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1.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1048-1053, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of vagus nerve stimulation on postoperative cognitive dysfunction and the role of hippocampal insulin growth factor 1 signaling pathway in aged mice.Methods:Seventy-five clean-grade C57 mice of both sexes, aged 21-23 months, weighing 28-34 g, were divided into 5 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), operation group (group O), operation + vagus nerve stimulation group (group O+ V), operation + IGF-1 siRNA group (group O+ I) and operation + vagus nerve stimulation + IGF-1 siRNA group (group O+ V+ I). Group O underwent exploratory laparotomy.Group O+ V received a 30-min electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve (intensity 0.5 mA, frequency 20 Hz, time 30 s, 6 times, interval 5 min) after the end of exploratory laparotomy.Group O+ I underwent exploratory laparotomy and inhaled IGF-1 siRNA solution 10 μl intranasally at 24 h before surgery and 24 and 48 h after surgery.Group O+ V+ I underwent electrical vagus nerve stimulation after exploratory laparotomy and inhaled IGF-1 siRNA solution 10 μl intranasally at 24 h before surgery and 24 and 48 h after surgery.Morris water maze tests were performed on 14-18 days after operation.On day 7 after operation, the mice were sacrificed and the hippocampus was obtained for determination of the expression of Bax, ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba-1), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R), phosphorylated IGF1R (p-IGF1R), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and activated caspase-3 by Western blot. Results:Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly prolonged on days 16-18 after operation, the frequency of crossing the platform was reduced, the time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, the expression of IGF-1 and p-IGF1R was down-regulated, and the expression of Iba-1, IL-1β, activated caspase-3 and Bax was up-regulated in group O ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the escape latency was significantly shortened on days 16-18 after operation, the frequency of crossing the platform was increased, the time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged, the expression of IGF-1 and p-IGF1R was up-regulated, and the expression of Iba-1, IL-1β, activated caspase-3 and Bax was down-regulated in group O+ V ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group O+ I ( P>0.05). Compared with group O+ V, the escape latency was significantly prolonged on days 16-18 after operation, the frequency of crossing the platform was reduced, the time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, the expression of IGF-1 and p-IGF1R was down-regulated, and the expression of Iba-1, IL-1β, activated caspase-3 and Bax was up-regulated in group O+ V+ I ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of IGF1R among the four groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Vagus nerve stimulation can reduce postoperative cognitive dysfunction, and the mechanism is related to activation of IGF-1 signaling pathway and reduction of hippocampal neuroinflammation and neuronal apoptosis in aged mice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 293-298, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of metastatic lymph node radio (rN) and pathological lymph node stage (pN) in evaluating the prognosis of patients after radical gastric cancer.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 491 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy in Tantai Yantaishan Hospital from Jan. 2013 to Dec. 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. X-tile software was used to group the metastatic lymph node radio by rN. According to the number of lymph node metastasis, pN stage was performed. The correlation between metastatic lymph node radio and other clinicopathological factors was assessed. The metastatic lymph node radio and the pathological lymph node stage in evaluating the prognosis of patients after radical gastric cancer were compared.Results:(1) X-tile analysis showed that the best cut-off values for the metastatic lymph node radio in this study were 0.14 (14%) and 0.63 (63%) . (2) According to the cut-off value, the 491 patients included in the study were divided into rN1 (256 cases) , rN2 (160 cases) , and rN3 (75 cases) three subgroups. The results of the analysis of differences showed that there were significant differencesbetween the groups in terms of tumor diameter, tumor location, surgical resection range, stage, lauren classification, degree of differentiation, pT, pN, vascular cancer emboulus, nerve invasion, and pathological TNM staging groups. (3) Comparison of rN and pN staging in evaluation of the prognosis of patients after radical gastric cancer: ①Kaplan-Meier survival analysis results showed that rN was better than pN. ② Both single factor and multivariate cox analysis showed that rN was an independent risk factor for the prognosis of gastric cancer. In univariate analysis, rN group HR=3.18 (95% CI 2.63-3.84, P<0.001) , pN stage HR=1.88 (95% CI 1.66-2.15, P<0.001) ; rN group HR=2.21 in multivariate analysis (95% CI 1.73-2.82, P<0.001) , pN staging HR=1.31 (95% CI 0.95-1.79, P=0.095) . ③The time-dependent ROC analysis showed that the prognostic ability of rN was better than pN staging before 52 months of postoperative follow-up, and pN staging was more advantageous after 52 months. ④The Lauren classification was used as a stratification factor for stratified analysis. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve indicated that rN was better than pN staging in intestinal, mixed and diffuse gastric cancer, and the AUC curve showed the prediction of rN in patients with mixed and diffuse gastric cancer was better than pN staging, while pN staging performance was slightly better in patients with intestinal gastric cancer. Conclusions:rN is an independent factor affecting the prognosis of patients after radical gastric cancer surgery. When judging the prognosis of patients within 52 months after radical gastric cancer, rN has a better prognostic value than pN. In patients with mixed and diffuse gastric cancer in the Lauren classification, rN shows better prognostic value.

