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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1522-1526, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013730

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of sodium pyruvate on apoptosis and autophagy of HT22 in mouse hippocampal neuronal cells under hypoxia conditions. Methods HT22 cells were incubated with different concentrations of sodium pyruvate to detect their cellular activity by MTS; iron staining was used to further observe the effect of sodium pyruvate on HT22 cells in mitochondrial metabolism; lysosomal staining was applied to detect the lysosomal changes of sodium pyruvate on HT22 cells; Western blot was used to detect the expression of Bcl-2, Bax and LC3-II/LC3- I proteins. Results To verify whether sodium pyruvate exerted neuroprotective effects on mouse hippocampal HT22 cells through affecting mitochondrial apoptosis and autophagy pathways, which were improved by administration of sodium pyruvate. Conclusions Sodium pyruvate administration under hypoxic conditions can reduce the neuroprotective effect of hypoxic injury by reducing apoptosis and activating autophagy in HT22 cells.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6582-6591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008857

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) is a chronic metabolic condition with rapidly increasing incidence, becoming a public health issue of worldwide concern. Studies have shown that farnesoid X receptor(FXR)-based modulation of downstream targets can improve liver function and metabolic status in the patients with NAFLD and may be a potential drug target for treating this di-sease. Great progress has been achieved in the development of drugs targeting FXR for the treatment of NAFLD. A number of studies have explored the traditional Chinese medicine and their active ingredients for the treatment of NAFLD via FXR considering the high safety and efficacy and mild side effects. This paper systematically describes the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicines in the treatment of NAFLD via FXR and the downstream targets, aiming to provide precise targets for the drug development and clinical treatment of NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Liver , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/adverse effects , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/metabolism
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5181-5194, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008716

ABSTRACT

Artemisia argyi is an important medicinal and economic plant in China, with the effects of warming channels, dispersing cold, and relieving pain, inflammation, and allergy. The essential oil of this plant is rich in volatile terpenoids and widely used in moxi-bustion and healthcare products, with huge market potential. The bZIP transcription factors compose a large family in plants and are involved in the regulation of plant growth and development, stress response, and biosynthesis of secondary metabolites such as terpenoids. However, little is known about the bZIPs and their roles in A. argyi. In this study, the bZIP transcription factors in the genome of A. argyi were systematically identified, and their physicochemical properties, phylogenetic relationship, conserved motifs, and promoter-binding elements were analyzed. Candidate AarbZIP genes involved in terpenoid biosynthesis were screened out. The results showed that a total of 156 AarbZIP transcription factors were identified at the genomic level, with the lengths of 99-618 aa, the molecular weights of 11.7-67.8 kDa, and the theoretical isoelectric points of 4.56-10.16. According to the classification of bZIPs in Arabidopsis thaliana, the 156 AarbZIPs were classified into 12 subfamilies, and the members in the same subfamily had similar conserved motifs. The cis-acting elements of promoters showed that AarbZIP genes were possibly involved in light and hormonal pathways. Five AarbZIP genes that may be involved in the regulation of terpenoid biosynthesis were screened out by homologous alignment and phylogenetic analysis. The qRT-PCR results showed that the expression levels of the five AarbZIP genes varied significantly in different tissues of A. argyi. Specifically, AarbZIP29 and AarbZIP55 were highly expressed in the leaves and AarbZIP81, AarbZIP130, and AarbZIP150 in the flower buds. This study lays a foundation for the functional study of bZIP genes and their regulatory roles in the terpenoid biosynthesis in A. argyi.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Phylogeny , Artemisia/genetics , Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors/metabolism , Terpenes , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1153-1158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009203

