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1.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 713-719, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986136

ABSTRACT

Papilla preservation in periodontal surgery is not only beneficial to maintain postoperative aesthetics and good oral hygiene but also contributes to obtaining good periodontal regeneration outcomes. Various periodontal flaps have been designed to preserve the gingival papilla, which constitutes the clinical basis for periodontal open flap debridement and periodontal regeneration surgery. A comprehensive understanding of their design purpose, indications, and technical key points will help clinicians to choose the optimal surgical plan, and thus improve the clinician's treatment levels, and obtain good clinical outcomes. Therefore, this article aims to introduce the design background, indications, and technical key points of various surgical flaps, such as papilla preservation technique, modified papilla preservation technique, simplified papilla preservation flap, etc.

2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 694-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986133

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering has become a research hotspot regarding periodontal bone regeneration in recent years. Generally, stem cells used in periodontal tissue engineering are derived from healthy dental tissues, while restricted due to the strict indication of tooth extraction and limited sources. Stem cells in inflamed dental tissues mainly derive from inflamed pulp, periapical and periodontal tissues. Stem cells in inflamed dental tissues are abundant and retain most of the basic characteristics of stem cell compared with the ones derived from healthy dental tissues, which can be a promising source of stem cells for periodontal bone regeneration. In this review, we summarize the current application and prospect of stem cells in inflamed dental tissues on periodontal bone regeneration, and then discuss their feasibility as seed cells, in order to provide a reference for future research and clinical application of stem cells in inflamed dental tissues.

3.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 351-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986894

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacies between open surgery and axillary non-inflatable endoscopic surgery in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 343 patients with unilateral PTC treated by traditional open surgery (201 cases) and transaxillary non-inflating endoscopic surgery (142 cases) from May 2019 to December 2021 in the Head and Neck Surgery of Sichuan Cancer Hospital. Among them, 97 were males and 246 were females, aged 20-69 years. 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed on the enrolled patients, and the basic characteristics, perioperative clinical outcomes, postoperative complications, postoperative quality of life (Thyroid Cancer-Specific Quality of Life), aesthetic satisfaction and other aspects of the two groups were compared after successful matching. SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 190 patients were enrolled after PSM, with 95 cases in open group and 95 cases in endoscopic group. Intraoperative blood losses for endoscopic and open groups were [20 (20) ml vs. 20 (10) ml, M (IQR), Z=-2.22], postoperative drainage volumes [170 (70)ml vs. 101 (55)ml, Z=-7.91], operative time [135 (35)min vs. 95 (35)min, Z=-7.34], hospitalization cost [(28 188.7±2 765.1)yuan vs. (25 643.5±2 610.7)yuan, x¯±s, t=0.73], postoperative hospitalization time [(3.1±0.9)days vs. (2.6±0.9)days, t=-3.24], and drainage tube placement time [(2.5±0.8) days vs. (2.0±1.0)days, t=-4.16], with statistically significant differrences (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in surgical complications (P>0.05). There were significant diffferences between two groups in the postoperative quality of life scores in neuromuscular, psychological, scar and cold sensation (all P<0.05), while there were no statistically significant differences in other quality of life scores (all P>0.05). In terms of aesthetic satisfaction 6 months after surgery, the endoscopic group was better than the open group, with statistically significant difference (χ2=41.47, P<0.05). Conclusion: Endoscopic thyroidectomy by a gasless unilateral axillary approach is a safe and reliable surgical method, which has remarkable cosmetic effect and can improve the postoperative quality of life of patients compared with the traditional thyroidectomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopy , Thyroidectomy/methods
4.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 245-250, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981259

