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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2624-2633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981220

ABSTRACT

Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) is a highly contagious disease that causes high mortality in suckling piglets. Although several licensed inactivated and live attenuated vaccines were widely used, the infection rate remains high due to unsatisfactory protective efficacy. In this study, mRNA vaccine candidates against PED were prepared, and their immunogenicity was evaluated in mice and pregnant sows. The mRNA PED vaccine based on heterodimer of viral receptor binding region (RBD) showed good immunogenicity. It elicited robust humoral and cellular immune responses in mice, and the neutralizing antibody titer reached 1:300 after a single vaccination. Furthermore, it induced neutralizing antibody level similar to that of the inactivated vaccine in pregnant sows. This study developed a new design of PED vaccine based on the mRNA-RBD strategy and demonstrated the potential for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Animals , Female , Mice , Swine , Antibodies, Viral , Swine Diseases/epidemiology , Viral Vaccines/genetics , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Vaccines, Attenuated , Diarrhea/veterinary
2.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 197-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986740

ABSTRACT

BackgroundGender and age differences in the clinical manifestations of patients with bipolar disorder can affect the clinical diagnosis and treatment process. The current treatment effect of bipolar disorder in adolescents is not ideal, which has become the main reason for disability during the learning period. ObjectiveTo analyze the clinical features and medication therapy status of bipolar disorder in adolescents, and to provide references to support for personalized diagnosis and treatment. MethodsOn January 16, 2023, 1 169 patients with bipolar disorder who were hospitalized at Beijing Anding Hospital Affiliated Capital Medical University from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. Medical records were collected and analyzed to compare the clinical features among patients of different gender and age groups, and to explore the differences in medication use among patients of different genders in different types of seizures. ResultsMale patients reported a larger proportion of manic episodes, and a smaller proportion of depressive episodes than female patients (P<0.05).Female patients reported a larger proportion of non-suicidal self-harm behaviors than male patients (χ2=7.761, P<0.01).And patients in low-age group featured a larger proportion of mixed seizures, impulsive behaviors and family history of bipolar disorders along with a smaller proportion of manic episodes than those in high-age group (P<0.05 or 0.01). High-age group had a longer average length of hospital stay than low-age group (t=-2.930, P<0.01). In manic episode patients, males were found to have a larger proportion of valproate and atypical antipsychotic drug administration than females (P<0.01). Among atypical antipsychotic drugs, males accounted for a larger proportion of administration of risperidone and olanzapine (χ2=26.957) than females (P<0.05 or 0.01), while females constituted a larger proportion of administration of quetiapine (χ2=14.865) and aripiprazole than males (P<0.01). In depressive episode patients, females had a larger proportion of administration of olanzapine than males (P<0.01). In patients with mixed seizures, females occupied a larger proportion of administration of lithium carbonate than males (χ2=9.253, P<0.01), and males exhibited a larger proportion of administration of valproate than females (P<0.05). ConclusionDifferences have been shown in diagnostic classification and concomitant symptoms among adolescent bipolar disorder of different genders and ages. Furthermore, medications of lithium carbonate, valproate, atypical antipsychotic and other drugs differ by gender among adolescents of different subtypes of bipolar disorder. [Funded by Key Special Project of the National Key R&D Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology for "Major Chronic Non communicable Disease Prevention and Control Research" (number, 2017YFC1311101)]

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2981-2988, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981430

ABSTRACT

Paris rugosa(Melanthiaceae) only grows in Yunnan province of China at present, and its chemical constituents have not been systematically studied. In this study, nine compounds, including one new compound pariposide G(1) and eight known compounds of cerin(2), stigmast-4-en-3-one(3), β-ecdysone(4), ophiopogonin C'(5), methyl protogracillin(6), gracillin(7), parissaponin H(8), and parisyunnanoside G(9), were isolated and identified from the ethanol extract of P. rugosa rhizomes by column chromatography methods and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Compounds 1-9 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of all the compounds were evaluated. The results showed that ophiopogonin C' had strong inhibitory effects on Candida albicans [MIC_(90)=(4.68±0.01) μmol·L~(-1)] and the fluconazole-resistant strain of C. albicans [MIC_(90)=(4.66±0.02) μmol·L~(-1)].


