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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2085-2104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887783

ABSTRACT

Terpenoids are a group of structurally diverse compounds with good biological activities and versatile functions such as anti-cancer and immunity-enhancing effects, and are widely used in food, healthcare and medical industries. Facilitated by the increasing understandings on the natural biosynthetic pathways of terpenoids in recent years, Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been engineered into high-yield strains for production of a variety of terpenoids, some of which have reached or become close to the level required by industrial production. In this connection, synthetic biology driven biotechnological production of terpenoids has become a promising alternative to chemical synthesis and traditional extraction approaches. This article summarizes the recent process in engineering S. cerevisiae for terpenoids biosynthesis, highlighting the effect of synthetic biology strategies by taking a couple of typical terpenoids as examples.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Metabolic Engineering , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics , Synthetic Biology , Terpenes
2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 410-413, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To screen the optimal fitting model for the change trend of the number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province by using linear and nonlinear regression models. Method The number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province from 2003 to 2017 was used as the dependent variable(■) and the year(time) as the independent variable(x).Eleven mathematical models including linear regression, cubic function, quadratic function, composite function, growth function, exponential function, logistic function, power function, logarithmic function, S-type function and inverse function were used to fit the data, and the best-fit model was selected to describe and verify the change of new occupational diseases. RESULTS: Among the 11 mathematical models, the determination coefficient of fit results of cubic curve regression model was the highest(0.94, P<0.01), and the fit effect was the best. The fitting curve was ■. The cubic curve regression model was used to fit the number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province from 2003 to 2019. The results showed that the measured value of new cases in all those years, except 2011, was within 95% confidence interval of the fitting value. The median(25 th, 75 th percentile) of absolute relative deviation between the fitting value and the actual value was 8.9%(4.3%, 14.7%). CONCLUSION: The regression model based on cubic curve can better fit the incidence of occupational diseases and can be used to describe the occurence of occupational diseases.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796733

ABSTRACT

Objective@#A label-free electrochemical immunosensor was developed for the detection of nuclear matrix protein-22 (NMP22) as a biomarker of bladder cancer.@*Methods@#The study was based on the establishment and validation of the methodology. Urine samples were collected from 20 patients with bladder cancer and 20 controls in the affiliated Hongqi hospital of Mudanjiang medical university from September in 2017 to July in 2019 to validate the developed method. A screen-printed electrode (SPE) was modified with a film of a composite made from the reduced graphene oxide-tetraethylene pentamine (rGO-TEPA) immobilized Zn-based-Metal-organic frameworks deposited with Au nanoparticles (rGO-TEPA@Au-ZIF8). Primary antibody against NMP22 was immobilized on the Au nanoparticles on the surface of the modified SPE, which then was blocked with bovine serum albumin to elimiate nonspecific binding sites. The process of the construction of the proposed sensorwas characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Differential pulse voltammetry was used to evaluate the linear range, recovery, precision, selectivity and stability. The data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test.@*Results@#Under optimal conditions, the immunosensor exhibited a linear range of 0.01-1000 ng/mlwith a detection limit of 3.33 pg/ml (S/N=3) and a standard recovery of 97.65%-107.05%. The levels of NMP22 in urine samples from patients with bladder cancer [66.03 (4.34, 91.74)]ng/ml determined by the proposed sensor were significantly higher than those of controls 0.54(0.06, 8.84) ng/ml(P=0.001).@*Conclusion@#The immunosensor can achieve sensitive, rapid and acucurate detection of NMP22, and has potential application prospects in monitoring tumor markers.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792125

ABSTRACT

Objective A label-free electrochemical immunosensor was developed for the detection of nuclear matrix protein-22 (NMP22) as a biomarker of bladder cancer. Methods The study was based on the establishment and validation of the methodology. Urine samples were collected from 20 patients with bladder cancer and 20 controls in the affiliated Hongqi hospital of Mudanjiang medical university from September in 2017 to July in 2019 to validate the developed method. A screen-printed electrode (SPE) was modified with a film of a composite made from the reduced graphene oxide-tetraethylene pentamine (rGO-TEPA) immobilized Zn-based-Metal-organic frameworks deposited with Au nanoparticles (rGO-TEPA@Au-ZIF8). Primary antibody against NMP22 was immobilized on the Au nanoparticles on the surface of the modified SPE, which then was blocked with bovine serum albumin to elimiate nonspecific binding sites. The process of the construction of the proposed sensorwas characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Differential pulse voltammetry was used to evaluate the linear range, recovery, precision, selectivity and stability. The data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. Results Under optimal conditions, the immunosensor exhibited a linear range of 0.01-1000 ng/mlwith a detection limit of 3.33 pg/ml (S/N=3) and a standard recovery of 97.65%-107.05%. The levels of NMP22 in urine samples from patients with bladder cancer [66.03 (4.34, 91.74)]ng/ml determined by the proposed sensor were significantly higher than those of controls 0.54(0.06, 8.84) ng/ml(P=0.001). Conclusion The immunosensor can achieve sensitive, rapid and acucurate detection of NMP22, and has potential application prospects in monitoring tumor markers.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1318-1321, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816737

