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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 451-457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995750

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the clinical laboratory genetic diagnosis procedures for Marfan syndrome (MFS) and carry out clinical laboratory genetic diagnosis for MFS families.Methods:The second generation high-throughput sequencing was used to sequence and analyze the FBN1 gene of two MFS families who visited to Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital (Heart Center of Henan People′s Hospital) from January to December 2020, and then Sanger sequencing was used to verify the second generation high-throughput sequencing results. At the same time, the sanger sequencing of mutation sites was performed on normal family members and 100 healthy people to identify the pathogenic mutations of FBN1 gene in the MFS families. The pregnant women of two families were guided for prenatal diagnosis in the second trimester of pregnancy.Results:The clinical laboratory diagnosis of MFS showed that two MFS patients had the pathogenic mutation of c.2560T>C heterozygous mutation and c.6772T>C heterozygous mutation in FBN1 gene, respectively. The mutation was not observed in 100 healthy people and normal members in two families. The prenatal diagnosis showed that there was a heterozygous mutation of FBN1 gene c.2560T>C in the first fetus of the MFS family, which was MFS. There was no mutation in the FBN1 gene in the second fetus of the MFS family, so it was recommended to continue the pregnancy. The results of postpartum follow-up were consistent with the results of clinical laboratory diagnosis.Conclusion:The clinical laboratory genetic diagnosis procedures for MFS have been established successfully, which provides an important reference for clarifying the clinical diagnosis of MFS.

2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 26-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the genetic etiology and prognosis in fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT) in order to assist in the clinical prenatal genetic counseling and diagnosis.Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 1 658 cases of singleton pregnancy (<35 years old) receiving invasive prenatal diagnosis, including karyotype analysis and/or chromosome microarray analysis or copy number variation (CNV) sequencing, due to NT value ≥2.5 mm in the first trimester in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from August 2014 to December 2021. They were divided into different groups according to the thickness of NT (≥2.5-<3.0, ≥3.0-<3.5, ≥3.5-<4.5, ≥4.5-<5.5, ≥5.5-<6.5 and ≥6.5 mm groups) and abnormal ultrasound findings (isolated increased NT group, increased NT complicated by soft markers/non-severe structural abnormality group and increased NT complicated by severe structural abnormality group). The results of invasive prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy outcomes were compared between different groups using Chi-square test and trend Chi-square test. Results:The detection rates of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes were 15.8% (262/1 658) and 17.6% (252/1 431) when the NT thickness cut-off value were 2.5 mm or 3.0 mm, respectively. Overall, the detection rate of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes increased with thickness of NT ( χ2trend=180.75, P<0.001), ranging from 6.6% (44/671) in the NT≥2.5-<3.5 mm group to 45.6% (113/248) in the NT≥5.5 mm group. The incidence of pathogenic/likely pathogenic CNV(P/LP CNV) did not increased with NT thickness ( χ2trend=3.26, P=0.071), and the highest detection rate was observed in the NT≥4.5-<5.5 mm group (9.0%, 19/211). The detection rate of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes plus P/LP CNV in the isolated NT≥2.5-<3.0 mm group and NT≥3.0-<3.5 mm group were 5.3% (10/188) and 9.6% (36/375), respectively, however, the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=3.06, P=0.080). The detection rates of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes plus P/LP CNV in the isolated NT≥3.5-<4.5 mm group and NT≥2.5-<3.0 mm complicated by soft markers/ non-severe structural abnormality group were 12.7% (52/410) and 24.1% (7/29), respectively, and the risk were 2.6 times (95% CI: 1.3-5.2) and 5.7 times (95% CI: 2.0-16.4) of the isolated NT≥2.5-<3.0 mm group, respectively. The pregnancy termination rate increased with the NT thickness ( χ2trend=304.42, P<0.001), ranging from 10.8% (23/212) in the NT≥2.5-<3.0 mm group to 90.7% (117/129) in the NT≥6.5 mm group. After exclusion of the pregnancies terminated due to numerical abnormalities of chromosomes and P/LP CNV, 87.6% (862/984) of the fetus with increased NT were born alive. Conclusions:The detection rate of numerical abnormalities of chromosomes increases with the thickness of NT. Invasive prenatal diagnosis is required for non-advance aged singleton pregnant women when fetuses present with isolated NT≥2.5 mm with or without soft markers/structural abnormalities.