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of arthroscopy-assisted rotator cuff tendon transfer in treating irreparable rotator cuff tears (IRCT).@*METHODS@#From May 2015 to May 2018, 23 patients with unrepairable rotator cuff tears were treated with arthroscopy-assisted rotator cuff tendon transfer, and 21 patients were followed up finally, including 8 males and 13 females, aged from 48 to 82 years old with an average of(64.3±9.1) years old;the courses of disease ranged from 6 to 36 months with an average of (14.0±6.4) months. American Rotator and Elbow Surgeons Score(ASES) and Constant-Murley score were used to evaluate clinical efficacy before surgery and at the latest follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All 21 patients were followed up for 36 to 54 months with an average of (39.4±4.4) months. Axillary incision of 1 patient was redness, swelling and exudation after surgery, which healed after 3 weeks of dressing change, and exudate culture was negative. At the latest follow-up, MRI showed partial tearing of the metastatic tendon in 2 patients, but pain and movement of the affected shoulder were still better than before surgery. ASES increased from preoperative (41.0±9.6) scores to the latest follow-up (75.6±14.0) scores, and had statistical difference (t=10.50, P<0.01). Constant-Murley score increased from (49.8±7.1) scores before operation to (67.5±11.6) scores at the latest follow-up (t=11.27, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic assisted latissimus dorsalis tendon transposition restores physiological and anatomical structure of glenohumeral joint by reconstructing balance of horizontal and vertical couples of shoulder joint, thus achieving the stability of the shoulder joint, relieving shoulder pain and improving shoulder joint function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Superficial Back Muscles , Rotator Cuff , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendon Transfer , Arthroscopy , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 521-526, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of procalcitonin (PCT) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of the pyroptosis-related proteins nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) and caspase-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).@*METHODS@#HUVECs were induced by LPS to establish a model of sepsis-induced inflammatory endothelial cell injury. The experiment was divided into two parts. In the first part, HUVECs were randomly divided into four groups: normal control, LPS (1 μg/mL), PCT (10 ng/mL), and LPS+PCT (n=3 each). In the second part, HUVECs were randomly grouped: normal control, LPS, and LPS+PCT of different concentrations (0.1, 1, 10, and 100 ng/mL) (n=3 each). Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 in each group.@*RESULTS@#In the first experiment: compared with the normal control group, the PCT, LPS, and LPS+PCT groups had significantly upregulated mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 (P<0.05); compared with the LPS group, the LPS+PCT group had significantly downregulated mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 (P<0.05). In the second experiment: compared with those in the LPS group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 in the LPS+PCT of different concentrations groups were significantly downregulated in a concentration-dependent manner (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LPS can promote the expression of the pyroptosis-related proteins NLRP3 and caspase-1 in HUVECs, while PCT can inhibit the LPS-induced expression of the pyroptosis-related proteins NLRP3 and caspase-1 in HUVECs in a concentration-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caspase 1/metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Procalcitonin , Nucleotides/pharmacology
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 350-355, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981954

ABSTRACT

Multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF) is a severe form of asthenozoospermia categorized by immotile spermatozoa with abnormal flagella in ejaculate. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) is used to detect pathogenic variants in patients with MMAF. In this study, a novel homozygous frameshift variant (c.6158_6159insT) in dynein axonemal heavy chain 8 (DNAH8) from two infertile brothers with MMAF in a consanguineous Pakistani family was identified by WES. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) confirmed DNAH8 mRNA decay in these patients with the DNAH8 mutation. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and transmission electron microscopy revealed highly divergent morphology and ultrastructure of sperm flagella in these patients. Furthermore, an immunofluorescence assay showed the absence of DNAH8 and a reduction in its associated protein DNAH17 in the patients' spermatozoa. Collectively, our study expands the phenotypic spectrum of patients with DNAH8-related MMAF worldwide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Consanguinity , Pakistan , Infertility, Male/metabolism , Semen/metabolism , Sperm Tail/metabolism , Spermatozoa/metabolism , Flagella/pathology , Mutation
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 34-39, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a method for the detection of carbamazepine and its metabolites 10,11-dihydro-10,11-epoxycarbamazepine and 10,11-dihydro-10-hydroxycarbamazepine in blood samples by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).@*METHODS@#The blood samples were treated with 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate as an extraction solvent. The samples were extracted by ultrasound-assisted extraction and separated by ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C18, 95Å column. The mobile phase A aqueous solution containing 0.1% formic acid and 10 mmol/L ammonium acetate, and mobile phase B mixed organic solvent containing acetonitrile/methanol (Vacetonitrile∶Vmethanol=2∶3) were used for gradient elution at the flow rate of 1.00 mL/min. An electrospray ion source in positive mode was used for detection in the multiple reaction monitoring.@*RESULTS@#The linearities of carbamazepine and its metabolites 10,11-dihydro-10,11-epoxycarbamazepine and 10,11-dihydro-10-hydroxycarbamazepine in blood samples were good within the corresponding range, with correlation coefficients (r) greater than 0.995 6. The limits of detection were 3.00, 0.40 and 1.30 ng/mL, respectively. The limit of quantitation were 8.00, 1.00 and 5.00 ng/mL, respectively. The extraction recoveries ranged from 76.00% to 106.44%. The relative standard deviations of the intra-day and inter-day precisions were less than 16%. Carbamazepine and its main metabolite 10,11-dihydro-10,11-epoxycarbamazepine were detected in blood samples of death cases with a mass concentration of 2.71 μg/mL and 252.14 ng/mL, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This method has high sensitivity and good selectivity, which is suitable for the detection of carbamazepine and its metabolites in blood samples, and can be used for carbamazepine-related forensic identifications.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methanol , Carbamazepine/analysis , Benzodiazepines/analysis , Solvents , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Solid Phase Extraction
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 659-667, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927948