3.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 181-184, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of intranasal administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on postoperative cognitive dysfunction in aged rats.Methods:Forty healthy Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes, aged 21-23 months, weighing 480-600 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), operation group (group O), intranasal administration of low-dose GDNF group (group G1) and intranasal administration of high-dose GDNF group (group G2). Rats underwent exploratory laparotomy under anesthesia with chloral hydrate in O, G1 and G2 groups, while the rats in group S only received sham operation.The rats in group G1 and group G2 were intranasally treated with GDNF 25 and 50 μg (in 25 μl of PBS), respectively, and PBS 25 μl was nasally administered in group S and group O every day for 3 consecutive days after operation or sham operation.Morris water maze test was performed on days 3-7 after surgery, and then the rats were sacrificed, and hippocampal tissues were removed for determination of the expression of GDNF, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), activated caspase-3 and Bax (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly prolonged on days 5-7 after operation, the number of crossing the platform was reduced, time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, expression of GDNF was down-regulated, and expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, HMGB1, activated caspase-3 and Bax in hippocampi was up-regulated in group O, and the number of crossing the platform was reduced, time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, and expression of IL-1β and TNF-α was up-regulated in G1 and G2 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the escape latency was significantly shortened on days 5-7 after operation, the number of crossing the platform was increased, time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged, expression of GDNF was up-regulated, expression of TNF-α, HMGB1, activated caspase-3 and Bax in hippocampi was down-regulated in G1 and G2 groups, and IL-1β in hippocampi was down-regulated in group G1 ( P<0.05). Compared with group G1, the expression of TNF-α in hippocampi was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the other parameters mentioned above in group G2 ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Intranasal administration of GDNF can improve postoperative cognitive dysfunction, and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting neuroinflammatory responses and neuroapoptosis in aged rats.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 588-591, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor agonist DA-JC4 on postoperative neuroinflammatory responses in aged rats.Methods:Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 21-23 months, weighing 530-630 g, provided by the Animal Experiment Center of Medical School of Zhengzhou University, were assigned into 3 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), operation group (group O) and DA-JC4 group (group G). Rats underwent exploratory laparotomy under anesthesia with chloral hydrate in O and G groups.In group G, DA-JC4 10 nmol/kg (dissolved in 1 ml of sterile normal saline) was intraperitoneally injected immediately after the end of operation and at 24 and 48 h after operation.Western blot was used to determine the expression of hippocampal Bax, Bcl-2, activated caspase-3, Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3Ⅱ (LC3Ⅱ), high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) on day 3 after surgery.The Morris water maze test was performed on days 14-18 after operation to assess the cognitive function. Results:Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly prolonged on days 15-18 after operation in group O and on day 18 after operation in group G, and the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, the expression of activated caspase-3, Bax, LC3Ⅱ, HMGB1, IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampi was up-regulated, and the expression of Bcl-2, LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 was down-regulated in O and G groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the escape latency was significantly shortened, and the number of crossing the original platform was increased, the time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged, the expression of activated caspase-3, Bax, LC3Ⅱ, HMGB1, IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampi was down-regulated, and the expression of Bcl-2, LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 was up-regulated in group G ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which DA-JC4 reduces postoperative cognitive dysfunction may be related to inhibiting neuroinflammatory responses in aged rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 637-640, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755624