3.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 4-4, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971194

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common congenital malformations in humans. Inconsistent results emerged in the existed studies on associations between air pollution and congenital heart disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of gestational exposure to air pollutants with congenital heart disease, and to explore the critical exposure windows for congenital heart disease.@*METHODS@#The nested case-control study collected birth records and the following health data in Tianjin Women and Children's Health Center, China. All of the cases of congenital heart disease from 2013 to 2015 were selected matching five healthy controls for each case. Inverse distance weighting was used to estimate individual exposure based on daily air pollution data. Furthermore, the conditional logistic regression with distributed lag non-linear model was performed to identify the association between gestational exposure to air pollution and congenital heart disease.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8,748 mother-infant pairs were entered into the analysis, of which 1,458 infants suffered from congenital heart disease. For each 10 µg/m3 increase of gestational exposure to PM2.5, the ORs (95% confidence interval, 95%CI) ranged from 1.008 (1.001-1.016) to 1.013 (1.001-1.024) during the 1st-2nd gestation weeks. Similar weak but increased risks of congenital heart disease were associated with O3 exposure during the 1st week and SO2 exposure during 6th-7th weeks in the first trimester, while no significant findings for other air pollutants.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study highlighted that gestational exposure to PM2.5, O3, and SO2 had lag effects on congenital heart disease. Our results support potential benefits for pregnancy women to the mitigation of air pollution exposure in the early stage, especially when a critical exposure time window of air pollutants may precede heart development.


Subject(s)
Infant , Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Air Pollutants/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/etiology , China/epidemiology , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Maternal Exposure/adverse effects
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 31-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970873

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a Chinese pedigree affected with pseudohypoparathyroidism.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the proband and his parents were collected and subjected to trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES). Candidate variants were verified among the pedigree and 50 randomly selected healthy individuals through analysis of restriction fragment length polymorphism. Short tandem repeat (STR) linkage analysis was used to verify the parental origin of the pathogenic variants.@*RESULTS@#Trio-WES and Sanger sequencing showed that the proband and his mother had both harbored a c.121C>G (p.His41Asp) variant of the GNAS gene, which was not found in other family members and the 50 healthy controls. The variant was not found in international databases. Based on guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was predicted to be likely pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel c.121C>G variant of the GNAS gene probably underlay the disease in this pedigree. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of GNAS gene variants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pedigree , East Asian People , Mothers , Exome Sequencing , Pseudohypoparathyroidism/genetics , Mutation , China , Chromogranins/genetics , GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 466-471, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957865

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinicopathological features of end-stage lung disease complicated with neuroendocrine carcinoma after lung transplantation (LT).Methods:From April 2017 to December 2021, 5 cases of neuroendocrine cancer were diagnosed as end-stage lung disease by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and immunohistochemical stain.Clinical follow-up data, histological characteristics and immunophenotyping were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The ratio of male-to-female in five recipients was 4: 1 and the average age 64(56-73) years.Three cases were idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis concomitant with small cell carcinoma (including 1 case of combined small cell carcinoma), bronchiectasis plus carcinoid carcinoma (n=1) and connective tissue disease-related fibrosis plus carcinoid carcinoma (n=1). HE stain indicated that morphological spectrum changed from neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia to carcinoid in transplanted lung of bronchiectasis.Immunohistochemical stain indicated that neuroendocrine markers CgA, Syn, CD56 and epithelial markers AE1/AE3, TTF-1 were positive for small cell carcinoma and carcinoid.Ki-67 index of small cell carcinoma (n=2) and combined small cell carcinoma (n=1) was 80% and Ki-67 index of carcinoid (n=2) was ≤1%.Until the last follow-up, 3/5 patients survived and the remaining 2 died of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Corynebacterium striatus and Acinetobacter baumannii infections at Days 33 and 196 post-transplantation.Conclusions:Neuroendocrine carcinoma in transplanted lung is more common in elderly males and end-stage lung disease is mostly idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.Small cell carcinoma is a major type of neuroendocrine carcinoma.Specific neuroendocrine markers and TTF-1 aid in a definite diagnosis of neuroendocrine carcinoma.Postoperative infection is an important prognostic factor.