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Candida albicans , China , Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Rhizome
4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 874-878, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of a medial support plate and a row of screws in the treatment of Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the data of 26 patients who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University for Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle from December 2015 to December 2020. There were 17 males and 9 females, aged from 19 to 51 years (average, 36.1 years). All their fracture lines involved the postero-lateral condyle and all fractures were fixated with a medial support plate and a row of screws via one medial and one lateral incisions. Recorded were the operation time, hospital stay, blood loss, incision length, fracture healing, complications, quality of knee joint reduction and knee joint function at the last follow-up.Results:The length of hospital stay ranged from 8 to 16 days, averaging 10.4 days. The 26 patients were followed up for 8 to 18 months, with an average of 14.3 months. All the fractures got united after 11 to 17 weeks (average, 13.7 weeks). During the follow-up, no reduction loss, internal fixation failure or surgical complications were observed. Rasmussen radiographic scores at the last follow-up ranged from 11 to 18 points, averaging 16.1 points. The range of motion of the knee joint ranged from 0° to 140°, averaging 120.8°. The Rasmussen scores of the knee function ranged from 14 to 28 points, averaging 24.4 points.Conclusion:In the treatment of Schatzker type Ⅳ tibial plateau fracture involving the postero-lateral condyle, the use of a medial support plate and a row of screws can achieve satisfactory clinical results.

5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 52-58, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920744

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the differentially expressed proteins in different liver tissues in the mouse model of alveolar echinococcosis using high-resolution mass spectrometry with data independent acquisition (DIA), and to identify the key proteins contributing to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Protoscoleces were isolated from Microtus fuscus with alveolar echinococcosis and the experimental model of alveolar echinococcosis was established in female Kunming mice aged 6 to 8 weeks by infection with Echinococcus multilocularis protoscoleces. Mice were divided into the experimental and control groups, and animals in the experimental group was injected with approximately 3 000 protoscoleces, while mice in the control group were injected with the same volume of physiological saline. Mouse liver specimens were sampled from both groups one year post-infection and subjected to pathological examinations. In addition, the lesions (the lesion group) and peri-lesion specimens (the peri-lesion group) were sampled from the liver of mice in the experimental group and the normal liver specimens (the normal group) were sampled from mice in the control group for DIA proteomics analysis, and the differentially expressed proteins were subjected to bioinformatics analysis. Results A total of 1 020 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the lesion group and the normal group, including 671 up-regulated proteins and 349 down-regulated proteins, and 495 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the peri-lesion group and the normal group, including 327 up-regulated proteins and 168 down-regulated proteins. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis revealed that these differentially expressed proteins were involved in peroxisome, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and fatty acid degradation pathways, and the peroxisome and PPAR signaling pathways were found to correlate with liver injury. Several differentially expressed proteins that may contribute to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis were identified in these two pathways, including fatty acid binding protein 1 (Fabp1), Acyl-CoA synthetase long chain family member 1 (Acsl1), Acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (Acox1), Enoyl-CoA hydratase and 3-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase (Ehhadh) and Acetyl-Coenzyme A acyltransferase 1B (Acaa1b), which were down-regulated in mice in the experimental group. Conclusion A large number of differentially expressed proteins are identified in the liver of the mouse model of alveolar echinococcosis, and Fabp1, Acsl1, Acox1, Ehhadh and Acaa1b may contribute to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 41-51, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920743