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of exercise training on heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) expression during endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats.Methods Thirty-two SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 175-220 g,were divided into 4 groups (n=8 each) using a random number table method:control group (group C),group ALI,low-intensity exercise training group (group ET1) and high-intensity exercise training group (group ET2).The rats in ET1 and ET2 groups received 2-and 4-week treadmill exercise training before establishing the ALI model,while the rats in C and ALI groups received no training.ALI was induced by intravenously injecting 5 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide via the tail vein in ALI,ET1 and ET2 groups,and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group C.The animals were sacrificed,and the lungs were harvested for microscopic examination of the pathological changes of lung tissues which were also scored and for determination of wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio),concentrations of total protein,interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF),and expression of HSP70 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in lung tissues by Western blot.Results Compared with group C,the W/D ratio and pathological changes of lung tissues were significantly increased,the concentrations of total protein,IL-1 β and TNF-α in BALF were increased,the expression of NF-κB was up-regulated (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in HSP70 expression in group ALI(P>0.05).Compared with group ALI,the W/D ratio and pathological changes of lung tissues were significantly decreased,the concentrations of total protein,IL-1β and TNF-α in BALF were decreased,the expression of HSP70 was up-regulated,and the expression of NF-κB was down-regulated in ET1 and ET2 groups (P<0.05).Conclusion Exercise training can attenuate the endotoxin-induced ALI through relieving the inflammatory responses,which may be related to up-regulating HSP70 expression in the lung of rats.

6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 494-497, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755590

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 ( Nrf2 ) signaling pathway in endoplasmic reticulum stress response during lipopolysaccharide ( LPS)-induced acute lung injury ( ALI) in mice. Methods Forty clean-grade healthy male C57BL∕6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 22-26 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: control group ( group C) , group ALI, salubrinal group ( group S) and salubrinal plus brusatol group ( group S+B) . Animals were intratracheally instilled with 5 mg∕kg of LPS diluted in normal saline to establish the model of ALI. Animals were intratracheally instilled with 100 μl of normal saline in group C. Mice in group S were intraperitoneally injected with endoplasmic reticulum stress response inhibitor 1 mg∕kg salubrinal at 1 and 24 h after LPS instillation. Mice of group S+B were intraperitoneally injected with brusatol 2 mg∕kg once every other day for 10 days prior to LPS instillation, and the other treatments were similar to those previously de-scribed in group S. Mice were sacrificed at 48 h after LPS administration, and lungs were removed for mi-croscopic examination of the pathological changes of lung tissues which were scored and for determination of contents of IL-17A, tumor necrosis factor-alpha ( TNF-α) and interleukin-6 ( IL-6) in lung tissues ( by en-zyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and expression of Nrf2, CCAAT∕enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) and caspase-12 in lung tissues (by Western blot). Lung water content was calculated. Results Compared with group C, the lung water content and contents of IL-17A, TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased, the expression of CHOP and caspase-12 in cytoplasma was up-regulated, and the ex-pression of Nrf2 in nuclei was down-regulated in ALI and S+B groups, and the lung water content and con-tents of IL-17A, TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased, the expression of Nrf2 in nuclei and CHOP in cytoplasma was up-regulated, and the expression of caspase-12 was down-regulated in group S ( P<0. 05) . Compared with group ALI, the lung water content and contents of IL-17A, TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly decreased, the expression of CHOP and caspase-12 in cytoplasma was down-regulated, the ex-pression of Nrf2 in nuclei was up-regulated ( P<0. 05) , and the pathological changes were significantly at-tenuated in group S. Compared with group S, the lung water content and contents of IL-17A, TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased, the expression of CHOP and caspase-12 in cytoplasma was up-regulated, the expression of Nrf2 in nuclei was down-regulated ( P<0. 05) , and the pathological changes of lung tis-sues were accentuated in group S+B. Conclusion Nrf2 signaling pathway is involved in the process of en-doplasmic reticulum stress response during LPS-induced ALI in mice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1513-1516, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745645

