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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 455-463, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016654

ABSTRACT

Thrombus is a major factor leading to cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Although fibrinolytic anti-thrombotic drugs have been widely used in clinical practice, they are still limited by narrow therapeutic windows, short half-lives, susceptibility to inactivation, and abnormal bleeding caused by non-targeting. Therefore, it is crucial to effectively deliver thrombolytic agents to the site of thrombus with minimal adverse effects. Based on the long blood circulation and excellent drug-loading properties of human serum albumin (HSA), we employed genetic engineering techniques to insert a functional peptide (P-selectin binding peptide, PBP) which can target the thrombus site to the N-terminus of HSA. The fusion protein was expressed using Pichia pastoris and purified by Ni-chelating affinity chromatography. After being loaded with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs), the fusion protein formed homogeneous and stable nanoparticles (named as PBP-HSA@Au) with a diameter of 17.7 ± 1.0 nm and a zeta potential of -11.3 ± 0.2 mV. Cytotoxicity and hemolysis tests demonstrated the superb biocompatibility of PBP-HSA@Au. Platelet-targeting experiments confirmed the thrombus-targeting ability conferred by the introduction of PBP into PBP-HSA@Au. Upon near-infrared ray (NIR) irradiation, PBP-HSA@Au rapidly converted light energy into heat, thereby disrupting fibrinogen and exhibiting outstanding thrombolytic efficacy. The designed HSA fusion protein delivery system provides a precise, rapid, and drug-free treatment strategy for thrombus therapy. This system is characterized by its simple design, high biocompatibility, and strong clinical applicability. All animal experiments involved in this study were carried out under the protocols approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Jiangnan University [JN. No20230915S0301015(423)].

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 225-231, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005429

ABSTRACT

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) has a short half-life, low bioavailability, poor tumor targeting and systemic adverse reactions in the physiological environment. In this study, phacoemulsification and nano-precipitation were used to synthesize didecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide (DDAB)/polylactic acid nanoparticles (PLA), then L-arginine (L-Arg) and glucose oxidase (GOx)-loaded nanoparticles (GADP) were prepared, and the in vitro antitumor activity was investigated.The particle size, potential, embedding rate and the ability to produce H2O2/NO of the nanoparticles were investigated. Meanwhile, in vitro cell cytotoxicity against human hepatoma cells (HepG2) was evaluated.The results showed that the prepared L-Arg-DDAB/PLA (ADP) nanoparticles were spherical particles. And the particle size and zeta potential were (225.7 ± 6.33) nm and (+23.5 ± 0.12) mV, respectively. The adsorption rate of GOx was 87.23% ± 0.02%. The drug loading of L-Arg was 15.6% ± 0.22%. The pH value of glucose solution and the amount of H2O2 showed that GADP had good catalytic activity. In vitro cytotoxicity experiments showed that blank nanoparticles were nontoxic, while the drug-loaded nanoparticles presented enhanced antitumor effect on HepG2 cells. And can inhibit tumor cell migration. The low dose nano-scale NO delivery system GADP can effectively inhibit the migration of tumor cells and kill tumor cells, thus producing therapeutic benefits.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4908-4918, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008661

ABSTRACT

Currently, the gut-organ axis has become a hot research topic. As increasing attention has been paid to the role of gut microbiota in the health of organs, the complex and integrated dialogue mechanism between the gastrointestinal tract and the associated microbiota has been demonstrated in more and more studies. Skin as the largest organ in the human body serves as the primary barrier protecting the human body from damage. The proposal of the gut-skin axis has established a bidirectional link between the gut and the skin. The disturbance of gut microbiota can lead to the occurrence of skin diseases, the mechanism of which is complex and may involve multiple pathways in immunity, metabolism, and internal secretion. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), the connection between the intestine and the skin can be established through the lung, and the interior disorders will definitely cause symptoms on the exterior. This paper reviews the research progress in the gut-skin axis and its correlation with TCM theory and provides ideas and a basis for cli-nical treatment and drug development of skin and intestinal diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Gastrointestinal Tract , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4663-4674, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008633