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the differentially expressed proteins in different liver tissues in the mouse model of cystic echinococcosis (CE), so as to provide insights into the research and development of therapeutic drugs targeting CE. Methods Female Kunming mice at ages of 6 to 8 weeks were randomly assigned into the CE group and the control group. Mice in the CE group were intraperitoneally infected with 2 000 Echinococcus multilocularis protoscoleces, while mice in the control group were injected with the same volume of physiological saline. All mice in both groups were sacrificed after breeding for 350 d, and the lesions (the lesion group) and peri-lesion specimens (the peri-lesion group) were sampled from the liver of mice in the CE group and the normal liver specimens (the normal group) were sampled from mice in the control group for data independent acquisition (DIA) proteomics analysis, and the differentially expressed proteins were subjected to Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Results A total of 26 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the lesion group and the normal group and between the peri-lesion group and the normal group, including 8 up-regulated proteins and 18 down-regulated proteins. GO term enrichment analysis showed that these differentially expressed proteins were predominantly enriched in endoplasmic reticulum membrane (biological components), oxidoreductase activity (molecular function) and oxoacid metabolic process and monocarboxylic acid metabolic process (biological processes). KEGG pathway enrichment analysis revealed that the differentially expressed protein Acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (Acox1), which contributed to primary bile acid biosynthesis during the fatty acid oxidation, was involved in peroxisome signaling pathway, and the differentially expressed protein fatty acid binding protein 1 (Fabp1), which contributed to fatty acid transport, was involved in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway. Conclusion Differentially expressed proteins are identified in the liver specimens between mouse models of CE and normal mice, and some differentially expressed proteins may serve as potential drug targets for CE.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 225-231, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of excessive inlet view in fluoroscopy-assisted placement of sacroiliac screws.Methods:Included for this prospective study were 47 patients with unstable pelvic fracture who had been admitted to Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Xi'an Honghui Hospital between January 2020 and January 2021. There were 30 males and 17 females, with a mean age of 39.4 years (from 25 to 66 years). By the Tile classification, 21 fractures were type B and 26 ones type C. The inlet view and the angle of excessive inlet view were measured before operation. The intraoperative placement of sacroiliac screws was assisted by C-arm fluoroscopy navigation in the excessive inlet view. The positions of sacroiliac screws were verified by CT or O-arm fluoroscopy after operation. The screw placement time, fracture reduction quality, fracture healing time, and pelvic function at the last follow-up were recorded.Results:A total of 67 screws were implanted in the 47 patients, including 56 sacroiliac screws. The insertion time for each screw averaged 19.9 min (from 9 to 31 min); the angle of excessive inlet view averaged 17.38° (from 12.1° to 24.8°). Verification by O-arm fluoroscopy or CT revealed that all sacroiliac screws were located in the sacral canal without dislocation or breaking through the cortical bone. By the postoperative Matta scoring, the reduction was excellent in 22 cases, good in 17, acceptable in 6, and poor in 2, giving an excellent to good rate of 83.0%(39/47). The average follow-up time for the 47 patients was 9.5 months (from 5 to 15 months); fracture healing time averaged 10.5 weeks (from 7 to 16 weeks). By the Mejeed scoring at the last follow-up, the pelvic function was excellent in 26 cases, good in 15 and acceptable in 6, giving an excellent to good rate of 87.2% (41/47).Conclusions:Fluoroscopy in the excessive inlet view is a simple and easy intraoperative technique. It can improve accuracy and safety of sacroiliac screw placement because it allows clear identification of the posterior border of the sacrum and effectively avoids iatrogenic injury to the sacral nerve caused by screws breaking through the bone cortex.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 430-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of geriatric acetabular fractures in western China.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on data of geriatric patients with acetabular fracture hospitalized in 4 grade A hospitals in western China from 2015 to 2020. The investigation content included gender, age, incidence rate, injury mechanism, combined injuries, comorbidities, fracture types and treatment plans.Results:A total of 299 geriatric patients with acetabular fractures were included, including 203 males and 96 females, aged 60-97 years [(68.6±7.6)years]. The mean age of the patients was increased from 67.5 years to 71.1 years. The incidence rate was increased from 36 cases per year to 64 cases per year. The injury mechanism was mainly traffic accidents (42.47%), followed by falls (30.44%). Thoracic injury was the most common type of combined injuries (39.81%). Hypertension was the main comorbidity (28.76%). The most common fracture type was anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture (31.32%). Of 299 patients, 210 received surgical treatment, with the surgery rate of 70.23%.Conclusions:Geriatric acetabular fracture is characterized by gradually increased age and incidence rate, traffic accidents as the main cause of injury, thoracic injury as the main combined injury, hypertension as the main comorbidity, anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture as the main fracture type and surgery as the main treatment option.

9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 228-234, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936069

