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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of peroxisome D-bifunctional protein deficiency (PDBPD) associated with HSD17B4 mutation. Methods:The clinical and genetic characteristics of 2 cases of PDBPD in August 2020, at Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University caused by HSD17B4 gene mutation were retrospectively analyzed. Results:Male proband and his sister suffered from neonatal epilepsy, psychomotor development disorders, ataxia, myasthenia, hearing impairment, and foot deformity.The very long chain fatty acids in serum were normal, and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed bilateral cerebellar hemisphere atrophy.Electromyography suggested changes in the myoelectricity of multiple peripheral neurogenic lesions.Auditory evoked potential displayed severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss.Exome sequencing identified compound heterozygous mutations (c.1171G > C, c.686-2A>T) in HSD17B4.The clinical diagnosis was PDBPD, aged 8 and 14 years, respectively. Conclusions:Two cases of HSD17B4 mutation-induced PDBPD were first reported in Chinese mainland, which was in line with its typical clinical manifestations.The newly discovered c. 1171G> C and c. 686-2A>T mutations enriched the HSD17B4 mutation spectrum.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876233

ABSTRACT

Objective Serum total prostatic specific antigen (tPSA), free prostatic specific antigen (fPSA), fPSA/tPSA ratio, and prostate cancer-specific antigen density (PSAD) were determined to explore the best identification point, thus improving the specificity of early screening of prostate cancer. Methods The tPSA, fPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia group (n=250) and prostate cancer group (n=92) were tested, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to determine the best cutoff value for the evaluation. Results When the cutoff values of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD were at 11.3 mg/L, 0.16, and 0.18 mg/(L·cm3), respectively, the specificity and sensitivity were the best:82.4% and 84.2% for tPSA, 76.9% and 81.7% for fPSA/tPSA, and 83.1% and 80.4% for PSAD.When the best cutoff values of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD were combined in analysis, the specificity and sensitivity of fPSA/tPSA and PSAD combination showed the best result (92.4% and 81.4%, respectively).When the tPSA value was in the range of 4-10 mg/L, the optimal cutoff values of PSAD and fPSA/tPSA were 0.21 mg/(L·cm3) and 0.15, and the specificity and sensitivity reach the best, which were 84.1% and 80.1%, 81.0 % and 80.3%, respectively. Conclusion Combination of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA and PSAD analysis is better than any single of them in early screening of prostate cancer.The specificity and sensitivity of combined use of fPSA/tPSA and PSAD could serve as an optimal screening reference value.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827722

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of a child with congenital Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease.@*METHODS@#Clinical, imaging and genetic characteristics of the child were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient manifested significantly reduced muscle tension, apparent tremor of eyeballs, and retardation of motor development after birth. Cranial MRI at 6-month-old showed no myelinization of brain white matter, though no pathogenic variant was detected by clinical exome sequencing. A copy number variation was found at chrX: 102 192 246-103 045 526. The duplication has spanned approximately 853 kb and was recorded in the Decipher database to be associated with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease. Quantitative PCR confirmed that the duplication has derived from his mother.@*CONCLUSION@#Reduced muscle tension, nystagmus, poor motor development, and absence of myelinization of white matter should alert the diagnosis of congenital type Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease. Both sequence variant and copy number variation should be searched upon genetic testing. A clear diagnosis is required for genetic counseling.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827462

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of disability among the older adults. Few treatments are safe and effective. Moxibustion is commonly used in treating knee OA in Chinese medicine (CM). CO Laser moxibustion device is a substitute for traditional moxibustion, which mimics the effects of traditional moxibustion. More data are needed to support its application in knee OA.@*OBJECTIVE@#ObjectiveThe trial aims to assess the effect and safety of CO laser moxibustion in patients with knee osteoarthritis compared with a sham control.@*METHODS@#This is a protocol for a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 392 participants were recruited and assigned to the CO laser moxibustion group and sham laser moxibustion group with a 1:1 ratio at 6 outpatient clinics in Shanghai, China. Participants in both groups received treatment at the affected knee(s) at the acupuncture point Dubi (ST 35) and an Ashi point. There were 3 sessions per week for 4 weeks, and an additional 20-week follow-up. Primary outcomes were changes in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain scores at week 4. Secondary outcomes were WOMAC function score, stiffness score and overall score, VAS pain, Short-Form heath survey (SF-36), and patients' global assessment. The serum levels of cytokines involved in progress of knee OA were explored. Safety was assessed during the whole trial. Masking effectiveness was assessed by both participants and treatment providers.This is a protocol for a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 392 participants were recruited and assigned to the CO laser moxibustion group and sham laser moxibustion group with a 1:1 ratio at 6 outpatient clinics in Shanghai, China. Participants in both groups received treatment at the affected knee(s) at the acupuncture point Dubi (ST 35) and an Ashi point. There were 3 sessions per week for 4 weeks, and an additional 20-week follow-up. Primary outcomes were changes in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain scores at week 4. Secondary outcomes were WOMAC function score, stiffness score and overall score, VAS pain, Short-Form heath survey (SF-36), and patients' global assessment. The serum levels of cytokines involved in progress of knee OA were explored. Safety was assessed during the whole trial. Masking effectiveness was assessed by both participants and treatment providers.@*DISCUSSION@#CO laser moxibustion device, designed as a substitute for CM moxibustion, is easy to use and control with no choking smoke and smell, and is a plausible method for double-blind research. This study would provide rigorous evidence for the effect and safety of CO laser moxibustion in treating knee OA (Trial registration No.: ISRCTN15030019).