6.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 407-412, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristic of prenatal serological screening in fetus with X-linked ichthyosis (XLI), and to explore the relationship between unconjugated estriol (uE 3) levels and XLI. Methods:A total of 56 fetuses with Xp22.31 microdeletion indicated by prenatal diagnosis and 70 fetuses diagnosed with trisomy 21 and 26 fetuses with trisomy 18 in Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical College from September 2016 to June 2021 were collected. The multiples of median (MoM) values of uE 3, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) during the second trimester of pregnancy were retrospectively analyzed. Prenatal diagnosis was made by amniotic fluid karyotype analysis and genome copy number variant analysis, parent genetic verification and pathogenicity analysis were performed, and maternal and infant outcomes were followed up. Results:Of 56 pregnant women with fetal Xp22.31 microdeletion, 43 underwent serological screening during the second trimester of pregnancy, of which 42 were abnormal (39 male fetuses and 3 female fetuses). The median uE 3 MoM value of 39 male fetuses [0.06 (0.00-0.21)] was lower than the normal value and significantly lower than that of fetuses with trisomy 21 [0.71 (0.26-1.27)] and fetuses with trisomy 18 [0.36 (0.15-0.84)], the difference was statistically significant ( Z=99.96, P<0.001). While the MoM values of AFP and hCG were all within the normal range. Among the 56 fetuses carrying Xp22.31 microdeletion, 45 were male fetuses and 11 were female fetuses, and the deletion fragments all involved STS gene. Eighty-nine percent (50/56) were inherited from mother (49 cases) or father (1 case), and 11% (6/56) were de novo mutations. Follow-up showed 48 live births (38 males and 10 females) and 8 chose to terminate pregnancy (7 males and 1 female). Among the 38 male newborns, 37 presented with scaly skin changes from 1 to 3 months of age, and one had no clinical manifestations until 4 months after birth. Ten female newborns had no obvious clinical manifestations. Conclusions:The decrease levels of uE 3 MoM on maternal serological screening is closely related to the higher risk of XLI in male fetuses. For pregnant women with low uE 3 in serological screening or with family history of ichthyosis, in addition to chromosomal karyotype analysis, joint detection of genomic copy number variant analysis should be recommended.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 563-571, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922955

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LNC01309 on the proliferation and migration abilities of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and its mechanism of action. Methods HCC samples and corresponding adjacent tissue samples were collected from 12 patients with HCC who underwent surgical treatment in The Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from February 2018 to June 2019, and quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the relative expression level of LNC01309. Quantitative real-time PCR was also used to measure the expression level of LNC01309 in human hepatoma cell lines (HepG2, SNU-398, and Hep3B) and the human immortalized normal liver cell line THLE-2. After LNC01309 was overexpressed in HepG2 cells, the cells were divided into plasmid control group (pEXP-control) and overexpression group (pEXP-LNC01309). CCK-8 assay was used to observe the change in cell proliferation, and wound healing assay and Transwell assay were used to observe migration ability. RNA co-immunoprecipitation was used to detect the interaction between LNC01309 with RBM38, with cells divided into IgG group and RBM38 antibody group, and cycloheximide chase assay was used to analyze the effect of LNC01309 on the stability of RBM38 protein. RBM38 was overexpressed in HepG2 cells to conduct the recovery experiment, and CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay, and Transwell assay were used to observe the changes in cell proliferation and migration abilities. The t -test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups. Results The mean expression level of LNC01309 in HCC tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissue (4.225±2.285 vs 1.541±0.530, t =3.618, P =0.004), and the relative expression level of LNC01309 in hepatoma cells (HepG2, SNU-398, and Hep3B) was also significantly higher than that in normal hepatocytes (THLE-2) ( t =4.231、6.489、14.480, all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, HepG2 cells with the overexpression of LNC01309 had significant increases in growth rate (OD 450 value at 96 hours: 1.885±0.107 vs 2.527±0.234, t =4.330, P =0.012) and migration ability (11.65%±2.40% vs 35.66%±4.90%, t =9.837, P < 0.001; 100.00%±3.11% vs 161.00%±35.93%, t =4.399, P =0.005); however, the upregulated proliferation and migration abilities of hepatoma cells induced by LNC01309 overexpression were partially inhibited by RBM38 (OD 450 value at 96 hours: 2.500±0.227 vs 1.913±0.282, t =2.812, P =0.048; 168.00%±9.43% vs 117.20%±18.03%, t =6.622, P < 0.001). Compared with the IgG control group, RBM38 antibody significantly enriched the precipitation of LNC01309 ( t =3.846, P =0.031). The results of cycloheximide chase assay showed that the LNC01309 overexpression group had a significant reduction in the stability of RBM38 protein ( t =8.038, P =0.001). Conclusion The newly identified LNC01309 reduces the stability of RBM38 protein through interaction with RBM38 and promotes the proliferation and migration of HCC cells.

