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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1731-1735, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942851

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the early variation trend of the vault after phakic posterior chamber implantable collamer lens/toric implantable collamer lens(ICL/TICL V4c)implantation and analyze the related influencing factors.METHODS:In this retrospective study, a total of 49 patients(98 eyes)who underwent ICL/TICL V4c implantation in the Lanzhou Huaxia Eye Hospital from October 2020 to March 2021 were enrolled. Preoperative ocular biometric parameters were collected, including spherical equivalent(SE), intraocular pressure, axial length, anterior chamber depth(ACD), lens thickness(LT), central corneal thickness, anterior chamber angle(ACA), anterior chamber volume(ACV), white to white corneal diameter(WTW), mean keratometry K1 and K2, and intraoperative implantation size of ICL. The vault was measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography(AS-OCT)at 1, 3d, 1wk and 1mo after surgery. The patients were divided into insufficient vault group(<250μm, 12 eyes), normal vault group(250-750μm, 62 eyes)and excessive vault group(>750μm, 24 eyes)according to the vault at 1mo after surgery. The factors affecting the postoperative vault were analyzed.RESULTS:The mean vault values at 1 and 3d, 1wk and 1mo after surgery were 591.05±293.44, 599.62±309.78, 592.22±301.49 and 586.69±285.63μm, respectively. There were significant differences in WTW, ACA, ACV, ACD, ICL size and LT at 1mo after surgery(all P<0.05). The regression equation of vault at 1mo after surgery was as follows: vault(μm)=-3142.19+388.25×WTW+10.40×ACA-301.63×LT(R=0.674, R2=0.454, adjusted R2=0.436). WTW had the greatest influence on vault at 1mo after surgery(β=0.47, P<0.001), followed by LT(β=-0.34, P<0.001)and ACA(β=0.17, P=0.047).CONCLUSION:WTW, ACA and LT were the main factors that affected and predicted the vault at 1mo after ICL/TICL V4c implantation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940532

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the guidance value of “treatment of disease in accordance with three conditions” theory in the prevention and treatment of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19) based on the differences of syndromes and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatments in COVID-19 patients from Xingtai Hospital of Chinese Medicine of Hebei province and Ruili Hospital of Chinese Medicine and Dai Medicine of Yunnan province and discuss its significance in the prevention and treatment of the unexpected acute infectious diseases. MethodDemographics data and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients from the two hospitals were collected retrospectively and analyzed by SPSS 18.0. The information on formulas was obtained from the hospital information system (HIS) of the two hospitals and analyzed by the big data intelligent processing and knowledge service system of Guangdong Hospital of Chinese Medicine for frequency statistics and association rules analysis. Heat map-hierarchical clustering analysis was used to explore the correlation between clinical characteristics and formulas. ResultA total of 175 patients with COVID-19 were included in this study. The 70 patients in Xingtai,dominated by young and middle-aged males,had clinical symptoms of fever, abnormal sweating,and fatigue. The main pathogenesis is stagnant cold-dampness in the exterior and impaired yin by depressed heat, with manifest cold, dampness, and deficiency syndromes. The therapeutic methods highlight relieving exterior syndrome and resolving dampness, accompanied by draining depressed heat. The core Chinese medicines used are Poria,Armeniacae Semen Amarum,Gypsum Fibrosum,Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium,and Pogostemonis Herba. By contrast,the 105 patients in Ruili, dominated by young females, had atypical clinical symptoms, and most of them were asymptomatic patients or mild cases. The main pathogenesis is dampness obstructing the lung and the stomach, with obvious dampness and heat syndromes. The therapeutic methods are mainly invigorating the spleen, resolving dampness, and dispersing Qi with light drugs. The core Chinese medicines used are Poria,Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,Coicis Semen,Platycodonis Radix,Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, and Pogostemonis Herba. ConclusionThe differences in clinical characteristics, TCM syndromes, and medication of COVID-19 patients from the two places may result from different regions,population characteristics, and the time point of the COVID-19 outbreak. The “treatment of disease in accordance with three conditions” theory can help to understand the internal correlation and guide the treatments.