ABSTRACT

Objective To put forward suggestions for improving the scheme of general practice for functional communities from the perspective of supply and demand,guide the efficient use of the resources of general practice by the communities,and incorporate the general practice of communities into hierarchical diagnosis and treatment management. Methods In July 2021,stratified random sampling was employed to conduct the questionnaire surveys of the young and middle-aged (demand side) and the general practitioners (supply side),respectively.SPSS 20.0 was used for data analysis. Results The two sides had the same cognition about the main reasons for not signing a contract with a family doctor,which were the lack of knowledge about general practitioners and the lack of face-to-face communication opportunities.They had the same response about the form of services,with high acceptance of medical services via WeChat,outpatient consultation,and the internet.There were differences in service content between the two sides.The top three demands of the young and middle-aged were appointment registration and referral in superior hospitals,medication guidance,and massage,acupuncture,and moxibustion.The top service self-rated by general practitioners was personalized guidance and report interpretation of physical examination,and the bottom was massage,acupuncture,and moxibustion. Conclusions The general practice varies between the demand and supply sides.General practitioners should be encouraged to enter and learn functional communities and provide personalized services,thus improving the general medical service in functional communities.


Subject(s)
General Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 290-297, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015763

ABSTRACT

Glycosyltransferases (GTs) catalyze the transfer of sugar moieties from activated donormolecules to acceptors such as sugars, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Protein glycosylation is one ofthe most important post-translational modifications (PTMs). In recent years, increasing studies haveshown that glycosyltransferases are closely related to the virulence of pathogenic bacteria, and play a keyrole in adhesion, immune evasion, and host colonization. According to the features of three-dimensionalstructure, glycosyltransferases are classified into three groups (GT-A, GT-B and GT-C), among whichGT-A and GT-B folds are more common. Glycosyltransferases, which play a role in bacterial adhesion, adopt the GT-B or GT-C fold and glycosylate the surface proteins of pathogenic bacteria (adhesionproteins, autotransporters, etc.). It plays an important role in the adhesion of pathogenic bacteria, theformation of biofilm, and the virulence mechanisms. Glycosyltransferases take part in bacterial adhesionprocess of infection, and glycosyltransferases belonging to GT-A directly glycosylate host proteins andaffect host signal transduction, protein translation, and immune response. This review discusses thestructure of common pathogenic bacteria glycosyltransferases and the pathogenic mechanisms underlyingthese diseases of glycosylation. One kind of glycosyltransferases mainly modify their surface proteins, suchas the glycosyltransferase for specifically glycosylating high-molecular-weight(HMW) adhesion proteins, glycosyltransferases for glycosylation modification of serine-rich repeat proteins (SRRPs), bacterialautotransporter heptosyltransferase (BAHT) family, and N-linked protein system. The other kinds ofglycosyltransferases modulate host responses by directly modifying host proteins, such as Clostridium largecytotoxin, Legionella glycosyltransferase, and the NleB effector from enterobacteria. This review providesa reference for systematically revealing the pathogenic mechanism of glycosyltransferase in pathogenicbacteria, and contributes scientific knowledge in the development of pathogenic bacteria diagnosis, drugdesign, and vaccine development.

6.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 153-163, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to clarify the effects of sitagliptin on @*METHODS@#Healthy gingival samples were collected from the donors. HGFs were isolated with enzymic digestion method and identified. The effects of LPS and sitagliptin on cell viability were detected by cell-counting kit-8 (CCK8). The mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines, namely, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, C-C motif ligand 2 (CCL2), and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), were evaluated by quantity real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the secretion protein levels of IL-6, IL-8, and CCL2. Western blot analysis was used to further investigate the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway. The effect of NF-κB pathway inhibitor BAY11-7082 on LPS-induced HGF inflammatory cytokines at the gene level was verified by qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Low concentrations of sitagliptin (0.1, 0.25, and 0.5 µmol·L@*CONCLUSIONS@#Sitagliptin could significantly inhibit LPS-induced HGF inflammatory response by blocking the NF-κB signaling pathway activation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibroblasts , Gingiva/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sitagliptin Phosphate
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 568-576, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827462

