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1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 113-126, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971666

ABSTRACT

Marsdenia tenacissima injection, a standard Marsdenia tenacissima extract (MTE), has been approved as an adjuvant therapeutic agent for various cancers. Our previous study showed that MTE inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of prostate cancer (PCa) cells. However, the underlying mechanisms and active ingredients of MTE against PCa were not completely understood. This study revealed that MTE induced significant decreases in cell viability and clonal growth in PCa cells. In addition, MTE induced the apoptosis of DU145 cells by reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential and increasing the expression of Cleaved Caspase 3/7, Cyt c, and Bax. In vivo, DU145 xenografted NOD-SCID mice treated with MTE showed significantly decreased tumor size. TUNEL staining and Western blot confirmed the pro-apoptotic effects of MTE. Network pharmacology analysis collected 196 ingredients of MTE linked to 655 potential targets, and 709 PCa-associated targets were retrieved, from which 149 overlapped targets were screened out. Pathway enrichment analysis showed that the HIF-1, PI3K-AKT, and ErbB signaling pathways were closely related to tumor apoptosis. Western blot results confirmed that MTE increased the expression of p-AKTSer473 and p-GSK3βSer9, and decreased the expression of p-STAT3Tyr705in vitro and in vivo. A total of 13 compounds in MTE were identified by HPLC-CAD-QTOF-MS/MS and UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS. Molecular docking analysis indicated that six compounds may interact with AKT, GSK3β, and STAT3. In conclusion, MTE induces the endogenous mitochondrial apoptosis of PCa by regulating the AKT/GSK3β/STAT3 signaling axis, resulting in inhibition of PCa growth in vitro and in vivo.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Male , Humans , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Marsdenia , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Prostatic Neoplasms , Apoptosis , STAT3 Transcription Factor
2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 113-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953767

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the surgical strategy of reoperative aortic root replacement after prior aortic valve replacement (AVR), and analyze the early and mid-term outcomes. Methods    From April 2013 to January 2020, 75 patients with prior AVR underwent reoperative aortic root replacement in Fuwai Hospital. There were 54 males and 21 females with a mean age of 56.4±12.7 years. An emergent operation was performed in 14 patients and an elective operation in 61 patients. The indications were aortic root aneurysm in 38 patients, aortic dissection involving aortic root in 30 patients, root false aneurysm in 2 patients, prosthesis valve endocarditis with root abscess in 2 patients, and Behçet's disease with root destruction in 3 patients. The survival and freedom from aortic events during the follow-up were evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test. Results    The operative procedures included prosthesis-sparing root replacement in 45 patients, Bentall procedure in 26 patients, and Cabrol procedure in 4 patients. Operative mortality was 1.3% (1/75). A composite of adverse events occurred in 5 patients, including operative death (n=1), stroke (n=1), and acute renal injury necessitating hemodialysis (n=3). The follow-up was available for all 74 survivors, with the mean follow-up time of 0.5-92.0 (30.3±25.0) months. Four late deaths occurred during the follow-up. The survival rate at 1 year, 3 years and 6 years was 97.2%, 91.4% and 84.4%, respectively. Aortic events developed in 2 patients. The rate of freedom from aortic events at 1 year, 3 years, and 6 years was 98.7%, 95.0% and 87.7%, respectively. There was no difference in rate of survival or freedom from aortic events between the elective patients and the emergent patients. Conclusion    Reoperative aortic root replacement after prior AVR can be performed to treat the root pathologies after AVR, with acceptable early and mid-term outcomes.

