland and mesentery, respectively. Microscopically, the tumor cells presented as fascicular and storiform proliferation and infiltrated by lymphocytes. The tumor cells were short-spindle or ovoid, with indistinct border of cytoplasm. The immunohistochemistry results showed that tumor cells were S-100, Vim, CD68 and CD163 positive, and AE1/AE3, EMA, CD117, CD34, Desmin, SMA, CD1α, CD21, CD23, CD35, HMB45, Melan-A, MelanPan and ALK negative.The BRAF mutation and clonal rearrangement of T and B cells were not detected. Among the follow-up period of 7 IDCS patients, 3 occurred disease progressions.@*Conclusions@#IDCS is extremely rare with unique pathological features, and its lesion is not limited to the lymph node. The IDCS patients with extensive lesions may have worse prognose. The differential diagnosis of IDCS includes other histiocytic and dendritic cell neoplasms, malignant melanoma and soft tissue neoplasms.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 223-228, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804910

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the imaging appearance of CT and MRI in retroperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDL) based on pathological findings.@*Methods@#Twelve patients with retroperitoneal DDL (13 lesions) who were surgically and pathologically confirmed were retrospectively collected in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The correlation of CT and MRI features with histopathologic findings was analyzed.@*Results@#The CT and MRI images of retroperitoneal DDLs were large, heterogeneous soft-tissue masses, mostly lobulated (30.8%, 4/13) or multinodular (46.2%, 6/13), invading adjacent anatomic structures (46.2%, 6/13). The lesions contained different proportions of fatty and non-fatty components, and usually with clear boundaries. The CT images of dedifferentiated components showed non-fatty masses of soft tissue density or mixed density, among which ground-glass nodules may be related to mucinous components. Occasionally calcification or ossification was seen (45.5%, 5/11). The contrast-enhanced CT and MRI images of non-fatty components commonly showed intense heterogeneous enhancement (84.6%, 11/13), central cystic changes and necrosis (61.5%, 8/13), pathologically corresponding to multiple types of soft tissue sarcomas without significant specificity. The well-differentiated components were fatty masses with irregular fibrous septa or soft tissue nodules, which is pathologically corresponding to well differentiated liposarcoma. Lymph node or distant metastasis was rare.@*Conclusions@#The imaging manifestations of retroperitoneal DDLs are diverse and closely related to the proportion and distribution of different components. CT, MRI and contrast-enhanced imaging has a certain diagnostic value for retroperitoneal DDLs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 216-219, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808391

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of biweekly paclitaxel and platinum chemotherapy followed by surgery for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of 20 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma treated in our hospital between January 2012 and March 2016. All patients received biweekly paclitaxel and platinum chemotherapy followed by surgery.@*Results@#20 cases received preoperative chemotherapy for 3-8 cycles with an average of 4 cycles. The main chemotherapy-related adverse events were bone marrow suppression (18/20, 90.0%), followed by vomiting and nausea (10/20, 50.0%). Five patients (25.0%) had grade 4 neutropenia and all toxicities were torlerable and manageable. After chemotherapy, all patients received surgery. The histological responses in the primary tumors were grade 1 in 13 (65.0%) patients, grade 2 in 7 (35.0%) patients, and grade 3 in 0 (0%) patient. None had disease progression. Downstaging of T-stage was observed in 5 cases (25.0%) after chemotherapy. Among them, 4 cases were with moderate histologicl responses and one case with mild histological response. The incidence of postoperative complications was 25.0%(5/20), and the complications were improved following symptomatic treatments. There was no treatment-related death.@*Conclusions@#Biweekly paclitaxel and platinum chemotherapy followed by surgery for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is safe and effective. Further randomized clinical trial should be conducted to assess the value of this therapeutic regimen in the preoperative chemotherapy for esophageal cancer.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 195-198, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430696

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the advantage of stepwise therapy of dehydration drugs on aged people with cerebral contusion for reduce the incidence of delayed traumatic intracranial hematoma and improve neurological function.Methods One hundred and twenty standard patients were divided into stepwise therapy group(n =60,group A) and regular therapy group(n =60,group B) by randomly.In group A,according to the developing regularity of cerebral edema,we use less dehydration drugs on early stage,and increase the dose step by step with the disease developed.In group B,we use dehydration drugs regularly,then compare the incidence rate of delayed traumatic intracranial hematoma and the cure rate of the disease between this two groups.Results The incidence of delayed traumatic intracranial hematoma was 8% (5/60) in A group,and 30% (18/60) in B group.Compared with B group,the stepwise therapy of dehydration drugs on cerebral contusion can reduce the incidence of delayed traumatic intracranial hematoma obviously,there was significant difference between two groups(x2 =6.21,P <0.05) ;The recovering rate was 70% (42/60) in B group,and 30% (28/60) in B group,there was significant difference between two groups (x2 =6.72,P < 0.05).Conclusion The treatment of stepwise therapy is more reasonable on aged people with cerebral contusion,the incidence of delayed traumatic intracranial hematoma can be reduced obviously compared with regular therapy of dehydration drugs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435535

