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1.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 193-199, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981854

ABSTRACT

Talent is one of the basic and strategic supports for building a modern socialist country in all aspects. Since the 1980s, the establishment of forensic medicine major and the cultivation of innovative talents in forensic medicine have become hot topics in higher education in forensic medicine. Over the past 43 years, the forensic medicine team of Shanxi Medical University has adhered to the joint education of public security and colleges, and made collaborative innovation, forming a training mode of "One Combination, Two Highlights, Three Combinations, Four in One" for innovative talents in forensic medicine. It has carried out "5+3/X" integrated reform, and formed a relatively complete talent training innovation mode and management system in teaching, scientific research, identification, major, discipline, team, platform and cultural construction. It has made a historic contribution to China's higher forensic education, accumulated valuable experience for the construction of first-class major and first-class discipline of forensic medicine, and provided strong support for the construction of the national new forensic talent training system. The popularization of this training mode is conducive to the rapid and sustainable development of forensic science, and provides more excellent forensic talents for national building, regional social development and the discipline construction of forensic science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/education , Aptitude
2.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 126-129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970724

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the correlation between ceramic and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and explore its related risk factors. Methods: In January 2021, five representative ceramic enterprises were selected from Chancheng District, Nanhai District, Gaoming District and Sanshui District of Foshan City. The ceramic workers who came to Chancheng Hospital of Foshan First People's Hospital for physical examination from January to October 2021 were selected as the research objects, and 525 people were included. Conduct questionnaire survey and pulmonary function test. Logistic regresion was performed to analyze the influencing facters of COPD among ceramic workers. Results: The subjects were (38.51±1.25) years old, 328 males and 197 females, and the detection rate of COPD was 9.52% (50/525). The incidence of respiratory symptoms such as dyspnea, chronic cough, wheezing and chest tightness, the detection rates of abnormal lung age, abnormal lung function and COPD in males were higher than those in females (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that male, age, working years, smoking status and family history of COPD were the risk factors for COPD among ceramic workers (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The ceramic workers are the high risk population of COPD. We should do a good job in health education, and do a regular physical examination to find the changes of lung function in time, and prevent the occurrence of COPD as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Ceramics , Health Education , Hospitals , Physical Examination
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 207-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978467

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths, and standard treatments for lung cancer, including surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy, have shown significant clinical effects. However, current available treatment strategies are still unable to cure the disease. Since the majority of lung cancer patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage, surgical options are often lost, and the primary approach is typically a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, the adverse reactions associated with these treatments limit their effectiveness and application, and the damage caused to normal tissues is often more severe than that inflicted on the tumor. Currently, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used as part of combination therapy for cancer treatment due to its unique system of syndrome differentiation, flexible compatibility, and safety and efficacy. TCM prescriptions and single drugs with multiple components and targets can simultaneously regulate multiple pathways. As reported, among numerous pathways involved in the regulation of lung cancer, the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway plays a key role in inducing cell transcription and is one of the main pathways involved in the occurrence and development of lung cancer. It can specifically regulate inflammatory responses, cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis, angiogenesis, and multidrug resistance in lung cancer. TCM prescriptions and single drugs can inhibit lung cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis, induce apoptosis and autophagy in lung cancer cells, suppress angiogenesis, regulate immune function, and treat multidrug resistance by regulating the NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, they play a role in intervening in lung cancer. However, there is currently a lack of systematic literature research that comprehensively summarizes and elucidates these aspects in China and abroad. Therefore, it is important to provide a systematic elucidation of the mechanism underlying the regulation of the NF-κB signaling pathway in lung cancer and review TCM interventions in lung cancer based on the NF-κB signaling pathway. This study is expected to provide references for the clinical application of lung cancer therapeutic drugs and the development of new drugs.

