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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between blood test indicators and their changes and impaired fasting blood glucose, and to conduct risk prediction research.Methods:This study selected people who underwent a physical examination at a health management center in Jinan from 2018 to 2019, with an interval of 6 months or more between the two physical examinations, and had no history of diabetes and normal fasting blood sugar during the first year of the physical examination. We took the fasting blood glucose level in the second year as the dependent variable, and took the general examination and blood test indicators in the first year as well as the changes of these indicators as independent variables to construct the model. First, the random forest model was used to screen the independent variables, and then the logistic regression model is fitted to calculate the effect values of the independent variables.Results:A total of 4 416 subjects were enrolled in this study. After a 1-year follow-up, 3.45% (133/3 851) subjects developed prediabetic blood glucose, and 0.42% (16/3 851) developed diabetic blood glucose. The sensitivity of the model using blood test indicators to predict the risk of impaired fasting blood glucose after 1 year was 67.1%, and the specificity was 100.0%. The risk of impaired fasting blood glucose after 1 year was high in the population with older age ( OR value was 1.024, 95% CI 1.014-1.035), higher systolic blood pressure ( OR value was 1.018, 95% CI 1.011-1.025), higher body mass index ( OR value was 1.079, 95% CI 1.036-1.125), higher uric acid ( OR value was 1.003, 95% CI 1.002-1.005), higher glutamyl transpeptidase ( OR value was 1.006, 95% CI 1.003-1.010), lower creatinine ( OR value was 0.971, 95% CI 0.957-0.985), lower AST/ALT ( OR value was 0.614, 95% CI 0.411-0.917)) and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate ( OR value was 0.972, 95% CI 0.958-0.988). The sensitivity of the model using the changes of blood test indicators to predict the risk of impaired fasting blood glucose after 1 year was 65.2%, and the specificity was 99.7%. The risk of impaired fasting blood glucose is high in the population with increased triglycerides ( OR value was 1.152, 95% CI 1.057-1.257), increased alkaline phosphatase ( OR value was 1.021, 95% CI 1.012-1.030), increased albumin ( OR value was 1.087, 95% CI 1.029-1.148), increased aspartate aminotransferase ( OR value was 1.006, 95% CI 1.003-1.009), increased weight ( OR value was 1.049, 95% CI 1.019-1.081) within 1 year. Conclusions:The possibility of impaired fasting blood glucose after 1 year is high in the population with older age, higher systolic blood pressure, higher body mass index, higher uric acid, higher glutamyl transpeptidase, lower creatinine, lower AST/ALT and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate. The possibility of impaired fasting blood glucose is high in the population with increased triglycerides, increased alkaline phosphatase, increased albumin, increased aspartate aminotransferase and increased weight with in 1 year. When the above situation occurs in the physical examination, the blood glucose should be monitored and timely intervention should be taken to prevent the development of diabetes.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898728

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) plays a critical role in the success of lumbar spinal fusion with autogenous bone graft. This study aims to explore the role and specific mechanism of miR-34c-5p in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: Rabbit model of lumbar fusion was established by surgery. The osteogenic differentiation dataset of mesenchymal stem cells was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed using R language (limma package). The expressions of miR-34c-5p, miR-199a-5p, miR-324-5p, miR-361-5p, RUNX2, OCN and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. ELISA, Alizarin red staining and CCK-8 were used to detect the ALP content, calcium deposition and proliferation of BMSCs. The targeted binding sites between miR-34c-5p and Bcl-2 were predicted by the Target database and verified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. MiR-34c-5p expression was higher in rabbit lumbar fusion model and differentiated BMSCs than normal rabbit or BMSCs. The content of ALP and the deposition of calcium increased with the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Upregulation of miR-34c-5p reduced cell proliferation and promoted ALP content, calcium deposition, RUNX2 and OCN expression compared with the control group. The effects of miR-34c-5p inhibitor were the opposite. In addition, miR-34c-5p negatively correlated with Bcl-2. Upregulation of Bcl-2 reversed the effects of miR-34c-5p on ALP content, calcium deposition, and the expressions of RUNX2 and OCN. @*Conclusions@#miR-34c-5p could promote osteogenic differentiation and suppress proliferation of BMSCs by inhibiting Bcl-2.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891024