3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 462-473, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935888

ABSTRACT

With the aging process of population in the society, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in China is increasing continuously and the number of dental patients with CVD is increasing gradually too. Due to the lack of guidelines for dental patients with CVD in our country, how to implement standardized preoperative evaluation and perioperative risk prevention remains a problem to be solved for dentists at present. The present expert consensus was reached by combining the clinical experiences of the expert group of the Fifth General Dentistry Special Committee, Chinese Stomatological Association and respiratory and cardiology experts in diagnosis and treatment for CVD patients, and by systematically summarizing the relevant international guidelines and literature regarding the relationship between CVD and oral diseases and the diagnosis and treatment of dental patients with heart failure, hypertension and antithrombotic therapy. The consensus aims to provide, for the dental clinicians, the criteria on diagnosis and treatment of CVD in dental patients in China so as to reduce the risk and complications, and finally to improve the treatment levels of dental patients with CVD in China.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Oral Medicine
4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 455-461, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935887

ABSTRACT

Today, there is greater awareness on the association between oral diseases and respiration diseases after the outbreak of COVID-19. However, confusion regarding the oral health management and medical risk prevention for patients with chronic airway diseases has been remained among dental clinicians. Therefore, the dental experts of the Fifth General Dentistry Special Committee, Chinese Stomatological Association, combined with the experts of respiratory and critical care medicine, undertook the formation of consensus on the oral health management of patients with chronic airway diseases in order to help dental clinicians to evaluate medical risks and make better treatment decision in clinical practice. In the present consensus report, the relationship of oral diseases and chronic airway diseases, the oral health management and the treatment recommendations of patients with chronic airway diseases are provided.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Consensus , Humans , Oral Health , Oral Medicine
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935281

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence and critical windows of prenatal exposure to pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) on neurodevelopment of 2-year-old children. Methods: The subjects of this study were derived from the Xuanwei Birth Cohort. A total of 482 pregnant women who participated in the rural district of Xuanwei birth cohort from January 2016 to December 2018 were included. Maternal urinary concentrations of PYRs metabolites during 8-12 gestational weeks, 20-23 gestational weeks and 32-35 gestational weeks were measured with ultra high performance liquid chromatography system coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry detector. Child neurodevelopment was evaluated with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition at 2 years of age. Multivariate linear regression models and binary logistic regression models were used to assess the association between PYRs exposure during pregnancy and children's neurodevelopment. Results: A total of 360 mother-child pairs had complete data on maternal urinary PYRs metabolites detection and children's neurodevelopment assessment. The detection rate of any one PYRs metabolites during the first, second and third trimester were 93.6% (337/360), 90.8% (327/360) and 94.2% (339/360), respectively. The neurodevelopmental scores of Cognitive, Language, Motor, Social-Emotional, and Adaptive Behavior of 2-year-old children were (102.3±18.9), (100.2±16.3), (102.0±20.3), (107.8±23.3) and (85.8±18.6) points, respectively. After controlling for confounding factors, 4-fluoro-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (4F3PBA, one of PYRs metabolites) exposure in the first trimester reduced Motor (β=-5.02, 95%CI: -9.08, -0.97) and Adaptive Behavior (β=-4.12, 95%CI:-7.92, -0.32) scores of 2-year-old children, and increased risk of developmental delay of adaptive behavior (OR=2.07, 95%CI:1.13-3.82). Conclusion: PYRs exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy may affect neurodevelopment of 2-year-old children, and the first trimester may be the critical window.