5.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 93-103, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914208

ABSTRACT

Background@#Both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with an elevated risk of morbidity and mortality yet with increasing heterogeneity. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the prevalence of MetS among adult patients with T1DM in China and investigate its associated risk factors, and relationship with microvascular complications. @*Methods@#We included adult patients who had been enrolled in the Guangdong T1DM Translational Medicine Study conducted from June 2010 to June 2015. MetS was defined according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Program criterion. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) for the association between MetS and the risk of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). @*Results@#Among the 569 eligible patients enrolled, the prevalence of MetS was 15.1%. While female gender, longer diabetes duration, higher body mass index, and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were risk factors associated with MetS (OR, 2.86, 1.04, 1.14, and 1.23, respectively), received nutrition therapy education was a protective factor (OR, 0.46). After adjustment for gender, age, diabetes duration, HbA1c, socioeconomic and lifestyle variables, MetS status was associated with an increased risk of DKD and DR (OR, 2.14 and 3.72, respectively; both P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Although the prevalence of MetS in adult patients with T1DM in China was relatively low, patients with MetS were more likely to have DKD and DR. A comprehensive management including lifestyle modification might reduce their risk of microvascular complications in adults with T1DM.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 443-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935305

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from outbreaks cases in Guangdong Province, 2017-2020. Methods: Epidemiological characteristics of 87 outbreak events caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus were analyzed. Strains were serotyped, and then analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Results: The food-borne disease outbreak caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus was found in 16 cities. 44.8% (39/87) and 37.9% (33/87) of the outbreaks occurred in hotels, restaurants and school canteens, respectively. Improper food processing and storage (40.2%, 35/87) and cross contamination caused by indiscriminate raw and cooked food (25.3%, 22/87) were the main causes of food-borne disease outbreaks of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The main serotypes of patient derived strains were O3:K6 (87.5%) and O4:KUT (22.5%). The similarity value between O3:K6 type isolates was 65.5%-100.0%, and the PFGE pattern similarity value of O4:KUT type isolates was 66.5%-100.0%. Conclusion: Outbreaks caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus are widely distributed in Guangdong province. It is necessary to strengthen the publicity and education on the correct handling of food in hotels, restaurants, schools, and unit canteens. O3:K6 and O4:KUT serotypes are the main serotypes of the outbreak. There is genetic diversity among the epidemic strains.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Foodborne Diseases/epidemiology , Serotyping , Vibrio Infections/epidemiology , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 197-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935202

