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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 401-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of conventional treatment plus long-term transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on consciousness recovery in patients with minimally conscious state (MCS) after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 60 patients with MCS after TBI admitted to Zhejiang Armed Police Corps Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020, including 38 males and 22 females, aged 19-60 years [(45.7±11.4)years]. Course of disease was 3-6 months [(4.6±0.9)months]. Of all, 30 patients received internal medicine, hyperbaric oxygen, rehabilitation and other conventional treatment (conventional treatment group), and 30 patients received tDCS stimulation on the basis of conventional treatment (tDCS treatment group). The tDCS stimulation contained 4 cycles for 28 days with each cycle lasting for 7 days (stimulation for 5 days, rest for 2 days). Coma recovery scale-revised (CRS-R) total score, brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) score and clinical effictive rate (significantly effective+effective) were compared between the two groups before treatment, during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment. Complications induced by tDCS were also evaluated.Results:There was no significant difference in CRS-R total score and BAEP score between the two groups before treatment (all P>0.05). CRS-R total score and BAEP score in tDCS treatment group were significantly higher than those in conventional treatment group during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment (all P<0.05). CRS-R total score and BAEP score in both groups gradually increased during 4 cycles of treatment and at 6 months and 12 months after treatment (all P<0.05). The clinical effective rate in tDCS treatment group was 73% (22/30) when compared to 57% (17/30) in conventional treatment group ( P<0.05). In tDCS treatment group, 10 patients had local reversible slight redness at the cathodal position, while no other serious adverse effects, such as local burns, ulceration, exudation or epilepsy. Conclusion:Compared with conventional treatment, conventional treatment plus long-term tDCS can be more effective in improving the state of consciousness without serious adverse effects for MCS patients after TBI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathologic features and diagnostic methods of intraductal papillary(IP)lesions of the breast.Methods:The clinical data of 1 679 patients who had been pathologically diagnosed as having IP were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Nipple discharge is the most common clinical symptom of IP. According to the postoperative pathological results, IP patients were divided into solitary IP group and multiple IP group . Nipple discharge was more common in solitary IP group ( P<0.05). Bloody discharge and duct nipple discharge and discharge in unilateral breast were the most common clinical symptom of IP, though the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). The accuracy of diagnosing IP by fiberoptic ductoscopy(FDS) was 88.66% which was significantly higher than that of breast ultrasound and mammography. Solitary IP patients with nipple discharge undergoing FDS before surgery and lesions were more often detected located in general or level Ⅰ-Ⅱ duct system ( P<0.05). Postoperative follow-up did not show malignant transformation in solitary IP group, while there were 4 cases in the multiple IP group of malignant transformation and higher recurrence rate of IP ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Bloody discharge, single duct nipple discharge and unilateral breast involving 1esion and 1esions located in the general or level Ⅰ-Ⅱ duct system are common clinical features of IP. FDS has advantages in the diagnosis of IP with nipple discharge. For fear of recurrence , and malignant transformation in multiple IP, active postoperative follow-up should be carried out.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609957

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 nm) on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),nerve growth factor (NGF) and Chemerin expressions in retina of early stage diabetic rats.Methods A total of 40 Brown Norway rats were treated with streptozocin (65 mg · kg-1) to establish the diabetic model.20 diabetic BN rats' right eyes were received subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 run) therapy after 2 weeks.The left eyes were used as control group.At 3 days,7 days,14 days,28 days after laser therapy,5 BN rats were randomly chosen to perform RT-PCR and Weston-blot.The expressions of mRNA and protein of VEGF,NGF and Chemerin were analyzed.Results The expression of VEGF mRNA and protein increased in control group at 3 days,7 days,14 days and 28 days (all P < 0.05).Compared with the control group,VEGF mRNA and protein decreased in the subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 nm) group (all P < 0.05).The expression of NGF mRNA and protein decreased in the control group at 3 days,7 days,14 days and 28 days (all P < 0.05),however,the difference was not statistically significant between 3 days and 7 days(P >0.05).Compared with control group,NGF mRNA and protein increased in the subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 nm) group (all P < 0.05),with maximum expression at 14 days.The expression of chemerin mRNA and protein increased at 3 days,7 days,14 days and 28 days in the control group (all P <0.05).Compared with the control group,chemerin mRNA and protein decreased in the subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 urn) group (all P < 0.05).Conclusion Subthreshold micropulse yellow laser (577 urn) can suppress VEGF,Chemerin expression and upregulate NGF expression in early stage diabetic rats.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 864-867, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278511

