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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 776-779, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877152

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between sedentary behavior with overweight or obesity in middle school students, and to provide policy reference for relevant departments.@*Methods@#Using the stratified cluster sampling method, a questionnaire survey and physical fitness test were conducted among 1 208 middle school students aged 13 to 18 in Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in October 2019. The associations between sedentary behavior and overweight or obesity among middle school students of different ethnic groups in Aba Prefecture were analyzed.@*Results@#The detection rate of overweight or obesity was Tibetan (14.0%)> Han (8.8%)> Qiang (8.2%), junior high school students (10.5%)> high school students (8.2%), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=19.34,13.62,P<0.05). Compared with the reference group, the detection rate of overweight or obesity among middle school students with time spent in the Internet for >1 h/d, reading extracurricular books >2 h/d, video games >1 h/d, and watching TV>1 h/d (23.7%, 19.6%, 27.8%, 26.7%) significantly increased(OR=1.26, 1.09, 1.38, 1.18, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Sedentary behaviors of middle school students of different ethnic groups in Aba Prefecture are positively correlated with overweight or obesity. Reducing the duration of static behaviors helps prevent and control the occurrence of overweight or obesity among middle school students.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862243

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the effect of RG108 on the proliferation and apoptosis of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines (A549, H1299) and explore its molecular mechanism. Methods: A549 and H1299 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with different concentrations of RG108. The cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by MTT assay and Flow cytometry, respectively. qPCR and Western blotting (WB) were used to detect the TFPI-2 mRNA and protein expressions as well as the expression of TMPRSS4 in cells. Meanwhile, the methylation status and degree of TFPI-2 promoter in cells were detected with Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) and colorimetry. Finally, siRNA-TFPI-2 and pcDNA3.0-TMPRSS4 plasmids were used to silence TFPI-2 or overexpress TMPRSS4, and then the changes in cell proliferation and apoptosis were detected. Results: After treatment with RG108, the proliferation rate of A549 and H1299 cells were significantly decreased (all P<0.05), while the apoptosis rate were significantly increased(P<0.05), the cell cycle were arrested in G1/S phase (P<0.05), and the intracellular mRNA and protein expressions of TFPI-2 were significantly increased (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Meanwhile, the methylase degree in TFPI-2 promoter region and the expression of TMPRSS4 in cells were all significanly decreased ( all P<0.05). After TFPI-2 silence, the proliferation levels of A549 and H1299 cells were significantly increased(all P<0.05); however, the apoptosis rate of A549 and H1299 cells were significantly reduced after transfection with pcDNA3.0-TMPRSS4(all P<0.05). Conclusion: RG108 can inhibit proliferation of A549 and H1299 cells and promote apoptosis by inhibiting the methylation of TFPI-2 and negatively regulates the expression of TMPRSS4.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1228-1233, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significant of VCAN and its related molecules in patients with MM.@*METHODS@#Ficoll density gradient centrifugation method was used to speared the bone marrow mononuclear cell in 25 cases of MM before and after treatment, the relative mRNA expression of VCAN and their related molecules (FAK, FN, MK, and HAS) in bone marrow was detected by real-time quantitative PCR, and their protein expression was determined by Western bolt.@*RESULTS@#The expression of VCAN, FK and FN in the effective group after treatment was significantly lower than that before treatment (P<0.05), however, the expression of MK and HAS showed no statistically significantly different before and after treatment (P<0.05). The expression of VCAN of patients in non remission group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The expression of FAK and FN of patients in no remission group was significant increased as compared with the patients in newly diagnosed group (P<0.05). The relative expression of VCAN mRNA in the patients at 3rd stage was significantly higher than those at the 1st stage (P<0.05) and control group but showed no significant difference to the patients at 2nd stage (P<0.05). The expression of VCAN and its related proteins (FAK, MK, FN) showed positively correlation in bone marrow mononuclear cells of MM patients (P<0.05). The correlation between VCAN and HAS was not statistically significant (r=0.259,P>0.05). Survival analysis showed that the relative expression of VCAN mRNA was associated with OS (P=0.049) and PFS (P=0.041) in MM patients.@*CONCLUSION@#VCAN and its related molecules are highly expressed in MM patients; VCAN may act as potential biomarker in the development of multiple myeloma.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , RNA, Messenger , Versicans
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1240-1244, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical significance of platelet closure time (PCT) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of 50 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in our hospital from July 2018 to November 2019 and 34 healthy persons underuent physical at the same time were collected. PCT induced by collagen/epinephrine (CEPI) and collagen/adenosinediphosphate (CADP) in peripheral blood were detected by PFA-200,and the clinical data included age, sex, leukocyte count, hemoglobin level, platelet count and level of serum creatinine, cystatin c, blood calcium, β-microglobulin (β-MG), bone marrow plasma cells, light chain protein, as well as the MM types, ISS stage of patients were collected.@*RESULTS@#The level of PCT in MM patients was significantly higher than that in healthy persons; the level of PCT were significantly increased with the increasing of ISS stage in newly diagnosed MM patients; After chemotherapy with bortezomib/dexamethasone (BD), the level of PCT in 15 patients who were responded to the treatment was significantly lower than those before treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#The platelet closure time is abnormal in MM patients, moreover, relates to the progress of the disease. It has an important clinical significance for the evaluation of diagnostic stage and therapeutic efficacy evaluation of MM patients.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Bone Marrow , Bortezomib , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Platelet Count
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793166

