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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 141-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006102

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the independent risk factors of urinary tract infection (UTI) in recipients under-going renal transplantation of donation after brain death (DBD), so as to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and control of postoperative UTI. 【Methods】 A retrospective study was conducted for recipients who received renal transplantation of DBD in our hospital during Jan.2021 and Dec.2021. The recipients were divided into the infection group (n=26) and non-infection group (n=74) according to the incidence of UTI 3 months after operation. The risk factors of UTI were identified with univariate and multivariate analyses. 【Results】 The incidence of UTI was 26%. Univariate analysis showed that gender, postoperative urinary fistula, time of indwelling catheter and time of indwelling double J tube were the influencing factors of UTI (P<0.05). Forward stepwise regression analysis showed time of indwelling double J tube (OR=1.086,95%CI:1.003-1.177,P=0.042) and time of indwelling catheter(OR=4.687,95%CI:2.064-10.645, P<0.010) were the independent risk factors of UTI (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The time of indwelling catheter and time of indwelling double J tube are the independent factors of UTI after renal transplantation of DBD.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1533-1543, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010620

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with the impairment of white matter (WM) tracts. The current study aimed to verify the utility of WM as the neuroimaging marker of AD with multisite diffusion tensor imaging datasets [321 patients with AD, 265 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 279 normal controls (NC)], a unified pipeline, and independent site cross-validation. Automated fiber quantification was used to extract diffusion profiles along tracts. Random-effects meta-analyses showed a reproducible degeneration pattern in which fractional anisotropy significantly decreased in the AD and MCI groups compared with NC. Machine learning models using tract-based features showed good generalizability among independent site cross-validation. The diffusion metrics of the altered regions and the AD probability predicted by the models were highly correlated with cognitive ability in the AD and MCI groups. We highlighted the reproducibility and generalizability of the degeneration pattern of WM tracts in AD.


Subject(s)
Humans , White Matter/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging/methods , Alzheimer Disease/complications , Reproducibility of Results , Cognition , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Brain/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 410-414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910780

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/MR in preoperative localization of refractory epilepsy patients with conventional MRI negative. Methods:From August 2016 to December 2018, 57 refractory epilepsy patients (36 males, 21 females, age (24.0±10.3) years) with conventional MRI negative who underwent surgery in Xuanwu Hospital were retrospectively enrolled. All patients received interictal 18F-FDG PET/MR before surgery and the epileptogenic foci were determined by using visual and semi-quantitative methods. Patients were followed up for 1 year and the surgical outcome was evaluated according to Engel classification. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/MR in locating epileptogenic foci were calculated according to surgical resection and followed-up results as the " gold standard" . Results:Of 57 patients, 51(89.5%, 51/57) showed single or multiple hypo-metabolism focus on 18F-FDG PET/MR, and 6(10.5%, 6/57) showed no abnormal metabolism changes. The microstructure abnormality was found in 18 patients (31.6%, 18/57) on 18F-FDG PET/MR images. Follow-up results were obtained from 46 patients, and 84.8%(39/46) with seizure improvement (Engel Ⅰ-Ⅲ). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/MR in preoperative localization of epileptic foci was 90.0%(27/30), 3/16 and 65.2%(30/46), respectively. Conclusion:18F-FDG PET/MR is helpful for the detection of epileptic foci in patients with MRI-negative refractory epilepsy, and can provide reliable information for further surgical treatment.

4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1078-1082, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773481

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of cinobufagin on transient outward potassium current () in rat dorsal root ganglion cells of cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) and explore the possible analgesic mechanism of cinobufagin.@*METHODS@#Whole cell patch clamp technique was used to examine the effect of cionbufagin on in acutely isolated dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cells from normal SD rats and rats with bone cancer pain.@*RESULTS@#The DRG cells from rats with CIBP showed obviously decreased current density, an activation curve shift to the right, and an inactivation curve shift to the left. Cinobufagin treatment significantly increased the current density and reversed the changes in the activation and inactivation curves in the DRG cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@# current is decreased in DRG neurons from rats with CIBP. Cinobufagin can regulate the activation and inactivation of current in the DRG cells, which may be related to its analgesic mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Analgesics , Pharmacology , Bufanolides , Pharmacology , Cancer Pain , Drug Therapy , Cells, Cultured , Ganglia, Spinal , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Potassium Channels , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 67-70, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734893

