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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879436

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the treatment strategy and clinical efficacy for os odontoideum complicated with atlantoaxial dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 patients with os odontoideum complicated with atlantoaxial dislocation surgically treated from January 2006 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed, including 7 males and 10 females, aged 17 to 53 (43.1±11.3) years old;course of disease was 3 to 27(10.2±6.9) months. All patients received cranial traction before operation, 12 of 14 patients with reducible dislocation were treated by posterior atlantoaxial fixation and fusion, and 2 patients with atlantooccipital deformity were treated by posterior occipitocervical fixation and fusion;3 patients with irreducible alantoaxial dislocation were treated by transoral approach decompression combined with posterior atlantoaxial fixation and fusion. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and perioperative complications were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were used to evaluate the change of neck pain and neurological function. Atlantoaxial joint fusion rate was evaluated by CT scan.@*RESULTS@#The operation time of posterior fixation and fusion ranged from 86 to 170 (92.2±27.5) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was 200-350 (250.7±65.2) ml. No vertebral artery injury and spinal cord injury were recorded. Among the patients underwent atlantoaxial fixation and fusion, 1 patient with reducible dislocation fixed by C@*CONCLUSION@#Surgical treatment of os odontoideum complicated with atlantoaxial dislocation can achieve satisfactory results, improve the patient's neurological function and improve the quality of life, however the surgical options needs to be individualized.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Atlanto-Axial Joint/surgery , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and superiority of direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to August 2016, the clinical data of 83 patients with lumbar tuberculosis were retrospectively analyzed, including 55 males and 28 females, aged from 27 to 72 (49.5±13.5) years. These 83 patients were divided into two groups according to different operation methods, 35 cases in group A were treated with direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation;48 cases in group B were treated with anterior traditional extraperitoneal debridement combined with posterior internal fixation. After operation, regular quadruple antituberculosis drugs were continued for 18 months. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, bone graft fusion time and complications were compared between the two groups. Visual analogue score (VAS) of lumbar pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), sagittal Cobb angle, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein(CRP) values before and after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups, and the operation mode was not changed during operation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay were (149.4±13.3) min, (354.3±69.0) ml, (9.4±1.6) d in group A and(116.8±10.0) min, (721.9±172.3) ml, (11.8±1.7) d in group B, respectively, with significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two kinds of operation can obtain satisfactory clinical effect. Direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation can reduce intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay, which is conducive to early rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Transplantation , Debridement , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effecty of Wiltse approach combined with contralateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and traditional TLIF in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its affect on injury of multifidus muscle.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to September 2017, 90 patients with lumbar disc herniation combined with lumbar spine instability were divided into two groups (Wiltse approach group and traditional group) depend on the procedure of operation. Wiltse approach group was treated with Wiltse approach screw placement in one side combined with contralateral TLIF. There were 50 patients in Wiltse approach group, including 36 males and 14 females, aged 45 to 72 yearswith an average of (60.4± 3.1) years. The traditional group was treated with traditional TLIF operation. There were 40 patients in the traditional group, including 25 males and 15 females, aged 45 to 74 years with an average of (62.1±3.4) years. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, accuracy of screw implantation, postoperative drainage volume and drainage tube removal time were recorded in two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)were observed before and 12 months after operation. All patients underwent CT examination preoperative and 12 months postoperative, and the CT values of bilateral multifidus muscle were measured.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, 40 patients in traditional group were 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.3±4.3) months; and 50 patients in Wiltse approach group were 13 to 24 months with an average of (16.5± 4.1) months. There were no statistically significant differences in operative time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional surgical procedures, the Wiltse approach nail placement combined with contralateral TLIF has the advantage of accurate nail placement, reducing multifidus muscle damage, and reducing the incidence of postoperative intractable low back pain.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200952

