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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1280-1288, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970599

ABSTRACT

This paper compared the differences between two kinds of Bufonis Venenum produced by Bufo gargarizans gargarizans and B. gararizans andrewsi, and verified the rationality of the market value orientation of Bufonis Venenum based on the zebrafish mo-del. Twenty batches of Bufonis Venenum from Jiangsu province, Hebei province, Liaoning province, Jilin province, and Liangshan, Sichuan province, including B. gargarizans gargarizans and B. gararizans andrewsi, were collected. The UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS combined with principal component analysis was used to compare the differences between two kinds of Bufonis Venenum. According to the limiting conditions of VIP>1, FC<0.5 or FC>2.0, and peak total area ratio>1%, 9 differential markers were determined, which were cinobufagin, cinobufotalin, arenobufagin, resibufogenin, scillaredin A, resibufagin, 3-(N-suberoylargininyl)-arenobufagin, 3-(N-suberoylargininyl)-marinobufagin, and 3-(N-suberoylargininyl)-resibufogenin. The content of 20 batches of Bufonis Venenum was determined according to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) by high-performance liquid chromatography, and the 2 batches of Bufonis Venenum, CS7(8.99% of total content) and CS9(5.03% of total content), with the largest difference in the total content of the three quality control indexes of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(bufalin, cinobufagin, and resibufogenin) were selected to evaluate their anti-liver tumor activity based on the zebrafish model. The tumor inhibition rates of the 2 batches were 38.06% and 45.29%, respectively, proving that only using the quality control indexes of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia as the value orientation of Bufonis Venenum market circulation was unreasonable. This research provides data support for the effective utilization of Bufonis Venenum resources and the establishment of a rational quality evaluation system of Bufonis Venenum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zebrafish , Bufanolides/analysis , Bufonidae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Quality Control , Cell Line, Tumor
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 700-706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970539

ABSTRACT

Eleven compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the stems of Dendrobium officinale after water extraction by various modern chromatographic techniques, such as silica gel column chromatography(CC), octadecyl-silica(ODS) CC, Sephadex LH-20 CC, preparative thin layer chromatography(PTLC) and preparative high performance liquid chromatography(PHPLC). According to spectroscopic analyses(MS, 1D-NMR, 2D-NMR) combined with optical rotation data and calculated electronic circular dichroism(ECD), their structures were identified as dendrocandin Y(1), 4,4'-dihydroxybibenzyl(2), 3-hydroxy-4',5-dimethoxybibenzyl(3), 3,3'-dihydroxy-5-methoxybibenzyl(4), 3-hydroxy-3',4',5-trimethoxybibenzyl(5), crepidatin(6), alternariol(7), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxypropiophenone(8), 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxypropiophenone(9), auriculatum A(10) and hyperalcohol(11). Among them, compound 1 was a new bibenzyl derivative; compounds 2 and 7-11 have not been previously reported from Dendrobium plants; compound 6 was reported from D.officinale for the first time. Compounds 3-6 exhibited potent antioxidant activity with IC_(50) values of 3.11-9.05 μmol·L~(-1) in ABTS radical scavenging assay. Compound 4 showed significant inhibitory effect on α-glucosidase, with IC_(50) value of 17.42 μmol·L~(-1), indicating that it boasted hypoglycemic activity.


Subject(s)
Dendrobium , Biological Assay , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Bibenzyls
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 170-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in myeloma bone disease (MBD) and its effect on osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs.@*METHODS@#BMSCs were isolated from bone marrow of five patients with multiple myeloma (MM) (MM group) and five with iron deficiency anemia (control group) for culture and identification. The expression of PKM2 protein were compared between the two groups. The differences between osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs were assessed by using alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and oil red O staining, and detecting marker genes of osteogenesis and adipogenesis. The effect of MM cell line (RPMI-8226) and BMSCs co-culture on the expression of PKM2 was explored. Functional analysis was performed to investigate the correlations of PKM2 expression of MM-derived BMSCs with osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation by employing PKM2 activator and inhibitor. The role of orlistat was explored in regulating PKM2 expression, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of MM-derived BMSCs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control, MM-originated BMSCs possessed the ability of increased adipogenic and decreased osteogenic differentiation, and higher level of PKM2 protein. Co-culture of MM cells with BMSCs markedly up-regulated the expression of PKM2 of BMSCs. Up-regulation of PKM2 expression could promote adipogenic differentiation and inhibit osteogenic differentiation of MM-derived BMSCs, while down-regulation of PKM2 showed opposite effect. Orlistat significantly promoted osteogenic differentiation in MM-derived BMSCs via inhibiting the expression of PKM2.@*CONCLUSION@#The overexpression of PKM2 can induce the inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in MBD. Orlistat can promote the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via inhibiting the expression of PKM2, indicating a potential novel agent of anti-MBD therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipogenesis , Bone Diseases/metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Orlistat/pharmacology , Osteogenesis/genetics
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4115-4123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008607