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) signaling pathway and regulatory T cells (Tregs) during vagus nerve stimulation-induced reduction of endotoxin-caused acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.Methods Clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6 mice,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 22-25 g,were divided into 5 groups (n=10 each) using a random number table method:control group (group C),group ALI,vagus nerve stimulation group (group VNS),α-BGT group (group α-BGT) and vagus nerve stimulation plus α-BGT group (group VNS + α-BGT).After successful establishment of the model,the vagus nerve was stimulated for 30 s with a stimulus intensity of 0.5 mA,frequency of 20 Hz,an interval of 5 min,60 min in total.Sterile normal saline 100 μl was injected into the trachea,and the vagus nerve was only exposed but not stimulated in group C.In group ALI,the ALI model was established,and the vagus nerve was isolated but not stimulated.In group α-BGT,α-BGT 1 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected,the ALI model was established 1 h later,and the vagus nerve was isolated but not stimulated.In group VNS+α-BGT,α-BGT 1 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected,the ALI model was established 1 h later,and the vagus nerve was stimulated at 1 h after the end of establishment.Animals were sacrificed at 72 h after establishing the model,and lungs were removed for determination of lung water content,percentage of Tregs (using flow cytometry),myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity (by colorimetric assay),expression of α7nAChR (by Western blot) and contents of interleukin-10 (IL-10),transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and IL-1β (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).Results Compared with group C,the lung water content,MPO activity and IL-1β content were significantly increased in the other four groups,the expression of α7nAChR was significantly down-regulated in ALI,α-BGT and VNS+α-BGT groups,the percentage of Tregs was significantly increased in group VNS,the IL-10 content was significantly decreased in ALI and α-BGT groups and increased in VNS and VNS+α-BGT groups,and TGF-β contents were significantly decreased in ALI,α-BGT and VNS+α-BGT groups and increased in group VNS (P<0.05).Compared with group ALI,the lung water content,MPO activity and IL-1β content were significantly decreased,the expression of α7nAChR was up-regulated,and the percentage of Tregs and contents of IL-10 and TGF-β were increased in group VNS,and the TGF-β content in group α-BGT and contents of IL-10 and TGF-β in group VNS+α-BGT were significantly increased (P<0.05).Compared with group VNS,the lung water content,MPO activity and IL-1β content were significantly increased,the expression of α7nAChR was down-regulated,and the percentage of Tregs and contents of IL-10 and TGF-β were decreased in α-BGT and VNS+α-BGT groups (P<0.05).The contents of IL-1O and TGF-β were significantly higher in group VNS+α-BGT than in group α-BGT (P<0.05).Conclusion Vagus nerve stimulation can activate α7nAChR signaling pathway and raise the percentage of Tregs,thus reducing ALI in mice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 245-249, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709734

