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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 74-80, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the role and importance of fibular fixation in tibiofibular fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the comparison of the efficacy of fixation of the fibula with or without fixation on the treatment of tibiofibular fractures was searched through the databases of China Knowledge Network, Wipu, Wanfang, The Cochrane Library, Web of science and Pubmed, and statistical analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. The rates of malrotation, rotational deformity, internal/external deformity, anterior/posterior deformity, non-union, infection, secondary surgery and operative time were compared between the fibula fixation and non-fixation groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11 publications were included, six randomised controlled trials and five case-control trials, eight of which were of high quality. A total of 813 cases were included, of which 383 were treated with fibula fixation and 430 with unfixed fibulae.Meta-analysis results showed that fixation of the fibulae in the treatment of tibiofibular fractures reduced the rates of postoperative rotational deformity[RR=0.22, 95%CI(0.10, 0.45), P<0.000 1] and internal/external deformity[RR=0.34, 95%CI(0.14, 0.84), P=0.02] and promoted fracture healing [RR=0.76, 95%CI(0.58, 0.99), P=0.04]. In contrast, the rates of poor reduction [RR=0.48, 95% CI(0.10, 2.33), P=0.36], anterior/posterior deformity[RR=1.50, 95%CI(0.76, 2.96), P=0.24], infection[RR=1.43, 95%CI(0.76, 2.72), P=0.27], secondary surgery[RR=1.32, 95%CI(0.82, 2.11), P=0.25], and operative time[MD=10.21, 95%CI(-17.79, 38.21), P=0.47] were not statistically significant (P>0.05) for comparison.@*CONCLUSION@#Simultaneous fixation of the tibia and fibula is clinically more effective in the treatment of tibiofibular fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Tibia/surgery , Fracture Healing , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 152-162, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether electroacupuncture (EA) at sensitized acupoints could reduce sympathetic-sensory coupling (SSC) and neurogenic inflammatory response by interfering with 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)ergic neural pathways to relieve colitis and somatic referred pain, and explore the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Rats were treated with 5% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) solution for 7 days to establish a colitis model. Twelve rats were randomly divided into the control and model groups according to a random number table (n=6). According to the "Research on Rat Acupoint Atlas", sensitized acupoints and non-sensitized acupoints were determined. Rats were randomly divided into the control, model, Zusanli-EA (ST 36), Dachangshu-EA (BL 25), and Xinshu (BL 15) groups (n=6), as well as the control, model, EA, and EA + GR113808 (a 5-HT inhibitor) groups (n=6). The rats in the control group received no treatment. Acupuncture was administered on 2 days after modeling using the stimulation pavameters: 1 mA, 2 Hz, for 30 min, with sparse and dense waves, for 14 consecutive days. GR113808 was injected into the tail vein at 5 mg/kg before EA for 10 min for 7 consecutive days. Mechanical sensitivity was assessed with von Frey filaments. Body weight and disease activity index (DAI) scores of rats were determined. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to observe colon histopathology. SSC was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect 5-HT and substance P (SP) expressions. The calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in skin tissue and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein levels in DRG were detected by Western blot. The levels of hyaluronic acid (HA), bradykinin (BK), prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) in skin tissue, 5-HT, tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1), serotonin transporters (SERT), 5-HT 3 receptor (5-HT3R), and 5-HT 4 receptor (5-HT4R) in colon tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*RESULTS@#BL 25 and ST 36 acupoints were determined as sensitized acupoints, and BL 15 acupoint was used as a non-sensitized acupoint. EA at sensitized acupoints improved the DAI score, increased mechanical withdrawal thresholds, and alleviated colonic pathological damage of rats. EA at sensitized acupoints reduced SSC structures and decreased TH and CGRP expression levels (P<0.05). Furthermore, EA at sensitized acupoints reduced BK, PGI2, 5-HT, 5-HT3R and TPH1 levels, and increased HA, 5-HT4R and SERT levels in colitis rats (P<0.05). GR113808 treatment diminished the protective effect of EA at sensitized acupoints in colitis rats (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at sensitized acupoints alleviated DSS-induced somatic referred pain in colitis rats by interfering with 5-HTergic neural pathway, and reducing SSC inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin , Acupuncture Points , Pain, Referred , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Signal Transduction , Colitis/therapy , Indoles , Sulfonamides
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 230-237, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970780