ABSTRACT

@#Objective: To investigate the expression of Artemin in chondrosarcoma and its effect on proliferation and migration of endothelial cells, and to explore the mechanism. Methods: A total of 40 chondrosarcoma tissue samples (low degree (Ⅰ), 20 cases; high degree (Ⅱ,Ⅲ), 20 cases) surgically resected from patients, who were treated in Lianyungang HospitalAffiliated to Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from May, 2015 to April, 2019, were collected for this study. Another 20 cases of normal cartilage tissue specimen from patients with amputations due to car accidents were served as control. The expressions of Artemin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Ki-67 and CD31+ vascular density in tumor tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry.After being treated with 10 ng/ml Artemin, the changes of VEGF, stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1), matric metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and MMP9 in the supernatant of SW1353 cell culture were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the effects of Artemin-treated chondrosarcoma cells on the migration and proliferation of ECV304 cells were detected by Transwell migration assay and MTT cell proliferation assay, respectively. Results: The expressions of Artemin and Ki-67 in the tissues of low-level group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.01); the expressions ofArtemin and Ki-67 in the tissues of high-level group were significantly higher than those in the low-level group (all P<0.01). The expression of Artemin was positively correlated with VEGF level and vascular density in chondrosarcoma tissues (all P<0.01);Artemin promoted the secretion of VEGF by chondrosarcoma cells, but had no significant effect on the secretion of SDF-1, MMP2 and MMP9. Artemin induced the proliferation and migration of ECV304 cells by promoting the secretion of VEGF by chondrosarcoma cells (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Artemin is highly expressed in chondrosarcoma tissues and has a positive correlation with the expression of VEGF and vascular density. Artemin can enhance the angiogenesis induced by chondrosarcoma.

6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 52-55, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983741