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) plays a critical role in the success of lumbar spinal fusion with autogenous bone graft. This study aims to explore the role and specific mechanism of miR-34c-5p in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: Rabbit model of lumbar fusion was established by surgery. The osteogenic differentiation dataset of mesenchymal stem cells was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed using R language (limma package). The expressions of miR-34c-5p, miR-199a-5p, miR-324-5p, miR-361-5p, RUNX2, OCN and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. ELISA, Alizarin red staining and CCK-8 were used to detect the ALP content, calcium deposition and proliferation of BMSCs. The targeted binding sites between miR-34c-5p and Bcl-2 were predicted by the Target database and verified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. MiR-34c-5p expression was higher in rabbit lumbar fusion model and differentiated BMSCs than normal rabbit or BMSCs. The content of ALP and the deposition of calcium increased with the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Upregulation of miR-34c-5p reduced cell proliferation and promoted ALP content, calcium deposition, RUNX2 and OCN expression compared with the control group. The effects of miR-34c-5p inhibitor were the opposite. In addition, miR-34c-5p negatively correlated with Bcl-2. Upregulation of Bcl-2 reversed the effects of miR-34c-5p on ALP content, calcium deposition, and the expressions of RUNX2 and OCN. @*Conclusions@#miR-34c-5p could promote osteogenic differentiation and suppress proliferation of BMSCs by inhibiting Bcl-2.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of Daratumumab for the treatment of primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis.Methods:Twenty one patients who were diagnosed as primary AL light chain systemic amyloidosis and treated with Daratumumab from 7 centers were retrospectively analyzed. Daratumumab was administrated as first line therapy in seven patients and 14 patients with relapsed settings. Hematological response, safety and survival were analyzed.Results:All 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR) or better with first-line application of daratumumab. Three patients died, and the other four achieved organ remission. Among 14 relapsed patients, 2 patients had a difference of free light chain (dFLC) less than 20 mg/L before treatment, and 9 with a dFLC of more than 50 mg/L. All patients reached partial response (PR) or better, including 4 patients with complete response (CR), 3 with VGPR and 2 with PR. The response rate was 100% in 3 patients with dFLC 20-50 mg/L at baseline. The organ remission rate was 50% in patients with heart involvement and 58.3% in patients with kidney impairment. The overall median follow-up period was 5.3 months, and 11 months in surviving patients. One patient died of severe infection and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with stable amyloidosis. One patient switched to other regimens because dFLC elevated but did not fulfill progressive disease after 2 year application. As to safety, no grade 3/4 infusion reaction developed, and grade 1 infusion reaction occurred in 3 cases during the first infusion. Lymphocytopenia was seen in 75% patients including grade 3 or more in 30% patients.Conclusion:Daratumumab is effective to eliminate serum free light chain in both newly diagnosed and relapsed patients with systemic amyloidosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of licochalcone A on osteoarthritis in rats and its relationship with p38-MAPK inflammatory signaling pathway.Methods:A total of 160 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank non-intervention, blank intervention, arthritis non- intervention and arthritis intervention groups with 40 rats in each group. Rats in the arthritis groups were subjected to unilateral anterior cruciate ligament transection, while rats in the blank groups were only subjected to skin incision and suture. Rats in the intervention groups were treated by intra-articular injection of 1 mL 10 μmol/L licochalcone A for 8 successive weeks. Eight weeks later, the cartilage of rats in each group was stained with safranin, and osteoarthritis soft tissue was scored according to Osteoarthritis Research Society International guideline under the optical microscope. The cartilage was cultured in low glucose cell culture medium supplemented with 5% fetal bovine serum for 48 hours. The contents of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E 2, sulfated glycosaminoglycan and collagen II in the medium were determined by the chemiluminescence reaction method. The expression levels of p38, phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) and matrix metalloproteinase in cartilage tissue were detected by western blot assay. Results:The progress of osteoarthritis in rats treated with licochalcone A was slow. The Osteoarthritis Research Society International score in the arthritis intervention group was significantly lower than that in the arthritis non-intervention group [(3.8 ± 1.7) points vs. (9.7 ± 1.2) points, P = 0.0064]. The contents of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E 2, sulfated glycosaminoglycan, and collagen II in the arthritis intervention group were (77.84 ± 17.65) μmol/mg and (6.78 ± 1.76) ng/mg, (89.78 ± 9.76) μg/mg, and (1.78 ± 0.76) μg/mg, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the arthritis non-intervention group [(107.56 ± 18.74) μmol/mg, (10.756 ± 1.87) ng/mg, (125.75 ± 8.87) μg/mg, (3.76 ± 0.88) μg/mg, (NO: P = 0.002; PGE 2: P < 0.001; sGAG: P < 0.001; Collagen II: P < 0.001). Western blot assay results revealed that the relative expression of p38, p-p38, p-p38 to total p38 ratio, matrix metalloproteinase in the arthritis intervention group were (3 454 ± 421), (2 072 ± 175), (0.65 ± 0.14 )and (1 776 ± 765), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the arthritis non-intervention group (5 322 ± 323), (4 257 ± 184), (0.89 ± 0.11), (3 865 ± 874)( p38: P < 0.001; p-p38: P < 0.001; p-p38/p38: P = 0.002; MMP: P = 0.001). Conclusion:Licochalcone A can delay the progression of osteoarthritis in rats with osteoarthritis through inhibiting inflammatory reaction and cartilage matrix degradation, and p38-MAPK signaling pathway may be involved in the regulation process.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the learning curve of laparoscopic transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) for rectal cancer operated by one or two surgery teams.