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical manifestation, pathological type, treatment and prognosis of primary lung tumors in children. Methods: We collected and retrospectively analyzed the clinical manifestation, pathological type, therapeutic method and prognosis of 56 primary lung tumors patients who diagnosed from 2009 to 2019 in Guangzhou Women and Children Medical Center. Results: There were 56 patients identified as the primary lung tumors, including pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB, n=28), pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor(IMT, n=20), mucoepidermoid carcinoma(n=6), infantile hemangioma (n=1), pulmonary sclerosing hermangioma(n=1). Respiratory symptoms were the most manifestation at the time of diagnosis including 26 patients with cough, 3 with hemoptysis, and 17 with dyspnea. Others included 15 with fever, 3 with chest pain, and 2 with epigastiric pain. The primary tumor of 18 cases were located in the lower lobe of left lung, 11 cases in the lower lobe of right lung, 10 cases in the upper lobe of left lung, 7 cases in the upper lobe of right lung, 6 cases in the middle lobe of right lung, and 4 cases in pulmonary hilum. Among the 56 patients, 41 patients underwent thoracotomy, 13 thoracoscopy, and 2 fiberoptic bronchoscopy. Five patients with type Ⅰ PPB were still alive at the end of follow-up without chemotherapy. Among 5 patients with type Ⅱ PPB, 2 patients without chemotherapy died after recurrence, 3 patients suffered postoperative chemotherapy were still alive at the end of follow-up. All of the 18 patients with type Ⅲ PPB underwent postoperative chemotherapy with IVADo regimen. Recurrence occurred in 6 cases, distant metastasis occurred in 3 cases, and cancer-related deaths occurred in 8 cases. For 20 patients with IMT, recurrence occurred in 5 of 13 patients experienced wedge resection, 1 of 6 patients experienced lobectomy and 1 of 6 underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy, respectively. For 6 mucoepidermoid carcinoma patients, lobectomy was carried on 5 patients, wedge resection on 1 patient, all of them were still alive at the end of follow-up. One hermangioma patient underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy and other 1 sclerosing hermangioma patient underwent wedge resection, both of them were still alive at the end of follow-up. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of the primary lung tumors in children are nonspecific. Complete resection and achieving negative marginattribute to the excellent outcome. Adjunctive treatment such as chemotherapy is necessary for patients with type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ PPB.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Bronchoscopy , Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pulmonary Blastoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 342-346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of histone demethylase (JMJD3) in drug-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in mice.Methods:Twenty-four male C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-30 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n =6 each) using a random number table method: control group (C group), AKI group, a specific JMJD3 inhibitor GSKJ4+ control group (GSKJ4 group), and GSKJ4-AKI group.Folic acid 250 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally to develop AKI model.GSKJ4 20 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h before developing AKI model in GSKJ4-AKI group and at the corresponding time point in GSKJ4 group.Blood samples were collected at 72 h after development of AKI model for determination of serum BUN and Cr concentrations.The animals were then sacrificed and renal tissues were collected for microscopic examination of histopathological morphology (using HE and PAS staining) and for determination of cell apoptosis (by TUNEL) and expression of JMJD3, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (by Western blot), the number of JMJD3, myeloperoxidase (MPO), F4/80 and CD3 positive cells, expression of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax, and expression of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) mRNA (by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction). The damage to the renal tubules was scored. Results:Compared with C group, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased, the number of JMJD3, myeloperoxidase (MPO), F4/80 and CD3 + positive cells was increased, the number of apoptotic cells was increased, and the expression of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, JMJD3 and IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1 mRNA was up-regulated in AKI group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in GSKJ4 group ( P>0.05). Compared with AKI group, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations and renal tubular damage score were significantly decreased, the number of JMJD3, myeloperoxidase (MPO), F4/80 and CD3 positive cells was decreased, the number of apoptotic cells was decreased, and the expression of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, JMJD3, and IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1 mRNA was down-regulated in GSKJ4-AKI group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism of drug-associated AKI may be related to up-regulation of JMJD3 expression and thus induces cell apoptosis and inflammatory responses in mice.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 77-81, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of Jumonji domain-containing 3 (JMJD3) in cisplatin-induced renal fibrosis following acute kidney injury in mice.Methods:Forty-eight healthy C57BL/6 male mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-30 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: control group (group CON), control plus JMJD3 inhibitor group (group CON-A), cisplatin group (group CIS), and cisplatin plus JMJD3 inhibitor group (group CIS-A). In group CIS and group CIS-A, cisplatin was intraperitoneally administered on 1st and 14th days, respectively, to develop a renal fibrosis model in mice with acute kidney injury, and the JMJD3 inhibitor GSKJ4 10 mg/kg and equal volume of PBS were intraperitoneally injected on 4th day, respectively, once every 3 days, 6 injections in total.The equal volume of PBS and GSKJ4 10 mg/kg were intraperitoneally injected at the corresponding time points in group CON and group CON-A, respectively.Six mice in each group were selected, and orbital blood samples were collected on 3rd day after the first injection of cisplatin to determine the concentrations of serum creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), then the animals were sacrificed, and kidney tissues were obtained for microscopic examination of pathological changes after HE and PAS staining (with a light microscope), and the damage to kidneys was assessed and scored.Six mice were sacrificed on 28th day after the first injection of cisplatin, and kidney tissues were removed for determination of the area of renal fibrosis ( via Sirius red and Masson staining), expression of fibronectin (Fn), collagen type Ⅰ (Col Ⅰ) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) (by immunofluorescence), F4/80 + cell and CD3 + cell count (using immunohistochemical method), and expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), CXC chemokine ligand 16 (CXCL16), and monocyte chemoattractant protein1 (MCP-1) mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group CON, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations, renal injury scores, and area of renal fibrosis were significantly increased, the expression of Fn, Col Ⅰ and α-SMA was up-regulated, the F4/80 + cell and CD3 + cell count was increased, and the expression of IL-6, CXCL16, TNF-α and MCP-1 mRNA was up-regulated in group CIS ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group CON-A ( P>0.05). Compared with group CON-A, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations, renal injury scores, and area of renal fibrosis were significantly increased, the expression of Fn, Col Ⅰ and α-SMA was up-regulated, the F4/80 + cell and CD3 + cell count was increased, and the expression of IL-6, CXCL16, TNF-α and MCP-1 mRNA was up-regulated in group CIS-A ( P<0.05). Compared with group CIS, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations, renal injury scores, and area of renal fibrosis were significantly decreased, the expression of Fn, Col Ⅰ and α-SMA was down-regulated, the F4/80 + cell and CD3 + cell count was decreased, and the expression of IL-6, CXCL16, TNF-α and MCP-1 mRNA was down-regulated in group CIS-A ( P<0.05). Conclusions:JMJD3 is involved in the process of renal fibrosis following acute kidney injury in mice, and the mechanism may be related to promotion of inflammatory responses.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2006-2011, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for clinical safe and rational use of adalimumab by mining the risk signals of adverse event (AE). METHODS AE reports related to adalimumab were collected from FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS)from Jan. 1st,2015 to Dec. 31th,2021. The reporting odds ratio (ROR)method and the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) method were adopted to mine the AE risk signals related to adalimumab ,AEs were classified and described by using the preferred system organ class (SOC)and preferred term (PT)of Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (23.0). RESULTS A total of 149 203 AE reports related to adalimumab were screened ,among which 65 218 cases(43.71%)were severe AE reports. A total of 2 660 PTs were mined ,involving 27 SOCs. PTs related to primary disease (arthralgia,Crohn’s disease ,rheumatoid arthritis ,abdominal pain ,osteoarthritis,intestinal obstruction ,psoriasis,joint swelling , arthritis,etc.)were more frequently reported ,followed by PTs related to inflammation and pain (procedural pain ,inflammation, etc.). The main SOC included musculoskeletal and connective tissue diseases (68 227 cases),gastrointestinal diseases (50 682 cases),injury,poisoning and procedural complications (32 404 cases),infections and infestations (15 651 cases),general disorders and administration site conditions (15 424 cases),etc. CONCLUSIONS It is suggested to pay attention to the possible occurrence of paradoxical psoriasis and lupus-like syndrome related to the autoimmune system when using adalimumab clinically ; at the same time ,the attention should be paid to serious infection ,tuberculosis,malignant tumors ,demyelination,congestive heart failure and other AEs. If related AEs occurs ,intervention measures should be taken in time. Great importance should be paid to intracranial aneurysms ,ovarian cysts ,coronary artery occlusion ,thyroid masses and other AEs not mentioned in the instrcution ,to ensure the medication safety of patients.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1989-1994, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928137