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Pityriasis rosea is a common papulosquamous disorder. However, its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear. Objective: We investigate the types of inflammatory cells infiltrating the lesional skin of pityriasis rosea and demonstrate whether T-cell-mediated immunity is involved in the pathogenesis of this condition or not. Methods: The biopsies were taken from the lesional skin of 35 cases of patients diagnosed with pityriasis rosea. The specimens were prepared in paraffin sections, then submitted to routine immunohistochemistry procedures using monoclonal antibodies directed against CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20 and CD45RO and horseradish peroxidase-labeled goat anti-human antibodies. The positive sections were determined by the ratio and staining intensity of positive inflammatory cells. Results: The mean score of positive CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD45RO staining was respectively 3.74±3.88, 5.67±4.40, 2.94±3.42 and 7.68±4.33 in these pityriasis rosea patients (P<0.001). The percentage of positive staining was 54.29% (19/35), 69.7% (23/33), 40% (14/35) and 79.41% (27/34) (P<0.05). However, the staining of CD20 was negative in all samples. The mean score of CD3 staining in patients with time for remission ≤60 days (4.90±4.21) was higher than that in patients with time for remission >60 days (2.00±2.5) (P<0.05), whereas no statistical difference in the mean score of CD4, CD8 and CD45RO staining was observed. study liMitations: The sample size and the selected monoclonal antibody are limited, so the results reflect only part of the cellular immunity in the pathogenesis of pityriasis rosea. Conclusion: Our findings support a predominantly T-cell mediated immunity in the development of pityriasis rosea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , Pityriasis Rosea/pathology , Reference Values , Staining and Labeling , Time Factors , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Pityriasis Rosea/immunology , Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , Immunity, Cellular
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1602-1606, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigatc the curative efficacy of low dose rituximab for glucocorticoid ineffective on dependent ITP patients and its relation with sensitivity to glucocorticoid so as to provide reference basis for rational use of drugs in clinical treatmant.@*METHODS@#Seventy-ninth ITP patients enrolled in this study included the glucocorticoid-ineffective patients (19 cases) and glucocorticoid-dependent patients (60 cases). All ITP patients were treated with regimen consisted of high dose dexamethasone plus low dose rituximab (dexal-methasone 40 mg/d for 4 days per os, ritaximab 100 mg by intravenous infusion at D7, 14, 21 and 28 respectively). The patients after treatment were followed-up for 12 month, and the relation of patients sensitivity to glucocorticoid with therapentic response of rituximab was analyzed. The changes of Treg cell ratio and BAFF, IL-2 and sCD40L levels before and after treatment were detected by flow cytometry and ELISA respectively.@*RESULTS@#The overall response rate (ORR) of patients treated with above- mentioned regemen at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment was 79.7% (63/79), 69.6% (55/79), 63.3% (50/79) and 60.8% (48/79) respectivcly, out of which the ORR of glucocorticoid ineffective and glucocorticoid-dependent ITP patients treated with above-mentioned regimen at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment was 47.4% (9/19) vs 90.0% (54/60), 36.8% (7/19) vs 80.0% (48/60), 21.1% (4/19) vs 76.7% (46/60), 21.1% (4/19) vs 73.3% (44/60), and the difference between 2 groups was statistically significant. The detection of T reg cell showed that the T reg cell ratio in glucocorticoid- ineffective and dependent patients at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment was (1.70±0.43)% vs (3.47±0.72)%, (1.66±0.33)% vs (4.29±0.91)%, (1.71±0.37)% vs (4.44±0.97)%, (3.36±0.54)% vs (4.29±1.04)%, respectively. The detection of cytokines showed that the levels of BAFF, IL-2 and sCD40L in plasma of glucocorticoid-dependent patients at 1 month after treatment significanlly decreased (P<0.05), the levels of BAFF, IL-2 and sCD40L in plasma of glucocorticoid-ineffective patients although decreased at 1 mouth after treatment, but there was no statistical difference as compared with glucocosticoid-depenment patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of glucocorticoid-dependent ITP patients with rituximab is more effective. The regulatory effect of rituximab on the T-reg cells, BAFF, IL-2 and sCD40L may be one of its mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Dexamethasone , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Inosine Triphosphate , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Drug Therapy , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771897

