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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885676

ABSTRACT

In 2009, hepatitis E virus was first detected in wild rats ( Rattus norvegicus) in Germany and was designated as rat hepatitis E virus (rat HEV). Since then, rat HEV has been detected in various murine rodents in many geographic regions. The potential of rat HEV to infect human has been ignored as the viral genomic nucleotide sequences of rat HEV and the HEV strains of human sources are only about 50%-56% identical. Recently, a few clinical hepatitis E cases with chronic or acute rat HEV infection have been reported and raised many concerns. Here, advances in studies of the prevalence of rat HEV in animals and the clinical hepatitis E cases caused by rat HEV were reviewed.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501888

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect of levosimendan and milrinone on treatment of severe heart valve disease patients with postoperative low cardiac output syndrome. Methods Fifty-six severe heart valve disease patients with postoperative low cardiac output syndrome were selected, and the patients were divided into levosimendan group and milrinone group according to treatment method with 28 cases each. Both groups received symptom-relieved therapy, including cardiotonic, diuresis and other drugs. The patients in levosimendan group were combined with 24 h of continuous intravenous injection of levosimendan 0.05-0.20 μg/(kg·min) for 1 week, and the patients in milrinone group were combined with 24 h of continuous intravenous injection of milrinone 0.25-1.00 μg/(kg·min) for 1 week, in order to maintain mean arterial pressure ≥ 65 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). The cardiac output, cardiac index, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and the serum levels of lactic acid, creatinine, N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were compared between 2 groups. Results There were no statistical differences in cardiac output, cardiac index, LVEF, and the serum levels of creatinine, lactic acid, NT-proBNP before treatment between 2 groups (P>0.05). The cardiac output, cardiac index, LVEF, and the serum levels of creatinine, lactic acid and NT-proBNP after treatment in 2 groups were significantly better than those before treatment, and there were statistical differences ( P0.05). The serum levels of creatinine, lactic acid and NT-proBNP after treatment in levosimendan group were significantly lower than those in milrinone group: (102.82 ± 21.31) μmol/L vs. (115.64 ± 58.73) μmol/L, (1.7 ± 1.4) mmol/L vs. (2.2 ± 1.0) mmol/L and (1 149 ± 515) ng/L vs. (1 321 ± 472) ng/L, and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Conclusions Both the two drugs can significantly improve cardiac function in severe heart valve diseases patients with postoperative low cardiac output syndrome, while the levosimendan has more advantages in lowering serum creatinine, lactic acid value and NT-proBNP.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480015

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim was to evaluate the development of pulmonary arteries(PA) in patients with pulmonary atresia,ventricular septal defect and diminutive pulmonary arteries by using a central end-to-side shunt between the ascending aorta and pulmonary arteries and to identify the associated factors for the results.Methods 51 consecutive patients(37 male,14 female) with pulmonary atresia,ventricular septal defect and diminutive pulmonary arteries received a central end-to-side shunt between PA and the ascending aorta from May 2004 to June 2013.Ages and weight ranged between 2-86 months and 2.5-21.5 kg,respectively.39 patients with main PA diameters less than 4 mm received the central end-to-side shunt between the ascending aorta and PA,and 14 patients with main pulmonary arteries absence received a modified shunt.Results There were no deaths during operation and follow-up.Compared with preoperative measures,total pulmonary artery index increased from a mean value of(68.8 ± 11.4) mm2/m2 to(129.1 ± 24.9) mm2/m2 (P < 0.001) at the time of six months or the final repair after shunt.The increased pulmonary artery index change was(87.7 ± 27.4) % (27.0% to 150.0%).By multivariate regression analysis,age at shunt,shunt procedure and number of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries were correlated with increasing pulmonary artery index change.Conclusion The central end-to-side shunt between the ascending aorta and pulmonary arteries promoted sufficient growth of the diminutive central pulmonary arteries.Due to the risk of a distortion of pulmonary branches,we interposed a modified procedure for patients with main pulmonary arteries absence.It is technically easy to perform,warrants low risk of shunt thrombosis in the early postoperative period.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4073-4074, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441107