Subject(s)
Birth Cohort , Child Development , Child, Preschool , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Maternal Exposure/adverse effects , Pesticides/adverse effects , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/chemically induced , Pyrethrins/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 393-396, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933240

ABSTRACT

Hypercalciuria, as a common clinical feature of kidney stones, is a common feature of hereditary diseases such as idiopathic hypercalciuria, autosomal dominant hypocalcaemia, Bartter's syndrome, Dent disease, hereditary hypophosphataemic rickets with hypercalciuria, infantile hypercalcaemia, familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis, hereditary distal renal tubular acidosis, However, the clinical phenotypes and genotypes of these hypercalciuric kidney stones have their own characteristics. We summarized the results of recent genetic studies on hypercalciuria to promote clinical screening, diagnosis and reasonable treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 222-232, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913174

ABSTRACT

The dense extracellular matrix (ECM) of the tumor severely limits the deep penetration of nanomedicine and weakens its anti-tumor effect. Based on this, the yeast vesicle biomimetic nanomedicine with active deep penetration ability of tumor tissue was designed and developed for enhanced tumor therapy. Results of characterization showed that the yeast cell vesicles (YCV) displayed a spherical morphology with diameter of around 100 nm and was well dispersed. Then the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) was selected as a model drug, and DOX was loaded into YCV to obtain YCV/DOX through electrostatic interaction, the encapsulation efficiencies of DOX were calculated as 82.5%. The drug release profile of YCV/DOX implied that DOX release showed a manner of pH-dependent, it may be that pH has affected the electrostatic effect of YCV and DOX. Compared with liposomes (Lipo), in vitro cell experiments showed that YCV from natural sources had stronger permeability in three-dimensional multicellular spheres. It is speculated that the mechanism may be good deformation capacity of YCV. A 4T1 xenograft tumor model was established to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of YCV/DOX. The results suggested that YCV/DOX has stronger tumor tissue penetration ability and could effectively inhibit the tumor growth. All animal experiments were performed in line with national regulations and approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of Zhengzhou University. This study brings new ideas for the development of biomimetic nanomedicine to overcome the ECM of solid tumors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the impacts on weight reduction effect treated with acupoint thread embedding therapy at different tissue levels under ultrasonic guidance.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients with overweight or obesity were randomized into a shallow-tissue thread embedding group (35 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a deep-tissue thread embedding group (35 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Under ultrasonic guidance, the thread was embedded in the shallow tissue level and the deep tissue level respectively. The acupoints were Zhongwan (CV 12), Xiawan (CV 10), Shuifen (CV 9), Zhongji (CV 3), etc. The thread embedding therapy was exerted once every 2 weeks, totally for 3 times. Before and 2 weeks after treatment, body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and hip circumference were recorded in the patients of the two groups separately. After each treatment, the number and the property of blood vessels under each acupoint were detected by ultrasound. Besides, the needling sensation and the intensity were scored and the adverse events were observed after thread embedding therapy.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the reduction range of body mass, BMI and waist circumference in the deep-tissue thread embedding group were larger than those in the shallow-tissue thread embedding group successively (@*CONCLUSION@#The deep-tissue thread embedding therapy achieves the stronger


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Body Mass Index , Catgut , Humans , Ultrasonics , Weight Loss
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875950

ABSTRACT

Objective The present study was conducted to identify the Vibrio cholera type and to analyze its antibiotic resistance in an epidemic of cholera in Haiyan County in 2018, which would provide the references for prevention and control of cholera. Methods Stool samples of the patient and his close contacts as well as the food and environmental samples were collected for identification of the type of Vibrio cholerae and the toxin gene. The resistance of identified Vibrio cholerae to 20 different common antibiotics were tested. Results A total of 176 samples were collected, including 101 stool samples from the case and his close contacts, 35 environmental samples and 40 food samples. Among those samples, only one strain of V. cholerae, O139, was isolated from the patient's first feces sample. It was detected as a toxin gene of ctxA positive by real-time fluorescence PCR. Antibiotic resistance test showed that the strain was sensitive to norfloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, cephalothin, ampicillin, and amoxicillin. It was 100% resistant to tetracycline, doxycycline, neomycin, kanamycin, streptomycin, and rifampicin. Conclusion V. cholerae O139 strain with ctxA is detected in an epidemic of cholera. Norfloxacin, levofluoxacin and some other antibiotics could be used for clinical treatment and prevention. It should pay attention to this strain of V. cholera regarding the multiple drug resistance and the change of antibiotic resistance.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 217-223, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872618

