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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 161-170, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992695

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the antibacterial copper sulfide (CuS)/graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets composite film can promote angiogenesis and osteogenesis in vitro. Methods:GO and CuS/GO nanosheets were synthesized and mixed into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrogel films. The study was conducted in 4 groups: PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC/CuS/GO, PVA/CMC (only PVA/CMC-based film) and blank control (no material). The PVA/CMC, PVA/CMC/GO and PVA/CMC/CuS/GO films were characterized by electron scanning microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometer. The biocompatibility of different films (PVA/CMC/CuS/GO films with concentrations of CuS/GO nanotablets of 0, 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 μ g/mL) was evaluated by CCK-8, live/dead cell staining, and hemolysis test. The angiogenesis was evaluated by cell migration and tube forming test in vitro. Alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining were used to evaluate osteogenesis in vitro, and the expression of osteogenic genes was measured by immunofluorescence staining and RT-qPCR. In addition, the bacterial plate counting method and bacteriostatic circle method were used to evaluate the antibacterial activity of films. Results:In the PVA/CMC/GO and PVA/CMC/CuS/GO groups, the surface of the PVA/CMC-based film was smooth and flat whereas the nanosheets composite films were irregularly flaky and convex. The biosafety experiments showed that the PVA/CMC-based film composited with GO or CuS/GO nanosheets at the concentration of 100 μg/mL had good biocompatibility. The results of angiogenesis in vitro showed that the migration ratio of HUVEC cells in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group was significantly better than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). In the experiment of tube forming area and length, the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group was significantly better than the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). The osteogenic differentiation in vitro displayed that the alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red staining of MC3T3-E1 cells in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group were significantly better than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). In addition, the fluorescence intensity of immunofluorescence staining in alkaline phosphatase and type Ⅰcollagen on MC3T3-E1 cells, and the mRNA expression levels of osteogenic related genes including alkaline phosphatase, bone morphogenetic protein 2, osteocalcin and osteopontin in the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group were significantly higher than those in the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P<0.001). The antibacterial assay showed that the PVA/CMC/CuS/GO group had a significantly greater antibacterial activity and a significantly larger inhibition zone against Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria than the PVA/CMC/GO, PVA/CMC and control groups ( P< 0.001). Conclusions:PVA/CMC films composited with GO or CuS/GO nanosheets demonstrate ideal biocompatibility and antibacterial properties which promote angiogenesis and osteogenic differentiation in vitro. In particular, antibacterial PVA/CMC/CuS/GO composite films with the coupling function of angiogenesis and osteogenesis are expected to provide a new strategy for infectious bone defects.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 425-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013933

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has been prevalent for three years. The virulence of SARS-CoV-2 is weaken as it mutates continuously. However, elderly patients, especially those with underlying diseases, are still at high risk of developing severe infections. With the continuous study of the molecular structure and pathogenic mechanism of SARS-CoV-2, antiviral drugs for COVID-19 have been successively marketed, and these anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs can effectively reduce the severe rate and mortality of elderly patients. This article reviews the mechanism, clinical medication regimens, drug interactions and adverse reactions of five small molecule antiviral drugs currently approved for marketing in China, so as to provide advice for the clinical rational use of anti-SARS-CoV-2 in the elderly.

3.
Intestinal Research ; : 363-374, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000586

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Long-term immunosuppressive therapies used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are associated with an increased risk of infections, many of which can be prevented by vaccination. We assessed physicians’ current approaches and clinical practices regarding vaccinations for IBD patients in different Asian countries/regions. @*Methods@#An internet-based survey was conducted among members of the Asian Organization for Crohn’s and Colitis from September 2020 to November 2020. The questionnaire consisted of 2 parts covering general opinion on the relevance of vaccinations and clinical practice of vaccination. @*Results@#Overall, 384 Asian medical doctors responded to the survey. The majority of respondents considered it very (57.6%) or sufficiently (39.6%) important to perform vaccinations as recommended by the guidelines. About half of the Asian physicians (52.6%) were usually or always performing vaccinations. The influenza vaccine was the most frequently recommended vaccine for IBD patients. Half of the respondents (51.3%) did not recommend hepatitis A vaccine, especially in China (61.6%) and Japan (93.6%). The diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine were never (35.2%) or rarely (29.4%) recommended. @*Conclusions@#The findings of this survey indicated similarities among countries/regions in terms of the current approaches and practices regarding vaccination of IBD patients; however, there are some differences that might reflect each country’s domestic vaccination guidelines and health insurance particularly with certain vaccines in some countries/regions. Although Asian physicians largely recommend vaccination, more awareness among doctors and Asian consensus regarding differences in IBD vaccination among countries/regions may be required.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 823-826, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972410