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand knowledge and awareness of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) and associated factors among parents of kindergarten children in urban district of Huzhou City and to provide a veference for making effective measure of health education of HFMD.@*Methods@#Self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate 851 parents from 6 kindergartens by stratified cluster random sampling.@*Results@#The overall recognition of HFMD was 8.15±3.43, and the qualified rate was 5.17%. Awareness rates of sources, transmission routes, symptoms and signs, as well as preventive measures were 34.08%, 20.80%, 3.41% and 30.32%, respectively. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that kindergarten type(B=-1.07), gender(B=0.70), age(B=-0.41), education level(B=1.60), occupation (B=-1.37) associated with awareness of HFMD (P<0.05).The top three sources of HFMD prevention and treatment were mobile messages(45.24%), kindergarten lectures (43.24%) and brochure/propaganda column(40.19%) .@*Conclusion@#The general knowledge and awareness of HFMD among parents of kindergartens children’s parents is low in urban district of Huzhou city. In order to improve the awareness and health-related behaviors among parents of kindergarten children to prevent HFMD, child care institutions and basic public health service health education programs should be relied on, to carry out appropriate health communication and intervention.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745270

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain the information on the frequency of diagnostic X-ray examinations in Guangdong province in order to provide reference data for the rational application of diagnostic radiology.Methods A typical stratified sampling method was used to select 56 medical institutions in 7 districts in Guangdong province for the survey of the frequencies of diagnostic X-ray examinations.Multiple linear regression analysis was performed using the relevant variables of the surveyed sample (total number of hospitals,number of outpatients,number of inpatients,number of radiation workers,and number of diagnostic equipment).The dependent independent variables were fitted to the linear regression equation to estimate the frequency of routine diagnostic X-ray examinations and diagnostic CT examinations and the total frequency of diagnostic medical X-ray examinations in Guangdong province in 2016.Results By the largest percentage contribution,chest radiography accounted for 60.84% of the routine diagnostic X-ray examinations,brain scans 28.03% of diagnostic CT examinations,and cardiovascular interventions 48.83% of interventional radiology.For the group of above 40 years old,the largest percentage contributions were,respectively,routine diagnostic X-ray examination 47.95%,diagnostic CT examinations 65.41%,and interventional radiology 75.64%.All types of medical X-ray examinations are concentrated in the tertiary and secondary hospitals.Based on this survey,the examination frequencies for 2016 in Guangdong were estimated to be,respectively,diagnostic X-ray examination 699 examinations per 1 000 population and CT diagnostic 231 examinations per 1 000 population,with the total of 992 examinations per 1 000 population.Conclusions This survey was completed to a limited degree and less investment.The results showed that the diagnostic radiology in Guangdong province is developing with increased frequencies,with wide varieties of X-ray examination types in the tertiary and secondary hospitals.Relevant competent defpartments should pay attention to strengthening the radiation protection of examined individuals and actively providing guidance on the correct and rational applicc ation of diagnostic radiology so as to achieve profit and avoid disadvantages.

7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 436-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881718