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of CD45CD117 phenotype-abnormal cells (hereinafter referred to as "abnormal cells") for relapse and prognosis in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) within 2 weeks after the first complete remission (CR1).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with newly diagnosed AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) admitted in our department from July 1, 2014 to June 30, 2017 were analyzed retrospectively, and the relationship between clinical features at the initial diagnosis and the abnormal phenotype cells of CD45CD117 within 2 weeks after CR1 with the prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 91 patients with CD45CD117 abnormal cells were detected. The median age was 51 years old, the median WBC count was 11.60×109/L, and the median ratio of bone marrow blast cells was 0.35 at initial diagnosis. According to the FAB classification, 1 (1.1%), 7 (7.7%), 38 (41.7%), 20 (22.0%), 21 (23.1%) and 4 (4.4%) patients were classifice as M0, M1, M2, M4, M5, and M6, respectively. According to the NCCN risk stratification, 30 (33.0%), 51 (56.0%), and 10 (11.0%) patients were determined as good, moderate, and poor prognosis, respectively. The median ratio of abnormal cells within 2 weeks after CR1 was 1.8500 (0.0236-8.0000)%. The median time from initiation of induction therapy to the acquisition of CR was 46 days, median recurrence-free survival time was 319 days, and median overall survival time was 352 days. A total of 45 patients relapsed, of which 14 died; 46 patients did not relapse, of which 3 died. The cutoff of abnormal cells by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was 2.055% (Se=0.733,Sp=0.761). The abnormal cell ratio was>2.055% in 44 patients, the median ratio of abnormal cells was 3.075%, among which 33 patients relapsed and 12 patients died; the abnormal cell ratio was <2.055% in 47 patients, the median ratio of abnormal cells was 1.150%, 12 patients relapsed and 5 patients died. Regression analysis showed that WBC count>50×10/L and abnormal cell ratio>2.055% were independent risk factors for recurrence. The abnormal cell ratio>2.055% group had a 2-year RFS rate of 54.3% and a 2-year OS rate of 52.8%. The abnormal cell ratio<2.055% group had a 2-year RFS rate of 86.6% (P=0.018), and a 2-year OS rate of 85.3% (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For adult AML patients, CD45CD117 phenotypical abnormal cells ratio>2.055% within 2 weeks after CR1 is an independent risk factor for recurrence, which also is an dverse factor for RFS and OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Leukocyte Count , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1174-1179, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689510

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the risk factors and prognosis of hepatic chronic GVHD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 147 patients undergoing allo-HSCT from January 2013 to December 2016 were analyzed, the correlation between recipient age and sex, disease state, matched degree of HLA, donor sex, stem cell sources, ATG in GVHD prophylaxis, liver dysfunction during conditioning period, pre-transplant HBsAg, prior aGVHD and hepatic cGVHD were studied, and the correlation between hepatic cGVHD and prognosis were analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-two patients had hepatic cGVHD, cumulative incidence of 26.4%. In univariate analysis, pre-transplant HBsAgand liver dysfunction during conditioning period were not significantly related with hepatic cGVHD (P>0.05). In multivariate analysis, prior acute GVHD (HR=2.087, P=0.045) was the independent risk factor for hepatic cGVHD, ATG (HR=0.231, P=0.000) was significantly related with a lower incidence of hepatic cGVHD. In univariate analysis, patients with hepatic cGVHD had a lower 2 years relapse rate (P=0.038).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Prior acute GVHD is the independent risk factor for hepatic cGVHD, the ATG can significantly reduce the incidence of hepatic cGVHD. Hepatic cGVHD has been found to relate with a lower 2 years relapse rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transplantation Conditioning
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1074-1079, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301774

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of interfering ADAM10 on proliferation and apoptosis of multiple myeloma MM.1S cells, and its possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four pairs of shRNA-coding sequences directed against different sites of ADAM10 mRNA were designed and inserted into lentiviral vector plasimd pLVshRNA-EGFP(2A) Puro for constructing the sh/ADAM10-1, sh/ADAM10-2, sh/ADAM10-3, sh/ADAM10-4 and sh/Con. These plasmids and lentiviral packaging plasmids were co-transfected into the packaging cells 293FT, then the virus particles were collected and the viral titer was assayed after concentration, and these viral particles were transfected to MM.1S cells. The flow cytometry was used to sort GFPcells. Real-time quantitative PCR, and Western blot were used to detect the effect of interfering the ADAM10 gene by lentiviral vector mediated shRNA. The proliferation-inhibition curve was plotted by CCK-8 method, the cell viability and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V and 7-AAD staining, the transcripts of pro-apoptosis gene BAD, BAK, BIK, anti-apoptotic genes BCL-2, c-Myc and Notch1 target gene Hes-1 were detected by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Lentivirus vector was successfully constructed, that could specifically interfere ADAM10 expression. Interfering ADAM10 gene could inhibit the MM.1S cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. After the interferencing ADAM10 gene the mRNA levels of pro-apoptosis gene BAD, BAK and BIK were increased, and the mRNA levels of anti-apoptotic genes BCL-2 and c-Myc were reduced. Q-PCR results showed that the mRNA level of Notch1 were increased, but that of Hes-1 were reduced.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Down-regulated ADAM10 expression can significantly inhibit multiple myeloma MM.1S cell proliferation and promote the apotosis. Its mechanism may be related to Notch1 signaling pathways.</p>

