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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 541-546, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992985

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the MRI features of medulloblastoma (MB) in children, and screen out the key signs that can predict the risk of MB before surgery.Methods:Clinical and radiological data of 62 children with MB confirmed by pathology in Shenzhen Children′s Hospital from December 2012 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the diagnosis and treatment guidelines for children with MB (2021 edition), the patients were divided into standard risk group (43 cases) and high risk group (19 cases). MRI features of MB were observed and recorded, including tumor site, location of tumor center, tumor morphology, signal intensity of T 1WI, T 2WI and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), enhancement pattern, cystic lesion size, location and number, peritumoral edema and hydrocephalus, and the maximum diameter of tumor was measured. The χ 2 test or Fisher exact probability method was used to compare the differences in age, gender and MRI signs between the two groups. The t test of two independent samples was used to compare the differences in the maximum diameter of tumors between the two groups. The indicators with statistically significant differences were included in binary logistic regression analysis to obtain independent influencing factors associated with the risk groups. The receiver operation characteristic curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy. Results:There were significant differences in age ( P=0.026), enhancement pattern ( P=0.018), cystic lesion size ( P=0.005), location ( P=0.011) and number ( P=0.003) between standard risk group and high risk group. There were no significant differences in gender, tumor site, location of tumor center, tumor morphology, signal intensity of T 1WI, T 2WI and DWI, peritumoral edema, hydrocephalus and maximum diameter of tumor between the two groups ( P>0.05). Binary logistic regression results showed the age (OR=0.207, 95%CI 0.040-0.983, P=0.042) and the number of cystic lesions (OR=0.215, 95%CI 0.073-0.630, P=0.005) were the protective factors for MB in high risk group, the enhancement pattern Ⅲ (OR=5.226, 95%CI 1.516-52.920, P=0.048) was the dangerous factor for MB in high risk group. The area under the curve of the combined diagnosis of high risk MB was 0.845 (95%CI 0.741-0.949). Conclusions:The age and MRI signs the pattern of tumor enhancement Ⅲ and the number of cystic lesion can be used to predict the risk grouping of MB preoperatively. When the child is younger and MB enhancement pattern is mainly peripheral enhancement without obvious cystic change, it may indicate high risk MB.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1157-1163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010919

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize clinical predictors and imaging characteristics of critically ill children infected with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron with neurological complications in Shenzhen during the peak of the first round of infections.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 11 critically ill children with neurological complications infected with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from December 12 to 31, 2022, were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Laboratory test results related to liver parenchymal injury, histiocytic injury, inflammation, and coagulation function were collected, and imaging characteristics including CT and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were analyzed. The differences in CT/MRI score, acute necrotizing encephalopathy severity scale (ANE-SS) score and total score (CT/MRI score + ANE-SS score) were compared between the two groups with different prognosis during hospitation.@*RESULTS@#Among 11 children, 7 were male and 4 were female. The age ranged from 10 months to 16 years. There were 5 cases of acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) and 6 cases of acute fulminant cerebral edema (AFCE). During hospitalization, 3 patients survived and 8 patients died of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), including 2 cases of ANE and 6 cases of AFCE. All cases had fever (> 38.5 centigrade), and 3 cases had ultra-high fever (> 41 centigrade). Within 48 hours of onset, all cases had disorders of consciousness and 9 cases had seizures. The 8 dead children had complications with multisystem involvement, including shock, respiratory failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), liver failure, renal failure or myocardial damage, and the laboratory predictors related to hepatocellular injury [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST)], histocyte injury [creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)], inflammation [procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin-6 (IL-6), serum ferritin (SF)], coagulation function (D-dimer) and blood glucose (Glu) increased in different quantities, of which PCT was specifically increased in 6 cases with AFCE, PLT was specifically decreased in 3 cases with AFCE, and ALT and LDH were significantly increased in 2 cases with ANE. Imaging analysis showed subarachnoid hemorrhage, basal ganglia and thalamus lesions in all 6 cases with AFCE, while thalamus lesions in all 5 cases with ANE. The ANE-SS score of 8 deceased children ranged from 2 to 7 (of which 6 cases were ≥ 5), and the ANE-SS score of 3 surviving children ranged from 0 to 2. Eight dead children had a CT/MRI score of 1-4 (of which 6 cases were 4), and 3 surviving children had a CT/MRI score of 1-2 (of which 2 cases were 1). The total score of 8 deceased children was 6-10 (of which 6 cases ≥ 8), and 3 surviving children was 1-4.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The neurological complications of critically ill children infected with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron in Shenzhen progressed rapidly to ANE and AFCE, with high mortality. High fever (> 40 centigrade), convulsion/disturbance of consciousness, and multiple organ failure were the most common symptoms in ANE and AFCE cases. PCT increased and PLT decreased specifically in AFCE cases. Poor prognosis (death) was more common in age < 4 years old, predictors of ALT, AST, CK, LDH, PCT, D-dimer, Glu, IL-6 increased significantly, PLT decreased significantly. The common imaging feature of ANE and AFCE is the involvement of dorsal thalamus, a new imaging sign of AFCE (subarachnoid hemorrhage) was found. The higher the ANE-SS score, CT/MRI score and total score, the greater the risk of death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , SARS-CoV-2 , Interleukin-6 , Retrospective Studies , Critical Illness , COVID-19/complications , Procalcitonin , Inflammation , Brain Diseases/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 177-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932912