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and predict epidemiological trends of occupational chemical poisoning,based on directly reported data during 2006-2015 in Guangdong Province. METHODS: The data of patients with occupational chemical poisoning reported from National Information Surveillance System for Occupational Disease and Occupational Health from 2006 to 2015 in Guangdong Province were collected. The epidemiological characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. The autoregressive integral moving average model( ARIMA model) was established and validated based on the number of the new onset cases and was used to predict the trends of occupational chemical poisoning from 2017 to 2020 in Guangdong Province. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2015,1 288 new cases of occupational chemical poisoning were reported in Guangdong Province,which accounted for 24. 4% of the total number of new cases of occupational diseases in the province( 5 283 cases). Among the new cases,the percentage of acute and chronic poisoning was 21. 7%( 279/1 288) and 78. 3%( 1 009/1 288). There was 74. 7%( 962/1 288) of organic solvent poisoning. Five kinds of new occupational chemical poisoning were found. Most of the new cases were male,accounting for 56. 7%( 729/1 288). They were mainly distributed and concentrated in Pearl River Delta Region,accounting for 95. 9%(1 235/1 288). Shenzhen,Dongguan and Guangzhou were the most three cities which had 425,325 and 209 cases respectively,all of them accounted for 74. 4%( 959/1 288). The new cases of poisoning mainly distributed in medium and small enterprises( 72. 0%),private economic enterprises( 50. 9%) and manufacturing industries(70. 5%). The number of occupational chemical poisoning diseases decreased first,and increased,and the proportion to the total number of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province showed a straight downward trend(P < 0. 01). The median age at diagnosis was 35 years old and the median work year at diagnosis was 2. 0 years,and both of them showed an increasing trend( P < 0. 01). CONCLUSION: Occupational chemical poisoning in Guangdong Province has certain characteristic of crowd aggregation and epidemic trends.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 164-167, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of the autoregressive integrated moving average model( ARIMA model)in predicting incidence of occupational noise-induced deafness( ONID). METHODS: The ARIMA model was established and validated based on the number of new onset ONID cases in Guangdong Province from 2006 to 2015. Then the ARIMA model was used to predict the trend of new onset ONID cases from 2016 to 2020. RESULTS: The number of new ONID cases in Guangdong Province from 2006 to 2015 showed an exponential growth trend. The optimal model fitted with the number of new onset ONID cases from 2006 to 2015 was the ARIMA( 2,2,2) model,which better match the number of new onset ONID cases from 2008 to 2015. According to the ARIMA( 2,2,2) model,the number of new onset ONID cases in Guangdong Province will continue to have a rapidly increasing trend from 2016 to 2020. CONCLUSION: The ARIMA model based on time series matches the time trend of ONID onset,and it can be used for the prediction of ONID incidence trend.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 737-743, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810219

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the incidence, and the characteristics of organ failure in relationship to prognosis in hepatitis B virus-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) patients using chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure assessment (CLIF-SOFA) score for judgments of clinical treatment and prognosis.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 316 patients who were diagnosed as HBV-ACLF during hospitalization from February 2015 to February 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Intrahepatic and extrahepatic organ failures were assessed according to CLIF-SOFA score, and the relationship between clinical characteristics and prognosis was analyzed. Continuity variables were analyzed by analysis of variance, or Kruskal-Wallis H test. Comparison of the categorical data were done using χ 2 or Fisher's exact test, and the predictive efficacy of various prognostic scores was compared using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) and Z-test.@*Results@#Of 316 cases (87.3% men) of HBV-ACLF, the mean age was (45 ± 11) years old. 78.8% of patients with underlying liver disease had hepatitis B virus induced cirrhosis. Mortality rates in patients without liver transplantation at 28 days, 90 days and 180 days were 20.5% (63/307), 36.7% (110/300) and 39.2% (116/296), respectively. According to the CLIF-SOFA score, 89.9% (284 patients) had organ failure at baseline, of which 97.5% had liver failure (Total bilirubin ≥ 12 mg/dl) and only 2.5% had coagulation, kidney, circulation or respiratory failure without liver failure. Besides liver failure, the incidence of extrahepatic organ failure was coagulation (23.1%), kidney (5.7%), brain (3.8%), circulation (1.3%) and respiratory failure (0.3%). With increasing number of organ failure, the mortality rate of two and three or more organ failures were 69.6% and 69.2%, respectively, which was significantly higher than that of single organ failure and non-organ failure patients (27% and 6.9%, respectively; P < 0.001). Liver failure with coagulation failure (International normalized ratio≥2.5 or platelet count≤20×109/L) had worst prognosis with a mortality rate of up to 75% at 90 days.@*Conclusion@#According to the CLIF-SOFA score, the main organ failure in patients with HBV-ACLF in China is liver failure. The mortality rate in patients with two or more organ failures is as high as 70% within 3 months. Therefore, timely manner liver transplantation should be considered.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807325