ABSTRACT

A method based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole linear ion trap-tandem mass spectrometry(UHPLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of 41 bioactive constituents of flavonoids, organic acids, nucleosides, and amino acids in Lysimachiae Herba. The content of multiple bioactive constituents was compared among the samples from different habitats. The chromatographic separation was performed in a Waters XBridge®C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) at 30 ℃. The gradient elution was performed with 0.4% methanol(A)-formic acid water(B) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), and the multiple-reaction monitoring(MRM) mode was adopted. According to the content of 41 constituents, hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA), orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA), and gray relational analysis(GRA) were perfomed to comprehensively evaluate the samples from different habitats. The results showed that the 41 constituents exhibited good linear relationship within the tested concentration ranges, with the correlation coefficients(r) greater than 0.999 4. The method featured good precision, repeatability, and stability with the relative standard deviations(RSDs) less than 5.0%. The average recoveries of the 41 constituents ranged from 98.06% to 101.9%, with the RSDs of 0.62%-4.6%. HCA and OPLS-DA separated 48 batches of Lysimachiae Herba samples from different habitats into three categories: the producing areas in Sichuan and Chongqing, the producing areas in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Jiangxi, and the producing areas in Guizhou. The content of 41 constituents varied among the Lysimachiae Herba samples from different habitats. The GRA results revealed that the Lysimachiae Herba sample from Nanchong City, Sichuan Province had the best comprehensive quality. The method developed in this study was accurate and reliable and thus can be used for comprehensive evaluation of Lysimachiae Herba quality and provide basic information for the selection of habitats.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Amino Acids/analysis
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2375-2383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999113

ABSTRACT

Krüppel-like transcription factor 2 (KLF2) plays a key regulatory role in endothelial inflammation, thrombosis, angiogenesis and macrophage inflammation and polarization, and up-regulation of KLF2 expression has the potential to prevent and treatment atherosclerosis. In this study, trichostatin C (TSC) was obtained from the secondary metabolites of rice fermentation of Streptomyces sp. CPCC 203909 as a KLF2 up-regulator by using a high throughput screening model based on a KLF2 promoter luciferase reporter assay. TSC significantly inhibited the adhesion of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) induced monocytes (THP-1) to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Western blot results showed that TSC decreased TNFα induced the protein expression increase of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and thereby inhibited endothelial inflammation. The results of histone deacetylase (HDAC) overexpression and molecular docking experiments showed that TSC upregulated the expression of KLF2 by inhibiting subtypes of HDAC 4/5/7. In conclusion, this study suggests that TSC up-regulates the expression of KLF2 through inhibiting HDAC 4/5/7 and thus inhibits TNFα induced endothelial inflammation, and it has the potential to prevent and treat atherosclerosis.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2754-2762, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999005

ABSTRACT

In this study, ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometer-MSE (UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE) combined with UNIFI analysis platform was used to rapidly analyze and identify the metabolites of hederagenins 3-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)]-α-L-arabopyranoside (Pulsatilla saponin D) and oleanolic acid 3-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)]-α-L-arabopyranoside (Pulsatilla saponin B7) and hederagenins 3-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-α-L-arabopyranoside (Pulsatilla saponin BD) in plasma and colonic tissue of normal and ulcerative colitis (UC) rats. The database and analysis methods were established based on the precise molecular weight of compounds, retention time, neutral loss and reported data, and then the final data were obtained by comparing with the blank control group, combining with the deviation and the cracking rule of the compound. The results showed that the glucoses, hydroxylation and dehydroxylation, methylation and demethylation, dehydrogenation, decarboxylation and hydrolysis of saponin D, B7 and BD occurred in the plasma and colon tissues of normal and UC model rats. This study will clarify the metabolic transformation of Pulsatilla saponins D, B7 and BD in rats, determine the prototype components and their metabolites that enter the body, and whether colon injury will affect their metabolism in vivo, so as to explore the possible anti-colitis effective components in the prototype or metabolites of Pulsatilla saponins D, B7 and BD. This experiment was approved by Animal Ethics Committee of Jiangxi Science and Technology Normal University (approval number: Y202227).