ABSTRACT

Artemisia Argyi Folium, a traditional Chinese medicine of important medicinal and economic value, sees increasing demand in medicinal and moxibustion product market. Screening stable and reliable reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR) is a prerequisite for the analysis of gene expression in Artemisia argyi. In this study, eight commonly used reference genes, Actin, 18s, EF-1α, GAPDH, SAND, PAL, TUA, and TUB, from the transcriptome of A. argyi, were selected as candidate genes. The expression of each gene in different tissues(roots, stems, and leaves) of A. argyi and in leaves of A. argyi after treatment with methyl jasmonate(MeJA) for different time(0, 4, 8, 12 h) was detected by qRT-PCR. Then, geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, ΔCT, and RefFinder were employed to evaluate their expression stability. The results demonstrated that Actin was the most stable reference gene in different tissues and in leaves treated with MeJA, and coming in the second was SAND. Furthermore, the expression of DXS and MCT which are involved in terpenoid backbone biosynthesis was detected in different tissues and after MeJA treatment. The results showed that the expression patterns of DXS and MCT in different tissues and under MeJA treatment calculated with Actin and SAND as internal reference genes were consistent, which validated the screening results. In conclusion, Actin is the most suitable reference gene for the analysis of gene expression in different tissues of A. argyi and after MeJA treatment. This study provides valuable information for gene expression analysis in A. argyi and lays a foundation for further research on molecular mechanism of quality formation of Artemisia Argyi Folium.


Subject(s)
Artemisia/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Plant/genetics , Plant Leaves/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards , Transcriptome
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 272-282, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940412

ABSTRACT

The occurrence and development of colorectal cancer as a complex disease involves the abnormality of multiple signaling pathways. Chinese medicine regulates a variety of biological processes such as tumor cell differentiation, cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell metastasis, cell cycle, and tumor angiogenesis to prevent the occurrence of colorectal cancer (inflammation-cancer transformation), tumor metastasis (common metastases of colorectal cancer include liver metastasis, lung metastasis, bone metastasis, and lymphatic metastasis), and multidrug resistance induced by chemotherapy, treat primary tumors, and mitigate the toxic and side effects of chemotherapy. The pathways of Chinese medicine in the treatment of colorectal cancer have been intensively studied. The available studies have demonstrated that Patrinia villosa Juss and Pien Tze Huang can regulate the Notch pathway to inhibit the growth of colorectal cancer cells. Curcumin and Quyu Jiedu decoction regulate Hippo pathway to inhibit the survival, proliferation, invasion, and migration of colorectal cancer cells. Kujin tea and luteolin suppress the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells and protect intestinal barrier by regulating Kelch-like epichlorohydrin-associated protein-1 (Keap1)/nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway. Icariin and ginkgolide C can regulate hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/cellular-mesenchymal to epithelial transition factor (c-Met) pathway to induce apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells and prevent liver metastasis of colorectal cancer. Verbascoside and apigenin regulate p53 protein to promote apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells, reverse thymidylate synthase (TS), and alleviate the multidrug resistance of colorectal cancer. Resveratrol and lycopene regulate insulin-like growth factor (IGF)/insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 (IGF1R) pathway to inhibit cancer cell metastasis and prolong disease-free survival. Cordycepin and Galla Chinensis water extract activate AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway to inhibit the migration and invasion of cancer cells as well as the lung metastasis of colorectal cancer. The above summary aims to provide reference for the in-depth research on the treatment of colorectal cancer with Chinese medicine and inspire new research ideas.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 131-140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940297