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the pathologic features of histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) and its impact on newborns.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Jun.2012 to Dec.2014, 5 810 placentas delivered in our hospital were collected. There were 898 HCA cases and positive rate was 18.3%.Cases with complete clinical data were collected, including 308 cases of infected newbon infants (case group), and 120 cases of non-infected infants(control group). The correlation between pathologic results and neonatal outcome was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty nine cases were premature delivery (39/428, 9.1%). Twenty one cases were small for gestational age (21/428, 4.9%). One hundred and eleven cases were delivered by caesarean section (111/428, 25.9%). Three hundred and eight cases of neonatal infection included 104 cases of hematosepsis, 16 cases of purulent meningitis, 78 cases of infectious pneumonia, 34 cases of infective enteritis, 18 cases of urinary tract infection and 58 cases of skin infection.Placental pathological examination found out 40 cases showed mild HCA (18 cases of neonatal infection, and 22 non-neonatal infection cases), 104 cases showed moderate HCA (88 cases of neonatal infection, and 16 non-neonatal infection cases), and 183 cases showed severe HCA (172 cases of neonatal infection and 11 non-neonatal infection cases). Moderate to severe HCA were easily found in premature infants, with higher positive rate of both late pregnancy group B streptococcus (P<0.05) and afterbirth blood culture (P<0.05). Significantly higher serum C reaction protein (P<0.05) and white-cell count(P<0.05) were also found within moderate to severe HCA patients. Moderate to severe HCA, funisitis and syncytial nodular hyperplasia were associated with neonatal infections (P<0.05), while infarction, intervillous thrombosis and villi thrombus were not observed in the inflammation group (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HCA is often of few clinical symptoms and easily misdiagnosed by placental pathological assessment only. HCA is found associated with intrauterine infection and neonatal infection. Pathological assessment of placenta is valuable in diagnosis and treatment of intrauterine infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Chorioamnionitis , Pathology , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Inflammation , Pathology , Leukocyte Count , Placenta , Pathology , Pregnancy
5.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 31-33, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462390

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of follow-up by telephone calls on the medication compliance of patients with cancer pain.Methods Two hundred and forty hospitalized cancer patients suffering from moderate to severe cancer pain were included in the study. All the patients were provided with education on pain treatment before discharge.Then they were randomly assigned to receive telephone follow-up or routine nursing after discharge.The medication compliance were compared 2 months after discharge.Result The medication compliance in the observation group was significantly better than that in the control group.Conclusion Telephone follow-ups can improve medication compliance in patients with cancer pain.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 81-84, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382703

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare the human bone sialoprotein (BSP) monoclonal antibodies (mAb)with high titer and specificity and identify its characterization,which is based on further studying BSP as clinical biomarker for breast cancer metastasizing to bone. Methods BALB/c mice were immunized with purified recombinant BSP protein.Cell fusion was performed between mouse splenic cells and myeloma cells (Sp2/0), and then the hybridoma cell lines secreting mAb against BSP antigen were screened and cloned. The ascites were prepared and purified with Protein G affinity chromatography.The titer and subtypes of mAb against BSP were identified and measured by ELISA and Western blotting analysis. ResultsNine hybridoma cell lines that stably secreted mAb against BSP were successfully obtained.Two of them,D001 and D002,were further identified, which belonged to the subtypes of IgG1 and κ light chain. The two antibodies titers in culture supernatant were 1∶5120 and 1∶10 240, respectively, and those in the ascites fluid were 1∶25 600 and 1∶51 200,respectively.Results of Western blotting analysis and immunohistochemistry showed that the two antibodies could specifically bind with BSP derived from human breast cancer cells.ConclusionNine mAb against BSP have been successfully prepared which can be used for further studying the biological properties of BSP and reveal its relationship with data from clinic patients.

7.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 179-184, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440643

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of monoclonal antibody against stathmin 1 in combination with vinblastine on the proliferation of K562 cells. Methods K562 cells were treated with monoclonal antibody against stathmin 1, vinblastine alone or with their combination, 24, 48, 72, 96 hours later, inhabitation rate was studied by MTT assay;The apoptosis was analyzed by invert microscope and flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI. Results The quantity decreased and shape, size changed after treatment with different concentration of experimental groups. Monoclonal antibodies against stathmin 1 and vinblastine used alone or in combination both inhibited the proliferation of K562 cells,the inhibition ratio of their combination is higher (P <0. 05) ,and a synergistic effect of the two agents was noted in their combined action ( P < 0. 05 ). Combined treatment of the cells resulted in significantly higher apoptsis rate than that in the other groups (P <0. 05). Conclusion Monoclonal antibody against stathmin 1 and vinblastine used alone or in combination both can inhibite proliferation of K562 cells and induce apoptsis. A synergistic effect is observed between the monoclonal antibodies against stathmin 1 and vinblastine in their inhibition of K562 cell proliferation.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 219-221, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380152