8.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 949-953, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of a 27-year-old male patient with intellectual disability and his pedigree to provide a reference for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.Methods:G-banding and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) were performed to analyze the karyotypes and genomic copy number variations of the proband (Ⅲ-1) and his family members. Based on the results, prenatal diagnosis was performed for one pregnant woman (Ⅲ-2) in the pedigree who is the sister of the proband.Results:All karyotyping were normal in the family members, while aCGH results showed a 1 533 kb microduplication in the Xq25 region of the proband, his mother (Ⅱ-3), his uncle (Ⅱ-2), and his sister (Ⅲ-2), which was confirmed to be pathogenic. The proband and his uncle presented with intellectual disability, bradylalia, and facial dysmorphism. In contrast, his mother and sister showed normal phenotypes. His sister's fetal karyotype and aCGH results were normal, and the pregnancy continued. A male baby (Ⅳ-1) was delivered vaginally at term and showed no physical or intellectual abnormalities during a 46-month follow-up.Conclusions:Xq25 microduplication might be the cause of intellectual disability in the proband. STAG2 is probably the essential gene in Xq25 region.

9.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 42-47, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the pathogenic gene and prenatal diagnosis of a family with intellectual disability.Methods:Out of this family consisting of 17 members in three generations, four males had intellectual disability. The proband's elder sister (Ⅱ-7) visited Henan Provincial People's Hospital in Oct 2019 for genetic counseling at 8 weeks of gestation. After informed consent was obtained, peripheral blood samples of the family members were collected. The whole exome sequencing was performed on the genome DNA of the proband (Ⅱ-9, male) and his parents to screen the candidate variants for phenotype co-segregated analysis by Sanger sequencing. The expression vectors were constructed by homologous recombination and the splicing experiments were performed in vitro. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, Sanger sequencing, and TA clone sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variants on splicing. After the pathogenic variant was determined the proband's elder sister underwent prenatal diagnosis (Ⅲ-7) using goldeneyeTM20A genotyping system and Sanger sequencing. Results:A hemizygous synonymous variant of c.1302G>A (p. S434S) in DLG3 gene was found in the proband by whole exome sequencing, which was carried by his mother (Ⅰ-1) and co-segregated with the phenotype in other family patients. In vitro splicing experiment showed that c.1302G>A variant led to abnormal splicing of 88.24% transcripts, which further resulted in the reading frame shift and protein function impairment. The mutation was not detected in the fetus (Ⅲ-7), who was born alive later and showed no abnormal mental or behavioral development at the age of one and a half year and is still being followed up. Conclusions:The synonymous mutation c.1302G>A in DLG3 gene was the etiopathogenesis of X-linked intellectual disability in this family.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 313-319, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932837

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide experimental evidence for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis by analyzing the clinical characteristics, screening and identification of the function of suspicious variants in a X-1inked spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT) family.Methods:The family members' medical history, general physical examination, femur, spine X-ray examination were collected. Peripheral blood samples of the family members were collected and DNA was extracted from these samples. Sequencing clinical whole exons of proband DNA by targeted gene high-throughput sequencing method, then analysis sequencing data. The suspicious mutation was confirmed in pedigree members by PCR and Sanger sequencing. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) experiments of total RNA from blood lymphocytes were performed. The amplification of exons 3 and 4 of the pathogenic gene were amplified and identified by agarose gel. The expression of the pathogenic gene was also detected.Results:Three affected males of the family were diagnosed with SEDT according to their clinical and radiological features. A nonsense mutation in the transport protein particle complex subunit 2 ( TRAPPC2) gene NM_001011658: c.91A>T (p.K31*) was found in the proband using whole exome sequencing. This variation was also detected in his cousin, but not in non-phenotypic members of the family. The RT-PCR result for amplification of exon 3 and 4 of peripheral blood lymphocytes was the same as those of normal controls, indicating that the mutation did not affect the splicing of transcripts. qPCR results showed that the transcriptional expression of TRAPPC2 in patients was significantly lower than that in family normal controls and normal people controls. Conclusion:Identification of the novel nonsense mutation (c.91A>T) in the SEDT family enables early patients screening, carrier detection, genetic counseling, prenatal diagnosis, and clinical prevention and treatment. The detailed genotype/phenotype descriptions contribute to the SEDT mutation spectrum. The study of the function of TRAPPC2 mutation will help to further elucidate the role of sedlin in cartilage.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 468-473, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928439