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. Based on the concept of real-world research, the clinical data of 1 458 patients undergoing laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from 44 medical centers who were registered in the Chinese taTME registry collaborative (CTRC) database from May 2010 to May 2020 were collected. The 1 458 patients were divided into cohorts with one surgery team or two surgery teams according to the operation method. Patients with one surgery team underwent taTME by transabdominal operation and then by transanal operation. Patients with two surgery teams underwent taTME by transabdominal and transanal operation simultaneously with duration of the simutaneous operation time ≥30 minutes. The entire surgical process of patients with two surgery teams is not required to be performed by two surgery teams simutaneously. The clinical data were collected from the medical centers with similar operation amount according to the operation time sequence to analyze the difference between different operation stages and explore the learning curve. The operation time was taken as the parameter to carry out cumulative sum analysis and draw the learning curve of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME in each medical center. The clinicopathological characteristics of patients from two medical centers with the largest difference in learning curves were analyzed. Observation indicators: (1) screening results of clinical data; (2) clinical data collection of patients with one surgery team; (3) surgical situations of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from the one surgery team in different operation stages; (4) learning curve of the one surgery team; (5) clinical data collection of patients with two surgery teams; (6) surgical situations of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from the two surgery teams; (7) learning curve of the two surgery teams. The cumulative sum was calculated by the CUSUM=∑i=1nXi-U, where Xi represented the operation time of each taTME, U represented the average operation time of all cases, and n represented the operation number. Fitting process was conducted on scatter plot of learning curves. Taking the apex of learning curve as the boundary, the learning curve was divided into two stages. The abscissa corresponding to the apex of learning curve was the number of operations that needed to be performed to cross the learning curve. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Comparison between two groups was conducted using the t test and comparison between multiple groups was conducted using the ANOVA. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( P25,P75), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test. Count data were analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Results:(1) Screening results of clinical data:the clinical data of 661 patients from 7 medical centers with one surgery team and two surgery teams were collected. (2) Clinical data collection of patients with one surgery team: the clinical data of 312 patients undergoing laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from 5 medical centers were collected including 42 cases in the number 2 medical center, 97 cases in the number 20 medical center, 82 cases in the number 33 medical center, 35 cases in the number 37 medical center and 56 cases in the number 39 medical center, respectively. (3) Surgical situations of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from the one surgery team in different operation stages: three medical centers including the number 2, number 37 and number 39 medical center with close operation volume provided the clinical data of cases distributed in five operation stages. Among the five operation stages, the proportion of high-quality operation of total mesorectal excision (TME) was ≥17/18, the incidence of postoperative complications was ≤13.3%(4/30) and the incidence of anastomotic leakage was ≤10.0%(3/30). There was no significant difference in the TME quality, postoperative complications or anastomotic leakage among the five operation stages ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time among the five operation stages ( χ2=6.950, P>0.05). (4) Learning curve of the one surgery team: the number of operations corresponding to the turning point of learning curve in number 2 and number 20 medical center was 22 and 39, respectively. The number of operations corresponding to the turning points of learning curve in number 33 and number 37 medical center was 15, 66 and 10, 28, respectively. The number of operations corresponding to the turning point of learning curve in number 39 medical center was 20. The overall curve of number 20 medical center was in line with the trend of learning curve and 39 cases of operations was the minimum number needed to cross the learning curve. The biggest difference in learning curve was shown between the number 20 and number 33 medical center. Cases with the gender of male or female, age, body mass index, cases classified as stage 1, stage 2, stage 3 or stage 4 of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Classification, cases with neoadjuvant therapy, duration of postoperative hospital stay of the number 20 medical center were 77, 20, (60±10)years, 24 kg/m 2(22 kg/m 2, 26 kg/m 2), 1, 88, 8, 0, 8, 8, 11 days (9 days, 13 days), respectively, versus 51, 31, (64±11)years, 23 kg/m 2(21 kg/m 2, 26 kg/m 2), 0, 35, 43, 1, 31, 16 days (13 day, 21 day) of number 33 medical center, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two medical centers ( χ2 =6.442, t=-2.265, Z=-2.032, -6.870, χ2 =22.120, Z=-8.408, P<0.05). (5) Clinical data collection of the two surgery teams: the clinical data of 259 patients undergoing laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from 5 medical centers were collected, including 46 cases in the number 2 medical center, 47 cases in the number 8 medical center, 78 cases in the number 18 medical center, 43 cases in the number 33 medical center and 45 cases in the number 44 medical center, respectively. (6) Surgical situations of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME from the two surgery teams: four medical centers including the number 2, number 8, number 33 and number 44 medical center with close operation volume provided the clinical data of cases distributed in four operation stages. Among the four operation stages, the proportion of high-quality operation of TME was ≥50.0%(13/26), the incidence of postoperative complications was ≤35.0%(14/40) and the incidence of anastomotic leakage was ≤22.5%(9/40). There was no significant difference in the TME quality, postoperative complications or operation time among the four operation stages ( χ2 =3.252, 4.733, 8.848, P>0.05). There was a significant difference in the incidence of anastomotic leakage among the four operation stages ( P<0.05). (7) Learning curve of the two surgery teams: the number of operations corresponding to the turning point of learning curve in number 2 and number 8 medical center was 28 and 16, respectively. The number of operations corresponding to the turning points of learning curve in number 18, number 33 and number 44 medical center was 12 and 58, 10 and 36, 14 and 36, respectively. The overall curve of number 2 medical center was in line with the trend of learning curve and 28 cases of operations was the minimum number needed to cross the learning curve. The biggest difference in learning curve was shown between the number 2 and number 33 medical center. The age and cases with tumor in stage T0 and (or) Tis, stage T1, stage T2, stage T3 or stage T4 of the T staging of the number 2 and number 33 medical center were (60±12)years, 3, 1, 9, 11, 20 and (65±10)years, 2, 3, 22, 15, 0, respectively, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two medical centers ( t=-2.280, Z=-4.033, P<0.05). Conclusion:Thirty-nine cases of operations was the minimum number for the one surgery team to cross the learning curve of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME and 28 cases of operations was the minimum number for the two surgery teams to cross the learning curve of laparoscopic rectal cancer taTME.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865109

