Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 326
Filter
1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 660-667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015172

ABSTRACT

Objective To stud)' the nerve repair effect of olanzapine on schizophrenia model rats through its effect on cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB)/brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/receptor tyrosine kinase receptors B (TrkB) pathway. Methods Total 60 rats were divided into control group, model group, olanzapine low, middle and high dose group. The rats in the model group, olanzapine low, middle and high dose groups were injected intraperitoneally with MK-801[0. 2 mg/(kg-d) ], while the control injected with the same amount of normal saline. The low, middle and high dose olanzapine groups were perfused with olanzapine solution of 0. 5 mg/(kg-d),1. 0 mg/(kg-d) and 1. 5 mg/(kg-d) respectively. The behavior of rats was scored according to ataxia and stereotyped behavior standards, cognitive function and learning ability were evaluated by Moms water maze test, serum tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were detected by ELISA method, hippocampal histopathology was observed under microscope, and apoptosis and expression of CREB/BDNF/TrkB pathway related proteins in hippocampus were detected. Results Compared with the control group, the ataxia, the score of stereotyped behavior, the expression of TNF-a, IL-6 and the rate of apoptosis in the model group increased significantly (P < 0 . 01). Compared with the control group, the number of crossing the platform, the time of staying in the target quadrant and the relative expression of CREB, p-CREB, p-TrkB, TrkB and BDNF protein in the model group decreased significantly (P<0. 01), and those in the low and middle dose olanzapine groups decreased significantly (P < 0 . 05). Compared with the model group, the times of crossing the platform and the stay time in the target quadrant increased significantly in the low and middle dose olanzapine groups (P< 0. 05). In the model group and the low dose olanzapine group, the hippocampal cells were swollen obviously, the nucleus was broken and divided, pyknosis, and the tissue aiTangement was disorderly, while the phenomenon of fragmentation and nuclear pyknosis was rarely seen in the middle and high dose olanzapine groups. Conclusion The nerve repair mechanism of olanzapine on schizophrenic model rats is related to improving cognitive impainnent, protecting hippocampal neurons and activating the expression of CREB/BDNF/TrkB signal pathway in rats.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 992-1000, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994924

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the clinical manifestation and genetic characteristics of a case of de novo Huntington′s disease due to paternal intermediate alleles. Methods:Clinical data and imaging features of a middle-aged female, who complained of unstable walking without positive family history and was admitted to Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University on September 20, 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. The serum samples of the patient and her parents were used to screen HTT gene dynamic mutation in accordance with the principle of informed consent and voluntary. And the relevant literatures were reviewed. Results:This is a 38-year-old female with progressive course, who presented as ataxia, involuntary movement at the end of extremities, dystonia, and cognitive impairment. Imaging results showed atrophy of bilateral caudate nuclei, as well as decreased glucose metabolism of bilateral caudate nuclei, putamen and partial cortex. Genetic testing showed the abnormal expansion of polymorphic trinucleotide (CAG) repeats in HTT gene and confirmed the diagnosis of Huntington′s disease. The CAG repeat length of the patient was 17/47 (pathopoiesis), of the father was 17/35 (intermediate alleles), and of the mother was 17/17 (normal). Conclusions:Paternal intermediate alleles may cause the first case of Huntington′s disease in a family. Importantly, HTT gene screening should be performed for the patient and parents when the diagnosis of Huntington′s disease is clinically possible despite negative family history, to prevent the misdiagnosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 214-222, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992590

ABSTRACT

Hip fracture is considered as the most severe osteoporotic fracture characterized by high disability and mortality in the elderly. Improved surgical techniques and multidisciplinary team play an active role in alleviating prognosis, which places higher demands on perioperative nursing. Dysfunction, complications, and secondary impact of anaesthesia and surgery add more difficulties to clinical nursing. Besides, there still lack clinical practices in perioperative nursing for elderly patients with hip fracture in China. In this context, led by the Orthopedic Nursing Committee of Chinese Nursing Association, the Expert consensus on clinical practice in perioperative nursing for elderly patients with hip fracture ( version 2023) is developed based on the evidence-based medicine. This consensus provides 11 recommendations on elderly patients with hip fracture from aspects of perioperative health education, condition monitoring and inspection, complication risk assessment and prevention, and rehabilitation, in order to provide guiding advices for clinical practice, improve the quality of nursing and ameliorate the prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 526-530, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964262