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of SYT-1, a new compound of tetrahydroisoquino-line, on tumor cell proliferation and underlying mechanisms. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method was used to detect cell proliferation; clone formation experiment was used to detect cell clone formation ability; JC-1 probe was used to detect cell mitochondrial membrane potential; 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) probe was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species; Annexin V-FITC/PI (fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium) counterstaining method was used to detect apoptosis; Western blot assay was used to detect the expression level of related proteins. The experimental results show that SYT-1 has a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of six human-derived cancer cells. Among them, the inhibitory effect on breast cancer MCF-7 cells is the strongest, the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of SYT-1 of 48 h administration on MCF-7 cells is 5.87 μmol·L-1, which is better than that of cisplatin (8.92 μmol·L-1). Further studies have shown that SYT-1 can dose-dependently inhibit the monoclonal formation ability of MCF-7 cells, and can cause the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells to decrease and the level of reactive oxygen species to increase. In addition, SYT-1 can significantly inhibit the activation of PI3K-Akt (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B) signaling pathway and induce apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. The above research results show that, as a new type of tetrahydroisoquinoline compound, SYT-1 has the potential to inhibit tumor cell proliferation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of atomoxetine combined with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Methods:Totally 104 children diagnosed with ADHD were randomly divided into atomoxetine group ( n=34), CBT group ( n=35) and atomoxetine combined with CBT group ( n=35). After 12 weeks of treatment, questionnaire-children with difficulties (QCD), Swanson child behavior checklist (SNAP-Ⅳ) and Conners parents rating scales (CPRS) were used to evaluate the efficacy and recorded the adverse reactions during the treatment. SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Paired sample t-test was used to compare the scores of the same group before and after treatment, and one-way ANOVA was used to compare the difference between the three groups after treatment. Results:(1)Compared with baseline, the score of QCD increased(32.96±3.01, 43.00±2.22) ( t=-13.35, P<0.01) , while the attention deficit(15.67±3.46, 6.07±1.73), hyperactivity/impulse(13.59±3.41, 7.30±2.43), opposition disobedience(9.85±3.98, 2.59±2.17) and total score(39.11±6.65, 16.59±3.91) of SNAP-Ⅳ decreased in atomoxetine combined with CBT group after treatment ( t=14.96, 10.87, 11.77, 21.49, all P<0.01). The factor scores of behavior problems(0.81±0.30, 0.70±0.26), learning problems(1.58±0.31, 0.32±0.13), psychosomatic disorders(0.22±0.25, 0.16±0.20), impulse hyperactivity(1.27±0.37, 0.71±0.18), anxiety(0.32±0.26, 0.23±0.17) and hyperactivity index(1.19±0.40, 0.79±0.22) of CPRS also decreased ( t=2.71, 21.23, 2.41, 8.87, 2.96, 6.19, all P<0.05) in atomoxetine combined with CBT group after treatment. (2) After treatment, the changes of QCD scores, attention deficit dimension in SNAP-Ⅳ scale, learning problems and impulse hyperactivity dimension in CPRS scale of the three groups before and after treatment were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (3) Post LSD comparison showed that the change in CBT group was significantly lower than that in atomoxetine group and atomoxetine combined CBT group in QCD score(both P<0.05). In the dimension of attention deficit of SNAP-Ⅳ, the difference in CBT group was significantly lower than that in atomoxetine combined CBT group ( P<0.01). In the learning problems and impulse hyperactivity dimensions of CPRS, the changes of atomoxetine combined with CBT group were significantly higher than those of atomoxetine group and CBT group (all P<0.01). Conclusion:Atomoxetine combined with CBT has better curative effect than atomoxetine or CBT alone in patients with ADHD. It can effectively improve the core symptoms and daily life function of ADHD children, and has high safety.