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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e126-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976941

ABSTRACT

Background@#The quality-of-life of patients with irritable bowel syndrome is low; incorrect diagnosis/treatment causes economic burden and inappropriate consumption of medical resources. This survey-based study aimed to analyze the current status of irritable bowel syndrome treatment to examine differences in doctors’ perceptions of the disease, and treatment patterns. @*Methods@#From October 2019 to February 2020, the irritable bowel syndrome and Intestinal Function Research Study Group of the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility conducted a survey on doctors working in primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare institutions. The questionnaire included 37 items and was completed anonymously using the NAVER platform (a web-based platform), e-mails, and written forms. @*Results@#A total of 272 doctors responded; respondents reported using the Rome IV diagnostic criteria (amended in 2016) for diagnosing and treating irritable bowel syndrome.Several differences were noted between the primary, secondary, and tertiary physicians’ groups. The rate of colonoscopy was high in tertiary healthcare institutions. During a colonoscopy, the necessity of random biopsy was higher among physicians who worked at tertiary institutions. ‘The patient did not adhere to the diet’ as a reason for ineffectiveness using low-fermentable oligo-, di-, and mono-saccharides, and polyols diet treatment was higher among physicians in primary/secondary institutions, and ‘There are individual differences in terms of effectiveness’ was higher among physicians in tertiary institutions. In irritable bowel syndrome constipation predominant subtype, the use of serotonin type 3 receptor antagonist (ramosetron) and probiotics was higher in primary/secondary institutions, while serotonin type 4 receptor agonist was used more in tertiary institutions. In irritable bowel syndrome diarrhea predominant subtype, the use of antispasmodics was higher in primary/secondary institutions, while the use of serotonin type 3 receptor antagonist (ramosetron) was higher in tertiary institutions. @*Conclusion@#Notable differences were observed between physicians in primary/secondary and tertiary institiutions regarding the rate of colonoscopy, necessity of random biopsy, the reason for the ineffectiveness of low-fermentable oligo-, di-, and mono-saccharides, and polyols diet, and use of drug therapy in irritable bowel syndrome. In South Korea, irritable bowel syndrome is diagnosed and treated according to the Rome IV diagnostic criteria, revised in 2016.

2.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 283-290, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926108

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Non-celiac gluten sensitivity is characterized by intestinal and extra intestinal symptoms associated with the consumption of gluten-containing food. Since biomarkers for non-celiac gluten sensitivity are lacking, its prevalence is estimated based on self-reported symptoms. However, no data exist on self-reported non-celiac gluten sensitivity in the Korean population. Thus, we aim to investigate the prevalence of self-reported non-celiac gluten sensitivity in the Korean population and to determine its demographic and clinical characteristics. @*Methods@#This study surveyed Korean participants aged 18-80 years who visited gastroenterology outpatient clinics at 9 tertiary hospitals in South Korea from January 2016 to February 2017. They were questioned regarding symptoms related to gluten ingestion: degree of discomfort (visual analog scale score), frequency, time of symptom onset, and duration. Abdominal discomfort caused by 11 differentkinds of gluten-containing Korean food items was investigated. @*Results@#More non-celiac gluten sensitivity self-reporters were identified among those with irritable bowel syndrome (33.6%) than among controls (5.8%). Major gastrointestinal symptoms included bloating (75.0%), abdominal discomfort (71.3%), and belching (45.0%).Common extra-intestinal symptoms included fatigue (20.0%) and headache (13.7%). More than half of those who self-reported nonceliac gluten sensitivity (66.3%) developed symptoms within 1 hour of food ingestion, and symptoms were localized in the upper abdomen (37.5%) and entire abdomen (30.0%). @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that if there are gluten-related symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome, the possibility of accompanying non-celiacgluten sensitivity should be considered.

3.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 6-16, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939067

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Dietary factors can aggravate the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Many IBS patients try restrictive diets to relieve their symptoms, but the types of diets with an exacerbating factor are unknown. Therefore, this paper reports the results of a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) reviewing the efficacy of food restriction diets in IBS. @*Methods@#The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Clinicaltrials.gov databases were searched until July 21, 2021, to retrieve RCTs assessing the efficacy of restriction diets in adults with IBS. Two independent reviewers performed the eligibility assessment and data abstraction. RCTs that evaluated a restriction diet versus a control diet and assessed the improvement in global IBS symptoms were included. These trials reported a dichotomous assessment of the overall response to therapy. @*Results@#A total of 1,949 citations were identified. After full-text screening, 14 RCTs were considered eligible for the systematic review and network meta-analysis. A starch- and sucrose-reduced diet and a diet with low-fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) showed significantly better results than a usual diet. Symptom flare-ups in patients on a gluten-free diet were also significantly lower than in those on high-gluten diets. @*Conclusions@#These findings showed that the starch- and sucrose-reduced, low FODMAP, and gluten-free diets had superior effects in reducing IBS symptoms. Further studies, including head-to-head trials will be needed to establish the effectiveness of dietary restrictions on IBS symptoms.