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826537

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical features and genetic variant in a child featuring megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cyst (MLC) type 2B.@*METHODS@#Clinical and imaging data of the child was collected. Potential variant of hepatocyte adhesion molecule (HEPACAM) gene was detected by Sanger sequencing. The growth and development of her mother and uncle was also reviewed.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 1-year-and-7-month female, presented with convulsion, mental retardation and abnormally increased head circumference. Cranial MRI revealed extensive long T1 long T2 signals in the white matter of bilateral cerebral hemisphere, right anterior sac cyst, cerebral gyrus widening, and shallow sulcus. Sanger sequencing identified a c.437C>T missense variant in exon 3 of the HEPACAM gene. The same variant was detected in her mother but not father. Her mother and maternal uncle both had a history of increased head circumference when they were young. In their adulthood, the head circumference was in the normal range but still greater than the average.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous variant of the HEPACAM gene probably underlies the MLC2B in this child. The variant has derived from her asymptomatic mother, which suggested incomplete penetrance of the MLC2B.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cell Cycle Proteins , Genetics , Cerebrum , Diagnostic Imaging , Cysts , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Female , Genetic Variation , Hereditary Central Nervous System Demyelinating Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Humans , Infant
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802567

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical and imaging features of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody(MOG) encephalomyelitis in children.@*Methods@#The clinical, laboratory finding, imaging and follow-up data of 13 children with MOG encephalomyelitis (MOG-EM) diagnosed by Children′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from December 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#Among the 13 children, 4 cases were male and 9 cases were female, the median age was 8 years old and 1 month.Symptoms of the first episode included fever, drowsiness in 2 cases, visual acuity in 5 cases, convulsions in 3 cases, urinary retention in 2 cases, and ataxia in 2 cases.Abnormalities were found in 12 cases by the head magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), most of which showed extensive or isolated subcortical white matter lesions, and a few deep gray matter nuclei and brainstem were involved; 3 cases of spinal MRI abnormalities, mainly characterized by long segmental transverse myelitis; 6 cases optic nerve MRI abnormalities were found in 6 cases, manifested as disease side optic nerve or optic chiasm abnormal signals; the titer of serum MOG antibody was 110-1320 in 13 cases.All children responded well to glucocorticoids and gamma globulin, and all symptoms were alleviated after treatment.Two patients had recurrence during the follow-up period, which was characterized by optic neuritis.After azathioprine addition, there was no recurrence after 1 to 2 years of follow-up.@*Conclusions@#Children with MOG antibody encephalomyelitis present a decline in visual acuity commonly.The images are mainly acute disseminated encephalomyelitis-like changes, immunosuppressive therapy is effective, generally with a better prognosis.