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of disability among the older adults. Few treatments are safe and effective. Moxibustion is commonly used in treating knee OA in Chinese medicine (CM). CO Laser moxibustion device is a substitute for traditional moxibustion, which mimics the effects of traditional moxibustion. More data are needed to support its application in knee OA.@*OBJECTIVE@#ObjectiveThe trial aims to assess the effect and safety of CO laser moxibustion in patients with knee osteoarthritis compared with a sham control.@*METHODS@#This is a protocol for a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 392 participants were recruited and assigned to the CO laser moxibustion group and sham laser moxibustion group with a 1:1 ratio at 6 outpatient clinics in Shanghai, China. Participants in both groups received treatment at the affected knee(s) at the acupuncture point Dubi (ST 35) and an Ashi point. There were 3 sessions per week for 4 weeks, and an additional 20-week follow-up. Primary outcomes were changes in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain scores at week 4. Secondary outcomes were WOMAC function score, stiffness score and overall score, VAS pain, Short-Form heath survey (SF-36), and patients' global assessment. The serum levels of cytokines involved in progress of knee OA were explored. Safety was assessed during the whole trial. Masking effectiveness was assessed by both participants and treatment providers.This is a protocol for a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 392 participants were recruited and assigned to the CO laser moxibustion group and sham laser moxibustion group with a 1:1 ratio at 6 outpatient clinics in Shanghai, China. Participants in both groups received treatment at the affected knee(s) at the acupuncture point Dubi (ST 35) and an Ashi point. There were 3 sessions per week for 4 weeks, and an additional 20-week follow-up. Primary outcomes were changes in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain scores at week 4. Secondary outcomes were WOMAC function score, stiffness score and overall score, VAS pain, Short-Form heath survey (SF-36), and patients' global assessment. The serum levels of cytokines involved in progress of knee OA were explored. Safety was assessed during the whole trial. Masking effectiveness was assessed by both participants and treatment providers.@*DISCUSSION@#CO laser moxibustion device, designed as a substitute for CM moxibustion, is easy to use and control with no choking smoke and smell, and is a plausible method for double-blind research. This study would provide rigorous evidence for the effect and safety of CO laser moxibustion in treating knee OA (Trial registration No.: ISRCTN15030019).

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 586-590, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current status of job burnout and working capability in miners of a copper-nickel mine of Xinjiang Municipality and explore the relationship between miners′ job burnout and working capability.METHODS: A total of 1 254 miners in a copper-nickel mine were selected as study subjects by stratified cluster sampling method. The Chinese Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Work Ability Index Questionnaire were used to investigate their job burnout and working capability.RESULTS: The total score of male miners′ job burnout was higher than that of female miners(P<0.05). The total score of high school educated miners′ job burnout was higher than that of junior middle school and below, junior college, undergraduate and above education groups(P<0.05). The total score of smelting miners′ job burnout was higher than that of mining and ore dressing miners(P<0.05). College degree group, unmarried group, intermediate professional title or above group, monthly income of 4 000-yuan group and mineral processing unit group had higher working capability(P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that education level, type of jobs and job burnout level independently affect the miners′ working capability(P<0.01). The miners′ working capability decreased with decreasing education level and the increasing job burnout level(P<0.01). The working capability of ore dressing miners was higher than that of mining and smelting miners(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The working capability of copper-nickel miners is negatively correlated with their job burnout. Reducing job burnout can improve the working capability of miners.