3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 370-374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990045

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of infant dyschezia in Xi′an city based on the Rome Ⅳ Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in Infants/Toddlers, and to analyze the related risk factors so as to provide epidemiological basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:It was a cross-sectional survey conducted in the child health department of community health service center or hospital in Xi′an from October 2020 to October 2021 using the multi-stage cluster random sampling method.Infants aged 0-12 months were enrolled and their caregivers were interviewed by face-to-face electronic questionnaire.The prevalence and influencing factors of defecation difficulty in infants aged 0-9 months were analyzed according to the Rome Ⅳ Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in Infants/Toddlers.The prevalence of dyschezia in infants aged over 9 months was explored as well.The counting data were compared by Chi- square test.Univariable and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were performed to identify risk factors for dyschezia. Results:A total of 1 446 infants were collected, including 735 boys (50.8%) and 711 girls (49.2%), with an average age of (5.94±3.27) months.The prevalence of dyschezia aged 0-9 months in Xi′an was 3.46% (42/1 215), which gradually decreased with the increased age.Infants with dyschezia could defecate 2-3 times a day, or once a few days.Family history of defecation disorders ( OR=3.785, 95% CI: 1.912-7.494) was the risk factor for infant dyschezia, while complementary food ( OR=0.193, 95% CI: 0.075-0.495) was the protective factor for infant dyschezia ( P<0.05). Breastfeeding ( OR=8.126, 95% CI: 2.258-29.236) was the risk factor for dyschezia in infants who defecated less frequently ( P<0.05). Only 2 cases of 10-month-old infants had defecation-like symptoms, manifested as crying for a long time before defecation. Conclusions:The prevalence of dyschezia in infants aged 0-9 months in Xi′an is 3.46%.Dyschezia infants may also have a lower frequency of defecation.Timely addition of complementary food is beneficial to alleviate infant dyschezia, while infant who defecated less frequently are more likely to have dyschezia while breastfeeding.

4.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 266-271, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of adventitial inversion technique for root repair in patients with acute type A aortic dissection(ATAAD).Methods:Between 2015 and 2018, ATAAD patients with dissected root and underwent open surgery were included. The exclusion criteria were as follows: previous root intervention, traumatic dissection and patient underwent root replacement(Bentall or David procedure). 490 ATAAD patients were included, 366(74.69%) male and 124(25.31%) female, aged(51.28±10.99) years(range 24-77 years). The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed with ANOVA/ nonparametric test and Chi- square test. Follow-up mortality and reoperation were displayed with Kaplan- Meier curve. Results:All patients were technically divided into three groups: adventitial inversion(A), direct suture(B) and Cabrol-shunt(C). The mean age in group A was(53.05±11.09) years, whereas worse cardiac and renal function occurred in group C. The mean duration of HCA, CPB and ACC were shortest, with a highest average of minimum rectal temperature during surgical interval in group A. Postoperative complications and early mortality were similar among groups. There were no significant differences of mid-term mortality and reoperation among these three techniques. Though no late reintervention for aortic root was found in both group A and B, the root diameter was more stable in group A during follow-up period[(33.14±3.74)mm vs.(34.51±3.83)mm vs.(33.89±3.89)mm, P=0.008]. Conclusion:Adventitial inversion technique is safe and effective for root repair in patients with ATAAD, achieving satisfactory short- and mid-term effects.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 298-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Ginsenoside Re on the proliferation and protein secretion of primary cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) cultured in high glucose by vitro, and the regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.Methods:The myocardial fibroblast proliferation model induced by high glucose in vitro was used. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT method, cell cycle was measured by flow cytometry, concentration of type Ⅰ,Ⅲ collagens and TGF-β 1 protein were tested by ELISA assay. Protein expression of β-catenin, GSK-3β and p-GSK-3β were determined by Western blot. Results:Compared with the model group, the cell proliferation in Ginsenoside Re high, medium, low group were significantly decreased ( P<0.01), the percentage of cells in G 0 + G 1 phase was increased ( P<0.01), and the percentage of cells in S + G 2 + M phase was decreased ( P<0.01), the content of TGF-β 1 was significantly decreased( P<0.01). The content of type Ⅲ collagen [(6.566±1.620)ng/ml,(7.170±0.470)ng/ml vs. (11.241±2.234)ng/ml] in Ginsenoside Re high, medium group were significantly decreased ( P<0.01). The expression of β-catenin (0.281±0.016, 0.301±0.021 vs. 0.409±0.037) was significantly decreased and the expression of p-GSK-3β (0.369±0.049 vs. 0.268±0.048) in Ginsenoside Re high, medium group were significantly increased ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Ginsenoside Re plays an important role in inhibiting CFs proliferation and reducting the synthesis of collagen and TGF-β 1 by regulating abnormal expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. It has the potential to delay the myocardial fibrosis of diabetes mellitus.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 792-799, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of a preoperatively MRI-based deep learning (DL) radiomics machine learning model to distinguish low-grade and high-grade soft tissue sarcomas (STS).Methods:From November 2007 to May 2019, 151 patients with STS confirmed by pathology in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were enrolled as training sets, and 131 patients in the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University and the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University were enrolled as external validation sets. According to the French Federation Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer classification (FNCLCC) system, 161 patients with FNCLCC grades Ⅰ and Ⅱ were defined as low-grade and 121 patients with grade Ⅲ were defined as high-grade. The hand-crafted radiomic (HCR) and DL radiomic features of the lesions were extracted respectively. Based on HCR features, DL features, and HCR-DL combined features, respectively, three machine-learning models were established by decision tree, logistic regression, and support vector machine (SVM) classifiers. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the performance of each machine learning model and choose the best one. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to establish a clinical-imaging factors model based on demographics and MRI findings. The nomogram was established by combining the optimal radiomics model and the clinical-imaging model. The AUC was used to evaluate the performance of each model and the DeLong test was used for comparison of AUC between every two models. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve and log-rank test were used to evaluate the performance of the optimal machine learning model in the risk stratification of progression free survival (PFS) in STS patients.Results:The SVM radiomics model based on HCR-DL combined features had the optimal predicting power with AUC values of 0.931(95%CI 0.889-0.973) in the training set and 0.951 (95%CI 0.904-0.997) in the validation set. The AUC values of the clinical-imaging model were 0.795 (95%CI 0.724-0.867) and 0.615 (95%CI 0.510-0.720), and of the nomogram was 0.875 (95%CI 0.818-0.932) and 0.786 (95%CI 0.701-0.872) in the training and validation sets, respectively. In validation set, the performance of SVM radiomics model was better than those of the nomogram and clinical-imaging models ( Z=3.16, 6.07; P=0.002,<0.001). Using the optimal radiomics model, there was statistically significant in PFS between the high and low risk groups of STS patients (training sets: χ2=43.50, P<0.001; validation sets: χ2=70.50, P<0.001). Conclusion:Preoperative MRI-based DL radiomics machine learning model has accurate prediction performance in differentiating the histopathological grading of STS. The SVM radiomics model based on HCR-DL combined features has the optimal predicting power and was expected to undergo risk stratification of prognosis in STS patients.