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 308-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical differences of dynamic condylar screw (DCS), locking compression plate (LCP) combined with DCS and medial anatomic buttress plate (MABP) combined with DCS in the revision of medial defective intertrochanteric fractures by finite element analysis.Methods:The femoral CT imaging data provided by a healthy adult volunteer were used to reconstruct the solid three-dimensional model of femur by Mimics 21.0 and Geomagics Studio 12. Evans-Jensen II B intertrochanteric fracture was established by Ansys Workbench18.0. The three-dimensional models of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA), DCS, LCP and MABP were reconstructed in Solidworks 2015. The PFNA was assembled with the fracture model, and then the PFNA was removed to establish the postoperative failure model of femoral intertrochanteric fracture and then simulated the fixation in the hip-preserving revision surgery of femoral intertrochanteric fractures: non-medial support reconstruction group (DCS); indirect medial support reconstruction group (DCS+LCP) and partial direct medial support reconstruction group (DCS+MABP). Finally, the forces on the hip joint of 70 kg normal people during standing (700 N), slow walking (1,400 N), brisk walking (1,750 N) and going up and down stairs (2,100 N) were simulated in Abaqus 6.14, the relative displacement and stress peak value of fracture end and stress distribution and stress peak value of internal fixation in different models were recorded.Results:At 700 N axial load, the relative displacement of fracture end fixed by DCS, DCS+LCP and DCS+MABP was 0.28, 0.13 and 0.09 mm; the peak stress of the fracture end was 49.01, 15.29 and 1.35 MPa; the peak stress of internal fixation was 230, 220 and 174 MPa, respectively. At 1,400 N axial load, the relative displacement of the fracture end of the three internal fixation methods was 0.56, 0.24 and 0.16 mm; the peak stress of fracture end was 108.49, 28.96 and 3.12 MPa; the peak stress of internal fixation was 469, 352 and 324 MPa, respectively. At 1,750 N axial load, the relative displacement of the fracture end of the three group was 0.70, 0.30 and 0.20 mm; the peak stress of the fracture end was 139.59, 37.57 and 4.17 MPa; the peak stress of internal fixation was 594, 421 and 393 MPa, respectively. At 2,100 N axial load, the relative displacement of the fracture end of the three internal fixation methods was 0.85, 0.35 and 0.23 mm; the peak stress of the fracture end was 170.05, 46.36 and 5.24 MPa; the peak stress of internal fixation was 724, 504 and 460 MPa, respectively.Conclusion:The partial direct reconstruction of medial support under the neck by DCS+MABP may have better biomechanical properties in the revision of medial defective intertrochanteric fractures.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 258-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the safety and efficacy of the " step-up approach" versus the " step-jump approach" in treatment of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN).Method:The clinical data of IPN patients who underwent step-up strategy or step-jump strategy treatment at the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from December 2018 to November 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. Propensity score matching (PSM) was done based on the nearest neighbor matching method (1: 1 ratio). After matching the baseline data (the caliper value was 0.01), a total of 62 patients with IPN were included, including 41 males and 21 females, aged (41.1±13.1) years old. Patients who were treated with the step-up strategy were included in the step-up group, while patients who were treated with the step-jump strategy were included in the step-jump group. There were 31 patients in each group after PSM, and the treatment effect of the two groups were compared.Results:Of the 62 patients with IPN, 43 received surgical intervention, and 19 were managed successfully using symptomatic anti-inflammatory treatment or percutaneous catheter drainage. The total hospitalization cost of patients in the step-jump group was significantly higher than that in the step-up group [122 000 (73 000, 179 000) yuan vs. 88 000 (46 000, 144 000) yuan, P=0.034]. The overall cure rate of IPN patients in the step-jump group was 93.5%(29/31). The 2 patients who died had type Ⅲ IPN. In the IPN patients in the step-up group were all cured, and the overall cure rate was 100%(31/31), with no death. There were no statistical differences between the two groups in the rates of death, postoperative complications, residual infection, debridement ≥2 times, and positive bacterial culture in blood or drainage fluid (all P>0.05). A total of 19.4% (12/62) patients had postoperative complications, including 4 patients with abdominal bleeding, 3 patients with new organ dysfunction, 2 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, 2 patients with gastrointestinal fistula, and 1 patient with venous thrombosis in both lower limbs. Conclusion:Both the step-up treatment strategy and the step-jump treatment strategy were safe and effective for treatment of IPN patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 485-490, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the long-term prognosis between open versus closed reduction and internal fixation in the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures.Methods:The data of 402 consecutive patients with unstable pelvic fracture were retrospectively analyzed who had been treated at The First Medical Center and The Fourth Medical Center, PLA General Hospital, and Strategic Support Force Specialty Medical Center from March 2011 to March 2017. This cohort was divided into 2 groups according to the reduction methods. In the open group of 194 cases subjected to open reduction and internal fixation, there were 133 males and 61 females with a median age of 43.0 (30.7, 51.0) years, and 35 cases of type B and 159 cases of type C by the Tile classification. In the closed group of 208 cases subjected to closed reduction and internal fixation, there were 115 males and 93 females with a median age of 45.5 (32.0, 56.0) years, and 40 cases of type B and 168 cases of type C by the Tile classification. The 2 groups were compared in terms of 12-items Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) scores [physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS)] at the last follow-up, time from injury to operation, frequency of intraoperative X-ray fluoroscopy, intraoperative and postoperative blood transfusion, operation time, and quality of postoperative fracture reduction.Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in the preoperative general data except for the gender, showing the 2 groups were comparable ( P>0.05). This cohort of 402 patients was followed up for 7.8(6.2, 8.8) years. At the last follow-up, the PCS [49.9 (45.4, 55.4) points] and MCS [53.1 (46.4, 57.6) points] in the closed group were significantly higher than those in the open group [48.2 (41.4, 52.7) and 46.5 (40.6, 53.6) points] ( P<0.05). The closed group incurred significantly shorter time from injury to operation [6 (5, 8) d] and operation time [180 (126, 260) min] than the open group [9 (6, 13) d and 240 (165, 334) min], significantly less intraoperative and postoperative blood transfusion [1.5 (0, 4.0) U] than the open group [5.0 (2.9, 8.0) U], significantly higher frequency of intraoperative X-ray fluoroscopy [104.5 (85.0, 132.0) times] than the open group [21.0 (18.0, 26.0) times], and a significantly higher excellent and good rate of postoperative fracture reduction (92.8%, 193/208) than the open group (86.6%, 168/194) (all P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of patients with unstable pelvic fractures, compared with open reduction and internal fixation, closed reduction and internal fixation can not only significantly shorten the waiting time and operation time of patients, reduce the transfusion during operation, but also achieve better fracture reduction to ultimately improve the quality of life of patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 478-484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the technical points and efficacy of gradual traction-unlocking closed reduction technique (GT-UCRT) for Tile C old pelvic fractures.Methods:From August 2012 to June 2021, 6 patients with Tile C old pelvic fracture were treated and followed up at Department of Orthopedics, The Fourth Medical Center, General Hospital of Chinese PLA. They were 4 males and 2 females with an age of (35.8±10.5) years. By Tile classification: 4 cases of type C1.2, 1 case of type C1.3, and 1 case of type C2; time from injury to surgery: 153.8 (64.3, 204.8) days. The 6 patients were treated with GT-UCRT. The time for gradual traction reduction, operation time, hospital stay, intraoperative blood loss and complications were recorded. The modified Matta score was used to evaluate the reduction quality of pelvic fractures, and the Majeed score was used to evaluate the pelvic function at the last follow-up.Results:The 6 patients were followed up for (40.3±22.9) months (from 12 to 72 months) after surgery. The time for gradual traction reduction was (26.7±4.6) days, operation time (119.2±4.6) minutes, hospital stay (11.5±2.9) days, and intraoperative blood loss (533.3±189.6) mL. By the modified Matta score, the pelvic reduction after surgery was rated as satisfactory in 5 cases and as unsatisfactory in 1 case. The length disparity between both lower limbs in the 6 patients was (6.9±1.6) cm before surgery and (1.0±0.4) cm immediately after surgery, showing a statistically significant difference ( t=11.135, P<0.001). One fracture healed 3 months after surgery and 5 fractures 6 months after surgery. The Majeed pelvic score at the last follow-up was (80.8±9.0) points for the 6 patients, yielding 2 excellent cases, 3 good cases and 1 fair case. Delayed wound healing was reported in 1 patient, calf intermuscular venous thrombosis in 2 cases, and emotional anxiety and sleep disorder in 1 patient. No new lumbosacral plexus injury was found in any patient. Conclusions:In the treatment of Tile C old pelvic fractures, since our self-designed GT-UCRT combines the advantages of Ilizarov technique and unlocking closed reduction technique, it can not only protect the lumbosacral plexus but also obtain satisfactory reduction of the fracture.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 596-600, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and significance of microRNA-21 (miRNA-21) and microRNA-181b (miRNA-181b) in the peripheral blood of patients with schizophrenia.Methods:A total of 100 patients with schizophrenia who received treatment in Shaoxing 7 th People's Hospital from March 2020 to March 2022 were included in the study group. An additional 30 healthy controls who concurrently underwent physical examination were included in the control group. The expression of miRNA-21 and miRNA-181b in peripheral blood was compared between the two groups. The 100 patients with schizophrenia received standardized clinical treatment. Their mental symptoms were evaluated with the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS). miRNA-21 and miRNA-181b expression and PANSS scores before and 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after treatment were collected and compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic curve was plotted to analyze the value of miRNA-21 and miRNA-181b expression in the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Results:Serum miRNA-21 and miRNA-181b expression in the study group were (2.41 ± 1.12) and (15.62 ± 2.26), respectively, which were significantly higher than (0.73 ± 0.37) and (8.11 ± 0.98) in the control group ( t = 8.07,17.67, both P < 0.05). With the prolongation of treatment time, serum miRNA-21 and miRNA-181b expression and PANSS score in the study group gradually decreased (all P < 0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve plotted for evaluating the value of miRNA-21 and miRNA-181b expression in the diagnosis of schizophrenia was 0.616 and 0.683, respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve plotted for evaluating the value of miRNA-21 combined with miRNA-181b expression in the diagnosis of schizophrenia was 0.788, which was markedly higher than that for the detection of miRNA-21 or miRNA-181b expression alone. Conclusion:miRNA-21 and miRNA-181b are abnormally highly expressed in the peripheral blood of patients with schizophrenia. Both of them can be used as objective and effective indicators for early diagnosis of schizophrenia. Combined detection of miRNA-21 and miRNA-181b provides higher accuracy in the diagnosis of schizophrenia than the detection of miRNA-21 or miRNA-181b alone.