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:High-dose antibiotics for bone infection have many adverse reactions, and its outcomes are not perfect. Thus, to explore a degradable material as a vector to prevent bone infection is valuable. OBJECTIVE:To study drug release characteristics of gatifloxa-poly sebacic anhydride local control ed release system in vivo. METHODS:A 3 mm × 6 mm bone window was made at right knee joint of New Zealand rabbits. The gatifloxacin-poly sebacic anhydride sustained release preparation was implanted. Heart blood, bone tissue and myeloid tissue specimens were obtained at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 25 and 30 days after surgery. High-performance liquid chromatography was utilized to determine gatifloxacin concentration. Scanning electron microscope was employed to observe the structural changes before and after implantation of gatifloxacin-poly sebacic anhydride sustained release preparation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After implantation of gatifloxacin-poly sebacic anhydride sustained release preparation, drug concentration gradual y decreased in the myeloid tissue, peaked at 1 day, stabilized at 3-15 days, gradual y reduced at 15-30 days. However, the drug concentration was stil higher than the minimal inhibitory concentration 0.1 mg/L against Staphylococcus aureus at 30 days. The peak of drug concentration in the bone tissue occurred at 3 days, and stabilized at other days, which was higher than 0.1 mg/L. At the same time point, drug concentration in the blood specimen was lower than that in the myeloid tissue and bone tissue. The degradation of gatifloxacin-poly sebacic anhydride sustained release preparation was surface erosion, and the shape of the degradation residue is smal globular. The change of the internal structure of gatifloxacin-poly sebacic anhydride sustained release preparation was not found. In the drug release procedure, gatifloxacin-poly sebacic anhydride sustained release preparation did not show disintegration or fragmentation. These results indicated that gatifloxacin-poly sebacic anhydride local sustained release preparation has good abilities of drug load and drug release.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396843

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemistric features of different types of primary cutaneous lymphomas.Methods 17 cases of primary cutaneous lymphomas were ret-rospectively reviewed.All cases were classified according to the WHO-EORTC(World Health Organization-Eu-ropean Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer) classification system combined with morphology and immunobistochemistry.The clinicopathological features of each type were observed and summarized.Results Among the 17 cases, male were 10, female were 7.The average age was 51 years old (from 16 to 78).All pa-tients visited the doctor for skin diseases 14 cases were T-cell lymphoma including 5 cases of primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphuma, 2 cases of mycosis fungoides, 4 cases of subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma, and 3 cases of primary cutaneous peripheral T- cell lymphomas (including 1 primary cutaneous ag-gressive epidermotropic CD8+ cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma).3 cases were B-cell lymphoma including 2 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg-type and 1 primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma.Conclusion The clinical behaviors and pathological characteristics of primary cutaneous lymphomas were complicated and variant.Nei-ther of them could be neglected in the diagnosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381454

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the endoscopic and pathologic characteristics and etiological ex-amination of viral esophagitis. Methods The data of 16 patients with viral esophagitis, including endoscop-ic, pathological and immunohistochemical findings were retrospectively studied. Results Endoscopic find-ings of viral esophagitis were characterized by single or multiple round and oval ulcers, located at the upper and middle esophagus. The surface of the ulcer was clean, and the boundary was distinct. Pathologic findings included degeneration and necrosis in squamons epithelium, accompanied by ulcer, infiltration of neutrophils and lymphocytes, hyperplasia of capillaries and basal cells and formation of granulation tissues, Immunocyto-chemical examination showed HSV-1 was positive in biopses, while CMV, EBV, HHV8 were negetive. Con-dusion Viral esophagtitis exhibited distinctive endosoopic and pathological features, and etiology can be confirmed by immunohistochemical examinations.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401647