ABSTRACT

Background:Malnutrition is common in patients with cancer, whichadversely affectsthesurvival and quality of life ofcancer patients.However, there is no national data on the prevalence of malnutrition inChinese cancer patients. Thisstudy aims to evaluate the prevalenceof malnutrition and quality of life(QOL)ofChinese patients with localregional, recurrentor metastatic cancer,to address the prognostic value of nutritional status and QOLon the survival of cancer patients in China and to validate the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) questionnaire in Chinese cancer patients.Methods:Thisisanobservational,multi-centered,and hospital-based prospective cohort study.We aimed to recruit 50,000 cancer patients (age 18and above)overan 8-year period.Data collection will occur within 48hrafter patientsare admitted to hospital, 30-days after hospital admission, and the follow-up will be conducted1-8years after enrolment. The primary outcomeisoverall survival, and secondaryoutcomes arelength of hospital stay and hospital costs. Factors measured are demographic characteristics, tumor characteristics, anthropometry measurements,hematological measurement, body composition, PG-SGAscores,Karnofsky performance status scores,and QLQ C30 scores. This protocol wasapproved by local ethical committees of all the participant hospitals.Conclusions: This multi-centered, large-scale, long-time follow-up prospective study will help diagnose malnutrition in cancer patients in China, and identify the related risk factors associated with the negative outcomes. The anticipated results will highlight the need for a truly scientific appraisal of nutrition therapy, and help to improve outcomes among cancer patients in China.Trial Registration: The trial has been registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800020329. Registered on 19 December 2018