7.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 535-542, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953561

ABSTRACT

Objective: Ban Fenghe recorded in the Quality Standard of Yao Medicine of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Volume 1) is derived from the dried stems and leaves of Semiliquidambar cathayensis. It is usually confused with medicinal herbs from Pterospermum heterophyllum and Dendropanax dentiger. However, they are very different in chemical composition, and should not be used as the same drug. To ensure their safety and efficacy, a method based on macroscopic and microscopic characteristics was developed to distinguish them. Methods: A total of 14 batches of Ban Fenghe samples from three species were collected from different producing areas in China. The macroscopic characteristics were examined by observing external traits. The tissue structures of transverse sections of stems and leaves, the leaf epidermis, and the powder were observed microscopically. Results: The branchlets and leaf surfaces of S. cathayensis and P. heterophyllum were hairy, especially the lower leaf surfaces of P. heterophyllum were densely covered with hairs, but those of D. dentiger were hairless. The pericyclic fibers of S. cathayensis stems were intermittently distributed in a circular shape and accompanied by stone cells, whereas those of P. heterophyllum and D. dentiger were bundled without stone cells. So stone cells and hairs were present in S. cathayensis powder, stone cells were not found in P. heterophyllum and D. dentiger powder, and hairs were not present in D. dentiger powder. The distribution sites, sizes and types of secretory tissues of these three species were also different in transverse sections of stems and leaves. Stomata on the lower epidermis of S. cathayensis leaves were paracytic, whereas those of P. heterophyllum and D. dentiger were anomocytic. Conclusion: Ban Fenghe drugs derived from S. cathayensis could readily be distinguished from those of P. heterophyllum and D. dentiger by macroscopic and microscopic features.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 857-862, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996007

