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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1341-1346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998761

ABSTRACT

Heat stress refers to a series of stress reactions such as heat balance disturbance and physiological dysfunction when the body is exposed to the thermal environment for a long time. Studies have found that heat stress can damage intestinal morphology, such as length of intestinal villi, number of goblet cells, and depth of the crypt, affecting the digestion and absorption functions. It also can increase the permeability of the intestinal barrier by damaging the tight junction of the intestinal epithelium, which in turn allows endotoxin and bacteria to enter the blood circulation from the intestinal cavity to cause a systemic inflammatory response. At the same time, heat stress can disrupt the homeostasis of intestinal microbiota, increase pathogenic bacteria, and change downstream metabolites such as short-chain fatty acids. In addition, heat stress can inhibit the occurrence of hippocampal neurons and reduce the number of neurons; decrease the density of synapses; damage important organelles of neurons; induce inflammation of the central nervous system, and then lead to cognitive dysfunction. The brain-gut axis is a two-way signal axis between the intestine and the brain. Intestinal microorganisms and the intestinal barrier can participate in central nervous system regulation, and the brain can change the intestinal homeostatic function and affect the quality of the intestinal barrier through the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis). The interaction plays an essential role in the body's homeostasis. Therefore, this article reviewed current understandings on the impacts of heat stress on the gut and cognitive function, aiming to provide a reference for subsequent research.

2.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 307-311, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994670

ABSTRACT

The review summarizes the risk factors, diagnostic criteria and perioperative control strategies of acute kidney injury in pediatric liver transplantation, aiming to provide rationales for proper managements.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1153-1158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the Risk factors for rapid progression of inpatients with anti-melanoma differentiation associated gene5 (MDA5) antibody-positive dermamyositis (DM) complicated with interstitial lung disease (ILD), and construct a clinical predictive model.Methods:A total of 63 hospitalized patients with anti MDA5 positive DM combined with ILD (MDA5+ DM-ILD) from January 1, 2016 to May 30, 2022 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of the Air Force Military Medical University were included in the study. They were divided into a control group (DM-ILD) and an observation group (DM-RPPILD) based on whether they had rapidly progressing interstitial lung disease (RPILD). Retrospective collection and organization of clinical case data from patients were conducted, and binary logistic regression was used to summarize the risk factors of DM-RPILD. R software was used to construct a clinical prediction model for RPILD occurrence using training set data, and validation set data was used to verify the predictive ability of the model.Results:The proportion of patients with SpO 2<90% at the initial diagnosis of ILD, the titers of anti MDA5 antibodies, immunoglobulin M (IgM), serum ferritin (FER) levels, and positive rates of anti Ro52 antibodies in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, the lymphocyte (LYM) count level was lower than that of the control group (all P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed SpO 2<90% at the initial diagnosis of ILD, FER level, LYM count, and anti Ro52 antibody were the influencing factors for the occurrence of RPILD (all P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of the training set prediction model for predicting resistance to MDA5+ DM-RPILD was 0.922(95% CI: 0.887-0.957), with a sensitivity of 95.7% and a specificity of 72.5%; In the validation set, the prediction model predicted an AUC of 0.939(95% CI: 0.904-0.974) for resistance to MDA5+ DM-RPILD, with a sensitivity of 90.0% and a specificity of 88.9%; The calibration curves of the training and validation sets indicated that the predictive model had good calibration ability. Conclusions:SpO 2<90% at the initial diagnosis of ILD, FER levels increase, LYM count levels decrease, and anti Ro52 antibody positivity are risk factors for RPILD. The constructed clinical model has good predictive ability and has certain guiding significance for clinical work.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2858-2866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003277