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor on the radiosensitivity of human non-small cell lung cancer cells and its possible mechanism.Methods:Human non-small cell lung cancer cells H1299 were cultured in vitro. CCK-8 was used to detect the toxic effects of erlotinib on H1299 cells, IC 50 and IC 20 were calculated, and IC 20 was utilized as the drug concentration for subsequent experiments. The colony formation assay was performed to identifiy the effect of X-ray combined with erlotinib on H1299 cells, the radiosensitivity parameters were calculated, and the cell survival curves were delineated. Flow cytometry was conducted to detect the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of EGFR/PI3K/AKT pathway and apoptosis-related proteins. Results:Erlotinib exerted inhibitory effect upon the proliferation of H1299 cells, IC 50 was calculated as 27.3 μmol/L, and 3.3 μmol/L for IC 20. X-ray combined with IC 20 concentration of erlotinib could reduce the cloning ability of H1299, increased the proportion of G 0/G 1 phase and G 2/M phase, decreased the proportion of S phase, aggravated cell apoptosis, down-regulated the expression of pEGFR and pAKT proteins, and up-regulated the expression of apoptosis-related proteins including Active Caspase 3 and Cleaved PARP. Conclusions:Erlotinib exerts a radiosensitizing effect on H1299. The possible mechanism is that erlotinib combined with radiation can suppress the EGFR/PI3K/AKT pathway, reduce the ability of repairing cell damage, change cell growth cycle and induce cell apoptosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the curative effects of injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty and short-segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty in treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fractures.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fractures who met the inclusion criteria were collected in the study from January 2015 to December 2017. Among them, 35 patients were treated with injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty (group A), including 20 males and 15 females, aged from 55 to 74 years with an average of (64.03± 7.82) years. Twenty-six cases were type A3 and 9 cases were type A4 according to the AO typing;another 35 patients were treated with short segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty (group B), including 18 males and 17 females, aged from 54 to 72 years with an average of (62.78±6.40) years. Twenty-eight cases were type A3 and 7 cases were type A4 according to AO typing. Operation length, intraoperative bleeding volume, complication, imaging parameters and clinical effects were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for at least 12 months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, injury site, preoperative VAS, Cobb angle, and injured vertebral height before surgery. There were no significant differences in operation length, intraoperative bleeding volume between two groups. In terms of VAS scores before surgery, 1 week after surgery, and at the final follow up, group A was 5.5 ±2.5, 1.8 ±0.8, 0.9 ±0.4, group B was 5.4 ± 2.3, 1.7±0.6, 1.2±1.8, respectively;injured vertebral height was (40.4±8.8)%, (92.0±4.9)%, (87.1±3.8)% in group A, and (41.2±6.6)%, (93.2±4.6)%, (80.0±4.3)% in group B;Cobb angle was (18.4±6.9) °, (2.8±2.2) °, (4.2±2.6) ° in group A, and (16.8±7.2) °, (2.7±2.5) °, (6.0±2.4) ° in group B. There were significant differences in the 3 parameters above before the operation and at the final follow up in all groups (<0.05). There were significant differences in the Cobb angle and injured vertebral height between 1 week after operation and at the final follow up (<0.05). At the final follow up, injured vertebral height in group A was obviously better than that in group B (<0.05). Internal fixation failure occurred in 2 cases from the group A, and occurred in 4 cases from the group B. There were no neurological complications in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#For osteoporotic thoracolumbar vertebral burst fractures, injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty and vertebra pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty can achieve good clinical effects. However, injured vertebra pedicle fixation combined with vertebroplasty is better at maintaining postoperative vertebral height and sagittal arrangement, and reducing internal fixation related complications. The treatment strategy is worthy of application and promotion.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of posterior osteotomy on spinopelvic parameters in lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis who underwent osteotomy from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 16 females, aged from 55 to 76 years with an average of (66.24±5.13) years. All patients had taken preoperative and postoperative full length spinal X-ray, analyzing the spinopelvic parameters as thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS).@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful, the average operative time was 190 min (160 to 220 min) and intraoperative blood loss was 1 000 ml (800 to 1900 ml). Parameters of the patients between preoperative and period 1-year follow-up were as follows : preoperative TK increased from (31.67±21.13) ° to (34.67±11.60) °, LL corrected from (4.76±3.17) ° to (37.41±6.28) °, PT reduced from (33.94±5.01) ° to (20.12±5.36) °, and SS improved from (18.47±2.60) ° to (31.71±4.30) °, SVA restored from (13.24±3.60) cm to (2.82±1.33) cm. There were significant differences of spinopelvic parameters between preoperation and postoperation (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Posterior osteotomy can effectively reconstruct the sagittal balance of spinopelvis in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis. The recovery of lumbar lordosis and sacral slope is closely related to the reconstruction of sagittal balance.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes of vascular injury occurred in oblique lateral interbody fusion for treating lumbar degenerative diseases, and put forward preventive measures.@*METHODS@#There were 235 patients analyzed from October 2014 to May 2017 in five hospitals, who were treated with oblique lateral interbody fusion with or without posterior pedicle screw fixation. There were 79 males and 156 females with an average age of (61.9±13.5) years old (ranged from 32 to 83 years). There were 7 cases of vascular injury, including 4 cases of segmental vessel injury, 1 case of left common iliac artery injury, 1 case of left common iliac veininjury and 1 case of ovarian vein injury.@*RESULTS@#The follow up time ranged from 6 to 36 months, averagely (15.6±7.5) months. There was no pedicle screw loosen or fracture. The low back pain VAS decreased from preoperative 6.7±2.3 to 1.4±0.8 at the latest follow-up, which was statistically difference(@*CONCLUSION@#Oblique lateral interbody fusion technique provides a new method for minimally invasive fusion of lumbar internal fixation. However, it has a risk of vascular injury. In order to effectively prevent the occurrence of vascular injury, the operative indications and careful and meticulous operation should be strictly grasped.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vascular System Injuries/surgery
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an individualized Nomogram prediction model for predicting the postoperative recovery of patients with triad of elbow (TE) by analyzing risk factors of triad of elbow joint.@*METHODS@#From January 2012 to December 2018, 116 patients with TE who met the criteria were collected. The independent risk factors were screened by univariate Logistic regression analysis. The statistically significant risk factors were included in the multivariate Logistic regression model. The R software was used to establish the Nomogram diagram model to predict the postoperative recovery of TE patients. C index was used to verify the discrimination, Calibration plot of the model, and the decision curve (decision curve analysis, DCA) to verify the net clinical benefit rate of the model.@*RESULTS@#Forty-four of the 116 patients with TE developed symptoms after operation, with an incidence of 37.93%. Age (@*CONCLUSION@#The Nomogram for predicting postoperative results of TE patients based on six independent risk factors:age, work, smoking, Mason classification of radial head, Regan-Morrey classification of coronal process and immobilization time of elbow joint after operation, has good distinguishing capacity and consistency. Thepredictive model could help clinicians to identify high risk population and establish appropriate intervention strategies.