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the causes of medical complaints ,seek methods to prevent medical disputes .Methods All medical complaints were collected and analyzed retrospectively in 2011 .Results In 278 medical complaints ,there were 161 (57 .91% ) complaints by telephone ,101 (36 .33% ) complaints by hospital electronic touch screen ,16 (5 .76% ) complaints by E-mail;the top three complaint departments were vasculocardiology department 33(11 .87% ) ,department of gynaecology and obstet-rics 29(10 .43% ) ,urology department 26(9 .35% ) ,respectively ;the top three complaint reason were poor doctor-patient communi-cation 101(36 .33% ) ,poor service level 69(24 .82% ) and ward disadvantaged 45(16 .19% ) ,respectively .Conclusion Prevention of medical complaints of the most important measures is to improve the skill of doctor-patient communication and technical level of medical staff .Furthermore ,hospital should strengthen the construction of infrastructure .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428379

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the pulmonary arterial development over five years in patients underwent extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (ETCPC).Methods43 survived patients,who had undergone ETCPC were examined with pulmonary perfusion at one month and five year following the operation.Central venous pressure (CVP) and arterial oxygenation saturation (SatO2 % ) were measured by right cardiac catheter,pulmonary arterial index (PAI) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) were calculated.Pulmonary blood distribution were measured and calculated by 99m Tc-MAA perfusion imaging.ResultsThe PAI and PVR of the follow-up group reduced significantly ( t =2.41,P < 0.05 ; t =2.08,P < 0.05 ),CVP also reduced significantly ( t =2.69,P < 0.05 ),but SatO2 % did not changed significantly.Total radionuclide counts and the ratio of rightorleft pulmonary perfusion did not change significantly.( t =0.38,P > 0.05 ;t =1.12,P > 0.05 ),but the ratio of the superior and inferior lobe decreased significantly( t =2.54,P < 0.05 ).ConclusionThe weak pulsation and low dynamic of Fontan circulation also can promote pulmonary vascular development.However,the improvement of hemodynamic in pulmonary circulation at mid-term follow will not lead to an increased amount of pulmonary perfusion or oxygen supply,which is probably due to the massive opening of the arteriovenous shunt and increased futile circulation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421039

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the results of the Fontan procedure in patients with visceroatrial heterotaxy syndrome and complex cardiac anomalies.Methods From April 2002 through December 2010,25 patients (male 10,female 15) had undergone the Fontan procedure for heterotaxy syndrome or atrial isomerism and complex congenital heart disease 28 times.Median age at operation was (9.1 ± 5.5) years (2 to 18 years).Heterotaxy syndrome were associated with right atrial isomerism (n =18) or left atrial isomerism (n =7),asplenia (n =13) or polysplenia (n =7),double inlet of left ventricle (n =15),double inlet and outlet of left ventricle (n =5),double outlet right ventricle with pulmonary atresia (n =2) and with pulmonary stenosis (n =1),tricuspid or mitral atresia (n =2).A bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt was performed in 8 patients (bilateral in 3 patients).A cavopulmonary shunt placement,so-called Kawashima operation,was performed in 4 patients.An extracardiac conduit Fontan connection was pefformed in 15 patients and intracardiac lateral tunnel Fontan connection in one patient.Results 2 patients died in hospital caused by ventricular failure.Five patients developed early postoperative atrial arrhythmias and 2 patients had sinus node dysfunction.Mean arterial oxygen saturation at discharge was 0.86 ± 0.07 (range,0.78 to 1.00).Follow-up (range,0.5 to 7 years) was available on 15 patients.Mean arterial oxygen saturation was 0.82 ±0.08 (range,0.68 to 0.97).Ventricular function was normal in 13 patients (EF range,0.50 to 0.66) and depressed in 2 patients.Four patients had a junctional rhythm.Conclusion The Fontan procedure was still the main procedure for patients with visceroatrial heterotaxy syndrome and complex cardiac anomalies,which can reach satisfactory early and medium-term results.The choice of Fontan procedure,extracardiac conduit Fontan connection,aggressive treatment of concomitant malformations were essential to improve the outcomes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419930