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine whether HBV DNA polymerase is associated with T-cell failure and thus mediates the immune escape of HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumor cells, and to investigate the specific molecular mechanisms. MethodsLiver cancer cell lines Huh7 and HepG2 stably transfected with HBV DNA polymerase expression plasmid with Flag (Flag-HBV-P) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM1) were co-cultured with Jurkat cells, and MTT assay, qRT-PCR, and ELISA were used to measure Jurkat cell proliferation, activation (CD69 expression), and secretion of the cytokine IFN-γ. RNA-seq was used to screen for differentially expressed immune-associated molecules between stably transfected cell lines and control cells, and mRNA half-life and protein half-life assays were used to determine the specific levels of the immune-associated molecules that were affected by HBV DNA polymerase. Related websites were used to predict the transcription factors that may bind to the promoter region of this immune-associated molecule, Western blot was used to verify the effect of transcription factors on the immune-associated molecule, and rescue experiment was used to determine whether HBV DNA polymerase affects the expression level of the immune-associated molecule through this transcription factor. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison between two groups. ResultsThe experimental group had significant reductions in Jurkat cell proliferation, activation, and cytokine secretion compared with the control group (all P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the experimental group (Huh7 and HepG2 cell lines) had significant reductions in the mRNA and protein expression levels of ICAM1 (all P<0.01). Website prediction identified the ICAM1 promoter and preliminarily highlighted NFKB1, RELA, and STAT3. Compared with the control group, the experimental group (Huh7 and HepG2 cell lines) had a significant reduction in the protein expression level of p65 (all P<0.01). After p65 overexpression, there was a significant increase in the protein expression level of ICAM1, and after the expression of p65 was reduced, there was a significant reduction in the protein expression level of ICAM1 (all P<0.01). In the rescue experiment, there was no significant difference in the protein expression level of ICAM1 between the control group and the experimental group after p65 overexpression (all P>0.05). After the overexpression of ICAM1, there were no significant differences in the proliferation, activation, and cytokine secretion of Jurkat cells between the control group and the experimental group (Huh7 and HepG2 cell lines) (all P>0.05). ConclusionHBV DNA polymerase downregulates the level of ICAM1 to mediate HCC immune escape by inhibiting the expression of p65 in NF-κB.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1956-1975, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982838

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and metabolic disorders are major components of noncommunicable diseases, causing an enormous health and economic burden worldwide. There are common risk factors and developmental mechanisms among them, indicating the far-reaching significance in exploring the corresponding therapeutic targets. MST1/2 kinases are well-established proapoptotic effectors that also bidirectionally regulate autophagic activity. Recent studies have demonstrated that MST1/2 influence the outcome of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases by regulating immune inflammation. In addition, drug development against them is in full swing. In this review, we mainly describe the roles and mechanisms of MST1/2 in apoptosis and autophagy in cardiovascular and metabolic events as well as emphasis on the existing evidence for their involvement in immune inflammation. Moreover, we summarize the latest progress of pharmacotherapy targeting MST1/2 and propose a new mode of drug combination therapy, which may be beneficial to seek more effective strategies to prevent and treat CVDs and metabolic disorders.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 824-827, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996000

ABSTRACT

The outpatient and emergency electronic medical record system is an important part of the hospital information system. By analyzing the current outpatient and emergency electronic medical record system in hospitals in China, this paper rounded up weaknesses in the development of the outpatient and emergency electronic medical record system in terms of management standards, support, technology bottleneck, data sharing and security. On such basis, the authors suggested to improve the policy standards, clarify the construction objectives, increase the support, optimize the system functions and strengthen the security management, which aimed at promoting the high-quality development of the construction of outpatient and emergency electronic medical record system in China′s hospitals.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 797-800, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006678