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of molecular chaperone-mediated autophagy in hippocampal neurons and its relationship with brain injury after recurrent-status seizures.Methods:Seven-day-old SD rats were divided into two groups according to simple randomization: the control group (NS group, 6 rats) and the recurrent-seizure group (RS group, 39 rats). Rats in the RS group were subjected to recurrent seizures after repeated inhalation of flurothyl, with 30 minutes once each day for consecutive 7 days.A total of 30 convulsive models were successfully established (9 rats that failed to establish models were discarded), and they were further divided into 0 h, 1.5 h, 3 h, 12 h and 24 h after the last seizure according to simple randomization, with 6 rats in each group.Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were adopted for the observation of the expression of molecular chaperone-mediated autophagy markers [heat shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70), lysosome-associated membrane protein type 2a (LAMP-2a), heat shock protein 40(HSP40) and heat shock protein 90(HSP90)] in hip-pocampal neurons, and apoptosis was detected by TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL).Results:(1) RT-PCR and Western blot showed that, compared with the NS group, the expression of Hsc70, as a molecular chape-rone, started to increase at 1.5 h and continued until 24 h after the last seizure in the RS group ( P<0.05). HSP90 increased immediately after the last seizure and lasted until 24 h after the seizure ( P<0.01); the expression of HSP40 and LAMP-2a also showed high expression after the last seizure episode ( P<0.05). (2) The TUNEL method showed that the number of apoptotic cells in the hippocampal CA1 region increased significantly at 3 h (36.33±5.16)/40 field, 12 h (44.83±4.83)/40 field and 24 h (54.83±7.16)/40 field after the last seizure compared with NS group(15.16±2.48)/40 field ( P<0.01). (3) Pearson correlation analysis showed that the level of apoptosis in hippocampal CA1 region of rats after recurrent seizures was positively correlated with the expression of molecular chaperone marker molecules (Hsc70: r=0.734, P=0.001; LAMP2a: r=0.790, P<0.001). Conclusions:After recurrent seizures in developmental rats, the presence of increased expression of multiple molecular chaperone-mediated autophagy, which may positively correlate with apoptosis, may be involved in the process of brain injury.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of the tactile vibration feedback system on the balance and walking function of the unilateral transitional amputees with prostheses. Methods:From October, 2019 to November 2020, eleven unilateral transtibial amputees with prostheses were selected from our hospital. They performed daily activities for three hours wearing tactile vibration feedback system designed by our department. The patients were evaluated by Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA), gait analysis and outdoor 1000 meters complex road walking test before and after treatment. Results:The balance score of the POMA improved (Z = -2.264, P < 0.05), the gait score and total score of the POMA increased significantly (|t| > 6.249, P < 0.001) after treatment. Gait analysis showed that the step length of the affected side improved, the bilateral step time and double support phase shortened, and the walking speed increased (|t| > 2.250, |Z| > 2.756, P < 0.05) after installation. The outdoor 1000 meters complex road walking test showed that the total steps, energy consumption and time decreased (|t| > 2.412, |Z| > 2.045, P < 0.05). All the patients finished the trail, and no discomfort appeared. Conclusion:The tactile vibration feedback system could safely and effectively improve the balance and walking function of the unilateral transtibial amputees with prostheses.