ABSTRACT

Toxicity-attenuating compatibility is an effective measure to ensure the safety of Chinese medicine. Involving the origin, processing method, compatibility mode, and dosage, it faces multiple challenges, such as the uncertainty of toxic substances, toxicity latency, indefinite safe dose, complex toxicity-efficacy relationship, and individual difference. As a result, research on clinical safety of Chinese medicine is limited by the consistency at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, unclear interaction of multiple medicinals and multiple substances, the "toxicity-efficacy-compatibility-syndrome" correlation, and the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law. Therefore, following the principle of "starting from the clinical practice, verifying via the theoretical basis, and finally applying in clinical practice", we verified the toxicity at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, revealed the interaction of multiple medicinals and substances, collected evidence at multiple levels, clarified the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" relationship, and tested the consistency between basic and clinical biomarkers. On this basis, we studied the toxicity-alleviating and efficacy-enhancing(preserving) compatibility characteristics, the fate of one medicinal and multiple medicinals in vivo, the molecular mechanism of toxicity, the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law, and the clinical characteristics of toxic traditional Chinese medicine based on disease and syndrome. The three mechanisms of toxicity-attenuating compatibility reflect the seven-reaction theory in Chinese medicine compatibility. Finally, the strategies for safe use of Chinese medicine were proposed.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design
12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 156-163, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940633