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the indication and surgical technique for treating tetralogy of F allot with pulmonary atresia (TOF-PA).Methods From June 1984 to June 2009,66 patients with TOF-PA underwent 69 operations.Among them,34 were males and 32 females.Their age ranged from 6 months to 29 years.The anatomic characteristics of TOF-PA included 31 cases of Type Ⅰ,14 Type Ⅱ,12 Type Ⅲ and 9 Type Ⅳ.The operations included palliative aorto-pulmonary shunts in 11 cases,one-stage unifocalization with unpatched VSD in 2 cases,one stage complete repair in 40 cases,one-stage unifocalization with VSD repair in 13 cases,and delayed intracardiac repair after shunt procedures in 3 cases.Results There were 6 early deaths,including 1 death happened after aorta-pulmonary shunt and 5 after complete repair.The causes of death were severe low cardiac output in 3 cases,respiratory failure in 1,multiorgan function failure in 1 and severe wound infection with endocarditis in 1 after aorta-pulmonary shunt.The postoperative oxygen saturation of the patients undergone shunt and one stage unifocalization with unpatched VSD increased to 82% ~ 91%.The postoperative ratio of right ventricular pressure/left ventricular pressure after complete repair was < 0.5 in 31 cases,18 cases were between 0.5 and 7 cases > 0.75.47 patients were followed up from 3 months to 15.5 years.The heart function(NYHA) of 44 patients were in class Ⅰ or Ⅱ and 3 in class Ⅲ or Ⅳafter operation.Conclusion The surgical strategy for TOF-PA mainly depends on the anatomic characteristics of the pulmonary and aortopulmonary collateral arteries.An individualized approach based on the anatomy of the pulmonary circuits permits a better result in the patients with TOF-PA.Patients with well developed pulmonary arteries should undergo one stage complete repair as early as possible.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391756

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe the effective measures for decreasing the early mortality after unsuccessful interventional treatment for atrial septal defect(ASD)and ventricular septal defect(VSD).Methods A total of 16 patients who underwent surgical treatment of unsuccessful interventional treatment for ASD and VSD from January 2000 to December 2007 were included in this retrospective analysis.Surgical indication was the occluder abscission(7 cases),cardiac perforation(3 eases),the third degree atrioventricular conduction block(3 cases),valvular regurgitation(2 cases,1 case accompanied with the third degreeatrioventricular conduction block),residual shunt(1 case),unsuecesflful interventional treatment(1 case).An of 16 cases underwent surgical treatment including removal of the displaced occluder and/or the congenital heart disease repaired on cardiopulmonary bypass.After surgical treatment.all patients were transferred into ICU for further supervision and treatment.Results There Was no hospital mortality.Twelve ASD cases were performed after the interventional treatment,which included 5 cases with central ASD and 7 CaseS with inferior sinus venous ASD.Coincidental rate between operating exploration and preoperative diagnosis was 41.7%(5/12).Misdiagnostic rate between them was 58.3%(7/12).The diameter of ASD (31.0 ±1.0)mm by operating exploration after interventional therapy of ASD obviously increased compared with that(26.0±2.3)mm before preoperative diagnosis(P<0.05).The diameter of VSD(5.0±0.8)mm by operating exploration after intervenfional therapy of VSD obviously increased compared with that(4.0±0.3)mm before operative diagnosis(P>0.05).,The third degree atrioventricular conduction block(3 cases)restored sinus rhythm after operation.Procedure was successful in all patients.Conclusion It is necessary to monitor severe complications of unsuccessful interventional treatment for ASD and VSD to assure the successes of the operations.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 139-141, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391114

ABSTRACT

Objective Analyzing risk factors for gastrointestinal bleeding(GIB) after coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG). Methods 582 cases undergoing CABG from August 2001 to May 2005 were divided into two groups (GIB group ,n=6 ;control group,n=576) . Preoperative , operative and postoperative clinic data were com-pared. Results The ratio of over-aging(age greater than 70), hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, myocardial in-fraction,heart function (NYHA) over Ⅲ and postoperative low output syndrome (LOS) in GIB group were signifi-cantly higher than that in control group;age, blood transfusion and hospitalized time were significantly higher and left ventricular ejective fraction was significantly lower in GIB group than that in control group. Age over 70,history of myocardial infraction and heart function (NYHA) over Ⅲ were selected as risk factors of GIB after CABG by step-wise logistic regression analysis. Conclusions It is very useful for precaution, early diagnosis and early therapy of GIB after CABG to evaluate if patients have the risk factors of GIB after CABG before operations.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386550