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the clinical features of Omicron and Delta cases, so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. 【Methods】 The case-control study method was used to retrospectively analyze the clinical data of the Omicron cases admitted to the designated hospital for the treatment of COVID-19 in Xi’an from December 2021 to January 2022. and the Delta cases admitted during the same period were used as the control group. The demographic data, epidemiological history, vaccination status, clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, nucleic acid and antibody levels, and outcomes of patients in the two groups were collected and compared. 【Results】 A total of 21 patients were included in the study, 5 were Omicron patients and 16 were Delta cases. The mean age of the patients in the two groups were (38.20±15.07) and (37.69±10.39) years, respectively.The time interval between the last vaccination and the diagnosis was (145.40±77.92) days and (159.00±99.74) days, respectively. For the initial symptoms, the patients with Omicron were mainly characterized by throat discomfort (3, 60%), cough and sputum (2, 40%), and the patients with Delta were mainly characterized by throat discomfort (5, 31.25%), fatigue (5, 31.25%), cough and sputum (4, 25%). On admission, laboratory tests showed that 60% of Omicron patients had low lymphocytes and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and 50% of patients in the delta group had elevated hemoglobin. The Ct values of ORFlab gene, N gene and E gene with Omicron were lower than those with Delta. And the difference of E gene between the two groups was statistically significant (t=-2.711, P=0.024). IgG antibody levels increased in both groups.The time for nucleic acid to turn negative with Omicron was (28.20±5.89) days, and it was (18.50±7.73) days with Delta, and the difference between the groups was statistically significant (t=2.565, P=0.019). The length of hospitalization with Omicron was (30.60±4.88) days, and that with Delta was (22.13±7.81) days, and the difference was statistically significant (t=2.270, P=0.035). 【Conclusions】 The initial symptoms of Omicron patients are mainly throat discomfort, cough and sputum. The clinical manifestations are generally mild. The nucleic acid test Ct value is lower. The time for nucleic acid to turn negative and the time for hospitalization are longer, and the potential infectiousness is stronger. Those eligible for vaccination should complete the full course of vaccination and booster vaccination as soon as possible. At the same time, the management of "early detection, early reporting, early isolation, and early treatment" should be implemented.

8.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 856-860, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006637

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) with conventional imaging in pancreatic occupying lesions so as to provide guidance for the diagnosis of pancreatic occupying lesions. 【Methods】 We selected patients who underwent EUS in the Digestive Endoscopy Room of The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from September 2012 to December 2019 and were strictly screened by ultrasound endoscopists and diagnosed as pancreatic space-occupying lesions as the study subjects, and collected routine imaging examination results and related information and data of the patients (age, gender, tumor markers, blood amylase, urine amylase, and serum lipase) at the same time. We compared the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EUS and conventional imaging methods in the diagnosis of pancreatic space-occupying lesions, and evaluated their diagnostic value. 【Results】 A total of 188 cases were included, with more male ones than female ones. The age of patients in the tumor group was higher than that in the non-tumor group, and the levels of tumor markers serum CA-199 and CEA were significantly higher than those in the non-tumor group. The diagnostic sensitivity of pancreatic space-occupying lesions supported EUS (95.5%), which was significantly better than that of transabdominal ultrasound (54.4%), plain CT (57.1%), enhanced CT (75%), MRI (66.7%), PET-CT (72.7%) and other conventional imaging examination methods. The diagnostic accuracy of pancreatic space-occupying lesions supported EUS (91.5%), better than transabdominal ultrasound (58.3%), plain CT (57.1%), enhanced CT (74.6%), MRI (62.5%), and PET-CT (66.7%). The negative predictive value of the diagnosis of pancreatic space-occupying lesions supported EUS (76.7%), better than transabdominal ultrasound (27.9%), plain CT (22.9%), and enhanced CT (38.1%). 【Conclusion】 In the diagnosis of pancreatic space-occupying lesions, EUS is significantly better than conventional imaging methods such as transabdominal ultrasound, plain CT, enhanced CT, MRI, and PET-CT, and the negative predictive value of EUS is significantly better than that of transabdominal ultrasound, plain CT and enhanced CT.

9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 166-170, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920617

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression among inpatients with AIDS and its influencing factors, so as to provide the evidence for improving the psychological health among inpatients with AIDS.@*Methods@#The inpatients with AIDS that were hospitalized in an infectious disease hospital in Chengdu City were recruited using the convenient sampling method. The demographic features, depression and anxiety were collected using a self-designed questionnaire, Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale ( SDS ), respectively, and factors affecting the development of depression and anxiety were identified using a multivariable linear regression model among inpatients with AIDS.@*Results@#The 228 AIDS inpatients included 186 men (81.58%) and 42 women ( 18.42% ), and had a mean age of ( 48.04±16.03 ) years. There were 113 inpatients ( 49.56% ) with a CD4+T cell count of ≤200 cells/μL, and the mean SAS and SDS standardized scores were 35.87±8.01 and 42.07±11.08 among AIDS inpatients, which were both significantly greater than in normal populations ( P<0.05 ). The prevalence rates of anxiety, depression, and comorbid anxiety and depression were 5.26%, 16.23% and 4.82% among the participants, respectively. Multivariable linear regression analysis identified unemployment as a risk factor of anxiety ( β'=0.168, P<0.05 ), and CD4+T cell count as a risk factor of anxiety ( β'=-0.151, P<0.05 ) and depression ( β'=-0.238, P<0.05 ) among inpatients with AIDS.@*Conclusions@#Anxiety and depression are prevalent among inpatients with AIDS. Unemployment and a low CD4+T cell count may cause a rise in the risk of developing anxiety and depression among inpatients with AIDS.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1228-1232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the genetic variants of a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) combined with epilepsy, and explore its possible pathogenic mechanism.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the child were collected and evaluated, whole-exome sequencing (WES) technology was used to explore the genetic variants sites of the child and his parents and candidate genes were filtered out. Sanger sequencing were performed to verify the variants identified by WES and PolyPhen2 was utilized to predict the function of these variants. qPCR was carry out to determine the expression of the variant gene.@*RESULTS@#The proband carried a compound heterozygous mutation in the SIK3 gene (Chr11 q23.3, NM_025164.6), which contains a missense mutation c.1295A>G (p.N432S) inherited from the father and a deletion [c.2389_2391del(p.797del)] inherited from the mother. Both mutation sites are highly conservative, and PolyPhen2 predicted (c.1295A>G [p.N432S]) to be harmful. Compared to the mother, expression of SIK3in mRNA level in the peripheral blood of the proband and his father were both significantly decreased; compared to normal child, SIK3 expression in the peripheral blood of the proband and two other children with ASD were all decreased significantly too. In addition, studies on mice found that Sik3 gene has a marked higher level of expression in the brain.@*CONCLUSION@#The SIK3 gene variants may probably be associated with ASD. The detailed mechanism needs to be studied further, which may involve lipid metabolism dysfunction in the brain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Epilepsy/genetics , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Protein Kinases , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Exome Sequencing
11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 735-739, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011652

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the application value of preoperative gastroscopic carbon nanoparticles labeling in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastric cancer surgery. 【Methods】 We included cases of laparoscopic radical gastric cancer surgery at The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from January 2017 to December 2019. Some cases received submucosal injection of carbon nanoparticles under the gastroscope before surgery. The effects of carbon nanoparticles labeling on the number of lymph nodes detected, operation duration and surgical complications were compared and analyzed. 【Results】 A total of 397 patients undergoing laparoscopic radical gastric cancer surgery were enrolled. Among them, 78 cases underwent gastroscopic carbon nanoparticles tracer labeling before operation. No complications were observed. The total number of lymph nodes detected by pathology after surgery in the carbon nanoparticles group significantly increased [(22.0(4.0) vs. 22.0(3.0), P=0.033)] while the operation time significantly reduced [(185.0±37.48)min vs. (213.4±23.66)min, P<0.001] compared with those in the control group. New gastric cancer lesions were revealed by gastroscopy in three cases (3.8%) of carbon nanoparticles labeling, and the original planned operation method was changed in two cases (2.6%). 【Conclusion】 Preoperative endoscopic carbon nanoparticles tracer labeling can not only help shorten the time of laparoscopic radical surgery for gastric cancer and increase the number of total lymph nodes detected for more accurate TNM staging, but also provide an opportunity for the discovery of synchronous multiple gastric cancer.

12.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 909-914, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011649

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the characteristics of drug-induced liver injury (DILI). 【Methods】 A total of 348 cases of DILI treated in The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2017 were collected and divided into the elderly group (96 cases) and the young and middle-aged group (252 cases). We comprehensively described and analyzed the composition of underlying diseases, DILI drug use, clinical manifestations, the relationship between DILI classification and liver function, and prognostic factors. 【Results】 In the elderly group, the top three underlying diseases were cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, digestive system diseases, diabetes, and metabolic diseases. In the young and middle-aged patients, the top three were digestive system diseases, respiratory system diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. In either of the two groups, all kinds of traditional Chinese medicine preparations accounted for the largest proportion, which was 50.0% and 47.6%, respectively. Among DILI patients, hepatocyte type was the most common, accounting for 53.3%, followed by cholestasis type (23.7%), and mixed type (22.8%). Age (OR=0.977), length of hospital stay (OR=0.947) and immunosuppressant (OR=0.073) were protective factors for the prognosis of DILI patients, while aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (OR=1.001) was a risk factor for the prognosis of DILI patients. 【Conclusion】 The underlying diseases of DILI patients are complex, and there are many kinds of pathogenic drugs. Special attention should be paid to the liver injury of traditional Chinese medicine, and the clinical manifestations are lack of specificity. The prognosis of DILI patients is generally good, which still needs clinical attention, and the biochemical monitoring of liver function should be strengthened for key groups.

13.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 103-107, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006779

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 has become a pandemic. The transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is strong, and the population is generally susceptible. The virus enters target cells via angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 as a cellular receptor.Spike protein is activated by serine protease TMPRSS2. The virus can cause damage to multiple organs, and there are currently no specific drugs for this virus. However, several assessments and studies have been carried out. At present, the epidemic situation in China has been effectively controlled. However,the number of infections abroad has increased rapidly. Therefore, the epidemic situation in foreign countries is still very serious. The global epidemic prevention and control work is facing huge challenges. In order to effectively prevent and treat coronavirus disease 2019, this article reviews the etiology, pathological mechanism, pathological manifestations, and development of therapeutic drugs for coronavirus disease 2019.

14.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 211-218, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006739

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To understand the current status of medical staff’s awareness of hospital infection prevention and control during the epidemic of COVID-19 in Shaanxi Province and analyze its influencing factors. 【Methods】 The questionnaire was designed on the "Questionnaire Star" website. Based on the WeChat platform, a voluntary sampling method was used to invite online questionnaires. From March 13 to 29, we collected a total of 8037 questionnaires, 30 of which did not meet the requirements and had logical problems, and finally 8 007 valid questionnaires were obtained. 【Results】 A total of 8 007 medical staff were surveyed. Among them, Medical staff of Grade 3A, Grade 3B, Grade 2A, and Grade 2B hospital accounted for 39.6%, 2.3%, 55.3%, and 2.6%, respectively. The average age of the respondents was (32.1±7.2) years old, including 7 199 nurses and 501 doctors. The training effect was statistically significant in different regions, different hospital levels, whether it was a designated hospital and whether there were sensor control supervisors, as well as medical staff of different specialty, professional title, and work area (all P<0.01). The basic cognitive situation of the surveyed subjects showed that most medical staff in Shaanxi Province had a correct rate of less than 30% in whether they needed to disinfect before de-protection and how to disinfect the hospital environment. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that the cognition level of medical staff in Grade A hospitals was significantly lower than that in Grade A hospitals (P<0.01). The cognition level of medical staff in designated hospitals was significantly higher than that of others (P<0.01). The cognition level of medical staff in hospitals with sensory control supervisors was significantly higher than that of others (P<0.01). The cognition level of people aged 25-34 and 35-44 was significantly lower than those aged 45 and above (all P<0.01). The cognition level of medical technicians and service personnel was significantly lower than that of doctors (P=0.02 and <0.01, respectively). The cognition level of medical staff with intermediate, associate senior, and senior professional titles was significantly higher than the cognition level of those with junior and below professional titles (all P<0.01). The cognition level of medical staff in fever clinics, emergency departments, isolation wards, ICU and other surgeries was significantly higher than that of those working in ordinary outpatient department (P=0.01, 0.03, <0.01, 0.02, and <0.01 respectively). 【Conclusion】 Most medical staff in Shaanxi Province have misunderstandings about whether they need to disinfect before de-protection and how to disinfect the hospital environment. Moreover, we found that the awareness of medical staff in Shaanxi Province of hospital infection prevention and control during the epidemic of COVID-19 was affected by the hospital’s level, whether it was a designated hospital, whether there were sensor control supervisors, as well as the age, specialty, professional title and work area of the medical staff.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 389-391,426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006714

ABSTRACT

The new type of coronavirus pneumonia referred to as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), became pandemic globally, causing tens of millions of infections. The establishment of a sound prevention and control system is particularly important for disease prevention and control. In the process of admission and treatment of COVID-19 patients, we have established an effective rapid prevention and control system for special infections in the hospital. Through the establishment of a hospital-level emergency response and first aid training system, the closed-loop communication between hospitals, departments and medical care is quick to respond. We categorize treatment according to patients’ condition, provide rapid feedback and return, implement the specific responsibility system for special personnel, improve the rapid prevention and control system for special infections, and apply it to the prevention and control of the epidemic of COVID-19 patients in the region, and achieve the effectiveness of the anti-epidemic through comprehensive management measures. The control has achieved zero infection among medical staff and within the hospital, ensuring that the hospital can quickly resume daily work at the end of the epidemic, and has certain promotion and demonstration value.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 674-677, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912824

ABSTRACT

Patient diagnosis and treatment data are scattered in various clinical systems related to electronic medical records(EMR). The data can be better applied to the emergency prevention and control, medical research and government supervision only through unified integration. The authors analyzed the construction level of the EMR system in medical institutions, and sorted out the problems faced by directly extracting the diagnosis and treatment data of patients through the EMR system, including the lack of patient-centered integration of data, insufficient application depth of the EMR system, insufficient data standardization, lack of data and so on. Public health emergencies posed a severe challenge to the extraction of EMR data.For medical institutions with different information construction levels, the authors gave a feasibility analysis of data extraction by classification and time period, and suggested that medical institutions should fundamentally strengthen the understanding of information, establish data standard system and realize data integration and unified management.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 154-157, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application status and problems of clinical decision support system(CDSS) in medical institutions in China, and put forward corresponding suggestions.Methods:From April to May in 2020, a questionnaire survey was conducted in 1 013 medical institutions in 31 provinces of China. The contents of the questionnaire included the current situation of CDSS installation and deployment, the purpose of establishment, the source of knowledge base, the content to be optimized and the factors hindering the use.Results:199(19.64%) medical institutions had CDSS, among which 123 were used in the whole hospital and 76 in some departments; 426 medical institutions did not use CDSS, but had plans to use it. It was found that the current CDSS system had setbacks, such as big cognitive difference, lack of authority in knowledge, high difficulty in data governance, lack of industry standards and so on.Conclusions:In the future, the standardized use of CDSS in medical institutions could be promoted from the aspects of raising awareness, establishing knowledge authority and establishing standards.

