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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the lung blast injury model in mice, detect the proteomic changes of lung in mice at different time points, and explore the mechanism of lung blast injury.Methods:A total of 60 healthy male C57BL/6 mice were randomly (random number) divided into the control group, 12-h group after thorax blast, 24-h group, 48-h group, 72-h group and 1-week group ( n=10 each group). Experiments were carried out in the animal laboratory of the General Hospital of the Northern Theater Command. The model of lung blast injury in mice was established by using a self-developed precision blast device, and the lung tissue injury situation was evaluated by gross observation and HE staining. The proteins in mouse lung tissue were quantitatively analyzed based on LC-MS/MS proteomic technology, and the differentially expressed proteins were screened. On this basis, bioinformatics tool was used to analyze proteomic changes. Results:After lung blast injury, scattered bleeding spots could be observed on the surface of lung tissue of mice, and the bleeding points were gradually increased with time, showing a patchy distribution, and the symptoms were the most severe at 24 h. The results of HE staining showed that the normal tissue structure of alveoli disappeared at 12 and 24 h under light microscopy with diffuse bleeding in the alveolar cavity, infiltration of a large number of inflammatory cells, increased interstitial exudate, thickened alveolar wall, and collapsed and merged alveolar cavity. A total of 6 861 proteins were identified by LC-MS/MS in lung tissue samples of mice after thorax blast, and 608 differentially expressed proteins were quantified, of which 227, 140, 202, 258 and 71 differential proteins were at 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h, and 1 week, respectively. According to GO analysis, 130 biological process subtypes including cell adhesion, extracellular matrix tissue and collagen fibril tissue were obtained. Besides, 66 cellular component involving extracellular exosomes, extracellular matrix and cytoplasm were obtained. And 43 molecular functional subclasses such as extracellular matrix structure composition, actin binding and antioxidant activity were obtained. KEGG analysis yielded 24 pathways including ECM-receptor interactions, focal adhesions and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway across the endothelium.Conclusions:Differentially expressed protein combinations are also different at different time points in the early stage after lung blast in mice, and the injury mechanism is complicated. The lung blast injury is the most serious at 12-24 h after blast and produces significant inflammatory response.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743217

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a new type of blast injury simulator to establish a mouse model of brain blast injury and study its damage mechanism. Methods Thirty healthy Kunming mice were randomly(random number) divided into the normal control group and brain blast injury model (TBI) group. A mouse model of traumatic brain injury was prepared by a self-developed explosive injury simulator. Morris water maze, Evans blue experiment and HE staining were used to observe the effects of shockwave exposure on spatial memory, blood-brain barrier, and pathological changes of brain tissues. T test was used for statistical analysis. Western blot method was used for detecting expression of brain injury markers Tau, S100β, Choline, inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, NF-κB, apoptosis factors Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase3, and oxide protein stress-related factors IREα, MDA5, COX2 SOD1, and SOD2. Results Compared with the normal control group, (11.2±2.1) s, the time of searching platform in the TBI group was (54.6±8.4) s, was significantly longer (t=-19.330, P<0.05), and the EB exudation in the TBI group was 3.22 times (t=-13.903, P<0.05). Pathological staining revealed neuronal damage in the hippocampus, and TBI induced brain injury markers Tau(0.26±0.03 vs 0.46±0.04,t=-9.788, P<0.05), S100β(0.54±0.03 vs 0.74±0.02,t=-12.433, P<0.05) and Choline(0.54±0.05 vs 0.80±0.04, t=-7.970, P<0.05), inflammatory cytokines IL-1β(0.22±0.04 vs 0.31±0.05,t=-3.431, P<0.05), IL-4(0.65±0.02 vs 0.97±0.03, t=-18.927, P<0.05), IL-6(0.88±0.05 vs 1.07±0.08, t=-9.488, P<0.05) and NF-κB(0.80±0.06 vs 1.03±0.07,t=-4.507, P<0.05), and pro-apoptotic cytokines Bax(0.66±0.04 vs 0.78±0.04, t=-13.007, P<0.05) and Caspase3(0.44±0.03 vs 0.60±0.05, t=-4.472, P<0.05), oxidative stress-related factor pro IREα(0.72±0.06 vs 1.07±0.04, t=-9.665, P<0.05), MDA5(0.47±0.02 vs 0.77±0.02, t=-23.678, P<0.05) and expression of COX2(0.70±0.07 vs 0.86±0.02, t=-6.421, P<0.05), inhibition of inflammation inhibitory factor IL-10(1.14±0.06 vs 0.74±0.07, t=13.729, P<0.05), inhibition of apoptosis factors Bcl-2(0.72±0.05 vs 0.46±0.02, t=11.491, P<0.05) and inhibition of oxidative stress factors SOD1(1.17±0.05 vs 0.99±0.01, t=7.731, P<0.05) and SOD2(0.81±0.05 vs 0.61±0.04, t=10.257, P<0.05) expression. Conclusions The brain injury induced by blast exposure can induce spatial learning and memory loss, blood brain barrier disruption, neuronal damage hippocampus in mice, and promote the expression of brain injury markers, induce inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis. The self-developed explosive shock simulator successfully establishes a mouse brain blast injury model.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694900