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of squamous cell carcinoma antigen(SCCAg)in patients with recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix.Methods Totally 72 patients with recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix treated at the Cancer Hospital,Peking Union Medical College,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,between 1999 and 2005 were retrospectively analyzed to investigate the impact of SCCAg on diagnosis and prognosis by univariate and multivariate analysis.Results This study included 30 patients with recurrent disease after primary radical surgery and 42 patients with recurrent cervical cancer after radio-chemotherapy.Sixty one patients(85%)had serum SCCAg elevated (≥1.5 pg/L),and 20 of these(28%)had an increase of SCCAg before clinical manifestation of relapse.The median leading time was 3 months(range:1-13 months).Forty five patients had no symptoms with only SCCAg elevation,and 15 patients experienced leg edema and(or)sciatic pain,7 patients suffered from irregular bleeding and 5 patients had symptoms resulting from distant metastasis.Thirty three patients were diagnosed by histology biopsy and (or) cytology,39 patients were diagnosed with SCCAg elevation and clinical and radiological examinations,29 of these patients were diagnosed only by SCCAg elevation and CT or MRI.Fourteen patients recurred limited to the cervix or to the cervix and adjacent tissues(central recurrence),31 cases recurred at pelvis,and 20 patients with distant metastasis and 7 patients suffered from Pelvic recurrence and distant metastasis.Twenty three cases received salvage therapy including surgery for patients recurring after definitive radiotherapy and radiotherapy and or conform radiotherapy for patients after primary radical surgery,46 patients were given palliative chemotherapy and or radiotherapy,and 3 patients refused any treatment.The median and mean survival time were 11 months and 23 months respectively(2-62 months).The 3-year,5-year overall survival rate were 25%and 19%respectively.Univariate analysis showed SCCAg elevation before primary treatment,grade,recurrent site,treatment method,SCCAg≥10pg/L,SCCAg elevation during treatment,and SCCAg not within normal after treatment were correlated with 3-year survival rate.Twenty patients had an increase of SCCAg before clinical manifestation of relapse compared with other patients who did not,and the 3-year survival rate was not significantly different (22% vs 27%). Multivariate analysis revealed that only grade and treatment methods were independent risk factors. Conclusion The impact of the SCCAg in recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix needs further study.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401626

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe into the advantages and disadvantages of intravenous chemotherapy and intraperitoneal chemotherapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer.Methods All of the 226 patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer were treated by maximum cytoreductive surgery or non-effective cytoreductive surgery and received 6-8 courses of postoperative regular chemotherapy(chemotherapy regimens,TP:taxol and cis-platinum or carboplatinum;PC:cis-platinum and cyclophosphamide;PAC:cis platinum and adriamycin and cyclophosphamide)during Jan 1998-Jan 2006.We systematically compared the characteristics of patients in intraperitoneal chemotherapy(IPC)group and intravenous chemotherapy(IVC)group.We measured the incidence rate of the response,side-effects,the recurrence time of intraperitoneal tumor and survival time of the two groups respectively.ResultsFor the first phase after operation(three courses of treatment),the response rate of two groups were 75.8%and 52.8%respectively.For the response rate of IPC was higher than that of IVC(P<0.01).The second phase after operation(all courses finished),the response rate of two groups were 93.9%and 87.7%,respectively(P>0.05).After maximum cytoreductive surgery,the recurrence rate of IPC and IVC were 47.0%and 59.4%,respectively(P>0.05).After non-effective cytoreductive surgery of IPC and IVC groups,the recurrence rates were 84.8%and 86.2%,respectively(P>0.05).The recurrence time of intraperitoneal tumor of IPC and IVC groups were 24 and 18 months,respectively(P=0.001).The overall survival time ofgroups IPC and IVC were 32 and 30 months(P=0.188).There were some differences in the side-effect between IPC and IVC.The rates of chemotherapeutic phlebitis of IPC and IVC were 34.0%and 10.8% respectively(P<0.01).The rates of serious gastrointestinal reaction of IPC and IVC were 33.8%and 25.8%,respectively(P=0.236).There was no significant difference in bone marrow depression,intestinal adhesion and intestinal obstruction.ConclusionsIPC can extend the disease progression free survival than IVC,without increasing overall survival period.IPC can also reduce the side-effect of chemotherapeutic phlebitis.However,IPC is used limitedly,and can not substitute for IVC.Combination of IPC with IVC may enhance their effectiveness and reduce the side-effects.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-519631

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the clinical feature, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of hepatic angiomyolipoma.Methods The clinical materials of eight surgically treated patients with hepatic AML were retrospectively analyzed.ResultsThere were five females and three males, with age ranging from 25 to 59 years (mean 39 6 years). Tumors were located in the right lobe of the liver in 5 cases, and in the left lobe in 3 cases. Ultrasonography and computed tomography were performed in all cases. Magnetic resonance imaging and angiography were done in two each cases. The myoid cells in all tumors showed over expression of HMB 45. One patient died of postoperative heart failure, seven were followed up for 9 mos to 12 years without tumor recurrence. Conclusions Comprehensive imaging features can reveal the characteristic components of hepatic angiomyolipoma. HMB 45 immunostaining can be used to confirm the diagnosis. Surgical resection is an effective treatment of hepatic AML.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-516849

ABSTRACT

AIM:To asses the presence and clinical significance of metallothionein,(MT) in primary invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. METHOD: 96 cases of routinely fixed and paraffin-embedded primary breast carcinomas were investigated with the labelled avidin biotin immunohistochemical method. RESULTS: The positive staining for MT observed was 52.1% (50/96). In most cases both nuclear and cytoplasmic staining was seen. A statistically association was found between MT positive staining and nuclear grade( P

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