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the status of stereoscopic reconstruction in adults with intermittent exotropia after surgery, and analyze related influencing factors.METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted among 196 adults with intermittent exotropia who were admitted to our hospital from January 2019 to January 2021. All patients underwent strabismus surgery, and their preoperative and postoperative data were collected.RESULTS: Near and distal stereo visual function was not found in all the included 196 patients before surgery. The reconstruction rates of near stereo visual function and distal stereo visual function were 52.6%(103/196)and 50.5%(99/196), respectively. There were significant differences in surgical age, age of onset, course of disease, and postoperative level of horizontal strabismus between patients with near stereoscopic reconstruction(103 cases)and those without reconstruction(93 cases; P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age of onset, course of disease, and postoperative level of horizontal strabismus were factors influencing near stereo visual function reconstruction(P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve showed that the area under the curve(AUC)values of age of onset, course of disease and postoperative level of horizontal strabismus to predict near stereo visual function reconstruction were 0.757, 0.737 and 0.727, respectively(P<0.001). There were significant differences in surgical age, age of onset, course of disease, and postoperative level of horizontal strabismus between patients with distal stereoscopic reconstruction(99 cases)and those without reconstruction(97 cases; P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age of onset and course of disease were factors influencing distal stereo visual function reconstruction(P<0.05). ROC curve showed that the AUC values of age of onset and course of disease to predict distal stereo visual function reconstruction were 0.672 and 0.821, respectively(P<0.001).CONCLUSION: Stereoscopic reconstruction in adults with intermittent exotropia after surgery is affected by many factors, such as age of onset and course of disease. The influencing factors of near stereo visual function reconstruction and distal stereo visual function reconstruction are different, which deserves attention.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 823-829, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of eltrombopag combined with cyclosporine A (CsA) and CsA alone in patients with transfusion-dependent non-severe aplastic anemia (TD-NSAA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 76 patients with treatment-naive TD-NSAA in Ningde Municipal Hospital of Ningde Normal University and Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from December 2017 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 45 cases were treated with eltrombopag combined with CsA, and 31 patients with compatible baseline characters were treated with CsA alone. The efficacy of patients between the two groups was compared, and the factors affecting the curative effects were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in hematological response (HR) and complete response(CR) rates between the two groups at 3, 6, 12 months, and follow-up endpoint of treatment (P<0.05). With the prolongation of eltrombopag treatment time, the curative effect increased gradually, and the patients achieved more CR and HR rates by the end of the follow-up period. Simultaneously, with the increase in the maximum stable dose of eltrombopag, the HR rate increased gradually. The megakaryocyte count in eltrombopag group was higher than that in control at 6 and 12 months (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the median time of platelet transfusion independence in eltrombopag group was more shorter (P=0.018), and the median platelets transfusion volume was lower (P=0.009). At 3, 6, 12 months after eltrombopag, the change of platelet in eltrombopag group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Analysis of related factors affecting the efficacy showed that sex, age, iron overload, platelet count before treatment had no effect on the efficacy, and the median maximum stable dosage and the administration period for eltrombopag were related to the curative effect. The patients of eltrombopag group experienced adverse events of varying degrees, but the reactions were mild and mostly tolerated.@*CONCLUSION@#Eltrombopag can effectively improve the hematopoietic response and promote platelet recovery for TD-NSAA patients with relatively more residual hematopoietic cells, and it is safe and well tolerated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 401-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981556

ABSTRACT

In transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), the conductivity of brain tissue is obtained by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data processing. However, the specific impact of different processing methods on the induced electric field in the tissue has not been thoroughly studied. In this paper, we first used magnetic resonance image (MRI) data to create a three-dimensional head model, and then estimated the conductivity of gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) using four conductivity models, namely scalar (SC), direct mapping (DM), volume normalization (VN) and average conductivity (MC), respectively. Isotropic empirical conductivity values were used for the conductivity of other tissues such as the scalp, skull, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and then the TMS simulations were performed when the coil was parallel and perpendicular to the gyrus of the target. When the coil was perpendicular to the gyrus where the target was located, it was easy to get the maximum electric field in the head model. The maximum electric field in the DM model was 45.66% higher than that in the SC model. The results showed that the conductivity component along the electric field direction of which conductivity model was smaller in TMS, the induced electric field in the corresponding domain corresponding to the conductivity model was larger. This study has guiding significance for TMS precise stimulation.