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo optimize the extraction and purification process of Gardeniae Fructus for industrial production, and to obtain the total iridoid and total crocin extracts. MethodOrthogonal test was used to optimize the water extraction process by taking contents of geniposide, genipin gentiobioside, gardenoside, crocin-1 and crocin-2 as indicators and the decocting time, decocting times and water amount as factors. The purification process was optimized by single factor test, and four different types of macroporous adsorption resins were screened. The process conditions such as resin type, maximum loading amount, water washing amount, ethanol concentration, ethanol dosage, and flow rate of sample loading were mainly investigated. In addition, the drying methods (vacuum drying and spray drying) of the extract were investigated, and a pilot scale-up verification test was carried out. ResultThe optimal water extraction process of Gardeniae Fructus was to add 15, 10 times the amount of water for decocting twice, 1 h each time. The optimal purification process was as follows:the water extract through SP825L macroporous resin column, the amount of crude drug-the amount of resin (1∶1.5), the sample loading flow rate of 3 BV h-1, adding 2 BV of water to remove impurities, adding 4 BV of 30% ethanol to obtain the iridoid part, then adding 3 BV of 70% ethanol to obtain the crocin part, collecting the ethanol lotion, and drying at 70 ℃. Under these conditions, the extraction amount of total iridoids was 590.75 mg·g-1 with the transfer rate of 70.48%, and the yield of dry extract was 8.89%. The extraction amount of total crocins was 83.37 mg·g-1 with the transfer rate of 22.20%, and the dry extract yield was 2.60%. ConclusionThe optimized extraction and purification process is stable and feasible with high extraction rate of active components, which is suitable for the industrial extraction and purification of active parts of Gardeniae Fructus.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-6, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940446

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of classical prescription Gegen Qinliantang(GGQLT) on inflammatory factors and key targets in the inflammatory pathways mediated by lipopolysaccharide in KKAy mice and explore its mechanism in improving spontaneous type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). MethodSixty-five SPF KKAy mice with spontaneous T2DM and 13 C57BL/6J mice (control) were selected in the barrier system and fed on a high-fat diet. The model was properly induced in 44 mice in the context of random blood glucose exceeding or equal to 13.9 mmol·L-1. Then the mice were assigned into a normal group (20 mL∙kg-1 normal saline), a model group (20 mL∙kg-1 normal saline), an acarbose group (3.9 mg∙kg-1), and high- and low-dose GGQLT groups (1.82 and 0.45 g∙kg-1), with 11 mice in each group. The mice in each group were treated correspondingly by gavage for eight weeks, once per day. Blood glucose and body weight were systematically evaluated. Twelve hours after the last administration, blood samples were collected from the eyes, and the serum and muscle and liver tissues were extracted. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and glucose transporter type 4 (GluT4) were detected by semi-quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein expression of IκB kinase β (IKKβ) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in muscle tissues and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in liver tissues was detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed increased body weight and blood glucose (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the acarbose group and the GGQLT groups showed reduced body weight and blood glucose (P<0.05, P<0.01). As revealed by ELISA results, compared with the normal group, the model group showed increased levels of TNF-α and IL-6 (P<0.01) and deceased GluT4 level (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the groups with drug treatment showed reduced levels of TNF-α and IL-6 (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the acarbose group and the high-dose GGQLT group showed increased GluT4 level (P<0.05, P<0.01). As displayed by Western blot results, compared with the normal group, the model group showed increased protein expression of IKKβ, NF-κB, and TLR4 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the acarbose group and the GGQLT groups showed reduced protein expression of IKKβ, NF-κB, and TLR4 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionGGQLT can inhibit the inflammatory cascade effect and improve T2DM by down-regulating the levels of key inflammatory factors in the TLR4 pathway, inhibiting their activation, and increasing the translocation and activity of GluT4 on the basis of the regulation of intestinal flora.