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical features and treatment experience of subpulmonic ventricular septal defect (SPVSD). Method The clinical data of 241 cases of SPVSD were analyzed retrospectively. Results Two hundred and fifteen cases were confirmed by echocardiography before operation, while other 26 cases were misdiagnosed (10.79%, 26/241), 42 cases with aortic valve prolapsed,ECG showed left ventricular hypertrophy. All patients underwent surgical repair of VSD. Other procedures had been done in the same stage including aortic valve replacement (AVR) in 8 cases, aortic valvuloplasty (AVP) in 6 cases and other operations. The size of VSD was larger than the value echocardiography measured before operation. There were no perioperative death and no complete atrioventricular block. Two hundred and thirty cases (95.44%, 230/241) were followed up for 3 months to 5 years. The cardiac function (NYHA) in 189 cases were grade Ⅰ and 41 cases were grade Ⅱ. There was no residual shunt of VSD. Among patients who underwent AVP or AVR, 1 case developed mild insufficiency, others developed well. Others underwent another operations all developed well. Conclusion To achieve satisfactory results, it should enhance the overall understanding of SPVSD, improve the diagnostic accuracy of SPVSD, take positive surgical repair of VSD and reasonable treatment with aortic valve disease, and other malformation or disease.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383608

ABSTRACT

Objective Study the management and outcomes of one-stage repair of aortic coarctation or interrupted aortic arch associated with cardiac anomalies through median sternotomy.Methods From July 2002 to June 2009,43 patients with aortic coarctation(34 cases)or interrupted aortic arch(9 cases)and associated with cardiac anomalies underwent one-stage repair.There were 27 males and 16 females.The age ranged from 5 months to 9 years and the body weight from 3.5 kg to 29.0 kg.The associated cardiac anomalies included ventricular septal defect in 42 patients,patent ductus arterious in 34,secundum atrial septal defect in 12,subaortic stenesis in 5,mitral valve regurgitation in 2 and double outlet of right vantricule in 1.All patients underwent one-stage repair through median sternotomy.The aortic continuity was reestablished by direct anastomosis between the descending aortic segment and aortic arch.Results There was one postoperative death.The causs was pulmonary hypertension and severe low cardiac output syndrome.The postoperative complications included severe low cardiac output syndrome in 3 patients,hypoxemia in 6,pneumonia in 11,atelectasis in 14,injury of recurrent laryngeal nerve in 19,and supra ventricular tachycardia in 23.34 patients were followed up from 3 months to 5 years and were in good condition without recoarctation.Conclusion The outcomes of early and medium term for one-stage repair of aortic coarctation or interrupted aortic arch and associated cardiac anomalies through median sternotomy is excellent.Technique of extended anastomosis between the descending aortic segment and aortic arch may reduce the incidence of recoarctation

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383096

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of assistive functional rehabilitation exercise on cardiac functioning of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods Sixty CHF patients were divided randomly into a treatment group (the rehabilitation group) and a control group, with 30 in each group. All the patients were administered routine therapy. In the treatment group, the patients were administered rehabilitation exercises with the assistance of a electric equipment made by the authors, daily for 5 days a week for a total of 3 months. The New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac function grading, the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), the left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level in plasma as well as the 6 min walking range were observed in both groups before and after treatment. Results After 3-months of treatment, the NYHA grading, LVEF, LVEDD, BNP level in plasma and 6 min walking range were all significantly improved in both groups when compared with those before the treatment, with the treatment group improved to a significantly larger extent than the control group ( p<0.05 ). Conclusion Assistive rehabilitation exercise in addition to the routine therapy can significantly help improve the cardiac function in CHF patients.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 344-346, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395518

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between TGF-beta1,BRCA2,HER2,ER,PR and clinical factors in breast cancer.Methods The expression of TGF-beta1,BRCA2,HEB2,ER,PB in 67 cases breast carcinoma were detected by immunohistochemistry staining SP method.The correlation of the results with other parameters which included age,pathohistological grade,status of auxiliary lymph nodes were analyzed by mono-factor unconditional logistic regression analysis.Results The expression of TGF-beta1 was correlated with BRCA2.and the expression of BRCA2 was correlated with TGF-beta1 and c-erbB-2 in breast cancer.Condusion Overexpression of BRCA2 was related with TGF-beta1 and HER2 in breast carcinoma.It was useful in breast carcinoma prognosis by detecting these three factors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407671