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of ultrasound guided pectoral nerves Ⅱ (Pecs Ⅱ) block with thoracic paravertebral nerve (TPVN) block for postoperative analgesia after modified radical mastectomy.Methods Eighty female patients scheduled for radical mastectomy,aged 40-65 years,ASA physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,were randomly divided into 2 groups using a random number table method (n =40 each):the patients in group T received TPVN block,whereas the pa tients in group P received Pecs Ⅱ block.Both the groups received 0.5 % ropivacaine 25 ml.The blocks were performed under all aseptic precautions in the preoperating room 30 min before surgery.The total number of dermatomes that had less pain to pin prick compared with opposite side were not ed.All patients were observed for 30 min after performing the block.The patients were received patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA).The duration of analgesia and total analgesic consumption in 24 h after surgery were recorded.Adverse effects were recorded between the two groups.Results The duration of analgesia in group P was significantly prolonged than group T [(326.5± 47.8) min vs (201.4±34.5) min,P<0.01].The 24 h sufentanil consumption were also decreased in group P [(6.9±1.2) μg vs (10.7±1.9) μg,P<0.01].T2 dermatomal spread were significantly increased in group P [35 (87.6%) cases vs 9 (22.5%) cases,P<0.05].No complication was recor ded.Conclusion Ultrasound-guided Pecs Ⅱ block and TPVN provided safe and effective anesthesia in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy,but the effect of Pecs Ⅱ block were more satisfied and per sistent.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2506-2508, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of preemptive analgesia of parecoxib-sodium for radical mastectomy of breast cancer. METHODS:A total of 60 female patients underwent selective radical mastectomy of breast cancer under general anes-thesia were randomly divided into observation group(40 cases)and control group(20 cases). 15 min before anesthesia induction, observation group was given intravenous injection of Parecoxib-sodium for injection 40 mg. Control group was given intravenous in-jection of 0.9% Sodium chloride injection 5 mL. The pain visual analogue scale(VAS),the frequency of patient controlled intrave-nous analgesia(PCA)and ADR were observed between 2 groups at different time points after surgery. RESULTS:VAS scores of observation group were significantly lower than those of control group 2,4,6,8 h after operation,and the frequency of PCA 0-4, 4-12,12-24,24-36 h after operation was significantly lower than control group,with statistical significance(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:The preemptive analgesia of parecoxib-sodium can effectively reduce pain degree of patients with breast cancer after radical mastectomy,the frequency of PCA, and do not increase the occurrence of ADR.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508552