Subject(s)
Elbow , Elbow Joint , Humans , Radius , Radius Fractures , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776099

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical results of one stage temporary atlantoaxial segmental fixation and reduction for Grauer type IIB dens fractures in teenagers.@*METHODS@#From February 2009 to April 2015, 19 teenagers with Grauer type IIB dens fractures not amenable to anteiror screw fixation were enrolled and treated using one stage temporary atlantoaxial segmental fixation and reduction without fusion. There were 14 males and 5 females, aged from 14 to 32 years with an average of (24.6±5.0 ) years. The internal fixation was removed after bone healing confirmed by CT scan. At the last follow-up (at least 1 year after internal fixation removal), dynamic CT was used to assess the atlantoaxial rotation activity. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded before the first operation, before the second operation (removal of internal fixation) and at the last follow-up. Neck Disability Index(NDI) was used to evaluate the efficacy before the second operation (removal of internal fixation) and the last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#After operation, 2 patients developed the symptoms of occipital nerve stimulation such as numbness and pain in the occipitocervical region, and were treated with drugs such as dehydration and neurotrophic drugs, and the symptoms were relieved after 1 to 2 months. All the internal fixations were removed and all the patients were followed up more than 1 year, with time ranging from 18 to 25 months and an average of (21.47±2.41) months. The time of bone fusion after operation was 6 to 10 months with the mean of(8.21±1.27) months. Secondary surgical removal of internal fixation were performed immediately after fracture healing without internal fixation failure. The symptoms of neck pain improved significantly after operation, VAS score decreased from 6.74±0.65 before operation to 0.42±0.51 at the last follow-up after the second operation (removal of internal fixation), with statistically significant differences(<0.01). The NDI value decreased from (10.58±2.04)% before the second operation (removal of internal fixation) to (3.79±2.23)% at the last follow-up after the second operation (removal of internal fixation), with statistically significant difference(<0.01). At the last follow-up after the second operation (removal of internal fixation), dynamic CT showed that the unilateral rotation of the atlantoaxial spine reached (15.73±5.57)° to the left, (15.55±5.78)° to the right, and the overall rotation of the atlantoaxial spine was (31.28±10.71)°.@*CONCLUSIONS@#One stage temporary atlantoaxial segmental fixation and reduction for the treatment of Grauer type IIB dens fractures not amenable to anteiror screw fixation in teenagers can avoid the loss of atlantoaxial rotation function caused by atlantoaxial fusion, and to some extent retain the rotation activity of atlanto-axial joint.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Atlanto-Axial Joint , Bone Screws , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Male , Odontoid Process , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754455

ABSTRACT

Human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2-positive breast cancer is a type of highly invasive breast cancer with a high recurrence rate. Although the single-targeted treatment for HER-2 prolongs survival, patients still develop recurrence and metas-tasis. The mechanisms of dual-targeted therapies are non-overlapping and have synergistic effects, which further improves the survival of patients. Based on trastuzumab, this article reviews the current status and progression indual-targeted therapeutic regimens con-taining anti-HER-2.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of bilateral sagittal cross percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP) for preventing recurrent fracture of the cemented vertebrae.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to June 2017, 85 patients with single-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs) were treated by bilateral sagittal cross PKP(cross group). There were 35 males and 50 females with an average age of (70.1±8.3) years old in cross group. Another 85 patients with single-segment OVCFs were treated by traditional PKP (traditional group). There were 37 males and 48 females with an average age of (73.3±9.5) years old in traditional group. The cement distribution condition, recurrent fracture of the cemented vertebrae, the anterior vertebral body height and sagittal Cobb angle, visual analogue scale(VAS) were observed in two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients underwent operation successfully. The follow-up time were (11.8±4.5) months in cross group and (12.1±3.7) months in traditional group. In cross group, all patients' bone cement touched the upper and lower endplates of the vertebral body while 67 cases (78.8%) in traditional group did with significant difference between two groups (0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bilateral sagittal cross PKP was a simple, safe and effective technique which can make bone cement distribute in the fractured vertebral body and contact the upper and lower endplates of the vertebral body, thus preventing the recurrent fracture of the cemented vertebrae.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818128

