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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of speckle tracking imaging (STI) stratification strain technique in the assessment of circumferential myocardial function and the myocardial protection of ATP-postconditioning (ATP-PostC) in a rabbit model of acute myocardial infarction.Methods:A total of 40 rabbits were randomly divided into 2 groups: pure ischemia reperfusion group (IR group)and ATP-PostC group. STI images were recorded before and 45 min after occlusion of coronary artery, post low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography, 60 and 120 min after reperfusion, respectively. The following parameters were obtained: left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), heart rate (HR), endocardial circumferential systolic strain (CSsys-endo), mid-myocardial circumferential systolic strain (CSsys-mid) and epicardial circumferential systolic strain (CSsys-epi) at left ventricular short-axis level. At different time points after occlusion and reperfusion, 5 experimental rabbits were killed in each group for pathological examination.Results:①Forty-five min after coronary artery occlusion in both groups, the values of LVEF and HR were decreased( P<0.05), and the absolute values of CSsys-endo, CSsys-mid and CSsys-epi were significantly reduced( P<0.01). After LDDSE, the absolute values of CSsys-endo, CSsys-mid and CSsys-epi were increased, which were different from those after blockade( P<0.05). ②After reperfusion, the circumferential strains were not significantly different from those after blockade in IR group ( P>0.05). After blockade, the absolute values of circumferential strains were increased significantly in the ATP-PostC group compared with IR group( P<0.05). In the ATP-PostC group, the absolute values of CSsys-endo at different time points after reperfusion increased significantly compared with that after blockade ( P<0.05). The absolute values of CSsys-endo and CSsys-mid 120 min after reperfusion continued to increase significantly compared with those 60 min after reperfusion( P<0.05). ③Pathological examination: After 60 min of blockade, there was no significant difference in myocardial infarction area between the IR group and the ATP-PostC group( P>0.05). The percentage of infarct areas at each time point of reperfusion in the ATP-PostC group was decreased compared with that after blockade( P<0.05). Compared with the IR group, the percentage of infarct area in the ATP-PostC group was smaller after 120 minutes of reperfusion and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The applications of STI stratification strain technique and LDDSE can assess left ventricular circumferential strains at each of myocardial layers before and after reperfusion in rabbit myocardial ischemia ATP-PostC model, identify and evaluate the function of viable myocardium, and exhibit the significant protective effects of ATP-PostC on myocardial reperfusion injury.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a clinically applicable model of rapid identification of adverse drug reaction program (RiADP) for risk management and decision-making of clinical drug use.@*METHODS@#Based on the theory of disproportion analysis, frequency method and Bayes method, a clinically applicable RiADP model in R language background was established, and the parameters of the model were interpreted by MedDRA coding. Based on the actual monitoring data of FDA, the model was validated by the assessing hepatotoxicity of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r).@*RESULTS@#The established RiADP model included four parameters: standard value of adverse drug reaction signal information, empirical Bayesian geometric mean value, ratio of reporting ratio and number of adverse drug reaction cases. Through the application of R language parameter package "phViD", the model parameters could be output quickly. After being encoded by MedDRA, it was converted into clinical terms to form a clinical interpretation report of adverse drug reactions. In addition, the evaluation results of LPV/r hepatotoxicity by the model were matched with the results reported in latest literature, which also proved the reliability of the model results.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, a rapid identification method of adverse reactions based on post marketing drug monitoring data was established in R language environment, which is capable of sending rapid warning of adverse reactions of target drugs in public health emergencies, and providing intuitive evidence for risk management and decision-making of clinical drugs.


Subject(s)
Databases, Pharmaceutical , Decision Making, Computer-Assisted , Drug Monitoring , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , HIV Protease Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Humans , Liver , Lopinavir , Toxicity , Models, Statistical , Reproducibility of Results , Software , Reference Standards
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1568-1577, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826820