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND; As the bridge vessel, radial artery is easy to occur spasm and injury of endometrium, and the abnormal proliferation of endometrium, re-vasospasm, etc. appear at early period postoperatively, which can affect the operative outcomes.OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of nitroglycenn (NTG), verapamil (VP), paraverine (PA), and the mixture of NTG and VP on relaxing spasm of radial artery in human being.DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial.SETTING: Department of Cardiosurgery, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command of Chinese PLA.PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with autologous radial artery, were selected from the Department of Cardiosurgery, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area Command of Chinese PLA from September to November in 2006, including 18 males and 12 females, 48-74 years of age. Informed consents were obtained from all the patients or their relatives preoperatively.METHODS:① The samples of human radial artery in CABG were collected, and totally 95 vascular rings were used in this study. The rings were divided into five groups: NTG group, VP group, PA group, VP+NTG group and control group.There two parts of the experiment, vasospasm relaxation test and vasospasm prevention test. The vascular rings in the control group were only immersed in the Krebs- Ringer solution without any drug. ② Drugs: NTG was purchased from Solo Pak Laboratories (Franklin Park, IL), PA from Eli Lilly & Co., (Indianapolis, IN), VP and others from Sigma (St.Louis, MO). ③ Thirty vascular rings were used in the vasospasm relaxation test, and the method of bath chamber was applied. Deoxyepinephrine (terminal concentration of 1 ×10-3 mol/L) was added to stimulate the contraction and spasm of the vascular rings, then four vasodilatators were added, the concentrations of VP and NTG were 30 μmol/L, and that of PA was 0.1%. Relaxation rate=(resting tension after stimulation-initial resting tension)/initial resting tension× 100%. ④ The other 60 vascular rings were used in the vasospasm prevention test. Firstly, the rings were immersed in the four solutions of vasodilatators of corresponding concentrations and Krebs- Ringer solution respectively for 30 minutes. After pretreatment, the vascular rings were randomly divided intc normothermia group (n =30) and cryopreservation group (n =30). In the cryopreservation group, the vascular rings were put into the Krebs-Ringer buffer solution at 4 ℃, and kept in refrigerator at 4 ℃ for 24 hours. The spasms of radial artery were observed.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes of resting tension (degree of contraction and relaxation rate of dilatation) of vascular rings before and after administration.RESULTS: ① Effect on the dilatation of spastic radial artery: The radial artery was completely within 11 minutes in all the VP+NTG group, VP group, NTG group and PA group. But in the first 3 minutes, the dilating effects of VP+NTG and NTG were obviously better than the other two groups. The dilatation curves showed that the dilating ability in order was VP+NTG > NTG > VP > PA. ② Effect of pretreatment of radial artery on antispasm: In the normothermia group, the contractility of the vascular ring produced by 1 ×10-3 mol/L deoxyepinephrine was close between the VP+NTG group and VP group [(0.47±0.06), (0.49±0.08) g, P > 0.05], which were obviously different from those in the NTG group and PA group [(0.81±0.22), (0.87±0.26) g, P < 0.05]. After cryopreservation for 24 hours, the contractility in the VP+NTG group was not obviously different from that in the VP group [(0.86±0.11), (0.90±0.13) g, P > 0.05], and obviously lower than those in the NTG group, PA group and control group [(4.82±0.87), (5.00±0.53), (5.10±0.67) g, P < 0.01], whereas those in the NTG group and PA group were close to that in the control group (P > 0.05).CONCLUSION: The drugs can prevent and relax the spasm of radial artery to different extents, whereas considering from preventing spasm and the time-effect of treatment, the mixture of VP and NTG seems to be more proper as the preparation solution for the treatment of radial artery in CABG.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587904

ABSTRACT

The technology of artificial intelligence and the diagnosis of medical laboratory are combined to design a prototype of medical laboratory expert system.Adopting the present successful production rule to express the method as knowledge and using inaccurate inference engine,this prototype designs and realizes six major function module,such as "laboratory project meaning analysis",etc.It can be used as a clinical tool.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682407