ABSTRACT

Metastasis is the main reason that affects the survival and death of cancer patients. In recent years, it has been found that Rab25 is closely related to tumor invasion and metastasis. Rab25 has dual role in tumor metastasis, which can be used as oncogene or tumor suppressor gene. In most tumor types, Rab25 is an oncogene, and only in a few tumors, Rab25 shows tumor suppressor function. However, the dual action mechanism and signal pathway of Rab25 are not very clear. This article summarizes the related research on the role of Rab25 in tumor metastasis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691144

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the curative effect of short-segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty and injured vertebra pedicle fixation in treating osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study was performed for 52 patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures from August 2010 to August 2015. Among them, 27 patients(group A) were treated with short-segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty, including 17 males and 10 females, aged from 54 to 68 years old with an average of(61.01±5.41) years, 16 cases were type A3 and 11 cases were type A4 according the new AO typing. Other 25 patients (group B) were treated with short-segment pedicle screw fixation combined with injured vertebra pedicle fixation, including 12 males and 13 females, aged from 55 to 66 years old with an average of (59.28±6.12) years, 18 cases were type A3 and 7 cases were type A4 according the new AO typing. Operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, complication, image data and clinical effect were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up for 12 to 15 months with an average of (12.4±2.1)months. There was no significant difference in general data(including gender, age, injured site, preoperative VAS score, Cobb angle, injured vertebral anterior border height) between two groups. There was no significant differences in operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume between two groups. Preoperative, one week after operation and final follow-up, VAS scores were 5.2±0.5, 1.2±0.2, 0.8±0.1 respectively in group A and 5.0±0.6, 2.5±0.4, 1.3±0.2 in group B; injured vertebral anterior border height were (49.4±6.8)%, ( 94.5±1.2)%, ( 94.1±3.7)% respectively in group A and (48.2±7.0)%, ( 94.3±4.1)%, ( 90.0±2.3)% in group B;Cobb angles were (20.4±5.2) °, (2.5±1.8) °, (4.4±1.7)° respectively in group A and (19.8±6.8)°, (2.4±1.7)°, (7.0±1.2)° in group B. At final follow-up, VAS, Cobb angle, injured vertebral anterior border height in two groups were obviously improved(<0.05). Postoperative at 1 week and final follow-up, VAS score of group A was lower than that of group B(<0.05);and there was no significant difference in Cobb angle between two groups(>0.05); there was significant difference in injured vertebral anterior border height between two groups(<0.05). The complication of internal fixation failure had 1 case in group A and 4 cases in group B.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For the treatment of single osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fractures, short-segment pedicle screw fixation combined with vertebroplasty is better than combined with injured vertebra pedicle fixation in clinical effect, it can relieve pain, maintain injured vertebral height and sagittal alinement, reduce the complications associated with internal fixation, and be worth spread in clinic.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691115

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical effects of protecting the internal structure of the knee and internal fixation through two different directions for the treatment of tibial plateau fractures with medial large block split.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to January 2016, data of 21 patients of tibial plateau with medial large block split fractures who were treated with protecting the internal structure of the knee and internal fixation through two different directions were retrospectively analyzed, including 17 males and 4 females, with an average age of (39.2±3.2) years old ranging from 27 to 63 years. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs as well as computed tomography(CT) images were obtained in the course of preoperative. It was made in the operation to protect medial knee structure, combining with internal fixation via two different directions plates(medial and posteromedial). If the posterolateral condyle fracture was involved, a plate was applied through posterolateral approach. Rasmussen score was used for radiological assessment, and HSS knee score was used for efficacy assessment at 1 year after operation. The fracture healing time was judged by X-ray and clinical examinations, additionally, the complications and corresponding outcomes were also recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 10 to 24 months with an average of(17.2±1.7) months. All fractures were healed, the healing time was 9 to 16 weeks with an average of(11.1±3.2) weeks. The Rasmussen score after surgery was 1 to 18 points with an average of(16.7±1.5) points. Sixteen cases got excellent, 3 good and 2 fair. At the final follow-up, HSS functional scores ranged from 60 to 100 points with an average of (87.3±6.7) points, the result was excellent in 18 cases, good in 2 cases and fair in 1 case.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For a split fracture of the medial tibial plateau, the medial incision, full protection of the medial knee structure, and two different directions of supporting plate fixation are feasible, and the short-term effect is satisfactory.</p>