15.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 156-164, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903792

ABSTRACT

Several types of pain occur following spinal cord injury (SCI); however, neuropathic pain (NP) is one of the most intractable. Invasive and non-invasive brain stimulation techniques have been studied in clinical trials to treat chronic NP following SCI. The evidence for invasive stimulation including motor cortex and deep brain stimulation via the use of implanted electrodes to reduce SCI-related NP remains limited, due to the small scale of existing studies. The lower risk of complications associated with non-invasive stimulation, including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), provide potentially attractive alternative central neuromodulation techniques. Compared to rTMS, tDCS is technically easier to apply, more affordable, available, and potentially feasible for home use. Accordingly, several new studies have investigated the efficacy of tDCS to treat NP after SCI. In this review, articles relating to the mechanisms, clinical efficacy and safety of tDCS on SCI-related NP were searched from inception to December 2019. Six clinical trials, including five randomized placebo-controlled trials and one prospective controlled trial, were included for evidence specific to the efficacy of tDCS for treating SCI-related NP. The mechanisms of action of tDCS are complex and not fully understood. Several factors including stimulation parameters and individual patient characteristics may affect the efficacy of tDCS intervention. Current evidence to support the efficacy of utilizing tDCS for relieving chronic NP after SCI remains limited. Further strong evidence is needed to confirm the efficacy of tDCS intervention for treating SCI-related NP.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and safety of ulnar osteochondroma resection, ulnar minimally invasive osteotomy, external fixation and ulnar lengthening in the treatment of forearm deformity of metaphyseal extension of ulna.@*METHODS@#From August 2005 to December 2013, there were 20 cases of ulnar metaphyseal sequelae, including 15 males and 5 females, aged from 7 to 13(10.00±2.34) years, the course of disease ranged for 6 to 11(8.10±1.52) months. The clinical manifestations were shortening of the affected forearm and bending to the ulnar side. The postoperative evaluation included pain, activities of daily living, orthopedic effect and the range of motion of wrist, elbow and forearm. The radiological evaluation included ulnar length, radial joint inclination angle and wrist epiphysis growth.@*RESULTS@#All patients healed without infection. The only operation related to complications was ulnar lengthening, including 1 case of nonunion, 2 cases of ulnar lengthening callus fracture and 1 case of temporary radial nerve palsy. All patients were followed up for 4 to 7.5 years, with an average of (6.03±1.33) years. There were statistically significant differences in changes of wrist radial deviation, ulnar deviation, forearm pronation and supination in all cases (@*CONCLUSION@#Ulnar lengthening is not beneficial to prevent the development of long-term deformity. Simple resection of osteochondroma of distal ulna is beneficial to prevent the development of deformity. Patients with limited rotation of wrist joint and forearm and strong demand for improvement of appearance can be actively treated.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Elbow Joint , Female , Humans , Male , Radius/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Ulna/surgery , Wrist Joint/surgery
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888147

ABSTRACT

This study explored the molecular mechanism underlying the Gegen Qinlian Decoction(GQD) promoting the differentiation of brown adipose tissue(BAT) to improve glucose and lipid metabolism disorders in diabetic rats. After the hypoglycemic effect of GQD on diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet combined with a low dose of streptozotocin was confirmed, the total RNA of rat BAT around scapula was extracted. Nuclear transcription genes Prdm16, Pparγc1α, Pparα, Pparγ and Sirt1, BAT marker genes Ucp1, Cidea and Dio2, energy expenditure gene Ampkα2 as well as BAT secretion factors Adpn, Fndc5, Angptl8, IL-6 and Rbp4 were detected by qPCR, then were analyzed by IPA software. Afterward, the total protein from rat BAT was extracted, and PRDM16, PGC1α, PPARγ, PPARα, SIRT1, ChREBP, AMPKα, UCP1, ADPN, NRG4, GLUT1 and GLUT4 were detected by Western blot. The mRNA expression levels of Pparγc1α, Pparα, Pparγ, Ucp1, Cidea, Ampkα2, Dio2, Fndc5, Rbp4 and Angptl8 were significantly increased(P<0.05) and those of Adpn and IL-6 were significantly decreased(P<0.05) in the GQD group compared with the diabetic group. In addition, Sirt1 showed a downward trend(P=0.104), whereas Prdm16 tended to be up-regulated(P=0.182) in the GQD group. IPA canonical pathway analysis and diseases-and-functions analysis suggested that GQD activated PPARα/RXRα and SIRT1 signaling pathways to promote the differentiation of BAT and reduce the excessive lipid accumulation. Moreover, the protein expression levels of PRDM16, PGC1α, PPARα, PPARγ, SIRT1, ChREBP, AMPKα, UCP1, GLUT1, GLUT4 and NRG4 were significantly decreased in the diabetic group(P<0.01), which were elevated after GQD intervention(P<0.05). Unexpectedly, the expression of ADPN protein in the diabetic group was up-regulated(P<0.01) as compared with the control group, which was down-regulated after the administration with GQD(P<0.01). This study indicated that GQD promoted BAT differentiation and maturity to increase energy consumption, which reduced the glucose and lipid metabolism disorders and thereby improved diabetes symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue, Brown , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibronectins , Glucose , Lipid Metabolism , Lipid Metabolism Disorders , Rats
18.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 428-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881527