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of different treatment methods of "soothing liver, invigorating spleen, soothing liver and invigorating spleen, soothing liver first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, as well as invigorating spleen first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen" on liver depression combined with liver injury in rats and their action mechanisms. MethodA six-week rat model of liver depression combined with liver injury was established by restraint stress and subcutaneous injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4, 5.89 g·kg-1, once every three days). At the same time, the drugs were given by gavage. Forty-eight male SD rats of clean grade were randomly divided into eight groups, namely the normal group, model group, bicyclol (0.2 g·kg-1) group, Sinisan (4.32 g·kg-1) group, Liu Junzitang (9.26 g·kg-1) group, Chaishao Liu Junzitang A (Chai A, soothing liver and invigorating spleen,13.57 g·kg-1) group, Chaishao Liu Junzitang B (Chai B, soothing liver first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, 13.57 g·kg-1) group, and Chaishao Liu Junzitang C (Chai C, invigorating spleen first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, 13.57 g·kg-1) group, with six rats in each group. The pathological changes in liver and colon tissues of each group were observed under light microscope and electron microscope. The serum biochemical indexes of the liver were detected using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The relative mRNA expression levels of Takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5) and intestinal mucosal zona occluden-1 (ZO-1), Occludin, and Claudin-1 in the liver and colon were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The positive expression rate of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the colon was detected by immunohistochemistry. ResultCompared with normal group, the model group exhibited significantly elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), and direct bilirubin (DBIL) (P<0.01), lowered TGR5 mRNA expression in liver tissue, up-regulated TGR5 mRNA expression in the colon tissue (P<0.05,P<0.01), and down-regulated ZO-1, Occludin, and tight junction protein-1 (Claudin-1) mRNA expression and PCNA in the colon tissue (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, bicyclol and Chai C remarkably decreased the levels of serum ALP, ALT, AST, TBIL, and DBIL (P<0.05,P<0.01), while Liu Junzitang, Chai A, Chai B, and Chai C significantly up-regulated the TGR5 mRNA expression in the liver and down-regulated its expression in the colon (P<0.01). Bicyclol, Chai A, Chai B, and Chai C enhanced the ZO-1 and Claudin-1 mRNA expression in the colon (P<0.05,P<0.01). Bicyclol, Sinisan, and Chai C increased PCNA expression (P<0.01). The comparison with the Chai C group showed that the TGR5 mRNA expression in the liver and ZO-1 mRNA expression in the colon of the bicyclol and Sinisan groups were lower, whereas the TGR5 mRNA expression in the colon was higher (P<0.01). However, the PCNA expression in the colon of the Liu Junzitang and Chai B groups declined significantly (P<0.05). ConclusionIn the presence of liver injury, invigorating spleen first helps to relieve the liver injury, and the efficacy of "spleen-invigorating" therapy in increasing the intestinal mucosal tight junction proteins and improving the gastrointestinal function is related to its activation of TGR5 to improve the intestinal mucosal barrier function, promote the renewal of intestinal stem cells, and drive the regeneration after injury.