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the characteristics, temporal trend of silicosis, and provide basis for risk assessment and precise prevention and control of occupational diseases.@*Methods@#Using descriptive statistics to analyze the reported cases of silicosis by SPSS 20.0 software. Reported silicosis cases, the constituent ratio, the incidence age and the working age at onset were analyzed by a linear trend test. Analyzing the variation trends of regional, industry, economic type and enterprise scale distributions by the chi-square trend test. Moreover, using Moran's I method for spatial autocorrelation analysis and trend-surface analysis.@*Results@#(1) During 2006 to 2015, Guangdong province had reported 1, 428 cases of silicosis, mainly gathered in Foshan, Zhongshan, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, which included 1391 male cases accounting for 97.41%. And the average incidence age was 45 (39, 51) . The average working age of onset was 9 (5.5, 15) . In economic type distribution, the private economy took the main part, accounting for 59.1%. In enterprise scale distribution, it was dominated by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) , accounting for 32.4% and 37.3% respectively. In industry distribution, most cases were gathered in materials and mining industry, accounting for 32.1% and 22.9% respectively. (2) The number of silicosis cases, the incidence age and the working age of onset showed a rising trend (P<0.01) . Meanwhile, the constituent ratios of medium-sized enterprises and building materials industry were increasing (P<0.05) . The annual variation trends of regional, economic type and age distributions were not statistically significant (P> 0.05) . (3) The spatial distribution trend showed an inverted U type, which was firstly raised and then declined from south to north and from east to west. The distribution characteristic demonstrated some high-high cluster areas, including Chancheng, Nanhai, Shunde, Panyu, Dongguan, Pengjiang, and Zhongshan. While Wuhua showed a high-low outlier form (P<0.01) .@*Conclusion@#Silicosis cases, age and working age of onset were on the rise, as well as the industry and enterprise scale distributions of occupational diseases presented a certain trend in Guangdong province from 2006 to 2015. There were high-high cluster and high-low outlier phenomena in spatial distribution with spatial correlation. Therefore, our work of silicosis epidemic trend and distribution may provide some bases for the occupational disease risk assessment and control.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806798

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was aimed to analyze the epidemic trend and predict the incidence trend of occupational diseases during 2006-2015 in Guangdong province, which may provide the theoretical foundation for occupational disease risk assessment and precise control and prevention.@*Methods@#We analyzed the number of reported occupational disease cases, the constituent ratio, the average age and working-age of patients. We also performed the linear-by-linear association test of new incidence, median age and median working-age by curve-fitting method, of which the diagnostic year was set as the independent variable. Meanwhile, we designed an ARIMA model to predict the variation tendency of occupational diseases in 2017-2020.@*Results@#(1) During 2006-2015, the total reported cases of occupational disease is 5289, including 2101 cases of occupational pneumoconiosis (39.7%) , 1363 cases of occupational poisoning (25.8%) , and 864 cases of occupational otolaryngological and stomatological disease (16.3%) . (2) The number of occupational diseases and pneumoconiosis have a straight upward trend (R2=0.851, R2=0.856) , while the number of occupational otolaryngological and stomatological disease and occupational tumor have a exponential trend (R2=0.914, R2=0.696) . The constituent ratio of occupational poisoning is decreasing, and the constituent ratio of occupational otolaryngological and stomatological disease is increasing. (3) The average onset age is 40 (33, 46) years old, and the average onset working-age is 6 (3, 11) years. Both of them have a straight upward trend (R2=0.954、R2=0.792) . The onset age of pneumoconiosis, occupational poisoning and occupational otolaryngological and stomatological disease have a upward trend. In addition, the onset working-age of occupational poisoning and pneumoconiosis have a upward trend. (4) The number of occupational diseases in 2017-2020 is predicted to be between 902-1231.@*Conclusion@#Occupational diseases in Guangdong province showed a trend of high incidence. The age and working-age of occupational diseases showed an extended trend. Therefore, our work of occupational epidemic trend may provide some bases for the occupational disease risk assessment and precise control and prevention.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667205

ABSTRACT

Electrochemical immunosensors is widely used in clinical laboratory diagnosis for its unique properties such as cost-effective, rapid, sensitive and specific and play a role in POCT and rapid diagnosis.This paper introduces the principle and advantages of electrochemical immunosensor.Biological molecules such as tumor marker, myocardial marker, hormone, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and autoimmune antibody has carried on the induction,based on the domestic and foreign research results.The advantages and disadvantages of electrochemical immunosensor was evaluated, and the research on its application prospect is analyzed.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808832