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267166

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether administrating Abnormal Savda Munziq (ASMq), a traditional Uighur herbal preparation used for the prevention or treatment of diseases, affects hypertrophic scar (HTS) formation by using an established rabbit ear model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The HTS rabbit model was created by circular fullthickness skin excisions on both ears of rabbits. Twenty rabbits were randomized into four groups, with 5 rabbits and 60 wounds in each group. Group A was the control group, treated with normal saline daily. Groups B, C, and D were the treatment groups at three different doses of ASMq (400, 800, and 1200 mg/kg body weight, respectively, daily, by gastrogavage). Twenty wounds were randomly chosen from each group on the 40th day after treatment and specimen were examined. Scar elevation index (SEI) was analyzed with histological assessment, and ultrastructure analysis was analyzed with a transmission electron microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Groups B, C, and D demonstrated significant reductions in SEI as compared with the control group at 35.9% (P=0.0212), 48.2% (P=0.0108), and 52.7% (P=0.0103), respectively in a dose-response manner. SEI was lowered in Group D compared with Group B with a significant difference (P=0.015). However, there were no significant differences between Groups B and C, or between Groups C and D. Histological analysis showed that highdose ASMq (1200 mg/kg) could enhance the softening of HTS of rabbit ears and increase the compliance as shown in general. Ultrastructure analysis showed that with increased ASMq dose, the fibroblasts, pro-collagen, collagen, endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes were reduced gradually.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Orally administered ASMq significantly reduces the severity of HTS in the rabbit ear model. The findings of this study may have clinical implications on the management of human HTS.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Ear , Pathology , Female , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Rabbits , Wound Healing
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1628-1632, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272548

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of ADAM10 inhibitor GI254023X on the proliferation and apoptosis of multiple myeloma H929 cell line and its mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>H929 cells were treated with different concentrations of GI254023X, the proliferation-inhibitive curve was assayed and plotted by CCK-8 method, the cell viability and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V/7-AAD double staining. The cleavage of Notch1 protein (cleaved notch1) was determined by Western blot. The transcripts of Notch1 target gene Hes-1 were detected by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The GI254023X inhibited the proliferation of H929 cells in the time- and dose- dependent manners. As compared with the control group, the apoptosis of cells increased along with enhancement of GI254023X concentration; The expression of cleaved Notch1 was down-regulated after the treatment with GI254023X. The levels of Hes-1 mRNA transcripts in H929 cells was reduced in GI254023X treated group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GI254023X can remarkably inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of H929 cells. Its mechanism may be associated with inbihition of Notch1 activation.</p>


Subject(s)
ADAM Proteins , ADAM10 Protein , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Dipeptides , Down-Regulation , Humans , Hydroxamic Acids , Membrane Proteins , Multiple Myeloma , Receptor, Notch1
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 22(3): 364-370, May-Jun/2014. tab
Article in English | BDENF, LILACS | ID: lil-714844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: to investigate the quality of life and the associated factors on left behind elderly in rural China. METHOD: the research was conducted cluster sampling to select 456 elderly left behind when family members migrated out of rural China to participate in a cross-sectional study by completing a general data questionnaire and Quality of Life questionnaire. RESULTS: 91.5% of the elderly requested psychological counseling and education. For the elderly, scores for mental health (39.56±13.73) were significantly lower compared with Chinese standard data (61.6±13.7) (P<0.001). Age, chronic disease type, gender, residence pattern and economic support from children were the main psychological factors influencing this population. CONCLUSION: mental health is the most important factor influencing quality of life of elderly left behind when family members migrated out of rural China. Our study suggested a need to widely establish a general practitioner team for psychological intervention for improving rural elderly people's Quality of Life level, especially in the psychological domain. .