9.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 521-527, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This investigation aimed to develop a novel self-healing and antibacterial dental resin composite. The effects of water immersion on its properties were also evaluated.@*METHODS@#Microcapsules filled with healing agent of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate were synthesized on the basis of previous studies. Antibacterial resin composite contained nano-antibacterial inorganic fillers that were modified by quaternary ammonium salt with long-chain alkyl. Microcapsules were incorporated into antibacterial resin composite at mass fraction of 7.5%. A commercial resin composite named Tetric N-Ceram was used as control. The resin samples were immersed in 37 °C distilled water for different periods. A flexural test was used to measure the mechanical properties of the novel resin composite. A single-edge V-notched beam method was used to measure fracture toughness and self-healing efficiency. A dental plaque microcosm biofilm model with human saliva as inoculum was formed. Colony-forming units (CFU) and lactic acid production of biofilm on the novel resin composite were calculated to test the antibacterial property.@*RESULTS@#Mechanical properties and fracture toughness decreased significantly after the composite was immersed in water for 30 days (P0.05). Water immersion did not weaken the self-healing capability of the composite (P>0.05), and self-healing efficiency of 64% could still be obtained even after 270 days. The antibacterial resin composite showed a strong inhibition effect on the biofilm metabolic activity versus water immersion time from 1 day to 270 days. Therefore, the composite could still have a promising antibacterial property even after being immersed in water (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Water immersion could weaken the mechanical properties of the novel self-healing and antibacterial resin composite, but it insignificantly affected the self-healing and antibacterial properties of the composite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Biofilms , Capsules , Composite Resins , Dental Plaque , Materials Testing , Methacrylates , Water
10.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 58-64, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The number of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) and the ratio between the number of metastatic LNs and the total number of retrieved LNs (the LN ratio [LNR]) have been proposed as risk factors for recurrence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, the significance of the number of LNs and the LNR in patients with clinically node negative PTC has not been clearly determined. The purpose of this study is to evaluate their significance. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 382 patients with PTC who had undergone total thyroidectomy with prophylactic central neck dissection (CND) between January 2000 and December 2010. We excluded patients with lobectomy, concurrent lateral compartment neck dissection, a follow-up period less than at least 2 years, number of harvested central LNs less than or equal to one, clinically positive LN, distant metastasis, recurrent cancer or other types of malignancy. The correlations between recurrence and various clinicopathologic characteristics including tumor size, extrathyroidal extension (ETE), stage, number of metastatic central LNs, and the LNR were investigated. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up period of 82.2±26.4 months, recurrence occurred in 14 patients (3.7%). Tumor size ≥20 mm, maximal ETE, presence of central LN metastasis, number of metastatic LNs ≥2, and LNR ≥0.31 correlated with recurrence in the univariate analysis. However, tumor size ≥20 mm, maximal ETE, number of metastatic LNs ≥2, and LNR ≥0.31 were significantly associated with recurrence in the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio=6.61, 7.17, 3.43, and 11.23, respectively). CONCLUSION: The LNR and the number of metastatic LNs are independent prognostic risk factors for recurrence in patients with clinically node negative PTC, and these factors can be used to guide postoperative adjuvant therapy and follow-up strategy after prophylactic CND.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 667-670,675, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792762

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify a strain screen which utilize dibutyl phthalate (DBP) as the sole carbon source and to explore the optimal conditions for the degradation of DBP. Methods The solid leachate was inoculated in minimal salt medium (MSM) supplemented with DBP as the sole carbon and energy source to isolate the targeted strain. The strain was identified through colony phenotype, transmission electron microscope and 16SrDNA gene sequence analysis. The targeted strain was inoculated to the above medium with different pH and temperature. The optimal temperature and pH of the microbial degradation of DBP were studied with determination of the DBP residue and bacterial biomass. Results One bacterial strain named L6 was isolated from the solid with adding DBP as the sole carbon source. Based on its morphology, physiochemical characteristics, and 16SrDNA sequence, the strain was identified as Methylobacterium sp. The optimal pH and temperature for its biodegradation activities were 7 and 30℃, respectively. The targeted strain could degrade 85% of 800 mg/L DBP within 120 hours. Conclusion Based on the high removal rate, the isolated Methylobacterium sp. L6 has a potential for bioremediation technology of DBP pollution.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1695-1700, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698599