11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 602-606, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936263

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and short-term effect of tensor tympani muscle Tenotomy in the treatment of Meniere's disease under otoscope. The possible pathogenesis was discussed and our views were put forward. Methods: The clinical data of 9 cases of Meniere's disease treated by otoscopic Tenotomy were analyzed retrospectively, including 2 males, 7 females, 5 right ones, 2 left ones and 2 bilateral ones. The average age was (56.33± 10.56) years, ranging from 38 to 75 years. We evaluated intraoperative findings and short-term postoperative efficacy, respectively evaluated postoperative aural fullness, tinnitus and hearing recovery, and evaluated postoperative vertigo attack in a short time. Results: Nine patients were completed the operation under general anaesthesia and otoscopy, and no serious complications occurred. We found new pathological changes in tympanic cavity in some cases during operation. There were rupture of round window membrane in 1 case, severe fibrous hyperplasia near the round window membrane and vestibular window and adhesion with ossicular chain in 1 case, fibrous cord and membranous hyperplasia near vestibular window and round window membrane in 1 case, fibrous hyperplasia and adhesion near the round window membrane in 2 cases, membranous hyperplasia and adhesion around vestibular window in 1 case. No fibrous hyperplasia was found in 3 cases in the tympanic cavity. The round window membrane can be exposed in 4 cases and failed in 5 cases. After 3 months of follow-up, we found that we found that 5/5 cases of aural fullness disappeared, 2/2 cases of earache disappeared, 3/8 cases of tinnitus improved, 5/8 cases presented with improvement and no aggravation, 3/3 cases of hearing allergy improved, 4/9 cases of hearing improved, and 5/9 cases showed no improvement or decrease. 9 patients were followed up for 3 months, of whom 8 patients had no vertigo, one patient suffered from vertigo twice within 3 months after operation, and the patient suffered from rupture of round window membrane. Conclusions: Endoscopic Tenotomy for Meniere's disease has obvious curative effect and quick recovery after operation. During the operation, we find that most of Meniere's patients have fibrous cord hyperplasia near the inner ear window membrane, which may be the pathological manifestation after repeated rupture and repair of the inner ear window membrane. The vertigo of Meniere's disease may be related to the destruction and repair of inner ear membrane structure caused by improper contraction or spasm of tympanic tensor muscle.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hyperplasia/pathology , Meniere Disease/surgery , Otoscopes/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Tenotomy/adverse effects , Tensor Tympani/surgery , Tinnitus/complications , Vertigo/etiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 242-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935857

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To study the design of nonmetallic crowns for deciduous molars by means of computer aided design and to analyze the key parameters of the nonmetallic crowns of deciduous molars using finite element method. Methods: The three-dimensional model of a mandibular second primary molar was constructed by using a micro-CT system. The thickness of the crown was limited to 0.5 mm and four different crown shapes (chamfer+anatomic, chamfer+non-anatomic, knife edge+anatomic and knife edge+non-anatomic) were designed. Then, the crown shape was limited as chamfer+non-anatomic and five different thicknesses of the crown (0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25, 1.50 mm) were designed, and three different materials, including polyetherketoneketone (PEKK), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) resin and resin-infiltrated ceramic, were applied to make the crown. Stress distribution and fatigue of each component of the model under vertical and oblique loadings were analyzed by using finite element method. Non-axial retention analysis was performed on chamfer+non-anatomic crowns, made of PMMA resin, with thicknesses of 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25 and 1.50 mm. Results: Among the four crown shape designs, the chamfer+non-anatomic type crown showed the lowest von Mises stress and the highest safety factor. By comparing three different materials, the resin-infiltrated ceramic group showed obvious stress concentration on the buccal edge of the crown and the PEKK group showed stress concentration in the adhesive layer. Results of non-axial retention analysis showed that the torques required by the crowns with five thicknesses at the same rotation angle were as follows: 4 856.1, 4 038.1, 3 497.3, 3 256.3 and 3 074.3 N⋅m, respectively. The comparison of areas of the adhesives fracture among groups were as follows: 0.5 mm group < 0.75 mm group < 1.00 mm group < 1.25 mm group < 1.50 mm group. Conclusions: In the design of nonmetallic crowns for primary molars, the edge of the crown should be designed as chamfer, the shape of the inner crown should be non-anatomical and the minimum preparation amount of the occlusal surface should be 1.00 mm. Among the three materials, PMMA resin, of which elastic modulus is similar to the dentin and the dental adhesive, might be the most suitable material for the crowns of primary molars.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Finite Element Analysis , Molar
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 134-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935591