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of orbital decompression on the central macular choroidal thickness(CMCT)in patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy(TAO).METHOD: Prospective clinical studies. A total of 29 TAO patients(42 eyes)treated in our department from January 2021 to January 2022 were analyzed, and they were divided into 20 cases(30 eyes)in the moderate and severe group and 9 cases(12 eyes)in the extremely severe group. Both groups of patients received orbital decompression, and the changes of CMCT, visual acuity, intraocular pressure, exophthalmos, and clinical activity score(CAS)at 3 and 6mo before and after surgery were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: All patients completed follow-up. The CMCT, exophthalmos, intraocular pressure, and CAS of the extremely severe group at 3 and 6mo were 355.13±15.59 and 339.61±13.17μm, 19.33±2.23 and 17.83±1.70mm, 18.86±3.05 and 18.09±1.37mmHg, 3.75±0.87 and 2.42±1.00 points, respectively. The moderate and severe group was 325.00±10.48 and 321.04±11.34μm, 16.07±1.74 and 15.6±1.98mm, 16.65±2.04 and 16.03±2.3mmHg, 1.50±0.51 and 1.43±0.50 points, and there was differences with those before operation(extremely severe group: 396.46±17.61μm, 22.00±2.3mm, 21.85±2.82mmHg, 5.33±1.44 points; moderate and severe group: 335.77±11.60μm, 19.07±1.84mm, 18.89±3.06mmHg, 1.63±0.49 points; all P&#x003C;0.001). The best corrected visual acuity(LogMAR)before surgery was 0.64±0.22 in the extremely severe group, and 0.43±0.20 and 0.34±0.15 at 3 and 6mo after operation, respectively, which were different from those before surgery(all P&#x003C;0.001)CONCLUSION: Orbital decompression can effectively reduce CMCT, intraocular pressure and exophthalmos in TAO patients, relieve orbital vein stasis, and effectively improve vision and reduce mobility in patients with extremely severe disease.

5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 94-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study microstructure, friction and wear behaviors of silicon-lithium spray coating on the surface of zirconia ceramics and to preliminarily evaluate its esthetic so as to provide support and guidance for the clinical application.@*METHODS@#Zirconia ceramic specimens were randomly divided into three groups: coating group (two subgroups), polishing group (two subgroups), and glazing group (four subgroups), with 10 samples in each subgroup. The two subgroups of coating group were the zirconia ceramics with the untreated and preliminary polishing surfaces sprayed with silicon-lithium coating, respectively. The two subgroups of polishing group were preliminary polishing and fine polishing of zirconia ceramics, respectively. The four subgroups of glazing group were preliminarily polished zirconia ceramics glazed with Biomic and Stain/Glaze products, respectively; and untreated zirconia ceramics glazed with Biomic and Stain/Glaze products, respectively. The above 8 subgroups of zirconia ceramic specimens were used as friction pairs with 80 steatite ceramics for 50 000 chewing cycles under 50 N vertical load and artificial saliva lubrication using chewing simulation. Scanning electron microscope was used to observe the microstructure of the surface and section of the coating group, and the thickness of the coating and glazing were measured. The linear roughness of the coating and polishing groups was mea-sured using a laser confocal scanning microscope. Vickers hardness was measured using a microhardness tester and the esthetic of zirconia ceramic full crown sprayed with silicon-lithium coating was preliminarily evaluated. White light interferometer was used to measure the width, the maximum depth and the volume of the wear scars of each group, and the wear depth of steatite ceramics and wear rate of zirconia ceramic specimens were calculated. Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test and Dunn's multiple comparisons test were used to analyze the wear depth of each group (α=0.05).@*RESULTS@#The microstructures of the silica-lithium spray coatings on the untreated and preliminarily polished zirconia ceramic surfaces showed the protruding defects, and the line roughness of coating group was larger than that of the polishing group. The median thickness of the silica-lithium spray coating on the preliminarily polished zirconia ceramic was 13.0 μm (interquartile range, IQR: 11.6, 17.9), while that of the silica-lithium spray coating on the untreated zirconia ceramic was 4.4 μm (IQR: 4.1, 4.7). The Vickers hardness and wear rate of the coating group were between the polishing group and the glazing group. The wear depths of the wear scars of steatite ceramics were the glazing group, coating group, and polishing group in descending order, and there was statistically significant difference between glazing and polishing groups (P < 0.05). With the increase of polishing procedure, the wear depth of steatite ceramics decreased in each subgroups. The orders of maximum depth and volume of wear scars of zirconia ceramic were the glazing group, coating group, and polishing group in descending order, and there was statistically significant difference in the maximum depth of wear scars between glazing and polishing groups (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The silica-lithium spray coating on the zirconia ceramic, can be used as a new method for zirconia ceramic surface treatment, because it can increase the esthetic of zirconia ceramics compared with polishing and reduce the wear of steatite ceramics compared with glazing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Silicon , Materials Testing , Friction , Lithium , Cicatrix , Surface Properties , Silicon Dioxide , Zirconium/chemistry , Ceramics , Dental Porcelain
6.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 31-31, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010685