ABSTRACT

End-stage liver disease (ESLD) is a serious threat to human health, and liver transplantation is the only effective treatment. However, most of the patients died in the process of waiting for transplantation due to the shortage of liver source. With the rapid development of biological tissue enginee-ring technology, researchers have established the strategy of 'decellularized and recellularized technology’, which has deve-loped into the first choice for construction of important organs such as the liver and opened up new ideas for the treatment of ESLD. At present, scientists are working on the optimization of this technology, in order to construction a functional 'new liver’ for transplantation. The authors review the feasibility and challenges of the application of this technology and its optimization stra-tegy in the field of regenerative surgery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the survival and prognostic factors of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with different consolidation regimens after complete remission by induction therapy.Methods:A total of 93 adult patients with ALL were enrolled from January 2012 to June 2019 in Peking University Shenzhen Hospital. All the patients achieved complete remission induced by VDLCP regimen, and were divided into the standard group, intensive group and transplantation group according to the consolidation treatment. Thirty-four patients in the standard group received an ALL-like chemotherapy regimen based on VDLCP or Hyper-CVAD consolidation for 4-6 courses. Twenty-nine patients in the intensive group received BFM90/95 consolidation treatment for 2 years. Thirty patients in the transplantation group received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) after 2-3 courses of consolidation with the original induction regimen. The median follow-up was 18 (3-96) months, and the main follow-up indicators were overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS). Prognostic factors of adult ALL patients and treatment-related deaths in each group were analyzed.Results:The 3-year OS rates of the standard group, intensive group and transplantation group were 54.0% (95% CI: 35.3%-72.6%), 71.8% (95% CI: 41.0%-94.5%), 62.3% (95% CI: 43.6%-80.9%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=6.110, P=0.047). The 3-year DFS rates of the three groups were 31.4% (95% CI: 12.9%-49.8%), 72.1% (95% CI: 52.3%-91.9%), 65.7% (95% CI: 45.3%-86.1%), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=13.831, P=0.001). There were no significant differences in OS and DFS between the intensive group and the transplantation group ( χ2=0.709, P=0.400; χ2=0.046, P=0.830). OS and DFS of the intensive group were better than those of the standard group ( χ2=5.346, P=0.021; χ2=10.326, P=0.010). Multivariate analysis suggested that bone marrow minimal residual disease (MRD) negative on day 14-21 of chemotherapy was an independent prognostic factor affecting adult ALL ( HR=0.114, 95% CI: 0.015-0.841, P=0.033). The 3-year OS rates of Ph + ALL patients who received and did not receive allo-HSCT were 53.5% (95% CI: 23.1%-83.8%), 52.4% (95% CI: 23.8%-81.0%), the 3-year DFS rates were 77.1% (95% CI: 54.2%-100.0%), 35.0% (95% CI: 4.8%-65.2%), and there were no significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=3.600, P=0.223; χ2=3.824, P=0.050). The treatment-related mortalities of the non-transplantation group (standard group + intensive group) and the transplantation group were 3.2% (2/63) and 20.0% (6/30), and the treatment-related mortality of the non-transplantation group was significantly lower than that of the transplantation group ( χ2=7.318, P=0.007). Conclusion:Adult ALL has a poor prognosis. The 3-year OS rate and 3-year DFS rate of BFM intensive consolidation therapy are better than those of standard consolidation therapy, achieving a similar effect to allo-HSCT, but treatment-related mortality does not increase significantly. Patients with bone marrow MRD negative on the day 14-21 of chemotherapy have the better OS and DFS.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 663-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829678