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer. Methods: Clinical data of 8 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from September 2019 to June 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 5 males and 3 females,aged from 47 to 72 years old. All patients underwent abdominal enhanced CT and PET-CT before operation to accurately evaluate the tumor stage and exclude distant metastasis. Results: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with AG regimen(gemcitabine 1 000 mg/m2 and albumin bound paclitaxel 125 mg/m2) was received for 2 to 6 cycles before surgery. All 8 patients successfully completed the operation,including 5 cases of pancreaticoduodenectomy,2 cases of radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy(RAMPS),and 1 case of total pancreatectomy. No conversion to laparotomy or laparoscopic assisted surgery. The operation time was 240 to 450 minutes,the blood loss was 100 to 500 ml,the postoperative length of stay was 10 to 16 days. During the follow-up period up to December 31, 2020, there was 1 case suffered grade B pancreatic leakage and abdominal infection. The numbers of resected lymph nodes were 9 to 31. All patients received R0 resection. The follow-up times were 4.5 to 9.5 months. One patient underwent RAMPS was diagnosed as liver metastasis after 2 months of the operation,and the other 7 patients still survived without tumor recurrence. Conclusion: Minimally invasive surgery of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is safe and feasible in experienced pancreatic minimally invasive centers.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Laparoscopy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 255-259, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928556

ABSTRACT

Asthenoteratozoospermia is one of the most severe types of qualitative sperm defects. Most cases are due to mutations in genes encoding the components of sperm flagella, which have an ultrastructure similar to that of motile cilia. Coiled-coil domain containing 103 (CCDC103) is an outer dynein arm assembly factor, and pathogenic variants of CCDC103 cause primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). However, whether CCDC103 pathogenic variants cause severe asthenoteratozoospermia has yet to be determined. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed for two individuals with nonsyndromic asthenoteratozoospermia in a consanguineous family. A homozygous CCDC103 variant segregating recessively with an infertility phenotype was identified (ENST00000035776.2, c.461A>C, p.His154Pro). CCDC103 p.His154Pro was previously reported as a high prevalence mutation causing PCD, though the reproductive phenotype of these PCD individuals is unknown. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of affected individuals' spermatozoa showed that the mid-piece was severely damaged with disorganized dynein arms, similar to the abnormal ultrastructure of respiratory ciliary of PCD individuals with the same mutation. Thus, our findings expand the phenotype spectrum of CCDC103 p.His154Pro as a novel pathogenic gene for nonsyndromic asthenospermia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asthenozoospermia/pathology , Dyneins/genetics , Homozygote , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Sperm Tail/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 107-116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906182