ABSTRACT

Catalase catalyzes the decomposition of H₂O₂ to H₂O and O₂, and has a wide range of industrial applications. However, most catalases used in the textile and paper industries are often subjected to high-alkaline challenges which makes it necessary to develop alkaline catalase. In this study, a catalase from Corynebacterium glutamicum was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the expression conditions were optimized. The recombinant catalase was purified by Ni-chelating affinity chromatography, and the recombinant enzyme was characterized. The optimal conditions of producing the recombinant catalase were: an IPTG concentration of 0.2 mmol/L, a culturing temperature of 25 °C and a culturing time of 11 h. The purified catalase had a specific activity of 55 266 U/mg, and it had a high activity in the pH range of 4.0 to11.5, with the highest activity at pH 11.0. When treated in pH 11.0 for 3 h, the enzyme retained 93% of its activity, indicating that the enzyme was qualified with a favorable stability under high-alkaline condition. The recombinant catalase had maximal activity at 30 °C, and showed a satisfactory thermal stability at a range of 25 °C to 50 °C. The apparent Km and Vmax values of purified catalase were 25.89 mmol/L and 185.18 mmol/(minmg), respectively. Besides, different inhibitors, such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), urea, NaN₂, β-mercaptoethanol, and EDTA had different degrees of inhibition on enzyme activity. The catalase from C. glutamicum shows high catalytic efficiency and high alkaline stability, suggesting its potential utilization in industrial production.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870193

ABSTRACT

In this retrospective cohort study, we aim to evaluate the effect of endocapillary hypercellularity (E) lesions on the renal prognosis and response to immunosuppressive therapy, especially diffuse endocapillary hypercellularity lesion in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). A total of 365 patients with IgAN and E lesions and 31 patients with diffuse E lesions and over 12-month follow-up period were included in this study. We performed an 1∶1 propensity score to identify controls with matched clinical and pathological features from 769 IgAN patients without E lesions. The end-point was defined as a 30% decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or end-stage kidney disease. The kidney survival of the two groups was compared by Kaplan-Meier analysis. During median follow-up period of 41 months, kidney survival rates in patients with E lesions were 96.0% at 1 year, 83.6% at 3 years, 67.7% at 5 years; while they were 96.9% at 1 year, 83.6% at 3 years, and 68.7% at 5 years in patients without E lesions ( P=0.265).The HRof immunosuppressive therapy was 1.038 (95% CI 0.749-1.440) and 1.113 (95% CI 0.770-1.609) in patients not receiving immunosuppressive therapy ( P=0.781). (2) During median follow-up period of 52.5 months, the kidney survival rates in patients with diffuse E-lesion were 100.0% at 1 year, 96.2% at 3 years, 74.5% at 5 years; while they were 96.2% at 1 year, 82.3% at 3 years, and 63.7% at 5 years in patients without E-lesion ( P=0.158). The HR of immunosuppressive therapy was 0.625 (95% CI 0.213-1.839) and 0.447 (95% CI 0.028-7.191) in patients not receiving immunosuppressive therapy ( P=0.825). E lesion or diffuse E lesion may not be associated with prognosis or response to immunosuppressive therapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868031

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the myocardial reserve effect in rabbits′ model of myocardial inshemia-reperfusion by layer-specific strain of speckle tracking imaging and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography(LDDSE).Methods:Forty rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: ischemia-reperfusion group (IR group) and pharmacological postconditioning group (ATP-PostC group). Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, 60 min after ligation (before and after dobutamine stress), and 120 min after reperfusion (before and after dobutamine stress). The size of each chamber was measured and the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) was calculated and the heart rate was recorded. The longitudinal strain of endocardium(SLsys-endo), longitudinal strain of myocardium(SLsys-mid), longitudinal strain of epicardium(SLsys-epi) were acquired. Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride(TTC) and Evans blue staining were applied in two rabbits randomly selected from each group at 60 min after ligation, dobutamine stress and 120 min after reperfusion, respectively.Results:①After coronary artery ligation, LVEF decreased in both groups( P<0.05), SLsys-endo, SLsys-mid, and SLsys-epi decreased in two groups( P<0.01). After low dose dobutamine stress, the SLsys-endo, SLsys-mid and SLsys-epi in the two groups increased, which was different from that after lagation( P<0.05). ②After 120 min reperfusion, the longitudinal strain of the myocardium of both groups increased compared with that after lagation( P<0.01, P<0.05), and the increase in ATP-PostC group was significantly higher than that in IR group( P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the IR group and the first LDDSE( P<0.05). After LDDSE again, the SLsys-endo and SLsys-mid in the two groups further increased, which was different from that after reperfusion ( P<0.05). And the SLsys-endo and SLsys-mid were higher in ATP-PostC group than those in IR group ( P<0.05). ③Pathological results showed that there was no significant difference in myocardial infarct size between IR group and ATP-PostC group at 60 min after ligation ( P>0.05). After 120 min reperfusion, the percentage of myocardial infarct size in the IR group was significantly higher than that in the ATP-PostC group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Layer-specific strain of STI combined with LDDSE can early detect regional myocardial dysfunction and accurately assess myocardial reserve function, and with endocardial longitudinal strain being more sensitive.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To classify the ultrasound features of ovarian tumors by modified gynecology imaging reporting and data system(mGI-RADS), and explore the clinical value of mGI-RADS in differentiating of benign and malignant tumors.Methods:The 242 ultrasound images of the adnexal mass from 221 patients with ovarian tumor who underwent ultrasound scan and proceeded surgeries in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from September 2017 and December 2019 were involved in the retrospective analysis and compared with the pathological results. According to the latest ultrasound terminology for adnexal masses proposed by the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA), the adnexal masses were classified. The suspeted malignant sings were screened for mGI-RADS. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, all the adnexal masses were double-blindly classified by two senior doctors and their diagnostic efficiencies were evaluated.Results:Among the suspected malignant signs proposed by IOTA, resistance index (RI)<0.5, central blood flow signal, ascites, irregular cystic wall with uneven thickness separation, mass composition (solid component ≥30% and silent shadow attenuation), and papillary structure≥7 mm, showed retatively higher OR values(14.282, 10.372, 9.653, 8.832, 5.851, 4.506, respectively. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, the diagnostic consistency by the two senior doctors in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms was good(Kappa=0.767, P<0.05). Grade Ⅳ was divided into three subtypes (Ⅳa, Ⅳb, Ⅳc) by the mGI-RADS, and their positive predictive values for malignant ovarian masses were 69.0%, 90.4% and 92.9% respectively. When a cut-off value >mGRⅣ was used to distinguish the benign and malignant adnexal tumors, the AUC was the largest, and its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 93.4%, 93.1%, 90.4%, 95.2% and 93.2%, respectively. Conclusions:The mGI-RADS has a high clinical value in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 561-567, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805703