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare the human dual-specificity protein phosphatase18 (Dusp18) monoclonal antibodies (McAb) with high titer and specificity and identify its characterization, which is based on further studying Dusp18 function. Methods BALB/c mice were immunized with purified recombinant Dusp18 protein. Cell fusion was performed between mouse splenic cells and myeloma cells (SP2/0), and then the hybridoma cell lines secreting McAb against Dusp18 antigen were screened and cloned. The ascites were prepared and purified with Protein G affinity chromatography. The titer and subtypes of McAb against Dusp18 were identified and measured by ELISA and Western blotting analysis. Results Two hybridoma cell lines, F003 and F004, that stably secreted McAb against Dusp18 were successfully obtained, which belong to the subtypes of IgG1 and k light chain. The antibody titers in culture supematant were 1:5120 and1:10 240, and those in the ascites fluid were 1:25 600 and 1:51 200 respectively. Western blotting analysis and immunohistochemistry showed that the two antibodies can specifically bind with Dusp18 derived from human eucaryotic cells or tissue. Conclusion Two McAb against Dusp18 have been successfully prepared which can be used for further studying the biological properties of Dusp18 and reveal its relationship with tumorigenesis and development.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409091

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone sialoprotein (BSP) gene is expressed in human breast cancer cells, in which bone metastasis occurs easily outside the mineralized tissue. Clinical observation shows that the expression level of BSP of breast cancer cells at bone metastasis is higher that at the primary site;therefore, BSP may be closely related to tumor specific bone metastasis.The study on breast cancer bone metastasis can provide new drug target for clinical prevention and treatment.OBJECTIVE: To establish breast cancer cell strains of BSP with stable expression and observe the effect of BSP in the whole process of breast cancer bone metastasis.DESIGN: Controlled experiment.SETTING: College of Biological Sciences and Engineering, South China University of Science and Technology; Medical Experiment Center,Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Area Command of Chinese PLA.MATERIALS: This experiment was conducted in the Medical Experimental Center,Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Area Command of Chinese PLA,betweer November 2003 and March 2004..pIRES2-EGFP vector (5.3 kb) was purchased from BD Biosciences Clontech Inc.; E.Coli.Top10, pB-hBSP plasmid containing the coding region of hbsp, and human breast carcinoma cells, MDA-MB-231BR that was specifically transferred to brain and MDA -MB-231BO that was specifically transferred to bone.METHODS: hbsp gene was subcloned from pB-hBSP vector by PCR. Bg1Ⅱ and Pst Ⅰ restriction enzyme sites were inserted at 5' and 3' ends, orientation cloned to eukaryon expression vector pIRES2-EGFP, and constructed recombinant vector pIRES2-EGFP. The constructed recombinant vector was transfected into MDA-MB-231BR that was specifically transferred to brain and MDA-MB-231BO that was specifically transferred to bone.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Construction of pIRES2-hBSP-EGFP recombinant expression vector; recombinant expression vector pIRES2-hBSP-EGFP transfecting breast cancer cells.Breast cancer strains specific in bone metastasis and brain metastasis were successfully transfected. The fluorescence labeling could be observed under the fluorescence microscope, and BSP had corresponding expression.CONCLUSION: The successful construction and transfection of pIRES2hBSP-EGFP of eukaryon expression vector would lay foundation for further study on the role of BSP in breast cancer metastasizing to bone in vivo or in vitro.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679956

ABSTRACT

Objective The study was aiming at elucidating the rale of BSP over-expression in enhancing osseous metastasis of breast cancer cells,in order to search for new drug targets for prevention and treatment of such metastasis.Methods Chicken embryo allantois membrane(CAM)was used in the experiment.Breast cancer cells were inoculated on the superior surface of CAM sac,then the vascular tissues were collected in lower sac after incubation.The human specific Alu gene was amplified by PCR with genomic DNA extracted as template.Breast cancer cells were incubated with bone,which had becn treated with collagenase and trypsinase,and then OD_(488) of breast cancer was assessed to evaluate the adhesive affinity of breast cancer cells to bone.Results The findings of CAM assay and PCR amplifica- tion using human Alu primers and genomic DNA showed that Alu gene was amplified from 4 of 5 in MDA-MB-231BO(pI)group and 3 of 5 in MDA-MB-231BO(pID)group,but not amplified in control group.In bone adhesion assay,the OD_(488) of digested bone after MDA- MB-231BO(pI)and MDA-MB-231BO(pID)adhering to bone were 0.58?0.046 and 0.49?0.039,respectively,which were larger than that of MDA-MB-231BO(0.26?0.021,P