7.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1317-1322, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Sodium fluoride is a radioactive diagnostic agent for positron emission tomography (PET) indicated for imaging of bone to define areas of altered osteogenic activity. To investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of sodium fluoride, and to study its diagnostic effects by PET imaging. METHODS: This study was focused on the preparation and the quality control of sodium fluoride injection, the blood clearance and plasma protein binding rate of sodium fluoride in New Zealand rabbits, the randomized controlled trial of sodium fluoride PET and 99Tcm-MDP SPECT imaging, and comparing of the imaging results. RESULTS: Sodium fluoride was prepared, the test results conformed to the requirements of the quality control. The half-life of blood clearance phase was 37 min, the clearance rate in the body was 56 mL·min-1·kg-1, and the plasma protein binding rate was 0.57%. From both sodium fluoride PET and 99Tcm-MDP SPECT imaging, the whole body skeleton were visible. However, it only took 30 min for sodium fluoride to present excellent imaging with clearer bone after administration. The radioactive uptake ratio (T/NT) of sodium fluoride between the bone and the muscle was significantly higher than the T/NT of 99Tcm-MDP.CONCLUSION: Sodium fluoride PET is superior to 99Tcm-MDP SPECT for bone imaging. This study provides an experimental basis for the clinical application of sodium fluoride PET in the bone imaging.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and imaging features of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody(MOG)encephalomyelitis in children. Methods The clinical,laboratory finding,imaging and follow-up data of 13 children with MOG encephalomyelitis(MOG-EM)diagnosed by Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical Univer-sity from December 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Among the 13 children,4 cases were male and 9 cases were female,the median age was 8 years old and 1 month. Symptoms of the first episode included fever,drowsiness in 2 cases,visual acuity in 5 cases,convulsions in 3 cases,urinary retention in 2 cases,and ataxia in 2 cases. Abnormalities were found in 12 cases by the head magnetic resonance imaging(MRI),most of which showed ex-tensive or isolated subcortical white matter lesions,and a few deep gray matter nuclei and brainstem were involved;3 ca-ses of spinal MRI abnormalities,mainly characterized by long segmental transverse myelitis;6 cases optic nerve MRI ab-normalities were found in 6 cases,manifested as disease side optic nerve or optic chiasm abnormal signals;the titer of serum MOG antibody was 1: 10-1: 320 in 13 cases. All children responded well to glucocorticoids and gamma globu-lin,and all symptoms were alleviated after treatment. Two patients had recurrence during the follow-up period,which was characterized by optic neuritis. After azathioprine addition,there was no recurrence after 1 to 2 years of follow-up. Conclusions Children with MOG antibody encephalomyelitis present a decline in visual acuity commonly. The images are mainly acute disseminated encephalomyelitis-like changes,immunosuppressive therapy is effective,generally with a better prognosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of lower-reinforcing and upper-reducing acupuncture method for hyperplasia of mammary gland (HMG) and its influence on estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P).Methods:A randomized,single-blinded and controlled trial was conducted.A total of 124 cases conforming to the inclusion criteria were randomized by random number table into a treatment group and a control group,with 62 cases in each group.Patients in both groups received acupuncture therapy at the same acupoints,while patients in the treatment group received lower-reinforcing and upper-reducing method,and patients in the control group received even reinforcing-reducing manipulation.The treatment started around 10 d before menstruation and was conducted every other day.Patients received 5 treatments in each menstruation cycle for consecutive 3 cycles.The levels of E2,P and E2/P and clinical efficacy were measured before and after treatment.Results:After treatment,the breast lump size,pain intensity and concomitant symptoms score in both groups were substantially lower than those before treatment,showing statistical significances (all P<0.01),and the improvement in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group,and the between-group comparisons showed statistical significances (all P<0.01).After treatment,the overall effective rate was 91.9% in the treatment group,higher than 72.6% in the control group,and the between-group comparison showed a statistical significance (P<0.01).After treatment,levels of E2,P and E2/P value showed no statistical significance when compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all P>0.05).Conclusion:Lower-reinforcing and upper-reducing acupuncture method can effectively alleviate clinical symptoms and signs in HMG patients,and produce a better effect than even reinforcing-reducing manipulation.The majority of HMG patients' E2,P level and E2/P value were not beyond the normal ranges;therefore,acupuncture showed no substantial influence on E2 and P levels and E2/P value.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689942