ABSTRACT

Huntington's disease (HD),a single-gene autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease,is pathologically characterized by the great loss of striatal neurons in the brain.Clinical manifestations of HD show involuntary dance-like movements,cognitive function and neuropsychiatric symptoms.The pathogenesis of HD is concerned with the protein expression of mutant huntingtin which leads to the selective degeneration of medium spiny neurons in the striatum and the onset of the disease.Cannabinoid receptor (CBR) plays a key role in the release of neurotransmitters,synaptic plasticity,gene expression and modulation of.neuronal activity through the CBR1 and CBR2 signaling pathways.Recent studies have found that CBR-mediated phosphoinositide3-kinases/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin complex1/brain derived neurotrophic factor,neuropeptide Y/neuronal nitric oxide synthase signaling pathway play a vital role in the regulation.of striatal neuroprotection in HD.This review reveals the research progress of CBR1 related signaling pathways in HD,which provides new theoretical basis and drug targets for the prevention and treatment of HD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 674-677, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756055

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy,a group of chronic neurological disorders characterized by spontaneous and recurrent seizures and learning and memory impairments,results in transient brain dysfunction due to sudden abnormal discharge of brain neurons.The pathogenesis of epilepsy is very complicated and has not yet been fully elucidated.The imbalance between excitatory glutamate and inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitters in the central nervous system and changes in ionic functions of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors directly induce epileptic seizures.The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in retrograde synaptic transmission and exerts the anti-epileptic effect in cannabinoid receptor 1 (CBR1) dependent manner by regulating the synaptic transmission of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons and homeostatsis of ionic channel function.Elucidating the specific mechanism of action of CBR1 signaling pathway in epilepsy,can provide an effective theoretical basis and novel drug's target for clinical treatment of epilepsy.

7.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1573-1577,1581, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692882

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of nosocomial infection of carbapenem resistant En-terobacteriaceae ,then to study the risk factors and prognosis of patients ,as to provide evidence for effective control of CRE hospital infection .Methods A retrospective epidemiology study was conducted of CRE infec-ted patients from January 2016 to June 2017 .This was a 1∶2 matched case-control study of patients with in-fection due to carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae and randomly select 218 patients with non CRE infec-tion in the same hospital as control group ,then the risk factors of CRE infection were investigate .Results A-mong the 109 cases CRE infection patients ,the most common bacteria were Klebsiella pneumoniae ,Enter-obacter cloacae and Escherichia coli .The CRE strains were more sensitive to minocycline than other common antibiotics ,the resistance rate to other antibiotics was more than 40% .Univariate analysis showed that ICU staying time more than 7 d ,using beta lactamase inhibitors and carbapenem antibiotics ,combination therapy and mechanical ventilation were the potential risk factors of CRE nosocomial infection .The non conditional multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that Check in ICU more than 7 d (OR= 4 .981 ,95% CI 2 .451-10 .122 ) ,the use of containing beta lactamase inhibitor antibiotics (OR= 3 .718 ,95% CI 2 .162-6 .394) ,use of carbapenem antibiotics (OR=3 .232 ,95% CI 1 .879-5 .561) ,and mechanical ventilation (OR=5 .26 ,95% CI 2 .576-10 .742) were independent risk factors of CRE nosocomial infection .The nosocomial in- fection CRE strain was with highly antibiotic resistance rate ,and the average hospitalization time and mortality were significantly higher than those of the control group .Conclusion The carbapenem resistant Enterobacte-riaceae infection had multiple independent risk factors ,strengthening of these independent risk factor control can effectively prevent the spread of CRE isolates infection .

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 165-168, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712787

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate mRNA expressions of bcl-2-associated athanogene1 (BAG-1), epithelial growth factor receptor(EGFR)in triple negative breast cancer(TNBC). Methods Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was used to detect mRNA expression levels of BAG-1 and EGFR in 51 TNBC cases combined with adjacent tissues in Taihe Hospital of Shiyan City from October 2013 to August 2014, and the relationship between gene expression and the clinicopathologic parameters of TNBC patients was analyzed. Results The relative expressions of BAG-1 mRNA and EGFR mRNA were 0.57±0.25,0.61±0.21 respectively in TNBC. The expression level of mRNA in breast cancer (0.19±0.12, t = 5.12) was higher than that in adjacent tissues (0.21±0.11, t = 7.17), and there was no significant difference (P< 0.001). The difference of expressions of BAG-1 mRNA and EGFR mRNA in TNBC patients with different clinical stage or lymph node metastasis were statistically significant (all P< 0.05), but there was no significant difference in mRNA expression level of the patients with different tumor diameter or age (all P > 0.05). Conclusion BAG-1 mRNA, EGFR mRNA are highly expressed in TNBC, which may be related with the poor prognosis and may be a molecular index for predicting the prognosis of TNBC patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1620-1623, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668819