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the result of biventricular repair for double outlet right ventricle without pulmonary stenosis. Methods: From January 1975 to June 2003, 38 consecutive patients underwent biventricular repair for double outlet right ventricle without pulmonary stenosis. At surgery, the median age of this group was 5.8 years. Two types of repair techniques were applied: intraventricular baffle repair (n=36) and arterial switch operation with VSD to pulmonary artery baffle (n=2). Results: There were 5 hospital deaths, with mortality rate of 13 2%. Two of these patients died of pulmonary hypertension crisis and the other 3 died of low cardiac output syndrome. One case (2 6%) died of right heart failure on 95th day postoperatively. The follow up periods in 29 patients (76%) ranged from 1 month to 23 years. 19 cases (65.5%) of these patients were in NYHA class I, 9 (31.0%) in NYHA class II, and the 1 (3.5%) in NYHA class III. Conclusion: The biventricular repair might be an effective treatment for double outlet right ventricle without pulmonary stenosis is good. Operation should be performed as early as possible before the development of progressive pulmonary vascular disease.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573928

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the surgical technique in correction of tetralogy of Fallot with complete atrioventricular septal defect (TOF-AVSD). Methods 16 patients aged 2-16 years underwent correction of TOF-AVSD. The atrioventricular septal defect was closed through a right atriotomy and longitudinal right ventriculotomy in each case. The three-patch technique was used for the first 7 cases and two-patch technique for the later 9 cases. The commissure between the superior and inferior bridging leaflets of the left portion of the common atrioventricular valve was closed in each patient. RVOT obstruction was relieved by a transannular patch. Results Results There were 4 deaths in the early postoperative period, 3 deaths in the first 7 cases compared to 1 death in the later 9 cases (P

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573145

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the experiences of complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia (TOF-PA). Methods From June1984 to December 2003, 24 patients with TOF-PA underwent complete surgical repair. There were ten males and fourteen females. The age ranged from 6 months to 9 years. 14 patients were in type I TOF-PA, type II 8, type III and type IV 1 each. Through a standard median sternotomy incision, all patients were operated on under moderate hypothermia and cardiopulmonary bypass. An artificial vessel patch with a monocuspid valve was applied to enlarged the outlet of right ventricle in typeIpatients and a conduit with valves from right ventricle to pulmonary artery was applied in typeII patients. Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals were used in patients with type III and IV. Results Early mortality was 13.3% (4 patients). The causes of death were severe low cardiac output (2 patients), respiratory function failure (1 patient) and multiorgan function failure (1 patient). There was no late death. 18 patients were followed up from one month to 15.5 years. Postoperative heart function (NYHA) was class I or II in 16 patients and class III or IV in 2. Conclusion Surgical repair of patients with TOF-PA can be achieved with acceptable mortality and good results. In selected patients one stage surgical correction can be done through a midline sternotomy approach.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573139

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of inhaled nitric oxide in the early period after extracardiac total cavopulmonary connection (ETCPC). Methods 32 patients after ETCPC were evaluated,of them 16 patients (experimental group) were administered with inhaled nitric oxide in the early postoperative period. Another 16 patients were as control. The cardiac index (CI), pulmonary vascular resistance(PVR), respiratory index(RI), pulmonary-left atrium pressure gradient(PLG), duration of ventilation, intensive care time, hydrothorax drainage and hospital stay were recorded. Results In experimental group, after inhaled NO, RI decreased from 2.61?0.32 to 1.41?0.21 (t=2.35,P

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-571139

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the experience of clinical application of extracardiac valved tubes in complex congenital heart disease. Methods: From September 1979 to December 2001, 131 patients with complex congenital heart disease underwent surgical treatment by using extracardiac valved tubes, including 22 cases of aortic valved homografts, 73 cases of swine pulmonary valved tubes and 36 cases of extracardiac tubes with anti-calcified swine pericardium valve. Results: The overall mortality rate was 17.5%. The mortality rate has decreased to 10.7% in the late 10 years, and 4.5% in recent 5 years, respectively. Conclusion: It was suggested that aortic and pulmonary valved homograft preserved by liquid nitrogen is the first choice for extracardiac valved tubes. Extracardiac tubes with anti-calcified swine pericardium valve can also be used and they easily available. A better postoperative haemodynamic effect can be achieved by proper placement of the tubes, choice of suitable size and positioning in good geometrical figure.

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