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To explore the possible biological mechanism of skeletal muscle contusion repair through researching the changes in expression of autophagy-related genes and proteins in SD rats with acute skeletal muscle contusion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Six rats were randomly selected as the control group from 30 male SD rats, acute skeletal muscle contusion model were established in the remaining 24 rats with self-made hitter, then the model rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (3 d, 5 d, 7 d, 14 d groups, =6). On the 3, 5, 7 and 14 day after injury, injured gastrocnemius of each group was harvested. The morphological and the ultra-microstructure changes of gastrocnemius after injury were observed by HE staining and transmission electron microscope (TEM) respectively. The relative protein levels of (LC3-Ⅱ) and P62 of each group were observed by Western blot. The relative mRNA levels of atg7, atg10, atg12, atg16L1 of each group were observed by RTPCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of HE staining showed that compared with the control group, the inflammation reached its peak on the 5 day after injury, new muscle fibers were clearly observed in 7 d group. The results of TEM showed that, compared with the control group, oncotic mitochondria could be clearly seen in the 3 d, 5 d, 7 d groups. Also, the Z line changed from disappearing to drift thickening, sarcoplasmic reticulum dilatation gradually improved, there was no evident difference between the 14 d group and the control group, suggesting that the damage has preliminarily healed. The results of Western blot showed that the expressions of LC3-Ⅱand P62 were increased at first and then decreased. The expression of LC3-Ⅱwas markedly up-regulated in the 3 d, 5 d, 7 d groups compared with the control group and the 14 d group (<0.01). Similarly, compared with the control group, the expression of P62 reached its peak on the 3 day after injury (<0. 01), and returned to normal level on the 14 day. The results of RT-PCR showed that the expression of atg10 mRNA in the natural recovery group of 3 d, 5 d, 7 d, 14 d was firstly decreased and then increased, the atg10 mRNA was markedly down-regulated in the 3 d, 5 d, 7 d groups compared with the control group and the 14 d group (<0. 01). The expression of atg7, atg12, atg16L1 mRNA was generally increased at first and then decreased, it was markedly up-regulated in the 3 d, 5 d, 7 d groups compared with the control group and the 14 d group (<0.01, <0.05, <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The above results indicate that the autophagy is involved in repair of skeletal muscle injury by its autophagyrelated factors,regularly changes after contusion, and the rate of damage repair may be related to the level of autophagy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Contusions , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Wounds and Injuries , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; (6): 469-471, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732911

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of PRRT2-related paroxysmal disorders. Methods Retrospected clinical data of one cases of benign infantile epilepsy diagnosed by gene diagnosis. Results The clinical manifestations of this Children were recurrent convulsions,cluster seizures,and no obvious abnormalities in physical examination. Genetic examination showed mutation of PRRT2 frameshift. Her mother had a history of paroxysmal motor-induced dyskinesia,and her uncle and cousin had a history of convulsions when they were young. The patient did not convulse after oral oxcarbazepine. Conclusions PRRT2 gene-related paroxysmal diseases are characterized by self-limited infantile epilepsy and paroxysmal motor-induced dyskinesia. Genetic diagnosis is needed for definitive diagnosis.The main treatment of this disease is to control epilepsy,and the prognosis is good.

12.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; (6): 377-379, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662367

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and molecular diagnosis of 4H syndrome.Methods The clinical data of 1 patient with 4H syndrome diagnosed by gene was retrospectively analyzed , and the clinical characteristics were analyzed combined with the literature .Results This child patient was male , 6 years and 8 months old, with hands shake for 1 years, mental and movement development backwardness , walking instability, teething delay .Ophthalmic examination showed myopia and optic atrophy .Brain MRI suggested a wide range of cerebral white matter lesions on both sides of the cerebral hemisphere .Gene examination showed POLR3A compound heterozygous mutation (c.1781T>G,c.2693delT).He was diagnosed as 4H syndrome.Conclusions The early manifestations of 4H syndrome are mental and movement development backwardness and teething delay .The main clinical features of 4H syndrome are leukodystrophy, myopia and ataxia.The genetic characteristics are POLR3A or POLR3B mutation.

13.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; (6): 377-379, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659886

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and molecular diagnosis of 4H syndrome.Methods The clinical data of 1 patient with 4H syndrome diagnosed by gene was retrospectively analyzed , and the clinical characteristics were analyzed combined with the literature .Results This child patient was male , 6 years and 8 months old, with hands shake for 1 years, mental and movement development backwardness , walking instability, teething delay .Ophthalmic examination showed myopia and optic atrophy .Brain MRI suggested a wide range of cerebral white matter lesions on both sides of the cerebral hemisphere .Gene examination showed POLR3A compound heterozygous mutation (c.1781T>G,c.2693delT).He was diagnosed as 4H syndrome.Conclusions The early manifestations of 4H syndrome are mental and movement development backwardness and teething delay .The main clinical features of 4H syndrome are leukodystrophy, myopia and ataxia.The genetic characteristics are POLR3A or POLR3B mutation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514802