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program on postoperative recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection. Methods Eighty-four patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection from March 201 5 to June 201 6 (55 males,29 females,aged 36-78 years,ASA physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ),were randomly divid-ed into two groups (n = 38 each).Patients in group E were received epidural block combined with general anesthesia,and a series of perfect ERAS strategies,such as strengthen preoperative educa-tion, maintaining perioperative normothermia, perioperative goal-directed fluid therapy, intraoperative and postoperative analgesia.While the patients in group C received routine anesthetic management.The volume of fluid,the nasopharyngeal temperature,the time of recovery of bouel sound,first anal exhaust,eating fluid food,ambulation and remove of the catheter were recorded in two groups.Furthermore,time of PACU after surgery,the total days of hospitalization and total hos-pital costs were recorded.Results The volume of fluid [(1 328 ± 64)ml vs.(2 463 ± 135 )ml]in group E were significantly lower than group C (P <0.05),the nasopharyngeal temperature [(36.2± 0.2)℃ vs.(35.1±0.5)℃]was significantly higher in group E (P <0.05).Compared with group C,the time of recovery of bowel sound [(33.4 ± 12.5 )h vs.(42.8 ± 14.3 )h],first anal exhaust [(43.6±13.9)h vs.(60.7±1 5.4)h],eating fluid food [(26.8±4.1)h vs.(67.4±13.5)h],first ambulation [(7.4±1.6)h vs.(26.5±3.8)h]and remove of the catheter [(29.2±6.1)h vs.(5 1.8 ±7.6) h ], time of PACU [(26.4 ± 8.5 ) min vs.(37.2 ± 1 1.6 ) min ], the total days of hospitalization [(7.5±0.9)d vs.(9.7±1.2)d]were significantly shorter (P <0.05),and hospital costs [(2.1±0.6)ten thousand yuan vs.(2.6±0.8)ten thousand yuan]were significantly decreased (P <0.05).The incidence of adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting (2.4% vs.21.4%),pru-ritus (7.1% vs.23.8%),agitation (4.8% vs.26.2%)and chills (0% vs.1 9.0%)were significantly lower in group E (P <0.05).Conclusion ERAS program applied to patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection can reduce the intraoperative sufentanil consumption,avoid the occurrence of postoperative hypothermia, accelerate recovery of gastrointestinal function, which can obviously reduce the hospitalization costs and shorten the hospitalization time.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The endplate can be combined closely with different intervertebral fusion cages through the pedicle screw internal fixation system, to provide a more reliable spine stability for reconstruction of intervertebral height, lumbar physiological curvature and biomechanical function. OBJECTIVE:To compare the effectiveness of carbon fiber interbody fusion cage and titanium mesh cage in lumbar disc degeneration. METHODS:Sixty patients with L3-S1 RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Sixty patients completed the 3-27 months folow-up, and had good bone fusion. Lumbar activity was normal in al the patients at 3 months after treatment. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores at 3 months after implantation and the intervertebral height at 1 week after implantation were significantly improved in the two groups (P < 0.05), but there was no difference between the two groups. The materials in the lumbar disc degeneration who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion, 33 males and 27 females, were randomized into carbon fiber interbody fusion cage group and titanium mesh cage group. Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores were compared between the two groups before and after the implantation, as wel as the intervertebral height, intervertebral fusion and complications. two groups had good biocompatibility with no rejection and no infection. Fusion cage subsidence occurred in two cases from the titanium mesh cage group. These findings indicate that both of carbon fiber interbody fusion cage and titanium mesh cage have good biocompatibility, improve the stability of the vertebral body, and restore the intervertebral height. Moreover, the carbon fiber material performance is better than the metal titanium mesh because of lower complication rate.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450363

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical effect of combined laparoscopic and endoscopic submucosal resection for the gastric antrum-body tumors originated from the muscularis propria.Methods A total of 8 patients with gastric antrum-body tumors originated from the muscularis propria were treated by combined laparoscopic and endoscopic submucosal resection from Jan 2013 to Apr 2014.All patients were diagnosed as having gastric antrum-body tumors originated from the muscularis propria by preoperative endoscopic ultrasonography.Endoscopy showed that the surface mucosa of tumors were normal in all patients.Tumors were found in the gastric antrum-body front wall in 4 cases,and in the back wall in 2 cases,and in the lesser omental bursa in 1 case,and in the greater omental bursa in 1 case.The tumors size was from 1.5 to 3.5 cm,averaging (2.4 ± 0.7) cm.The therapeutic procedure included three phases.The lesion was first exposed with laparoscopy.Then,the fluid was injected into the submucosa in the part of tumor by endoscopy.Finally the tumor was resected by laparoscopy.These patients were followed up and analyzed retrospectively.Results Combined laparoscopic and endoscopic submucosal resection was successfully performed in all patients.All tumors were resected completely.Sever bleeding,infection or death were not found in any patients.Postoperative pathology and immunohistochemistry staining confirmed 6 stromal tumors and 2 neurofibroma.All patients were followed up for 6 months,and there was no recurrent case.Gastric mucosa and function were normal in all patients.Conclusion Combined laparoscopic and endoscopic submucosal resection is a simple,safe and effective method for gastric antrum-body tumors originated from the muscularis propria,and leads to little complication.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471323

ABSTRACT

Objective Patients with aortic dissection have a significant incidence of coronary artery disease.The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of percutaneous coronary stent in patients who have undergone endovascular stent,and to assess the effect of anti-coagulant and anti-platelet treatment on patients' thrombosis process.Methods From January 2005 to July 2007,8 patients who had undergone endovascular stent-graft during the past 1 to 7 months for type B aortic dissection repair,underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) because of coexisting coronary artery disease.Anti-coagulant and anti-platelet treatments were administrated after PCI according to the standard protocol.Patients were followed up for a mean period of 23 months.Clinical and false lumen status data were collected during the follow-up.Results PCI were technically successful in all 8 patients and no severe complications such as death,paraplegia,renal failure occurred during hospitalization.Complete false lumen thrombosis was observed in 5 patients and incomplete false lumen thrombosis in the remained 3 patients at the end of follow up.There were no major complications such as death,dissection rupture or aneurysm development occurred during the follow-up period.Conclusion Our data implied that PCI can be safely performed in patients with type B aortic dissection who have undergone endovascular stent-graft,without interrupting the thrombosis process.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401279