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of cell division cycle 42 (CDC42) on root development and its regulation on cell proliferation and migration in Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS). Methods: Trace the spatiotemporal expression of CDC42 in root development process [postnatal day 5 (P5), P7, P14] through immunofluorescence staining. Nine eight-week-old C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into 3 groups using a simple random sample method (n=3 in each group). P3 tooth germ was cultured in air-liquid system for 1 day and then transplanted to renal capsule each to observe tooth root development. The control group implanted tooth germ only. The phosphate buffered saline (PBS) group implanted tooth germ and gel beads soaked with PBS, while the ML141 group implanted tooth germ and gel beads soaked with CDC42 inhibitor (ML141). Cdc42 in HERS cells was inhibited via lentivirus transfection. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay and scratch assay were performed. The distribution of Golgi apparatus (GM130) and cytoskeleton (F-actin) in migrated cells were mapped via immunofluorescence staining. Results: CDC42 was expressed in epithelial cells of HERS, polarized ameloblasts and odontoblasts, as well as adjacent dental papilla and dental follicle cells during tooth root development. The root length of the ML141 group [(0.61±0.09) mm] was substantially shorter than that of control group [(1.03±0.19) mm, P=0.007] and PBS group [(0.98±0.10) mm, P=0.021] according to the data of renal capsule transplantation. After lentiviral transfection, the relative expression of Cdc42 in knockdown group (0.31±0.33) was significantly lower than that in control group (1.05±0.08) (t=15.38, P<0.001), demonstrating the knockdown efficiency closed to 70%. Cell viabilities were significantly inhibited in knockdown group (0.87±0.04, 0.96±0.10, 0.59±0.06, respectively) compared with those in control group (1.09±0.13, 1.55±0.32, 1.10±0.09, respectively) after 3, 4 and 5 days (t=3.16, P=0.016; t=4.23, P=0.002; t=5.08, P<0.01), and the cell proliferation ability in knockdown group [(1.65±0.64)%] also decreased than that in the control group [(4.02±1.12)%](t=5.21, P<0.001). In addition, the cell migration rates after 24 and 48 h [(45.1±4.2)%, (56.4±8.3)%] in knockdown group were obviously lower than those in the control group [(63.8±7.4)%, (80.2±7.8)%] (t=3.78, P=0.019; t=3.62, P=0.023). After Cdc42 was knocked down, Golgi apparatus distributed along the nucleus while behaved oriented in the control group. Conclusions: CDC42 plays an important role in the regulation of root length during root development, which may mediate root elongation by affecting the migration and proliferation of HERS cells.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 681-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970537

ABSTRACT

To maintain the precision and stability of the efficacy of classical formulas, this study compared the origins and specifications of Bupleuri Radix and revealed the precise application regularity of Bupleurum chinense(Beichaihu) and Bupleurum scorzonerifolium(Nanchaihu) in classical formulas. The efficacy and indications of formulas with Bupleuri Radix as the sovereign drug in the Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases(Shang Han Za Bing Lun) were investigated. The difference in the efficacy of Bupleuri Radix as well as the differences in the chemical composition, and liver-protecting and lipid-lowering effects of the decoctions of Beichaihu and Nanchaihu were analyzed with LC-MS technology based on the CCl_4-induced liver injury model in mice and sodium oleate-induced HepG2 hyperlipidemia cell model. The results showed that seven classical formulas with Bupleuri Radix as the sovereign drug in the Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases were mainly used in the treatment of digestive, metabolic, immune, circulatory, and other diseases. Bupleuri Radix mainly played the functions of protecting the liver, benefiting the gallbladder, and lowering the lipid, and had different focuses in different formulas. There were 14 differential components in the decoctions of Beichaihu and Nanchaihu, and the chemical structures of 11 components were identified, including 10 saponins and one flavonoid. The results of the liver-protecting efficacy experiment showed that compared with the Nanchaihu decoction, Beichaihu decoction could reduce the serum aspartate aminotransferase(AST) activity in liver injury model mice(P<0.01). The results of the lipid-lowering efficacy experiment proved that Beichaihu and Nanchaihu decoctions both showed highly significant differences in lowering the total cholesterol(TC) and triglyceride(TG) content in HepG2 cells(P<0.01), and Nanchaihu decoction was superior to Beichaihu decoction in lowering the lipid. The results of this study preliminarily proved that there were differences in chemical composition, and liver-protecting and lipid-lowering effects of Beichaihu and Nanchaihu decoctions, indicating that it was necessary to determine the precise origin of Bupleuri Radix in the clinical formulation of traditional Chinese medicine. The study provides a scientific basis for both precise clinical medication and purpose-based accurate quality evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine in clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Liver , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Bupleurum
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 256-264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970521