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the current situation of comprehensive medical and health services of primary medical institutions in a city under the policy of family doctor contracted service, and explore the influencing factors and put forward improvement strategies, for the reference to improve the medical and health service level of primary medical institutions.Methods:In January 2021, 18 primary medical institutions in 3 counties(cities, districts) of a city in Shandong province were selected by stratified sampling method, and 60-70 contracted residents were selected from each institution for questionnaire survey. The questionnaire covered two dimensions: service provision(19 items) and metion frequency of health problems(12 items). According to the principle of information saturation, qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 family doctors and 15 contracted residents to identify the current service needs and existing problems. Descriptive analysis was used for all data, and single factor analysis of variance and multiple linear regression analysis were used for influencing factors of comprehensive service scores of primary medical institutions.Results:1 098 contracted residents were included in this study, and the comprehensive service score was 3.15±0.42. The vaccination, maternal health care and health education scored higher with 3.80±0.54, 3.70±0.64, 3.78±0.57 respectively; The dermatology, mental health counseling and family sickbed scored lower, with 2.27±1.20, 2.97±1.01 and 1.92±1.18 respectively. Contracted institution, gender, age and marital status were the influencing factors of comprehensive service scores( P<0.05). Residents′ needs for family sickbeds, psychological counseling and fall prevention had not been met. Conclusions:The primary medical institutions of the city had provided better basic public health services, while unmet needs were demand for home sickbeds, psychological counseling and fall prevention. We should take effective measures to increase the service supply based on the needs of residents, and provide more comprehensive medical and health services for residents at primary medical institutions.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 721-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995512