ABSTRACT

Eight heterocyclic compounds and twelve phenolic glycosides were separated from the water extract of Dendrobium officinale flowers through chromatographic techniques, such as Diaion HP-20 macroporous adsorption resin column chromatography(CC), silica gel CC, ODS CC, Sephadex LH-20 CC, and preparative high performance liquid chromatography(PHPLC). According to the spectroscopic analyses(MS, ~1H-NMR, and ~(13)C-NMR) and optical rotation data, the compounds were identified as dendrofurfural A(1), 2'-deoxyadenosine(2), 4-[2-formyl-5-(hydroxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl] butanoic acid(3), 4-[2-formyl-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl] butanoic acid(4), 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde(5), 5-(methoxymethyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde(6), methyl 5-(hydroxymethyl)-furan-2-carboxylate(7),(S)-5-hydroxymethyl-5H-furan-2-one(8), 2-methoxyphenyl-1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(9), arbutin(10), isotachioside(11), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyphenol-1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(12), orcinol glucoside(13), tachioside(14), gastrodin(15), 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosylvanillyl alcohol(16), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxymethylphenol-1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(17), icariside D_2(18), 4-formylphenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside(19), and vanillin-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(20). Among them, compound 1 is a new furfural benzyl alcohol condensate, with the skeleton first found in Dendrobium. Compounds 2-9, 11, 13, and 19 are reported from Dendrobium for the first time, and compounds 14 and 18 are reported for the first time from D. officinale. Compounds 11 and 14 showed moderate DPPH radical scavenging capacity, and compounds 11-14 demonstrated potent ABTS radical scavenging capacity, possessing antioxidant activity.


Subject(s)
Dendrobium , Butyric Acid , Glycosides/analysis , Phenols/analysis , Heterocyclic Compounds , Flowers/chemistry
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 607-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986827

ABSTRACT

Intersphincteric resection (ISR) has been performed as an ultimate sphincter-sparing strategy in selected patients with low rectal cancer. Accumulating evidence suggests that ISR may be an interesting alternative to abdominoperineal resection to avoid a permanent stoma without compromising oncological outcomes. However, bowel dysfunction is a most common consequence of ISR not to be neglected. To date, limited clinical research has reported functional and quality of life outcomes according to patient-reported outcome measures. Also, data concerning management of low anterior resection syndrome are scarce due to lack of quality evidence. Therefore, this review provides an up-to-date summary of systematic assessment (including function, quality of life, manometry and morphology) and bowel rehabilitation for ISR patients. Postoperative anal function is often assessed by a combination of scales, including the Incontinence Assessment Scale, the Gastrointestinal Function Questionnaire, the Specific LARS Assessment Scale and the Faecal Diary. The condition-specific Quality of Life Scale is more appropriate for Quality-of-life measures in fecal incontinence after ISR. Patients' physiological function after ISR can be assessed using water- or high-resolution solid-state anorectal manometry. Anatomical and morphological changes can be assessed using defecography and 3D endorectal ultrasound. Electrical stimulation and biofeedback, pelvic floor exercises, rectal balloon training, transanal irrigation and sacral neuromodulation are all options for post-operative rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Anal Canal/surgery , Quality of Life , Organ Sparing Treatments , Fecal Incontinence
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 395-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984635