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling pathway in remote ischemic preconditioning-induced reduction of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.Methods Sixty-eight healthy male C57BL/6 mice,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 22-26 g,were divided into 4 groups (n =17 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),ALI group,remote ischemic preconditioning group (group RIPC) and brusatol plus remote ischemic preconditioning group (group B+RIPC).Normal saline 100 μl was intratracheally instilled in group C.ALI was induced by intratracheal instillation of LPS 5 mg/kg in group ALI.Mice in group RIPC were subjected to 6 cycles of 5-min ischemia followed by 5-min reperfusion in the right hindlimbs using a tourniquet,and 1 h later the model of ALI was established.Nrf2 inhibitor brusatol 2 mg/kg (in 100 μl of 1% dimethyl sulfoxide) was intraperitoneally injected every other day for 10 days prior to establishment of the ALI model in group B.Brusatol 2 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected every other day for 10 days prior to establishment of the ALI model,and remote ischemic preconditioning was performed at 1 h before establishment of the ALI model in group B+RIPC.Seven mice in each group were selected at 24 h after establishment of the ALI model,and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determination of protein concentrations and neutrophil count.Mice were then sacrificed and lungs were removed for determination of lung water content,myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity,contents of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),and expression of Nrf2,HO-1 and high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) in lung tissues (by Western blot) and for examination of pathological changes (with a light microscope).Results Compared with group C,the lung water content,MPO activity,contents of IL-1β and TNF-α,and neutrophil count and protein concentrations in BALF were significantly increased,and the expression of Nrf2,HO-1 and HMGB1 was up-regulated in group ALI (P< 0.05).Compared with group ALI,the lung water content,MPO activity,contents of IL-1β and TNF-α,and neutrophil count and protein concentrations in BALF were significantly decreased,the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was up-regulated,and the expression of HMGB1 was down-regulated (P<0.05),and the pathological changes were significantly attenuated in group RIPC.Compared with group RIPC,the lung water content,MPO activity,contents of IL-1β and TNF-α,and neutrophil count and protein concentrations in BALF were significantly increased,the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was down-regulated,and the expression of HMGB1 was up-regulated (P<0.05),and the pathological changes were aggravated in group B+RIPC.Conclusion The activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway is involved in remote ischemic preconditioning-induced reduction of LPS-induced ALI in mice.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1857-1861, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692027

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of transient receptor potential melastatin 7(TRPM7) in sevoflurane preconditioning for inhibiting hippocampal neurons apoptosis and inflammation response induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation(OGD).Methods Fifty SD rats of postnatal 1 d were selected for extracting hippocampal neurons and randomly divided into 5 groups,including the control group(C),sevoflurane preconditioning group (Sev),OGD group,Sev preconditioningt OGD group (Sev + OGD) and Sev preconditioning+ bradykinin+OGD group(combined group).After 1.5 h oxygen-glucose deprivation,reintroduction was performed,and then the normal culture was performed again for preparing the OGD model.Hippocampal neurons in the control group were normally cultured only;which in the Sev group conducted 2 % Sev preconditioning for 1 h;which in the OGD group only prepared the OGD model;which in the SEv+OGD conducted 2% Sev preconditioning for 1 h,and prepared the OGD model after 24 h;which in the combined group was simultaneously added with bradykinin(final concentration 200μmol/L) in Sev preconditioning,other treatment was same to that in the Sev+OGD group.After 24 h normal culture,the mRNA and protein levels of TRPM7,apoptosis rate,survival rate,mRNA and supernatant protein levels of IL-1β and TNF-α of the hippocampal neurons were detected.Results Compared with the control group,hippocampal neurons mRNA and protein levels of TRPM7,apoptosis rate,mRNA and supernatant protein levels of IL-1β and TNF-α in the OGD group were significantly increased(P<0.05),whereas the survival rate was significantly decreased (P < 0.05).Compared with the OGD group,hippocampal neurons mRNA and protein levels of TRPM7,apoptosis rate,mRNA and supernatant protein levels of IL-1β and TNF-α in the Sev group were significantly decreased(P<0.05),whereas the survival rate was significantly increased(P<0.05).Compared with the Sev group,hippocampal neurons mRNA and protein levels of TRPM7,apoptosis rate,the mRNA and supernatant protein levels of IL-1β and TNF-α in the combined group were significantly increased(P<0.05),whereas the survival rate was significantly decreased(P<0.05).Conclusion Sev preconditioning can attenuate hippocampal neurons apoptosis and inflammatory response after OGD via alleviating the overexpression of TRPM7.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4771-4773, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664407