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772586

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the short-term efficacy of posterior percutaneous screw fixation combined with local percutaneous endoscopic debridement in treating senile spinal tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 19 senile patients with spinal tuberculosis underwent surgical treatment from January 2015 to September 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females, aged from 60 to 73 years old with an average of (66.2±4.0) years. All patients have been diagnosed with spinal tuberculosis prior to hospitalization with abscess, dead bone formation but no sinus, neurological symptoms, open surgical indications. All patients were treated with posterior percutaneous screw fixation combined with local percutaneous endoscopic debridement, and were given appropriate chemotherapy for 3 weeks preoperatively. Pre-and post-operative visual analogue score (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), sagittal Cobb angle of lesion segment, erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C-reactive protein(CRP) were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the 19 patients successfully completed the operation and passed through the perioperative period safely. The operation method was unchanged during the operation. The average operation time was (153.2±14.0) min. Except for 1 patients who had delayed incision healing, other patients healed at I stage within 2 weeks after operation. All patients were followed up for 15 to 26 months with an average of (19.6±3.2) months.VAS, ODI, sagittal Cobb angle of lesion segment, ESR, CRP were decreased from preoperative(5.9±1.1) points, (80.9±4.0)%, (30.8±5.5)°, (79.6±14.4) mm/h, (56.9±9.5) mg/L to(1.8±0.9) points, (66.4±5.4)%, (15.9±2.5)°, (20.4±4.6) mg/L, (32.0±8.1) mm/h at final follow-up(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Senile spinal tuberculosis have more complications and poor general body condition. Posterior percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined with local percutaneous endoscopic debridement in treating the patients can reduce trauma, got satisfactory effect.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Transplantation , Debridement , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772582

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy of unilateral and bilateral intervertebral space release in the treatment of lower lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 41 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis treated by surgery from October 2012 and May 2016 were retrospcetive analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups, 18 cases were enrolled in unilateral intervertebral release group, there were 7 males and 11 females, aged from 47 to 75 years old with an average of (59.3±6.4) years; according to Meyerding classification, 9 cases of I degree, 7 cases of II degree, 2 cases of III degree. And 23 cases were bilateral release group, there were 11 males and 12 females, aged from 51 to 76 years old with an average of (58.2±5.7) years; according to Meyerding classification, 11 cases of I degree, 10 cases of II degree, 2 cases of III degree. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, bone graft fusion rate of the patients were recorded in the patients. Pre- and post-operative back and leg pain were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) between two groups. The slip rate, slip angle, posterior height of intervertebral space, height of intervertebral foramen, distance of anterior and posterior displacement of vertex of intervertebral foramen were measured on X-ray and CT. And the above radiographic data were analyzed by intra-group or inter-group.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up from 9 to 24 months with an average of 12 months. The entire 41 patient obtained bone fusion at 12 months after operation. There was no statistical significance in VAS at 12 months after operation, intraoperative blood loss and operation time between two groups(>0.05). There were statistical significance in sliding angle, posterior height of intervertebral space, height of intervertebral foramen, distance of anterior and posterior displacement of vertex of intervertebral foramen of all patients before and after operation(0.05), but there was significant difference in bilateral release group. There was statistical significance in postoperative slip angle, posterior height of intervertebral space, distance of anterior and posterior displacement of vertex of intervertebral foramen between two groups(=0.001, 0.045, 0.001). The height of intervertebral foramen increased and the slippage rate decreased in both groups after operation, but there was no significant difference between two groups(=0.248).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Unilateral and bilateral intervertebral space release for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis can obviously reduce the rate of spondylolisthesis, restore foraminal height and achieve better clinical efficacy. Bilateral release group can better restore the slip angle, increase posterior height of intervertebral space, reduce the distance of anterior and posterior displacement of vertex of intervertebral foramen. Especially for grade II or above degree of slippage is more appropriate.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Transplantation , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259788