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The clinical experience of the treatment of the sternoclavicular joint dislocation and peripheral fracture is relatively lacking, but its incidence is increasing yearly. At present, there are few studies on the anatomy and biomechanics of the sternoclavicular joint in and outside China, and no systematic anatomical measurements of the sternoclavicular joint are reported. OBJECTIVE: To provide a biological reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of sternoclavicular joint dislocation or peripheral fractures by studying the anatomy and biomechanics of the sternoclavicular joint. METHODS: (1) A total of 16 specimens (32 sides) of adult antiseptic and moist cadaveric specimens were selected. The complete manubrium, bilateral clavicle and surrounding tissues of sternoclavicular joint were anatomically separated, and repair to bone-ligament-bone specimen models. (2) The areas of manubrium articular surface and the medial clavicular articular surface of all specimens were measured by the ink pattern combined with grid counting method. (3) The morphological features of the anterior and posterior sternoclavicular ligaments of the specimens in this group were observed, and the length, width and thickness were measured and analyzed statistically. (4) The left and right sternoclavicular joints of each specimen were randomly paired into A and B groups. Group A received simply cutting of anterior sternoclavicular ligament. Group B received simply cutting of posterior sternoclavicular ligament. Before and after cuting off the ligament, the anterior and posterior load experiments were performed on the anatomical sites with the same force arm length and perpendicular to the distal clavicle. The angles of joints and load-angle regression line slopes were compared between the two groups in the anterior and posterior directions load. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The area of articular surface of manubrium (239.00±28.78 mm2) was smaller than the area of medial articular surface of the clavicle (482.56±44.89 mm2), and the difference was statistically significant (t=-40.105, P < 0.001). (2) The length, width and thickness of the anterior sternoclavicular ligament were (17.56±1.94 mm), (15.54±1.42 mm) and (1.93±0.32 mm), and the length, width and thickness of the posterior sternoclavicular ligament were (17.21±1.86 mm), (15.97±1.17 mm), and (2.07±0.29 mm) respectively;there was no significantly statistical difference in the length, width and thickness between them (P > 0.05). (3) Before cutting the ligaments, when the loads were 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 N, the angle backwards of joint caused by loads in the forward direction was less than the angle of forwards of joints caused by loads in the backward direction, but only when the loads were 6, 8, and 10 N, the difference between them was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The slope of the regression line of load-angle for the loads in the forward direction was less than the slope of the regression line of load-angle for the loads in the backward direction, with statistical difference (F=31.413, P < 0.001). After the ligaments were cut, when the loads were 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 N in the forward direction in group A and group B, the backward angulation of joint in group A was less than that in group B (P < 0.05). The slope of the load-angled regression line in group A was less than that in group B (F=52.224, P <0.001). When the loads in the backward direction in group A and group B were 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 N, the forward angulation of joint in group A was greater than that in group B (P < 0.05), and the slope of the load-angled regression line in group A was greater than that in group B (F=12.503, P=0.008). (4) These results suggest that contact area between the articular surface of the medial clavicle and the articular surface of the manubrium is narrow, which determines the instability of the joint itself. The sternoclavicular ligament is extremely important for maintaining the joint stability. The forward angulation of joint restriction effect of sternoclavicular ligament was weaker than that of the backward angulation, also because of the joint in the anatomical position of the natural forward angulation, so the sternoclavicular joint was prone to anterior dislocation. It is necessary to pay attention to the repair and reconstruction of sternoclavicular ligament when sternoclavicular joint dislocation or peripheral fractures are treated by operations.

13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 176-180, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808259