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a prediction model of pathologic complete response (pCR) in locally advanced rectal cancer patients who received programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) antibody and total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy by using radiomics based on MR imaging data and to investigate its predictive value. Methods: A clinical diagnostic test study was carried out. Clinicopathalogical and radiological data of 38 patients with middle-low rectal cancer who received PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and underwent TME surgery from January 2019 to September 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively collected. Among 38 patients, 23 were males and 15 were females with a median age of 68 (47-79) years and 13 (34.2%) a chieved pCR. These 38 patients were stratified and randomly divided into the training group (n=26) and test group (n=12) for modeling. All the patients underwent rectal MRI before treatment. The clinical, imaging and radiomics features of all the patients were collected, and the clinical feature model and radiomics model were constructed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of each model were drawn, and the constructed model was evaluated through the area under the curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. Results: There were no significant differences in age, gender, primary location of tumor and postoperative pathology between the two groups (all P>0.05). Forty-one features were extracted from region of interest in each modality, including 9 first-order features, 24 gray level co-occurrence matrix features and 8 shape features. From 38 patients, 41 features were extracted from each imaging modality of baseline and preoperative DWI and T2WI images, totally 164 features. Only 4 features were preserved after correlation analysis between each pair of features and t-test between pCR and non-pCR subjects. After LASSO cross validation, only the first-order skewness of the baseline DWI image before treatment and the volume in the baseline T2WI image before treatment were retained. The area under the curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the prediction model established by applying these two features in the training group and the test group were 0.856 and 0.844, 77.8% and 100.0%, 88.2% and 75.0%, 77.8% and 66.7%, 88.2% and 100.0%, respectively. The decision curve analysis of the radiomics model showed that the strategy of this model in predicting pCR was better than that in treating all the patients as pCR and that in treating all the patients as non-pCR. Conclusion: The pCR prediction model for rectal cancer patients receiving PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy based on MRI radiomics has the potential to be used in clinical screening or rectal cancer patients who can be spared from radical surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibodies/therapeutic use , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1138-1141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of rotational Scarf osteotomy in treating hallux valgus (HV) with rotation of the first metatarsal bone.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to October 2019, 35 patients (40 feet) with HV and rotation deformity of the first metatarsal were treated with rotational Scarf osteotomy, including 5 males and 30 females;aged from 25 to 76 years old with an average of (40.32±5.43) years old. Hallux valgus angle(HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA), the first metatarsal length (FML) were observed and compared, American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) of hallux metatarsophalangeal interphalangeal joint score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate functional evaluation.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-five patients(40 feet) were followed up from 12 to 36 months with an average of (14.35±3.62) months. HVA, IMA and DMAA were corrected from (36.32±4.51) °, (14.21±3.22) ° and (28.35±4.32) ° before operation to (14.32±5.71) °, (5.83±3.97) ° and (7.32±2.14) ° after operation respectively (P<0.05). There was no satistical difference in FML before and after operation (P>0.05). AOFAS score and VAS improved from (57.00±4.31) and (6.00±1.21) before operation to (90.31±3.28) and (1.42±0.83) after operation, respectively, and had significant difference(P<0.05);according to AOFAS score, 23 feet got excellent results, 15 feet good and 2 feet fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Rotational Scarf osteotomy with strong correction and high dimension could effectively correct HV combined with rotation deformity of the first metatarsal bone, improve function of the forefoot, and obtain good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Fluorometholone , Rotation , Treatment Outcome , Radiography , Bunion , Osteotomy/methods
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1121-1126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of scarf osteotomy and double metatarsal osteotomy(DMO) in treating moderate to severe hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#Fifty patients (81 feet) with moderate to severe hallux valgus deformity were treated from January 2017 to December 2019, and were divided into Scarf osteotomy (SO) group or DMO group according to different osteotomy methods. There were 26 patients (44 feet) in SO group, including 1 male and 25 females, aged from 48 to 65 years old with an average of (55.5±4.67) years old;18 patients (30 feet) with moderate and 8 patients (14 feet) with severe. There were 24 patients(37 feet) in DMO group, including 1 male and 23 females, aged from 45 to 62 years old with an average of (52.1±6.8) years old;there were 14 patients (24 feet) with moderate and 10 patients (13 feet) with severe. Hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA) and relative length of the first metatarsal(RLFM) on weight-bearing anteroposterior radiographs before and after operation were compared. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hallux, metatarsal, and interphalangeal joint scores was used for evaluate clinical effects. Weight bearing time and complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#Fivty patients were followed up. The follow-up time in SO group ranged from 12 to 36 months with an average of(20.50±6.22) months and from 16 to 28 months with an avaerge of(19.80±2.44) months in DMO group while there was no significant difference between two groups(P>0.05). All incision healed at stage I, and osteotomy healed at (20.31±3.17) months after operation. One patient occurred hallux adduction deformity, without transferred metatarsalgia;2 patients occurred metastatic metatarsalgia in DMO group. There were no significant difference in HVA, IMA, DMAA, and AOFAS scores between two groups(P>0.05) before and after operation. There was no significant difference in RLFM between two groups(P>0.05), while had significant difference in RLFM between two groups at final follow-up (P<0.05). Partial weight-bearing time and full weight-bearing time in SO group were significantly earlier than those in DMO group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both of Scarf osteotomy and the first metatarsal biplane osteotomy could effectively treat moderate to severe hallux valgus deformity, with similar imaging and clinical evaluation. However, the relative length of the first metatarsal bone in SO group was longer than that in DMO group after operation, and the time of weight bearing in Scarf osteotomy is earlier than that of double metatarsal osteotomy of the first metatarsal.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Hallux , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Case-Control Studies , Bunion , Treatment Outcome , Osteotomy/methods , Metatarsalgia