4.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 404-406, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717087

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Adenomatous Polyps
5.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 59-63, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49964

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Conscious Sedation , Endoscopy
6.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 162-170, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193487

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: An incomplete virological response has been observed to tenofovir dipivoxil fumarate (TDF) in nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA)-experienced chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. This study investigated the efficacy of TDF in NA-naïve CHB patients 96 weeks after treatment. METHODS: CHB patients treated with TDF were enrolled retrospectively between November 2012 and January 2016. We assessed virological and biochemical parameters. RESULTS: The study enrolled 179 NA-naïve patients with a median follow-up duration of 59.6 weeks. The serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level decreased significantly during treatment. The complete virological response (CVR) rate was 83.21% at week 96. In univariate analyses, the predictors of a CVR at 96 weeks were the baseline HBV DNA level (CVR vs. no-CVR, HBV DNA log10 mean value 7.34 vs. 7.86, 95% confidential interval [CI]: -7.89 to -7.37; p < 0.001) and male sex (CVR vs. no-CVR, 49.1% vs. 81.3%, odds ratio [OR] 0.22, 95% CI: 0.06 to 0.87; p = 0.025). In the multivariate analysis, male sex predicted a CVR at week 96. The CVR was significantly lower in males than in females (OR 0.12, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.96; p = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: TDF was effective for treating CHB for more than 2 years in NA-naïve patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , DNA , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Retrospective Studies , Tenofovir
7.
Intestinal Research ; : 231-239, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184597

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management guidelines have been released from Western countries, but no adequate data on the application of these guidelines in Asian countries and no surveys on the treatment of IBD in real practice exist. Since there is a growing need for a customized consensus for IBD treatment in Asian countries, Asian Organization of Crohn's and Colitis performed a multinational survey of medical doctors who treat IBD patients in Asian countries. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed between August 2013 and November 2013. It was composed of 4 domains: personal information, IBD diagnosis, IBD treatment, and quality of IBD care. Upon completion of the questionnaire, a web-based survey was conducted between 17 March 2014 and 12 May 2014. RESULTS: In total, 353 medical doctors treating IBD from ten Asian countries responded to the survey. This survey data suggested a difference in available medical treatments (budesonide, tacrolimus) among Asian countries. Therapeutic strategies regarding refractory IBD (acute severe ulcerative colitis [UC] refractory to intravenous steroids and refractory Crohn's disease [CD]) and active UC were coincident, however, induction therapies for mild to moderate inflammatory small bowel CD are different among Asian countries. CONCLUSIONS: This survey demonstrated that current therapeutic approaches and clinical management of IBD vary among Asian countries. Based on these results and discussions, we hope that optimal management guidelines for Asian IBD patients will be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asia , Asian People , Colitis , Colitis, Ulcerative , Consensus , Crohn Disease , Diagnosis , Hope , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Seoul , Steroids
8.
Gut and Liver ; : 250-254, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193421

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) medication-associated Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS: This multicenter study included patients from eight tertiary hospitals enrolled from 2008 to 2013. A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify the clinical features of C. difficile infection in patients who received TB medication. RESULTS: C. difficile infection developed in 54 of the 19,080 patients prescribed TB medication, representing a total incidence of infection of 2.83 cases per 1,000 adults. Fifty-one of the 54 patients (94.4%) were treated with rifampin. The patients were usually treated with oral metronidazole, which produced improvement in 47 of the 54 patients (87%). Twenty-three patients clinically improved with continuous rifampin therapy for C. difficile infection. There were no significant differences in improvement between patients treated continuously (n=21) and patients in whom treatment was discontinued (n=26). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of C. difficile infection after TB medication was not low considering the relatively low TB medication dosage compared to other antibiotics. It may not be always necessary to discontinue TB medication. Instead, decisions concerning discontinuation of TB medication should be based on TB status.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Antibiotics, Antitubercular/adverse effects , Clostridioides difficile , Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous/chemically induced , Incidence , Metronidazole/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rifampin/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis/drug therapy
9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 166-168, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108387