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of circular RNA hsa_circ_0063772 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells.@*Methods@#Thirty-three patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma who were admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from February 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled in this study. Real-time quantative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression level of circular RNA hsa_circ_0063772 in OSCC and corresponding adjacent tissues, OSCC cell lines and human keratinocytes. The expression level of hsa_circ_0063772 was overexpressed in SCC15 and CAL27 cells by using lentivirus, and the effects of this gene on proliferation, migration and invasion of OSCC cells were detected by cell counting assay, scratch assay, Transwell assay, Western blotting and nude mice tumor formation assay.@*Results@#The expression of circular RNA hsa_circ_0063772 in OSCC tissues (9.38±0.34) was lower than that in adjacent tissues (11.30±0.31) (t=5.20, P<0.001), and the expression in OSCC cells (SCC15: 0.12±0.01; SCC25: 0.18±0.02; SCC9: 0.21±0.01; CAL27: 0.13±0.01) was significantly lower than that in human keratinocytes (1.02±0.02) (tSCC15=41.91, tSCC25=29.21, tSCC9=35.16, tCAL27=41.86, P<0.001). Overexpression of hsa_circ_0063772 in SCC15 and CAL27 cells can affect tumor cell proliferation, cell counting assay showed that tumor cell proliferation ability in high expression group (SCC15: 0.76±0.01; CAL27: 0.74±0.02) were lower than empty group (SCC15∶1.22±0.04; CAL27: 0.99±0.03; tSCC15=12.58, tCAL27=6.97; P<0.05). Transwell migration experiment showed the number of migrated cell in high expression group (SCC15∶148.00±14.57; CAL27: 243.00±13.00) were less than empty group (SCC15: 580.30±42.91; CAL27: 424.70±18.66, P<0.01); Transwell invasion assay showed the number of invased cell in high expression group (SCC15: 123.70±6.98; CAL27: 326.00±17.01) were less than empty group (SCC15: 517.70±9.96; CAL27: 454.30±8.09, P<0.01). The results of tumor formation in nude mice showed that the tumor volume and mass of the overexpressed group [(306.40±16.51) mm3; (289.40±11.44) mg] were lower than that of the empty group [(582.60±32.51) mm3, t=7.58, P<0.05; (599.60±21.27) mg, t=7.58, P<0.001].@*Conclusions@#Compared with adjacent tissues, hsa_circ_0063772 is lowly expressed in oral squamous cell carcinoma. High expression of hsa_circ_0063772 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of OSCC cells.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798005