ABSTRACT

Bone substitute material implantation has become an important treatment strategy for the repair of oral and maxillofacial bone defects. Recent studies have shown that appropriate inflammatory and immune cells are essential factors in the process of osteoinduction of bone substitute materials. Previous studies have mainly focused on innate immune cells such as macrophages. In our previous work, we found that T lymphocytes, as adaptive immune cells, are also essential in the osteoinduction procedure. As the most important antigen-presenting cell, whether dendritic cells (DCs) can recognize non-antigen biomaterials and participate in osteoinduction was still unclear. In this study, we found that surgical trauma associated with materials implantation induces necrocytosis, and this causes the release of high mobility group protein-1 (HMGB1), which is adsorbed on the surface of bone substitute materials. Subsequently, HMGB1-adsorbed materials were recognized by the TLR4-MYD88-NFκB signal axis of dendritic cells, and the inflammatory response was activated. Finally, activated DCs release regeneration-related chemokines, recruit mesenchymal stem cells, and initiate the osteoinduction process. This study sheds light on the immune-regeneration process after bone substitute materials implantation, points out a potential direction for the development of bone substitute materials, and provides guidance for the development of clinical surgical methods.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials/metabolism , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , Bone Substitutes/metabolism , Dendritic Cells/metabolism
7.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 492-498, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005697

ABSTRACT

The passing of ethical review is a necessary conditions and prerequisite for the development of life science and medical research involving humans. At present, some medical and health institutions have no or insufficient ethical review capabilities. The lack of ethical review ability has become a bottleneck restricting the development of life science and medical research involving humans. According to documents such as Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Review and Approval System and Encouraging the Innovation of Pharmaceutical and Medical Devices, Opinions on Strengthening the Ethical Governance of Science and Technology, institutions can entrust competent institutional ethics review committees or regional ethics review committees in writing to conduct ethical review. Entrustment ethical review provides a viable solution for institutions that need to carry out life science and medical research involving humans but do not have an ethics (review) committee or the ethics (review) committee is not competent to review. To conduct the entrustment ethical review, the entrustment between the principal and the trustee is required. According to The Measures for Ethical Review of Life Sciences and Medical Research Involving Humans, if medical and health institutions and their ethical review committees do not accept the formal entrustment to provide the ethical review opinions for other institutions, the local health authorities at or above the county level will impose administrative penalties and sanctions on the relevant institutions and personnel in accordance with the law. Signing the entrustment ethical review contract, implementing legal compliance entrusted ethical review to protect the rights and interests of the trustee and the principal, and protect the research participants.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1202-1216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970433

ABSTRACT

Biodegradation of pyridine pollutant by microorganisms is one of the economical and effective methods to solve the environmental pollution of pyridine under high salinity conditions. To this end, screening of microorganisms with pyridine degradation capability and high salinity tolerance is an important prerequisite. In this paper, a salt-resistant pyridine degradation bacterium was isolated from the activated sludge of Shanxi coking wastewater treatment plant, and identified as a bacterium belonging to Rhodococcus on the basis of colony morphology and 16S rDNA gene phylogenetic analysis. Salt tolerance experiment showed that strain LV4 could grow and degrade pyridine with the initial concentration of 500 mg/L completely in 0%-6% saline environment. However, when the salinity was higher than 4%, strain LV4 grew slowly and the degradation time of pyridine by strain LV4 was significantly prolonged. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the cell division of strain LV4 became slower, and more granular extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) was induced to secrete in high salinity environment. When the salinity was not higher than 4%, strain LV4 responded to the high salinity environment mainly through increasing the protein content in EPS. The optimum conditions for pyridine degradation by strain LV4 at 4% salinity were 30 ℃, pH 7.0 and 120 r/min (DO 10.30 mg/L). Under these optimal conditions, strain LV4 could completely degrade pyridine with an initial concentration of 500 mg/L at a maximum rate of (29.10±0.18) mg/(L·h) after 12 h adaptation period, and the total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiency reached 88.36%, indicating that stain LV4 has a good mineralization effect on pyridine. By analyzing the intermediate products in pyridine degradation process, it was speculated that strain LV4 achieved pyridine ring opening and degradation mainly through two metabolic pathways: pyridine-ring hydroxylation and pyridine-ring hydrogenation. The rapid degradation of pyridine by strain LV4 in high salinity environment indicates its application potential in the pollution control of high salinity pyridine environment.