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genomic variation characteristics of fetal with abnormal serological screening, and to further explore the value of copy number variation (CNV) detection technology in prenatal diagnosis of fetal with abnormal serological screening.@*METHODS@#7617 singleton pregnant women who underwent amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis solely due to abnormal Down's serological screening were selected. According to the results of serological screening, the patients were divided into high risk group, borderline risk group and single abnormal multiple of median (MOM) group. CMA and CNV-Seq were used to detect the copy number variation of amniotic fluid cell genomic DNA and combined with amniotic fluid cell karyotype analysis for prenatal diagnosis. Outpatient revisit combined with telephone inquiry was used for postnatal follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Among 7617 amniotic fluid samples, aneuploidy was detected in 138cases (1.81%) by CMA and CNV-Seq, 9 cases of aneuploid chimerism were detected by amniotic fluid cell karyotype analysis, and 203 cases of fetus carrying pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV (P/LP CNV) were detected, the variant of uncertain significance (VUS) was detected in 437 cases (5.7%), the overall abnormal detection rate was 10.33%. The detection rate of aneuploidy by CMA and CNV-Seq in three group were 123 cases (2.9%), 13 cases (1.3%) and 2 cases (0.4%), respectively,and showing no significant difference (χ 2=7.469, P=0.024). The detection rate of pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV in three group were 163cases (2.6%); 24 cases (2.6%) and 16 cases (3.3%), respectively, and showing no significant difference (χ 2=0.764, P=0.682). The CMA reported 2.9% (108/3729)P/LP CNV, and CNV-seq reported 2.4% (95/3888)P/LP CNV, both tests showed similar detective capabilities (χ 2=1.504, P=0.22).The most popular P/LP CNV in this cohort were Xp22.31 microdeletion, 16p13.11 microduplication /microdeletion, 22q11.21 microduplication /microdeletion. In fetuses with P/LP CNV CNV, 59 fetuses were terminated pregnancy, and 32 of 112 fetuses born had abnormal clinical manifestations. Non-medically necessary termination of pregnancy occurred in 11 fetuses carrying VUS CNV, 322 fetuses carrying VUS CNV were born, 4 of them presented abnormal clinical manifestations.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional chromosome karyotype, CMA and CNV-Seq can improve the detection rate of pathogenic and likely pathogenic CNV. CMA and CNV-seq can be used for first tier diagnosis of pregnant women in the general population with abnormal Down's serological screening.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Amniotic Fluid , Aneuploidy , Chromosome Aberrations , DNA Copy Number Variations , Genomics , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnant Women , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods , Technology
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 301-304, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912674

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the analgesic effect of local anesthesia combined with nerve block anesthesia on golden microneedles for improving facial aging.Methods:Between December 2018 and December 2019 in Burn and Plastic Surgery of Nanchong Central Hospital, sixty female patients (between 30 and 58 years old, with an average of 45.2 years old) with natural facial skin aging were randomly divided into two groups: Group A: surface anesthesia group (30 cases); Group B: local anesthesia combined with nerve block anesthesia (30 cases). Intraoperative and postoperative pain scores, length of operation, and incidence of adverse reactions were compared between groups A and B.Results:Pain score during surgery was (6.90±0.96) points in Group A, (3.63±0.72) points in Group B. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=14.93, P<0.05); Pain score at 30 minutes after operation was (2.03±0.62) in Group A, (0.77±0.73) in Group B, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=7.28, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the pain score at 24 hours after operation ( P>0.05); The operation process in group B was simplified, and the treatment time was significantly shortened. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=17.93, P<0.05). Conclusions:The method of local anesthesia combined with nerve block anesthesia is used in the treatment of gold microneedles to improve the analgesic effect in facial aging, which significantly shortens the treatment time and has fewer adverse reactions. This method is worth popularizing.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 165-169, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912651