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To verify the criteria validity and effectiveness of the QCSS-E for screening of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia with Alzheimer's type (DAT) among the elderly in community.@*Methods@#With stratified convenient sampling, 1 298 elderly aged 55 and over recruited from Wuxi community, who finished the clinical interviews, laboratory examination and psychological tests such as QCSS-E, ADL, MMSE, ADAS-cog, CDR, and Core Neuropsychological Test.Then they were divided into health control group(HC), MCI group and DAT group by the diagnostic criteria of Peterson’s MCI and DSM-5 AD dementia.The criteria validity and screening efficacy of QCSS-E were verified and the optimal cut off value for detecting MCI and DAT were explored.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences in age, education level, marital status, family structure, occupation, and scores of MMSE, ADAS-cog, CNT, and QCSS-E total score and domain scores among three groups (all P<0.01). The total score and every domains score of QCSS-E were significantly correlated with test scores such as MMSE, ADAS-cog and CNT (all P<0.01). Using the total QCSS-E score to discriminate MCI from health control, the area under the curve (AUC) was 83.5%. When the cut off value was 74.5, the accuracy rate of classification was the highest (75.0%). Using the total QCSS-E score to discriminate DAT from health control, the AUC was 83.5%. When the cut off value was 64.5, the accuracy rate of classification was the highest (94.2%).@*Conclusion@#The QCSS-E has better criteria validity and higher effectiveness in screening MCI and DAT.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798001

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the neurocognitive characteristics and related factors in the elderly with subjective cognitive decline.@*Methods@#Among the 1 850 elderly volunteers aged over 50, 377 cognitive normal elderly (NC group), 234 subjective cognitive decline (SCD Group) and 291 patients with mild cognitive impairment (aMCI Group) were screened with the brief elderly cognitive screening questionnaire and the elderly rapid cognitive screening scale.They were all received clinical interview and examination and core neurocognitive test.@*Results@#(1) There were statistically significant differences in the three groups on the age, education, occupation, HAMD, low density lipoprotein and blood pressure (P<0.01). (2) The score of the picture-symbol association in SCD group(8.94±4.05)was lower than that in NC group(9.83±4.18)and higher than that in aMCI group (7.12±4.17)(all P<0.05), while the scores of the other neuropsychological tests were higher than those in aMCI group.There were no statistically significant difference between SCD group and NC group on the other neuropsychological tests(P>0.05). (3)The SCD was mainly influenced by age(β=0.063, OR=1.065, 95%CI=1.033-1.099), depression(β=0.182, OR=1.199, 95%CI=1.084-1.327)and hypertension(β=0.473, OR=1.604, 95%CI=1.185-2.171)(all P<0.01). And the aMCI was mainly influenced by age(β=0.078, OR=1.081, 95%CI=1.048-1.115), education(β=-0.174, OR=0.840, 95%CI=0.778-0.907), occupation(β=-0.406, OR=0.666, 95%CI=0.535-0.830)and low density lipoprotein(β=-0.451, OR=0.637, 95%CI=0.497-0.816)(all P<0.01 ).@*Conclusion@#Objective neurocognitive function of the elderly with subjective cognitive decline is basically normal.Age, depression and hypertension are risk factors of subjective cognitive decline.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791114

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the criteria validity and effectiveness of the QCSS-E for screening of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia with Alzheimer's type (DAT) among the elderly in community. Methods With stratified convenient sampling,1 298 elderly aged 55 and over recruited from Wuxi community,who finished the clinical interviews,laboratory examination and psychological tests such as QCSS-E,ADL, MMSE, ADAS-cog, CDR, and Core Neuropsychological Test. Then they were divided into health control group( HC),MCI group and DAT group by the diagnostic criteria of Peterson’s MCI and DSM-5 AD dementia. The criteria validity and screening efficacy of QCSS-E were verified and the optimal cut off value for detecting MCI and DAT were explored. Results There were statistically significant differences in age,education level,marital status,family structure,occupation,and scores of MMSE,ADAS-cog,CNT,and QCSS-E total score and domain scores among three groups (all P<0. 01). The total score and every domains score of QCSS-E were significantly correlated with test scores such as MMSE,ADAS-cog and CNT (all P<0. 01). Using the total QCSS-E score to discriminate MCI from health control,the area under the curve (AUC) was 83. 5%. When the cut off value was 74. 5,the accuracy rate of classification was the highest (75. 0%). Using the total QCSS-E score to discriminate DAT from health control,the AUC was 83. 5%. When the cut off value was 64. 5,the accuracy rate of classification was the highest (94. 2%). Conclusion The QCSS-E has better criteria validity and higher effectiveness in screening MCI and DAT.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791110