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between spatial distribution of default mode network and glucose uptake.Methods Nine healthy subjects were scanned with hybrid PET/MR.Resting state MRI (rs-fMRI) and PET data were obtained.Spatial distribution analysis was performed between default mode network and glucose uptake.The relationship between the functional connectivity of default mode network and the distribution of glucose uptake were further analyzed.Results The similar spatial distribution pattern was found between default mode network and glucose uptake.Correlation between functional connectivity and glucose uptake in the default mode network showed that the best correlation coefficient between the values of functional connectivity and relative glucose uptake (rGU) was achieved in the right posterior cingulate cortex (rs =0.833,P<0.001).Conclusion Hybrid PET/MR is very important to investigate neural mechanism of default mode network.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1401-1406, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607778

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the consistency of time-of-flight (TOF) technology of PET/MRI and PET/CT for max standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of body malignant tumors.Methods A retrospective analysis of TOF-PET/CT and TOF-PET/MR imaging data about twenty patients with body malignant tumors was performed.Patients were divided into two groups (each n=10),including PET/CT first and sequentially PET/MR group and PET/MR first and sequentially PET/CT group.Bland-Altman figure was used to evaluate consistency of SUVmax of malignant lesions between TOF-PET/CT and TOF-PET/MR.Multi-way ANOVA was used to analysis effect of machine type and exam order on SUVmaxof malignant lesions in TOF-PET/CT and TOF-PET/MR.Results SUVmax of malignant lesions in TOF-PET/CT and TOF-PET/MR had good consistency in two groups (PET/CT first and sequentially PET/MR group:Mean difference was 3.06,95%CI was [-7.5,13.6];PET/MR first and sequentially PET/CT group:Mean difference was 3.0,95%CI was [-2.4,8.3]).SUVmax was not influenced by machine type (F=0.005,P=0.95),but exam order (F=46.00,P<0.001).Conclusion PET/MR and PET/CT with TOF technology have comparative diagnostic value in SUVmaxof body malignant lesions.SUVmax of body malignant lesions increases in delay time,which is not related to machine type,but exam time.

11.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2218-2220,2223, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619782

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk of cardiovascular and other target organs damage in the patients with type 2 di abetes mellitus(T2DM) and different body mass indexes (BMI).Methods One hundred and twenty-six patients with T2DM admitted to our hospital from January 2014 to January 2016were prospectively collected,including 57 cases in the study group (BMI≥25 kg/m2) and 69 cases in the control group (18.5 kg/m2≤BMI<25 kg/m2).The clinical featuresof the two groups were analyzed,and the correlation between BMI and related indexes of target organ damage [carotid arte ry intima media thickness (IMT),arterial stiffness index,coronary heart disease index and glomerular filtration rate] were analyzed.Results There was no statistically significant difference in fasting blood glucose between the two groups (P=0.953),BMI in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P=0.000).When compared with the.control group,the study group showed a significantly increase in age (P=0.038);a significant increase in systolic blood pressure (P=0.000);a significantly increase in diabetic family history (P=0.000);a significant increase in total cholesterol (P=0.012);a significant increase in triglycerides (P=0.000);a significant decrease in high density lipoprotein (P=0.003);a significant increase in HOMA-IR level (P =0.000);a significant decrease in HOMA-β level (P=0.000);a significant increase in IMT level (P=0.000);a significant increasein arterial stiffness index (P=0.000);a significant increase in coronary heart disease index (P:0.001);and a significant decrease in glomerular filtration rate (P=0.000).The Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that BMI was correlated with IMT,atherosclerosis index,coronary heart disease index and glomerular filtration rate,the r values were 0.234,0.257,0.294 and 0.211 respectively(all P=0.000).Conclusion The BMI level in the patients with T2DM is related to cardiovascular and renal function damage.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 385-388, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486813