Subject(s)
Rhodococcus/genetics , Phylogeny , Extracellular Polymeric Substance Matrix/metabolism , Sewage , Biodegradation, Environmental , Pyridines/metabolism
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1103-1113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928030

ABSTRACT

At present, there have been many clinical trials and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis proving the good clinical efficacy of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules in the treatment of respiratory diseases, while comprehensive discussion is still required. This article overviews and analyzes the systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules to provide evidence support for clinical practice. The systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules were searched from CBM, Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library. The AMSTAR 2 scale and GRADE system were respectively employed for the evaluation of methodological quality and the grading of evidence quality. Finally, 8 systematic reviews/Meta-analysis published during 2018-2021 were included for analysis. The diseases involved include acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community-acquired pneumonia, acute tonsillitis, acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis and acute upper respiratory tract infection. The number of included RCTs studies ranged from 8 to 25. The results showed that Shufeng Jiedu Capsules combined with western medicine routine had better therapeutic effect than the latter alone in the treatment of the above five diseases. The reported adverse reactions caused by Shufeng Jiedu Capsules were mainly gastrointestinal discomforts such as mild nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting, with low incidence and mild symptoms, which can be relieved by drug withdrawal. The methodological quality of the included studies was extremely low, and the outcome indicators were mainly of low and very low grades. The efficacy and safety of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules in the clinical treatment of diseases still need to be verified based on more high-quality studies. The relevant clinical research and systematic review/Meta-analysis should pay more attention to methodological quality and reporting standards and strengthen the scientificity of research.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 301-305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927971

ABSTRACT

Ginkgo biloba Extract( GBE50) Dispersible Tablets is a new standardized prescription,which is widely used in the treatment of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However,there are still many problems in its clinical application.Rational and safe use of GBE50 Dispersible Tablets is pivotal to the medication safety and clinical prognosis of patients. This consensus has been jointly formulated by clinical experts of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and followed the Manual for the Clinical Experts Consensus of Chinese Patent Medicine published by the China Association of Chinese Medicine. The present study identified clinical problems based on clinical investigation,searched the research papers according to PICO clinical problems,carried out evidence evaluation,classification,and recommendation by GRADE system,and reached the expert consensus with nominal group technique. The consensus combines evidence with expert experience. Sufficient evidence of clinical problems corresponds to " recommendations",while insufficient evidence to " suggestions". Safety issues of GBE50 Dispersible Tablets,such as indications,usage and dosage,and medication for special populations,are defined to improve clinical efficacy,promote rational medication,and reduce drug risks. This consensus needs to be revised based on emerging clinical issues and evidencebased updates in practical applications in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebrovascular Disorders/drug therapy , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Tablets
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 105-112, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the retentions of different designs of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr), pure titanium (CP Ti), and titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) removable partial denture (RPD) circumferential clasps manufactured by selective laser melting (SLM) and to analyze the stress distribution of these clasps during the removal from abutment teeth.@*METHODS@#Clasps with clasp arm size A (1.9 mm width/1.1 mm thickness at the body and 0.8-taper) or B (1.2 times A) and 0.25 mm or 0.50 mm undercut engagement were modeled on a prepared first premolar die, named as designs A1, A2, A3, and A4, respectively. The density and elastic modulus of SLM-built Co-Cr, CP Ti, and Ti-6Al-4V were measured and given to different groups of clasps. The density, elastic modulus, and Poisson ' s ratio of enamel were given to the die. The control group was the cast Co-Cr clasp with design A1, to which the density and elastic modulus of cast Co-Cr alloy were given. The Poisson's ratio of all metals was 0.33. The initial 5 N dislodging force was applied, and the maximum displacement of the clasp along the insertion path was computed. The load was reapplied with an increment of 5 N than in the last simulation until the clasp was completely dislodged. The retentive force range of different groups of clasps was obtained. The retentive forces of the SLM-built Co-Cr, CP Ti, and Ti-6Al-4V clasps with equivalent computed retentive force range to the control group were validated through the insertion/removal experiment. The von Mises stress distributions of these three groups of SLM-built clasps under 15 N loads were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#SLM-built Co-Cr, CP Ti, and Ti-6Al-4V clasps with designs B1 or B2, and Co-Cr clasps with design A2 had higher retentive forces than those of the control group. SLM-built CP Ti and Ti-6Al-4V clasps with design A1 had lower retentive forces than those of the control group. SLM-built Co-Cr clasp with design A1 and SLM-built CP Ti and Ti-6Al-4V clasps with design A2 had equivalent retentive forces to those of the control group. The insertion/removal experiment showed that the measured retentive forces of these three groups of SLM-built clasps were (21.57±5.41) N, (19.75±4.47) N, and (19.32±2.04) N, respectively. No statistically significant measured retentive force difference was found among these three groups of SLM-built clasps (P>0.05). The maximum von Mises stress of these three groups of SLM-built clasps exceeded their responding yield strength except for the Ti-6Al-4V one.@*CONCLUSION@#SLM-built Co-Cr circumferential clasps had higher retention than CP Ti and Ti-6Al-4V ones with the same clasp arm size and undercut engagement. The retention of SLM-built circumferential clasps could be adjusted by changing the undercut engagement and clasp arm size. If SLM-built circumferential clasps are used in clinical practice, the Ti-6Al-4V clasp with clasp arm size A and 0.50 mm undercut engagement is recommended considering the long-term use of RPD in the patient's mouth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromium Alloys , Dental Clasps , Denture Retention , Denture, Partial, Removable , Finite Element Analysis , Lasers , Titanium
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 7-12, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936105

