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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 125-132, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013614

ABSTRACT

Aim To prepare tripterygium glycoside nanoparticles and probe into their therapeutic effect on collagen-induced arthritis ( CIA) rats. Methods Tripterygium glycosides polyglycoside nanoparticles were prepared by thin film dispersion method and their quality was assessed. The CIA model was established and drug intervention performed. The body weight, toe swelling degree and arthritis index were measured. The pathological changes of the organs, knee and ankle synovium were observed. The serum levels of kidney function and inflammatory cytokine expression were detected in rats. Results The prepared tripterygium wil-fordii polyglycoside nanoparticles were round particles with uniform distribution and stable properties under electron microscope. Compared with the model group, the swelling of the left and right toes of medication group significantly decreased (P < 0. 01), and the ar-thritis index markedly decreased ( P < 0. 01). Among them, the efficacy of the TG-NPs group was better than that of the TG group. Compared with the normal group, the indexes of heart, spleen, kidney and testis all significantly decreased (P <0. 05, P<0.01). TG-NPs group had a significantly reduced pathological ankle-joint injury in knee cartilage and increased apoptotic synovial cells. Compared with the model group, the serum levels of ALT and BUN and CRE in TG-NPs group were significantly lower (P < 0. 05 ), and IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 levels decreased significantly (P <0. 05). Conclusions TG-NPs have good therapeutic effect on CIA through induction of synovial cell apoptosis and decrease of the expression of inflammatory cytokines. By intravenous injection of blood circula-tion, slow and controlled release of drugs can be achieved, the first pass effect caused by oral drug can be avoided, the viscera toxicity can be reduced, which provides an experimental basis for the development of new nanoagents for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 875-884, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010285

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate protective effect of Cordyceps sinensis (CS) through autophagy-associated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in acute kidney injury (AKI)-induced acute lung injury (ALI).@*METHODS@#Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups according to a random number table, including the normal saline (NS)-treated sham group (sham group), NS-treated ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) group (IRI group), and low- (5 g/kg·d) and high-dose (10 g/kg·d) CS-treated IRI groups (CS1 and CS2 groups), 12 rats in each group. Nephrectomy of the right kidney was performed on the IRI rat model that was subjected to 60 min of left renal pedicle occlusion followed by 12, 24, 48, and 72 h of reperfusion. The wet-to-dry (W/D) ratio of lung, levels of serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin- β and tumor necrosis factor- α, and biomarkers of oxidative stress such as superoxide dismutase, malonaldehyde (MDA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO), were assayed. Histological examinations were conducted to determine damage of tissues in the kidney and lung. The protein expressions of light chain 3 II/light chain 3 I (LC3-II/LC3-I), uncoordinated-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1), P62, AMPK and mTOR were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemistry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The renal IRI induced pulmonary injury following AKI, resulting in significant increases in W/D ratio of lung, and the levels of Scr, BUN, inflammatory cytokines, MDA and MPO (P<0.01); all of these were reduced in the CS groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the IRI groups, the expression levels of P62 and mTOR were significantly lower (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while those of LC3-II/LC3-I, ULK1, and AMPK were significantly higher in the CS2 group (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CS had a potential in treating lung injury following renal IRI through activation of the autophagy-related AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway in AKI-induced ALI.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Cordyceps/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Kidney/pathology , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Mammals/metabolism
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2426-2434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981319