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of intrathecal dexmedetomidine administration on the development of morphine tolerance and spinal inflammatory responses.Methods Thirty-three male SD rats weighing 180~200 g were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=11):Saline group (group NS),Morphine group (group M) and Dexmedetomidine group (group Dex).Animals of group NS were intrathecally injected with 10 tμL of saline daily for seven days;Animals in group M were intrathecally injected with 15 μg of morphine daily for seven days;Animals in group Dex were intrathecally injected with a mixture of 15μg morphine and 1.5 μg dexmedetomidine daily for seven days.At 1,3,5 and 7 day of intrathecal injection,hot water tail-flick test were used to evaluate analgesic response to thermal stimuli.After the last episode of behavioral test,Western blot analysis was applied to determine the protein levels of Iba-1 (microglial marker),IL-1β,TNF-a and phospho-p38MAPK (p-p38) in the spinal cord.In addition,microglia in the spinal cord was immuno-stained with anti-Iba-1 antibody and the densities of microglia were calculated.Results In group M and Dex,the values of maximal possible effect (MPE) in tail-flick test decreased gradually along with repeated morphine administration (P<0.05).Compared with group NS,the values of MPE in tail-flick test at 1,3,5 and 7 day of morphine tolerance were higher in group M (P<0.05).Compared with group M,the values of MPE in tail-flick test at 3,5 and 7 day of morphine tolerance were higher in group Dex (P<0.05).Compared with group NS,the spinal protein levels of Iba-1,IL-1L TNF-α and p-p38 as well as the density of Iba-1 positive cells in group M were increased (P<0.05).However,Compared with group M,the of Iba-1,IL-1β,TNF-α and p-p38 as well as the density of Iba-1 positive cells were decreased(P<0.05).Conclusion Intrathecal dexmedetomidine administration can attenuate morphine tolerance by inhibiting microglia-mediated inflammatory responses in the spinal cord.

11.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 456-460, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493502

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided paravertebral nerve block on stress reaction in patients undergoing esophageal resection. Methods Eighty patients scheduled to do the operation of esophageal resection were randomly divided into two groups with 40 cases in each group. The patients in group A were given the general anesthesia combined with ultrasound-guided paravertebral block, and the patients in group B were given the general anesthesia only. Both of two groups received postoperative patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). The amount of propofol and remifen-tanil used were recorded. The data of blood pressure, heart rate (HR) and pulseoxygen saturation (SpO2) before anesthesia (T1), before induction (T2), after intubation (T3), in 2 h of surgery (T4), after surgery (T5), 1 h after surgery (T6), 8 h after surgery (T7), 24 h after surgery (T8), 48 h after surgery (T9)were recorded. The analgesic effect was measured by VAS scores and Ramsay sedation scores were also recorded at T6-T10. The levels of blood glucose, epinephrine (E), norcpincphrinc (NE) and dopamine (DA) were also detected at T1, T4, T5, T9. Results The amount of propofol and remifentanil used in group A were lower than those in group B: (960.0 ± 216.9) mg vs. (1 242.5 ± 200.2) mg, (1.5 ± 0.4) mg vs. (2.3 ± 0.4) mg, P0.05). The levels of blood glucose and NE at T9 were significantly higher than those at T1, T4 or T5 of same group, P<0.05.The level of E at T4 and T5 was significantly lower than that at T1 and T9 of same group, P<0.05. The level of DA at T9 was significantly higher than that at T1, T4 and T5 in group B (P<0.05). The levels of blood glucose, NE, E and DA at T9 in group B were significantly higher than those in group A (P<0.05). Conclusions General anesthesia combined with ultrasound-guided paravertebral nerve block could offer favorable anaesthesia effect. It could decrease stress reaction and anesthetics requirements in patients undergoing esophageal resection.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 372-375, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493070