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the initial therapy outcomes of Valproic acid for childhood absence epilepsy (CAE),and to assess its therapeutic reaction and short-term prognosis,and to investigate the risk factors for initial therapy failure.Methods From January 2010 to December 2015,absence seizures as key words were used to search CAE in the video-electroencephalogram(VEEG) database of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University.Sixty-seven children fulfilled the CAE diagnosis criteria of International League Against Epilepsy in 1989.These patients were separated into 2 groups based on the therapy outcome after 6 months,including seizure control failure group and seizure control group.The patients' clinical characteristics and VEEG characteristics were reviewed.The gender,age of seizure onset,a family history of epilepsy or febrile seizures (FS),consistent with 2005 Panayiotopoulos diagnostic criteria,and VEEG findings were analyzed to evaluate the predictive ability of independent variables and the relationship between these features and treatment outcomes by using a stepwise multivariate Logistic regression model.Results The age at seizure onset was (5.89 ± 2.91) years old,and follow up duration was 6 months.Approximately 23 cases (34.3%) of CAE patients had poor response.No statistical correlation was made for gender,age at onset,the occurrence of generalized tonic clonic seizures,and family history of FS or epilepsy between 2 groups (all P >0.05).Compared with seizure control group,patients of the seizure control failure group had significantly higher rates of focal epileptic discharge (87.0% vs.6.8%),higher rates of intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) induced seizures (52.2% vs.6.8 %),fewer rates of occipital intermittent delta activity (8.7 % vs.77.3 %),and fewer rates of patients met the new diagnostic criteria proposed by Panayiotopoulos in 2005 (8.7% vs.88.6%) (all P < 0.001).The presence of occipital intermittent rhythmic delta activity during wake stage and the interictal focal epileptiform discharges on VEEG during sleep stage were significantly associated with the therapy outcomes in a multivariable Logistic regression analysis (OR =133.714,P < 0.05;OR =0.068,P < 0.05).Conclusions The presence of focal epileptiform discharges,and a typical absence induced by IPS are important factors for first-drug treatment failures with CAE,and conversely the occipital intermittent rhythmic delta activities have a good efficacy.There is no statistical correlation between clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes.

15.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; (6): 463-465, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506658

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical , EMG and genetic characteristics of children with hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies phenotype (HNPP).Methods One case of HNPP diagnosed by gene were reported, and combined with the literature , the clinical, electromyography and genetic characteristics were summarized.Results Female patient, 11 years and 8 months, left foot could not be dorsal flexion and numbness appeared after the movement in 10 d before admission ,EMG showed multiple peripheral nerve injury .Patient's father and uncle were very similar to the history .Genetic examination showed 1363.2 kb heterozygous deletion on the chr17:14095421 -15458636, and the diagnosis was HNPP .Conclusions When limb weakness happened in children after slight stretch or compression , perform EMG examination as early as possible .Children with extensive peripheral nerve damage , limited limb paralysis , and a similar family history , should pay attention to HNPP , and gene examination should be given .

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489723

ABSTRACT

Viral encephalitis is a common pediatric infectious disease of the nervous system,the correct diagnosis, treatment and quality control has always been a challenge;America, British, European, Australia had issued guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of encephalitis in 2008-2015 ,which had important reference value for guiding clinicians dealing with viral encephalitis, this article integrated above guides and introduced the definition, classification, etiology, accessory examination, handling procedures and treatment of viral encephalitis in children, and the quality control program in the diagnosis and treatment of viral encephalitis in children was preliminarily discussed.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287520

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the preventive effects of jinghua weikang capsule (JWC) on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) induced injury to the mucosa of the small intestine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups, i.e., the blank control group, the model group, the JWC group, and the esomeprazole group. Diclofenac was administered to rats in the model group, the JWC group, and the esomeprazole group at the daily dose of 15 mg/kg. JWC and esomeprazole was respectively given to those in the JWC group, and the esomeprazole group one day ahead. Normal saline was given to rats in the blank control group. Rats were killed 3 days later. The pathological changes of the small intestine were observed by hematoxylin and eosin stain.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank control group, the general score for the small intestine (4.63 +/-0.52 vs 0.00 +/-0. 00) and the pathological score (4.00 +/-0.90 vs 0.00 +/-0. 00) obviously increased in the model group, showing statistical difference (P <0.05). Compared with the model group, the general score for the small intestine (1.88 +/-0.99) and the pathological score (2.11 +/-1.11) obviously decreased in the JWG group, showing statistical difference (P <0.05). Compared with the model group, the general score for the small intestine (2.75 +/-1.28) and the pathological score (2. 30 +/-0.94) obviously decreased in the esomeprazole group, showing statistical difference (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>JWC could prevent NSAIDs induced injury to the mucosa of the small intestine.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Diclofenac , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Esomeprazole , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Intestinal Mucosa , Pathology , Intestine, Small , Pathology , Male , Phytotherapy , Rats , Rats, Wistar
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732992