12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 186-192, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971058

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the association between maternal job burnout and adolescent depression and the mediating effect of maternal depression and parenting style.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted. The cluster random sampling method was used to select 2 572 adolescents from 7 middle schools in Shanghai, China, from April to May, 2021. A survey was performed for these adolescents and their mothers. The research tools included a general information questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, short-form of Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran, and Children's Depression Inventory. A structural equation model was established, and the Bootstrap method was used to investigate the mediating effect.@*RESULTS@#The detection rate of depressive symptoms was 12.71% (327/2 572) among the adolescents. The scores of maternal job burnout, maternal depression, and negative parenting style were positively correlated with the score of adolescent depression (P<0.05), and the score of positive parenting style was negatively correlated with the score of adolescent depression (P<0.05). Maternal depression and parenting style played a mediating role between maternal job burnout and adolescent depression, including the individual mediating effect of maternal depression, the individual mediating effect of positive parenting style, and the chain mediating effect of maternal depression-negative/positive parenting style.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Maternal job burnout may affect adolescent depression through the mediating effect of depression, parenting style, and depression-parenting style, suggesting that the symptoms of adolescent depression can be reduced by alleviating maternal job burnout, improving maternal depression, increasing positive parenting behaviors, and reducing negative parenting behaviors.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/etiology , Parenting , China , Burnout, Psychological
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 80-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the influence of family structure on depression and anxiety symptoms in adolescents and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The cluster sampling method was used to select the students from seven middle schools in Shanghai, China. An online questionnaire survey was conducted using a self-made general status questionnaire, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Children's Depression Inventory, and Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders. The methods including one-way analysis of variance, chi-square test, binary logistic regression analysis, and mediating effect analysis were used to evaluate depression and anxiety symptoms in adolescents and the difference in childhood trauma and its mediating effect.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the adolescents from nuclear families, the adolescents from three-generation lineal families had a lower risk of depression symptoms (OR=0.794, 95%CI: 0.649-0.972, P<0.05), while those from host families had a higher risk of depression symptoms (OR=4.548, 95%CI: 1.113-18.580, P<0.05). The adolescents from inter-generational families and host families had a significantly higher score on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire subscale of emotional neglect (P<0.05). Emotional neglect played a mediating role in the influence of inter-generational families and host families on depression symptoms in adolescents.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Parents and grandparents have a certain positive effect in family structures. Separation from parents may make adolescents perceive more emotional neglect, which may increase the occurrence of depression symptoms.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adolescent , Depression/epidemiology , Family Structure , Child Abuse/psychology , China , Anxiety/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 120-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes, management and prevention of complications after micro-incision percutaneous repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study indentyfied 279 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture who underwent a mini-invasive procedure using the micro-incision percutaneous Achilles tendon suture system(MIPAS) from August 2008 to November 2019, including 269 males and 10 female;96 cases on the right side and 183 cases on the left side;aged from 18 to 64 years old with an average of (36.9±11.4 )years old. Surgery was performed 0.5 to 7 days with an average of(2.7±0.9 )days after injury. The incision-related complications, re-rupture, sural nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis, Achilles tendon adhesion, local pain, and ankle stiffness within 18 months after surgery were recorded, as well as the corresponding management and outcome, the causes and prevention measures were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#No superficial or deep infection was found in all patients, symptomatic Achilles tendon adhesion and ankle stiffness were not observed, delayed suture foreign-body reactions occurred in 2 cases (0.7%), re-rupture in 5 cases (1.8%), sural nerve injury in 3 cases (1.1%), 21 cases(7.5%) with skin invagination at puncture site, 2 cases (0.7%) with symptomatic vein thrombosis, and 45 cases (16.1%) of transient posterior medial malleolus pain. After individualized treatment, the function was good. American Orthopeadic Foot & Ankle Sciety(AOFAS) score was 93 to 100 with an average of(98.9±5.4) scores.@*CONCLUSION@#Despite the occurrence of unique complications with MIPAS, it shows low functionally-related complications rates, such as incision-related complications, re-rupture, sural nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis and ankle stiffness.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Rupture/surgery , Sutures , Acute Disease , Suture Techniques
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3448-3461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981480