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575733

ABSTRACT

【Objective】To investigate the therapeutic effect of Chinese herbal medicine combining with the therapeutic instrument of amblyopia for the treatment of amblyopia.【Methods】One hundred amblyopia patients were divided into group A(94 eyes in 50 cases) and group B(95 eyes in 50 cases) by the method of simple randomization.Patients in group B wore appropriate glasses,and covered the eye with a better sight when the sight difference over 2 lines or covered the eyes alternatively when the sight difference below 2 lines.Meanwhile,patients in group B were treated by the curative instrument of amblyopia(micro-lightbrush).Patients in group A were treated with herbal medicine with the actions of strengthening spleen and tonifying kidney,tonifying essence and nourishing blood(Radix Codonopsis,Rhizoma Dioscoreae,Fructus Lycii,Fructus Mori,Semen Cuscutae,Semen Cassiae,Rhizoma Polygonati,Radix Rehmanniae Preparata,Radix Paeoniae Alba,pericarpium Citri Reticulatae,Radix Puerariae) additonally.Fifteen days constituted one treatment course and an interval of 5 days was between two courses.The two groups were treated for one successive year.After treatment,the total therapeutic effect,effect in different age groups and effect in patients with different degrees of amblyopia were compared between the two groups.【Results】In group A,69(73.4%) eyes were cured,21(22.3%) effective and 4(4.3%) ineffective,and 58(61.1%),25(26.3%) and 12(12.6%)in group B,respectively.The total therapeutic effect in group A was superior to that in group B(P0.05),but the effect was superior to that on patients aged 9 years and older in the two groups(P0.05).However,for the patients with severe amblyopia,the effect was better in group A than that in group B(P

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529623

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of TCM syndromes of primary glaucoma to provide evidence for clinical treatment.Methods The disease course, eye pressure and clinical symptoms of 114 patients (120 eyes) with primary glaucoma were studied to analyze their TCM syndrome characteristics and distribution regularities.Results (1) In the primary glaucoma, the patients of liver excess syndrome were at the utmost and those of heart and lung qi deficiency syndrome the least. (2)The disease course of liver excess syndrome group was the shortest and that of spleen and kidney deficiency syndrome the longest (P

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558839

ABSTRACT

Objective Recent researches show that bone sialoprotein is closely related with metastasis of breast cancer to bone. In order to investigate the effect of bone sialoprotein in the course of metastasis of breast cancer to bone, the following study was undertaken. Methods The growth curve, clone formation and adherence of breast cancer cells experiments were carried out to study the effect of hBSP over-expression on biological behaviors of breast cancer cells. Results It was found that breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231BO(pI) and MDA-MB-231BO(pID) stably transfected with hBSP cDNA were not inhibited through proliferation assay of breast cancer cells. The activity and tumorigenicity of breast cancer cells with hBSP over-expression were enhanced. Comprising with MDA-MB-231BO non-transfected the colony formation percentage of breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231BO(pI) and MDA-MB-231BO(pID) increased from 8.90%?0.53% to 15.6%?0.94% and 12.8%?0.77%. The OD_ 620 value of adherence of breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231BO(pI) and MDA-MB-231BO(pID)increased from 0.29?0.017 to 0.52?0.031 and 0.43?0.026 respectively in cells attachment assay, which suggested that over-expression of hBSP enhances breast cancer cell MDA-MB-231BO adherence and attachment property. Conclusion The study results suggested that hBSP over-expression had autocrine effect on breast cancer cells and could enhance the ability of breast cancer cells metastasizing to bone.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556489

ABSTRACT

Objective To constitute a higher expression system and to obtain the breast cancer cell strains in which BSP is stably expressed. Methods hBSP gene was subcloned from pB-hBSP vector by PCR. The PCR fragment was inserted into the eukaryon expression vector, pIRES2-EGFP, which allow exogenous protein and EGFP to express respectively. The recombinant vector, pIRES2-hBSP-EGFP, was transfected into human breast cancer cells with Lipofectamine TM 2000. The expression of symbol protein EGFP, could be conveniently observed with fluorescent microscope. Results The recombinant pIRES2-hBSP-EGFP plasmid was constituted and successfully transfected into breast cancer cells. In the breast cancer cell strain hBSP and EGFP were expressed. Conclusion The successful constitution and transfection of hBSP and EGFP nonfusion expression vector laid a foundation for the further study on the effect of BSP on breast cancer metastasizing to bone in vivo or in vitro.

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