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on acute lung injury induced by scalds in rats.Methods Seventy-five male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 200-220 g,were randomly divided into 5 groups (n =15 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),scald group (group S),dexmedetomidine group (group D),α-bungarotoxin (α-BGT) group,and dexmedetomidine+ α-BGT group (group D+α-BGT).About 30% of the total body surface was shaved and then exposed to 98 ℃ water for 12 s in S,D,α-BGT and D+α-BGT groups.The back of rats was exposed to 37 ℃ water for 12 s in group C.Rats were resuscitated with lactated Ringer's solution injected intraperitoneally according to Parkland formula within 24 h after establishment of the model.In D,α-BGT,and D+α-BGT groups,dexrnedetomidine 40 μg/kg,α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist α-BGT 1 μg/kg,and α-BGT 1 μg/kg plus dexmedetomidine 40 μg/kg were injected intraperitoneally,respectively,at 15 min before establishnent of the model.At 24 h after establishment of the model,the rats were sacrificed,and lungs were removed for examination of the pathological changes and for determination of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity,in terleukin-1beta (IL-1β),tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),and IL-6 contents (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay),and nucleoprotein factor kappa B (NF-κB) (by Western blot).The lung water content [(wet weight-dry weight)÷wet weight× 100%] was calculated.Results Compared with group C,the lung water content,MPO activities,and contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased,and the expression of NF-κB was up-regulated in S,α-BGT and D groups (P<0.05).Compared with group S,the lung water content,MPO activities,and contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly decreased,and the expression of NF-κB was down-regulated in D and D+α-BGT groups (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above (P>0.05),and the pathological changes were significantly attenuated in group α-BGT.Compared with group D,the lung water content,MPO activities,and contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased,the expression of NF-κB was up-regulated (P<0.05),and the pathological changes were aggravated in group D + α-BGT.Conclusion Dexmedetomidine can mitigate scalds-induced acute lung injury in rats.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 765-768, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497003

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) in reduction of endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) by limb ischemic preconditioning in mice.Methods Eighty healthy male C57BL/6 mice,aged 8-10 weeks,weighing 22-26 g,were randomly divided into 5 groups (n =16 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),ALI group,limb ischemic preconditioning group (group P),α-bungarotoxin (α-BGT) group,and limb ischemic preconditioning +α-BGT group (group P+α-BGT).Normal saline 100 μl was intratracheally instilled in group C.In group ALI,lipopolysaccharide 5 mg/kg was intratracheally instilled (in normal saline) to establish the model of endotoxin-induced ALI.In group P,the mice were subjected to 6 cycles of 5-min ischemia of the right hindlimb followed by 5-min reperfusion,and then the model of ALI was established.In group α-BGT,α-BGT 1 μg/kg was injected intraperitoneally before establishment of the model.In group P+α-BGT,limb ischemic preconditioning was performed,α-BGT 1 μg/kg was then injected intraperitoneally,and the model of ALI was established.At 24 h after LPS instillation,6 mice were selected from each group and sacrificed,and lungs were removed for microscopic examination and for determination of wet and dry lung weight,myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities,contents of interleukin-lbeta (IL-1β),tumor necrosis factoralpha (TNF-α) and IL-6,and expression of α7nAChR and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in lung tissues.The lung water content was calculated.The survival of the left 10 mice in each group was observed at 7 days after establishment of the model,and the survival rate was calculated.Results Compared with group C,the lung water content,MPO activities,contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6,and HMGB1 expression were significantly increased,α7nAChR expression was significantly down-regulated,and the 7-day survival rate was significantly decreased in group ALI(P<0.05).Compared with group ALI,the lung water content,MPO activities,contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6,and HMGB1 expression were significantly decreased,α7nAChR expression was significantly up-regulated,and the 7-day survival rate was significantly increased in group P (P<0.05).Compared with group P,the lung water content,MPO activities,contents of IL-1β,TNF-α and IL-6,and HMGB1 expression were significantly increased,α7nAChR expression was significantly down-regulated,and the 7-day survival rate was significantly decreased in group P+α-BGT (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which limb ischemic preconditioning inhibits inflammatory responses and reduces endotoxin-induced ALI is related to activation of α7nAChR in mice.