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the chemical constituents of Platycladi Cacumen<italic> </italic>before and after being carbonized. Method:Chemical constituents in 3 batches of Platycladi Cacumen and its carbonized products<italic> </italic>were identified and compared by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS). Chromatographic separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)- acetonitrile (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-3.5 min, 5%-15%B; 3.5-6 min, 15%-30%B; 6-6.5 min, 30%B; 6.5-12 min, 30%-70%B; 12-12.5 min, 70%B; 12.5-18 min, 70%-100%B; 18-22 min, 100%B). The flow rate was 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> and the injection volume was 5 μL. Mass spectrometry was performed by an electrospray ionization, and the primary and secondary mass spectrometry data were collected with the full scan mode of positive and negative ions, the peaks containing MS/MS data were identified by self-established secondary mass spectrometry database and corresponding fragmentation law matching method. Result:A total of 77 and 76 substances with the same change trend were identified under positive and negative ion modes. After being<italic> </italic>carbonized, the disappeared components of Platycladi Cacumen were mainly amino acids, ketone aldehydes and other volatile components. Among newly produced components, there were 6 kinds of flavonoid aglycones (rhamnetin, 6,7,3'-trihydroxyflavone, 3,6,3'-trihydroxyflavone, 4'-hydroxy-2'-methyl-3,4,5-trimethoxychalcone, herbacetin and 3',5'-dimethoxy-3,5,7,4'-tetrahydroxyflavone), 3 kinds of coumarins (7-hydroxycoumarin, 7,8-dihydroxycoumarin and 8-acetyl-7-hydroxycoum-arin) and 3 kinds of benzoic acids (3-methylcatechol, pyrocatechol and chromone-3-carboxylic acid). There were a total of 40 flavonoids (quercitrin, quercetin, kaempferol, etc.) among these identified chemical constituents. Conclusion:There are significant quantitative and qualitative changes in the chemical compositions of Platycladi Cacumen after being carbonized. The flavonoids, the identified main active ingredients, can provide data reference for further study on the material basis of efficacy changes of Platycladi Cacumen<italic> </italic>before and after being carbonized.

16.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 732-738, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the health self-assessment and related influencing factors in the migrant workers who received of physical examination in Shanghai, so as to provide reference for formulating health service policies for migrant workers. Methods:Taking Shanghai "Intelligent Blue Collar" Health Science Popularization Service Station as the investigation site, 8,100 urban workers were surveyed by questionnaire. The questionnaire includes basic information, health self-assessment, basic medical insurance coverage and satisfaction, subjective well-being and so on. Results:There were significant differences between migrant workers and local workers in health self-assessment, two-week disease prevalence rate, and chronic disease prevalence rate(χ2=32.981,P<0.05;χ2=4.554,P<0.05;χ2=86.695,P<0.05). The differences between migrant workers and local workers were also significant in the basic medical insurance coverage rate and the level of satisfaction (χ2=221.592,P<0.05;χ2=30.950,P<0.05). There was no significant difference in subjective well-being between these two groups(χ2=8.787,P>0.05). The health self-assessment of older migrant workers was significantly better than that of new generation migrant workers(β=0.062,P<0.05), and was significantly worse in female migrant workers than that in male migrant workers(β=-0.120,P<0.05). The health self-assessment was significantly better in migrant workers with agricultural household registration than that in non-agricultural household registration(β=0.060,P<0.05). The higher the satisfaction of basic medical insurance,the higher the subjective well-being and the better the health self-assessment(β=0.148,P<0.05;β=0.422,P<0.05). Conclusion:The health status of migrant workers in Shanghai who received physical examination is better than that of local workers, and the participation rate of basic medical insurance is lower than that of local workers. Age, gender and household registration are the important factors influencing the health self-assessment. Satisfaction with basic medical insurance level and subjective well-being is a significant factor to predict health self-assessment positively . We should further improve the fairness of medical insurance benefits for migrant workers, improve subjective well-being, and ensure the health fairness of the group.

17.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 112-118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and application value of three dimensional (3D) printing technology in creating models of abnormal fetal aortic arch and its branches.Methods:Eleven cases of abnormal fetuses confirmed fetal aortic arch and its branches anomalies from March 2019 to July 2020 in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were prospectively enrolled. All the fetuses underwent two dimensional(2D) echocardiography and spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) technology examination. The 3D volume images of fetal heart were post-processed by Mimics software to create images of the great vessels and their branches in standard tessellation language format (STL) file. The STL file was output to the 3D printer and the 3D printing models of fetal great vessels and their branches were obtained. Compared with conventional ultrasound, the characteristics and application value of 3D printed models of abnormal fetal aortic arch and its branches were analyzed.Results:Eleven fetuses were successfully modeled and printed out large blood vessels and their branch models. The 3D printing model had its own advantages in displaying large blood vessels and their branch abnormalities. It could provide high quality imaging anatomical details and visualize great vessels origin, branch and position and can better display vascular ring spatial relations.Conclusions:It is feasible to use 3D printing technology to make the fetal aortic arch and its branch abnormal model. The 3D printing model can directly display its characteristic changes and provide a certain reference basis for accurately determining the type of vascular ring in the prenatal stage.