ABSTRACT

According to the fourth national oral health epidemiological survey report (2018), billions of teeth are lost or missing in China, inducing chewing dysfunction, which is necessary to build physiological function using restorations. Digital technology improves the efficiency and accuracy of oral restoration, with the application of three-dimensional scans, computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), bionic material design and so on. However, the basic research and product development of digital technology in China lack international competitiveness, with related products basically relying on imports, including denture 3D design software, 3D oral printers, and digitally processed materials. To overcome these difficulties, from 2001, Yuchun Sun's team, from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, developed a series of studies in artificial intelligence design and precision bionics manufacturing of complex oral prostheses. The research included artificial intelligence design technology for complex oral prostheses, 3D printing systems for oral medicine, biomimetic laminated zirconia materials and innovative application of digital prosthetics in clinical practice. The research from 2001 to 2007 was completed under the guidance of Prof. Peijun Lv and Prof. Yong Wang. Under the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Science and Technology Support Program, National High-Tech R & D Program (863 Program) and Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S & T, Yuchun Sun's team published over 200 papers in the relevant field, authorized 49 national invention patents and 1 U.S. invention patent and issued 2 national standards. It also developed 8 kinds of core technology products in digital oral prostheses and 3 kinds of clinical diagnosis and treatment programs, which significantly improved the design efficiency of complex oral prostheses, the fabrication accuracy of metal prostheses and the bionic performance of ceramic materials. Compared with similar international technologies, the program doubled the efficiency of bionic design and manufacturing accuracy and reduced the difficulty of diagnosis and cost of treatment and application by 50%, with the key indicators of those products reaching the international leading level. This program not only helped to realize precision, intelligence and efficiency during prostheses but also provided functional and aesthetic matches for patients after prostheses. The program was rewarded with the First Technical Innovation Prize of the Beijing Science and Technology Awards (2020), Gold Medal of Medical Research Group in the First Medical Science and Technology Innovation Competition of National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China (2020) and Best Creative Award in the First Translational Medical Innovation Competition of Capital (2017). This paper is a review of the current situation of artificial intelligence design and precision bionics manufacturing of complex oral prosthesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Bionics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Prosthesis Design , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants
13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 730-738, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate in-hospital mortality after knee replacement (KR) and to assess its trend and risk factors in China.Methods:We included patients undergoing KR in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China (2013-2019) to estimate in-hospital mortality after KR and assessed relation of patient's and hospital's characteristics (year of surgery, age, gender, marital status, primary indication, Charlson comorbidity index, geographic location, hospital type, hospital volume of KR, and surgery type) to in-hospital mortality using multivariable Poisson regression.Results:The annual amount of KR has increased from 20 307 in 2013 to 35 757 in 2019, and has maintained an upward trend for 7 years. The mean age of patients having KR increased from 64.9 years in 2013 to 66.6 years in 2019. Of the total 218 923 KRs, 63 deaths (0.29‰) occurred within 30 days before discharging. Older age was associated with higher in-hospital mortality ( P for trend <0.001). Male gender had higher incidence of in-hospital mortality compared with female [relative risk (RR), 2.5; 95% CI: 1.5, 4.1]. Single marital status was associated with higher, albeit non-statistically significant, in-hospital mortality than married patients (RR, 2.1; 95% CI: 0.9, 4.6). Higher Charlson comorbidity index was associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality ( P for trend <0.001). Risk of in-hospital mortality decreased with more hospital-year knee replacement surgeries ( P for trend <0.001). In-hospital mortality varied by geographic regions, with the lowest mortality in East region (0.16‰), followed by South-West (0.31‰), South-Central (0.31‰), North region (0.33‰), North-West (0.54‰) and North-East (0.59‰). Conclusion:In-hospital mortality after KR in China was relatively low. Older age, male gender, higher Charlson comorbidity index and lower hospital-year knee replacement surgeries were risk factors for in-hospital mortality. The mortality varied greatly according to the geographic location of hospital.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 957-964, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956613