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the predictive efficacy of the two thrombosis risk assessment scores (Padua and IMPEDE scores) in venous thromboembolism (VTE) within 6 months in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) in China. Methods: This study reviewed the clinical data of 421 patients with NDMM hospitalized in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from April 2014 to February 2022. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and Youden index of the two scores were calculated to quantify the thrombus risk assessment of VTE by the Padua and IMPEDE scores. The receiver operating characteristics curves of the two evaluation scores were drawn. Results: The incidence of VTE was 14.73%. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and Youden index of the Padua score were 100%, 0%, 14.7%, and 0% and that of the IMPEDE score was 79%, 44%, 49.2%, and 23%, respectively. The areas under the curve of Padua and IMPEDE risk assessment scores were 0.591 and 0.722, respectively. Conclusion: IMPEDE score is suitable for predicting VTE within 6 months in patients with NDMM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
7.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 102-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875943

ABSTRACT

Objective In 2019, Laboratory of Shanghai Chongming Center for Disease Control and Prevention participated in national assessment of individual dose monitoring capability. By analyzing the results, this report summarizes the experience and shortcomings that will help improve the individual dose monitoring capability of the laboratory. Methods According to the requirements of the national assessment scheme for individual dose monitoring capacity in 2019, the assessment process and results were sorted out and analyzed one by one. Results The single group performance deviations(Pi values)between the measured values and references of the five groups were -0.04, -0.07, -0.05, -0.04 and -0.06, respectively. The overall bias(B value)of all groups was 0.003. According to the judgment standards, both the single group performance and overall performance were all qualified. Conclusion The individual dose monitoring system of the laboratory meets the requirements of the relevant national standards. The individual dose monitoring capability can be further improved by strengthening the quality control of the relevant procedures of the assessment.

8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3494-3503, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888000

ABSTRACT

In order to reveal the regional characteristics of nucleosides and amino acids in Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu,39 samples of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu collected from 4 different regions were analyzed by UPLC-QTRAP ~®/MS2 method followed by orthogonal partial least-squares discrimination analysis( OPLS-DA) and cluster analysis( CA). The results showed all the samples contained abundant nucleosides and amino acids,with the total content of 45. 09 μg·g~(-1) and 634. 80 μg·g-1,respectively. The samples presented significant regional differences in the contents of individual components,and the main differential components included Ura,Hpro,Thr,Glu,G5 P,2'-dG,Adeno,Met,Ade,Gln,Orni,Phe,2'-dA,Hit,Lys,and Ile. Among them,Ura,Met,Glu,and Ile had the highest content in the samples from Dafeng in Jiangsu,Qinhu in Jiangsu,Beijing,and Shishou in Hubei,respectively. OPLS-DA and CA demonstrated that all the samples of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu could be divided into three categories,reflecting the regional characteristics. The results indicated that the accumulation of nucleosides and amino acids in Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu was closely related to its habitat,providing a useful reference for the research on the quality formation,quality evaluation and control,as well as the comprehensive utilization of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu. The findings suggested that the content factors of Ura,Met,Glu,and Ile could be included into the quality standard system of Elaphuri Davidiani Cornu as the characteristics of medicinal materials from different regions.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Beijing , Cornus , Nucleosides
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3478-3486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887998

ABSTRACT

Elaphurus davidianus( Milu),a rare animal unique to China,has been used as medicine for more than a thousand years,but the extinction of Milu in modern times resulted in the unavailability of related medical products. Today,the reintroduction of Milu population makes it possible to restore its medicinal usage. The resource reserves of Cervi Cornu,the natural shedding product from Milu,are increasing with the expansion of the population,allowing it to be fully utilized in the medical field. Mijiao Pills,first recorded in Important Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergency( Bei Ji Qian Jin Yao Fang) by Sun Simiao in the Tang Dynasty,is the first Chinese medicinal prescription with Cervi Cornu as the sovereign medicinal,which is effective in tonifying. Its composition,preparation,efficacy and indications,and administration are described in detail in the Important Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergency,which however,have changed significantly over the thousands of years,seriously affecting the clinical application of this classical prescription and related product development. Therefore,the key information of this prescription should be systematically collated and summarized. According to the principles of textual research on key information in ancient classical prescriptions promulgated by relevant authorities,this paper reviewed ancient Chinese medical books of the past dynasties,modern literature,as well as the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China( 2020 Version) to figure out such key information as the source,historical evolution,original plants and animals and their processing,dosage,preparation,and usage of Mijiao Pills. This paper aimed to provide a basis for the clinical application of Mijiao Pills and subsequent product development,thus facilitating the development and utilization of this precious medicinal animal resource.