12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1434-1442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of weight-bearing area compression injury of the femoral head on the prognosis of elderly acetabular fractures after open reduction and internal fixation.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 36 elderly patients with acetabular fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation during January 2014 to January 2018 were conducted. All patients with compression injury of the weight-bearing area of the femoral head, including 22 males and 14 females with 73.2±6.5 years old (range 60-87 years old), were included. The compression injury of weight-bearing area of the femoral head was not treated. According to the Letournel-Judet classification of acetabular fractures, there were 14 cases with both-column, 12 cases with anterior column and posterior hemitransverse, 4 cases with T type, 4 cases with transverse, and 2 cases with posterior column+ posterior wall. A total of 14 cases were accompanied by acetabular joint surface compression, while 29 cases were accompanied by joint dislocation. The Merle d'Aubigné score was used to evaluate the hip function during follow-up. The Matta classification method was used to evaluate the results of acetabular fracture reduction. The Kellgren-Lawrence classification standard and Ficat-Alert staging method were used to evaluate the traumatic arthritis of the hip and femoral head necrosis, respectively. During the follow-up, the femoral head necrosis with stage III, IV, or traumatic arthritis III, IV, or with indications for joint replacement was defined as surgery failure. CT scans of the pelvis were performed before and at 2-5 days after operation. The compression size of the femoral head on the coronal and axial planes of the CT scan was calculated for the compression volume. The compression severity was divided into small (<1 cm 3), medium (1-2 cm 3) and large (>2 cm 3) according to the volume. Binary Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze whether the postoperative measurement of the femoral head compression volume was associated with the risk of surgical failure. Results:All patients were followed up for 34.7±8.9 months (range 25-54 months). There were 7 cases with large compression of femoral head, 14 cases with medium, and 15 cases with small pre-operatively. However, there were 12 cases, 10 cases and 14 cases with large, medium and small at 2-5 days after operation, respectively. Six cases were excellent reduction, 22 cases were good, and 8 cases were poor. Thus, the excellent and good rate was 78% (28/36). At the last follow-up, Merle d'Aubigné score was excellent in 2 cases, good in 8 cases, fair in 5 cases, and poor in 21 cases. The excellent and good rate was 28% (10/36). There were 20 cases with surgery failure with 56% (20/36) failure rate. There were no statistically significant differences in the patient's age, body mass index, operation duration, blood volume, fracture type, fracture reduction, combined acetabular joint surface compression, and combined joint dislocation between the two groups. However, there was a statistically significant difference in the frequency distribution of compression volume in the weight-bearing area of the femoral head after surgery (χ 2=22.047, P<0.001). In patients with large, medium, and small-volume compression of the femoral head weight-bearing area, the surgery failure rates were 92%, 80%, and 7%, respectively. The large and medium-volume compression of the femoral head weight-bearing area were independent risk factors for surgical failure. Conclusion:Open reduction and internal fixation can be used to treat elderly patients with acetabular fractures combined with femoral head compression injury. Despite satisfactory reduction for acetabular fractures, the larger volume of femoral head compression affects the clinical outcomes with extremely high rate of surgical failure within 2 years.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 592-596, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between location of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis and incidence of pulmonary embolism in patients with lower extremity fracture during hospitalization.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 1,620 patients who had been treated for lower extremity fracture and deep vein thrombosis from October 2014 to November 2019 at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Honghui Hospital. They were 726 males and 894 females, aged from 18 to 98 years (average, 64.0 years). By the anatomical location of thrombosis, they were divided into a proximal thrombosis group and a distal thrombosis group; by the laterality of thrombosis, they were divided into a bilateral thrombosis group and a unilateral thrombosis group which was further divided into a left thrombosis subgroup and a right thrombosis subgroup. The incidences of pulmonary embolism were compared between 2 corresponding groups and subgroups.Results:Pulmonary embolism occurred in 13 of the 1,400 patients with distal thrombosis and in 12 of the 220 patients with proximal thrombosis; the incidence of pulmonary embolism in the proximal thrombosis group (5.45%, 12/220) was significantly higher than that in the distal thrombosis group (0.93%, 13/1,400) ( P<0.001). Pulmonary embolism occurred in 10 of the 337 patients with bilateral thrombosis and in 15 of the 1,283 patients with unilateral thrombosis; the incidence of pulmonary embolism in the bilateral thrombosis subgroup (2.97%, 10/337) was significantly higher than that in the unilateral thrombosis group (1.17%, 15/1,283) ( P=0.017). Pulmonary embolism occurred in 5 of the 677 patients with left thrombosis and in 10 of the 606 patients with right thrombosis; the incidence of pulmonary embolism in the right thrombosis subgroup (1.65%, 10/606) was insignificantly higher than that in the left thrombosis subgroup (0.74%, 5/677) ( P=0.129). Conclusions:In patients with lower extremity fracture, those with proximal or bilateral thrombosis are more prone to pulmonary embolism than those with distal or unilateral thrombosis, but the possibility of pulmonary embolism cannot be ignored clinically in those with distal or unilateral thrombosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 150-158, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify 24 <italic>Rana</italic> species such as <italic>Rana dybowskii</italic> by mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (<italic>CO</italic>Ⅰ) gene-based DNA barcoding and build the neighbour-joining (NJ) tree for hierarchical cluster analysis, so as to provide a basis for the identification and classification of <italic>Rana</italic> species as well as the discovery of new species. Method:<italic>R. dybowskii</italic>, <italic>R. chensinensis</italic>, <italic>R. amurensis</italic>, <italic>R. culaiensi</italic>s, and <italic>R. huanrenesis</italic>, ten for each species, were collected for DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification<italic> </italic>and sequencing. A total of 50 <italic>CO</italic>Ⅰ gene sequences were obtained. Then 163 <italic>CO</italic>Ⅰ gene sequences for 24 species of <italic>Rana</italic> and one <italic>CO</italic>Ⅰ gene sequence for <italic>Pelophylax</italic>,<italic> Odorrana</italic>, <italic>Nidirana</italic>, <italic>Hylarana</italic>, and <italic>Amolops</italic> were harvested from GenBank. After sequence alignment by MEGA X, the parsimony-informative sites of <italic>CO</italic>Ⅰ gene sequences were analyzed and the intraspecific and interspecific genetic distances were calculated, followed by the built of NJ tree and hierarchical cluster analysis. Result:The <italic>CO</italic>Ⅰ gene sequences of 24<italic> Rana</italic> species including <italic>R. dybowskii</italic> were 554 bp in length and there were 210 parsimony-informative sites in total. The intraspecific genetic distance of each species was smaller than 2%. Except that the interspecific genetic distance between <italic>R. sangzhiensis</italic> and <italic>R. zhengi</italic> was 0.004, the genetic distances between the other species ranged from 0.024 to 0.228. <italic>R. sangzhiensis</italic> and <italic>R. zhengi</italic> were clustered into one branch and some <italic>R. dybowskii</italic> and <italic>R. uenoi</italic> into one branch. There were two separate branches for <italic>R. chensinensis</italic> and the other species were all clustered independently. Conclusion:<italic>CO</italic>Ⅰ-based DNA barcoding enabled the identification of 24 species of <italic>Rana</italic> including <italic>R.dybowskii</italic>. The findings supported that <italic>R. sangzhiensis</italic>, <italic>R. zhengi</italic>, <italic>R. coreana</italic>, and <italic>R. kunyuensis</italic> were the same species. One branch of <italic>R. chensinensis </italic>might be one of the four undownloaded species in Ranidae or a new species. The results have demonstrated that <italic>CO</italic>Ⅰ-based DNA barcoding allows not only the identification of 24 species of Rana including <italic>R. dybowskii </italic>but also the classification of ranidae species and the discovery of new species or subspecies.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 597-601, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876410