18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 479-483, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888459

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is emerging as a global health threat and shows a higher risk for men than women. Thus far, the studies on andrological consequences of COVID-19 are limited. To ascertain the consequences of COVID-19 on sperm parameters after recovery, we recruited 41 reproductive-aged male patients who had recovered from COVID-19, and analyzed their semen parameters and serum sex hormones at a median time of 56 days after hospital discharge. For longitudinal analysis, a second sampling was obtained from 22 of the 41 patients after a median time interval of 29 days from first sampling. Compared with controls who had not suffered from COVID-19, the total sperm count, sperm concentration, and percentages of motile and progressively motile spermatozoa in the patients were significantly lower at first sampling, while sperm vitality and morphology were not affected. The total sperm count, sperm concentration, and number of motile spermatozoa per ejaculate were significantly increased and the percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm was reduced at the second sampling compared with those at first in the 22 patients examined. Though there were higher prolactin and lower progesterone levels in patients at first sampling than those in controls, no significant alterations were detected for any sex hormones examined over time following COVID-19 recovery in the 22 patients. Although it should be interpreted carefully, these findings indicate an adverse but potentially reversible consequence of COVID-19 on sperm quality.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Asthenozoospermia/virology , COVID-19/physiopathology , China , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/blood , Progesterone/blood , Prolactin/blood , SARS-CoV-2 , Semen/physiology , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa/physiology , Time Factors
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 627-632, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922370

ABSTRACT

Multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF) is a specific type of asthenoteratozoospermia, presenting with multiple morphological anomalies in spermatozoa, such as absent, bent, coiled, short, or irregular caliber flagella. Previous genetic studies revealed pathogenic mutations in genes encoding cilia and flagella-associated proteins (CFAPs; e.g., CFAP43, CFAP44, CFAP65, CFAP69, CFAP70, and CFAP251) responsible for the MMAF phenotype in infertile men from different ethnic groups. However, none of them have been identified in infertile Pakistani males with MMAF. In the current study, two Pakistani families with MMAF patients were recruited. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) of patients and their parents was performed. WES analysis reflected novel biallelic loss-of-function mutations in CFAP43 in both families (Family 1: ENST00000357060.3, p.Arg300Lysfs*22 and p.Thr526Serfs*43 in a compound heterozygous state; Family 2: ENST00000357060.3, p.Thr526Serfs*43 in a homozygous state). Sanger sequencing further confirmed that these mutations were segregated recessively in the families with the MMAF phenotype. Semiquantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was carried out to detect the effect of the mutation on mRNA of the affected gene. Previous research demonstrated that biallelic loss-of-function mutations in CFAP43 accounted for the majority of all CFAP43-mutant MMAF patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report CFAP43 biallelic loss-of-function mutations in a Pakistani population with the MMAF phenotype. This study will help researchers and clinicians to understand the genetic etiology of MMAF better.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Infertility, Male/epidemiology , Loss of Function Mutation/genetics , Microtubule Proteins/genetics , Pakistan/epidemiology , Sperm Tail/physiology
20.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 555-561, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922362

ABSTRACT

Meiosis is an essential step in gametogenesis which is the key process in sexually reproducing organisms as meiotic aberrations may result in infertility. In meiosis, programmed DNA double-strand break (DSB) formation is one of the fundamental processes that are essential for maintaining homolog interactions and correcting segregation of chromosomes. Although the number and distribution of meiotic DSBs are tightly regulated, still abnormalities in DSB formation are known to cause meiotic arrest and infertility. This review is a detailed account of molecular bases of meiotic DSB formation, its evolutionary conservation, and variations in different species. We further reviewed the mutations of DSB formation genes in association with human infertility and also proposed the future directions and strategies about the study of meiotic DSB formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded , DNA Repair/genetics , Infertility/genetics , Meiosis/physiology
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