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the neurocognitive characteristics and related factors in the elderly with subjective cognitive decline. Methods Among the 1 850 elderly volunteers aged over 50,377 cognitive normal elderly (NC group),234 subjective cognitive decline ( SCD Group) and 291 patients with mild cognitive impairment (aMCI Group) were screened with the brief elderly cognitive screening question-naire and the elderly rapid cognitive screening scale. They were all received clinical interview and examina-tion and core neurocognitive test. Results ( 1) There were statistically significant differences in the three groups on the age,education,occupation,HAMD,low density lipoprotein and blood pressure (P<0. 01). (2) The score of the picture-symbol association in SCD group( 8. 94 ± 4. 05) was lower than that in NC group (9. 83±4. 18)and higher than that in aMCI group (7. 12±4. 17)(all P<0. 05),while the scores of the other neuropsychological tests were higher than those in aMCI group. There were no statistically significant differ-ence between SCD group and NC group on the other neuropsychological tests(P>0. 05). (3) The SCD was mainly influenced by age( β=0. 063, OR=1. 065,95% CI=1. 033-1. 099), depression ( β=0. 182,OR=1. 199,95%CI=1. 084-1. 327) and hypertension(β=0. 473,OR=1. 604,95% CI=1. 185-2. 171) ( all P<0. 01). And the aMCI was mainly influenced by age(β=0. 078,OR=1. 081,95%CI=1. 048-1. 115),educa-tion(β=-0. 174,OR=0. 840,95%CI=0. 778-0. 907),occupation( β=-0. 406,OR=0. 666,95%CI=0. 535-0. 830)and low density lipoprotein(β=-0. 451,OR=0. 637,95%CI=0. 497-0. 816)(all P<0. 01 ). Conclu-sion Objective neurocognitive function of the elderly with subjective cognitive decline is basically normal. Age,depression and hypertension are risk factors of subjective cognitive decline.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754992

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate effective and organ doses to prostate cancer patients result ing from the whole-body 18F-Choline,11C-Choline and 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT examinations.Methods A total of 150 prostate cancer patients who underwent PET-CT scanning from May 2017 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.They were divided into three groups,each with 50 patients,according to the type of positron radiopharmaceuticals injected.All patients used the same PET-CT scan protocol.PET component dose was calculated by using OLINDA/EXM (version 1.1) software which was based on the MIRD method.The CTDI values were measured by the standard CT phantoms and computed by ImPACT (version 1.0.4) CT,and ImPACT was used for dose calculation from CT.The tissue weighting factors according to ICRP Report 103 were used for effective dose calculation.Results The effective dose and organ equivalent dose from 18F/11C-Choline and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examinations were estimated.The voltage and current of Topogram scan were 120 kV and 35 mA,respectively,as well as 120 kV and (135.6±9.4) mA for low-dose CT scan.The injected activity of 18 F-Choline,11 C-Choline and68Ga-PSMA was (279.2±13.2),(350.2±39.9) and (186.8±19.4) MBq,respectively.The effective dose was (5.0±0.2),(1.6±0.2) and (3.0±0.3) mSv,respectively (F=837.0,P<0.001).The CT effective dose was (11.4±0.2) mSv.The total effective dose for three groups were (16.4±0.3),(13.0±0.3) and (14.4±0.4) mSv,respectively.The mean organ equivalent doses were statistically significantly different among groups (F=381.2-1 637.7,P<0.001).The highest organ equivalent dose was to kidney for18F-Choline and68 Ga-PSMA PET/CT scans and thyroid for11 C-Choline PET/CT scan.Conclusions The effective dose to the prostate cancer patients who underwent PET-CT scanning was from 13.0 to 16.4 mSv,with vast majority of these doses coming from CT scans.The lowest radiation dose to the patients was caused by 11C-Choline PET-CT examination,suggesting that it would be a potential prostate cancer PET radiotracer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754841