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the fatigue status of military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region, and to analyze the mediator effect of trait coping style on job stress and fatigue.@*Methods@#In October 2010, with the method of cluster random sampling survey, 531 military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region were chosen as subject. The fatigue status were evaluated by the Chinese version multidimensional fatigue inventory (MFI-20) , job stress were evaluated by the Job Stress Survey (JSS) , and trait coping style were evaluated by the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) .@*Results@#According to the information of different population characteristics, mean rank of physical fatigue about the urban (town) group were higher than that of rural group (Z=-2.200, P<0.05) ; mean rank of reduced motivation about the urban (town) group were higher than that of rural group (Z=-2.781, P<0.05) ; mean rank of general fatigue scores about the urban (town) group were higher than that of rural group (Z=-3.026, P<0.05) ; mean rank of physical fatigue about the up or equal 20-years old age group were higher than that of below 20-years old age group (Z=-4.045, P<0.05) ; mean rank of reduced motivation about the up or equal 20-years old age group were higher than that of below 20-years old age group (Z=-2.182, P<0.05) ; mean rank of mental fatigue about the up or equal 20-years old age group were higher than that of below 20-years old age group (Z=-2.879, P<0.05) ; mean rank of general fatigue scores about the up or equal 20-years old age group were higher than that of below 20-years old age group (Z=-3.647, P<0.05) ; mean rank of reduced motivation were significant statistical difference among the military officers, sergeancy and soldier group (F=18.965, P<0.05) ; mean rank of general fatigue scores were significant statistical difference among the military officers, sergeancy and soldier group (F=14.711, P<0.05) . The score of negative coping style were positively correlated with the score of physical fatigue (rs=0.129) , reduced activity (rs=0.123) , reduced motivation (rs=0.149) and general fatigue (rs=0.174) respectively, the score of organizational support lack strength were positively correlated with the score of physical fatigue (rs=0.090) , reduced activity (rs=0.098) , reduced motivation (rs=0.099) and general fatigue (rs=0.130) respectively. The mediator effect of negative coping style on the job stress and fatigue was 0.013 (P<0.01) .@*Conclusion@#The fatigue statuses of the urban (town) group and the up or equal 20-years old age group are poor, and the negative coping style plays mediator effect on the job stress and fatigue.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1611-1618, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662744

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the mechanism of the radiosensitizing effect of maximum non-cytotoxic doses of tetrandrine (Tet) on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines CNE1 and CNE2.METHODS:The cells were treated with maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet (for CNE1 cells at 1.5 μmol/L and for CNE2 cells at 1.8 μmol/L),irradiation at 4 Gy,or combination of irradiation and maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet.The cell cycle distribution was analyzed by flow cytometry.The protein levels of γ-H2AX,cleaved caspase-3,p-CDC25C,CDK1,p-CDK1,cyclin B1,ERK and p-ERK were determined by Western blot.RESULTS:The expression of γ-H2AX was increased in CNE1 cells and CNE2 cells after combined treatment with irradiation and maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet.The percentages of CNE1 cells and CNE2 cells at G2/M phase in irradiation group were (18.09 ±0.42)% and (18.48 ± 1.32)%,respectively,which were decreased to (15.88 ± 1.04) % and (13.80 ± 0.82) % in combined treatment group,respectively (P < 0.05).Combined treatment enhanced the increase in the protein level of cleaved caspase-3 caused by irradiation.The protein levels of pCDC25C and p-CDK1 were increased in a dose-dependent manner by Tet treatment (P < 0.05),while the expression of CDK1 showed no difference among different doses of Tet treatments.The protein levels of p-CDC25C,p-CDK1 and CDK1 showed no difference after the treatment with maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet.The combined treatment with irradiation and the maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet decreased the protein levels of p-CDC25C and p-CDK1 (P <0.05),increased the expression of cyclin B1,and had no influence on the expression of CDK1 ( P <0.05).The combined treatment resulted in an increase in the protein level of p-ERK1 (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION:The maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet enhance the DNA damage and apoptosis in CNE1 cells and CNE2 cells caused by irradiation,and the mechanism might be associated with ending of G2/M arrest via activation of ERK/CDC25C/CDK1/cyclin B1 pathways.