ABSTRACT

Immunosuppressants, which are commonly used for liver transplantation, mainly included calcineurin inhibitors, such as ciclosporin (CsA) and tacrolimus (FK506); glucocorticoid drugs, such as prednisone and prednisolone; cytotoxic drugs, such as azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil and cyclophosphamide; mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, such as sirolimus and everolimus; antibody drugs, such as polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies and interleukin (IL)-2 receptor antibodies, etc. Although many categories of immunosuppressants are available, FK506 is the most commonly adopted in liver transplant recipients. However, FK506 can provoke significant adverse effects in the late stage of liver transplantation, especially severe infection and nephrotoxicity. Consequently, it is an urgent task and research hot spot to develop new immunosuppressants with strong immune tolerance and mild adverse effects in clinical practice. In this article, the research progress on immunosuppressants and the research and development status of new immunosuppressants for liver transplantation were reviewed.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reliability of flow cytometry (FCM) for diagnosing lymphoma associated hemophagocytic syndrome (LAHS).Method:The clinical data in 57 patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)were retrospective analyzed at Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from July 2010 to July 2019. All patients were performed bone marrow FCM and bone marrow pathological examination before final diagnoses were made. The golden diagnosis criterion was based on clinical, biochemical and histopathological evidence, which was regarded as the standard to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of FCM analysis in diagnosing LAHS.Results:Among 57 cases, 36 cases were eventually diagnosed with LAHS, including 15 B-cell lymphoma(14 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 1 B-cell lymphoma with reactive T-cell hyperplasia), 13 aggressive NK/T cell lymphoma/leukemia, 2 cases of gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma, 4 angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, 1 enteropathy-associated peripheral T-cell lymphoma and 1 anaplastic T-cell lymphoma. Lymphoma cells in bone marrow were detected in all patients by FCM except one ENTCL patient. The sensitivity and the specificity of FCM in LASH compared to bone marrow biopsy were 97.2%( P=0.014)and 90.5%( P=0.488) respectively. In the other 21 non-LAHS patients, T cell receptor Vβ (TCRVβ) rearrangement was detected in 2 patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated primary HLH. Conclusions:FCM effectively detects lymphoma cells in bone marrow of lymphoma patients with LHL, suggesting that FCM could be an important indicator for the diagnosis of LAHS. FCM also has the advantage in differentiating LAHS from other HLH.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-1007 PET/CT in the detection of prostate cancer recurrence at low serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level. Methods:From July 2018 to June 2019, 45 patients (age: 59-74 years) with suspected biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer with low PSA level (<2.0 μg/L) who underwent 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT examinations in Shanxi Tumor Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Four patients with PSA<0.2 μg/L were not included in the statistical analysis due to the small sample. Among the remaining 41 patients with 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<2.0 μg/L, 10 were with 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L, 14 were with 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1.0 μg/L, 17 were with 1.0 μg/L≤PSA<2.0 μg/L. PET/CT imaging were performed within 2 weeks after the examination of serum PSA. All patients were divided into low-moderate-risk group ( n=12) and high-risk group ( n=29) according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines. χ2 test, Fisher′s exact test and Spearman rank correlation were used to analyze the data. Results:Patients were followed up for 7 (4-15) months, and all 45 patients were confirmed by pathology or follow-up. There were 31 patients with recurrence and 14 patients without recurrence. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 100%(31/31), 13/14, 97.78%(44/45)respectively. One patient with PSA<0.2 μg/L presented retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis. Among 41 patients with 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<2.0 μg/L, 31(75.61%) were with at least one recurrent lesion by 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT. There were 20 cases of local recurrence, 13 cases of lymph node metastasis, 14 cases of bone metastasis. The detection efficacies of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT were 5/10 for patients with 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L, 11/14 for those with 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1.0 μg/L, and 15/17 for those with 1.0 μg/L≤PSA<2.0 μg/L ( χ2=4.641, P>0.05). The positive results of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT were positively correlated with serum PSA value and risk group ( r values: 0.394, 0.384, both P<0.05). Conclusion:18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT is a valuable tool for detecting biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer with low PSA level.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805304

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of the level of city development on quality control indicators of health management centers.@*Methods@#We conducted this study on the health management centers of 42 tertiary public hospitals in Shandong Province. We collected data on their basic situation and quality control indicators, such as number of health examinations, construction area, number of employees, number of electrocardiographs and ultrasonic machines, rate of real name examination, and rate of timely notification of class A and class B abnormal positive results. We also collected data on the socioeconomic indicator of cities, including GDP, resident population, financial expenditure, and physician ownership per thousand population. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to explore the relationship between the situation of health management centers and cities' development indicators.@*Results@#In 2017, the number of health examinations of the 42 health management centers ranged from 9 200 to 120 149, and the median was 39 326. Medians of number of electrocardiographs, ultrasound machines, X-ray machines, and CT machines were 3(2), 5(4), 2(1), and 1(2), respectively. Medians of rate of real name examination and pre-test questionnaire were 100(2%)% and 30%(63%), respectively. The resource and equipment of the health management centers were related to the GDP, financial expenditure and number of doctors in the city. It was also related to the number of health examinations, number of employees, the construction area, and the number of years since health management center establishment. The quality control indicators of the health management centers were related to factors such as GDP, population size, and financial expenditure. Rate of real name examination positively correlated with GDP (r=0.419, P=0.007), resident population (r=0.361, P=0.022), financial expenditure (r=0.430, P=0.006), and medical and health expenditure (r=0.430, P=0.006). Rate of timely notification of class A abnormal positive results positively correlated with GDP (r=0.602, P<0.001), resident population (r=0.570, P<0.001), medical and health expenditure (r=0.553, P<0.001), and physician ownership per thousand population (r=0.433, P=0.008).@*Conclusion@#The development of quality control indicators of health management centers is related to the regional social and economic development and medical investment. Therefore, increasing funds and personnel investment is conducive to the improvement of the quality of health examination and health management.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804744