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1365-1369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of TANK-binding kinase-1 (TBK1) in renal fibrosis in mice with acute kidney injury (AKI) and relationship with endoplasmic reticulum stress.Methods:Twenty-four male wild-type C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group CON), group AKI, control plus TBK1 inhibitor group (group CON-GSK) and AKI plus TBK1 inhibitor group (group AKI-GSK). In group AKI and group AKI-GSK, folic acid 250 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected to prepare AKI model.From the first day after folic acid injection, 1% dimethyl sulfoxide 20 ml/kg was intraperitoneally injected every other day in group AKI, and GSK8612 1.5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected every other day in group AKI-GSK, 7 times in total.In group CON and group CON-GSK, 1% dimethyl sulfoxide 20 ml/kg and GSK8612 1.5 mg/kg were intraperitoneally injected, respectively, every other day for 7 times in total.On the 14th day after injection of folic acid, the eyeball blood samples were taken to determine the concentrations of serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr), and the kidney tissues were also extracted, and the pathological results of renal tissue were observed by Sirius red staining, Masson staining and HE staining.The area of renal fibrosis was measured and the tubulointerstitial injury score was calculated.The expression of fibronectin, type I collagen and α-smooth muscle actin was detected by immunofluorescence.The expression of phosphorylated protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (p-PERK), phosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (p-eIF2α), activated transcription factor 4 (ATF4), C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), phosphorylated inositol-requiring kinase 1α (p-IRE1α), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2), apoptosis-regulating signal kinase 1 (ASK1), caspase-12 and phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (p-JNK) was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group CON, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations, area of renal fibrosis and renal tubulointerstitial injury score were significantly increased, and the expression of fibronectin, type I collagen, α-smooth muscle actin, p-PERK, p-eIF2α, ATF4, CHOP, p-IRE1α, TRAF2, ASK1, caspase-12, and p-JNK was up-regulated in group AKI and group AKI-GSK ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the indexes mentioned above in group CON-GSK ( P>0.05). Compared with group AKI, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations, area of renal fibrosis, and tubulointerstitial injury score were significantly decreased, and the expression of fibronectin, type I collagen, α-smooth muscle actin, p-PERK, p-eIF2α, ATF4, CHOP, p-IRE1α, TRAF2, ASK1, caspase-12, and p-JNK was down-regulated in group AKI-GSK ( P<0.05). Conclusions:TBK1 is involved in the process of renal fibrosis in mice with AKI, and the mechanism may be related to the promotion of endoplasmic reticulum stress.

15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1005-1009, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of CXC chemokine receptor 6 (CXCR6)-mediated activation of natural killer T (NKT) cells in renal fibrosis following acute kidney injury (AKI) in mice.Methods:Eighteen male wild-type C57BL/6 mice and 18 CXCR6 knockout C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-30 g, were divided into 6 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: wild-type mouse control group (group WT-CON), CXCR6 knockout mouse control group (group CXCR6 -/--CON), wild-type mouse with AKI group (group WT-AKI), CXCR6 knockout mouse with AKI group (group CXCR6 -/--AKI), wild-type mouse with AKI + NKT cell adoptive transfer group (group WT-AKI-NKT) and CXCR6 knockout mouse with AKI + NKT cell adoptive transfer group (group CXCR6 -/--AKI-NKT). Folic acid 250 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected to establish the model of renal fibrosis in mice with AKI.NKT cellsuspension 250 μl(1×10 6 cells) was injected through the tail vein on the 4th and 9th days after folic acid injection in group WT-AKI-NKT and group CXCR6 -/--AKI-NKT, respectively.Blood samples were taken from orbital at day 14 after folic acid injection for determination of the concentrations of serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr). The animals were sacrificed, and renal tissues were obtained for observation of the area of renal fibrosis (by Sirius red staining) and renal injury (using H&E staining) which was scored and for determination of the proportion of CD1d Tetramer+ cells (by flow cytometry), the number of CD206 and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) double positive (CD206 + -α-SMA + ) cells (by immunofluorescence) and expression of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group WT-CON, the BUN and Cr levels, renal injury scores, area of renal fibrosis, proportion of CD1d Tetramer + cells and CD206 + -α-SMA + cell count were significantly increased, and the expression of IL-4 and IL-13 mRNA was up-regulated in group WT-AKI and WT-AKI-NKT ( P<0.05). Compared with group WT-AKI, the BUN and Cr levels, renal injury scores, area of renal fibrosis, proportion of CD1d Tetramer + cells and CD206 + -α-SMA + cell count were significantly increased, and the expression of IL-4 and IL-13 mRNA was up-regulated in group WT-AKI-NKT ( P<0.05), and the BUN and Cr levels, renal injury scores, area of renal fibrosis, proportion of CD1d Tetramer + cells and CD206 + -α-SMA + cell count were significantly decreased, and the expression of IL-4 and IL-13 mRNA was down-regulated in group CXCR6 -/--AKI ( P<0.05). Compared with group CXCR6 -/--CON, the BUN and Cr levels, renal injury scores, area of renal fibrosis, proportion of CD1d Tetramer + cells and CD206 + -α-SMA + cell count were significantly increased in group CXCR6 -/--AKI and group CXCR6 -/--AKI-NKT ( P<0.05). Compared with group CXCR6 -/--AKI, the BUN and Cr levels, renal injury scores, area of renal fibrosis, proportion of CD1d Tetramer + cells and CD206 + -α-SMA + cell count were significantly increased, and the expression of IL-4 and IL-13 mRNA was up-regulated in group CXCR6 -/--AKI-NKT ( P<0.05). Conclusion:CXCR6-mediated activation of NKT cells is involved in renal fibrosis following AKI in mice, and the mechanism may be related to promoting Th2 cytokine-mediated M2 macrophage-myofibroblast transformation.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3518-3525, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906829