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare Jefferson-fracture reduction plate (JeRP) and micro titanium plate in the transoral single-segment fixation of unstable atlas fractures.Methods:From January 2008 to December 2020, 45 patients with unstable atlas fracture were treated by single-segment fixation through an oral approach with a JeRP or a micro titanium plate at Department of Orthopedic Surgery, General Hospital of Southern Theatre Command. They were 24 males and 21 females, aged from 15 to 67 years. By the Gehweiler classification, 11 atlas fractures were type Ⅰ and 34 type Ⅲ; by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) classification, the spinal cord injury was grade D in 7 cases and grade E in 38 cases; by the Dickman classification, the atlas transverse ligament injury was type Ⅰ in 4 cases and type Ⅱ in 11 cases. Of the patients, 26 were treated by transoral single-segment fixation with a JeRP and 19 by transoral single-segment fixation with a micro titanium plate. The 2 groups were compared in terms of baseline data, operation time, blood loss, hospital stay, visual analog scale (VAS) for neck pain and atlas lateral mass displacement (LMD) before operation and at the last follow-up, and intraoperative and postoperative complications.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the preoperative general data ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up for 12 to 55 months (mean, 21.8 months). Wound dehiscence or infection was observed in none of the patients after operation. About 12 months after operation, all fractures achieved bony union, neck pain basically disappeared, and neck movement had no obvious limitation. The hospital stay was (13.9±2.2) d for the JeRP group and (14.2±2.9) d for the micro titanium plate group, showing no significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The operation time was (203.5±173.4) min and the blood loss (167.3±138.6) mL in the JeRP group, significantly more than those in the micro titanium plate group [(121.5±50.5) min and (98.4±57.2) mL] ( P<0.05). In the JeRP group, the preoperative LMD was (6.7±1.7) mm and the preoperative VAS score (6.8±1.0) points, significantly higher than the last follow-up values [(0.7±0.6) mm and (0.7±0.6) points] ( P<0.05). In the micro titanium plate group, the preoperative LMD was (6.6±1.5) mm and the preoperative VAS score (6.7±0.9) points, significantly higher than the last follow-up values [(0.9±0.6) mm and (0.8±0.7) points] ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the preoperative or the last follow-up comparison between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Implant loosening was observed in one patient in the JeRP group while foreign body sensation in the throat was reported in one patient after operation in the micro titanium plate group. Conclusions:Both JeRP and micro titanium plate in the transoral single-segment fixation can lead to effective treatment of unstable atlas fractures. Compared with JeRP, the micro titanium plate can effectively shorten operation time and reduce blood loss due to its smaller size and lower incision.