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-term outcomes of aortic root repair using a pericardial autograft for acute type A aortic dissection.Methods:Between January 2020 and August 2021, 12 patients underwent aortic root repair using a pericardial autograft for type A aortic dissection. There were 8 males and 4 females, aged from 32.0 to 71.0 years, with a mean of (49.1±13.0) years, weight from 40.0 to 100.0 with a mean of (78.6±20.5) kg. Short-term outcomes were assessed by cardiopulmonary bypass time, cross-clamp time, circulatory arrest time, mechanical ventilation time, ICU time, postoperative stay time. The diameter of Valsalva sinus and aortic regurgitation were assessed before, after operation and during follow-up.Results:There were no postoperative and follow-up death. Cardiopulmonary bypass time was(256.4±60.6)min, ranging from 182.0 to 243.0 minutes; cross-clamp time was(195.0±52.5)minutes, ranging from 127.0 to 284.0 minutes; circulatory arrest time was(19.9±3.6)min, ranging from 15.0 to 25.0 min; mechanical ventilation time was (69.1±72.1)hours, ranging from 6.4 to 250.3 h; ICU time was (143.6±81.7) h, ranging from 56.9 to 288.0 h; postoperative stay time was (12.8±4.1) days, ranging from 8.0 to 20.0 days. One patient had transient paralysis (8.3%), and one patient needed hemofiltration due to acute kidney failure (8.3%), they all completely recovered before discharge. Follow-up time ranged from 10.0 to 21.0 months, with a median of 13 months. Heart function (NYHA) was I to II degrees. The mean diameter of aortic root was (36.7±5.8)mm(27.0-45.0 mm) preoperatively, (35.8±5.1)mm (25.0-44.8 mm) before discharge, and (35.7±5.9)mm (25.1-44.8 mm) during follow-up, respectively. There was no significant difference between them ( P>0.05). The preoperative aortic regurgitation was as follow: severe aortic regurgitation 2, moderate 1, mild to moderate 3, mild 1, trivial 1, none 4; postoperative aortic regurgitation: mild 2, trivial 2, none 8; follow-up aortic regurgitation: mild 3, trivial 1, none 8. Conclusion:Aortic root repair with a pericardial autograft is a safe and effective technique to treat acute type A dissection involving the sinus. Using this technique, residual dissection tissues could be significantly reduced, which subsequently decreases the risk of proximal bleeding, maintains the function of sinus, and increases long-term durability. Short-term results are satisfactory, and the long-term results need further follow-up.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 766-771, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate and analyze the patient experience of residents contracted with primary medical institutions, for providing a basis for improving quality of contracted family doctor services.Methods:Using the Chinese version of the primary care assessment tools(PCAT), a household survey was conducted on 1 400 contracted residents in 9 community health service centers and 9 township health centers in a city from May to June 2020, and their medical experience in primary medical institutions was statistically analyzed. At the same time, interviews were conducted with institutional managers and family doctors. Descriptive statistics and one-way ANOVA were used for data analysis.Results:1 333 valid questionnaires were collected, and the effective recovery rate was 95.2%.The total PCAT scoring was 25.17. Seven dimensions of first contact, continuous, coordination, comprehensiveness, patient and family centered, community-oriented and cultural competence scored in average 3.57, 3.68, 3.54, 3.40, 3.72, 3.67 and 3.59 respectively.372 people(47.1%) had not been referred by the contracted institution before going to the superior hospital or specialized hospital. There were significant differences in the scores of four core dimensions in different types of institutions, age, education level, occupation and income( P<0.001). Conclusions:Given the initial progress of contracted family doctor services in the city, there is still room for improvement. It is suggested to further improve the comprehensiveness, coordinationand accessibility of services, and promote the high-quality development of contracted family doctor services.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 89-93, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the grid management strategy of medical alliances in Rizhao city, Shandong province, and to provide references for improvement of this policy.Methods:In August 2020, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 31 managers of three medical alliances in Rizhao city, regarding the objectives, specific measures, problems and influencing factors of the grid layout of the medical alliances. The grounded theory was used to sort out the interview data, along with the Mazmanian-Sabatier model for further analysis.Results:The analysis resulted in 8 main categories and 19 sub-categories, including theoretical and technical support, target group characteristics, policy causality theory, current status of policy directives, inter-agency relations, socioeconomic conditions and technology, public attitudes, and media campaigns. On this basis, a theoretical framework for the implementation of the grid layout of medical alliance was formed based on the Mazmanian-Sabatier model.Conclusions:The socio-economic conditions and technologies for implementing the grid-based management of medical alliances in Rizhao city were relatively mature, enjoying strong public support and good social response. But on the other hand, there were still such problems as unclear policies, imperfect mechanisms for synergy of interests among different subjects, and incomplete supporting policies. In the future, it is expected to form a policy implementation synergy, introduce supporting policies and strengthen primary teams building, in order to ensure the orderly promotion and long-term implementation of the policy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 550-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-term outcomes of cuff wrapping technique using remnant aortic wall in modified Bentall procedure.Methods:Between January 2018 and December 2018, 23 patients underwent modified Bentall procedure with the remnant aortic wall as a cuff to cover the sewing area of composite valved graft and the aortic annulus for proximal hemostasis. After the sewing ring of the composite valved graft was sutured to the aortic annulus by continuous suture, the remnant aortic wall was sutured to the graft just distal to the sewing ring by continuous suture. There were 21 males and 2 females, aged from 22 to 72 with a mean of(50.96±13.23)years. Short-term outcomes were assessed by cardiopulmonary bypass time, clamp aorta time, mechanical ventilation time, ICU time, postoperative stay time, effusion drainage till the first postoperative day, Left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), and follow-up results.Results:There were no postoperative and follow-up death. Cardiopulmonary bypass time was(157.74±39.85)min, ranged from 114 to 275 min; clamp aorta time(122.61±30.25)min, ranged from 84 to 212 min; mechanical ventilation time(11.65±3.08)h, ranged from 7.87 to 20.33 h; ICU time(81.43±45.88) h, ranged from 15.18 to 184.77 h; postoperative stay time(8.73±2.80)days, ranged from 6 to 15 days. Effusion drainage was(336.82±117.65)ml, ranged from 200 to 670 ml till the first postoperative day. Follow-up was performed from 19 to 30 months, with a mean of(23.17±3.17)months. There were significant differences between preoperative LVEDD and postoperative LVEDD before discharge[(49.78±6.21)mm vs.(58.78±10.54)mm, P<0.05]; There were a little decrease of follow-up LVEDD compared with postoperative LVEDD, but no significant difference between them[(48.87±4.63)mm vs.(49.78±6.21)mm, P>0.05] . There were a little decrease of postoperative LVEF compared with preoperative LVEF, but no significant difference between them(0.57±0.07 vs. 0.59±0.05, P>0.05). There were significant differences between follow-up LVEF and preoperative LVEF(0.62±0.04 vs. 0.57±0.07, P<0.05), postoperative LVEF before discharge( P<0.05). Conclusion:Cuff wrapping technique using remnant aortic wall in modified Bentall procedure has got good short-term results. This modification may be a simple, effective way in controlling proximal bleeding.