ABSTRACT

Currently,the research or publications related to the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine are increasing,which attracts the broad attention of all circles. According to the completed clinical evaluation report on Chinese patent medicine,there are still practical problems and technical difficulties such as unclear responsibility of the evaluation organization,unclear evaluation subject,miscellaneous evaluation objects,and incomplete and nonstandard evaluation process. In terms of evaluation standards and specifications,there are different types of specifications or guidelines with different emphases issued by different academic groups or relevant institutions. The professional guideline is required to guide the standardized and efficient clinical comprehensive evaluation of Chinese patent medicine and further improve the authority and quality of evaluation. In combination with the characteristics of Chinese patent medicine and the latest research achievement at home and abroad,the detailed specifications were formulated from six aspects including design,theme selection,content and index,outcome,application and appraisal,and quality control. The guideline was developed based on the guideline development requirements of China Assoication of Chinese medicine. After several rounds of expert consensus and public consultation,the current version of the guideline has been developed.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Consensus , China , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 60-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970502

ABSTRACT

In this study, five polysaccharides from Lycium barbarum(LBPs)(LBP-1-LBP-5) were selectively extracted by different extraction methods, and the chemical composition, structural characteristics, and biological activities of LBPs were explored. The results of chemical composition analysis showed that alkaloids were not detected in the five LBPs. The total polysaccharide content was(81.95%±1.6%)-(92.96%±0.76%), the uronic acid content was(8.26%±0.46%)-(24.81%±0.46%), and the protein content was(0.06%±0.03%)-(1.35%±0.13%). The monosaccharide compositions of the five LBPs were basically same, mainly including glucose, xylose, and galactose. However, there was significant difference in the content ratio of different monosaccharide. The results of infrared spectra analysis indicated that the five LBPs had typical infrared spectral characteristics of polysaccharides. The results of nuclear magnetic resonance characteristic spectrum analysis revealed that the five LBPs had two configurations of α and β. Meanwhile, there were triple helix structures in LBP-2, LBP-3, and LBP-4, which enhanced the activities of polysaccharides. The results of activities screening suggested that the biological activities of the five LBPs were significantly different. LBP-3 showed the highest lipid oxidation clearance rate, and its antioxidant activity was equivalent to that of the positive control group. The inhibitory rate of LBP-4 on α-amylase and its activation rate of alcohol dehydrogenase were better than those of other fractions, and the inhibitory rate of LBP-4 on α-amylase was slightly higher than that of the positive control group when the mass concentration was 10 g·L~(-1). LBP-2 showed stronger inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase and hyaluronidase. This study provides references for the precise development and utilization of LBPs.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Lycium/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Monosaccharides
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 345-353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986076

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of VPS26 effect on osteogenesis and adipogenesis differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) in high fat environment, and to explore the effect of VPS26 on implants osseointegration of high fat rats and ectopic osteogenesis in nude mice. Methods: BMSC were cultured under normal osteogenic induction (osteogenic group) and high-fat osteogenic induction (high-fat group).High-fat group was transfected with VPS26 enhancer and inhibitor, and the expression levels of osteogenesis related genes and adipogenesis related genes were examined. Osteogenesis and adipogenesis of BMSC were detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and oil red O staining after 7 and 14 days of induction.In osteogenic group,the binding of VPS26 to β-catenin was detected by immunofluorescence staining and immunoprecipitation, and dual luciferase reporter assay (TOP Flash) was used to analyze the TOP/FOP ratio. Eighteen male 12-week hyperlipidemic Wista rats (160-200 g) were implanted with implants, and six in each group were injected with VPS26 overexpression lentivirus (LV-VPS26 group), negative control lentivirus (LV-nc group) and saline (blank control group).Micro-CT analysis , HE and oil red O staining were used to evaluate the osseointegration of the implants and lipid droplets formation of the femur samples. Twenty female 6-week nude mice (30-40 g) were divided into five groups and subcutaneously implanted with osteogenic BMSC non-transfected and transfected LV-VPS26, LV-nc, shVPS26, and shscr lentivirus on the back. Samples were used to observe ectopic osteogenesis. Results: The mRNA expression levels of ALP in the high-fat group BMSC after overexpression of VPS26 (1.56±0.09) were significantly higher than those of the negative control (1.01±0.03) (t=10.09, P<0.001), while those of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) (t=6.44, P<0.001) and fatty acid-binding protein4 (FABP4) (t=10.01, P<0.001) were lower than those of the negative control. Western blotting results showed that compared with the negative control, protein expression of ALP and Runt-related transcription gene 2 was enhanced in the high-fat group BMSC after overexpression of VPS26 while PPAR-γ and FABP4 were inhibited. ALP activity of BMSC in the high-fat group was stronger after overexpression of VPS26, and the formation of lipid droplets was weaker than that in negative control. The results of immunofluorescence, immunoprecipitation and dual luciferase reporter assays showed co-localization and interaction of VPS26 with β-catenin and a significant 43.10% increase in the TOP/FOP ratio (t=-3.17, P=0.034). VPS26 overexpression enhanced osseointegration and decreased the number of lipid droplets in high-fat rat and enhanced ectopic osteogenesis of nude mice. Conclusions: VPS26 activated osteogenesis differentiation and inhibited adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs through Wnt/β-catenin pathway, promoting osseointegration of high-fat rat implants and ectopic osteogenesis of nude mice.