15.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 809-816, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of early bronchoalveolar lavage on patients with aspiration pneumonia.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 55 patients with aspiration pneumonia who met inclusion criteria but not exclusion criteria in the Intensive Care Department of our hospital from January 2020 to April 2021. The patients were divided into the control group (32 cases) and the bronchoscopic lavage group (23 cases) according to whether they received bronchoscopic lavage within 24 h after aspiration. Basic information (sex, age, body mass index, chest X-ray score, oxidation index, temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, white blood cells, PCT, IL-6, CPR and APACHE Ⅱ score), etiology changes at the early stage (≤ 3 d) and later stage (4-7 d after admission), and changes in prognostic indexes (mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay, length of stay and mortality) were compared between the two groups. The clinical efficacy of early endoscopy lavage for aspiration pneumonia was evaluated.Results:The positive rate of early etiological culture was 85.2%, the bacterial positive rate was 72.9% and the fungal positive rate was 14.6%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa accounted for 20.8%, Klebsiella pneumoniae accounted for 14.6%, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus accounted for 12.5%, and there was no significant difference in the distribution between the bronchoscopic lavage group and the control group (all P>0.05). The positive rate of late etiological culture was 88.6%, the bacterial positive rate was 85.7% and the fungal positive rate was 2.9%. The positive rate of late bacterial culture was significantly decreased in the bronchoscopic lavage group ( P < 0.05), and the other results were not significantly different from the control group (all P>0.05). After early bronchoscopic lavage, the duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay and length of stay were significantly shortened, and the fifth day CPIS score was significantly decreased (all P< 0.05). Conclusions:Early endotracheal lavage can reduce mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay and length of stay of aspiration pneumonia, and reduce the positive rate of bacterial culture in the lung at the later stage, which needs to be further verified by a large randomized controlled study.

16.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 370-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942361

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and identify the risk factors of Giardia lamblia infections among patients with colorectal cancer in Henan Province. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed for questionnaire surveys among colorectal cancer patients in Henan Cancer Hospital during the period from March to July, 2021. Patients’ stool samples were collected, and the triosephosphate isomerase (tpi) gene of G. lamblia was amplified in stool samples using nested PCR assay to characterize the parasite genotype. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed to identify the risk factors of G. lamblia infections among colorectal cancer patients. Results A total of 307 colorectal cancer patients were investigated, including 176 males (57.3%) and 131 females (42.7%). PCR assay detected 8.1% [95% confidential interval (CI): (0.056, 0.117)] prevalence of G. lamblia infections among the study subjects, and there was no significant difference in the prevalence between men [9.1%, 95% CI: (0.057, 0.143)] and women [6.9%, 95% CI: (0.037, 0.125)] (χ2 = 0.495, P = 0.482). In addition, there was no age-specific prevalence of G. lamblia infections among the participants (χ2 = 1.534, P = 0.675). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified use of septic tanks [odds ratio (OR) = 3.336, 95% CI: (1.201, 9.267)], daily use of well water [OR = 3.042, 95% CI: (1.093, 8.465)] and raising livestock [OR = 3.740, 95% CI: (1.154, 12.121)] as risk factors of G. lamblia infections among colorectal cancer patients, and the prevalence of abdominal pain was significantly greater in colorectal cancer patients with G. lamblia infections than in those without infections (P = 0.017). Among the 25 patients with G. lamblia infections, assemblage A was characterized in 24 (96.0%) cases and assemblage B in one case (4.0%). Conclusions The prevalence of G. lamblia is high among colorectal cancer patients in Henan Province, and assemblage A is the dominant genotype of G. lamblia. Use of septic tanks, daily use of well water and raising livestock are risk factors of G. lamblia infections among patients with colorectal cancer.

17.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 1-11, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926943

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The maximum width between the mesial and distal labial transitional line angles, described as “esthetic width” herein, could significantly influence the visual perception of the teeth and smile. This study aimed to conduct biometric research on esthetic width and to explore whether regular distribution exists in the esthetic width of human teeth. @*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#A total of 4,264 maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth were measured using the Geomagic studio software program. The proportions of maxillary to mandibular homonymous teeth and proportions between the adjacent teeth were calculated. Bilateral symmetry and the correlation between the esthetic and mesiodistal widths were both accounted for during the measurement procedures. @*RESULTS@#The mean esthetic widths were 6.773 ± 0.518 mm and 4.329 ± 0.331 mm for maxillary and mandibular central incisors, respectively, 5.451 ± 0.487 mm and 5.008 ± 0.351 mm for maxillary and mandibular lateral incisors, respectively, and 3.340 ± 0.353 mm and 5.958 ± 0.415 mm for maxillary and mandibular canines, respectively. Except for the mandibular canines, no significant difference in esthetic width was found among homonymous teeth from the same jaw. A high linear correlation was found between the esthetic and mesiodistal widths of the same tooth, except for the maxillary canines. Esthetic width proportions among different tooth categories showed some regular patterns, which were similar to those of the mesiodistal width. @*CONCLUSION@#Esthetic width is regularly distributed among the teeth in the Chinese population. This could provide an important reference for anterior dental restorations and dimension recovery in esthetic reconstruction of anterior teeth.