ABSTRACT

A comprehensive analytical method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole/linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was established for simultaneous determination of the content of 45 bioactive constituents including flavonoids, alkaloids, amino acids, phenolic acids, and nucleosides in Epimedium brevicornum. The multiple bioactive constituents in leaves, petioles, stems and rhizomes of E. brevicornum were analyzed. The gradient elution was performed at 30 ℃ in an XBridge~® C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) with 0.4% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1). Single factor experiment and response surface methodology were employed to optimize the extraction conditions. Multivariate statistical analyses including systematic cluster analysis(SCA), principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), and one-way analysis of variance(One-way ANOVA) were carried out to classify the samples from different parts and identify different constituents. Grey relation analysis(GRA) and entropy weight-TOPSIS analysis were performed to build a multi-index comprehensive evaluation model for different parts of E. brevicornum. The results showed that there was a good relationship between the mass concentrations of 45 constituents and the corresponding peak areas, with the correlation coefficients(r) not less than 0.999 0. The precision, repeatability, and stability of the established method were good for all the target constituents in this study, with the relative standard deviations(RSDs) less than 5.0%(0.62%-4.9%) and the average recovery of 94.51%-105.7%. The above results indicated that the bioactive constituents varied in different parts of E. brevicornum, and the overall quality followed the trend of leaves > petioles > rhizomes > stems. This study verified the rationality of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) stipulating that the medicinal part of E. brevicornum is the leaf. Moreover, our study indicated that the rhizome had the potential for medicinal development. The established method was accurate and reliable, which can be used to comprehensive evaluate and control the quality of E. brevicornum. This study provides data reference for clarifying the medicinal parts and rationally utilizing the resources of E. brevicornum.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Epimedium , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Chromatography, Liquid , Multivariate Analysis
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2949-2957, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981427