8.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 309-314, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008999

ABSTRACT

Hepatocelluar carcinoma presenting as a biliary duct tumor thrombus is a relatively rare entity, with poor prognosis. The primary clinical manifestation of this disease is obstructive jaundice, which can often be misdiagnosed. A 59-year-old female patient was admitted with sudden onset of abdominal pain. Laboratory tests suggested obstructive jaundice, and enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the upper abdomen did not show obvious biliary dilatation. Endoscopic ultrasound and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography suggested an occupying lesion in the upper bile duct. SpyGlass and biopsy finally confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma with right hepatic duct tumor thrombus hemorrhage. The SpyGlass Direct Visualization System, as an advanced biliary cholangioscopy device, showed the advantages of single-person operation as well as easy access to and visualization of the lesion.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Jaundice, Obstructive/etiology , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hepatic Duct, Common/pathology , Thrombosis/complications , Hemorrhage/complications
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5623-5631, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008759

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction on myocardial metabolites in a rat model of coronary heart disease with heart blood stasis syndrome and explored the therapeutic mechanism of blood circulation-promoting and blood stasis-removing therapy. SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction group(14.04 g·kg~(-1)), and a trimetazidine group(5.4 mg·kg~(-1)). The sham operation group underwent thread insertion without ligation, while the other groups underwent coronary artery left anterior descending branch ligation to induce a model of coronary heart disease with heart blood stasis syndrome. Three days after modeling, drug intervention was performed, and samples were taken after 14 days of intervention. General conditions were observed, and electrocardiogram and cardiac ultrasound indices were measured. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and Masson staining were used to observe tissue pathological morphology. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure the levels of triglyceride(TG) and total cholesterol(TC) in the serum. Ultra high performance liquid chromatography-quantitative exactive-mass spectrometry(UHPLC-QE-MS) technology was used to screen differential metabolites in myocardial tissue and conduct metabolic pathway enrichment analysis. The results showed that Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction significantly improved the general condition of the model rats, reduced heart rate and ST segment elevation in the electrocardiogram, increased left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS), and decreased left ventricular internal diameter in diastole(LVIDd) and left ventricular internal diameter in systole(LVIDs). HE staining and Masson staining showed that Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction effectively alleviated myocardial tissue structural disorders, inflammatory cell infiltration, and collagen fiber deposition in the model rats. ELISA results showed that Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction effectively regulated serum TG and TC levels in the model rats. There were significant differences in the metabolic phenotypes of myocardial samples in each group. Fourteen differential metabolites were identified in the Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction group, involving five metabolic pathways, including arginine and proline metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, ether lipid metabolism, and alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism. Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction improved cardiac function and myocardial structural damage in the rat model of coronary heart disease with heart blood stasis syndrome, and its biological mechanism involved the regulation of lipid metabolism, choline metabolism, amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism, and protein synthesis pathways.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Stroke Volume , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ventricular Function, Left , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Metabolomics
10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 289-301, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982679