ABSTRACT

Molecular nuclear medicine is a new subject that uses nuclear medicine technology to study the changes of molecular level in organisms in order to understand their functional changes. 2021 Radiological Society of North America annual meeting has more than 40 academic reports on molecular nuclear medicine. The main content includes new tracers and new imaging methods in tumors (prostate cancer, breast cancer, rectal cancer, etc.) and other diseases (Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Alzheimer′s disease, Parkinson′s disease, etc.). This article reviews the relevant research progress.

4.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 412-417, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955077

ABSTRACT

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD)is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by alveolar and pulmonary microvascular dysplasia.It happens in premature infants, which is a major cause of death and long-term complications in premature infants.Chest radiology examination is essential for BPD, which not only reveals main radiological features such as pulmonary hyperinflation, pulmonary fibrosis and atelectasis, but also evaluates the severity and progression.These provide significant information for clinical treatment and follow-up study of children with BPD.

5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1836-1840, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954845

ABSTRACT

Hemispherectomy (HS) is an effective surgical therapy to treat refractory epilepsy caused by diffuse hemispheric disorders.After HS surgery, the seizures are often well controlled in patients, and the bilateral limb motor function improves even recovers in some children.This result reveals the strong neuronal plasticity of the brain.The brain, especially of young children, can achieve functional reorganization and cortical remodeling after extensive damage.Multimodal magnetic resonance imaging techniques can jointly analyze the structure and function of the brain and associated neuroimaging features to reveal the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying improved motor function.In this paper, the progress of multimodal magnetic resonance imaging research on motor function alterations in children after hemispherectomy was reviewed.

6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 285-288, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the brain functional fluctuation of benign epilepsy in children with central-temporal spikes(BECTS) by using ReHo algorithm based on the resting-state brain functional imaging, and to explore the connection of the brain function and changes of the connection pattern, so as to find the damage of the cognitive function of BECTS children in the early stage.Method:s Perspectiveness and simple random selection of 20 BECTS children and 20 healthy control children admitted to Shenzhen Children′s Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were conducted for basic information collection and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) testing in a resting-state.Result:s Significantly lower ReHo value appeared in the default mode network (DMN) area, and the precuneus (voxel=422, t=-5.085 6), cuneus (voxel=85, t=-4.240 3), angular gyrus (voxel=191, t=-4.681 2), cingulate cortex (voxel=313, t=-5.238 2), anterior central gyrus (voxel=12, t=-3.482 7), and supplementary motor area (voxel=1 356, t-6.596 2). The significantly increased ReHo was found in the bilateral cerebellum (voxel=71, t=5.658 2), right superior temporal gyrus (voxel=24, t= 5.184 0), operculum insulae (voxel=337, t=6.814 9), left parietal lobe (voxel=12, t=4.378 7), and inferior parietal lobule (voxel=11, t=3.433 7). Conclusions:Significant impairment of DMN, Wernicke and angular gyrus functions in BECTS children may be one of the mechanisms of cognitive dysfunction.Enhanced sensorimotor area and cortical brain functions near the operculum insulae and central sulcus lead to seizures with typical clinical symptoms.fMRI has a high specificity and sensitivity for evaluating the brain function of children with BECTS, and it can detect the impairment of cognitive function in children with this type of epilepsy at an early stage.