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the awareness,attitude and behavior changes of medical workers to the family doctor service and the influential factors on their utilization of such service since the service is in place.The purpose is to provide theoretical basis to establish the family doctor service model and the incentive mechanism in line with the development of community health service in Beijing.Methods Eight community health centers were sampled randomly from three representative areas of Haidian,Xicheng and Daxing districts,which were grouped randomly as one intervention group and one control group.All the medical workers surveyed were subj ect to the research.The control group was managed as to the existing management mode,and the intervention group was classified and managed according to the new family doctor service model.A questionnaire survey was made to collect data from the baseline and final stages.Comparisons were made among the districts,institutions,and before-after intervention of the institutions themselves to evaluate the effects of the service model and incentive mechanism.Results The survey found a higher awareness by medical workers to such service,higher recognition and satisfaction, and lower rate of services provided by medical workers.The logistic regression analysis found the influential factors for willingness of medical workers to work as family doctors,include group difference, workload changes after signoff as family doctors,residents′acceptance of the community first visit system,recognition or not for whether a family should have a community service team,residents′acceptance,and the general comments on family doctor service (P< 0.05 ).Conclusions Higher incentives of community doctors to embrace family doctor service,calls for the medical workers to change their perception,better incentive mechanism and greater promotion efforts for family doctors′services.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1253-1258, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670227

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the toxicity and biological activity of cobalt nanoparticles (CoNPs) on osteoclasts,and to analyze the relationship between cobalt nanoparticles and osteolysis.Methods From November 2014 to July 2015,RAW264.7 cell was induced to osteoclast-like cell by LPS.Different concentrations of cobalt nanoparticles and cobalt chloride were added,and the cell morphology was observed under a microscope.24 h after induction on RAW264.7,cells were grouped into cobalt nanoparticles group (10,20,50,100 μmol/L),cobalt chloride group (10,20,50,100 mol/L) and control group.MTT assessment and Q-PCR were performed at 2 h,4 h,8 h,24 h,48 h post-treatment.Results With the increase of concentration (10,20,50,100 μmol/L) and the action time (2 h,4 h,8 h,24 h,48 h),the inhibition rate of cobalt nanoparticles and cobalt chloride on osteoclast like cells was significantly increased,and the inhibition rate of cobalt nanoparticles was higher.With different concentrations (10,20,50,100 μmol/L) of CoNPs and cobalt chloride,the relative expression of CAⅡ,Cat K gene mRNA expression decreased compared with the control group,when the concentration of CoNPs was in the range of 10-50 μ mol/L,the relative expression of CAⅡ and Cat K was increased,which was reduced in cobalt chloride group.Conclusion Different concentrations of cobalt nanoparticles and cobalt chloride can inhibit the proliferation and differentiation of osteoclasts,and cobalt nanoparticles is more pronounced,when the concentration of cobalt nanoparticles was 10-50 μmol/L,the relative expression of osteoclasts CAⅡ,Cat K increaseed,which was suppressed at the same concentration of cobalt chloride.

14.
Chinese Journal of Health Policy ; (12): 37-43, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467830

ABSTRACT

Since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the development of China’s official de-velopment assistance for health has been going through three phases. To date, it has developed in many forms, inclu-ding the dispatch of medical team and the construction of health facilities. Since the market reforms, the global con-text together with the domestic socioeconomic foundations have changed; the impact of China’s relatively simple and segmented development assistance for health on the development of health systems in developing countries is limited;the effectiveness of assistance has been watered-down due to segmentation and vague management and accountability systems, as well as the lack of an overarching strategy;China’s health institutions, techniques and products suffer va-rious obstacles in their transfer to other countries where rules are dominated by western countries;compared with the increasing and multiple demands of development assistance for health from developing countries, the capacities of co-operation need to be further developed. As the paper suggests, use the “new major-country” and “new morality-in-terest” and“human oriented” concepts, as well as the ideology of“aid in order to develop, develop in order to coop-erate, so as to develop hand-in-hand” to guide China’s development assistance for health;innovate stereo-aid models to adapt to the changed foreign and domestic socioeconomic context; reform the development assistance for health management system and define rights and obligations appropriately;strengthen coordination and information sharing;link development assistance for health with global health governance to promote a maximized spillover effect;mobilize the civil society with strengthened guidance and supervision.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 728-731, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489547