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of skull drilling and/or grinding combined with artificial dermis and vacuum sealing drainage in repairing scalp defects with skull exposure.Methods:From October 2014 to May 2018, 18 patients with scalp defect and skull exposure were treated in the Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, the Second Clinical College of North Sichuan Medical College, including 10 males and 8 females, with an average age of 64 years (range, 34-86 years). The patients were divided into two groups: group A (by drilling skull or/and grinding combined with artificial dermis cover and vacuum sealing drainage plus two split thickness skin graft repair) and group B (by drilling skull or/andgrinding combined with artificial dermis cover plus two covering leather grinding stage split thickness skin graft repair), 9 cases in each group. The head wound granulation tissue, postoperative complications, skin graft survival rate and wound healing time were compared between the two groups. Vancouver scar assessment scale (VSS) was used to evaluate the wound healing in the two groups.Results:The time of granulation cultivation in group A and group B was (16.44±1.42) days and (29.11±13.32) days, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05); The wound healing time of group A and group B was (26.00±3.32) days and (40.67±14.37) days, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05); The postoperative complications of group A and group B were 1 case and 5 cases respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The skin graft survival rates of group A and group B were (97.11±3.44)% and (95.00±4.74)%, the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05); The wound scar VSS scores of group A and group B were (7.67±1.32) points and (8.78±1.99) points, the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:By drilling skull and/or grinding combined with artificial dermis cover and vacuum sealing drainage and two stage split thickness skin graft for repairing scalp defect with skull exposure wound can not only better scalp defect with skull exposure wounds, and reduce the postoperative complications, and significantly accelerate wound healing, but also can effectively improve the quality of wound healing, which is worthy of clinical application.

14.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 509-515, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the risk of pregnancy recurrence of women with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) birth history in families with new DMD gene mutations, clarify the laws of DMD gene mutations and discuss the mode of genetic counseling in such families.Methods:Collected DMD families from January 2013 to December 2017 in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital. Firstly, the 79 exons of DMD gene were analyzed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in DMD patients and their mothers. The families that DMD patients with DMD gene mutations but no mutations in their mothers were selected for this study, and then MLPA combined with STR-gene linkage analysis were used to perform prenatal diagnosis for females in these DMD gene new mutation families.Results:A total of 64 families with new DMD gene mutations were included in this study. All mutations were DMD gene exon deletion mutations. A total of 65 fetuses were conducted prenatal diagnosis, included 26 SRY negative, 39 SRY positive; 63 fetuses′ DMD gene normal and 2 fetues′ DMD gene with exon deletion mutations. The results of postpartum follow-up and prenatal diagnosis were consistent.Conclusions:Exon mutations in newly mutated DMD families were mainly manifested as exon deletion, mainly presented in the 45-55 exon region. For families with new DMD mutations, even if there is no DMD gene mutation in women which had reproductive history of DMD, prenatal diagnosis for DMD during pregnancy was still recommended.

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 492-496, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912432

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the pathogenic gene of the three pedigrees with hereditary multiple exostosis, and to provide evidences for genetic counselling and prenatal diagnosis.Methods:The three families were admitted to the Institute of Medical Genetics of Henan Provincial People′s Hospital due to hereditary multiple exostosis from January 2018 to December 2020. Detail medical history and the blood samples of the family members were collected after they signed the informed consent forms. The pathological mutations were selected from the proband using whole exome sequencing (WES). Sanger sequencing was used to conduct the co-segregation analysis of the family members. The pathogenicity of the mutation was analyzed in combination with ACMG guidelines.Results:The EXT1 gene c.1056+2T>C mutation, c.369dupA (p.G124fs) mutation and the EXT2 gene c.1171C>T (p.Q391*) mutation were detected in the probands through whole exome sequencing. The same mutations were found in the patients from these three families, while the mutation was not detected among the healthy family members. These variations have co-segregated with the disease phenotype. According to ACMG guidelines, all mutations in these three families meet the criteria of pathogenic variations. Conclusion:The EXT1 gene c.1056+2T>C mutation, c.369dupA (p.G124fs) mutation and the EXT2 gene c.1171C>T (p.Q391*) mutation were identified to be responsible for hereditary multiple exostosis in these families.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 715-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of canagliflozin on intrarenal fat content and oxygenation in newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients.Methods:Twenty-three newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients were divided into canagliflozin( n=11) and glimepiride control( n=12) groups .Both groups received MRI scanning with Dixon MRI and BOLD MRI sequence to assess patients′ intrarenal fat content, oxygenation level before treatment and 24 weeks after treatment. Fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, blood uric acid, blood lipids, blood pressure, weight, and other metabolic index were also tested before and after treatment. Furthermore, the relationship between body mass index(BMI) and intrarenal fat content and the correlation between changes in intrarenal fat content and improvement in renal hypoxia were analyzed. Results:No significant differences were found in baseline age, body weight, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, blood lipid, and serum uric acid between the two groups. There was no significant difference in fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, cholesterol(CHO), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C), and triglycerides(TG) levels in both groups after 12 and 24 weeks of treatment. The decrease in body weight, blood uric acid level, and diastolic blood pressure from baseline in the canagliflozin group was greater than those in the control group( P<0.05). Two groups of patients with type 2 diabetes at baseline had no obvious difference in intrarenal fat content, and the patients′ BMI showed no obvious correlation with degree of intrarenal fat accumulation. Canagliflozin treatment for 24 weeks could reduce intrarenal fat content, which was higher than that of control group. The R2 * values of renal cortex and medulla in the canagliflozin group decreased from baseline by 19.22% and 22.63% respectively( P<0.05), whereas no significant difference was seen in the glimepiride control group. The decrease of intrarenal fat content in the canagliflozin group was related to the improvement of renal cortex and medulla oxygenation. Conclusion:Canagliflozin can reduce intrarenal fat accumulation and improve renal cortical hypoxia in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients with normal renal function.