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand and compare the differences in help-seeking behavior among junior high school students and senior high school students and their association with non-suicidal self-injury to provide a basis for the prevention and control of non-suicidal self-injury among middle school students.@*Methods@#Three middle schools in Nanchang were selected,and the survey were conducted among 4 434 students through the General Situation Questionnaire, the Ottawa Self-injury Judgment Entry, and the Middle School Students Help Seeking Behavior Questionnaire, and SPSS 22.0 was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#The NSSI detection rate among middle school students was 33.3% , and junior high school students detection rate(36.0%) were higher than high school students(29.6%) (χ 2=19.41,P<0.01). Differences in willingness to ask for help, asking for help from family and teachers, and talking face-to-face for help were statistically significant (all P<0.01) among NSSI participants and non-NSSI participants, for both junior high school and high school students. Females (OR=1.45), class cadres (OR=1.26), urban household registration (OR=1.45), frequent scolding by elders (OR=1.98) and a high academic burden (OR=1.39) all possible increased the risk of NSSI in junior high school students, while assistance to family members (OR=0.95) or teachers (OR=0.95) possible reduced the risk of NSSI in junior high school students. Females (OR=1.50), class cadres (OR=1.34), only children (OR=1.45), fathers with college education and above (compared to junior high school and below) (OR=1.56), frequent scolding by elders (OR=2.08), frequent corporal punishment from elders (OR=4.12) and high academic burden (OR=1.38) possibly increased the risk of NSSI among high school students, while willingness to ask for help (OR=0.82), asking for help from family (OR=0.95) and teachers (OR=0.96) possible reduced the risk of NSSI among high school students.@*Conclusion@#There are some differences in help-seeking behavior between junior and high school students, and school and parents should actively focus on middle school students help-seeking behavior and encourage them to seek help.