ABSTRACT

This study aims to improve the solubility and bioavailability of daidzein by preparing the β-cyclodextrin-daidzein/PEG_(20000)/Carbomer_(940) nanocrystals. Specifically, the nanocrystals were prepared with daidzein as a model drug, PEG_(20000), Carbomer_(940), and NaOH as a plasticizer, a gelling agent, and a crosslinking agent, respectively. A two-step method was employed to prepare the β-cyclodextrin-daidzein/PEG_(20000)/Carbomer_(940) nanocystals. First, the insoluble drug daidzein was embedded in β-cyclodextrin to form inclusion complexes, which were then encapsulated in the PEG_(20000)/Carbomer_(940) nanocrystals. The optimal mass fraction of NaOH was determined as 0.8% by the drug release rate, redispersability, SEM morphology, encapsulation rate, and drug loading. The inclusion status of daidzein nanocrystals was determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis(TGA), and X-ray diffraction(XRD) analysis to verify the feasibility of the preparation. The prepared nanocrystals showed the average Zeta potential of(-30.77±0.15)mV and(-37.47±0.64)mV and the particle sizes of(333.60±3.81)nm and(544.60±7.66)nm before and after daidzein loading, respectively. The irregular distribution of nanocrystals before and after daidzein loading was observed under SEM. The redispersability experiment showed high dispersion efficiency of the nanocrystals. The in vitro dissolution rate of nanocrystals in intestinal fluid was significantly faster than that of daidzein, and followed the first-order drug release kinetic model. XRD, FTIR, and TGA were employed to determine the polycrystalline properties, drug loading, and thermal stability of the nanocrystals before and after drug loading. The nanocrystals loaded with daidzein demonstrated obvious antibacterial effect. The nanocrystals had more significant inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa than daidzein because of the improved solubility of daidzein. The prepared nanocrystals can significantly increase the dissolution rate and oral bioavailability of the insoluble drug daidzein.


Subject(s)
Sodium Hydroxide , Acrylic Resins , Escherichia coli , Nanoparticles
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1147-1152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009202