Subject(s)
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Electric Conductivity , Electricity , Scalp
7.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 416-422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985662

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influencing factors of pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) with organ or system impairment in pregnant women, and to analyze and compare the differences of HDP subtypes in different regions of China. Methods: A total of 27 680 pregnant women with HDP with complete data from 161 hospitals in 24 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities were retrospectively collected from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. According to their clinical manifestations, they were divided into hypertension group [a total of 10 308 cases, including 8 250 cases of gestational hypertension (GH), 2 058 cases of chronic hypertension during pregnancy] and hypertension with organ or system impairment group [17 372 cases, including 14 590 cases of pre-eclampsia (PE), 137 cases of eclampsia, 2 645 cases of chronic hypertension with PE]. The subtype distribution of HDP in East China (6 136 cases), North China (4 821 cases), Central China (3 502 cases), South China (8 371 cases), Northeast China (1 456 cases), Southwest China (2 158 cases) and Northwest China (1 236 cases) were analyzed. By comparing the differences of HDP subtypes and related risk factors in different regions, regional analysis of the risk factors of HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment was conducted. Results: (1) The proportions of HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment in Northeast China (79.05%, 1 151/1 456), Central China (68.42%, 2 396/3 502) and Northwest China (69.34%, 857/1 236) were higher than the national average (62.76%, 17 372/27 680); the proportions in North China (59.18%, 2 853/4 821), East China (60.85%, 3 734/6 136) and South China (59.56%, 4 986/8 371) were lower than the national average, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (2) Univariate analysis showed that the proportions of primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination and PE history in the hypertension with organ or system impairment group were higher than those in the hypertension group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination and PE history were independent risk factors for HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment (all P<0.05). (3) Primipara: the rates of primipara in Northeast China, North China and Southwest China were higher than the national average level, while those in South China, Central China and Northwest China were lower than the national average level. Non-Han nationality: the rates of non-Han nationality in Northeast China, North China and Northwest China were higher than the national average, while those in East China, South China and Central China were lower than the national average. Non-urban household registration: the rates of non-urban household registration in Northeast China, North China, and Southwest China were lower than the national average, while those in East China, Central China were higher than the national average. Irregular prenatal examination: the rates of irregular prenatal examination in North China, South China and Southwest regions were lower than the national average level, while those in Northeast China, Central China and Northwest China were higher than the national average level. History of PE: the incidence rates of PE in Northeast China, North China, South China and Southwest China were lower than the national average level, while those in Central China and Northwest China were higher than the national average level. Conclusions: Primiparas, non-Han, non-urban household registration, irregular prenatal examination, and PE history are risk factors for HDP pregnant women with organ or system impairment. Patients in Northeast, Central and Northwest China have more risk factors, and are more likely to be accompanied by organ or system function damage. It is important to strengthen the management of pregnant women and reduce the occurrence of HDP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Incidence
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1128-1133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between the combined therapy of fire needling and cupping, and western medication on herpes zoster of acute stage, as well as the effects on Th17 and Treg cells and inflammatory factors, i.e. IL-10 and IL-17 in the peripheral blood.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with herpes zoster of acute stage were randomly divided into a combined therapy (fire needling plus cupping) group and a western medication group, 40 cases in each one. In the combined therapy group, the pricking and scattering techniques with fire needle were used at ashi points and Jiaji (EX-B 2) corresponding to the affected spinal segments; afterwards, cupping therapy was delivered. The combined treatment was given once daily. In the western medication group, valaciclovir hydrochloride tablet and vitamin B1 tablet were administered orally. The duration of treatment in each group was 10 days. Before each treatment from day 1 to day 10 and on day 11 , the score of symptoms and physical signs was observed in the two groups separately. Before each treatment from day 1 to day 10 and on day 11, 30, 60, the score of visual analogue scale (VAS) and skin lesion indexes were observed in the two groups. On day 60, the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia was recorded in the two groups. The levels of Th17 and Treg cells, Th17/Treg ratio in the peripheral blood, as well as serum levels of IL-10 and IL-17 were detected before and after treatment in the two groups. The clinical efficacy was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#From day 6 to day 10 during treatment and on day 11, the scores of symptoms and physical signs in the combined therapy group were lower than those of the western medication group (P<0.05, P<0.01). On day 3, day 6 to day 10 during treatment and day 11, day 30, VAS scores in the combined therapy group were lower than those of the western medication group (P<0.05, P<0.01). On day 60, the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia in the combined therapy group was lower compared with that in the western medication group (P<0.05). The blister arresting time and scabbing time in the combined therapy group were shorter than those of the western medication group (P<0.05). After treatment, the level of Th17, and Th17/Treg ratio in the peripheral blood, as well as the serum levels of IL-10 and IL-17 were all lower in comparison with those in the western medication group (P<0.05). The curative and remarkably effective rate was 82.5% (33/40) in the combined therapy group, higher than 62.5% (25/40) in the western medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The early application of fire needling combined with cupping therapy can effectively treat herpes zoster of acute stage, relieve pain, and reduce the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia, which may be related to reducing the levels of Th17 and Treg cells, and Th17/Treg ratio in the peripheral blood, as well as the serum levels of IL-10 and IL-17 so that the cellular immune balance is modulated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuralgia, Postherpetic , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17 , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cupping Therapy , Th17 Cells , Herpes Zoster/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Tablets
9.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 244-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965839