15.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 656-659,663, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668164

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the protective effects of trimetazidine against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats and relationship with the autophagy-related protein,microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 protein-Ⅱ (LC3-Ⅱ) and another autoclaved marker sequestosome 1 (p62) as well as to investigate the mechanism of action.Methods Fifty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups with 18 rats in each group:sham group,myocardial I/R group,and TMZ plus myocardial I/R group.The rats in each group were sacrificed at model completion,and 4 and 8 weeks later.RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to determine the levels of LC3-Ⅱ and p62.The morphological changes in the myocardium were observed by HE staining.Results Compared with the sham group,the I/R group demonstrated increased expression of LC3-Ⅱ and p62 (P < 0.05).Compared with that in the I/R group,the expression of LC3-Ⅱ and p62 in the I/R + TMZ group decreased (P < 0.05).The expression of LC3-Ⅱ and p62 increased at week 4 (P < 0.05).At week 8,the expression levels of LC3-Ⅱ and p62 decreased in cardiomyocytes (P < 0.05).Conclusion Intervention with trimetazidine may protect the myocardium of rats against ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating autophagy and the effect is maintained for a certain period.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1611-1618, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660649

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the mechanism of the radiosensitizing effect of maximum non-cytotoxic doses of tetrandrine (Tet) on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines CNE1 and CNE2.METHODS:The cells were treated with maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet (for CNE1 cells at 1.5 μmol/L and for CNE2 cells at 1.8 μmol/L),irradiation at 4 Gy,or combination of irradiation and maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet.The cell cycle distribution was analyzed by flow cytometry.The protein levels of γ-H2AX,cleaved caspase-3,p-CDC25C,CDK1,p-CDK1,cyclin B1,ERK and p-ERK were determined by Western blot.RESULTS:The expression of γ-H2AX was increased in CNE1 cells and CNE2 cells after combined treatment with irradiation and maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet.The percentages of CNE1 cells and CNE2 cells at G2/M phase in irradiation group were (18.09 ±0.42)% and (18.48 ± 1.32)%,respectively,which were decreased to (15.88 ± 1.04) % and (13.80 ± 0.82) % in combined treatment group,respectively (P < 0.05).Combined treatment enhanced the increase in the protein level of cleaved caspase-3 caused by irradiation.The protein levels of pCDC25C and p-CDK1 were increased in a dose-dependent manner by Tet treatment (P < 0.05),while the expression of CDK1 showed no difference among different doses of Tet treatments.The protein levels of p-CDC25C,p-CDK1 and CDK1 showed no difference after the treatment with maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet.The combined treatment with irradiation and the maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet decreased the protein levels of p-CDC25C and p-CDK1 (P <0.05),increased the expression of cyclin B1,and had no influence on the expression of CDK1 ( P <0.05).The combined treatment resulted in an increase in the protein level of p-ERK1 (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION:The maximum non-cytotoxic doses of Tet enhance the DNA damage and apoptosis in CNE1 cells and CNE2 cells caused by irradiation,and the mechanism might be associated with ending of G2/M arrest via activation of ERK/CDC25C/CDK1/cyclin B1 pathways.

17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 355-360, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351345

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) on the apoptosis of thymic and splenic lymphocytes in rats with sepsis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 80 female Sprague-Dawley rats aged 7-8 weeks were randomly divided into model group, conventional lipid emulsion group (0.1 g/kg daily), low-dose ω-3 PUFAs group (0.1 g/kg daily), middle-dose ω-3 PUFAs group (0.2 g/kg daily), and high-dose ω-3 PUFAs group (0.3 g/kg daily). Cecal ligation and puncture were used to establish a rat model of sepsis. The treatment groups were then given tail vein injection of lipid emulsion or glucose diluents of ω-3 PUFAs at different doses, and the model group was given glucose injection via the tail vein at the same dose. According to the time of sacrifice, each group was further divided into 24-hour and 72-hour subgroups, with 8 rats in each subgroup. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes in the thymus and spleen. TUNEL was used to measure the apoptosis rates of thymic and splenic lymphocytes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the three ω-3 PUFAs groups, the rats had a complete thymic lobular structure and clear structures of the cortex and medulla. In the model and the conventional lipid emulsion groups, the boundaries of the cortex and medulla were unclear and the number of lymphocytes was significantly reduced. In the ω-3 PUFAs groups, the structure of the red and white pulp of the spleen was maintained with the presence of splenic follicles, while in the model and the conventional lipid emulsion groups, the structure of the red and white pulp of the spleen was disordered and splenic follicles were significantly reduced or disappeared. Compared with the model and the conventional lipid emulsion groups, the ω-3 PUFAs groups showed significant reductions in the apoptosis rates of thymic and splenic lymphocytes at 24 and 72 hours (P<0.01). Compared with the low-dose ω-3 PUFAs group, the high-dose ω-3 PUFAs group had significantly reduced apoptosis rates of splenic lymphocytes at 24 and 72 hours (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ω-3 PUFAs can reduce the apoptosis of thymic and splenic lymphocytes in rats with sepsis in a dose-dependent manner.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Apoptosis , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Pharmacology , Lymphocytes , Pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sepsis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Spleen , Pathology , Thymus Gland , Pathology
18.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 245-248, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483627

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine in the treatment of infertility resulted from ovulation dysfunction.Methods 106 patients with ovulation dysfunction were divided into observation group(n =56)and control group(n =50)in stratified randomization.Both two groups were given clomiphine to induce ovulation.Futhermore,the observation group was added Chinese herb recipe.Both two groups were treated for 3 menstruations.The basic body temperature,follicle development,endometrium depth, ovulation and pregnancy were observed.The serum levels of E2,LH and FSH were detected.Results There was no difference in the basic body temperature between the two groups(P >0.05).After treatment,the basic body tempera-ture of the observation group was obviously superior to that of the control group(χ2 =0.627,P =0.049),there was no difference in the endometrium depth between the two groups(P >0.05).After treatment,the endometrium in the observation group was significantly better than before treatment and that in the control group(t =5.132,P <0.05). After treatment,the serum levels of E2 ,LH and FSH in the observation group were all improved more obviously than those in the control group(t =6.489,5.167,6.035,all P <0.05).The efficacy of the two groups was higher than that of the control group(χ2 =6.049,P =0.048).Conclusion The method of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine can promote the development of follicle and endometrium,improve levels of E2,LH and FSH,enhance ovula-tion rate and pregnancy rate in the treatment of infertility resulted from ovulation dysfunction,which is worthy of clini-cal promoting.

19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 674-678, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258892

ABSTRACT

Bartonella species can infect a variety of mammalian hosts and cause a broad spectrum of diseases in humans, but there have been no reports of Bartonella infection in Ochotonidae. This is the first study to detect Bartonella in plateau pikas in the Qinghai plateau, providing baseline data for the risk assessment of human Bartonella infection in this area. We obtained 15 Bartonella strains from 79 pikas in Binggou and Maixiu areas of Qinghai with a positive rate of 18.99%. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of the Bartonella citrate synthase (gltA) gene sequences, most strains were closely related to B. taylorii (3/15) and B. grahamii (12/15). The latter is a pathogenic strain in humans. Our results suggest that a corresponding prevention and control strategy should be taken into consideration in the Qinghai province.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Bartonella , Classification , Genetics , Bartonella Infections , Epidemiology , Microbiology , China , Epidemiology , Genotype , Lagomorpha , Phylogeny
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2309-2313, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337939

ABSTRACT

A HPLC method was established to determine the contents of the five anthraquinones and rhaponticin in the different varieties of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma. The difference existed in different varieties. The results showed that rhein and rhaponticin were marker substances which could be used to distinguish palm leaf groups rhubarb and wave leaf groups rhubarb. Authentic rhubarb didn't contain rhaponticin. Falsify rhubarb contains trace amounts of rhein. Rheum tanguticum contains abundant rhein. The ratio value of the content of rhein to chrysophanol could be used to distinguish R. tanguticum from the other two authentic varieties (R. palmatum and R. officinale). The content of rhaponticin varied largely in different varieties of wave leaf groups rhubarb.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control , Rheum , Chemistry , Classification , Rhizome , Chemistry , Classification
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