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the effects of different concentrations and doses of urea on the proliferation and apoptosis of human hemangioma endothelial cells, in order to provide evidence for the further mechanism study of urea in the treatment of hemangioma.@*Methods@#Human hemangioma endothelial cells (HemECs) and normal endothelial cells (VE) were cultured in vitro. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 after invention with different concentrations(40%, 50%, 60%, 70%) and doses(3, 6, 9 μl/ml) of urea. The apoptosis of HemECs was detected by flow cytometry dual-dye and propidium lodide single dye.@*Results@#The viability of HemECs was significantly lower than that of VE under different concentrations and doses of urea (P<0.05). The inhibition rate of 40% urea on HemECs increased with the increase of urea dose (P<0.05), and the inhibition effect was most obvious at 4 h and 12 h. The apoptosis of HemECs increased in a time and dosage dependent manner with the treatment of 40% urea. High dose(9 μl/ml)of 40% urea significantly promoted the apoptosis of HemECs(P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Low dose of 40% urea significantly inhibited the proliferation of HemECs, and had no significant effect on VE. However, high doses of urea promoted apoptosis of HemECs.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792016

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic characteristics of VP1 genes carried by coxsack-ievirus A16 strains isolated from cases of hand foot and mouth disease ( HFMD) in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017. Methods Fecal and anal swab specimens were collected from patients with mild HFMD in four senti-nel hospitals and the Institute of Pathogen Biology, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China during 2016 to 2017. All specimens were tested for CVA16 viral RNA using real-time RT-PCR. The VP1 genes of 51 randomly selected CVA16 strains were amplified by RT-PCR and then sequenced using TaKaRa Biomedical Technology ( Dalian). Bioinformatics software, including Mega6. 02, BioEdit and DNAStar, was used for comparison and analysis of the VP1 genes. Results CVA16 strains in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017 mainly belonged to B1a and B1b subtypes as well as an emerging subtype B3. The epi-demic of B1b subtype was found in both 2016 (28 strains) and 2017 (19 strains), while the B1a subtype ( two strains) was only detected in 2017. Two B3 subtype strains were detected in 2017. The strains of B1b subtype were closely related to the strains isolated in Shanghai ( JQ314149 ) , Wenzhou ( KP289416 ) and Beijing (KU254598), while the B1a subtype strains were closely related to the strains isolated in Kunming (JQ316639) and Tailand (GQ184139). The B3 subtype strain was an emerging CVA16 epidemic strain in mainland China. Further comparison of the CVA16 epidemic strains in Shenzhen area during 2016 to 2017 with the CVA16 strains causing severe neurological symptoms showed that two amino acid mutations ( S14N and M23L) were found in VP1 protein. Conclusions The epidemic strains of CVA16 were B1b subtype in Shenzhen area in 2016. However, B1a, B1b and the emerging B3 subtype strains were prevalent in 2017. Compared with the CVA16 strains causing severe neurological symptoms, the CVA16 strains circulating in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017 carried two amino acid mutations inVP1 protein.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1500-1510, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771779

ABSTRACT

MarR family transcription regulators are ubiquitous among bacteria and archaea. They extensively control multiple cellular processes and elaborately regulate the expression of genes involved in virulence, stress response and antibiotics at translational level. In Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, insertional inactivation of MarR family transcription regulator HpaR (XC2827) resulted in significantly decrease in virulence and increase in the production of the extracellular proteases. Here, we reported that the genome of Xcc 8004 encodes nine MarR family transcription regulators. The MarR family transcription regulators, HpaR (XC2827) and XC0449, were heterologous expressed and purified. In vitro MST and Pull-down assay confirmed the physical interaction between HpaR and XC0449. Phenotypical assay determined that deletion of XC0449 resulted in substantial virulence attenuation. In vitro EMSA, in vivo qRT-PCR and GUS activity assay identified that HpaR and XC0449 coordinately act as the transcriptional activator to regulate the expression of the virulence-associated gene XC0705, and eventually control the bacterial virulence and the production of extracellular proteases.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial , Transcription Factors , Virulence , Xanthomonas campestris
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754504