17.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 328-334, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907539

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of a novel BMX splicing variant induced epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) gefitinib resistance in lung cancer.Methods:Stable transgenic cell line PC9-BMXΔN and HCC827-BMXΔN were constructed by lentivirus infection of PC9 and HCC827 cells carrying EGFR mutation. The cells were divided into PC9-Vec group (PC9 cells transfected with empty vector), PC9-BMX group (PC9 cells stably expressing BMX), PC9-BMXΔN group (PC9 cells stably expressing BMXΔN) and HCC827-Vec group (HCC827 cells transfected with empty vector), HCC827-BMXΔN group (HCC827 cells stably expressing BMXΔN). Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of mRNA. The protein expression levels in each group were detected by Western blotting. The cells in the PC9-Vec group and PC9-BMXΔN group were treated with 0, 0.01, 2.00, 50.00, 100.00, 200.00 nmol/L and 2.00, 4.00 μmol/L gefitinib. The cells in the HCC827-Vec group and HCC827-BMXΔN group were treated with 0, 0.01, 1.00, 10.00, 100.00 nmol/L and 1.00 μmol/L gefitinib. MTT method was used to detect cell viabilities.Results:The PC9-BMXΔN cells were scattered and showed a fibroblast-like morphology. Compared with the PC9-Vec cells, the relative expression levels of fibronectin, N-cadherin, vimentin, Snail, Slug and TWIST 2 mRNA in PC9-BMXΔN cells were up-regulated. Compared with the PC9-Vec cells and PC9-BMX cells, the expression levels of fibronectin and vimentin protein in PC9-BMXΔN cells were up-regulated; while the expression level of E-cadherin protein in PC9-BMXΔN cells was significantly down-regulated. Compared with the PC9-Vec cells, the cell viabilities of PC9-BMXΔN cells treated with 0.01 nmol/L [(99.11±2.16)% vs. (91.29±1.91)%, t=-4.701, P=0.011], 2.00 nmol/L [(80.41±1.48)% vs. (63.36±2.14)%, t=-11.324, P<0.001], 50.00 nmol/L [(80.83±5.38)% vs. (60.22±3.61)%, t=-5.507, P=0.005], 100.00 nmol/L [(75.54±3.46)% vs. (59.93±1.91)%, t=-6.836, P=0.002], 200.00 nmol/L [(77.57±6.53)% vs. (56.70±2.88)%, t=-5.064, P=0.007], 2.00 μmol/L [(70.22±3.45)% vs. (53.14±0.89)%, t=-8.309, P=0.001], 4.00 μmol/L [(68.66±4.67)% vs. (52.30±2.59)%, t=-4.882, P=0.008] gefitinib were significantly increased, with statistically significant differences. Similarly, compared with the HCC827-Vec cells, the cell viabilities of HCC827-BMXΔN cells treated with 1.00 nmol/L [(64.36±2.49 )% vs. (47.13±4.21)%, t=-7.067, P=0.019], 10.00 nmol/L [(63.25±5.87)% vs. (43.28±2.95)%, t=-5.267, P=0.006], 100.00 nmol/L [(49.47±5.74)% vs. (37.12±4.92)%, t=-2.830, P=0.047], 1.00 μmol/L [(49.05±3.34)% vs. (32.06±4.73)%, t=-5.073, P=0.007] gefitinib were significantly increased, with statistically significant differences. Gefitinib treatment could significantly inhibit the expression levels of p-EGFR and p-ERK1/2 both in PC9-Vec cells, PC9-BMX cells and PC9-BMXΔN cells. Compared with the PC9-Vec cells and PC9-BMX cells, the expression level of p-EGFR in PC9-BMXΔN cells was significantly increased after gefitinib treatment for 8 h (0.91±0.04 vs. 0.81±0.04 vs. 0.80±0.05, all P<0.05); the expression levels of p-ERK1/2 in PC9-BMXΔN cells were significantly increased after gefitinib treatment for 2 h (0.64±0.06 vs. 0.38±0.12 vs. 0.37±0.14), 4 h (1.28±0.06 vs. 1.08±0.06 vs. 1.11±0.07), and 8 h (0.75±0.04 vs. 0.55±0.05 vs. 0.60±0.07), with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusion:BMXΔN is involved in EGFR-TKI gefitinib resistance in lung cancer, which may be achieved by inducing cells to undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and activating the ERK/MAPK signaling pathway.