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of miRNA-218 on renal cell carcinoma of nude mice in vivo.Methods The pcDNA3.1-miR-218 and its control negative plasmids were stably transfected into renal cell carcinoma cell line A498 and 769-P.These cells were inoculated into nude mice in different groups to observe the changes of body and tumor and to detect the expression of miR-218 in the tissues of nude mice.Results In the A498 cells + pcDNA3.1-miR-218 transfected group,the weight loss of tumor bearing nude mice after 25 days was lower than that in the control group,and the tumor volume was smaller than that in the control group after 10 days (P < 0.05).In the 769-P cells + pcDNA3.1-miR-218 transfected group,the weight loss of tumor bearing nude mice was lower than that in the control group after 19 days,and the tumor volume was smaller than that in control group after 10 days (P < 0.05).The expression of miRNA-218 in bearing nude mice with A498 cells or 769-P cells transfected by miRNA-218 was significantly higher than that in the control group,and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion Up-regulation of miRNA-218 expression can inhibit the growth of renal cell carcinoma of nude mice in vivo.

16.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 646-649, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473754

ABSTRACT

Objective To realize antimicrobial resistance rate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa)and it’s correlation with antimicrobial use density(AUD),and to provide reference for control of healthcare-associated infec-tion.Methods From July 2011 to December 2013,antimicrobial resistance rate of P. aeruginosa isolated from hospi-talized patients and AUD of patients were monitored,and the correlation between them was analyzed.Results AUD of patients decreased from 73.61 in the third and fourth quarters of 2011 to 41.33 in the same quarters of 2013. Corre-lation coefficient of AUD and antimicrobial resistance rate of P. aeruginosa was -0.32~0.88,correlation coeffi-cient of resistance rate of P. aeruginosa to aztreonam and aztreonam use density was 0.88,there was statistical sig-nificance. Conclusion AUD of hospitalized patients revealed a decreasing tendency,suggesting antimicrobial selec-tive resistance should be considered in clinic.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 187-189, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447279

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of epirubicin (EPI) and gemcitabine (GEM) alternating sequential intravesical chemotherapy after transurethral resection in the treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.Methods 240 patients with primary non-muscle invasive bladder urothelial carcinoma were randomly divided into 2 groups.There were 120 cases for each group,EPI group was given EPI 50 mg (once a week),bladder perfusion,while the EPI+GEM group was given EPI 50 mg (once every other week),GEM 1000 mg (once every other week),alternating sequential perfusion.The follow-up time ranged from 6 to 24 months when the time of tumor recurrence and adverse reactions of chemotherapy were observed and recorded.Results The 2-year tumor free survival rate for EPI group recurrence was 60.0 % (72/120),and 75.0 % (90/120) for EPI+GEM group.There were statistical significance between the differences of the 2 groups (x2 =5.489,P < 0.05).3 cases in EPI group and 2 cases in EPI+GEM group progressed to muscle invasive bladder cancer,and there was no statistical significance between the differences of bladder cancer progression rates for the 2 groups (2.5 % and 1.7 %) (x2 =0.000,P < 0.05).The main adverse reaction during the treatment was gastrointestinal discomfort (15 cases and 6 cases respectively),no serious haematological toxicity and other adverse reactions were frequent urination,urgency,dysuria and hematuria.The differences between the occurrence rates of adverse reactions for the 2 groups were 25.0 % and 11.7 %,which were statistically significant (x2 =6.252,P < 0.05).Conclusion For non-muscle invasive urothelial bladder carcinoma,the curative effect is better to use EPI and GEM sequential intravesical chemotherapy than to use EPI alone,which can not only reduce the 2 years recurrence rate after the operation,but also reduce the incidence rate of adverse reactions.Yet,this method cannot change the progress of bladder cancer.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 748-753, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445350