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the changes of myocardial viability and systolic function in rabbits with different ischemic periods by layer‐specific strain of ultrasound speckled tracking imaging ( ST I) and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography ( LDDSE ) . Methods T hirty‐six rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups( n =12) : ①myocardial infarction group Ⅰ :coronary artery occlusion for 45 min ; ②myocardial infarction group Ⅱ :coronary artery occlusion for 60 min ; ③ myocardial infarction group Ⅲ :coronary artery occlusion for 90 min . Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline ,after ligation and low dose dobutamine stress . After the experiment ,rabbits were killed and the hearts were taken to assess viable or nonviable mycardium , triphenyl tetrazolium chloride and Evans blue staining were applied . Results ①After coronary artery ligation ,left ventricular ejection fraction( LVEF) decreased in 3 groups ( all P < 0 .05 ) , the ventricular global endocardial longitudinal strain ( GSLsys‐endo ) , global myocardial longitudinal strain( GSLsys‐mid) ,and global epicardial longitudinal strain( GSLsys‐epi) decreased in 3 groups ( all P < 0 .05 ) ,the longitudinal strain of endocardium ( SLsys‐endo ) ,longitudinal strain of myocardium ( SLsys‐mid) ,longitudinal strain of epicardium ( SLsys‐epi) decreased in viable myocardial ( all P<0 .05) ; ②While low dose dobutamine stressing ,the GSLsys and SLsys increased in each groups ,and the GSLsys‐endo ,GSLsys‐mid ,GSLsys‐epi and SLsys‐endo of viable segments in each group were increased ( P<0 .05) ; ③After ligation and low dose dobutamine stress ,the GSLsys in endocardium in three groups were different( P <0 .05) ,and the SLsys in endocardium of viable segments in three groups were different ( P<0 .05) . Conclusions Layer‐specific strain of STI combined with LDDSE can accurately evaluate the changes of myocardial viability and systolic function in different ischemic periods ,and the longitudinal strain of endocardium is more sensitive ;moreover ,with the increase of coronary artery occlusion time ,the infarcted myocardium increases ,myocardial viability and systolic function decrease .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754825

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of abnormalities and adverse reactions of intrauterine device ( IUD) by three‐dimensional transvaginal ultrasound ,and guide the correct selection of IUD . Methods Female volunteers who came to our hospital for health check‐up from July 2016 to February 2018 were selected as subjects to obtain information of the belt loop time and number of loops . T hree‐dimensional transvaginal ultrasound was used to observe and record the IUD types and positions . T he incidence of location abnormalities ,adverse reactions and cervical lesions of differnet types of IUD were retrospectively analyzed . Results T wo thousand one hundred and thirteen eligible subjects were included in the study ,including 423 cases of McuIUD ,506 cases of circular ring ,405 cases of uterine ring ,372 cases of T‐ring and 407 cases of γ ring . T he statistical analysis showed that the incidence of adverse reactions after wearing rings was as high as 34 .07% ,and the adverse reaction rate of different IUD was different . McuIUD had the highest incidence of adverse reactions ,compared with the circular ring ,the uterine ring ,the T‐ring , and the γ ring ( 47 .99% vs 25 .88% ,27 .41% ,37 .10% ,33 .66% ; all P < 0 .05 ) . Different IUD had different incidence of adverse reactions . T he low back pain rate in McuIUD and γ ring were higher than the other 3 IUDs . T he low back pain rate of McuIUD was higher than the circular ring ,the uterine ring and the T‐ring ( 23 .4% vs 15 .71% ,14 .07% ,13 .7 1% ; all P < 0 .01 ) . Different types of IUD had different incidence of location anomalies . T he descending rate of the circular ring was higher than that of the McuIUD and γ ring ( 6 .32% vs 3 .30% ,3 .19% ; all P< 0 .05 ) ,and no statistically significant difference compared with the uterine ring and T‐ring ( 6 .32% vs 3 .45% ,4 .30% ; all P >0 .05 ) . T he incarceration rate of the mother ring was higher than that of the circular ring ,uterine ring and T‐ring ( 3 .07% vs 0 ,0 .25% ,0 .54% ;all P <0 .01) . T he intrauterine rotation rate of uterine ring and γ ring were higher than that of McuIUD , circular ring and T‐ring ( all P <0 .01) . Pregnancy >1 and ring times ≥2 were related with the occurrence of adverse reactions of IUD ( P < 0 .05 ) . T he incidence of cervical erosion in the T‐ring was the highest compared with the McuIUD ,circular ring ,uterine ring ,and γ ring ( 30 .65% vs 16 .78% ,16 .80% ,18 .02% , 17 .69% ; all P <0 .01) . Conclusions The incidence of adverse reactions is higher in women with different types of IUD . T he incidence of different types of abnormal IUD position is different . T he frequency of pregnancy and band ring are related to the occurence of adverse veactions to IUD .