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influences on prognoses and airway acid and base levels while using anti-inflammatory and anti-reflux therapies combined with "Hezhong Fuzheng massage" for treatment of infants with gastric volvulus (GV) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER)-induced pneumonia in order to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment of such infant disease. Methods Sixty infants 1-6 months old admitted to the Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine of Wuhan Children's Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 were diagnosed as pneumonia combined with GV and GER by the chest radiograph and radiography of upper gastrointestinal tract (UGT) with iodine, and according to difference in diagnostic methods, they were divided into an observation 1 group (30 cases) and an observation 2 group (30 cases). In observation 1 group, 24-hour pH value in upper digestive tract especially the distal esophagus was dynamically monitored, while in observation 2 group, 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) combined with pH monitoring of esophagus was carried out. Furthermore, two control groups were set up, each 30 cases; after radiography of the UGT with iodine, the control 1 group was diagnosed as GV and GER without pneumonia and control 2 group was diagnosed as only simple GV. Treatment of infant pneumonia was carried out in accordance with the guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia in children; the treatment of GV and GER included postural, dietary, prokinetic and Hezhong Fuzheng massage [acupoint selection and massage was undertaken in 5 steps: push from the palmar crease to Banmen (rectilinear pushing manipulation) 300 times, push abdominal Yin and Yang (finger-pushing massage) 200 times, palpate the abdomen (clockwise) 100 times, poking of Tianshu 100 times, poke alternately bilateral Zusanli 100 times. Once-daily massage, (15±2) minutes each time, for consecutive 7 days]. The results of pH monitoring of the distal esophagus in observation 1 group was recorded; All GER data concerning pH monitoring of observation 2 group and the results of esophagus multi-channel intra-luminal impedance combined with pH monitoring in control group were compared. After 7 days of continuous treatment, the clinical efficacy of pneumonia and GV, hospitalization time, prognosis and the changes of sputum pH before and after treatment in the two observation groups were compared. Results In two observation groups, the main type of 60 cases with GV was organoaxial volvulus, accounting for 91.67% (55 cases), and more than 60% patients exhibited sputum pH <7.0. The distal esophagus 24-hour pH dynamic monitoring in observation 1 group showed that there were 26 cases with acid reflux (86.67%), 4 cases with GER negative (13.33%), the proportion of pH < 4 in GER negative patients was significantly lower than that in moderate acid reflux patients [3.35% (0.77% - 8.08%) vs. 26.23% (15.19% - 42.87%), P < 0.05], the number of long reflux (> 5 minutes) in GER negative patients was significantly reduced than that in mild acid reflux patients [times: 2 (0-5) vs. 7 (2-15), P < 0.05], the longest time of reflux in GER negative patients was significantly shorter than that in either mild or moderate acid reflux patients [minutes: 5.9 (2.5-10.0) vs. 19.2 (5.9-51.0), 41.6 (16.9-121.0), both P < 0.05]. The 24-hour MII-pH monitoring of esophagus in observation 2 group showed that there were 30 cases with pathological reflux, mainly mild acid reflux accounting for 90%, in which the percentage of proximal reflux events was 46.07% in the total reflux events. The numbers of acid reflux and proximal reflux in the observation 2 group were significantly higher than those in the control 1 and 2 groups [1 305 (37.72%) vs. 795 (25.69%) and 136 (18.89%), 1 594 (46.07%) vs. 687 (22.20%) and 154 (21.39%), both P < 0.05]; there were no significant differences in total effective rate (100% vs. 100%, P > 0.05) and hospitalization time (days: 7.58±1.09 vs. 7.67±1.12, P > 0.05) between the two observation groups. Conclusions For the diagnosis of infant pneumonia combined with GV and GER, the first selection of chest radiograph and radiography of the UGT with iodine can identify the severity of pneumonia, whether it is complicated with GV and its classification, and whether GER exists at the same time. The estimation of 24-hour pH dynamic monitoring of the acid reflux in the upper digestive tract especially the distal esophagus is consistent with that of the 24-hour MII-PH monitoring of esophagus. Moreover, 24-hour MII-PH monitoring of esophagus can also identify non-acid reflux, resulting in the GER diagnosis more accurate. Since the proximal reflux ratio of infants with GV combined with GER and pneumonia is relatively high and easy to cause cough and aspiration. attention should be paid on early diagnosis and timely intervention to such patients. The sputum acidity test can reflect the airway acid-base level and its manipulation is simple, so by that the real time disease situation can be estimated, and aspiration of sputum also can help the treatment. The therapeutic schedule formulated by our group can elevate the therapeutic effect, improve the airway acid-base environment and benefit prognosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753869

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of the nutritional status of elderly patients in Chinese major hospitals dynamically with nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and subjective global assessment (SGA) during hospitalization.Methods A prospective,multi-center survey was conducted on over 65 years old patients who were admitted in departments of gastroenterology,respiratory medicine,general surgery,geriatrics,thoracic surgery,neurology,orthopedics and medical oncology of 9 large hospitals in China for 7-30 days between June 2014 and September 2014.On admission and within 24 hours after discharge,the clinical data were recorded,physical indices were measured,and laboratory examination were conducted.NRS 2002 and SGA were used to make an evaluation.The nutritional supports and clinical outcomes were also recorded and then the correlation between nutritional status and clinical outcomes were analyzed.Results A total of 2558 patients above 65 years old were included into the study.Compared with their status on admission,their grip strength,upper arm circumference and crural circumference were reduced significantly at discharge (P<0.05).The total protein,albumin and hemoglobin levels were significantly lower than those on admission (P<0.05).The incidence of nutritional risk (NRS 2002 score ≥ 3) and malnutrition (SGA B + C) on admission were lower than those at discharge (51.1% vs 53.0%,32.6% vs 35.6%).The hospitalization time and medical expenses were higher in patients with malnutrition on admission than in those with normal nutrition intakes.The nutritional status at discharge was negatively correlated with hospitalization time and medical expenses.61.3% patients having nutritional risk did not take nutritional support during the hospital stay,while utilization rate of parenteral nutrition was higher than that of enteral nutrition in patients receiving nutritional support (19.6% vs 11.9%).Conclusion Elderly patients have higher possibilities of facing nutritional risk or malnutrition on admission,these are associated with poor clinical outcomes and their nutritional status will not improve significantly at discharge.Therefore,the screening and evaluation of nutritional status in elderly patients during hospitalization should be conducted and their nutritional intervention should be standardized so as to improve the clinical outcomes.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797627