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical therapeutic results of percutaneous transluminal stenting between patients with acute and chronic aortic dissections. Methods From May 2002 to October 2007,42 patients with acute type B aortic dissection and 40 patients with chronic aortic dissection underwent stenting. The clinical data of the patients were analyzed. Results Comparing with the chronic aortic dissection group,the acute aortic dissection group had higher percentage of pleural effusion(16.7% vs 0,P=0.01)and visceral /leg ischemia(23.8% vs 2.5%,P=0.01). The acute aortic dissection group had higher complications in early term(38.1% vs 15.0%,P=0.02). All patients were followed up for an average of(18.7 ± 17.3)months. The rate of complications were higher in the patients with acute aortic dissection than those with chronic aortic dissection(21.4% vs 5.0%,P=0.03). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no difference of survival rate between the 2 groups during follow-up period(P=0.38). The 5-year survival rate was 90.0% in acute aortic dissection group years and 92.5% in chronic aortic dissection group,respectively. The event-free survival rate was higher in the patients with chronic dissection than that with in the patients acute aortic dissection(P=0.04). Conclusions Percutaneous transluminal stenting is effective in the treatment of type B aortic dissection,but there are more complications in acute than in chronic aortic dissection group.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669938

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the early and mid-term results of endovascular repair for acute and chronic type B aortic dissection, and to compare the clinical outcomes between the 2 groups. Methods From May 2002 to December 2006, 50 patients with type B aortic dissection were treated by endovascular stent-graft. There were 23 patients in the acute aortic dissection (AAD) group and 27 patients in the chronic aortic dissection (CAD) group. All patients were followed up from 1 to 54 months (average, 17±16 months).The immediate and follow-up clinical outcomes were documented and compared between the 2 groups. Results Placement of endovascular stent-grafts across the primary entry tears was technically successful in all 50 patients. Compared to the CAD group, the AAD group had a higher percentage of pleural effusion (17.4% vs. 0%,P=0.04) and visceral /leg ischemia (26.1% vs 3.7%, P=0.04). Procedure related complications, including endoleak and post-implantation syndrome, occurred more frequently in the AAD group than in the CAD group (21.7% vs 3.7% and 30.4% vs 11.1%, respectively; P=0.08 and P=0.04). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no difference in the survival rate at 4 years between the 2 groups (86.4% vs 92.3%, P=0.42 by log-rank test). However, the event-free survival rate was higher in patients with chronic dissection than in patients with acute aortic dissection (96.2% vs 73.9%; P=0.02 by log-rank test). Conclusions Endovascular repair with stent-graft was safe and effective for the treatment of both acute and chronic type B aortic dissection. However, both immediate and long term major complications occurred more frequently in patients with acute dissection than in those with chronic dissection.

11.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 785-788,791, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574184

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To explore the techniques of hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy plus portozygos disconnection procedure. [Methods] 18 patients with portal hypertension were operated by hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy plus portozygos disconnection. [Results] The operations were completed successfully. The mean operative time was 180(150~260) minutes, the mean blood loss estimated was 540(200~2 000) mL, the mean weight of spleen was 910 (500~2000) g and the mean length of hospital stay was 9.7 (8~18) days after operation. All patients had recovered rapidly and suffered less pain and only 5 patients needed analgesic. The mean recovery time of the bowel function was 52(24~74) hours. The hand incisions healed well, and only one occurred complications and another suffered death. [ Conclusions ] Hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy plus portozygos disconnection procedure is to be feasible and safe, and has the merits of minimally invasive surgery.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-678026

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the influence of PN via portal vein on insulin and glucagon in liver regeneration. Methods:The rabbits were randomly devided into control group( n =5),PN via portal vein group(group Ⅰ, n =10) and PN via central vein group(group Ⅱ, n =10).The PN was performed for 6 days after partial hepatectomy.The concentration of serum insulin and glucagon in portal and perpheral vein were analysed with radioimmunoassay. Results:The concentration of serum insulin was increased in group Ⅰ and group Ⅱ,and it was increased significantly( P 0.05),but it was increased significantly in portal vein blood in group Ⅰ( P

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527616

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the feasibility and curative effect of laparoscopic radical resection of rectal carcinoma. Methods Sixty-two cases were enrolled in this study between Feb 2003 and Mar 2005, including 32 cases undergoing laparoscopic radical resection (19 Dixon and 13 Miles) , and 30 cases undergoing open radical resection (22 Dixons and 8 Miles). Results The mean operation time of laparoscopic group was 195 min, and open group was 156 min (P 0. 05 ). The GI and urination function of laparoscopic group recovered faster than open group ( evacuated was 2. 7 days vs. 3. 7 days, P

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