16.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 442-444, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886775

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis and treatment of a local case with alveolar echinococcosis was presented. Based on clinical data and epidemiological surveys, this is a rare, local case with alveolar echinococcosis in Nanzhang County, suggesting the possibility of local transmission of echinococcosis. The prevention, control and surveillance of echinococcosis requires to be reinforced in nonendemic areas.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2205-2213, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921124

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) has been demonstrated to influence the keloid recurrence rate after surgery and to relieve keloid symptoms and other pathological processes in keloids. To explore the mechanism of the effect of HBOT on keloids, tumor immune gene expression and immune cell infiltration were studied in this work.@*METHODS@#From February 2021 to April 2021, HBOT was carried out on keloid patients four times before surgery. Keloid tissue samples were collected and divided into an HBOT group (keloid with HBOT before surgery [HK] group, n = 6) and a non-HBOT group (K group, n = 6). Tumor gene expression was analyzed with an Oncomine Immune Response Research Assay kit. Data were mined with R package. The differentially expressed genes between the groups were compared. Hub genes between the groups were determined and verified with Quantitative Real-time PCR. Immune cell infiltration was analyzed based on CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm analysis of gene expression and verified with immunohistochemistry (IHC).@*RESULTS@#Inflammatory cell infiltration was reduced in the HK group. There were 178 upregulated genes and 217 downregulated genes. Ten hub genes were identified, including Integrin Subunit Alpha M (ITGAM), interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-2, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor Type C (PTPRC), CD86, transforming growth factor (TGF), CD80, CTLA4, and IL-10. CD80, ITGAM, IL-4, and PTPRC with significantly downregulated expression were identified. IL-10 and IL-2 were upregulated in the HK group but without a significant difference. Infiltration differences of CD8 lymphocyte T cells, CD4 lymphocyte T-activated memory cells, and dendritic resting cells were identified with gene CIBERSORT deconvolution algorithm analysis. Infiltration levels of CD4 lymphocyte T cell in the HK group were significantly higher than those of the K group in IHC verification.@*CONCLUSION@#HBOT affected tumor gene expression and immune cell infiltration in keloids. CD4 lymphocyte T cell, especially activated memory CD4+T, might be the key regulatory immune cell, and its related gene expression needs further study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Keloid/therapy , Neoplasms , Oxygen
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 998-1007, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943000

ABSTRACT

Objective: Total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is one of the standard treatments for locally advanced rectal cancer. This study aims to investigate the safety and feasibility of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibody combined with total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced middle-low rectal cancer with high-risk factors. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was conducted. Clinicopathological data of 24 patients with locally advanced middle-low rectal cancer with high-risk factors receiving PD-1 antibody combined with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in Gastrointestinal Cancer Center, Unit III, Peking University Cancer Hospital between January 2019 and April 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Inclusion criteria: (1) rectal adenocarcinoma confirmed by pathology; patient age of ≥ 18 years and ≤ 80 years; (2) the distance from low margin of tumor to anal verge ≤ 10 cm under sigmoidoscopy; (3) ECOG performance status score 0-1; (4) clinical stage T3c, T3d, T4a or T4b, or extramural venous invasion (EMVI) (+) or mrN2 (+) or mesorectal fasciae (MRF) (+) based on MRI; (5) no evidence of distant metastases; (6) no prior pelvic radiation therapy, no prior chemotherapy or surgery for rectal cancer; (7) no systemic infection requiring antibiotic treatment and no immune system disease. Exclusion criteria: (1) anticipated unresectable tumor after neoadjuvant treatment; (2) patients with a history of a prior malignancy within the past 5 years, or with a history of any arterial thrombotic event within the past 6 months; (3) patients received other types of antitumor or experimental therapy; (4) women who were pregnant or breast-feeding; (5) patients with any other concurrent medical or psychiatric condition or disease; (6) patients received immunotherapy (PD-1 antibody). The neoadjuvant therapy consisted of three stages: PD-1 antibody (sintilimab 200 mg, IV, Q3W) combined with CapeOx regimen for three cycles; long-course intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with gross tumor volume (GTV) 50.6 Gy/CTV 41.8 Gy/22f; CapeOx regimen for two cycles after radiotherapy. After oncological evaluation following the end of the third stage of treatment, surgery or watch and wait would be carried out. Surgical safety, histopathological changes and short-term oncological outcome were analyzed. Results: There were 15 males and 9 females with a median age of 65 (47-78) years. Median distance from the lower margin of the tumor to the anal verge was 4 (3-7) cm. The median maximal diameter of the tumor was 5.1 (2.1-7.5) cm. Twenty patients were cT3, 4 were cT4, 8 were cN1, 5 were cN2a, 11 were cN2b. Ten cases were MRF (+) and 10 were EMVI (+). All the patients were mismatch repair proficient (pMMR). During the neoadjuvant treatment period, 6 patients (25.0%) developed grade 1-2 treatment-related adverse events, including 3 immune-related adverse events. As of April 30, 2021, 20 patients (83.3%, 20/24) had received surgical resection, including 19 R0 resections and 16 sphincter-preservation operations. Morbidity of postoperative complication was 25.0% (5/20), including 2 cases of Clavien-Dindo grade II (1 of anastomotic bleeding and 1 of pseudomembranous enteritis), 3 cases of grade I anastomotic stenosis. Pathological complete response (pCR) rate was 30.0% (6/20) and major pathological response rate was 20.0% (4/20). None of Ras/Raf mutants had pCR or cCR (0/5), while 6 of 17 Ras/Raf wild-type patients had pCR and 3 had cCR, which was significantly higher than that of Ras/Raf mutants (P<0.01). Nine of 16 patients with Ras/Raf wild-type and differentiated adenocarcinoma had pCR or cCR. Among other 4 patients without surgery, 3 patients preferred watch and wait strategy because their tumors were assessed as clinical complete response (cCR), while another one patient refused surgery as the tumor remained stable. After a median follow-up of 11 (6-24) months, only 1 patient with signet ring cell carcinoma had recurrence. Conclusions: PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer has quite good safety and histopathological regression results. Combination of histology and genetic testing is helpful to screen potential beneficiaries.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Apoptosis , Chemoradiotherapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/antagonists & inhibitors , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 365-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988378

