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1.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E084-E089, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987918

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence from material and size of the filling block on stress distributions of the tibial osteotomy model. Methods The filling blocks with three different materials (iliac bone, cancellous bone and polyetheretherketone (PEEK)) and five different sizes were established and implanted to the tibial osteotomy models, respectively. The mechanical loads were applied on the model, the stress distribution and edge displacement of the model were analyzed. Results For three kinds of materials, the stress at proximal end of the tibia and the plate, as well as edge displacement in the model implanted with filling block by iliac bone material were lower than those of the cancellous bone and PEEK, but the filling block by iliac bone material had the highest stress. When the filling blocks with different sizes were implanted in osteotomy space, the stress distribution on each part of the tibial osteotomy and edge displacement were different. Especially when the width of the filling block was reduced from 30 mm to 10 mm, the peak stress of the proximal tibia, steel plate and filling block was increased by 49. 3% , 92. 7% and 54. 4% on average. Conclusions Different filling block parameters will affect the stress distribution in different parts of the tibial osteotomy. The research results provide the theoretical basis for parameter selection of the tibial osteotomy filling block in clinic.

2.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E284-E289, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904399

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate biomechanical characteristics of femoral neck fracture with different reduction qualities. Methods Three cases of Sawbones artificial femoral models were selected, and two cases of Pauwel III femoral neck fracture were modeled. Three cannulated screws were inserted into the models in the form of inverted triangle to fix the fracture. Two cases maintained different reduction qualities (defined as Model 1 and Model 2). In the 3 third case, no modeling operation was performed (defined as intact model). Then the strain gauges were respectively pasted on regions of interest of the 3 femoral models. Finally, the femur model was applied with the vertical load on mechanical testing machine. Results When the displacement of femoral head reached 4 mm, the average load of intact model, Model 1 and Model 2 was (236.30±5.35), (196.57±3.56), (69.50±2.95) N, showing significant differences. When the displacement of femoral head reached 5 mm, the average load of intact model, Model 1 and Model 2 was (276.7±3.40),(232.93±2.64),(80.83±4.54) N, showing significant differences. Conclusions The lower the reduction quality of the femoral neck fracture, the weaker the ability of the femur to bear stress, the higher the probability of nonunion, re-fracture and femoral head necrosis in the process of postoperative rehabilitation.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 962-966, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910948

ABSTRACT

Sarcopenia, referred to as myopenia, is a systemic syndrome characterized by decreased muscle mass and muscle strength, and decline of motor function.The elderly are a high incidence group of myopenia.With the aging of the world's population becoming increasingly severe, the incidence rate of sarcopenia has also increased, which has brought a heavy burden to the elderly family and society, and has become an important social health problem for the elderly.At present, there are more and more researches on sarcopenia, but the pathogenic factors of sarcopenia are complex and diverse.The prevention and treatment of sarcopenia still need to be further explored and studied.The establishment of an ideal animal model is the key premise and basis for the related research of sarcopenia.In this paper, the different modeling methods, advantages and disadvantages as well as the scope of application of sarcopenia animal models are described, which can provide reference and help for the subsequent animal experimental research of sarcopenia.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 382-384, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511732

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of tirofiban,aspirin and Clopidogrel Hydrogen triple antiplatelet in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention and the effect on the incidence of major adverse cardiac events.Methods a total of 60 patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI)in our hospital from January 2015 to-2016 in December were enrolled in this study.All patients were treated with percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI).The patients were randomly divided into control group(n=30)and observation group(n=30).The control group using clopidogrel hydrogen treatment,observation group were treated with tirofiban,aspirin and Clopidogrel Hydrogen triple antiplatelet therapy,the incidence and clinical effects of the two groups of major adverse cardiac events.Results the two groups before treatment,the platelet aggregation rate and platelet count had no statistically significant difference; no significant observation group after treatment compared 30d platelet count difference; observation group 30d after treatment,the platelet aggregation rate was lower than the control group(P<0.05); the observation group after the treatment of 30d MA-ADP on platelet drug reaction the inhibition rate is lower than the control group(P<0.05); the observation group after treatment of AA drugs 30d platelet inhibition rate,the inhibition rate of ADP,higher than that of the control group(P<0.05); the observation group after treatment,the incidence of major adverse cardiac events was 13.33%,33.33%in the control group,two groups of major adverse cardiac events was statistically significant the difference(P<0.05).Conclusion The patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention after treatment with tirofiban,aspirin and chlorine Pigre triple antiplatelet ideal treatment effect,can reduce the incidence of major adverse cardiac events,it is worthy of popularization and application.

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