OBJETIVOS: investigar a qualidade de vida e fatores associados de idosos deixados para trás na China rural. MÉTODO: foi realizada amostragem por conglomerado para selecionar 456 idosos deixados para trás quando os membros da família emigram da China rural. Este é um estudo transversal com preenchimento de um questionário de dados gerais e de qualidade de vida. RESULTADOS: 91,5% dos idosos convidados solicitaram aconselhamento e educação psicológicos. Para os idosos, os escores de saúde mental (39,56±13,73) foram significativamente menores em comparação aos dados padrões chineses (61,6±13,7) (p<0,001). A idade, tipo de doença crônica, gênero, tipo de moradia e suporte econômico dos filhos foram os principais fatores psicológicos que influenciaram essa população. CONCLUSÃO: a saúde mental é o fator mais importante que influencia a qualidade de vida de idosos deixados para trás quando os familiares emigraram da China rural. Este estudo sugere a necessidade de criação de ampla equipe de generalistas para intervenção psicológica, com o intuito de melhorar o nível de qualidade de vida de idosos de áreas rurais, especialmente no domínio psicológico. .


OBJETIVOS: investigar la calidad de vida y los factores asociados a los adultos mayores que se quedan en las zonas rurales de China. MÉTODO: la investigación se realizó por medio de muestreo por conglomerados para seleccionar 456 adultos mayores que se quedaron cuando los miembros de la familia emigraron de zonas rurales de China, para participar en un estudio de corte transversal, completando un cuestionario de datos generales y cuestionario de calidad de vida. RESULTADOS: el 91.5% de los adultos mayores solicitó asistencia psicológica y educación. Para los adultos mayores, las puntuaciones de salud mental (39.56±13.73) fueron significativamente más bajos en comparación con los datos estándar de China (61.6±13.7) (p<0.001). La edad, el tipo de enfermedad crónica, el género, el patrón de residencia y el apoyo económico de los hijos fueron los principales factores psicológicos que influencian esta población. CONCLUSIÓN: la salud mental es el factor más importante que influye la calidad de vida de los adultos mayores que se quedan cuando los miembros de la familia emigran de las zonas rurales de China. Nuestro estudio sugiere la necesidad de establecer ampliamente un equipo médico general para la intervención psicológica para mejorar el nivel de la Calidad de Vida de la población rural de edad avanzada, sobre todo en el dominio psicológico. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Family , Mental Health , Emigration and Immigration , Rural Population , China , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343498

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate in vitro effect of abnormal savda munziq (ASMq) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human hypertrophic scar fibroblasts (HSFs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HSFs were divided into six groups to receive different treatments as group A (blank control group), group B-E (ASMq in different concentration), and group F(5-Fu). Each group contains six specimens. The HSFs were cultured in vitro. After culture for 48 hours, the CCK8 test and flow cytometry methods were used to detect the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proliferation of HSFs in the B, C, D and E groups was inhibited at G2/M period, while it was inhibited at G0/S period in group F (P < 0.05). The inhibition effect of ASMq (0.1-1.0 mg/ml) on the fibroblasts enhanced in a concentration-dependent manner. Flow cytometry analysis with annexin V-FITC and PI staining confirmed the apoptotic. When HSFs were exposed to ASMq at 1.0 mg/ml (group E) for 48 h, the percentage of apoptotic cells increased to (43.7 +/- 2.58)%, which was significantly higher than that of blank control group (2.2 +/- 0.59)%. The induced apoptosis effect was also increased in a concentration-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ASMq has a inhibitory effect on the proliferation and an enhancement effect on the apoptosis of fibroblast. ASMq could be used as an effective drug for treatment of hypertrophic scar.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Physiology , Cell Division , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Pathology , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Flow Cytometry , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Medicine, East Asian Traditional
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(12): 1195-1201, Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-659649

ABSTRACT

Prompt and accurate detection of rejection prior to pathological changes after organ transplantation is vital for monitoring rejections. Although biopsy remains the current gold standard for rejection diagnosis, it is an invasive method and cannot be repeated daily. Thus, noninvasive monitoring methods are needed. In this study, by introducing an IL-2 neutralizing monoclonal antibody (IL-2 N-mAb) and immunosuppressants into the culture with the presence of specific stimulators and activated lymphocytes, an activated lymphocyte-specific assay (ALSA) system was established to detect the specific activated lymphocytes. This assay demonstrated that the suppression in the ALSA test was closely related to the existence of specific activated lymphocytes. The ALSA test was applied to 47 heart graft recipients and the proliferation of activated lymphocytes from all rejection recipients proven by endomyocardial biopsies was found to be inhibited by spleen cells from the corresponding donors, suggesting that this suppression could reflect the existence of activated lymphocytes against donor antigens, and thus the rejection of a heart graft. The sensitivity of the ALSA test in these 47 heart graft recipients was 100%; however, the specificity was only 37.5%. It was also demonstrated that IL-2 N-mAb was indispensible, and the proper culture time courses and concentrations of stimulators were essential for the ALSA test. This preliminary study with 47 grafts revealed that the ALSA test was a promising noninvasive tool, which could be used in vitro to assist with the diagnosis of rejection post-heart transplantation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Graft Rejection/diagnosis , Heart Transplantation , /analysis , Lymphocyte Activation/physiology , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Endocardium/pathology , Graft Rejection/immunology , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1024-1027, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323499