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium glycosides liposome(TPGL) were prepared by thin film-dispersion method, which were optimized accor-ding to their morphological structures, average particle size and encapsulation rate. The measured particle size was(137.39±2.28) nm, and the encapsulation rate was 88.33%±1.82%. The mouse model of central nervous system inflammation was established by stereotaxic injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS). TPGL and tripterygium glycosides(TPG) were administered intranasally for 21 days. The effects of intranasal administration of TPG and TPGL on behavioral cognitive impairment of mice due to LPS-induced central ner-vous system inflammation were estimated by animal behavioral tests, hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining of hippocampus, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) and immunofluorescence. Compared with TPG, TPGL caused less damage to the nasal mucosa, olfactory bulb, liver and kidney of mice administered intranasally. The behavioral performance of treated mice was significantly improved in water maze, Y maze and nesting experiment. Neuronal cell damage was reduced, and the expression levels of inflammation and apoptosis related genes [tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), BCL2-associated X(Bax), etc.] and glial activation markers [ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1(IBA1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP)] were decreased. These results indicated that liposome technique combined with nasal delivery alleviated the toxic side effects of TPG, and also significantly ameliorated the cognitive impairment of mice induced by central nervous system inflammation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Tripterygium , Liposomes , Glycosides/therapeutic use , Administration, Intranasal , Lipopolysaccharides , Central Nervous System , Cognitive Dysfunction/drug therapy , Inflammation/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Cardiac Glycosides
4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 419-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and adverse reactions of image-guided hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (Ig-HypoRT) conbined with contralateral esophageal protection in treatment of patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 45 patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC who were admitted to Xuzhou Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients received induction chemotherapy with a platinum-based dual-drug combination regimen, followed by Ig-HypoRT with a total dose of tumor of 60-63 Gy/12- 18 times at 3.5-5.0 Gy/time. Contralateral esophagus was delineated as an organ at risk during radiotherapy, limiting V 45 Gy≤1.8 cc and V 55 Gy ≤0.4 cc. Patients' efficacy, survival and the occurrence of adverse reactions were observed. Results:Among 45 patients, there were 9 cases of complete remission, 31 cases of partial remission, 4 cases of stable disease and 1 case of disease progression, and the effective rate was 88.8% (40/45). The median follow-up time was 34 months, 45 patients had a median overall survival (OS) time of 25.0 months (95% CI 21.7-28.8 months), with 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates of 78.9%, 56.8% and 47.7%, respectively; the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 18.5 months (95% CI 15.0-22.0 months), with 1-, 2- and 3-year PFS rates of 59.8%, 32.6% and 18.6%, respectively. The 3-year local recurrence rate was 9% (4/45). The incidence of grade 1-2 radioactive esophagitis was 80% (36/45); the incidence of grade 1-2 chest pain was 20% (9/45). The incidence of grade 3-4 adverse reactions were 13% (6/45), including 7% (3/45) of grade 3 pulmonary atelectasis, 4% (2/45) of grade 3 radioactive pneumonia, and 2% (1/45) of grade 4 hemoptysis. Conclusions:Ig-HypoRT combined with contralateral esophageal protection for unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC can improve survival rate and reduce esophageal adverse reactions of patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 712-720, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacies of O-arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system assisted screw placement versus manual screw placement in treating lower cervical fracture and dislocation.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 41 patients with lower cervical fracture and dislocation, who were treated in Honghui Hospital, Xi′an Jiaotong University from May 2021 to February 2022. The patients included 26 males and 15 females, aged 31.5-48.6 years [(41.5±15.0)years]. The injured segments were C 3 in 3 patients, C 4 in 12, C 5 in 13, C 6 in 10 and C 7 in 3. Nineteen patients were treated with cervical pedicle screws by O-shaped arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system (navigation group, 76 screws) and 22 by bare hands (traditional group, 88 screws). The total operation time, effective operation time, single nail placement time, single screw correction times, screw distance from anterior cortex, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopic radiation dose, incision length and length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups, and the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle, interbody slip distance and American Spinal injury Association (ASIA) grade were compared before operation and at 3 days after operation. Visual analogue score (VAS), Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, and neck dysfunction index (NDI) were evaluated before operation, at 3 days, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up. Accuracy of screw placement and incidence of complications (adjacent facet joint invasion, infection, screw loosening) were detected as well. Results:All the patients were followed up for 11.1-13.9 months [(12.5±1.4)months]. The total operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopic radiation dose and incision length in the navigation group were more or longer than those in the traditional group (all P<0.05). The effective operation time, single nail placement time, single nail correction times and screw distance from anterior cortex in the navigation group were markedly less or smaller than those in the traditional group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the length of hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were significant improvements in the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle and interbody slip distance between the two groups at 3 days after operation (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the height of intervertebral space, Cobb angle, interbody slip distance or ASIA grade between the two groups before operation or at 3 days after operation (all P>0.05). Compared with pre-operation, the VAS, JOA score and NDI were significantly improved in both groups at 3 days, 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up (all P<0.05), with further improvement with time. There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups before operation or at 3 months after operation (all P>0.05), but it was markedly lower in the navigation group compared with the traditional group at 3 days after operation and at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in JOA score or NDI between the two groups before operation or at 3 days and 3 months after operation (all P>0.05), but both were lower in the navigation group compared with the traditional group at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). The accuracies of placement of grade 0 and grade 0+1 screws were 92.0% (70/76) and 96.6% (73/76) in the navigation group, respectively, which were markedly higher than 88.7% (78/88) and 93.5% (82/88) in the traditional group (all P<0.05). The rates of adjacent facet joint invasion of A, B, and C degrees were 71.2% (54/76), 28.8% (22/76) and 0% (0/76) in the navigation group, respectively, while the invasion rates were 60.5% (53/88), 32.3% (28/88) and 7.3% (7/88) in the traditional group ( P<0.05). No screw loosening was noted in the navigation group, but the screw loosening rate was 9.1% (8/88) in the traditional group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Compared with manual screw placement, O-arm combined with CT three-dimensional navigation system assisted screw placement for lower cervical fracture and dislocation has the advantages of shorter effective operation time, quicker screw placement, stronger screw holding force, better cervical stability, slighter postoperative pain, higher screw placement accuracy, and lower facet joint invasion and screw loosening rates.