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of fire-needle of Lingnan on the vitiligo model after hydroquinone-induced oxidative stress based on the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway. MethodsC57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group (Control), model group (HQ), HQ+fire-needle group (FA), and positive control group (Halometasone), with 8 mice in each group. The vitiligo model was prepared by hydroquinone (HQ). The skin pathological changes were observed by depigmentation score, HE staining and Masson-Fontana. Elisa was used to detect the levels of tyrosinase (TYR), malondialdehyde (MDA) and monoamine oxidase (MAO).Western-blot and PCR were used to detect the expression of Yap1 and Tp73 among the groups. ResultsCompared with the control group, the epidermis and dermis were significantly thicker. The number of melanocyte hair follicles, basal melanocytes, epidermal cells containing melanin granules were significantly decreased, and the depigmentation score was significantly reduced(P<0.01). The level of TYR decreased, and the levels of MDA and MAO increased after modeling(P<0.01). The expression of Yap1 and Tp73 were significantly reduced (P<0.01). The dermis became thinner in the halometasone and FA group after treatment of 4 weeks. The number of melanocyte hair follicles, basal melanocytes, epidermal cells containing melanin granules increased (P<0.05). Compared with that of the HQ group, the level of TYR in the halometasone group and FA group was significantly increased (P<0.01). The levels of MDA and MAO in the FA group were decreased (P<0.05). The expressions of Yap1 and Tp73 in the FA group were significantly increased (P<0.01), and their effects were better than those in the Halometasone group (P<0.05). ConclusionsFire-needle of Lingnan protects melanocytes from oxidative stress by activating the Hippo-YAP pathway. It enhances the synthesis and function of melanocytes and promotes repigmentation by reducing the content and activity of oxidative stress products.

10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 343-349, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984125

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the mRNA differential expressions and the sequential change pattern in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) mice.@*METHODS@#The AMI mice relevant dataset GSE4648 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). In the dataset, 6 left ventricular myocardial tissue samples were selected at 0.25, 1, 4, 12, 24 and 48 h after operation in AMI group and sham control group, and 6 left ventricular myocardial tissue samples were selected in blank control group, a total of 78 samples were analyzed. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed by R/Bioconductor package limma, functional pathway enrichment analysis was performed by clusterProfiler, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING database and Cytoscape software, the key genes were identified by Degree topological algorithm, cluster sequential changes on DEGs were analyzed by Mfuzz.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 320 DEGs were associated with the development of AMI. Functional enrichment results included cellular catabolic process, regulation of inflammatory response, development of muscle system and vasculature system, cell adhesion and signaling pathways mainly enriched in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. The key genes of AMI included MYL7, TSC22D2, HSPA1A, BTG2, NR4A1, RYR2 were up-regulated or down-regulated at 0.25-48 h after the occurrence of AMI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The functional signaling pathway of DEGs and the sequential expression of key genes in AMI may provide a reference for the forensic identification of AMI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Computational Biology/methods , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/metabolism , Transcriptome
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 147-154, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935194