13.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 422-426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the mid-term result of two different valve-sparing root replacement techniques in acute type A aortic dissection: including reimplantation and remodeling.Methods:From March 2009 to December 2019, 41 patients with acute type A dissection and root involvement, who underwent a valve-sparing root replacement using reimplantation(36 cases) or remodeling(5 cases) were retrospectively analyzed in current study. The average age was(44.63±11.34) years old, 36 males. The differences of perioperative variables, postoperative aortic insufficiency and postoperative survival were compared between the two groups.Results:Thirty-day mortality for two groups was 2.8% and 20%( P=0.23). Remodeling group was significantly inferior to reimplantation group in terms of blood consumption(red blood cells, plasma and platelets), postoperative mechanical ventilation time, reoperation for bleeding and hemofiltration for acute renal failure. The median follow-up time of 39 discharged survivors was 34.56(3-121) months, and the follow-up rate was 100%. There was no follow-up death, no bleeding or embolism events, and no cardiovascular reoperation. Grade 2 or sever aortic regurgitation in remodeling group was significantly higher than that in reimplantation group( P=0.02). A Cox regression analysis identified that the remodeling technique was the independent risk factors of postoperative aortic regurgitation. Conclusion:Compared with remodeling technique, reimplantation technique has better perioperative and mid-term results in patients with acute type A aortic dissection. The rate of reoperation for bleeding, the blood consumption and the postoperative aortic regurgitation are significantly reduced. The long-term results need further follow-up.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1441-1446, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906589