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the neuronal apoptosis,endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS)-related factors glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP) expressions in hippocampus and possible mechanism of brain protection by 2-deoxy-D-glucose(2-DG) on their expressions in epileptic brain damage rats induced by pentetrazole.Methods Rats aged 21 d (n =120) were randomly divided into 3 groups:control group,status epilepticus (SE) group and SE + DG group,with 40 rats in each group.On a SE rat model,the neuronal apoptosis in the hippocampus was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick end-labeling method.And the expression of GRP78 and CHOP were detected by Western blot and Real-time PCR.Results Apoptotic cells in the hippocampus were increased remarkably at 12 h,24 h,and 48 h after the seizures,as compared with those of control rats.In SE group,chromatin condensation and breakdown of the nucleus in neurons in hippocampus were also easily observed by Hoechst staining.Meanwhile,the ERS was induced by SE,as witness by up-regulating GRP78 expression at both protein and mRNA level.The expression of GRP78 protein in the hippocampus was elevated at 3 h,6 h and 12 h,with the maximum elevation noted at 6 h after SE.The GRP78 transcript expression was increased at 3 h,6 h,and 12 h after SE.DG treatment enhanced the changes of GRP78 protein and transcript at 3 h,and abrogated the increase of GRP78 at 6 h and 12 h,as compared with those in SE group.CHOP activation occurred at 12 h,24 h and 48 h in SE group.And the CHOP-mRNA expression was the same as the CHOP protein expression.The expression of CHOP protein and mRNA was decreased at 12 h,24 h,and 48 h after using DG.Conclusion The endoplasmic reticulum stress response mediated by CHOP seems to be involved in the neuronal apoptosis caused by status epilepticus.

19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-199666

ABSTRACT

In medicolegal investigations, correct identification of the necrophagous fly species collected around and on the corpse is an essential step for estimating the postmortem interval (PMI). Therefore, forensic pathologists and entomologists investigating deaths due to violent crimes need a rapid, easy-to-use protocol to identify fly species found on corpses. A rapid and robust DNA-based tool that can distinguish between various immature and mature species from the Calliphoridae, Muscidae, and Sarcophagidae families would be ideal for such investigations. To date, the DNA barcode initiative is the best approach for identifying species-specific nucleotide sequences. We have developed 3 sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR)-based identification systems derived from the Abdominal-B homeobox sequences of 17 fly species belonging to the Muscidae and Sarcophagidae. The flies used in this study were collected in Korea. These assay systems can classify 17 forensically important fly species into the dipteran family group and reliably distinguish them from inter- and intraspecific fly species through a 2-step multiplex PCR. This novel approach may also be used as an alternative to conventional DNA-based identification methods.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cadaver , Crime , Diptera , DNA , Genes, Homeobox , Humans , Korea , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Muscidae , Sarcophagidae
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 915-919, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256983

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of pre- and post-natal exposure to soy isoflavones (SIF) on the related indicators of the reproductive system development and ER-beta expression in male rat offspring.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into a corn oil group (control), 3 SIF groups (50, 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight), and a diethylstilbestrol (DES, 0.1 mg/ kg body weight) group to be treated respectively by intragastric gavage from pregnancy day 0. On postnatal day (PND) 21, the male offspring were treated in the same manner till sexual maturity, and on PND 49 and 90, 6 male rats from each group were killed for observation of the related indicators of the reproductive system development and the detection of the expression of ER-beta in the testis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean daily food intake showed no evident differences among the SIF and DES groups, but the food efficiency ratio (FER) was significantly decreased in the 200 and 400 mg/kg SIF and 0.1 mg/kg DES groups (P < 0.05) at 49 and 90 PND. At the dose of > or = 50 mg/kg, SIF markedly reduced the body weight of the rats (P < 0.05), even more so at 90 PND than at 49 PND. The increased dose of SIF was correlated with the reduction of testis weight, sperm head count and daily sperm production, and so was it with the elevation of the ER-beta expression, both more obviously at 90 PND than at 49 PND.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pre- and post-natal exposure to SIF affects the reproductive system development of male rat offspring, and the elevation of ER-beta expression may be one of its mechanisms.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Estrogen Receptor beta , Metabolism , Female , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Male , Maternal Exposure , Pregnancy , Rats , Reproduction , Soybeans , Chemistry , Testis , Metabolism
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