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Diverticulitis
10.
11.
12.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 245-252, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81478

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a life-threatening condition, despite advances in diagnostic technology and strategies for treatment. A strong predictor of mortality in this condition is septic shock. This study describes clinical, biochemical, and radiologic features in patients with PLA with or without septic shock, with the intent of describing risk factors for septic shock. METHODS: Of 358 patients with PLA enrolled, 30 suffered septic shock and the remaining 328 did not. We reviewed the medical records including etiologies, underlying diseases, laboratory, radiologic and microbiologic findings, methods of treatment and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: The case fatality rate was 6.1%. In univariate analysis, the presence of general weakness, mental change, low platelet level, prolonged PT, high BUN level, high creatinine level, low albumin level, high AST level, high CRP level, abscess size >6 cm, the presence of gas-forming abscess, APACHE II score ≥20, and the presence of Klebsiella pneumoniae infection were significantly associated with septic shock. Multivariate analysis showed the presence of mental change (p=0.004), gas-forming abscess (p=0.012), and K. pneumoniae infection (p=0.027) were independent predictors for septic shock. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of mental change, gas-forming abscess, and K. pneumoniae infection were independent predictors for septic shock in patients with PLA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , APACHE , Blood Platelets , Creatinine , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Liver Abscess, Pyogenic , Medical Records , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Pneumonia , Risk Factors , Shock, Septic
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 494-501, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149100

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We investigated whether sodium picosulfate with magnesium citrate (SPMC) plus bisacodyl compares favorably with conventional polyethylene glycol (PEG) with respect to bowel cleansing adequacy, compliance, and safety. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, prospective, single-blinded study in outpatients undergoing daytime colonoscopies. Patients were randomized into a split preparation SPMC/bisacodyl group and a conventional split PEG group. We compared preparation adequacy using the Boston bowel preparation scale (BBPS), ease of use using a modified Likert scale (LS), compliance/satisfaction level using a visual analogue scale (VAS), and safety by monitoring adverse events during the colonoscopy between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 365 patients were evaluated by intention to treat (ITT) analysis, and 319 were evaluated by per protocol (PP) population analysis (153 for SPMC/bisacodyl, 166 for PEG). The mean total BBPS score was not different between the two groups in both the ITT and PP analyses (p>0.05). The mean VAS score for satisfaction and LS score for the ease of use were higher in the SPMC/bisacodyl group (p<0.001). The adverse event rate was lower in the SPMC/bisacodyl group than in the PEG group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The SPMC/bisacodyl treatment was comparable to conventional PEG with respect to bowel preparation adequacy and superior with respect to compliance, satisfaction, and safety.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Citrates/administration & dosage , Citric Acid/administration & dosage , Colon/drug effects , Colonoscopy , Drug Combinations , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Intention to Treat Analysis , Laxatives/administration & dosage , Organometallic Compounds/administration & dosage , Patient Compliance , Patient Satisfaction , Picolines/administration & dosage , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Preoperative Care/methods , Single-Blind Method
14.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 111-120, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14529

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We investigated gut flora characteristics in patients with functional constipation (FC) and influences of short-term treatment with VSL#3 probiotic on flora and symptom improvement. METHODS: Thirty patients fulfilling Rome III criteria for FC and 30 controls were enrolled. Fecal samples were obtained before and after VSL#3 intake (one sachet twice daily for 2 weeks) and flora were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Symptom changes were also investigated. RESULTS: The fold differences in Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides species were significantly lower in feces from FC, compared to in controls (P = 0.030 and P = 0.021). After taking VSL#3, the fold differences in Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides species increased in controls (P = 0.022, P = 0.018, and P = 0.076), but not in FC. Mean Bristol scores and complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs)/week increased significantly in FC after ingesting VSL#3 (both P < 0.001). Relief of subjective CSBM frequency, stool consistency and abdominal bloating were reported in 70%, 60%, and 47% of patients. After VSL#3 cessation, 44.4% of patients with symptom improvement experienced constipation recurrence mostly within one month. CONCLUSIONS: Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides species might be quantitatively altered in FC. A short-term VSL#3 treatment can improve clinical symptoms of FC. Further studies are needed to investigate VSL#3's additional effects beyond altering gut flora to allevate constipation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteroides , Bifidobacterium , Constipation , Feces , Lactobacillus , Microbiota , Probiotics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence
15.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 663-671, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155273