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) after glucocorticoid therapy.@*Methods@#Thirty-six patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) were treated with glucocorticoid therapy, of whom 23 patients in the survival group and the other in the deceased group (n=13). The changes of white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, NLR, total bilirubin (TBil), prothrombin activity (PTA), international normalized ratio (INR) were observed before, during and after treatment, and the relationship between NLR and prognosis was analyzed.@*Results@#NLR after glucocorticoid treatment, the survival group 3.95±2.65, the deceased group 12.79±10.66, there was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.001). According to univariate and multivariate logisitic regression analysis, NLR ratio was one of the independent factor in ACLF. ROC curve showed the AUC of NLR in patients with ACLF 0.868(95%CI: 0.743-0.993). After glucocorticoid treatment, the survival rate of NLR<3.315 patients with acute liver failure was high.@*Conclusions@#NLR is one of the important indexes for evaluating the prognosis of ACLF patients with ACLF due to glucocorticoid therapy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515538

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of inhibitor enhanced modified carbapenemase inactivation method (imCIM) in the detection of class B carbapenemase.The differences between imCIM and EDTA disc potentiation test (EDPT) were comparatively analyzed.Methods A total of 181 strains of carbapenem insensitive strains were collected,among which there were 44 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae,44 strains of Escherichia coli,43 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii and 50 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.The 83 strains of carbapenem-sensitive strains were composed of 25 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae,16 strains of Escherichia coli,25 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii and 17 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.The class B carbapenemase in the 264 strains of pathogenic bacteria was screened by imCIM and EDPT,and PCR results were used as gold standard.The statistical analysis wasperformed with consistency check,related-sample Wilcoxon signed rank sum test,independent samples Kruskal-Wallis H test and ROC curve.Results Among the 181 strains of carbapenem insensitive strains,PCR results of 144 strains were positive for drug resistance gene.The samples of class A,B and D of carbapenemase were 39,77 and 28 strains respectively.The results of imCIM showed that 70 strains were positive,and the other 111 strains were negative.The imCIM results of 166 strains were consistent with those of PCR.The results of EDPT showed that 72 strains were positive,and the other 109 strains were negative.The EDPT results of 134 strains were consistent with those of PCR.The results of PCR,EDPT and imCIM of 83 carbapenem sensitive strains were negative.The sensitivity and specificity of imCIM were 85.71% (66/77) and 97.86% (183/187),and the value of Kappa was 0.859.The sensitivity and specificity of EDPT were 66.23 % (51/77) and 88.77 % (166/187),and the value of Kappa was 0.561.The difference of inhibition zone of imCIM (AdimCIM) was different from EDPT(AdEDPr) and the difference was statistically significant (Z =-6.941,P < 0.05).In the imCIM detection,the AdimciM level of class B carbapenemase showed different population distribution position from class A and D carbapenemase with the statistically significant difference (x2 =108.887,P < 0.05).The areas under the ROC curve of imCIM and EDPTwere 0.988 (95%CI:0.977 to0.999) and0.936 (95%CI:0.909 to0.963),respectively.Conclusion imCIM should be accurate,efficient and convenient for screening of carbapenem phenotype for its high sensitivity and specificity,and suitable for epidemiological monitoring.

15.
Modern Hospital ; (6): 718-721, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612689

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of engulfment and cell motility protein 1 (ELMO1) in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) and its effects on cell migration.Methods The expression of ELMO1 in HCC cell lines and HCC tissues was assessed by Western blot.We used transient transfection with an ELMO1 expressing vector to over-express ELMO1 protein in SK-HEP-1 cells.Over-expression of ELMO1 was confirmed by Western blot.siRNAs specific to ELMO1 (ELMO1 siRNA) were used to knockdown ELMO1 expression.Rho Family Small GTPase Activation Assay, Western blots, transwell assay were used to determine the migration potential of cells.Student's test was employed for statistical analysis.Results The expression of ELMO1 protein was obviously up-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines (P<0.05).Over-expression of ELMO1 promoted cell migration in SK-HEP-1 cells, while knock-down of ELMO1 showed the opposite effect.Conclusion ELMO1 up-regulation significantly correlates with cell migration in hepatocellular carcinoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611040

ABSTRACT

Objective To preparegraphene quantum dots (GQDs) and construct a novel biosensor for determination of dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA).Methods The GQDs was prepared by carbonization method from citric acid as carbon sources.Differential pulse voltammetry was used by the modified electrodes to detect uric acid and dopamine,and the detection performance was evaluate.Collected three experimenters morning urine on July 29,2016.The proposed sensor was used for biological samples detection.Results The size of GQDs were between 3 to 5 nm,which was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).The proposed sensor had good linear correlation of 50~600 μmol/L UA (r2 =0.996 6) and 2~ 240 μmol/L DA (r2 =0.992 5).In uric acid in urine samples' detection (n=3),RSD value was less than 3%.The standard addition recovery rates of UA and DA were in 95.7%~101.4% and 96%~102% respectively.Conclusion The biosensor based on GQDs for determination DA and UA had been constructed successfully.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609421