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Recent investigations have demonstrated that Polygonum perfoliatum L. can protect against chemical liver injury, but the mechanism behind its efficacy is still unclear. Therefore, we studied the pharmacological mechanism at work in P. perfoliatum protection against chemical liver injury.@*METHODS@#To evaluate the activity of P. perfoliatum against chemical liver injury, levels of alanine transaminase, lactic dehydrogenase, aspartate transaminase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and malondialdehyde were measured, alongside histological assessments of the liver, heart and kidney tissue. A nontargeted lipidomics strategy based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry method was used to obtain the lipid profiles of mice with chemical liver injury and following treatment with P. perfoliatum; these profiles were used to understand the possible mechanisms behind P. perfoliatum's protective activity.@*RESULTS@#Lipidomic studies indicated that P. perfoliatum protected against chemical liver injury, and the results were consistent between histological and physiological analyses. By comparing the profiles of liver lipids in model and control mice, we found that the levels of 89 lipids were significantly changed. In animals receiving P. perfoliatum treatment, the levels of 8 lipids were significantly improved, relative to the model animals. The results showed that P. perfoliatum extract could effectively reverse the chemical liver injury and significantly improve the abnormal liver lipid metabolism of mice with chemical liver injury, especially glycerophospholipid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#Regulation of enzyme activity related to the glycerophospholipid metabolism pathway may be involved in the mechanism of P. perfoliatum's protection against liver injury. Please cite this article as: Peng L, Chen HG, Zhou X. Lipidomic investigation of the protective effects of Polygonum perfoliatum against chemical liver injury in mice. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(3): 289-301.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Polygonum/chemistry , Lipidomics , Liver , Lipids/pharmacology , Glycerophospholipids/pharmacology , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/metabolism
11.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 329-336, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a method for directional screening of the cytotoxic components from the medicinal herb of Achnatherum inebrians by a combination of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor and chromatographic isolation technology.@*METHODS@#Under the guidance of bioactive assessment based on binding abilities between objects and the α-Mannosidase (α-Man) target, the active components from different solvents extracts, different polar extraction parts and fractions were screened orderly and directionally using SPR. Components with a high binding ability to α-Man can be precisely oriented in a narrower fractions range and are easy to isolate. Three human cancer cells were used to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of component with the highest affinity to α-Man.@*RESULTS@#Eight compounds were isolated and identificated from A. inebrians for the first time. Deoxyvasicinone possessed the highest affinity to α-Man among them. Moreover, deoxyvasicinone showed good effects on inhibited proliferation of human hepatoma cells HepG2 (IC50 = 5.7 μmol/L), human breast cancer cells MCF7 (IC50 = 7.21 μmol/L) and human lung cancer cells HCC827 (IC50 = 0.75 μmol/L), respectively. In particular, its inhibitory effect on HCC827 was stronger than the positive drug gefitinib (IC50 = 1.65 μmol/L).@*CONCLUSION@#A comprehensive strategy of directional screening potential cytotoxic components from herb based on biomolecular interaction and chromatography was established. Deoxyvasicinone as an effective anti-cancer component was initially isolated from A. inebrians. It is expected that this screening strategy could provide new perspectives for rapid screening and identification of active components from natural plants with the complex matrix.

12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 634-643, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982309

ABSTRACT

High mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) persist worldwide. Older people are at a higher risk of developing these diseases. Given the current high treatment cost for CVDs, there is a need to prevent CVDs and or develop treatment alternatives. Western and Chinese medicines have been used to treat CVDs. However, several factors, such as inaccurate diagnoses, non-standard prescriptions, and poor adherence behavior, lower the benefits of the treatments by Chinese medicine (CM). Artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly used in clinical diagnosis and treatment, especially in assessing efficacy of CM in clinical decision support systems, health management, new drug research and development, and drug efficacy evaluation. In this study, we explored the role of AI in CM in the diagnosis and treatment of CVDs, and discussed application of AI in assessing the effect of CM on CVDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Artificial Intelligence , Integrative Medicine
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 693-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, therapeutic response and prognosis of patients with plasma cell leukemia (PCL) and improve the understanding of this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations, laboratory tests and treatment response of 27 patients with plasma cell leukemia treated in The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from December 2010 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, and their clinical characteristics were summarized. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.@*RESULTS@#There were 18 cases of primary plasma cell leukemia (pPCL) and 9 cases of secondary plasma cell leukemia (sPCL). The male to female ratio was 1.7∶1. The median age was 62 years old. The first manifestations were bone pain, fatigue, fever, splenomegaly and bleeding, and a large number of plasma cell infiltration was observed in the morphological examination of peripheral blood and bone marrow cells. 13 cases were detected by immunotyping and all of them expressed CD38/CD138. 8 cases underwent karyotype analysis, and 3 cases were normal, clonal abnormalities occurred in 5 cases. FISH detection was performed in 12 cases, of which 8 cases were abnormal. In 17 cases of bortezomib based chemotherapy, the ovevall response rate was 52.9%, which was higher than that in the non-bortezomib group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P =0.242). The overall median survival time of 27 patients was 6.4 months, the median progression-free survival time was 3.5 months, and the median survival time of patients with pPCL and sPCL was 8.2 months and 2.4 months, respectively, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P =0.031).@*CONCLUSION@#PCL is highly invasive and has diverse clinical manifestations, and is not sensitive to traditional chemotherapy. The median survival time of patients with pPCL is relatively longer than that of patients with sPCL. The chemotherapy regimen based on bortezomib improves the treatment effectiveness and prolongs the survival time of PCL patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Plasma Cell/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Survival Analysis
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 476-482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors and efficacy of hypomethylating agent (HMA) in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 37 newly diagnosed patients with CMML was analyzed retrospectively, and their clinical characteristics and the efficacy of HMA were summarized. Kaplan-Meier and Log-rank test were used for univariate survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The median age at diagnosis was 67 years old. Their common manifestations included fatigue, bleeding, abnormal blood routine and fever. Most patients had splenomegaly. According to FAB classification, there were 6 cases of myelodysplastic CMML and 31 cases of myeloproliferative CMML, while according to WHO classification, 8 patients belonged to CMML-0, 9 patients to CMML-1 and 20 patients to CMML-2. At the time of diagnosis, the median white blood cell count was 32.84×109/L, median hemoglobin (Hb) was 101 g/L, median platelet count was 65×109/L, median absolute monocyte count was 9.53×109//L, median absolute neutrophil count (ANC) was 11.29×109//L and median lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was 374 U/L. Cytogenetic abnormalities were found in 4 cases among the 31 patients who underwent karyotype analysis or fluorescence in situ hybridization detection. There were 12 patients who had analyzable results and gene mutations were identified in 11 cases, including ASXL1, NRAS, TET2, SRSF2 and RUNX1. Among the 6 patients who were treated with HMA and could be evaluated for efficacy, 2 patients achieved complete remission, 1 patient achieved partial remission and 2 patients achieved clinical benefit. Compared with the non-HMA treatment group, overall survival (OS) time was not significantly prolonged in the HMA treatment group. Univariate analysis showed that Hb<100 g/L, ANC≥12×109/L, LDH≥250 U/L and peripheral blood (PB) blasts ≥5% were significantly associated with poor OS, while WHO classification CMML-2, Hb<100 g/L, ANC≥12×109/L, LDH≥250 U/L and PB blasts≥5% were significantly associated with poor leukemia-free survival (LFS) (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that ANC≥12×109/L and PB blasts≥5% were significantly associated with poor OS and LFS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CMML has high heterogeneity in clinical characteristics, genetic changes, prognosis and treatment response. HMA can not significantly improve the survival of CMML patients. ANC≥12×109/L and PB blasts≥5% are independent prognostic factors of OS and LFS in patients with CMML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic/genetics , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Survival Analysis , Prognosis
15.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 482-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958816

ABSTRACT

Scientific and efficient collaborative innovation system plays a key role in driving the construction and development of national clinical medical research centers. As the entity in building the national clinical medical research center for geriatric diseases, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University has carried out the " two-in-one integration" construction of the center hospital based on the principle of " simultaneous construction of the center and the hospital" . Leveraging the research, promotion and application of key technologies for common diseases and frequently occurring diseases among the elderly, a collaborative innovation system has come into being since 2018, consisting of three organically linked platforms of technology support platform, core research platform and public service platform, as well as four support systems of collaborative innovation network support system, innovation management system support system, special innovation fund support system and innovation ability training support system. By 2021, the collaborative innovation system has been completed in general, and desirable results have been achieved in clinical research, achievements translation and technology promotion for geriatric diseases. These achievements have strongly promoted the development of China′s elderly health sector.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 337-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958785

ABSTRACT

In order to effectively integrate scientific research data resources and improve data utilization, the National Clinical Medical Research Center had built a "3321" -integration big data sharing innovation platform. By providing full support to scientific research, sorting out the distribution mechanism of achievements, and formulating authority management norms, the big data platform had solved the weaknesses in data sharing ability, sharing willingness, and sharing security, giving full play to the effectiveness of the clinical research big data platform. By February 2022, the center had collected more than 1.04 million elderly patients data through the big data platform, as well as carried out 75 scientific research projects, and established 10 large population-based clinical research queues. The big data platform had realized full coverage of major diseases in the field of geriatric diseases, promoted the high-quality construction of the national clinical medical research center, and improved the scientific research and innovation ability of the cooperative units.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 464-471, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the molecular evolution characteristics of HA and NA genes of influenza B/Yamagata (BY) and influenza B/Victoria (BV) lineage viruses in Guizhou Province, aiming to provide reference for scientific prevention and control of influenza. Methods:The prevalence of various types of influenza viruses in Guizhou Province from 2017 to 2021 was analyzed. The nucleic acid of influenza B viruses was extracted, and then the HA and NA genes were amplified by RT-PCR. Fourteen strains were sequenced and the sequences of 83 strains were obtained from GISAID. Homologies between the 97 influenza B viruses as well as the phylogenetic characteristics and amino acid site variations were analyzed. Results:Influenza A, BY and BV lineage viruses co-circulated in Guizhou Province and BV lineage was the predominant type. The homologies of HA and NA genes were 98.7%-99.4% and 98.4%-99.6% between BY lineage viruses and the reference vaccine strain B/PHUKET/3073/2013. BV lineage viruses shared 98.3%-99.3% and 98.9%-99.6% homologies with the reference vaccine strain B/Colorado/06/2017. The BY lineage strains in Guizhou Province mainly belonged to Y3 genetic group with HA gene in two branches of Y3-H1-2 and NA gene in three branches of Y3-N1-3. Three reassortant strains were found in Y3 clade. The isolated BV lineage strains mainly belonged to V1A-2 genetic group with HA gene in four branches of V1A-2 H1-4 and NA gene in five branches of V1A-2 N1-5. Twenty reassortant strains were found in V1A-2 clade and no inter-lineage reassortants were found. Analysis of variations at key amino acid sites showed that there was no mutation at epitopes in Y3 genetic group. However, there were point mutations at four main epitopes and a shift mutation in 190 helix in V1A-2 genetic group. There was no mutation in drug resistance sites. Conclusions:Various types of influenza viruses circulated in Guizhou Province. The homology between influenza B viruses and vaccine strains was decreasing. Different branches of HA and NA genes had been evolved and various forms of mutations were detected in the sequences. Intra-lineage reassortant strains and new varieties emerged. Surveillance of influenza B viruses should be strengthened.

18.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 63-68, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011598

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon-expandable vertebral body stenting (VBS) in treating elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. 【Methods】 Thirty-eight elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were randomly divided into two groups according to the parity of their hospital admission numbers to receive VBS and traditional percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP), respectively. The two groups were compared regarding changes in the intensity of pain, functional score, imaging parameters related to vertebral compression, and sagittal Cobb angle as well as the incidence of bone cement leakage after treatment, to evaluate the safety and efficacy of VBS. 【Results】 All the patients underwent the operations smoothly, which were performed with the bilateral percutaneous puncture technique under local anesthesia by the same surgeon, and were followed up for more than half a year. Both VBS group and PKP group showed significant improvement in the visual analogue scale score, the Oswestry disability index, the height of the fractured vertebral body, and the Cobb angle at 3 days, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after treatment (all P<0.05). There were significant differences in those indicators between the two groups (all P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 VBS is an effective treatment approach for elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. It can effectively recover fractured vertebral body height, relieve patients’ pain, and have fewer complications such as bone cement leakage.

19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 415-421, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936028

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical outcomes of burn patients in different stages of pregnancy and explore a rational therapeutic scheme for burns during pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From June 2010 to June 2020, 21 patients who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns of Wuhan Third Hospital and 14 patients who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. Based on the pregnancy period when patients suffered burns, the 35 patients were divided into early pregnancy group with 18 patients (aged (26±4) years, with 8 (4, 11) weeks of gestation), middle pregnancy group with 10 patients (aged (26±3) years, with 21 (14, 27) weeks of gestation), and late pregnancy group with 7 patients (aged (30±5) years, with 32 (29, 35) weeks of gestation). All the patients received treatment including fluid resuscitation, anti-infection, wound treatment, and multidisciplinary comprehensive managements. The burn-related complications during the treatment, maternal outcomes, fetal outcomes, fetal delivery mode, gestational weeks at delivery, and newborn weight of patients in the 3 groups were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: During the treatment, there were 4, 4, and 2 patients who suffered wound infections and 1, 3, and 2 patients who developed shock symptoms, respectively, in early pregnancy group, middle pregnancy group, and late pregnancy group. There were no statistically significant differences in them among the 3 groups (P>0.05). One patient in late pregnancy group developed into multiple organ dysfunction syndrome after debridement. At last, all the pregnant women survived, and no statistically significant difference existed among the 3 groups (P>0.05). In early pregnancy group, middle pregnancy group, and late pregnancy group, the survived fetus cases were 9, 8, and 6, respectively, and the differences between them were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Variables including stillbirth and full-term birth were close in patients in the 3 groups (P>0.05), while the preterm birth and miscarriage in patients in the 3 groups were statistically different (P<0.05 or P<0.01), with the early pregnancy group having the most miscarriage cases and the fewest preterm birth cases. There were no statistically significant differences in fetal delivery mode, gestational weeks at delivery, and newborn weight among the patients with survived fetus in 3 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: For patients suffering burns during early, middle, and late pregnancy, superior rates of maternal and fetal survival can be achieved after timely and adequate treatments including fluid resuscitation, anti-infection, wound treatment, and multidisciplinary comprehensive managements.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Abortion, Spontaneous , Burns/therapy , Fluid Therapy , Premature Birth , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 184-189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935993

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the predictive values of the modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score on the death risk of severe burn patients. Methods: A retrospective case series study was conducted. From February 2018 to November 2019, 260 severe burn patients who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, including 158 males and 102 females, aged 36 (3, 53) years. According to the final outcome, the patients were divided into survival group (n=229) and death group (n=31). Data of patients were compared and statistically analyzed with chi-square test or Mann-Whitney U test between the two groups, including the gender, age, cause of burn, site of burn, total burn area, depth of burn, combined inhalation injury, and combined underlying diseases on admission, and the modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score calculated based on part of the aforementioned data. The Kendall tau-b coefficient method was used to analyze the consistency of the above-mentioned three scores in 260 severe burn patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of the above-mentioned three scores predicting the death risk of 260 severe burn patients were drawn, and the area under the curve (AUC), the optimal threshold, and the sensitivity and specificity under the optimal threshold were calculated. The quality of AUC of the above-mentioned three scores was compared by Delong test. Results: The gender, site of burn, and depth of burn of patients between the two groups were all similar (P>0.05). The age, total burn area, proportion of flame burn, proportion of combined inhalation injury, and proportion of combined underlying diseases of patients in death group were significantly higher than those in survival group (with Z values of 5.53 and 17.78, respectively, χ2 values of 16.23, 15.89, and 17.78, respectively, P<0.01); the modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score of patients in death group were 142 (115, 155), 7 (5, 7), 2 (2, 3), all significantly higher than 64 (27, 87), 1 (0, 3), 0 (0, 1) in survival group (with Z values of 7.91, 7.64, and 7.61, respectively, P<0.01). In 260 severe burn patients, the results between the modified Baux score and Ryan score, modified Baux score and Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, Ryan score and Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score were significantly consistent (with Kendall tau-b coefficients of 0.75, 0.71, and 0.86, respectively, P<0.01). The AUCs of ROC curves of the modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score for predicting the death risk of 260 severe burn patients were 0.92, 0.89, and 0.85, respectively (with 95% confidence intervals of 0.86-0.98, 0.83-0.95, and 0.78-0.93, respectively, P<0.01); the optimal thresholds were 106.5, 4.5, and 1.5 points, respectively; the sensitivity under the optimal threshold were 88.5%, 76.9%, and 73.1%, respectively, and the specificity under the optimal threshold were 88.5%, 87.2%, and 86.3%, respectively. The modified Baux score was similar to Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score in the AUC quality (z=1.25, P>0.05), which were both significantly better than the AUC quality of Ryan score (with z values of 2.35 and 2.11, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusions: The modified Baux score, Belgian Outcome in Burn Injury score, and Ryan score have good ability in predicting the death risk of severe burn patients. From the perspective of clinical practice, the modified Baux score is more suitable as a predictive tool for the prognosis of severe burn patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Burns , Hospitalization , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
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