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the genetic characteristics of VP1 genes carried by coxsackievirus A16 strains isolated from cases of hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017.@*Methods@#Fecal and anal swab specimens were collected from patients with mild HFMD in four sentinel hospitals and the Institute of Pathogen Biology, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China during 2016 to 2017. All specimens were tested for CVA16 viral RNA using real-time RT-PCR. The VP1 genes of 51 randomly selected CVA16 strains were amplified by RT-PCR and then sequenced using TaKaRa Biomedical Technology (Dalian). Bioinformatics software, including Mega6.02, BioEdit and DNAStar, was used for comparison and analysis of the VP1 genes.@*Results@#CVA16 strains in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017 mainly belonged to B1a and B1b subtypes as well as an emerging subtype B3. The epidemic of B1b subtype was found in both 2016 (28 strains) and 2017 (19 strains), while the B1a subtype (two strains) was only detected in 2017. Two B3 subtype strains were detected in 2017. The strains of B1b subtype were closely related to the strains isolated in Shanghai (JQ314149), Wenzhou (KP289416) and Beijing (KU254598), while the B1a subtype strains were closely related to the strains isolated in Kunming (JQ316639) and Tailand (GQ184139). The B3 subtype strain was an emerging CVA16 epidemic strain in mainland China. Further comparison of the CVA16 epidemic strains in Shenzhen area during 2016 to 2017 with the CVA16 strains causing severe neurological symptoms showed that two amino acid mutations (S14N and M23L) were found in VP1 protein.@*Conclusions@#The epidemic strains of CVA16 were B1b subtype in Shenzhen area in 2016. However, B1a, B1b and the emerging B3 subtype strains were prevalent in 2017. Compared with the CVA16 strains causing severe neurological symptoms, the CVA16 strains circulating in Shenzhen during 2016 to 2017 carried two amino acid mutations inVP1 protein.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775193

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epidemiological studies have suggested that noise exposure may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and experimental studies have demonstrated that noise exposure can induce insulin resistance in rodents. The aim of the present study was to explore noise-induced processes underlying impaired insulin sensitivity in mice.@*METHODS@#Male ICR mice were randomly divided into four groups: a control group without noise exposure and three noise groups exposed to white noise at a 95-dB sound pressure level for 4 h/day for 1, 10, or 20 days (N1D, N10D, and N20D, respectively). Systemic insulin sensitivity was evaluated at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month post-noise exposure (1DPN, 1WPN, and 1MPN) via insulin tolerance tests (ITTs). Several insulin-related processes, including the phosphorylation of Akt, IRS1, and JNK in the animals' skeletal muscles, were examined using standard immunoblots. Biomarkers of inflammation (circulating levels of TNF-α and IL-6) and oxidative stress (SOD and CAT activities and MDA levels in skeletal muscles) were measured via chemical analyses.@*RESULTS@#The data obtained in this study showed the following: (1) The impairment of systemic insulin sensitivity was transient in the N1D group but prolonged in the N10D and N20D groups. (2) Noise exposure led to enhanced JNK phosphorylation and IRS1 serine phosphorylation as well as reduced Akt phosphorylation in skeletal muscles in response to exogenous insulin stimulation. (3) Plasma levels of TNF-α and IL-6, CAT activity, and MDA concentrations in skeletal muscles were elevated after 20 days of noise exposure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Impaired insulin sensitivity in noise-exposed mice might be mediated by an enhancement of the JNK/IRS1 pathway. Inflammation and oxidative stress might contribute to insulin resistance after chronic noise exposure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Metabolism , Inflammation , Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Physiology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8 , Genetics , Metabolism , Noise , Oxidative Stress , Physiology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Time Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607334

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the rehabilitation effects of the cochlear implants on prelingually deaf children with alba abnormality.Methods A retrospective analysis of the effects of CIs was conducted in the prelingually deaf children of 11 cases of the children with abnormal alba(the research group) and 18 cases of the children who had normal alba(the control group) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian medical university.All the operations were completed by the same doctor.There were no obvious complications during and after the operation.The cochlear implants were turned on after one month and the prelingually deaf children with extremely severe bilateral sensorineural deafness were trained for speech at the rehabilitation centre.The assessment criteria of the categories of auditory performance(CAP) and speech intelligibility rate(SIR) were used.After six months and twelve months of the operation, the family members were followed who have direct contacts with the children.The evaluation of data between the research and the control groups was administered.Results In the research group, the average level of CAP after six months'' post-operation was 2.41±0.47.But in the control group, the average level was 3.28±0.45.In the research group, the average level of SIR after six months'' post-operation was 1.27±0.44.There were 3 children in the research group at level 2, but in the control group, the average level was 1.89±0.31.Two children in the control group were level 1 while the others were level 2.In the research group, the average level of CAP after twelve months'' post-operation was 4.00±0.43 while only one child at level 3.There was one child at level 5 in the research group, the rest were level 4.There was a statistically significant difference in the average level of the CAP after six months'' post-operation(t=4.983, P0.05) and in the average level of the SIR after twelve months'' post-operation(t=0.434, P>0.05).Conclusion There is no significant difference of the rehabilitation effects of post-operation between the prelingually deaf children with alba abnormality and those with normal alba.

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