ABSTRACT

Objective: To screen the different expressed genes between osteosarcoma and normal osteoblasts, and find the key genes for the occurrence and development of osteosarcoma. Methods: The gene expression dataset GSE33382 of normal osteoblasts and osteosarcoma was obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The different expressed genes between normal osteoblasts and osteosarcoma were screened by limma package of R language, and the different expressed genes were analyzed by Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. The protein interaction network was constructed by the String database, and the network modules in the interaction network were screened by the molecular complex detection (MCODE) plug-in of Cytoscape software. The different expressed genes contained in the first three main modules screened by MCODE were analyzed by gene ontology (GO) using the BiNGO module of Cytoscape software. The MCC algorithm was used to screen the top 10 key genes in the protein interaction network. The gene expression and survival dataset GSE39055 of osteosarcoma was obtained from GEO database, and the survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. The data of 48 patients with osteosarcoma treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from January 2005 to December 2015 were selected for verification. The expression of STC2 protein in osteosarcoma was detected by immunohistochemical method, and the survival analysis was carried out combined with the clinical data of the patients. Results: A total of 874 different expressed genes were identified from GSE33382 dataset, including 402 down-regulated genes and 472 up-regulated genes. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that different expressed genes were mainly related to p53 signal pathway, glutathione metabolism, extracellular matrix receptor interaction, cell adhesion molecules, folate tolerance, and cell senescence. The top 10 key genes in the interaction network were GAS6, IL6, RCN1, MXRA8, STC2, EVA1A, PNPLA2, CYR61, SPARCL1 and FSTL3. STC2 was related to the survival rate of patients with osteosarcoma (P<0.05). The results showed that the expression of STC2 protein was related to tumor size and Enneking stage in 48 cases of osteosarcoma. The median survival time of 25 cases with STC2 high expression was 21.4 months, and that of 23 cases with STC2 low expression was 65.4 months. The survival rate of patients with high expression of STC2 was lower than that of patients with low expression of STC2 (P<0.05). Conclusions: Bioinformatics analysis can effectively screen the different expressed genes between osteosarcoma and normal osteoblasts. STC2 is one of the important predictors for the prognosis of osteosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Computational Biology/methods , Follistatin-Related Proteins/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Osteosarcoma/pathology
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 559-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a mouse model of Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) with ITGA2B c.2659 C>T (p.Q887X) nonsense mutation by CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and then further explore the expression and function of glycoprotein αIIbβ3 on the surface of platelet membrane.@*METHODS@#The donor oligonucleotide and gRNA vector were designed and synthesized according to the ITGA2B gene sequence. The gRNA and Cas9 mRNA were injected into fertilized eggs with donor oligonucleotide and then sent back to the oviduct of surrogate mouse. Positive F0 mice were confirmed by PCR genotyping and sequence analysis after birth. The F1 generation of heterozygous GT mice were obtained by PCR and sequencing from F0 bred with WT mice, and then homozygous GT mice and WT mice were obtained by mating with each other. The phenotype of the model was then further verified by detecting tail hemorrhage time, saphenous vein bleeding time, platelet aggregation, expression and function of αIIbβ3 on the surface of platelet.@*RESULTS@#The bleeding time of GT mice was significantly longer than that of WT mice (P<0.01). Induced by collagen, thrombin, and adenosine diphosphate (ADP), platelet aggregation in GT mice was significantly inhibited (P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.05). Flow cytometry analysis showed that the expression of αIIbβ3 on the platelet surface of GT mice decreased significantly compared with WT mice (P<0.01), and binding amounts of activated platelets to fibrinogen were significantly reduced after thrombin stimulation (P<0.01). The spreading area of platelet on fibrinogen in GT mice was significantly smaller than that in WT mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#A GT mouse model with ITGA2B c.2659 C>T (p.Q887X) nonsense mutation has been established successfully by CRISPR/Cas9 technology. The aggregation function of platelet in this model is defective, which is consistent with GT performance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Codon, Nonsense , Disease Models, Animal , Fibrinogen/genetics , Integrin alpha2/genetics , Oligonucleotides , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex/genetics , Thrombasthenia/genetics , Thrombin/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 704-707, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the key genes for neuropathic pain in rats.Methods:The genomic data of spinal cord tissues of rats (GSE18803) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Database at the American Center for Biotechnology Information to identify differentially expressed genes associated with neuropathic pain, and key genes were obtained by further analysis of the protein-protein interaction networks.Single-cell localization and expression of the key genes were analyzed by the Tabula Muris database.Results:The protein-protein interaction networks identified 10 hub genes, including Tyrobp, Clec4a3, C1qc, Ptprc, Laptm5, Csf1r, C1qa, C1qb, Fcgr3a, Cd53. Cd53, Laptm5 and Ptprc were mainly expressed in macrophages, B cells, NK cells, monocytes and granulocytes. Clec4a3 and Csf1r were mainly expressed in monocytes, Fcgr3a in monocytes and granulocytes, and Tyrobp in macrophages, monocytes, granulocytes, and pluripotent progenitor cells. Conclusions:Ten target genes associated with neuropathic pain are identified using bioinformatics, and their distribution and expression in immune inflammatory cells are obtained through comprehensive analysis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1531-1538, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957148