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of heat shock protein (HSP) 105b in advanced adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) patients and its relation with clinicopathological characteristics and effect of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Methods We randomly divided 166 cases of advanced AEG who underwent open radical gastrectomy and lymphadenectomy D2 compartment into treatment group (prophylactic HIPEC of paclitaxel after operation) and control group (conventional treatment). Immunohistochemistry was used to detect HSP105b expression in postoperative tumor tissues, and to analyze its relation with clinicopathological characteristics and effect of HIPEC. Results The expression of HSP105b was only associated with tumor vein infiltration (t=4.002, P=0.045). The 3-year disease-free survival rate of the patients with high HSP105b expression was significantly lower than those with low HSP105b expression (56.5% vs. 64.8%, χ2=35.508, P < 0.001), and the disease-free survival rate of the patients with high HSP105b expression in treatment group was significantly lower than that with low HSP105b expression (60.7% vs. 71.5%, χ2=77.459, P < 0.001). Conclusion HSP105b can be used as a prognostic factor and its expression can predict the efficacy of HIPEC in the patients with advanced AEG.

20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 873-877, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) technique and Ointment in the treatment of foot skin defect.@*METHODS@#From November 2017 to April 2019, 21 patients (21 feet) with foot skin defect were treated with VSD technique and Ointment. There were 17 males and 4 females, aged from 24 to 60 years old with an average of (37.8±11.2) years, 9 cases caused by traffic accident injury, 6 cases by heavy injury, 6 cases by falling injury. The time from injury to operation was for 3 to 36 (8.6±7.2) h, and the area of foot skin defect was for 20.35 to 83.43(47.2±19.5) cm. All patients underwent debridement or phaseⅠtemporary fixation in emergency, and three-dimensional imagingof the foot was performed by using Mimics software, and the defect area was rendered. The quality of wound healing and complications were observed, and the clinical effect was evaluated by Maryland foot function score.@*RESULTS@#All the 21 patients were followed up for 7 to 17 (10.8±2.7) months. There was no infection or nonunion in all patients. At the final follow-up, the skin margin of the healing site grew tightly, the skin was elastic, the texture was tough, the appearance was no obvious carbuncle. The time of wound healing was for 18 to 63 (41.2±13.3) days. Eight patients underwent stageⅡfixation or/and fusion, and all incisions healed by stageⅠ. According to Maryland's foot scoring, 9 cases got excellent results, 11 good, and 1 middle.@*CONCLUSION@#VSD can effectively remove the necrotic tissue of the wound, provide a smooth drainage of the wound, combine with Ointment to prevent infection and promote the rapid growth of granulation tissue, whose whole treatment cycle was short, the wound healing site was highquality, the limb function was good, and the clinical effect was satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Drainage , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
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