7.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 108-111, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702373

ABSTRACT

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common clinical type of epilepsy,which is generally available for drug therapy.Surgical operation will be considered when patients developing into refractory epilepsy.Currently,treatment response evaluation is based on the observation of seizure remission in a certain period,and the real-time and objective evaluation is unavailable.With the improvement of MRI technology and image analysis methods,the multimodal MRI has been widely used to assess the effectiveness of TLE treatment.The progresses of multi-modal MRI and its new technique in assessment of epilepsy remission and cognitive function in TLE patients were reviewed in this article.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Library and Information Science ; (12): 13-16, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607818

ABSTRACT

A database model of ontology was established by mining the EMR-covered data according to the con-cept of fuzzy vector space model with Kawasaki disease as an example. The evidence and model for the diagnosis and treatment of Kawasaki disease were detected fromthe EMR of Kawasaki disease in the database model of ontolo-gy in order to help the clinicians to make its differential diagnosis and improve its treatment plan, thus achieving the effective EMR data mining and promoting the computer-aided clinical decision-making.

9.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 321-324, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497804

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and summarize the clinical and high-resolution computed tomography(HRCT) characteristics of invasive pulmonary fungal infections(IPFIs)in children.Methods Clinical and HRCT data of 35 cases with IPFIs admitted in our hospital between March 2007 and July 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The clinical and HRCT characteristics were summarized.Results Thirty-five patients consisted of 23 boys and 12 girls with mean age of(3.2±1.9) years.Host factors included acute leukemia (n=12),primary immunodeficiency disease (n=4),congenital heart disease (n=2),cerebral palsy (n=2),severe influenza A infection (H1N1) (n=2),ichthyosis (n=1),acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(n=1),systemic lupus erythematous (n=1),tubercular meningitis(n=1),mechanical ventilation(n=2).All patients were treated with broad-spectrum antibiotic,ranking by descending order:third-generation cephalosporins (28 cases),carbapenems(19 cases)and vancomycin (18 cases).Seventeen cases were treated with corticosteroids systemically and 12 cases with acute leukemia took antineoplastic medicine.The symptoms of IPFIs were intermittent or persistent fever,cough and rales.HRCT results:nodules (n=25,71.4%),subpleural patchy opacities (n=24,68.6%),mass (>3cm) (n=4,11.4%),halo sign (n=27,77.1%),cavities (n=8,22.9%),air crescent sign (n=4,11.4%),miliary nodules (n=2,5.7%),pleural effusion (n=14,40%).Conclusion There are certain specific characteristics of IPFIs in children in clinical and HRCT aspects.The possible diagnosis of IPFIs can be made based on clinical and HRCT features.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 252-255, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486873