ABSTRACT

Destruction of bone microarchitecture is one of the most important pathological changes of osteoporosis; it will result in the decrease of bone strength and the increase of fracture risk. Imbalance occurring in bone remodeling is the main cause of microarchitecture destruction. Anti-osteoporosis drugs are able to regulate bone remodeling and therefore improve declined bone microarchitecture. So far, there are mainly two types of anti-osteoporosis drugs: antiresorptive agents and anabolic agents. The antiresorptive agents, including bisphosphonates and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) inhibitors, can improve microarchitecture in two ways: (1) preventing further loss of trabecular bone volume, trabecula number and connectivity; and (2) suppressing activation of remodeling, giving the remodeling unit more time to improve bone mineralization. The anabolic agents include teriparatide and abaloparatide, which can stimulate bone remodeling and some extent of bone modeling thus lead to a positive bone metabolism balance. Therefore, anabolic agents can increase the number of trabecula and improve trabecular bone structure. Except for the two types of agents, sclerostin antibodies, a new type of anti-osteoporosis drug, can neutralize sclerostin to bilaterally promote bone formation and inhibit bone resorption, leading to an improvement in microarchitecture in both cortical bone and trabecular bone. Although many studies have proved the efficacy of anti-osteoporosis drugs in the improvement of bone microarchitecture and quality, further research is still needed for specific topics, such as the mechanism of RANKL inhibitor to improve bone modeling and the effect of bisphosphonate on porosity of cortical bone.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 873-879, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957080

ABSTRACT

With the aging of society, the incidence of osteoporosis is increasing. Osteoporotic fractures are directly related to osteoporosis. In the context of the gradual increase in osteoporosis, the number of osteoporotic fractures is increasing, and the incidence of refractures is also increasing annually. Refracture after an osteoporotic fracture refers to the occurrence of a new fracture after the initial fracture due to the lack of improvement in bone density and quality and the effect of low-energy external force on the bone. The occurrence of refracture has more harm to the patient's treatment plan, fracture healing, rehabilitation training, self-care ability, psychological expectation, compliance and other clinical indicators. Therefore, the prevention and management of refracture after osteoporotic fracture has gradually become a hot topic at home and abroad. At present, in this field of prevention and treatment, both clinicians and community doctors have problems with insufficient awareness and short-sighted clinical management, such as unclear management standards for refracture prevention, unclear division of labor between doctors at all levels and various types of doctors, and inadequate measures to improve patient's compliance. Focusing on the characteristics of osteoporotic fractures, refractures, and refracture prevention and management, the core points of refracture prevention and management are proposed and elaborated, and the corresponding contents, fixed teams, proprietary databases or proprietary books of refracture prevention and management should be clarified, so as to provide reference for further improving the clinical management of refracture prevention and treatment after osteoporotic fractures.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1630-1633, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942830

ABSTRACT

Posterior cataract opacification(PCO)is the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation(EMT)of residual lens epithelial cells(LECs)after cataract surgery, resulting in opaque scar which is one of the main complications of cataract surgery. A large amount of fibronectin(FN)produced by LECs after cataract surgery binds to a variety of cell surface receptors, matrix components and growth factors to regulate cell behavior. The purpose of this article is to review the literatures on the treatment of PCO targeting fibronectin and provide references for clinical treatment of PCO. In this paper, the research status of fibronectin in PCO in recent years is reviewed.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 959-966, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928014