18.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 290-296, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To access the benefits and harms of remote ischemic preconditioning(RIPC) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.Methods:An electronic and manual search of literature published before Mar 2020 was conducted using Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials(RCTs), CNKI, CBM, WanFang and VIP. 23 studies involving in 5 025 participants were included. Patients were randomly assigned to either remote ischemic preconditioning group(n=2 524) or control group(n=2 521). Remote ischemic preconditioning consisted of 3-4 cycles of lower limbs or upper limbs ischemia and reperfusion with an automated cuff inflator. Clinical data and the levels of injury biomarkers were collected. The main outcomes were the incidence of adverse events, mortality in the hospital, and the post-operative troponin concentration. The effective values of dichotomous variables or continuous variables were estimated by Relative risk( RR) or by mean differences( MD), standardized mean differences( SMD) with 95% confidence intervals( CI) respectively. Results:In general risk of bias varied from low to moderate risk of bias across included studies, and insufficient detail was provided to inform judgement in several cases. There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to all-cause mortality in hospital( RR=1.27, 95% CI: 0.84-1.91, P=0.26), no-fatal myocardial infarction( RR=0.92, 95% CI: 0.79-1.07, P=0.27) , new stroke( RR=0.96, 95% CI: 0.61-1.50, P=0.84), new atrial fibrillation( RR=0.98, 95% CI: 0.83-1.15, P=0.77) and acute renal failure( RR=1.01, 95% CI: 0.90-1.14, P=0.83). Conclusion:There is no evidence that RIPC has a treatment effect on clinical outcomes(measured as all-cause mortality in hospital, no-fatal myocardial infarction, new stroke, new atrial fibrillation, and acute renal failure). More research should be designed to confirm the effect of RIPC on myocardial protection with cardiopulmonary bypass.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 52-55, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with non-syndromic cleft lip and cleft palate (NSCLP).@*METHODS@#With informed consent obtained, members of the pedigree were subjected to clinical examination and history taking to exclude syndromic cleft lip and palate. One affected member was subjected to whole-exome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and co-segregation analysis of her family members and 100 unrelated healthy individuals.@*RESULTS@#Whole-exome sequencing and co-segregation analysis showed that all affected members of this pedigree have carried a heterozygous missense c.253A>G (p.Cys85Arg) variant in exon 4 of the IRF6 gene, which has co-segregated with the phenotype and was not found among the 100 unrelated healthy individuals.@*CONCLUSION@#The missense c.253A>G variant in exon 4 of the IRF6 gene probably underlay the NSCLP in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Brain/abnormalities , China , Cleft Lip/genetics , Cleft Palate/genetics , Interferon Regulatory Factors/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Exome Sequencing
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 17-20, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with hereditary spherocytosis.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples were collected from 17 members of the pedigree. Genomic DNA of the proband was subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by co-segregation analysis. pCAS2(c.5798+1G) and pCAS2(c.5798+1A) plasmids were constructed by homologous recombination and transfected into 293T cells. Reverse transcription PCR, TA cloning and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing. Meanwhile, peripheral blood RNAs were extracted to analyze the effect of candidate variant on splicing in vivo.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to carry a c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene. The variant has co-segregated with the phenotype in the pedigree. In vitro and in vivo splicing experiments confirmed that the mutation has significantly affected the splicing, resulting in shift of reading frame and produced a premature termination codon.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel c.5798+1G>A variant of the SPTB gene probably underlies the pathogenesis of hereditary spherocytosis in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Humans , Codon, Nonsense , Genetics , Genetic Variation , HEK293 Cells , Mutation , Genetics , Pedigree , Plasmids , RNA Splicing , Spectrin , Genetics , Spherocytosis, Hereditary , Genetics , Transfection
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