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the MRI features of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) in central nervous system (CNS) in children. Methods Clinical and MRI data of 25 cases with LCH in CNS from three children's hospitals between January 2009 and December 2014 were retrospectively studied. All cases were confirmed by surgery or biopsy. All cases underwent non?contrast and contrast pituitary and/or cranial MRI examinations. The location, morphology, MRI signal and enhanced patterns of LCH lesions were observed and analyzed. Result A total of 17 cases had hypothalamic-pituitary LCH, with 2 of them complicated with pineal cyst, 2 complicated with brain parenchymal lesions, and one complicated with both pineal cyst and brain parenchymal lesions. MR images showed that neurohypophysis lost its original hyper?intensity on T1WI, and nodular or homogeneous thickening was seen in the pituitary stalks. Dura matter was involved in 3 cases, 2 of them had single lesion, and the other one got multiple lesions. Neoplasm in choroid plexus was seen in trigone of left lateral ventricles in one case. Three cases with pineal gland involved demonstrated cystic change. Four cases had gray matter involved, with cerebellar dentate nuclei involvement in 2 cases, and both thalamus and basal ganglia involvement in the other two cases. Three cases showed white matter involvement without obvious Virchow-Robin space enlargement and brain atrophy. Conclusions MR imaging of LCH in CNS shows certain specific characteristics. The diagnosis can be made comprehensively based on both clinic features and other imaging findings.

11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 539-542, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477306

ABSTRACT

Myocarditis refers to inflammatory disease of the myocardium caused by variety patho-gens,90%of patients are asymptomatic.A new and effective screening method is badly needed.Lake Louise standard cardiac MRI has become the non-invasive alternative diagnostic methods for myocarditis(instead of myocardial biopsy),as it can not only to show myocardial injury site,but can also reveal the extent of myo-cardial edema,fibrosis repair in late phase.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 771-774, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351481

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the pathology, imaging and clinical features of a child with trisomy 21 syndrome associated interstitial lung disease.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Data of a case with trisomy 21 syndrome associated interstitial lung disease confirmed by lung imaging and pathology were collected, analyzed and the related reports in literature were reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The patient was a one year and 7 months old boy who suffered from severe pneumonia and recurrent infection during his hospital stay. When his disease was stable, he did not have shortness of breath and cyanosis, but a chest computed tomography (CT) showed ground-glass opacity, regional emphysema, band-like change in lung parenchyma, which indicated interstitial lung diseases. Unequal air inflation in bilateral lungs and diffuse over-distension of peripheral air spaces in lung surface were seen through thoracoscope. Pathological examination indicated that alveolar, alveolar ducts and alveolar sac were enlarged, alveolar septa was expanded. There were two reports in lung pathology of trisomy 21 syndrome, alveolar growth abnormalities was seen in 86%-88% cases. The multiple subpleural cysts in chest CT was characteristic. Clinically, trisomy 21 syndrome had high morbidity of respiratory tract infection and progress to respiratory failure frequently. Prolonged postoperative desaturation was constant which required long duration of respiratory support.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Trisomy 21 syndrome associated alveolar growth abnormalities were confirmed, which manifest as alveolar simplification in pathology and interstitial lung diseases in imaging. The risk of respiratory failure in these cases caused by infection and surgery should be considered.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Cysts , Pathology , Down Syndrome , Lung , Pathology , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Diagnosis , Postoperative Period , Pulmonary Alveoli , Pathology , Respiratory Insufficiency , Respiratory Tract Infections , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 472-474, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387813

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the objective factors that affect the image quality of infant cranial CT using different mAs. Materials and Methods Ninety infants were divided into three groups randomly. The maximum anteroposterior diameter (MAPD) of skull of each infant was measured. Three reference levels, cerebellar, basal ganglia and centrum semiovale levels were selected respectively. Only one level was studied in each group and scanned with 150, 100 and 80 mAs. The subjective quality grade and the objective noise of all images were recorded and analysed statistically. Result The average MAPD of ninety patients was (148.0 ± 17.4)mm. On the cerebellar level, the subjective quality grade was lower than the other two levels, which were 6.3% , 9.4% and 22.9% respectively when mAs were 150, 100 and 80 mAs. Both quality grade of image and objective noise were significantly correlated with MAPD.Conclusion The inherent high noise of cerebellar level and MAPD were the objective factors that affect the image quality of low-dose cranial CT of infant.

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