ABSTRACT

The present study detected the component content in Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum by HPLC fingerprint and the multi-component determination method. HPLC analysis was performed on the Agilent ZORBAX SB-C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm). Acetonitrile-0.5% phosphoric acid aqueous solution with gradient elution was employed as the mobile phase. The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃. The detection wavelength was 210 nm and the sample volume was 10 μL. The similarity of 18 batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum was 0.343-0.779, indicating that there were great differences between different batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum. Eighteen common peaks were identified, including eight flavonoids such as liquiritigenin and latifolin. The mass fractions of liquiritigenin, luteolin, naringenin, isoliquiritigenin, formononetin, dalbergin, latifolin, and pinocembrin were in the ranges of 0.134 1%-0.495 2%, 0.028 2%-0.167 0%, 0.016 3%-0.591 3%, 0.053 5%-0.188 0%, 0.142 4%-0.640 1%, 0.068 0%-0.590 7%, 0.003 2%-1.980 7%, and 0.009 6%-0.740 2%, respectively. Eighteen batches of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum were divided into three categories by cluster analysis and eight differential components in Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum were marked by partial least-squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA). The cumulative variance contribution rate was 90.5%. The HPLC fingerprint combined with the multi-component determination method for Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum is easy in operation and accurate in results, with good repeatability and reliability. The quality of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum can be evaluated and analyzed by the PLS-DA model. This study is expected to provide a reference for the quality control and clinical application of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 528-536, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927997

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and serum pharmacochemistry were employed to study the migrating components in rat sera after intragastric administration of the water extracts of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix(PTR). After the respective intragastric administration of PLR and PTR extracts, blood samples were collected from the orbital vein. The serum samples were treated by protein precipitation method with methanol and acetonitrile at a ratio of 1∶1 and then passed through Agilent ZORBAX RRHD SB-C_(18) column(3 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) and Agilent SB-C_(18) pre-column(3 mm×5 mm, 1.8 μm) with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) as the mobile phase. The elution was performed at the flow rate of 0.25 mL·min~(-1), the column temperature of 40 ℃, and the injection volume of 2 μL. By comparison of the total ion chromatogram and secondary fragment ion information of PLR and PTR water extracts, PLR-and PTR-containing sera, and blank serum, we found 42 migrating components(including 17 prototype components and 25 metabolites) in the sera of rats treated with PLR and 35 migrating components(including 15 prototype components and 20 metabolites) in the sera of rats treated with PTR. Thirty-three common components were shared by the two treatments, including 13 prototype components and 20 metabolites. The differences of migrating components in the PLR-and PTR-treated rat sera provide a scientific basis for further study of the active components and quality markers of PLR and PTR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Serum
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 271-278, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927934

ABSTRACT

Due to the characteristics of confusing varieties of Chinese medicinal materials, different sources, complex chemical composition, non-standard preparation process, and non-standard pharmaceutical equipment, the quality of Chinese medicinal preparations is difficult to be controlled and evaluated effectively under the current quality control mode and method of Chinese medicinal preparation. The present study proposed an engineering quality view of Chinese medicine pharmacy and a strategy to control the quality of Chinese medicinal preparations based on the current situation. The "overall, dialectical, and dynamic" multi-factor engineering quality view, covering original medicinal materials, preparation technologies, pharmaceutical equipment, and Chinese medicinal preparations, ensures the traceable process, measurable procedures, and feedback quality. The quality control mode of Chinese medicinal preparation with controllable sources, standardized preparation technologies, green pharmaceutical equipment, and intelligent manufacturing is built up.


Subject(s)
Commerce , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmacy , Quality Control
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 79-82, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927338

ABSTRACT

The paper summarizes professor LIN Guo-hua's clinical experience in staging treatment for post-stroke dysphagia. Professor LIN Guo-hua adheres to "essence and marrow deficiency and primary yang decline" as the pathogenesis and "conducting yin from yang " as the treating principle. By regulating the conception vessel and the governor vessel and focusing on yang meridians, in association with meridian differentiation and the location differentiation, professor LIN provides the staging treatment for post-stroke dysphagia. At the oral phase, yangming is dysfunction, manifested as facial paralysis and flaccid tongue. In treatment, reducing method is predominated at yangming meridian specially. At the pharyngeal phase, shaoyang is invaded by pathogens, manifested as pivoting dysfunction. The treatment focuses on communicating the exterior with the interior and promoting shaoyang meridian. At the esophageal phase, yangming meridian is deficiency and the turbid qi fails to descend, thus the reinforcing method is dominated to promote and tonify yangming. Additionally, the kinesiotherapy of acupuncture is assisted and the Lingnan fire needling therapy is used particularly. All of the summaries above provide the reference for the clinical treatment of post-stroke dysphagia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Meridians
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL