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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1335-1341, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a training program for specialty nurses of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) technology, in order to provide a basis for the training of traditional Chinese medicine nursing techniques for traditional Chinese medicine speciallty nurses.Methods:Literature review and semi-structured interviews were conducted to preliminarily develop training program outline. From February to April 2022, a total of 18 experts were invited to finish the questionnaire survey. And the items were modified according to the experts′ advice.Results:The response rates of 2 rounds of consultation were both 100%, the authority coefficients of experts were 0.894 and 0.903 respectively, and the kendall harmony coefficients were 0.201 and 0.272 respectively. Finally, the training program was formed, which consists of 6 first-level indexes, 25 second-level indexes and 81 third-level indexes.Conclusions:The training program for specialty nurses of TCM technology constructed in this study is scientific, reliable and practical, which can provide a basis for the training of TCM nursing technology.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 502-507, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924640

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) of the multi-target cerebral cortex after stroke on functional recovery of the upper limb of the hemiplegic side. MethodsFrom November, 2019 to August, 2020, 40 stroke patients in Gansu Provine Hospital Rehabilitation Center were included and randomly divided into single-target stimulation group (n = 20) and multiple-target stimulation group (n = 20). Both groups underwent basic neurorehabilitation drug therapy and conventional rehabilitation exercises. The single-target stimulation group received repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) (iTBS mode) only in the primary motor cortex (M1) of the affected side. The multi-target stimulation group received rTMS (iTBS mode) in the cerebellar cortex of the healthy brain and M1 of the affected side, once a day, six days a week, for four weeks. Before and after treatment, the scores of Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) and modified Barthel Index (MBI), and the latency and amplitude of somatosensory-evoked potentials N20 were compared. ResultsNo serious adverse reaction occurred during treatment. After treatment, the scores of FMA-UE, MBI and ARAT, and the amplitude and latency of N20 improved in both groups (|t| > 3.478, |Z| > 2.243, P < 0.05); and the scores of FMA-UE and ARAT, and the amplitude of N20 were better in the multiple-target stimulation group than in the single-target stimulation group (t > 2.939, Z = -2.697, P < 0.01). ConclusionMulti-target stimulation is superior to single-target stimulation for improving upper limb motor function and N20 amplitude in the hemiplegics after stroke.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 306-310, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923378

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To assess the feasibility and safety of ultra-micro 5 mm single-port endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy in selected patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis. Methods    From March 1, 2018 to February 1, 2021, 90 patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis who underwent ultra-micro 5 mm single-port endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy at the Thoracic Surgery Department of the University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital. There were 47 males and 43 females, with a median age of 26.0 (22.0, 31.0) years. During the operation, T3 and/or T4 thoracic sympathetic nerve chain was transected using an ultra-micro 5 mm single-port incision near the areola or under the axilla. The surgical data of the patients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Results     All patients successfully completed the operation without major bleeding during the operation and no conversion to thoracotomy. There was no death or serious complication during the perioperative period. The operation time was 43.0 (23.0, 60.0) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) mL. In the perioperative period, only one patient needed a tiny chest tube indwelling. The symptoms of hyperhidrosis on the hands all disappeared after the operation. The pain score on the postoperative day was 2.0 (2.0, 2.0) points. The hospital stay after surgery was 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) d. In the first month after the operation, the symptoms of hyperhidrosis on the hands were significantly relieved compared with those before the operation. The surgical incisions healed well, the wounds were concealed, and there was no wound infection or poor healing. The patients' satisfaction with the surgical incisions was 100.0%. After the operation, 14 (15.6%) patients had mild compensatory hyperhidrosis, 5 (5.6%) patients had moderate compensatory hyperhidrosis, and no patient had severe compensatory hyperhidrosis. Overall satisfaction rate was 94.0%. Conclusion     The clinical application of ultra-micro 5 mm single-port endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy in selected patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis is safe and feasible. The surgical wound is extremely small and hidden, the operation time is short, the pain is very slight, and the clinical outcome is good. It can fully meet the patients' pursuit of beauty.

4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 821-829, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in early-staged cervical cancer by laparoscopy.Methods:It was a prospective, single-arm, single-center clinical study. Seventy-eight cases of cervical cancer patients were collected from July 2015 to December 2018 at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University. All the patients were injected with tracer into the disease-free block of cervical tissue after anesthesia by the same surgeon who learned sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping technique in Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and underwent SLN mapping followed by complete pelvic lymphadenectomy. Moreover, all the dissected lymph nodes were stained with hematoxylin eosin staining (HE) pathological examination. Besides, the negative SLN on hematoxylin-eosin staining were detected by immunohistochemistry cytokeratin staining micro-metastasis. To analyze the distribution, detection rate, false negative rate the sensitivity and negative predictive value of the SLN in early-staged cervical cancer by laparoscopy, and explore the value of SLN mapping in predicting the lymph nodes metastasis in early-staged cervical cancer.Results:The overall detection rate of SLN in cervical cancer was 99% (77/78), bilateral detection rate was 87% (68/78). The average of 12.4 lymph node (LN) and 3.6 SLN were dissected for each patients each side. SLN of cervical cancer were mainly distributed in the obturator space (61.5%, 343/558), followed by external iliac (23.5%, 131/558), common iliac (7.3%, 41/558), para-uterine (3.8%, 21/558), internal iliac (2.2%, 12/558), para abdominal aorta (1.1%, 6/558), and anterior sacral lymphatic drainage area (0.7%, 4/558). Fourteen cases of LN metastasis were found among all 78 cases. There were a total of 38 positive LN, including 26 SLN metastasis and 12 none sentinel LN metastasis. Through immunohistochemical staining and pathological ultra-staging, 1 SLN was found to be isolated tumor cells (ITC), and 5 SLNs were found to be micro-metastases (MIC), accounting for 23% (6/26) of positive SLN. SLN mapping with pathological ultra-staging improved the prediction of LN metastasis in cervical cancer (2/14). Metastatic SLN mainly distributed in the obturator space (65%, 17/26), peri-uterine region (12%, 3/26), common iliac region (15%, 4/26), and external iliac region (8%, 2/26). The consistency of the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis by SLN biopsy and postoperative retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis showed that the Kappa value was 1.000 ( P<0.001), indicated that the metastasis status of SLN and retroperitoneal lymph node were completely consistent. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, false-negative rate, and negative predictive value of SLN biopsy in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis were 100%, 100%, 100%, 0, and 100%, respectively. Conclusions:SLN in early-staged cervical cancer patients were mainly distributed in the obturator and external iliac space, pathalogical ultra-staging of SLN could improve the prediction of LN metastasis. Intraoperative SLN mapping is safe, feasible and could predict the state of retroperitoneal LN metastasis in early-staged cervical cancer. SLNB may replace systemic pelvic lymphadenectomy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 395-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993712

ABSTRACT

Kidney transplantation is the best option for end stage renal disease. Currently, shortage of donor kidneys become a global problem for kidney transplants, partly due to the abandonment of kidneys from donors infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). With the advent of direct-acting antiviral drugs, the use of HCV infected donor kidneys has become an important measure to expand the donor pool. This article reviews the research progress on the safety, efficacy and timing of antiviral therapy for HCV-negative recipients receiving kidney transplantation from HCV-positive donors.

6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 202-206, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821470

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus pneumonia is an acute respiratory infectious disease mainly manifested by fever, fatigue and dry cough, caused by new coronavirus 2019-nCoV infection(COVID-19). Traditional Chinese Medicine played an important role in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 during this breakout. This article reviews the clinical treatments of SARS-CoV-2 with TCM, the pathogenesis of COVID-19, dialectical treatment with TCM, and the antiviral, anti-inflammatory, immune regulatory effects of TCM. Some TCM with dual immuno-modulatory effects draw special attention, which may shed light on the prevention and treatment of COVID-19.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 637-641, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of Jinshuibao tablet on immune function, therapeutic efficacy and safety in treatment of advanced lung squamous cell carcinoma patients treated by chemotherapy.Methods:The clinical data of 124 patients with stage Ⅳ lung squamous cell carcinoma who were admitted to Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 60 patients treated by Jinshuibao tablet combined with chemotherapy (the observation group) and 64 patients treated by chemotherapy alone (the control group). The changes of immune function, therapeutic effect, and side effects were compared between the two groups.Results:The percentage of CD4 + cells after treatment [(33.4±8.9)% vs. (45.5±11.8)%, t = 2.71, P < 0.05] and CD4 +/CD8 + (0.9±0.3 vs. 1.5±0.4, t = 3.31, P < 0.05) in the observation group was increased compared with that before treatment, CD8 + cells was decreased compared with that before treatment [(30.9±8.6)% vs. (21.1±8.1)%, t = 2.42, P < 0.05], interferon-γ (IFN-γ) [(7.7±2.8)% vs. (14.1±2.4)%, t = 2.74, P < 0.05] and interleukin-2 (IL-2) [(8.8±3.2)% vs. (12.7±1.6)%, t = 2.96, P < 0.05] was increased compared with that before treatment. The percentage of CD3 + cells [(57.9±8.2)% vs. (45.2±10.8)%, t = 2.70, P < 0.05], CD4 + cells [(32.9±9.0)% vs. (22.8±9.6)%, t = 3.19, P < 0.05], NK cells [(14.9±3.1)% vs. (9.3±1.4)%, t = 2.97, P < 0.05] in the control group was decreased compared with that before treatment. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) was decreased compared with that before treatment [(6.8±1.4)% vs. (4.3±0.5)%, t = 3.23, P < 0.05]. There was a statistically significant difference in the level of T-cell subsets of both groups after treatment (all P <0.05); and the level of CD3 +, CD4 +, CD4 +/CD8 +, NK cells in the observation group was higher than that in the control group; CD8 + cell in the observation group was lower than that in the control group. There was no statistical difference in the level of IFN-γ, IL-2, TNF-α of both groups before treatment (all P > 0.05); the level of IFN-γ, IL-2, TNF-α in the observation group was higher than that in the control group after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant of both groups (all P < 0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant [31.3% (20/64) vs. 48.3% (29/60), χ 2 = 4.538, P = 0.033]; and the disease control rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control [56.3% (36/64) vs. 71.7% (43/60), χ 2 = 5.276, P = 0.022]. There was no significant difference between the two groups in adverse reactions of chemotherapy (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:Jinshuibao tablet combined with chemotherapy can improve the immune function and the efficacy of chemotherapy for patients with advanced lung squamous cell carcinoma.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 943-946, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of septic shock caused by upper and lower gastrointestinal perforation.Methods:Clinical data of patients with septic shock due to gastrointestinal perforation admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2018 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The general information; procalcitonin (PCT), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores during the first 24 hours in intensive care unit (ICU); results of ascites culture during the first 72 hours in ICU; the maximum dosage and total time of norepinephrine (NE) in ICU; mechanical ventilation time, the length of ICU stay, occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI), continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and 28-day mortality were collected. The patients were divided into upper gastrointestinal tract group (stomach and duodenum) and lower gastrointestinal tract group (jejunum, ileum, appendix, colon and rectum), with a boundary of Treitz. The clinical features between the two groups were compared.Results:There were 33 patients in the upper gastrointestinal tract group and 30 patients in the lower gastrointestinal tract group. There was no significant difference in gender and age between the two groups. The main pathogens in the ascites cultures in the upper gastrointestinal tract group were Candida albicans (45.5%), Enterococcus faecalis (18.2%) and Escherichia coli (18.2%). Escherichia coli (46.2%) and Enterococcus faecalis (30.8%) were the main pathogens in the lower gastrointestinal tract group. There were significant differences in PCT, the length of ICU stay, mechanical ventilation time, the maximum dosage and total time of NE between the upper gastrointestinal tract group and lower gastrointestinal tract group [PCT (μg/L): 17.69 (3.83, 26.62) vs. 32.82 (4.21, 100.00), the length of ICU stay (hours): 149.0 (102.5, 302.0) vs. 115.5 (30.8, 214.5), mechanical ventilation time (hours): 106.0 (41.5, 183.0) vs. 57.5 (25.0, 122.3), the maximum dosage of NE (μg·kg -1·min -1): 1.2 (0.5, 2.0) vs. 0.7 (0.5, 1.2), the total time of NE (hours): 72.0 (21.0, 145.0) vs. 26.5 (18.0, 80.5), all P < 0.05], while there was no statistically differences in APACHEⅡ or SOFA scores [APACHEⅡ: 30.0 (24.5, 35.0) vs. 28.0 (25.0, 33.5), SOFA: 10.67±4.14 vs. 9.50±3.33, both P > 0.05]. Compared with the lower gastrointestinal tract group, patients in the upper gastrointestinal tract group were more likely to have AKI (78.8% vs. 53.3%, P < 0.05) and require CRRT (39.4% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in the 28-day mortality (39.4% vs. 43.3%, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The clinical characteristics of septic shock caused by upper and lower gastrointestinal perforation are not the same. Patients with septic shock caused by upper gastrointestinal perforation are more likely to suffer from fungal infection, with more severe shock, more likely to have AKI and require CRRT, and significantly longer mechanical ventilation and the length of ICU stay. While patients with septic shock caused by lower gastrointestinal perforation showed higher PCT.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 958-963, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778758

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most common type of pancreatic cancer, and its micrometastases are commonly seen in clinical practice. Although great progress has been made in immunotherapy for malignancies in recent years, immune checkpoint blockade focusing on programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has changed the clinical diagnosis and treatment of non-small cell lung cancer, melanoma, urothelial carcinoma, and renal carcinoma. However, the clinical effect of immunotherapy in PDAC is limited by the low immunogenicity and unique tumor microenvironment (TME) of PDAC. With the research advances in PDAC-TME, an in-depth analysis of the highly complex interaction network between immune system, tumor cell, and matrix signal may help to develop a rational combination of immunotherapies for PDAC. By elaborating on the unique immunological features of PDAC-TME, this article reviews the potential treatment opportunities for PDAC and the advances in clinical research.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 40-44, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735001

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of different treatment options for cholecysto-choledocholithiasis (CCL),and try to find the ideal treatment.Methods From January 2006 to January 2016,a total of 3 107 patients with CCL from the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University were enrolled.Among them,1 283 patients were in open cholecystectomy (OC) and open common bile duct exploration (OCBDE) group,964 patients were in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) group,and 860 patients were in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) + LC group.The clinical data of the three groups were analysed.One-way analysis of variance and chi-square test were performed for statistical analysis.Results From 2006 to 2010,the percentage of patients treated with OC + OCBDE,LC + LCBDE,and ERCP + LC were 56.05% (829/1 479),25.15% (372/1 479) and 18.80% (278/1 479),respectively;from 2011 to 2016,the percentage of patients received the above three treatments were 27.89% (454/1 628),36.36% (592/1 628) and 35.75% (582/1 628),respectively.The difference in the proportion of the same treatment at different times was statistically significant (x2 =4.775,4.168 and 0.669,all P < 0.05).The success rate of surgery in the OC + OCBDE group was 100.00% (1 370/1 370);while the success rate of surgery in the LC + LCBDE group was 94.26% (920/976),and 56 patients converted to OC + OCBDE;the success rate of surgery in the ERCP + LC group was 95.00% (817/860),and 31 patients converted to OC + OCBDE,and 12 patients to LC + LCBDE.The intraoperative complication in OC + OCBDE,LC + LCBDE and ERCP + LC were 2.85% (39/1 370),3.48% (32/920) and 1.22% (10/817),respectively.The incidence rates of postoperative complication were 4.89% (67/1 370),5.34% (50/920) and 5.51% (45/817),respectively.The incidence rates of intraoperative complication of the ERCP + LC group was lower than that of OC + OCBDE group and LC + LCBDE group,and the differences were statistically significant (x2 =6.203 and 3.001;both P < 0.05).However there was no significant difference in incidence rate of postoperative complications among the three groups (all P > 0.05).The hospital stay of the OC + OCBDE group,the LC + LCBDE group and the ERCP + LC group were (6.7 ± 1.3) days,(5.6 ± 1.2) days and (10.9 ± 1.6) days,respectively,and the differences were statistically significant (F =90.010,P < 0.01).The hospitalization expenses of OC + OCBDE group,LC + LCBDE group and ERCP+LC group were (13 720±1 910) yuan,(18 150±1 490) yuan and (25 830 ± 2 430) yuan,respectively,and the differences were statistically significant (F =302.991,P < 0.01).Conclusion The first choice of patients with CCL is endoscopic minimally invasive treatment and open surgery can be used as a remedial method for endoscopic treatment.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 89-92, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746309

ABSTRACT

Objective Constructing a medical paper evaluation system based on bibliometrics.Methods Taking medical papers as the research object,five evaluation indexes were selected by expert investigation,including paper type,periodical type,number of other citations,impact factors and periodical division.The weight of evaluation index is determined by analytic hierarchy process (AHP).At last a high level of peer evaluation index F1000 is used to give an example analysis and verification.Results The score of medical papers evaluation system is basically consistent with the recommendation of F1000 papers.Conclusions It is feasible to replace peer qualitative evaluation with quantitative evaluation system based on Bibliometric index in medical paper evaluation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 246-250, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745500

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical significance of soluble CD14 subtype presepsin for diagnosing,evaluating severity and predicting prognosis of acute infections in elderly patients.Methods Sixty elderly emergency patients without acute infections as control and 117 elderly emergency patients with acute infections were enrolled.Patients with infections were divided into the systemicinflamatory response syndrome(SIRS) (infection+ SIRS group,n =59),sepsis group (n =41)and septic shock group(n=17),and were further divided into survival group(n=90)and death group (n=27)according to 30-day mortality.Serum levels of presepsin and procalcitonin (PCT)were measured by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)within 24 hours after doctors' office visiting.The mortality in emergency department sepsis(MEDS) scores was evaluated.Clinical value and correlations of presepsin and PCT in diagnosis,disease evaluation and prognosis evaluation were compared and analyzed Results Presepsin level was higher in acute infection group than in no-infection group[734.0(422.5,1120.0) ng/L vs.159.50 (119.0,234.3) ng/L,P <0.05].Presepsin level was 423.0(266.3,554.0)ng/L in infection+SIRS group,1042.0(854.0,1213.0)ng/L in sepsis group,and 2188.0(1599.5,2946.0) ng/L in septic shock group,with statistically significant differences among infection+SIRS group,sepsis group and septic shock group(P <0.05).No significant differences in PCT levels were found between sepsis group and septic shock group[4.4(1.4,16.9)ng/L,vs.8.8 (0.7,51.1)ng/L,P>0.05].MEDS had no difference between sepsis group and septic shock group [(13.0(11.0,17.5) vs.15.0 (11.5,19.5),P > 0.05].There were significant differences in serum levels of presepsin(554.0ng/L vs.1232.5 ng/L),PCT(1.18 μg/L vs.10.07 μg/L) and MEDS(9.0 vs.18.0)between the survival group and the death group(P<0.05),and their area under a receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was (0.853 ± 0.037),(0.732 ± 0.057) and (0.900 ± 0.034)respectively.Serum level of presepsin was moderately correlated with MEDS(r =0.609,P =0.00)and lowly correlated with PCT(r =0.477,P =0.00).Conclusions Presepsin is a good biomarker for acute infection,which has better clinical value for diagnosis,severity evaluation and prognostic prediction of acute infections in elderly patients.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 349-353, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of premenstrual syndrome( PMS) on the quality of life( QOL) of female medical staffs. METHODS: By convenient sampling method,1 007 female medical workers from three Grade A class 3 hospitals were selected as study subjects and investigated by PMS Scale,World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Instrument Brief Version,Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and Social Support Rating Scale. RESULTS: The detection rate of PMS among medical staffs was 52. 0%,and the total score of QOL of PMS medical staffs was lower than that of non-PMS medical staffs [( 84. 3 ± 12. 4) vs( 90. 5 ± 11. 6),P < 0. 01]. The multivariate linear logistic regression analysis results showed that the PMS medical staffs who often stay up late,with higher degree of dysmenorrhea,higher job stress,lower positive coping style score,higher negative coping style score,and poor support have lower QOL( P < 0. 05). The coping style and social support of PMS medical staffs can directly affect the QOL. The social support can also indirectly affect the QOL through coping style. CONCLUSION: Coping style is a mediator of social support and QOL.Adopting coping style can improve the QOL of PMS medical staffs.

14.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 177-181, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693104

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regulation and mechanism of extracts from Aspongopus chinensis dallas on the proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. Methods The human gastric cancer cell line MGC-803 was used in the experiments. The MTT assay and flow cytometry were respectively used to detect the effects of the extracts from aspongopus chinensis dallas on the proliferation and apoptosis of the cancer cells. The nude mouse model of MGC-803 cells was established. The experimental group was injected with 50μl of the extracts (12 mg/L) in the tumor area daily, and the control group was injected with the same volume of physiological saline. The size of tumor was measured regularly, and the expression levels of STAT3 and Survivin were detected by Western blotting. Results The extracts from Aspongopus chinensis dallas significantly inhibited cell proliferation (P<0.05) and promoted cell apoptosis (P<0.05). Both of the results showed a dose-dependent trend. The tumor size of the MGC-803 tumor-bearing nude mice treated with the extracts was significantly smaller than that of the control group at different time points (all P<0.05). The expression levels of STAT3 and Survivin protein in the tumor tissues of experimental groups were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion The extracts from Aspongopus chinensis Dallas can inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. The mechanism may be achieved by reducing the expression of STAT3 and Survivin protein.

15.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 589-593, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700267

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Objective To observe the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with mirror neuronal rehabilitation training system (MNST-V1.0) in post-traumatic unconscious patients after severe craniocerebral injury. Methods A prospective, self controlled and open-label method was used. Thirty-six post-traumatic unconscious patients with severe craniocerebral injury from January 2016 to July 2017 were selected. Four cases of the patients did not complete the treatment and the last 32 cases completed the study. All patients were given routine wake-up therapy, and tDCS combined with MNST-V1.0 (20 min/time, 1 time/d, 6 times/week, a total of 8 weeks) was given at the same time. The Glasgow coma scale (GCS), JFK coma recovery scale and Four coma rating scale before treatment and 2, 4, 8 weeks after treatment were recorded. Results The scores of open reaction, language and motor response score of GCS 2, 4, 8 weeks after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment:(1.56 ± 0.82), (2.06 ± 1.01) and (3.11 ± 1.45) scores vs. (1.00 ± 0.45) scores, (2.23 ± 1.06), (2.56 ± 1.08) and (3.02 ± 1.04) scores vs. (1.00 ± 0.61) scores, (2.79 ± 1.12), (3.22 ± 1.33) and (4.44 ± 1.07) scores vs. (1.00 ± 0.54) scores, and there were statistical differences (P < 0.01 or <0.05). The scores of hearing, vision, movement, speech response, communication and arousal of JFK coma recovery scale 2, 4, 8 weeks after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment, and there were statistical differences (P<0.01). The scores of open reaction, sport reaction, brainstem response of Four coma rating scale 2, 4, 8 weeks after treatment were significantly higher than those before treatment, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05); there was no statistical difference in respiratory score of Four coma rating scale before and after treatment (P>0.05). Conclusions The tDCS combined with MNST-V1.0 can improve the consciousness level in post-traumatic unconscious patients with severe craniocerebral injury, and have the effect of promoting awakening.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 438-442, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712846

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of chloroquine on death receptor 5 (DR5) expression of hepatocellular carcinoma Huh7 cells and cell proliferation and apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL).Methods Huh7 cells were divided into four groups:the control group (1∶1 000 dimethyl sulfoxide),TRAIL group (50 μg/L),chloroquine group (10 μmol/L) and TRAIL +chloroquine group (TRAIL 50 μg/L + chloroquine 10 μmol/L).Thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to determine the proliferation activity of cells,immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of DR5,4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining was used to observe cell apoptosis and Western blot was used to detect the expression of cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP).Results TRAIL treatment could decrease Huh7 cells proliferation activity;when compared with the cell viability in the control group,the cell proliferation inhibition rate of chloroquine group,TRAIL group and TRAIL+ chloroquine group was (89±8) %,(53±10) % and (27±7) %,respectively;compared with TRAIL group alone,cell proliferation activity was decreased in TRAIL+ chloroquine group (t =3.922,P =0.017).The expression of DR5 was upregulated in chloroquine group,and the cell apoptosis signaling was activated in TRAIL + chloroquine group.The cell apoptosis rate of TRAIL group and TRAIL + chloroquine group was (10.0±2.3) % and (20.4±4.0) %,respectively,and there was a statistical difference (t =3.894,P =0.018).Conclusion Chloroquine can enhance the cell chemosensitivity to TRAIL treatment by upregulating the expression of DR5 in Huh7 cells.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 454-457, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712543

ABSTRACT

The authors analyzed the opportunities and challenges faced by nurses in the time of elderly care with medical support using SWOT analysis, for the purpose of suggestions for the development of nurses to cope with such new scenario. Advantages of the nurses in such a time are as follows: professional nursing care, holistic care ability, and standardized assessment skill. Their disadvantages include: poor team leadership, insufficient business and management skills, and poor motivation for personal development. Their opportunities include: guidance of the national strategy, innovation of " Internet plus", and flexible working hours. Their challenges include: room of improvements for both quantity and quality of nursing personnel, better efficiency for integration and allocation of resources, and better capability to leverage" Smart elderly care". Four suggestions are raised in this regard, i. e., to strengthen the ability for elderly care with medical support, to improve multidisciplinary coordination, to cultivate their entrepreneurship, and to improving the ability of information application.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatric Heart Brain and Vessel Diseases ; (12): 401-404, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709134

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the risk factors for early neurological deterioration (END) in elderly mild ischemic stroke (MIS) patients.Methods Two hundred MIS patients with their national institute of health stroke scale (NIHSS) score≤3 admitted to the Beijing Zhongguancun Hospital from June 2013 to July 2017 were divided into progressive ischemic stroke group (n=52) and nonprogressive ischemic stroke group (n =148).Their past medical history,clinical symptoms,laboratory testing parameters,and imaging data were compared and analyzed.Results The incidence of diabetes mellitus and ischemic stroke,abnormal circadian rhythm of blood pressure,NIHSS score,serum hs-CRP level,incidence of blood vessel stenosis or occlusion,multiple lesions and watershed cerebral infarction were significantly higher in progressive ischemic stroke group than in non-progressive ischemic stroke group (P < 0.05,P < 0.01).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hs-CRP,abnormal circadian rhythm of blood pressure,blood vessel stenosis or occlusion,multiple lesions,and watershed cerebral infarction were the independent risk factors for END in elderly MIS patients (OR=3.113,95%CI:1.483-6.532,P=0.003;OR=2.724,95%CI:1.291-5.749,P=0.009;OR=3.499,95%CI:1.557-7.860,P=0.002;OR =2.794,95%CI:1.359-5.744,P=0.005;OR=3.843,95%CI:1.752-8.426,P=0.001).Conclusion hs-CRP,abnormal circadian rhythm of blood pressure,blood vessel stenosis or occlusion,multiple lesions and watershed cerebral infarction are the independent risk factors for END in elderly MIS patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatric Heart Brain and Vessel Diseases ; (12): 64-66, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709073

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the factors influencing the early progression of acute solitary pontine infarction (ASPI).Methods 146 patients with head MRI-confirmed ASPI were divided into neurological deficit progression group (A group,n=30) and non-neurological deficit progression group (B group,n=116) according to their NIHSS score.Their clinical and imaging characteristics were analyzed.Results The acute neurological dysfunction was severer,the outcome was poorer,the hospital visiting time was longer,the infarction size was larger in A group than in B group.The incidence of infarction involving ≥2 layers and basilar artery stenosis,the stenosis rate of basilar artery stenosis and other intracranial vessels,and the percentage of NIHSS and mRS score at discharge were significantly higher in A group than in B group (76.6% vs 37.9%;30.0% vs 7.7%;46.6% vs 6.0%;50.0% vs 21.5%;80.0% vs 15.5%,P<0.05,P<0.01).Conclusion The progression is faster and the infarction size is larger in ASPI patients than in cerebral stroke patients,which are related with the involved layers,stenosis of basilar artery and other intracranial vessels,and can thus play an important role in judging the early outcome of ASPI patients.

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Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 333-336, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505627

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To understand the current situation of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and type D personality in female college students,and to explore the relationship between them.Methods:Totally 856 female college students were assessed with the Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS,those with total score of 6 or higher as having PMS) and Type D Personality Scale 14 (DS-14,those negative emotion and social inhibition factor with total score of 10 or higher as having type D personality).Result:A total of 280 students were detected with PMS,and the rote was 32.7%.Totally 272 students were detected with the type D personality,and the rote was 31.8%.The total score of DS-14 and the score of 2 factors were higher in PMS group than in non-PMS group (Ps <0.001).The rate of PMS was lower in type D personality group than in non-type D personality group (11.76% vs.25.34%,P < 0.001).Conclusions:The occurrence of premenstrual syndrome may be related to the type D personality.The evaluation of personality characteristics should be taken into consideration when formulating the intervention program.

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