Subject(s)
Humans , Books , China , Cornus , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4774-4781, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888184

ABSTRACT

Indolealkylamines(IAAs) are the main hydrophilic substances in toad skin, mainly including free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine. In this study, the LPS-activated neutrophils were used to investigate the structure-activity relationship and anti-inflammatory mechanism of the above-mentioned five monomers from the toad skin in vitro. The neutrophils were divided into the control group, model group(1 μg·mL~(-1) LPS), positive drug group(100 μg·mL~(-1) indometacin), as well as the low-(50 μg·mL~(-1)), medium-(100 μg·mL~(-1)) and high-dose(200 μg·mL~(-1)) free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine groups. The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in the neutrophil supernatant of each group was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) after LPS stimulation, followed by the detection of apoptosis in each group after Annexin V/PI staining. The protein expression levels of caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2, beclin1, LC3-I, and LC3-Ⅱ were assayed by Western blot. The results showed that IAAs reduced the excessive secretion of inflammatory cytokines caused by LPS compared with the model group. Besides, the activity of each free IAAs(N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine and dehydrobufotenine), especially bufotenine, was stronger than that of the binding bufothionine. As revealed by Annexin V/PI staining, LPS delayed the early apoptosis of neutrophils compared with the control group, while bufotenine promoted the apoptosis of neutrophils in a dose-dependent manner, which might be related to the elevated expression of apoptosis-related protein Bax/Bcl-2. In addition, LPS activated the autophagy pathways in neutrophils. This study confirmed the efficacy of IAAs in reducing the secretion of inflammatory cytokines in neutrophils induced by LPS for the first time. For instance, bufotenine exerts the anti-inflammatory effect possibly by inducing the apoptosis of neutrophils.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Bufonidae , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Neutrophils , Skin
11.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 445-450, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of tuina plus Baixiao moxibustion in the treatment of temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome (TJDS). Methods: A total of 70 TJDS patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into an observation group and a control group by flipping a coin, with 35 cases in each group. Patients in the observation group were treated with tuina plus Baixiao moxibustion, while patients in the control group received oral intake of diclofenac potassium (75 mg/pill), 1 pill after every dinner. Both tuina and Baixiao moxibustion were done once a day during treatment. The therapeutic evaluation was evaluated after 10 treatments in both groups. The maximum mouth opening distance and visual analog scale (VAS) were observed before and after treatment, and the therapeutic efficacy was also compared. Results: After treatment, the maximum mouth opening distance and VAS improved in both groups (all P<0.05); both items in the observation group were superior to those in the control group (both P<00.05). The total effective rate was 91.4% in the observation group, versus 74.3% in the control group, and the between-group comparison of the total effective rate showed statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion: Tuina plus Baixiao moxibustion can effectively improve TJDS patient’s temporomandibular joint function and alleviate pain, with better efficacy than oral intake of diclofenac potassium.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1816-1821, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774380

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) for the treatment of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome(WAS).@*METHODS@#Five pediatric patients with WAS received single UCBT were retrospectively analyzed. The median age of these male patients was 268 days (range, 3 days -695 days). Among them, 2 patients were transplanted with a 6/6 matched cord blood graft,the other 3 patients received a 5/6 matched cord blood graft. Myeloablative conditioning regimen was applied, and all patients received a combination of cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil for the prophylaxis of graft versus host disease (GVHD). The recovery time of neutrophils and platelets as well as chimerism after transplantation were taken as the evidence of hematopoietic reconstruction.@*RESULTS@#All the five pediatric patients had hematopoietic recovery. A median time of neutrophil cells after transplantation was at 15.8 days (range,11 days -25 days), and platelet recovery was at a median of 20.4 days(range,12 days-30 days). Chimerism data were available for 5 patients at 30 days after UCBT, 4 out of the 5 patients had full donor chimerism and only one patient had mixed chimerism. There were 2 cases with pre-engraftment syndrome, 3 cases with acute GVHD gradeⅠ-Ⅲ, 4 cases with pulmonary infection and cytomegalovirus infection, but chronic GVHD was not observed in 5 cases. Four patients were alive with a median follow-up of 12.3 months (range, 5 months-17 months), and one patient had died at 22 days after UCBT.@*CONCLUSION@#Unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation is a safe and effective treatment method for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Treatment Outcome , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome
13.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 76-80, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311317