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and durability of aortic sinoplasty in repairing aortic roots of patients with acute type A aortic dissection. Methods    From January 2014 to July 2017, 43 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection underwent aortic sinoplasty to repair aortic root in our institution, including 34 males and 9 females, aged 32-65 (50.1±8.1) years. The perioperative and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed, and statistical analysis on the preoperative, postoperative and follow-up ultrasound indicators was performed. Results    Thirty-day mortality was 4.7%. Preoperative aortic regurgitation was corrected and false lumen was eliminated immediately after operation in all patients. There was no late death, or aortic root or valve re-intervention and two patients were lost during a follow-up of 18-45 (27.9±6.7) months. There was no residual dissection found. No patients had significant dilation of aortic root. No statistically significant difference was found when comparing the maximum of root diameter and aortic regurgitation grade between at discharge and follow-up. Conclusion    Aortic sinoplasty for aortic root repair in acute type A aortic dissection is a simple and reliable technique and demonstrates excellent early outcomes.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 763-766, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy in children with uncomplicated appendicitis.Methods:This study was a single center, retrospective study, including all electronic cases of appendicitis diagnosed clinically in Department of Pediatrics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from October 2018 to October 2020 and received ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy.The clinical features, treatment and prognosis of the children were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 152 electronic cases were included, there were 77 males and 75 females, aged(6.84±3.09) years.All the 152 children were treated with ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy.Intubation success rate and clinical success rate was 98.03%(149/152 cases)and 97.99%(146/149 cases), respectively.The median time of endoscopic therapy was 42.50 (31.00, 56.00) minutes.Mean postoperative hospital stay was (2.81 ±1.41) days, and the mean total hospital stay was (4.19 ±1.71) days.A total of 139 patients were followed up with a median follow-up time of 5 (1, 26) months.During the follow-up, the recurrence rate was 7.19%(10/139 cases), and the median time of recurrence was 2 (1, 3) months.Conclusions:Ultrasound-guided endoscopic retrograde appendicitis therapy had high effective rate and low recurrence rate in children with uncomplicated appendicitis, preserved the physiological function of appendix and avoided radiation damage.It can be used as a safe and effective treatment for acute and chronic uncomplicated appendicitis in children.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 998-1002, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the CT features of benign and malignant thymus diseases in order to improve the diagnostic accuracy of thymus diseases in children.Methods:The clinical data and imaging data of children with thymic diseases who underwent CT examination in children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from August 2014 to may 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 18 females with an average age of (6±4) years (range 5 days to 14.2 years). According to the clinical diagnosis and/or pathological results, all children were divided into benign group (22 cases) and malignant group (28 cases). The clinical manifestations and CT signs (thymus volume, shape, border, density, internal characteristics, relationship with surrounding structures, enhancement pattern and extent) of benign group and malignant group were summarized and compared.Results:The clinical manifestations of benign group and malignant group were varied, and fever was the most common sign. In the benign group, 8 cases showed thymus deficiency, all of them were diagnosed as primary immunodeficiency disease, and the clinical manifestations were repeated and persistent respiratory tract infection history. In 28 cases of malignant group, 20 cases had peripheral invasion and distant metastasis, including 7 cases of lymph node, 6 cases of pleura, 6 cases of lung, 2 cases of pericardium, 2 cases of liver, 2 cases of spleen, 2 cases of kidney and 1 case of bone. All 6 cases of pleural involvement occurred in children with non Hodgkin′s lymphoma. There were significant differences in CT findings between the two groups ( P<0.05); there were no significant differences in terms of shape, density, internal calcification or cystic change, enhancement pattern and enhancement extent of thymus lesions between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Benign lesions of thymus usually manifests as absence or normal size of thymus, well-defined, non-necrotic, no displacement of vessels, no peripheral or distant invasion on CT; whereas malignant lesions are mostly enlarged, well or ill-defined, with internal necrosis and vessel displacement, surrounding or distant invasion. CT manifestations of benign and malignant thymus diseases have featured characteristics, and the combination of clinical manifestations is helpful for the differential diagnosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1490-1495, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the variation of glutamate(AMPA) receptor interacting protein(GRIPs)and apoptosis of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs)under oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) condition, so as to explore the role of GRIPs in AMPA receptor-induced excitotoxic injury.Methods:OPCs were divided into control group, 60 min OGD group and 120 min OGD group.Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of GRIP1 and GRIP2 under OGD conditions.OPCs were divided into blank control group, OPCs+ OGD group, OPCs+ cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP)+ OGD group, OPCs+ cAMP+ OGD+ GRIP1 small interfering RNA(siRNA) group, OPCs+ cAMP+ OGD+ GRIP1 siRNA negative control group, OPCs+ cAMP+ OGD+ GRIP2 siRNA group, OPCs+ cAMP+ OGD+ GRIP2 siRNA negative control group again, and terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling(TUNEL) kit was used to detect the apoptosis of each group.Fluo-4 fluorescent probe was used to measure the changes of intracellular free calcium.Results:OGD caused damage to OPCs, and the light microscope showed that the cell contour was not clear and the cell body retracts.The expressions of GRIP1 (1.233±0.060 vs.1.003±0.079, P<0.05) and GRIP2 (1.396±0.069 vs.1.001±0.037, P<0.05) were significantly higher than those in control group after 60 min of OGD was, and the longer the period of OGD, the higher the expression levels of GRIP1 (1.416±0.064 vs.1.233±0.060, P<0.01) and GRIP2 (1.680±0.018 vs.1.396±0.069, P<0.01) were.When GRIP1 and GRIP2 were down-regulated, the level of intracellular free calcium ion decreased(0.054±0.003 vs.0.074±0.003, P<0.01; 0.060±0.003 vs. 0.074±0.003, P<0.01), and the apoptosis rate decreased as well [(20.703±3.882)% vs.(11.470±1.679)%, P<0.05; (19.070±1.106)% vs.(14.448±0.849)%, P<0.01]. Conclusions:GRIP1 and GRIP2 are involved in the damage of OPCs that are caused by OGD, which may trigger AMPA receptor-mediated excitotoxicity by regulating Ca 2+ permeability.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1277-1280, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864210