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 619-626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacies of robot-assisted and free-hand long segment screw fixation combined with wedge osteotomy in the treatment of type IV chronic symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures (CSOVCFs).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 72 patients with type IV CSOVCFs who were admitted to Honghui Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from May 2019 to December 2021, including 22 males and 46 females; aged 61-82 years [(71.2±12.3)years]. Fracture segments were located at T 11-T 12 in 37 patients and at L 1-L 2 in 31. A total of 32 patients were treated with robot-assisted long segment screw fixation combined with wedge osteotomy (robot group) and 36 with free-hand long segment screw fixation combined with wedge osteotomy (free-hand group). The operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, dosage of radiation exposure, intraoperative needle adjustment, time of single pedicle screw placement and accuracy of pedicle screw placement were compared between the two groups. The kyphotic Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar kyphosis (LL), visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were measured preoperatively, at 3 days postoperatively and at the last follow-up. The incidences of facet joint violation, deviation in guide needle placement, cerebrospinal leak and proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) were observed. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-26 months [(18.2±5.1)months]. The operation time and time of single pedicle screw placement showed no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). The intraoperative bleeding volume was (502.5±58.3)ml in the robot group, less than that in the free-hand group [(690.2±45.9)ml]. The dosage of radiation exposure was (32.6±10.8)μSv in the robot group, lower than that in the free-hand group [(48.6±15.2)μSv]. The intraoperative needle adjustment was (2.1±0.3)times in the robot group, higher than that in the free-hand group [(20.7±5.8)times], and the accuracy of pedicle screw placement was 99.7% in the robot group, less than that in the free-hand group (91.8%) (all P<0.01). Compared with pre-operation, the kyphotic Cobb angle, SVA, TK and LL were significantly improved in both groups at postoperative 3 days and at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). Compared with postoperative 3 days, the kyphotic Cobb angle, SVA and TK were increased at the last follow-up within the two groups, but with no significant differences (all P>0.05). Compared with postoperative 3 days, the LL was decreased within the two groups at the last follow-up, but with no significant differences (all P>0.05). The VAS and ODI in the two groups were significantly lower at postoperative 3 days and at the last follow-up when compared with those before operation (all P<0.05), and both values were significantly lower at the last follow-up than those at postoperative 3 days (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the VAS or ODI at all time points between the two groups (all P>0.05). The incidence of facet joint violation in the robot group was 1.6%, markedly lower than that in the free-hand group (9.6%) ( P<0.01). The incidences of deviation in guide needle placement, cerebrospinal leak and PJK showed no differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:For type IV CSOVCFs, the robot-assisted long segment screw fixation combined with wedge osteotomy can better reduce intraoperative blood loss, decrease radiation exposure, improve accuracy of pedicle screw placement, and reduce facet joint violation when compared with free-hand long segment screw fixation combined with wedge osteotomy.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 120-123, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of cervical region Ⅱ and oral target area optimization on therapeutic efficacy, salivary gland function and oral mucosal response during intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for oropharyngeal cancer.Methods:A total of 50 patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in Xuzhou Cancer Hospital from January 2012 to May 2017 were collected. According to the random number table, they were divided into normal radiotherapy group (the control group), oral and cervical target area optimization group (the observation group), 25 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with IMRT and platinum-chemotherapy. The control group received bilateral cervical region Ⅱ-Ⅳ lymphatic drainage area irradiation (the positive side of the cervical lymph node included Ⅰ B region), and bilateral cervical region Ⅱ was given a tumor dose of 60 Gy (positive lymph nodes were given intensified irradiation); the observation group was optimized for the target area, and the contralateral cervical region Ⅱ B (the side with no positive lymph node) was given a tumor dose of 50 Gy; the observation group's oral structure was delineated as an organ at risk and the average radiation dose (D mean) was limited to <32 Gy. The differences in radiation dose of parotid gland, acute oral mucosal reaction and long-term xerostomia (6 months after the end of radiotherapy), objective remission rate (ORR), local recurrence rate (LRR), 3-year overall survival (OS) were compared between the two groups. Results:In the control group, the contralateral parotid gland D mean was (29±4) Gy, the proportion of irradiation volume exposed to 34 Gy (V 34) was (48±5)%; in the observation group, contralateral parotid gland D mean was (23±3) Gy, V 34 was (41±5)%, and there are statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t values were 6.14, 4.98, all P < 0.05). In the control group, oral D mean was (35±6) Gy, the proportion of volume exposed to 30 Gy (V 30) was (36±5)%; in the observation group oral D mean was (29±4) Gy, V 30 was (28±4)%, and there were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t values were 4.11, 5.98, all P < 0.05). The incidence of ≥ grade Ⅱ acute oral mucosal adverse reaction and the duration time of oral mucosal ≥ 2 weeks was 64% (16/25) and 76% (19/25), respectively in the control group, 36% (9/25) and 40% (10/25), respectively in the observation group; and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 values were 3.92, 6.65; P values were 0.048, 0.009). The incidence of ≥ grade Ⅱ long-term xerostomia reaction was 72% (18/25) and 44% (11/25), respectively in the control group and the observation group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.02, P = 0.044). The ORR, LRR, and 3-year OS rates were 80%, 28%, 48% in the control group, and 76%, 24%, 44% in the observation group. There was no statistically significant difference in the OS between the two groups ( χ2 = 0.04, P = 0.849). Conclusions:Optimization of the target area of the oral and cervical region Ⅱ during IMRT for oropharyngeal carcinoma can improve the function of salivary glands, thereby reducing dry mouth and oral mucosal reactions, improving the quality of life of patients; and it does not affect the efficacy of tumor treatment.

8.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 720-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006667

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the clinical effect of unilateral double-channel endoscope-assisted bone graft fusion and internal fixation (ULIF) in the treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation. 【Methods】 The clinical data of 22 patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation treated by ULIF in our hospital from August 2020 to October 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The study indicators included intraoperative blood loss, operation time, bed rest time, and hospital stay. The follow-up data included visual analogue score (VAS) of low back pain, Japanese Orthopaedic Association score (JOA), OSwestry disability index (ODI) score, as well as 36 concise health status survey (SF-36) scores before operation, and 1 week and 6 months after operation. 【Results】 The average operation time was (179.15±42.06) minutes, the average intraoperative blood loss was (132.67±41.92) mL, the average bed rest time was (1.51±0.42) days, and the average hospital stay was (4.82±1.13) days. The VAS score of low back pain at 1 week after operation was lower than that before operation (all P<0.000 1), and further decreased during the follow-up. The ODI score, JOA score and SF-36 score of postoperative follow-up were significantly different from those before operation (P<0.05). The satisfaction rate was 86.4% at 1 week after operation and 95.4% at 6 months after operation. The proportion of significant clinical efficacy at 1 week after operation and postoperative 6 months was 18.2% and 63.6%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 ULIF has the advantages of short-term recovery, less intraoperative blood loss, short bed rest and hospital stay, and good medium-term clinical effect. It is a safe and reliable minimally invasive technique for spinal surgeons in the treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 205-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of cement displacement after percutaneous vertebral augmentation in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:A case-control analysis was made on clinical data of 1 538 patients with OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2016 to June 2021. There were 377 males and 1 161 females, aged from 45-115 years [(71.7±10.8)years]. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PKP) was performed. Patients were divided into cement displacement group ( n=78) and cement non-displacement group ( n=1 460) according to the radiographic outcomes. Factors related to cement displacement were analyzed by univariate analysis, including age, gender, body mass index (BMI), preoperative bone mineral density, underlying diseases, involved vertebral segments, surgical methods, surgical approaches, cement leakage (anterior edge), viscosity of cement, dispersion ratio of cement, degree of cement interweaving, sagittal position of cement, targeted location of cement, distance from cement to upper and lower endplates and duration of brace wearing. Independent risk factors for bone cement displacement were identified by multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Results:Univariate analysis showed that bone cement displacement was significantly correlated with BMI, preoperative bone mineral density, involved vertebral segments, operation methods, cement leakage (anterior edge), viscosity of cement, dispersion ratio of cement, degree of cement interweaving, sagittal position of cement, targeted location of cement, distance from cement to upper and lower endplates and duration of brace wearing (all P<0.05), but there was no correlation with gender, age, underlying diseases or surgicales approach (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that the preoperative bone mineral density ( OR=2.45, 95% CI 1.81-7.50, P<0.01), operation methods ( OR=4.56, 95% CI 1.86-8.44, P<0.01), cement leakage (anterior edge) ( OR=5.77, 95% CI 2.85-9.20, P<0.01), viscosity of cement ( OR=7.36, 95% CI 1.01-1.77, P<0.01), dispersion ratio of cement ( OR=6.84, 95% CI 1.69-13.39, P<0.01), degree of cement interweaving ( OR=8.97, 95% CI 2.29- 14.97, P<0.01), sagittal position of cement ( OR=6.39, 95% CI 1.06-9.47, P<0.01), targeted location of cement ( OR=7.93, 95% CI 1.64-11.84, P<0.01), distance from cement to upper and lower endplates ( OR=6.78, 95% CI 1.84-6.96, P<0.01) and duration of brace wearing ( OR=9.55, 95% CI 2.26- 9.38, P<0.01) were significantly correlated with bone cement displacement after percutaneous vertebral augmentation. Conclusion:Low bone mineral density preoperatively, PKP, cement leakage into the vertebral anterior edge, low viscosity of cement, small dispersion ratio of cement, small degree of cement interweaving, cement filling in the anterior 1/3 and anterior middle 2/3 of the vertebral body in sagittal plane, non-targeted injection of cement, long distance from cement to upper and lower endplates and short duration of brace wearing are independent risk factors of cement displacement after percutaneous vertebral augmentation for OVCF.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 296-301, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928908

ABSTRACT

Blood glucose monitoring is of great significance to diabetic patients, and the development of rapid, accurate and real-time glucose detection technology has become a research hotspot nowadays. This study introduces the concept and classification of the enzyme-free glucose sensor, expounds enzymefree glucose sensor electrode characterization methods and the application progress of different materials in enzyme-free blood glucose sensors. Meanwhile, some problems of enzyme-free glucose sensor existing in the current research and its future application prospects also will be discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Glucose , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Electrodes , Glucose , Monitoring, Physiologic
11.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 239-244, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973488

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of multimedia information technologies on precision radiotherapy of head and neck malignant tumors (HNT). Methods A total of 96 patients with HNT recruited from 2016 to 2019 were randomly assignedto group A and group B with the same planning methodand therapists/technicians. Conventional and multimedia information technologies were respectively used in group A and group B for medical science popularization, individualized education, and doctor-patient communication before radiotherapy planning and positioning. Medical compliance, radiotherapy responses, setup errors, and machine occupancy time were investigated. Results Medical compliance was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in group A (96.5%) than in group B (73.8%). Skin acute radiation reaction was significantly lower (P < 0.05) in group A than in group B. Three-dimensional absolute setup errors were 0.69 ± 0.29 mm, 0.97 ± 0.69 mm, and 0.79 ± 0.47 mm in group A, which were significantly lower than 1.39 ± 0.81 mm, 1.87 ± 1.19 mm, and 2.50 ± 0.99 mm in group B(P < 0.05). Traditional three-dimensional setup errors were 0.73 ± 0.39 mm, 0.51 ± 0.69 mm, and 0.74 ± 0.17 mm in group A, which were significantly lower than 1.32 ± 0.76 mm, 1.89 ± 1.21 mm, and 1.37 ± 0.57 mm in group B (P < 0.05). Planning time was 145.15 ± 28.45 sin group A, which was significantly lower than 240.38 ± 50.45 sin group B (P < 0.05). Positioning time was 115.15 ± 18.45 s in group A, which was significantly lower than 173.38 ± 24.45 sin group B (P < 0.05). Conclusion The application of multimedia information technologies inmedical science popularization, individualized education, and doctor-patient communication forpatients who received precision radiotherapy for HNT can significantly increase patient compliance, alleviate acute radiation reactions, reduce setup errors, and shorten the machine occupancy time of planning and positioning.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 632-637, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application effect of discharge planning based on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (OTLF).Methods:A retrospective cohort analysis was made on clinical information of 230 OTLF patients treated in Honghui Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January to December 2020, including 44 males and 186 females, aged 53-92 years [(72.0±9.9)years]. A total of 115 patients receiving conventional nursing intervention from January to June 2020 were enrolled in regular nursing group and 115 patients receiving discharge planning intervention based on ERAS from July to December 2020 were enrolled in discharge planning group. The length of hospital stay, readiness for hospital discharge scale (RHDS) at 4 hours before discharge, caregiver preparedness scale (CPS) on admission and at 4 hours before discharge, discharge rate before 12∶00, Chinese osteoporosis quality of life short questionnaire (COQOL) on admission and at 6 months after surgery, and re-fracture rate were compared in the two groups.Results:The patients were followed up for 6 months, except for 3 patients lost to follow up in discharge planning group and 4 patients in regular nursing group. The length of hospital stay was (2.8±0.6)days in discharge planning group and (2.6±0.7)days in regular nursing group ( P>0.05). The RHDS in discharge planning group was significantly greater at 4 hours before discharge when compared with regular nursing group [(103.0±8.3)points vs. (95.3±9.5)points] ( P<0.01). The two groups had no significant difference in CPS at admittance ( P>0.05), but a significantly greater CPS was found in discharge planning group at 4 hours before discharge when compared with regular nursing group [(28.9±3.5)points vs. (24.3±4.8)points] ( P<0.01). The discharge rate before 12∶00 in discharge planning group was significantly higher when compared with regular nursing group [27.7%(31/115) vs. 15.3%(17/115)] ( P<0.05). The COQOL was similar at admittance between the two groups ( P>0.05), but a significantly lower score was found in discharge planning group than that in regular nursing group [(21.6±6.2)points vs. (26.6±6.9)points] ( P<0.01). A significantly lower re-fracture rate was found in discharge planning group at 6 months after surgery when compared with regular nursing group [4.5%(5/112) vs. 12.6%(14/111)] ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For OTLF patients, discharge planning based on ERAS is superior to regular nursing in improving the readiness for hospital discharge, caregiver preparedness, quality of life and management of beds, and lowering re-fracture rate.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 61-70, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of modified Liuwei Dihuangtang on serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), full-length intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D<sub>3 </sub>[1,25(OH)<sub>2</sub>D<sub>3</sub>] levels and Klotho and FGF23 protein expression in renal and bone tissues of rats exposed to high phosphorus combined with adenine, so as to explore the mechanism of modified Liuwei Dihuangtang against renal osteopathy. Method:One hundred and thirty healthy adult SD rats were randomly divided into five groups, namely normal group(<italic>n</italic>=10),high phosphorus group(<italic>n</italic>=30),model group(<italic>n</italic>=30),modified Liuwei Dihuangtang group(<italic>n</italic>=30) , and calcitriol group(<italic>n</italic>=30),and rats in each group were further classified based on three time points, namely 8,10, and 12 weeks. Rats in the normal group were fed with normal diet, the ones in the high phosphorus group with high phosphorus diet, and those in the other groups with adenine and high phosphorus diet for inducing renal osteopathy. Rats in the normal group,high phosphorus group, and model group were intragastrically administered with distilled water (10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>),the ones in the modified Liuwei Dihuangtang group with modified Liuwei Dihuangtang (2.556 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) , and those in the calcitriol group with calcitriol (0.09 μg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>). Result:Compared with the normal group and high phosphorus group at the weeks of 8,10 and 12,the model group displayed significantly elevated blood urea nitrogen(BUN),serum creatinine(SCr),serum phosphorus,iPTH,FGF23,renal interstitial fibrosis score, and FGF23 expression in renal and bone tissues, but lowered serum calcium and 1,25(OH)<sub>2</sub>D<sub>3</sub> and Klotho protein expression in renal and bone tissues(<italic>P</italic><0.05 ,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group at the weeks of 8,10 and 12, the modified Liuwei Dihuangtang and calcitriol both significantly decreased the serum BUN,SCr,serum phosphorus,iPTH, FGF23, tubulointerstitial semi-quantitative score, and FGF23 expression in renal and bone tissues, while increased the serum calcium,1,25(OH)<sub>2</sub>D<sub>3</sub>, and Klotho protein expression in renal and bone tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). There was no significant difference in the above-mentioned indexes between the modified Liuwei Dihuangtang group and the calcitriol group at the same time point. Conclusion:Klotho-FGF23 axis is probably involved in renal osteopathy. The modified Liuwei Dihuangtang effectively improves renal function,alleviates pathological changes in renal and bone tissues,and regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism to protect the bone, which is related to its regulation of Klotho-FGF23 axis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 326-332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of unilateral puncture techniques in high-viscosity cement percutanueous vertebroplasty (PVP) in treatment of type I chronic symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (CSOVCF).Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 119 patients with type I CSOVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2013 to December 2016. There were 42 males and 77 females, aged 58-95 years [(79.2±15.6)years]. All patients had bone mineral density of -4.5--2.5 SD [(-3.9±0.2)SD] (T score). The fractured segments included L 1-L 2 in 56 patients and L 3-L 5 in 63. All patients were treated by high-viscosity cement PVP with the unilateral puncture of transverse process and superior articular process in unilateral group ( n=60) and by the bilateral puncture approach with the Magerl method in bilaleral group ( n=59). The operation time, cement injection volume, and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae and Cobb angle were measured before operation, at postoperative 1 day and at the last follow-up. The adjacent vertebral fracture, cement leakage and other complications were recorded. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-48 months [(24.1±5.6)months]. The operation time in unilateral group [(21.5±6.5)minutes] was significantly shorter than that in bilateral group [(37.8±7.4)minutes] ( P<0.05). The cement injection volume in unilateral group [(4.2±0.7)ml] was less than that in bilateral group [(6.5±1.1)ml]( P<0.05). The intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency in unilateral group [(14.2±3.0)times] was less than that in bilateral group [(31.4±6.4)times] ( P<0.05). Both groups showed significant improvements in VAS, ODI, anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae and Cobb angle at postoperative 1 day and at the last follow-up compared with these before operation ( P<0.05), but there were no significant differences after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of adjacent vertebral fracture was 5%(3/60) in unilateral group and 8% (5/59) in bilaleral group ( P>0.05). Four patients (7%) had cement leakage in unilateral group and 11 patients (19%) in bilateral group ( P<0.05). No complications of wound infection, nerve injury or pulmonary embolism occurred. Conclusion:Compared with Magerl bilateral puncture approach, high-viscosity cement PVP with unilateral puncture of transverse process and superior articular process in treatment of type I CSOVCF has advantages of shorter operation time, less trauma, less radiation exposure and lower cement leakage rate.

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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 318-325, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) at stage I in treatment of acute multi-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in the elderly with over 3 vertebrae operated.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 105 aged patients with acute multi-segment OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from October 2015 to February 2019. There were 27 males and 78 females, aged 65-92 years [(73.0±14.5)years]. All patients received stage I multi-segmental PVP and standard anti-osteoporosis treatment. There were more than 3 operative vertebral segments in 30 patients (observation group) and less than or equal to 3 operative vertebral segments in 75 patients (control group). The operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, cement injection volume, cement leakage rate and incidence of recurrent vertebral fractures were compared between the two groups. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and activity of daily living (ADL) score were compared before operation, 1 day, 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 11-13 months [(12.5±1.8)months]. The observation group showed operation time of (71.2±12.2)minutes, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency of (38.8±6.4)times and cement injection volume of (20.2±4.6)ml, more than those in control group [(52.3±10.6)minutes, (25.4±5.3)times, (12.3±4.3)ml] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cement leakage rate and incidence of recurrent vertebral fractures between the two groups ( P>0.05). No complications such as infection, nerve damage or cement implantation syndrome occurred. Before operation, 1 day after operation, 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up, the VAS in observation group [(7.6±0.7)points, (3.0±0.8)points, (2.3±0.7)points, (2.2±0.6)points] showed no significant difference from those in control group [(7.4±0.5)points, (2.9±0.4)points, (2.1±0.5)points, (2.0±0.5)points], the ODI in observation group [(74.6±3.3)%, (36.8±4.6)%, (29.7±4.0)%, (24.0±3.6)%] did not differ from those in control group [(73.8±1.0)%, (35.1±0.9)%, (28.4±2.2)%, (22.8±0.9)%], the ADL score in observation group [(34.5±5.0)points, (54.5±3.8)points, (73.7±3.9)points] were similar with those in control group [(36.2±3.4)points, (56.8±4.7)points, (75.3±5.3)points, (81.3±4.5)points] (all P>0.05). The postoperative VAS, ODI and ADL score in both groups were significantly improved in comparison with preoperation ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For acute multi-segment OVCF in the elderly with over 3 or not more than 3 the vertebrae operated, PVP at stage I has the same advantages in early pain relief and improvement of motor function and quality of life.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 20-26, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between puncture assisted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot versus freehand puncture in vertebroplaty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF) of the upper thoracic vertebra.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 19 patients (20 vertebral bodies) with OVCF of the upper thoracic vertebra who had been treated at Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital from January 2018 to March 2019 by robotic vertebroplasty (robot group) and of another 21 counterpart patients (21 vertebral bodies) who had been treated by conventional vertebroplasty from January 2016 to December 2017 (freehand group). Puncture was conducted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot in the robotic vertebroplasty but freehand in the conventional vertebroplasty. The robot group had 5 males and 14 females, aged from 62 to 88 years; the freehand group had 6 males and 15 females, aged from 64 to 83 years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, bone cement volume, postoperative complications (cement leakage, infection and embolism), visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), anterior height (AH) and kyphosis angulation (KA) of the injured vertebra at day 1 and last follow-up after surgery.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in the preoperative general data ( P>0.05). Vertebroplasty via unilateral puncture approach was completed uneventfully in the 19 patients (20 vertebral bodies) in the robot group and in the 21 patients (21 vertebral bodies) in the freehand group. The 40 patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months (mean, 8.3 month). The operation time [(37.9±8.2) min], bone cement volume [(2.3±0.9) mL] and rate of cement leakage (10.0%, 2/20) in the robot group were all significantly less or lower than those in the freehand group [(46.2±9.4) min, (4.2±1.3) mL and 42.9% (9/21)] ( P<0.05). No infection or embolism was observed in either group. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in VAS, ODI, AH or KA of the injured vertebra at day 1 or last follow-up after surgery ( P>0.05). Conclusion:In vertebroplaty for OVCF of the upper thoracic vertebra, compared with conventional freehand puncture, puncture assisted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot can lead to satisfactory clinical efficacy because it reduces operation time, volume of bone cement injection, and thus incidence of bone cement leakage.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 315-320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974374

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between the ratio of target volume to lung volume and the prescription dose in intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for esophageal cancer, so as to help clinicians to choose the appropriate prescription dose according to the target situation. Methods 80 patients with esophageal cancer were randomly selected. The lesion range included all types of esophageal cancer, and the target area was outlined according to ICRU (International Commission Radiological Units) 50 and ICRU62. Set statistical parameters and plan objectives. Statistical analysis was performed according to the statistical results of the parameters. The critical value of volume ratio is obtained by fitting calculation. Results there was a positive linear correlation between volume ratio and lung V5, V20, V30 and average lung dose. The critical value of volume ratio is 10% for 60 Gy and 13% for 50 Gy. Conclusion according to the research results, it can be predicted that when the ratio of target volume to lung volume is more than 10%, the prescribed dose should not be higher than 60 Gy; when the ratio of target volume to lung volume is more than 13%, the prescribed dose should be selected cautiously, meanwhile in the condition of whose target volume exceeds lung segment the prescribed dose. This provides a reference for clinicians when choose the prescription dose and target range while making the target delineation.

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Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 216-220, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of radiotherapy on the quality of life (QOL) of patients with bone metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma by analyzing the Function Assessment of Cancer Treatment(FACT), and to analyze the influence of clinical factors on the improvement of the QOL after radiotherapy.Methods:The FACT bone pain scale in 43 patients with bone metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma before and after radiotherapy was retrospectively analyzed. The changes in QOL score before and after radiotherapy were analyzed by T test from five aspects: overall QOL score, general functional status, pain degree, physical function and social psychology. Further analysis was made on the scores of patients whose QOL had not been improved. Chi-square test was used to analyze the correlation between clinical factors and QOL improvement after radiotherapy. Results:After radiotherapy, the QOL of patients were improved in all aspects compared with those before radiotherapy, and there were statistical differences ( t=7.621, 5.887, 9.407, 7.785, 4.487, P<0.05). In patients whose QOL did not improve after radiotherapy, the scores of overall QOL and psychosocial assessment decreased significantly, and there were significant differences ( t=3.381, 4.982, P<0.05). Among the clinical factors, soft tissue mass at bone metastasis site and radiotherapy prescription dose had significant effects on the improvement of patients′ life after radiotherapy (χ 2=5.180, 7.457, P<0.05). Whether there were soft tissue masses in bone metastases before radiotherapy, the improvement rates of QOL after radiotherapy were 50.00% and 85% respectively. The improvement rates of QOL after radiotherapy were 44.44% and 84% in patients with prescription dose of <40 Gy and≥40 Gy respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that soft tissue mass at bone metastasis site, the dose of radiotherapy prescription and numeric rating scale (NRS) of pain had more significant effects on QOL ( OR=0.296, 0.020, 1.592, P<0.05). Conclusions:Radiotherapy at bone metastasis sites can significantly improve the QOL of liver cancer patients with bone metastasis. Psychosocial status can affect the QOL of patients. In the case of soft tissue mass in bone metastasis site, the prescription dose of radiotherapy (≥40 Gy) can better improve the QOL.

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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1060-1067, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799880

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the efficacy of unilateral and bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs).@*Methods@#A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 234 OVCFs patients admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University Medical College from June 2014 to January 2016. There were 95 males and 139 females, aged 60-89 years, with an average age of 68.3 years. The fractured segments included T11 in 45 patients, T12 in 65 patients, L1 in 72 patients, and L2 in 52 patients. A total of 116 patients were treated with PKP through unilateral puncture of transverse process and superior articular process (unilateral group), and 118 patients were treated with PKP through bilateral puncture of Magerl (bilateral group). The operation time, radiation exposure, bone cement injection and leakage were compared between the two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy and life quality improvement. The distribution of bone cement was observed by CT. The complications were recorded.@*Results@#All patients were followed up for 25-36 months, with an average of 27 months. The operation time of unilateral group [(19.6±5.3)minutes] was significantly shorter than that of bilateral group [(35.6±8.9)minutes]; the radiation exposure [(0.65±0.22)mSv] was lower than that of bilateral group [(1.69±0.58)mSv]; the bone cement injection [(5.3±0.8)ml] was less than that of bilateral group [(6.5±1.3)ml] (P<0.05). The postoperative X-ray showed that 10 patients (8.6%) in the unilateral group and 22 patients (18.6%) in the bilateral group (P<0.05) were found with bone segment leakage, although without clinical symptoms. The postoperative VAS and ODI of the two groups were significantly improved than before operation (P<0.01), and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). Bone cement was mainly distributed in the front and middle of the vertebral body (A2, B1, C2, D1) in the unilateral group and in the front 2/3 of the vertebral body (A, B, C, D) in the bilateral group. There were in total 10 patients with cerebrospinal fluid during intraoperative puncture, including two patients in the unilateral group and eight patients in the bilateral group (P>0.05). The puncture direction was adjusted during the operation, and there was no neurological damage after the operation. There were 16 patients with local pain caused by small joint injury, including two patients in unilateral group and 14 patients in bilateral group (P<0.05). The pain was relieved one month after physical treatment. A total of 30 patients had vertebral fracture again, including 18 in unilateral group and 12 in bilateral group (P>0.05), all of whom were treated with PKP again.@*Conclusion@#Compared with Magerl bilateral approach, PKP for OVCFs has the advantages of shorter operation time, less radiation exposure, low leakage rate of bone cement and good distribution of bone cement.

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Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 320-323, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756749

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of large fraction intensity modulated radiation therapy combined with apatinib in the treatment of elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer and superior vena cava syndrome. Methods A retrospective analysis was made on 46 elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer and superior vena cava syndrome who were admitted to Xuzhou Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu University from February 2015 to December 2017. The patients were divided into observation group and control group with 23 cases in each group. The control group received radiation therapy only. Apatinib was enrolled in the observation group on the first day synchronously. The remission time of symptoms, short-term efficacy, occurrence of adverse reactions and 1-year overall survival rate were observed and compared between the two groups. Results The complete remission rate was 78.3% (18/23) in the observation group and 43.3% (10/23) in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2 = 4.60, P < 0.05). The effective response rate was 86.9% (21/23) in the observation group and 65.2% (15/23) in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2 = 4.294, P < 0.05). The main adverse reactions in the two groups were radioactive esophagitis, radiation pneumonitis and leukopenia, and most of them were grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ, there was no significant difference between the two groups (all P > 0.05). The 1-year overall survival rate was 56% in the observation group and 40% in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P = 0.009). Conclusion Large fraction intensity modulated radiation therapy combined with apatinib is effective in the treatment of elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer and superior vena cava syndrome, and theadverse reactions are well tolerated.

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