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of Th17 cells in acute intestine graft-versus-host disease following allogenetic bone marrow transplantation(allo-BMT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mice were split randomly into five groups: normal control, irradiated, allo-BMT, allo-BMT + DMSO and allo-BMT + Halofuginone (HF) groups. HF was given intraperitoneally at a dose of 5 µg per mouse from -1 d to 10 d after allo-BMT. aGVHD symptoms were followed-up to perform clinical and pathogenic scores. The levels of Th1/Th17, interleukin-17 and interferon-γ were measured by flow cytometry at day 7 d. mRNA expressions of T-bet, RORγT, CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11 and CCL20 in intestine were evaluated by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Intestinal damages in allo-BMT-HF mice was more serious than in normal control and allo-BMT groups at day 14 after transplantation. At day 7, Th17 ratio in allo-BMT + HF group was significantly lower than in allo-BMT group. IL-17A was not detected, but Th1 ratio was higher in allo-BMT + HF. There was a similar increment in the relative expressions of T-bet in both allo-BMT and allo-BMT + HF groups. Expressions of CXCL9 and CXCL10 elevated in allo-BMT + HF group, which were significantly higher than those in allo-BMT group (P < 0.01). CCL20 expression significantly increased in allo-BMT group, but it was not detected in allo-BMT + HF group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Blockage of th17 cells differentiation exacerbated acute intestine graft versus-host disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Cell Differentiation , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Pathology , Intestinal Diseases , Pathology , Intestines , Pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Th17 Cells , Cell Biology , Transplantation, Homologous
17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 307-310, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346315

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical effect of minimal extracorporeal circulation (MECC) in blood conservation perioperatively coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 120 cases received simple CABG since August 2006 to October 2009 was analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were divided to three groups according to the mode of circulation support in-operation: MECC, conventional extracorporeal circulation (cECC) or off-pump, 40 cases in each group. Jostra MECC system with normal temperature was used in MECC group, and common membrane oxygenator with moderate hypo-temperature was used in cECC group. Collect the data of coagulation and the blood cytological examination perioperatively, the draining volume during the first 24 h after operation, and consumption of blood products perioperatively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Standard and logistic EuroSCORE were higher in MECC group than the others (P < 0.01). The operative time and the number of distal anastomosis of off-pump group were less than MECC and cECC groups (P < 0.05), while no difference between MECC group and cECC group. Intrinsic coagulation (activated partial thromboplastin time) were much more prolonged early postoperatively in cECC group, and higher than in MECC group and off-pump group at 2 h, 6 h and 12 h postoperatively (P < 0.05), but no difference in extrinsic coagulation (prothrombin time) among three group. Adjusted by hematocrit of the same sample, free hemoglobin level rose up during the ECC procedure and reached the maximum at the end of ECC in cECC group and MECC group, but the levels were more higher in cECC group than in MECC group (P < 0.05). The draining volume during the first 24 h after operation of cECC group was larger than MECC group and off-pump group (P < 0.05). Although the decreased platelet count perioperatively and more consumed of the blood products in cECC group, but no difference among the three groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MECC could reduce the ruin to blood cell and interfere to coagulation function during the conventional ECC procedure, decrease the postoperative draining volume and requirement of blood products.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass , Methods , Extracorporeal Circulation , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260134