ABSTRACT

The molecular pathogenesis of T-2 toxin-induced cartilage destruction has not been fully unraveled yet. The aim of this study was to detect changes in serum metabolites in a rat anomaly model with articular cartilage destruction. Thirty healthy male Wistar rats were fed a diet containing T-2 toxin (300 ng/kg chow) for 3 months. Histopathological changes in femorotibial cartilage were characterized in terms of chondrocyte degeneration/necrosis and superficial cartilage defect, and the endogenous metabolite profile of serum was determined by UPLC/Q-TOF MS. Treated rats showed extensive areas of chondrocyte necrosis and superficial cartilage defect in the articular cartilage. In addition, 8 metabolites were found to change significantly in these rats compared to the control group, including lysoPE (18:0/0:0), lysoPC(14:0), lysoPC[18:4 (6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)], lysoPC[(16:1(9Z)], lysoPC(16:0), L-valine, hippuric acid, and asparaginyl-glycine. These 8 metabolites associated with cartilage injury are mainly involved in phospholipid and amino acid metabolic pathways.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1678-1680, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-721069

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe and analyze the safety and clinical efficacy of full-thickness scleral incision and <i>in situ</i> paracentesis in the treatment of patients with coexisting rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and choroidal detachment using minimally invasive vitrectomy. <p>METHODS: From April 2015 to April 2017, 20 patients(20 eyes)with coexisting rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and choroidal detachment who were treated in Department of Ophthalmology, Jiangsu Province Hospital were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. All patients received modified scleral puncture drainage combined with 23G minimally invasive vitrectomy. This study analyzed and compared intraoperative paracentesis success rate, the incidence of intraoperative, postoperative visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and postoperative retinal reattachment rate. <p>RESULTS: Suprachoroidal fluid from all patients were drainaged successfully. Compared with preoperative conditions, the postoperative visual acuity was significantly improved(<i>P</i><0.01). There was a significant difference in average intraocular pressure(IOP)between preoperative one and postoperative one(7.00±2.05mmHg and 15.38±2.66mmHg respectively, <i>P</i><0.01). The origin retinal reattachment rate was 90%(18/20), and the final retinal reattachment rate was 95%(19/20). <p>CONCLUSION: The modified scleral puncture surgery in the treatment of patients with coexisting rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and choroidal detachment in 23G vitrectomy has great clinical effects. It not only simplifies the procedure of operation, but also reduces the difficulty and complication of operation.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 379-381, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695205