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome is rarely reported, especial y concurrent during perioperative period of renal transplantation. Due to its clinical manifestations similar to uremia, transplant doctors are easy to ignore or not timely diagnosis reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome, thus impacting its treatment. OBJECTIVE:To discuss the clinical manifestations, imaging features, treatment experience and prognosis of patients with reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome concurrent during perioperative period of renal transplantation, in order to improve the diagnostic rate and therapeutic effect. METHODS:We reviewed clinical data of one case of concurrent reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome during perioperative period of renal transplantation admitted at the General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:From the 3rd day postoperatively, the patient gradual y experienced abnormal blood pressure, blurred vision, headache, seizures, disturbance of consciousness and mental and behavioral abnormalities. Early head CT showed low density in the left frontal lobe and corona radiate;and further MRI re-examination showed flake-shaped T1 and long T2 signals in the bilateral frontal lobe, hippocampus, parietal occipital cortex, and brainstem, as wel as high signals on FLARI images at the corresponding parts. After active treatment, the clinical manifestations were improved. Retrospective analysis of clinical data of this case and review of relevant literature wil provide clinical data for the diagnosis and treatment of concurrent reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome during perioperative period of renal transplantation.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 649-653, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468715

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of miR-218 on biological functions of renal cell carcinoma cell line through regulating the expression levels of miR-218.Methods The pcDNA3.1-miR-218 was transfected into renal carcinoma cell line A498 and 769-P and the expression of miR-218 was detected.The cell activity,invasion,apoptosis and proliferation of transfected renal carcinoma cell line were analyzed in vitro.Results After plasmid transfected A498/769-P renal carcinoma cell line,the expression level of miR-218 (1.99,1.64) was significantly higher than that of the control group (1.00) (t =60.82,10.89,P < 0.000 1) The cell viability (0.90±0.10,0.68±0.06) was lower than that of the control group (1.39±0.14,1.24±0.08) by CCK8 experiment (t =15.02,31.69,P < 0.000 1).The cell invasion was lower than that of control group by Transwell experiment (t =15.78,18.80,P < 0.000 1).The apoptosis ratio was higher by AnnxinV-FITC experiment,the apoptosis ration of control group and transfected group were respectively 0.25 %,45.77 % in A498 cell line and 0.11%,45.57 % in 769-P cell line.The proliferation was lower than that of the control group (P < 0.000 1).Conclusion Up-regulation of miR-218 expression can inhibit the growth of renal cell carcinoma cell line in vitro.

20.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 805-810, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452338

ABSTRACT

A novel method based on cross sensitivity of cataluminescence (CTL) generated on the surface of a nanometer composite oxide was proposed for simultaneous determination of benzene and trimethylamine (TMA) in air. A variety of nanometer composite oxides based on Y2 O3 that showed catalytic activity to many gas molecules were synthesized. For the fabrication of the detector, nanometer composite oxide was directly coated on the ceramic rod to form a 0. 1-0. 15 mm thick layer. The ceramic rod with nanometer composite oxide was inserted into a quartz tube with an inner diameter of 10 mm. The temperature of nanometer composite oxide was controlled by the digital heater. When gas samples passed through the nanometer composite oxide in the quartz tube by the air flow, the CTL was generated during the catalytic oxidation on the surface of the nanometer composite oxide. The CTL signals were respectively recorded by two ultra weak chemiluminescence analyzers. The CTL intensity and selectivity for the determination of benzene and TMA on nano- Zr3 Y2 O9 which was characterized by TEM were bigger and better than those on other nanosized composite oxides. The optimum experimental conditions were tested. Selective determination was achieved at a wavelength of 440 nm for benzene and 540 nm for TMA. The surface temperature of the nanometer materials was about 313 ℃. The flow rate of air carrier was about 140 mL/ min. The limit of detection of this method was 0. 30 mg / m3 for benzene at 440 nm and 0. 70 mg / m3 for TMA at 540 nm. The linear range of CTL intensity versus concentration of benzene at 440 nm was 0. 8-105. 0 mg / m3 , benzene at 540 nm was 3. 0-130. 0 mg / m3 , TMA at 440 nm was 2. 5-232. 0 mg / m3 and TMA at 540 nm was 1. 2-156. 0 mg / m3 . The recovery of 5 testing standard samples by this method was 96. 8% -102. 3% for benzene and 97. 6% -103. 4%for TMA. Common coexistence matters, such as formaldehyde, ethanol, acetone, ammonia, sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide, did not disturb the determination. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of CTL signals of a continuous 200 h detection of gas mixture of 50 mg / m3 benzene and 50 mg / m3 TMA was 2. 0% , which demonstrated the longevity and steady performance of nano-Zr3 Y2 O9 to benzene and TMA under this experimental conditions.

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