18.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 455-459, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the immune response in mice after immunization with vaccine of rAd5F35-SIVenvT in combination with rMVA-SIVenvT to evaluate the efficacy of different immunization strategies.Methods:Two recombinant viruses were identified in vitro by PCR and Western blot. The BALB/c mice were immunized with homologous and heterologous immune strategies. The numbers of splenic lymphocytes secreting IFN-γ were measured by ELISPOT assay, meanwhile SIV gp120 antibody titer were measured by ELISA assay. Results:SIVenvT protein was expressed effectively by rAd5F35-SIVenvT and rMVA-SIVenvT in HEK293 cells. The specific immune response reached its peak at 4-week post first immunization, then decreased. SIV Env specific cellular immune response and SIV gp120 specific antibody could be detected at 4-16 weeks post first immunization. The specific cellular response was significant stronger in heterologous immunization group than homologous group at 4 week and 16 week. Furthermore, heterologous immunization induced significant higher titer of SIV gp120 antibody at 4 week than homologous group.Conclusions:Specific immune response induced by rAd5F35-SIVenvT in combination with rMVA-SIVenvT was stronger than homologous vector immunization. The results provided references for further study in nonhuman primates.

19.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2622-2628, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To revise the Chinese version of Caregiver Task Inventory (CTI-C) and to evaluate its reliability and validity in family members of mental disorder patients.Methods:Chinese version of Caregiver Task Inventory was revised and adjusted and a survey in a convenience sample of 175 family members of mental disorder patients treated in Jining Psychiatric Hospital was conducted with revised Chinese version of Caregiver Task Inventory (CTI-RC). Two weeks later, another survey 30 of the 175 participants with the CTI-RC were carried out for retesting. After that, item analysis, content validity analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis and confirmatory factor analysis for the CTI-RC were implemented.Results:The CTI-RC included five common factors: learning to cope with new role, providing care according to care-receiver′s needs, managing own emotional needs, appraising supportive resources, balancing caregiving needs and own needs, covering 25 items. The reliability analysis showed that Cronbach α of the CTI-RC and its 5 factors of learning to cope with new role, providing care according to care-receiver′s needs, managing own emotional needs, appraising supportive resources, balancing caregiving needs and own needs was 0.850, 0.871, 0.887, 0.817, 0.851, 0.841, respectively. The test-retest reliability of the CTI-RC was 0.878.Conclusions:The revised Chinese version of Caregiver Task Inventory has good reliability and validity, and thus, appear to assess valid dimensions of caring ability in family member of individuals with mental disorders.

20.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 386-394, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish an electrophysiological model of alcoholic cardiomyopathy by inducing pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to differentiate into cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CM) in vitro.@*METHODS@#The human iPSC were expanded in vitro and differentiated into iPSC-CM. The iPSC-CM were divided into a blank control group, an alcoholic experiment group (according to the concentration of alcoholic, the alcoholic experiment was also divided into many subgroups), and a KN93 treatment group. Then the efficiency of iPSC differentiated to iPSC-CM was detected by immunofluorescence, the function of iPSC-CM was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity assay kit. The electrophysiological activity of iPSC-CM was monitored by real time cellular analysis (RTCA), the injury of iPSC-CM caused by alcohol was further verified by the mitochondrial membrane potential fluorescence probe JC-1 staining combined with RTCA analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank control group, the different doses (25, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 mmol/L) of alcohol could significantly inhibit the proliferation of iPSC-CM in a dose-dependent manner (all <0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the activity of iPSC-CM was significantly reduced by 100 mmol/L alcohol, resulting in the increase of LDH release, the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential, the amplitude and beating rate (all <0.05). Compared with the 100 mg/mL alcoholic experiment group, the KN93 treatment group significantly alleviated the damage of alcohol to iPSC-CM by blocking the necrotic apoptotic pathway, resulting in the decrease of LDH release, the increase of mitochondrial membrane potential, the amplitude and beating rate (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The electrophysiological model of alcoholic cardiomyopathy based on the differentiation of cardiomyocytes are successfully established, which can be used to study the electrophysiological activity and the molecular mechanism for relevant diseases, and it may provide a more reasonable and effective research tool for drug screening and clinical study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic , Cell Differentiation , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Myocytes, Cardiac
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