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze and compare the clinical effect in treatment of degenerative entropion of lower eyelid with blepharochalasis between the modified orbicularis oculi muscle shortening procedure and orbicularis muscle shortening procedure.?METHODS:From January 2012 to August 2014, ninety-three cases ( 108 eyes ) diagnosed as involutional entropion of lower eyelid with blepharochalasis were enrolled in our study. According to different surgical methods, patients were divided into observation group (52 eyes in 47 cases) and control group (56 eyes in 46 cases ) . The observation group was performed on the modified orbicularis muscle shortening procedure, and the control group was using a simple orbicularis muscle shortening method. The general datum, short - term clinical effect and long-term clinical effect were collected to compared between two groups.?RESULTS:The age, gender and the course of disease were no significance differences between the observation group and the control group (P>0. 05). There was no statistical significance on the short-term effective rate ( P>0. 05 ) between the observation group and the control group ( 98% vs 95%, respectively ) . The long - term recurrence rate of the observation group was 2%, while the control group was 14%. It had a significance statistical difference between two groups (P=0. 033).?CONCLUSION: The clinical curative effect of modified orbicularis oculi muscle shortening procedure, in the treatment of lower eyelid entropion with blepharochalasis, is better than the orbicularis muscle shortening procedure's.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 813-817, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Recent research indicates that nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes cardiac repair following myocardial infarction by promoting angiogenesis and cardiomyocyte survival. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of NGF on cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) proliferation, cell cycle, migration, and myofibroblast transformation in vitro.</p><p><b>Methods</b>CFs were obtained from ventricles of neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats and incubated with various concentrations of NGF (0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 ng/ml; 0 ng/ml was designated as the control group). Cell proliferation and cell cycle of the CFs were measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and flow cytometry (FCM), respectively. A cell scratch wound model and transwell were carried out to observe effects of NGF on migration of CFs after 24 h of culture. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to measure α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) at mRNA and protein levels after CFs were incubated with various concentrations of NGF.</p><p><b>Results</b>Expression of α-SMA measured by RT-PCR and Western blotting significantly increased in the 1 and 10 ng/ml NGF groups (P < 0.05). Absorbance values of CFs showed that NGF did not influence the proliferation of CFs (The Avalues were 0.178 ± 0.038, 0.182 ± 0.011, 0.189 ± 0.005, 0.178 ± 0.010, 0.185 ± 0.025, and 0.177 ± 0.033, respectively, in the 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 ng/ml NGF groups [P = 0.800, 0.428, 0.981, 0.596, and 0.913, respectively, compared with control group]), and FCM analysis showed that the percentage of CFs in G0/G1, S, and G2/M phases was not changed (P > 0.05). The cell scratch wound model and transwell showed that CFs migration was not significantly different (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>NGF induces myofibroblast transformation but does not influence proliferation, cell cycle, or migration of CFs in vitro.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Actins , Metabolism , Cell Cycle , Physiology , Cell Movement , Physiology , Cell Proliferation , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Myofibroblasts , Cell Biology , Nerve Growth Factor , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 421-427, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690452

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of long noncoding RNA MALAT1 in the occurrence and progression of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-five tissue samples of CSCC and 10 normal epidermal tissues were collected for examination of the expression of MALAT1 using q-PCR and in situ hybridization. Human CSCC A431 cells were transfected with small interfering RNAs (siNC, siMALAT1-1, and siMALAT1-2) using Lipofectamine2000 to knock down MALAT1 gene, and the changes in the cell migration, invasion, mobility and proliferation were analyzed using Transwell assay, wound healing assay, and CCK-8 assay; the changes in the expressions of the related factors of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), including E-cadherin, vimentin, and β-catenin, were detected using qRT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal tissues, CSCC tissues of different grades of differentiation all showed significantly increased expression of MALAT1 (P<0.001). In A431 cells, MALAT1 knockdown with siRNAs resulted in significantly lowered cell proliferation (P<0.001), migration (P<0.01), invasion (P<0.01), and mobility (P<0.01). Knocking down MALAT1 gene also caused significantly increased expressions of E-cadherin and β-catenin (P<0.01) and lowered the expression of vimentin (P<0.01) in A431 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The long noncoding RNA MALAT1 promotes the occurrence and progression of CSCC and can potentially serve as a therapeutic target in treatment of CSCC.</p>

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2439-2446, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690190

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Standard automated perimetry does not sufficiently detect early open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in the clinic. New visual function tests for early glaucoma damage are therefore needed. The present study evaluated whether an isolated-check visual evoked potential (icVEP) could be used to detect visual function abnormalities in early-stage OAG and to explore potential related factors.</p><p><b>Methods</b>This was a cross-sectional study. Thirty-seven OAG patients with early-stage visual field loss (mean deviation ≥ -6.00 dB) detected by the Humphrey Field Analyzer (30-2 SITA program) and 26 controls were included in this study. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to detect retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defects. The icVEP preferentially evaluates the magnocellular-ON pathway. VEPs were recorded and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) were derived based on multivariate analysis. Eyes that yielded an SNR ≤1 were considered abnormal. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to estimate the accuracy of group classification. Correlations between SNRs and related factors were analyzed.</p><p><b>Results</b>Based on an SNR criterion of 1, the icVEP had a sensitivity of 62.2% and a specificity of 92.3% for diagnosing early-stage OAG with 74.6% classification accuracy. The ROC curve analysis, however, suggested that an SNR criterion of 0.93 would produce the highest classification accuracy (77.3%). Both RNFL thinning in the temporal superior quadrant on OCT and number of abnormal test points in the central 11° visual field (pattern deviation, P < 0.5%) significantly correlated with the SNR (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>The icVEP detected visual function abnormalities in approximately 3/5 of eyes with early-stage OAG with greater than 90% specificity. SNR correlated with both a decrease in RNFL thickness and severity of central visual field loss.</p>