15.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 760-765, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807600

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA highly upregulated in liver cancer (lncRNA HULC) on the biological behavior of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines.@*Methods@#A total of thirty patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma at Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from March 2017 to March 2018 were enrolled in this study. OSCC and adjacent tissues were extracted during tumor extensive resection. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of lncRNA HULC in OSCC and paracancerous tissues and OSCC cell lines. SCC15 and SCC25 cells were transfected with siRNA, and the effects of the gene on the biological behavior of OSCC cells were detected by cell counting assay, scratch assay, Transwell assay and Western blotting.@*Results@#The expression of lncRNA HULC in OSCC tissues (10.98±0.31, n=30) was significantly higher than that in paracancerous tissues (8.39±0.31, n=30) (t=5.93, P<0.001), the expression of lncRNA HULC in OSCC cells (SCC15: 28.58±2.74; SCC25: 16.56±0.87; SCC9: 11.18±1.32; CAL27: 13.92±0.99, n=5) was significantly higher than that in human keratinocytes (1.01±0.00, n=5) (tSCC15=10.08, tSCC25=17.96, tSCC9=7.71, tCAL27=13.09, P<0.001). Down-regulation of lncRNA HULC in SCC15 and SCC25 cells can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of tumor cells and promote tumor cell apoptosis.@*Conclusions@#lncRNA HULC is highly expressed in OSCC and can enhance the proliferation, migration and invasion of cancer cells and inhibit tumor cell apoptosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687618

ABSTRACT

A set of device for the measurement of the pressure difference between the anterior and the posterior chambers (PDAP) was designed to investigate the temporal varying rules of PDAP in the anterior segment of rabbit eyes. A platform was established for the measurement of PDPA according to the mechanism of joint implement. Rabbit models with high intraocular pressure (IOP) were constructed by means of injecting Carbomer into anterior chamber to increase IOP. The 24 hours continuous measurements of PDAP were performed for normal rabbit eye and eye with high IOP. The developed device could sensitively response to the small pressure difference in eye. The pressure difference in the normal rabbit eye varied with time, and the variation range during a whole day was 5.84-96.84 Pa which reflected the existence of physiological rule. For the rabbit eye with high IOP, pressure in anterior chamber was higher than that in posterior chamber which was in consistence with the theory of self-adaptation adjustment. The present study indicates that the approaches and device designed in this paper can well implement the measurement of PDAP as well as the temporal varying rules of PDAP in the anterior segment during a whole day.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706862

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the diagnostic value and efficiency of using whole body bone scintigraphy (WBS) combined with the levels of tumor markers to evaluate non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with bone metastases. Methods: One-hundred and eighty-five cases of NSCLC, confirmed by pathology or cytological examination from January 2014 to June 2016, were emrolled from the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University. WBS and test results of tumor markers, such as serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), serum carbohydrate antigen (CA125), and cytokeratin CK19 (CYFRA21-1), were analyzed. WBS results were assessed by the Soloway classification criteria and divided into four grades: Correlations between WBS classification and the levels of tumor mark-ers were determined with Spearman correlation analyses. Results: Seventy-eight of the 185 NSCLC patients had bone metastases (a rate of 42.16%). The sensitivity and specificity of WBS were 91.02%(71/78) and 85.98%(92/107), respectively. The CEA, CA125, and CYFRA21-1 levels in bone metastases patients were higher than those in NSCLC patients without bone metastases (P<0.05). In the 78 patients with bone metastases, there were seven cases of EOD0 (8.98%), 39 cases of EOD1 (50%), 17 cases of EOD2 (21.8%), and 15 cases of EOD3 (19.2%). The correlations between WBS grade and CEA, CA125, and CYFRA21-1 levels were: rs=0.579, 0.274, and 0.327, respectively (P<0.05). The combined WBS and tumor marker diagnostic performance was significantly better than either alone (AUC=0.922), and their sensitivity and specificity increased (92.3%and 86.0%, respectively). Conclusions: WBS shows high clinical efficacy in the diagnosis of NSCLC with bone metastases. Furthermore, it can be used as a screening test for bone metastases of NSCLC, which has important clinical implications. WBS combined with CEA, CA125, and CYFRA21-1 examination improves the detection rate of NSCLC bone metastases, thereby enhancing its clinical utility.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3900-3903, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of salvianolic acid B(Sal B)on angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ)-induced cardiac fibro-blast proliferation,secretion of type Ⅲ collagen,protein expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9),Smad2/3,Smad7, and explore its mechanism of anti-myocardial fibrosis. METHODS:Cells were divided into blank control group(culture medium) Ang Ⅱ model group,Sal B low-dose,medium-dose,high-dose groups (12.5,25,50 μmol/L). After cultured 1 h by blank or drug-containing culture,except for blank control group,cells in other groups were added 1 μmol/L Ang Ⅱ to induce proliferation. for 24 h. MTT method and hematoxylin-eosin staining method were adopted investigate the effect of Sal B on proliferation. Western blot method was adopted to detect the effects of Sal B on protein expressions of type Ⅲ collagen,MMP-9,Smad2/3,Smad7. RE-SULTS:Compared with blank control group,cells in Ang Ⅱ model group were significantly proliferated,protein expressions of type Ⅲ collagen,MMP-9,Smad2/3 were obviously enhanced,protein expression of Smad7 was obviously weakened,with statisti-cal significances(P<0.05). Compared with Ang Ⅱ model group,the cell proliferation in Sal B groups were inhibited,protein ex-pressions of typeⅢcollagen,MMP-9,Smad2/3 were weakened,while protein expression of Smad7 was enhanced. Except the pro-tein expression of type Ⅲ collagen in Sal B low-dose and medium-dose groups,the protein expression of Smad2/3 in Sal B high-dose group did not change significantly,other indexes had statistical significances(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:The anti-myo-cardial fibrosis effect of Sal B may be associated with inhibiting the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts,down-regulating protein ex-pressions of typeⅢcollagen,MMP-9,Smad2/3 and up-regulating protein expression of Smad7.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3900-3903, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659180