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A pyogenic liver abscess is an acute bacterial infection that can potentially lead to life-threatening sepsis. This study examined the clinical features and changing trends of pyogenic liver abscess over the last 10 years. METHODS: We investigated patient characteristics, laboratory findings, blood and abscess culture results, location and characteristics of the abscess, and treatment modality in the medical records of 146 patients. We divided them into three groups by period: period 1, 23 patients in 2002-2003; period 2, 46 patients in 2007-2008; and period 3, 77 patients in 2012-2013. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 64.3 +/- 15.1 years and 87 of the 146 patients were male (59.6%). Period 2 had a higher prevalence of chronic alcoholics (30.4% vs. 10.4%) and lower prevalence of fever and chills (73.9% vs. 92.2%) compared with period 3. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most commonly cultured bacteria and the microbiological findings did not differ among the three periods. Pyogenic liver abscesses were more common in the right liver. The lengths of hospital stay and treatment modalities were similar in all three periods. CONCLUSIONS: Although there were slight differences in symptoms among the periods, there were no changes in the liver abscess characteristics, i.e., location, size, and culture results. As there were no changes, the treatment strategy also did not change. We should continue to investigate the clinical features of liver abscess.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Abscess , Alcoholics , Bacteria , Bacterial Infections , Chills , Drainage , Fever , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Length of Stay , Liver , Liver Abscess , Liver Abscess, Pyogenic , Medical Records , Prevalence , Sepsis
16.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 379-387, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101961

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is essential that clinicians have an understanding of patients' perceptions of constipation as well as constipation misperception (CM), which can be defined as failure to recognize the six constipation symptoms (infrequency, straining, hard stool, incomplete evacuation, anorectal obstruction or manual maneuver). The aims of our study were to identify the prevalence of CM and its association with demographics and clinical features. METHODS: This nationwide survey included 625 self-reported constipated subjects (431 females; mean age, 41.2 years) among random participants in the National Health Screening Program. The prevalence of CM for each constipation symptom was estimated, and the participants were classified into nil (0), low (1-2), mid (3-4) and high (5-6) level CM subgroups according to the number of misperceived symptoms. RESULTS: The highest rate of CM was observed for manual maneuver (48.3%), followed by anorectal obstruction (38.4%), stool infrequency (34.6%), incomplete evacuation (32.2%), hard stool (27.2%) and straining (25.4%). Among the nil (n = 153), low (n = 242), mid (n = 144) and high level (n = 86) subgroups, there were significant differences in the proportions of males (18.3%, 34.3%, 39.6% and 30.2%; P = 0.001, respectively), never-married status (25.7%, 38.2%, 36.8% and 45.9%; P = 0.030, respectively) and those who did not receive treatment for constipation (41.8%, 47.5%, 58.3% and 66.3%; P < 0.001, respectively). There was a significant linear trend of increasing degree of CM with decreasing symptoms experienced (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CM is significantly associated with gender, marital status, treatment utilization and the range of constipation symptoms experienced.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Constipation , Demography , Health Surveys , Marital Status , Mass Screening , Prevalence
17.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 447-451, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81985

ABSTRACT

Esophageal thermal injury caused by food has been reported to occur mostly after drinking hot liquid food, and is known to produce alternating white and red linear mucosal bands. In addition, thermal injury caused by ingestion of hot solid foods is documented to be a cause of esophageal ulcers or pseudomembranes. From January 2006 to August 2012, five patients with suspected esophageal thermal injury underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy. A "candy-cane" appearance was observed in one case, pseudomembrane was observed in two cases, an esophageal ulcer was observed in one case, and a friable and edematous mucosa was noted in one case. We believe that the endoscopic findings of esophageal thermal injury depend on the following factors: causative materials, amount of food consumed, exposure period, and time to endoscopy after the incident. Therefore, physicians who encounter patients with suspected esophageal thermal injury should carefully take the patient's history considering these factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Drinking , Eating , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Mucous Membrane , Ulcer
18.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 284-289, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190507