18.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 540-546, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935899

ABSTRACT

With the advent of the era of big data, artificial intelligence based on machine learning, especially artificial neural network has rapidly developed and applicated in the field of stomatology, owning huge potential in segmentation and labelling of three-dimensional intraoral anatomical features. Automatic segmentation, labelling and diagnosis can assist dentists and technicians to complete heavy and repeat work, change stomatology from subjective perception to objective science, and help to make diagnosis and treatment plan efficiently and accurately. This review briefly summarized related knowledge and development of machine learning and artificial neural network, its application status and existing problems in the field of segmentation and labelling of three-dimensional intraoral anatomical features, and provided an outlook of its future development.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Machine Learning , Neural Networks, Computer
19.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 162-167, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935843

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of adding a geometric feature on the accuracy of digital impressions obtained by intraoral scanners for implant restoration of edentulous jaw quantitatively. Methods: A dentiform model of the maxilla of completely edentulous arch with 6 implant analogs+scan bodies (No. 1-6) was selected as the reference model. Without geometric feature, the dentiform model was scanned by dental model scanner and repeated for 5 times as true value group. Before and after adding the geometric feature, the same operator used intraoral scanner A (Trios 3) and B (Aoralscan 2) to scan the dentiform model with the same scanning path. Each type of intraoral scanner scanned 10 times and ".stl " datas were obtained. The results were imported into reverse engineering software (Geomagic Studio 2015). The linear distances of center point of upper plane between sacn body 1 to 6 was calculated, denoted as D12, D13, D14, D15 and D16. Trueness was the absolute value subtracted from the measured value of the intraoral scanner groups and true value; precision was the absolute value of pairwise subtraction of the measured values in the intraoral scanner groups.The smaller the value, the better the accuracy or precision.With or without the feature, all scan data were statistically analyzed, and the effect of adding geometric feature on the trueness and precision of the two intraoral scanners were evaluated. Results: As for intraoral scanner A, with the feature in place, significant differences were found in D14, D15, D16 for tureness(t=2.66, 2.75, 2.95, P<0.05); the trueness for D16 decreased from (101.9±47.1) μm to (49.6±30.3) μm. On the other hand, with features on the edentulous area, the precision was significantly increased in D15 and D16 (U=378.00, 672.00, P<0.05); the precision for D15 decreased from 40.8 (45.1) μm to 13.1 (17.0) μm. As for intraoral scanner B, the trueness of D12, D13 and D14 after adding geometric features was significantly better than before (t=3.02, 2.66, U=22.00, P<0.05). With feature on the edentulous area, the trueness for D13 decreased from (116.6±41.2) μm to (70.8±35.5) μm. There was no statistical significance in the trueness of D15 and D16 with or without geometric feature (P>0.05), however, the precision of D15 and D16 after adding geometric feature was significantly better than before (U=702.00, 489.00,P<0.05). The precision of D16 decreased from 112.5 (124.7) μm to 35.9 (85.8) μm. Conclusions: The use of geometric feature in edentulous space improves the trueness and precision of the different principle intraoral scanners tested.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Dental Implants , Dental Impression Technique , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Models, Dental
20.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 836-840, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of ultrasonic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in predicting the risk of death in patients with severe brain injury.Methods:This was a prospective observational study based on 84 postoperative patients with severe brain injury from January 2020 to September 2020 in our department. The patients were divided into two groups: the survival group and the deceased group. The clinical features between the two groups were compared. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of ONSD, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and the combination of the two in predicting death in patients with severe brain injury. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for death. A prediction model for the risk of death was constructed.Results:There were 61 cases (72.6%) in the survival group and 23 cases (27.4%) in the deceased group. There were significant differences in age, Glasgow coma score (GCS), ONSD and NSE at 12 h after surgery between the two groups. According to the ROC curve, the optimal cutoff levels of ONSD and NSE for predicting death were 5.5 mm and 21.75 ng/mL, respectively. When the two indicators were combined, the area under the curve was 0.897 ( P<0.01). At this threshold, the sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 70.5%, respectively. ONSD ( OR=9.713; 95% CI: 1.192-79.147) and GCS scores ( OR=0.492; 95% CI: 0.318-0.763) at 12 h after surgery were independent risk factors for death in patients with severe brain injury (both P<0.05). Conclusions:Early postoperative ONSD is an independent risk factor for death in patients with severe brain injury. The combination of ONSD and NSE has the best predictive effect.

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