ABSTRACT

A quantitative analysis method for ten principal components (phenylethanol, iridoids and triterpenes) of raw Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and its wine-steamed product was developed using liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-QQQ-MS) to study their pharmacokinetic behavior in vivo. The results of methodological investigation were in accord with the criteria of biological analysis. After a single administration to rats of the water extracts of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and its wine-steamed product, the plasma concentration of each component at different time points was measured and the pharmacokinetic parameters were determined. The AUC0-24 h and Cmax of the phenylethanol components (salidroside, tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol) were the greatest, suggesting that these components are the main pharmacological substances of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. In addition, the tmax values of the eight major components were even lower with administration of the wine-steamed product, suggesting that these components are rapidly absorbed. However, the tmax values of specnuezhenide and oleanolic acid were greater with administration of the wine-steamed product, indicating that these two components were more slowly absorbed. A secondary peak phenomenon of tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol were observed in two sample groups, whereas the secondary peak phenomenon of salidroside occurred only with the wine-steamed product. This result suggests that the effect of wine-steamed product could persist for a long period. Meanwhile, the relative bioavailability of specnuezhenide and oleanolic acid was greater than 100% with administration of the wine-steamed product, consistent with the Traditional Chinese Medicine theory of the wine-steamed product being more effective than the raw material. The results reveal the different pharmacokinetic parameters and relative bioavailability of each component of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and its wine-steamed product, and also demonstrate the variation and correlation of various components in vivo and in vitro, providing an experimental basis for the selection of quality control indexes, mechanisms of processing and the metabolic rule in vivo of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. These experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Institute of Basic Theory for Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medicine Science.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3024-3030, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906785

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prov ide referen ce for clinical safe and rational use of belimumab by mining the risk signals of adverse drug event (ADE). METHODS :ADE reports related to belimumab were collected from FDA adverse event reporting system(FAERS)from the first quarter of 2015 to the first quarter of 2021. The reporting odds ratio (ROR)method and the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA)method were adopted to mine the ADE risk signals related to belimumab,setting the threshold as the number of reports >3 and the lower limit of 95% CI >1(ROR method )and the proportional reporting ratio (PRR)>2,and χ2 >4(MHRA method ). ADEs were counted and classified by using the preferred system organ class (SOC)and preferred term (PT)of Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA). RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:A total of 3 529 ADE reports with belimumab as the primary suspicious drug were screened ,in which female patients(90.31%)were much more than male patients (6.15%);age distribution was concentrated in 18-59 years old (41.80%). There were 1 234 cases(34.97%)of severe ADE reports ,mainly involving hospital or prolonged hospital stay. Most of the reporters were consumers or other non-medical professionals (81.84%). North America reported the most (70.39%)and the main reporting country was the United States (2 029 reports). A total of 180 PTs were mined from 3 529 reports,in addition to PTs associated with primary disease (systemic lupus erythematosus ,pain,arthralgia,pyrexia,weight decreased ,swelling,oropharyngeal pain , etc.),PTs related to medication error (product dose omission ,inappropriate schedule of product administration ,underdose, product availability issue ,etc.)and PTs related to infection (influenza,urinary tract infection ,infection,sinusitis,etc.)were reported in a large number of cases. Twenty-six SOCs were involved ,the top 10 SOC in ADE reports were all kinds of injuries , poisoning and surgical complications (2 225 reports),infections and infectious diseases (1 247 reports),general disorders and administration site conditions (1 196 reports),musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders (1 195 reports),surgical and medical procedures(515 reports),etc. PTs in SOC in the first place (all kinds of injuries ,poisoning and surgical complications )of ADE reports were all related to medication error ;herpes zoster ,kidney infection and cellulitis in SOC in the second place (infections and infectious diseases )of ADE reports were not included in the drug instruction of belimumab ;most PTs in SOCs such as various nervous system diseases ,immune system diseases ,mental diseases ,benign,malignant and unknown tumors (including cystic and polypoid)which were taken attention in clinic were not included in the drug instruction of belimumab. It is suggested to avoid medication errors as far as possible in clinical use of belimumab ,and to guard against adverse reactions such as herpes zoster , kidney infection ,cellulitis and various nervous system diseases ,immune system diseases and mental diseases. In addition ,the patients with malignant tumor or related history should use belizumab carefully.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1429-1433, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887079