ABSTRACT

To investigate the features of CT, ultrasonography and fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA) of morning glory syndrome, the data on CT, A/B-scan ultrasonography and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) were retrospectively analyzed in 8 cases of morning glory syndrome (MGS).Among those cases, 6 were examined with CT, 4 with FFA and 8 with A/B-scan ultrasonography.Results showed that the characteristics of CT, A/B-scan ultrasonography and FFA in MGS included:(1) The attachment spot of optic nerve became thin and vitreous body protruded to the posterior wall of eyeball with a spherical shape on CT image; (2) in the early period of FFA, hypofluorescence appeared on the optic, the abnormal arteriae and veins around the optic papilla were displayed clearly and in the late period, optic disc was stained with fluorescein; (3) on B-scan ultrasonogram, the vitreous cavity extended to the posterior pole and optic papilla, and projected to the basal part of muscle cones and thus the posterior part of vitreous cavity looked like an upside-down bottleneck. Sometimes the echogenic band of retinal detachment could also be seen. On A-scan ultrasonogram, both vitreous cavity and bottleneck showed no ultrasonic echoes and presented a base line without any evident wave crest. It is concluded that CT, A/B-scan ultrasonography and FFA could show the imageological features of MGS from different aspects, which helps clinicians to differentiate it from other diseases such as optic disc coloboma. CT and A/B-scan ultrasonography, in particular, are considered to be reliable imageological methods for the accurate diagnosis of MGS and are superior to the traditional techniques.

19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1649-1652, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275959

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analysis comparatively the primary clinic outcomes between minimal extracorporeal circulation (MECC) and conventional extracorporeal circulation (cECC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty cases accepted coronary artery bypass grafting from August to October at 2006 were divided into MECC group and cECC group at random, 20 cases for each group. Record and analysis of the general information, clinic data perioperatively, and complications postoperatively for each group were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no deference between groups in gender, anamnesis and preoperative cardiac function, while age (P < 0.05), standard EuroSCORE and logistic EuroSCORE were much more higher in MECC group than in cECC group (P < 0.01). Similarly, there were no deference in operative time, bypass time, ischemic time and graft number between two groups. Contrasted with cECC group, the values of cTNI were lower in MECC group at 2 h, 6 h and 12 h post-ECC (P < 0.01), oxygen index were higher post-operatively and there was a statistic deference at 12 h post-ECC (P < 0.05). The valves of ALT and TBIL in cECC group were higher abnormally at early post-ECC, and significant higher than in MECC group at 2 h, 6 h post-ECC of ALT (P < 0.05), and at termination, 2 h post-ECC of TBIL (P < 0.05). The values of activated partial thromboplastin time were almost at physiological status in MECC group, but were significantly prolonged in cECC group at early post-ECC, and were statistically longer than in MECC group at 2 h, 6 h, 12 h post-ECC (P < 0.05). The concentration of free hemoglobin in cECC group were higher than in MECC group peri-operative, and there was a statistic deference at 2 h post-ECC (P < 0.05). There were no deference between the two group in Cr, PLT and WBC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with cECC, MECC carries more biocompatibility, more safe and credible. MECC system can alleviate the organ injury postoperatively and decrease the incidence of complications, especially in high-risk patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass , Methods , Extracorporeal Circulation , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 44-47, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237834

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the relative factors of recent discovered atrial fibrillation (AF) following isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Classified the 649 cases undergoing isolated CABG from January 2005 to December 2006 to two groups according to whether AF appeared after operation. Collected the peri-operative data and operative strategy, then analyzed with single-factor analysis and Logistic regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of AF was 8.0% (52 cases), and 84.6% (44 cases) recovered sinus-rhythm leaving hospital. Age, standard European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation (EuroSCORE), ratio of high-operative-risk, left atrium diameter and ratio of left coronary artery dominance were higher in AF group than in non-AF group. Age, eject fraction, left atrium diameter, operative risk evaluation, left coronary artery dominance and anastomosis on right coronary artery were the relative factors of recent discovered AF following isolated CABG. But off-pump operation, prescription of adrenergic beta-antagonists pre-operatively and degree of coronary artery stenosis had no influence to AF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>AF following CABG is a result of common influence by many factors. EuroSCORE might forecast partially the incidence of AF following CABG. Improve the myocardial protection and reduce the surgical damage during operative progress maybe the mostly approach to decrease the incidence of AF following CABG.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Atrial Fibrillation , Coronary Artery Bypass , Female , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Risk Factors
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