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of salvianolic acid B(Sal B)on angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ)-induced cardiac fibro-blast proliferation,secretion of type Ⅲ collagen,protein expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9),Smad2/3,Smad7, and explore its mechanism of anti-myocardial fibrosis. METHODS:Cells were divided into blank control group(culture medium) Ang Ⅱ model group,Sal B low-dose,medium-dose,high-dose groups (12.5,25,50 μmol/L). After cultured 1 h by blank or drug-containing culture,except for blank control group,cells in other groups were added 1 μmol/L Ang Ⅱ to induce proliferation. for 24 h. MTT method and hematoxylin-eosin staining method were adopted investigate the effect of Sal B on proliferation. Western blot method was adopted to detect the effects of Sal B on protein expressions of type Ⅲ collagen,MMP-9,Smad2/3,Smad7. RE-SULTS:Compared with blank control group,cells in Ang Ⅱ model group were significantly proliferated,protein expressions of type Ⅲ collagen,MMP-9,Smad2/3 were obviously enhanced,protein expression of Smad7 was obviously weakened,with statisti-cal significances(P<0.05). Compared with Ang Ⅱ model group,the cell proliferation in Sal B groups were inhibited,protein ex-pressions of typeⅢcollagen,MMP-9,Smad2/3 were weakened,while protein expression of Smad7 was enhanced. Except the pro-tein expression of type Ⅲ collagen in Sal B low-dose and medium-dose groups,the protein expression of Smad2/3 in Sal B high-dose group did not change significantly,other indexes had statistical significances(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:The anti-myo-cardial fibrosis effect of Sal B may be associated with inhibiting the proliferation of cardiac fibroblasts,down-regulating protein ex-pressions of typeⅢcollagen,MMP-9,Smad2/3 and up-regulating protein expression of Smad7.

20.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2204-2205,2208, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619784

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of orthokeratology lenses on vision,intraocular pressure and biometric measurement parameters in adolescent myopia.Methods A total of 72 adolescent myopia patients (136 eyes) with orthokeratology lens,aged 8-16 years old,in Hebei Provincial Eye Hospital from Junuary 2013 to December 2015 were randomly selected.The vision,intraocular pressure,axial length,corneal topography,corneal thickness and anterior chamber depth were observed before wearing glasses,at 1 week,1,3,6 months after wearing glasses.Results After orthokeratology wearing,the uncorrected visual acuity was obviously improved (P<0.05),the average refraction diopter was declined (P>0.05) and the non-contact intraocular pressure was decreased (P<0.05).The axial length after orthokeratology wearing had little change (P>0.05).The curvature of the patient's cornea at one week after wearing glasses was deceased (P<0.05) and the posterior corneal curvature tended towards stability.The corneal thickness at 1 week after wearing glasses had no obvious change compared with before wearing glasses(P>0.05),which at 1 month after wearing glasses was decreased(P<0.05) and which at 3,6 months after wearing glasses trended to be stabilized.The anterior chamber depth after wearing glasses had no obvious change.Conclusion Orthkeratology lens can decrease the myopia degree,increases the uncorrected visual acuity and has obvious effect for controlling adolescent myopia.The intraocular pressure and biometric measurement parameters have corresponding change after wearing orthkeratology lens.

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