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2346-2347,2351, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604116

ABSTRACT

Objective Summarize the experiences of treating after-operation ventricular electrical storm (VES) with extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) .Methods Examine the clinical data of seven cases of treating after-operation VES with ECMO from January 2013 to April 2014 and analyze the basic pre-operation conditions of the patients ,diagnoses ,causes of VES ,ai-ding processes with ECMO ,and prognoses .Results Seven patients all were successfully separated from the machine after the treat -ment ,one patient infected seriously after being separated from the machine ,having multiple organ failure one week later and dis-charged voluntarily ;one patient having cerebral hemorrhage two days later after being separated from the machine and discharged voluntarily ;the remaining five patients cured and discharged with no complications .Conclusion ECMO can provide effective circu-lar support to patients suffering VES after heart operation ,maintaining coronary blood supply ,avoiding further myocardial damage , stabilizing electrolytes and the internal environment ,and gain time for restoration of heart rhythm and treatment according to the causes and triggers .

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2053-2056, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487146

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a dietary modification intervention model applied by ward nurse on change of dietary behavior among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods A total of 80 participants were divided into intervention patients (n=40) and control subjects (n=40) by random number table.Except lecture-based diabetes educational which was applied for control subjects,a dietary modification intervention model was conducted in intervention patients for a period of two weeks.The intervention program consisted of evaluating an individual's stage of change after being provided dietary information regarding kind of food and portions,discussion with a role model,and keeping a food diary record.Body mass index (BMI),waist-hip ratio (WHR),fasting plasma glucose (FPG),postprandial 2-h plasma glucose (2hPG),glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) and score of healthy eating behavior were measured at initial and six months later.Results Compared with control group,BMI,WHR,FPG,2hPG,HbA1c in intervention group were significantly decreased,P < 0.01 or 0.05.After six months intervention,FPG,2hPG and HbA1c in both groups were significantly decreased compared with baseline levels,P< 0.01.Compared with control group,the scores of healthy eating behavior in intervention group were significantly decreased,P< 0.05.After six months intervention,the scores of healthy eating behavior in both groups were significantly elevated,P < 0.01,compared with baseline levels.Conclusions This study yielded evidence for the benefits of using the dietary modification intervention model as a framework in healthy eating behavior among patients with T2DM.

16.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 31-33, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399487

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize anesthetic management for 56 patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG). Methods Recorded and analyzed the hemodynamie changes of 56 patients undergoing OPCABG including heart rate (HR),rate-pressure product (RPP), mean arterial pressure(MAP), mean pulmonary artery pressure(MPAP), central venous pressure (CVP), cardiac output (CO) and mixed venous oxygen saturation when left anterior descending (LAD), right coronary artery (RCA), diagonal (DiAG) and left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) was anastmosed. Results The patients undergoing OPCABG had hemodynamic fluctuation during vascular anastomosis, mainly showing MAP and CO decreased, CVP increased. The change was especially significant when the LCX or RCX was anastmosed. The based value, when LAD and RCA anastmosed of MAP were (82.0±11.7) mm Hg(1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa), (60.1±11.5) mm Hg and (58.4±12.1) mm Hg, CO were (4.2±1.2) L/min, (3.1±0.7) L/min and (3.2±0.6) L/min, CVP were (5.6±2.6) cm H2O (1 cm H2O=0.098 kPa), (9.6±4.4) cm H2O and (9.2±3.6) cm H2O. Conclusion The hemodynamie changes during OPCABG,especially in LCX and RCA anastmesed are transient and well tolerated under suitable anesthetic management.

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