ABSTRACT

Functional constipation(FC) in children is a kind of common gastrointestinal disease caused by a variety of factors.At present, basic therapy and drug therapy are main treatments of FC in children.The drug therapy has a good curative effect, but it is prone to cause symptom recurrence after drug withdrawal.Moreover, the long-term medication costs much.In recent years, research has indicated that intestinal flora disturbance may be a vital mechanism of FC, In this article means that regulating the gut microbiota can provide a theoretical support for microbial treatment in FC.In this article, the research progress of the correlation between intestinal flora and FC in children and its mechanism were reviewed.

19.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 272-277, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of β-elemene combined with gefitinib in the treatment of advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients with slow progression after first-line gefitinib treatment and its effects on quality of life and immune function.Methods:A prospective cohort study design was used to enroll patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma who met the inclusion criteria from June 2017 to December 2018 in our hospital. They were divided into experimental group and control group by random number table method. The experimental group was given elemene combined with gefitinib, and the control group was only given gefitinib. The clinical efficacy, quality of life and immune function of the two groups were compared after 2 cycles of treatment. The PFS2 (time from slow progression of disease to rapid progression of disease) was followed up.Results:A total of 61 patients were included. There were 30 cases in the experimental group and 31 cases in the control group. The disease control rates of the experimental group and the control group were 83.3% (25/30) and 58.1% (18/31) respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.680, P=0.031). The short-term efficacy of the experimental group was better than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.623, P=0.009). The median PFS2 of the experimental group was 4.20 months (95% CI: 3.94-4.46), and the median PFS2 of the control group was 4.00 months (95% CI: 2.94-5.07), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.948, P=0.026). Quality of life was compared between the two groups: in terms of physical function, emotional function and overall quality of life, score differences before and after treatment of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group, with statistically significant differences [6.67(-6.66, 20.00) vs. 0(-6.66, 6.66), Z=-2.429, P=0.015; 29.17(2.08, 56.26) vs. 12.49(-14.59, 39.57), Z=-2.263, P=0.024; 16.67(-33.33, 56.67) vs. 8.34(-18.74, 35.42), Z=-2.249, P=0.025]. In terms of immune function, CD4 + T cells level in the experimental group increased after treatment compared with that before treatment (44.27%±6.78% vs. 41.17%±3.73%, t=-2.426, P=0.022), and CD8 + T cells level decreased compared with that before treatment (21.47%±3.18% vs. 23.50%±2.37%, t=2.532, P=0.017). After treatment, the level of CD4 + T cells in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (44.27%±6.78% vs. 39.63%±5.80%, t=2.725, P=0.011). Conclusion:β-elemene combined with gefitinib has a certain effect in the treatment of advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients with slow progression after first-line gefitinib treatment, and the quality of life and immune function are improved. It is worthy of further clinical research.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 202-205, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872244

ABSTRACT

Objective:By investigating the demand of " Internet-based health education" for urban and rural residents, to identify the main functions of " Internet-based health education" platform and the priority order that platform design should follow, in an effort to help promote the accurate dissemination of health education.Methods:Since April 2019, a stratified random sampling method was used to collect urban and rural residents in 3 counties and cities of a city. The survey mainly investigated the importance of the preliminary function and the specific demand of residents for " Internet-based health education" . With data collected and based on Kano model, the Better-Worse coefficient was used for quantitative analysis.Results:There are 14 main functions of the function item identification and discovery platform; among them, privacy, and without product placement are regarded requisites of the platform, while simple and stable operation among others rank the expected functions. in addition, artistic interface, fun experience, etc. were seen as the undifferentiated functions.Conclusions:The platform design for " Internet-based health education" should follow the priority order of privacy, without product placement, simple and stable operation, information authority, low attrition, comprehensive functions, perfect supervision, free service and high popularity.

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