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effects of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined with limited open decompression technique for the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures with neurologic deficit.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 76 patients with thoracolumbar fractures with neurologic deficit underwent percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined with limited open decompression technique from June 2010 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 45 males and 31 femals, aged from 17 to 56 years with an average of 32.5 years old. According to the classification of Denis, 33 cases were type A, 26 cases were type B, 17 cases were type C. According to the criterion of American Spinal Injury Association(ASIA), 13 cases were grade A, 9 cases were grade B, 21 cases were grade C, 33 cases were grade D. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative internal fixation lossening and breakage were recorded. The informations of the Cobb angle, the anterior height of injured vertebra, canal stenosis were observed before operation, 3 days after operation, and the final follow-up. The improvement of neurologic function were analyzed at final follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up from 13 to 47 months with an average of 32.1 months. The mean operative time was 159 min (136 to 218 min) and the intraoperative blood loss was 225 ml(150 to 360 ml). The anterior height of injured vertebra was increased from (52.0±5.9)% before operation to (87.2±1.8)% at 3 days after operation, and (86.1±1.5)% at final follow-up (=45.27,=0.000); the Cobb angle was decreased from (29.7±8.2)° before operation to (5.7±2.9)° at 3 days after operation, and (5.9±3.6)° at final follow-up (=34.62,=0.000); the canal stenosis was decreased from (37.5±7.2)% before operation to (12.3±3.3)% at 3 days after operation, and (11.9±3.1)% at final follow-up(=37.02,=0.000); there was no significant differences between postoperative 3 days and the final follow-up about the above parametres(>0.05). According to ASIA criterion, the spinal cord function was classified as grade A in 13 cases, grade B in 0 cases, grade C in 10 cases, grade D in 21 cases and grade E in 32 cases at final follow-up. Internal fixation lossening and breakage occurred in 2 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined with limited open decompression technique can obtain satisfactory clinical effect for patients with thoracolumbar fractures with neurologic deficit, and have a good recovery of nerve function can be observed.</p>

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324600

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effects of French door segmented laminectomy decompression for severe cervical OPLL complicated with spinal cord injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 38 patients with serious cervical OPLL complicated with spinal cord injury were retrospectively analyzed and these patients were treated with French door segmented laminectomy decompression and internal fixation from June 2012 to June 2014. There were 25 males and 13 females, aged from 42 to 78 years with an average of 58.2 years. Of them, 35 cases suffered from aggravating neurological symptoms with a definite precipitating factor. Spinal cord injury was related to minor injury of the neck, such as hyperextension of the neck in 3 cases. Preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Score (JOA) was 8.1±1.7 and Neck Disability Index (NDI) was 19.8±4.4. Preoperative CT scans showed the range of OPLL was more than three segments. The spinal canal was occupied 50% to 85% with an average of 70.7%.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up for 10 to 24 months with an average of 15.6 months. The operative time was 90 to 150 min with an average of 120 min and blood loss was 300 to 800 ml with an average of (480±80) ml. At final follow-up, NDI and JOA were 7.5±2.5 and 13.5±2.0, respectively, and they were obviously improved compared with preoperation. Preoperative cervical Cobb angle was (8.10±2.70)° and at final follow-up was (15.60±1.80)°, and there was significant difference between preoperative and postoperative (<0.05). Deep infection occurred in 1 case, epidural hematoma in 1 case, C₅ nerve root palsy in 3 cases, and axial symptom in 8 cases after operation. No serious complications, such as vertebral artery injury, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, deterioration of neurological dysfunction, or internal fixation failure was found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>French door segmented laminectomy decompression is safe and feasible for severe cervical OPLL complicated with spinal cord injury, and it is worth to be popularized in future.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281339

ABSTRACT

As a common type of fracture in cervical, atlas fracture is frequently unstable due to its special anatomical structure. In a previous treatment, external fixation was likely to bring low bony union rate and long-term neck pain, while occipito-cervical fusion and atlantoaxial fusion sacrifice range of motion in cervical spine. Reduction and single section fixation of atlas by anterior lateral mass screws through the transoral approach were reported by some scholars, and the retrospective study demonstrated the high healing rate, reservation of cervical ROM and less bleeding. But it also has high risks of cervical spinal cord and vertebral artery damage, as well as the post-operation infection. Moreover, the indication and fixation strength require further evidences. As a result, this surgical option provides a new way for spinal surgeons to deal with unstable atlas fractures.

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