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore relationship between intramuscular fat content of quadriceps femoris and clinical severity of knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#Totally 30 KOA patients were selected from February 2021 to June 2021, including 6 males and 24 females, aged with an average of (64.20±9.19) years old, and body mass index (BMI) was (24.92±3.35) kg·m-2. Patients were divided into relative severe leg (RSL) and relative moderate leg (RML) according to severity of pain on visual analogue scale(VAS). Musculoskeletal ultrasound was used to collect muscle images of quadriceps muscles on both sides of the patient, and Image J was used to analyze echo intensity (EI) of each muscle. Both VAS and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were used to assess pain and function. Quadriceps muscle EI on both sides of patients was compared. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to analyze correlation between quadriceps muscle EI value between RSL and RML, and linear regression was used to analyze relationship between each muscle EI and VAS and WOMA scores of patients.@*RESULTS@#The EI of RSL lateral vastus lateralis (VL) was 123.78±36.25 and RSL vastus medialis (VM) was 109.46±30.36 which were significantly higher than those of 108.03±31.34 and 93.32±26.04 of RML (P<0.05), but there was no statistical significance in EI values of rectus femoris (RF) on both sides (P>0.05). EI values of VL and VM on both sides were significantly correlated (P<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between VM EI value and VAS score in RSL and RML (P<0.05). VM EI values in RSL were positively correlated with total WOMAC (P<0.05), and VM VL EI values in RML were positively correlated with total WOMAC score (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intramuscular fat content of quadriceps is closely related to severity of clinical symptoms in KOA patients, and the most obvious one is VM. Therefore, the intramuscular fat content of quadriceps may be an objective indicator to evaluate severity of KOA patients. At the same time, reducing intramuscular fat content of the quadriceps muscle of KOA patients may be a new direction for the prevention and treatment of KOA.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Quadriceps Muscle/physiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnosis , Pain , Body Mass Index , Muscle Strength/physiology , Knee Joint
18.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1541-1547, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of pubic symphysis diastasis and provide effective reference for orthopedic surgeons in the diagnosis and treatment of pubic symphysis diastasis.@*METHODS@#The anatomy, injury mechanism, treatment, and other aspects of pubic symphysis diastasis were summarized and analyzed by reviewing the relevant research literature at domestically and internationally in recent years.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of pubic symphysis diastasis is high in pelvic fractures, which is caused by the injury of the ligaments and fibrocartilage disc around the pubic symphysis by external force. The treatment plan should be individualized according to the pelvic stability and the needs of patients, aiming to restore the stability and integrity of the pelvis and improve the quality of life of patients after surgery.@*CONCLUSION@#At present, the research on pubic symphysis diastasis still needs to be improved. In the future, high-quality, multi-center, and large-sample studies are of great significance for the selection of treatment methods and the evaluation of effectiveness for patients with pubic symphysis diastasis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pubic Symphysis Diastasis/etiology , Quality of Life , Pubic Symphysis/injuries , Pelvis/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery
19.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1049-1054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early effectiveness of transiliac-transsacral screws internal fixation assisted by augmented reality navigation system HoloSight (hereinafter referred to as "computer navigation system") in the treatment of posterior pelvic ring injuries.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was made in the 41 patients with posterior pelvic ring injuries who had been treated surgically with transiliac-transsacral screws between June 2022 and June 2023. The patients were divided into navigation group (18 cases, using computer navigation system to assist screw implantation) and freehand group (23 cases, using C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy to guide screw implantation) according to the different methods of transiliac-transsacral screws placement. There was no significant difference in gender, age, body mass index, causes of injuries, Tile classification of pelvic fracture, days from injury to operation, usage of unlocking closed reduction technique between the two groups ( P>0.05). The time of screw implantation, the fluoroscopy times, the guide wire adjustment times of each screw, and the incidence of complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. The position of the transiliac-transsacral screw was scanned by CT within 2 days after operation, and the position of the screw was classified according to Gras standard.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups. The time of screw implantation, the fluoroscopy times, and the guide wire adjustment times of each screw in the navigation group were significantly less than those in the freehand group ( P<0.05). There were 2 cases of incision infection in the freehand group, and the incision healed by first intention after active dressing change; there was no screw-related complication in the navigation group during operation and early period after operation; the difference in incidence of complications between the two groups (8.7% vs. 0) was not significant ( P=0.495). According to the Gras standard, the screw position of the navigation group was significantly better than that of the freehand group ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional freehand method, the computer navigation system assisted transiliac-transsacral screws internal fixation in the treatment of posterior pelvic ring injuries has advantages of improving the accuracy of screw implantation and reducing radiation damage and the time of screw implantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Wound Infection , Replantation , Body Mass Index
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 904-907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973774

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of interferon regulatory factor 4(IRF4)and soluble suppression of tumorigenesis 2(sST2)in conjunctival epithelial cells and tears of patients with dry eye.METHODS: A total of 94 patients with dry eye who admitted to our hospital from January 2019 to December 2021 were selected as the dry eye group, and 97 physical examiners who underwent ophthalmic examination were selected as the control group at the same time. The conjunctival epithelial cells and tears of the subjects were collected, and the clinical indicators, including tear film break-up time(BUT), corneal fluorescein staining(CFS)score, and Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt)were recorded. The levels of IRF4 and sST2 in conjunctival epithelial cells were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR), and the levels of IRF4 and sST2 in tears were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between IRF4 and sST2 levels in conjunctival epithelial cells and tears and clinical indicators of dry eye patients.RESULTS: The levels of IRF4 and sST2 in conjunctival epithelial cells and tears in dry eye group before treatment were significantly higher than those in control group(P&#x003C;0.001). The levels of IRF4 and sST2 in conjunctival epithelial cells and tears of dry eye patients at 4wk after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment(P&#x003C;0.001). The BUT and SⅠt of dry eye patients increased significantly at 4wk after treatment, and the CFS score decreased significantly(P&#x003C;0.001). The levels of IRF4 and sST2 in conjunctival epithelial cells and tears of dry eye patients before treatment were positively correlated with CFS score before treatment and negatively correlated with BUT and SⅠt before treatment(P&#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSION: The levels of IRF4 and sST2 in conjunctival epithelial cells and tears of patients with dry eye are increased, and are significantly correlated with BUT, SⅠt and CFS scores, which has potential to become a new therapeutic target for dry eye.

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