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is well-known that patients with chronic liver disease commonly have nutritional deficiency. In the present study, we investigated the differences in malnutrition risk between patients with liver cirrhosis and viral hepatitis carrier. METHODS: Patients with chronic liver disease who have been hospitalized at Konyang University Hospital from May 2012 to April 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. The malnutrition risk was divided into three categories (low, intermediate, and high) according to Konyang University Hospital Malnutrition Screening, which include BMI, serum albumin, total lymphocyte count (TLC), hemoglobin, weight change, appetite, and dysphagia, within 24 hours of hospitalization. RESULTS: Among a total of 460 patients, 313 had liver cirrhosis (LC), and 147 were viral hepatitis carriers. Age (p<0.001), serum albumin level (p<0.001), TLC (p=0.011), hemoglobin (p<0.001) and serum cholesterol level (p=0.005) were significant different between the two groups. However, there were no difference in height, weight, and BMI. The malnutrition risk of the patients with viral hepatitis carrier was significantly lower than that of the patients with LC (p<0.001). In addition, among 313 patients with LC, malnutrition risk of the patients with Child-Pugh class A (n=150) was significantly lower than that of the patients with class B (n=90) or C (n=73) (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Viral hepatitis carrier group had significantly lower malnutrition risk than LC group. The risk of malnutrition in Child-Pugh class A group was significantly lower than that in class B or C group.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Hepatitis, Viral, Human/pathology , Hospitals, University , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Lymphocyte Count , Malnutrition , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Serum Albumin/analysis , Severity of Illness Index
19.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 515-521, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193315

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most frequent cause of noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) in Western countries. Gastroduodenal disease has a high prevalence in Korea; thus, it is important to evaluate the stomach/duodenum. We retrospectively reviewed the findings in patients with chest pain who were diagnosed by coronary angiography (CAG) to be normal or who had minimal coronary lesions to evaluate the necessity of performing esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in patients with NCCP. METHODS: A total of 565 patients with chest pain underwent CAG followed by EGD from February 2000 to March 2011 at Konyang University Hospital. We excluded patients who underwent EGD more than 3 days after CAG or had significant coronary lesions. We retrospectively reviewed the EGD findings of the remaining 349 patients. RESULTS: Of the 349 patients, 151 were male, and the average age of the patients was 57.7+/-11.44 years. After performing EGD, GERD was diagnosed in 35 patients (10.0%; LA [Los Angeles classification]-A, 30; LA-B, three; LA-C, two) and peptic ulcer was diagnosed in 48 patients (13.8%; gastric ulcer, 34; duodenal ulcer, 10; gastric and duodenal ulcer, four). Gastritis was diagnosed in 253 patients (72.5%; erosive, 89; erythematous, 90; hemorrhagic, 10; mixed, 64). Duodenitis, esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, hiatus hernia, and gastric cancer was diagnosed in 36 (10.3%), three (0.9%), two (0.6%), three (0.9%), and one patient, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Unlike the situation in the west, stomach/duodenal lesions other than GERD are common causes of NCCP in Korea, Therefore, prior to proton pump inhibitor testing or empirical therapy, EGD is necessary to evaluate NCCP and to rule out gastroduodenal lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Barrett Esophagus , Chest Pain , Coronary Angiography , Duodenal Ulcer , Duodenitis , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Esophagitis , Gastritis , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Hernia, Hiatal , Korea , Peptic Ulcer , Prevalence , Proton Pumps , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Stomach Ulcer , Thorax
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 206-212, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169736

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common upper gastrointestinal disorder in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, little is known about the prevalence of GERD in dialysis patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the difference in the prevalence of GERD in peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients. METHODS: From July 2010 to August 2011, peritoneal dialysis patients (n=30) and hemodialysis patients (n=38) were enrolled. The prevalences of GERD were assessed at a single center with endoscopic findings and interviews using a questionnaire. Also, risk factors of GERD were evaluated. RESULTS: The prevalences of GERD in peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients were 33.3% and 39.5% (p=0.748), respectively. The prevalences of erosive reflux esophagitis (ERD) in peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients were 16.7% and 23.7% (p=0.477), respectively. The prevalences of nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) in peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients were 16.7% and 13.2% (p=0.685), respectively. The prevalences of GERD, ERD and NERD were higher than those of the general population. The risk factor for GERD was age in hemodialysis patients. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of GERD in dialysis patients was higher than that in the general population. However, there was no significant difference between peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Esophagitis, Peptic/complications , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications , Gastroscopy , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Peritoneal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Risk Factors , Smoking
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