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 414-419, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701345

ABSTRACT

Objective To study epidemic of schistosomiasis in the Qiandao Lake reservoir area,and to provide a reference for prevention and control of schistosomiasis in the construction of large water conservancy projects in the epidemic area of schistosomiasis.Methods The data over the years of snail condition and monitoring of schistosomiasis before and after building the dam,and water conservancy project reconstruction related information were collected.Based on the survey results of the river channel,the lake beach and the dissipation zone in the reservoir area,the influence of Xin'an River water conservancy project on epidemic of schistosomiasis in the Qiandao Lake reservoir area was analyzed,and the epidemic factors of the schistosomiasis in the Three Gorges reservoir were compared and analyzed.Results Before the dam was built,an area of 38 144 000 m2 was examined but Oncomelania was undetected.The Qiandao Lake reservoir area belonged to a non epidemic area of schistosomiasis.After the dam was built,557 cases of schistosomiasis were found in 6 232 immigrants during 1962-1965,resulting in an imported epidemic.In 1970-1980,an area of 379 654 m2 in which Oncomelania was found was examined and snails were mainly distributed in some rice fields and ditches in the end of the reservoir.949 cases of local schistosomiasis were found in the snails.The condition and condition of the snail are gradually controlled through several decades of comprehensive prevention and control.Compared with the epidemic factors of schistosomiasis in Qiandao Lake and the Three Gorges reservoir,the environment of elevation beach and ecologically fragile fluctuation zone coexist in the two reservoir areas.Conclusion From the long-term longitudinal monitoring data of the Qiandao Lake reservoir area and the epidemic regularity of schistosomiasis and the comparison with the ecology of the Three Gorges reservoir,it is concluded that the two reservoir areas will not cause a large range of schistosomiasis epidemic in general,but it does not exclude the possibility of the breeding of the inputting Oncomelania.

20.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 362-369, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229526

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of curcumin on fibroblasts in rats with cardiac fibrosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=12 in each group): the normal control, isoproterenol (ISO), ISO combined with low-dose curcumin (ISO+Cur-L), and ISO combined with high-dose curcumin (ISO+Cur-H) groups. ISO+Cur-L and ISO+Cur-H groups were treated with curcumin (150 or 300 mg•kg•day) for 28 days. The primary culture of rat cardiac fibroblast was processed by trypsin digestion method in vitro. The 3rd to 5th generation were used for experiment. Western blot method was used to test the expression of collagen type I/III, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was applied to test the proliferation of fibroblast.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Curcumin significantly decreased interstitial and perivascular myocardial collagen deposition and cardiac weight index with reducing protein expression of collagen type I/III in hearts (P<0.05). In addition, curcumin directly inhibited angiotensin (Ang) II-induced fibroblast proliferation and collagen type I/III expression in cardiac fibroblasts (P<0.05). Curcumin also inhibited fibrosis by inhibiting myofibroblast differentiation, decreased TGF-β1, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 expression (P<0.05) but had no effects on Smad3 in Ang II incubated cardiac fibroblasts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Curcumin reduces cardiac fibrosis in rats and Ang II-induced fibroblast proliferation by inhibiting myofibroblast differentiation, decreasing collagen synthesis and accelerating collagen degradation through reduction of TGF-β1, MMPs/TIMPs. The present findings also provided novel insights into the role of curcumin as an antifibrotic agent for the treatment of cardiac fibrosis.</p>

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