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of modified rapid Carba NP test for the detection of carbapenemase,and analyze the differences between the modified method and Carba NP test.Methods A total of 264 strains of gram-negative bacillus,including 164 carbapenem-resistant strains and 100 sensitive strains,were collected,and their carbapenemase were detected by Carba NP test and the modified rapid Carba NP test,respectively.The differences between the two tests were evaluated based on PCR as a reference.Results Among 164 carbapenem-resistant strains,carbapenemase gene was detected in 144 strains by PCR.The carbapenemase gene was negative in 100 sensitive strains.Among 164 carbapenem-resistant strains,135 were positive for the Carba NP test,while 130 for the modified rapid Carba NP test.One hundred of sensitive strains were negative for the two Carba NP tests.Compared with the results of PCR,the sensitivity,specificity and Kappa value of the Carba NP test were 91.7% (132/144),97.5% (117/120) and 0.886,respectively,while those of the modified rapid Carba NP test were 89.6% (129/144),99.2% (119/120) and 0.879,respectively.There was no significant difference in the positive rates between Carba NP test and the modified rapid Carba NP test (x2 =1.45,P > 0.05).Conclusion The modified rapid Carba NP test which has high consistency with the PCR method,is faster and cheaper than the Carba NP test,and may be applied to epidemiologic survey and the early monitoring of nosocomial infections.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1338-1341, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778488

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of single metastatic hepatic carcinoma (MHC) and solitary necrotic nodule of the liver (SNNL). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for 12 patients with single MHC and 16 patients with SNNL who showed circular enhancement in arterial phase on CEUS. Age, size of lesion, and findings of two-dimensional gray-scale ultrasound and CEUS were compared between the two groups. The two-independent-samples t-test was used for comparison between groups, and the paired t-test was used for comparison within each group. ResultsThe MHC group had a significantly higher mean age than the SNNL group (60.2±11.3 years vs 41.0±9.1 years, t=4.970, P<0.001). The mean diameter of lesion was 2.86±1.22 cm in the MHC group and 2.97±0.96 cm in the SNNL group, and showed no significant difference between the two groups (t=-0.269, P=0.790). In the MHC group, the lesions had complex and uneven echoes and blurred boundaries, while in the SNNL group, most lesions were in the right lobe and were hypoechoic with clear boundaries. No blood flow signals were detected on CDFI in these two groups. Both groups had circular enhancement around the lesions in arterial phase on CEUS, and the mean thickness showed a significant difference between the MHC group and the SNNL group (5.00±1.69 mm vs 2.37±0.87 mm, t=5.374, P<0001). In the MHC group, the area in lesions without enhancement in delayed phase was significantly larger than that in arterial phase (t=-4.508, P=0001), while in the SNNL group, the area in lesions without enhancement showed no significant difference between delayed phase and arterial phase (t=-0.449, P=0.660). ConclusionThe thickness of circular enhancement in arterial phase on CEUS and the presence or absence of the enlargement in the area without enhancement contributes to the differential diagnosis of single MHC and SNNL.

20.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 635-638, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465107

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the diagnostic value of combined detection of blood osteopontin (OPN) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) for in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 142 patients who received post-PCI coronary angiography (CAG) in our hospital were studied. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on if there were ISR condition: ISR group,n=21and Non-ISR group,n=121. The blood levels of OPN and MMP-9 were detected upon the follow-up CAG conduction and the basic clinical information with biochemical indexes were compared between 2 groups. Results: Blood levels of OPN and MMP-9 were signiifcantly higher in ISR group than those in Non-ISR group,P<0.001. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that elevated levels of OPN and MMP-9 were the independent risk factors for post-PCI ISR occurrence (OR=2.861 and OR=3.343,P<0.01). The ROC area of OPN and MMP-9 for predicting post-PCI ISR occurrence were 0.821 and 0.887,P<0.001. Taking the optimal cut off value of OPN at 3.68 ng/ml and MMP-9 at 415.24 ng/ml, the combined detection could increase the sensitivity of detection (90.48%) and the negative predictive value (98.06%). Conclusion: Blood levels of OPN and MMP-9 are closely related to ISR occurrence in post-PCI patients, combined detection has certain predictive value for ISR occurrence, especially for negative predictive value.

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