ABSTRACT

Two dimeric diterpenoid alkaloids were isolated from the whole plant of Aconitum tanguticum (Maxim.) Stapf and their structures were elucidated by extensive analysis of 1D, 2D-NMR and HR-MS data. One is a new compound and named tanguticurine A (1), and the other is the known compound anthoroidine B (2); both were isolated from this plant for the first time. The antiviral activity of compounds 1 and 2 against HCV and EV71 were also evaluated. It was found that compound 1 had a good inhibitory effect on HCV and EV71 with EC50 values of 15.5 and 9.7 μmol·L-1, respectively, and showed low cytotoxicity. Therefore, compound 1 is a good antiviral lead compound and deserves further study.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 972-982, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886986

ABSTRACT

Aristolochic acids (AAs) are widely distributed in Aristolochiaceae, and are important toxic components in medicinal plants of Aristolochiaceae. As one of the most powerful carcinogens in the Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB), AAs can induce hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and other adverse reaction. AAs also can produce a series of metabolites such as AA-DNA adducts in the body, and their specific metabolites can be used as biomarkers for early diagnosis and treatment of related diseases. Thus, the current discovery for technical means that can quickly and accurately detect biomarkers possesses significant research value. AAs can be attenuated by processing, compatibility, molecular breeding, and other methods to improve the clinical safety of Chinese medicine containing AAs. In this review, we report the distribution of AAs, attenuation strategies and biomarker detection. We would like to provide a reference for the quality control of AAs-containing Chinese medicines, as well as for the prevention and control of diseases caused by AAs.

20.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 406-410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886766

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of Enterobius vermicularis infections among children in Fanxian County, Henan Province in 2019, so as to provide insights into the management of enterobiasis. Methods Five kindergartens were selected in urban and rural areas of Fanxian County, Henan Province using the stratified sampling method in 2019, and a census of E. vermicularis infections was performed among all children in the kindergartens. E. vermicularis eggs were detected using adhesive and scotch cellophane-tape anal swab methods, and the basic characteristics of children and their families, health habits and the kindergartens’ information were investigated with questionnaires. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors and protective factors of pinworm infection in children. Results A total of 671 children were tested, and the mean prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 15.50% (104/671). The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was higher among children in rural kindergartens (28.13%, 72/256) than in urban kindergartens (7.71%, 32/415) (χ2 = 50.380, P < 0.01), and greater in private kindergartens (32.26%, 60/186) than in public kindergartens (9.07%, 44/485) (χ2 = 55.183, P < 0.01). There was no gender-specific prevalence of E. vermicularis infections among children (χ2 = 1.442, P > 0.05), and the prevalence of E. vermicularis infections presented a tendency towards a rise with age (χ2trend = 8.373, P < 0.05) and school grade (χ2trend = 30.274, P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis identified rural kindergartens and high grades as risk factors, and separate washing of children’s and adults’ cloths, frequent bathing and frequent dinnerware disinfection in kindergartens as protective factors for E. vermicularis infections among children. In addition, there was no significant difference in the detection of E. vermicularis infections among children by using adhesive (73.08%, 76/104) and scotch cellophane-tape anal swab methods (56.73%, 59/104) (χ2 = 3.959, P > 0.05). Conclusions The prevalence of E. vermicularis infection is high among children in Fanxian Country, Henan Province. Health education and surveillance of enterobiasis are required to be intensified among children in rural kindergartens and senior grades and their parents and teachers.

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