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether Danhong injection can enhance the therapeutic effect of neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation in repairing cerebral ischemia injury by regulating the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway. Methods Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into the NSC transplantation group (NSC group), Danhong injection group (DH group), NSC+ Danhong injection group (N+D group), NSC+ Danhong injection group +ML385 group(N+D+M group) and PBS control group (PBS group), 8 rats in each group. All rat models of cerebral ischemia were established by embolization of the middle cerebral artery. Reperfusion was performed at 1.5 h after embolization. All rats in each group received corresponding interventions at 3 d after reperfusion. The neurological function score was evaluated before and 1, 2, 4 weeks after NSC transplantation. All rats were sacrificed at 4 weeks after NSC transplantation. The parameters related to oxidative stress were detected. The expression levels of neuron-specific nuclear protein (NeuN) and von Willebrand factor (vWF) were determined by immunofluorescence staining. Results Before NSC transplantation, the neurological function scores did not significantly differ among different groups (all P > 0.05). At postoperative 1, 2 and 4 weeks, the neurological function scores in the NSC, DH and N+D groups were significantly lower than those in the PBS and N+D+M groups (all P < 0.05). Compared with the PBS and N+D+M groups, the malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were significantly decreased, whereas the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) levels were considerably increased in the NSC, DH and N+D groups (all P < 0.05). The GPX level in the N+D+M group was significantly lower than that in the PBS group (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence staining showed that the transplant NSC in the rat brain migrated to the surrounding area of cerebral infarction and survived, and expressed neuronal marker NeuN and neovascularization marker vWF. However, the number of living NSC in the N+D+M group was significantly lower compared with those in the remaining groups. Conclusions Danhong injection may improve the microenvironment of stem cell transplantation, enhance the survival rate of transplant NSC and improve the therapeutic effect of NSC transplantation for cerebral ischemia injury probably by regulating the Nrf2 signaling pathway.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881045

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is a health problem to cause global concern. A lot of methods have been used to prevent and treat osteoporosis, but there is still a lack of effective treatment for osteoporosis owing to limited understanding of its mechanism. Therefore, the aim of this present study is to explore the underlying mechanism of Wuling Powder, a traditional Chinese medicine on treating osteoporosis. In this study, we firstly screened and identified the common targets between Wuling Powder and osteoporosis through the related databases, and then explored the relationships among these targets, Wuling Powder and osteoporosis by using Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and network analyses. Subsequently, the molecular docking was performed by using systemsDock to evaluate the potential binding relationships between the active components of Wuling Powder and their related targets. The results showed that in total of 14 common targets including CREBBP, ADAM17, GOT1, GAPDH, USP8, ERBB2, EEF1A1, MTOR, RAC1, ETS1, DDX58, GCK, EGF and S100A8 were screened. EGF, ERBB2, MTOR and HIF-1 were the potential therapeutic targets for osteoporosis, and they were also the related targets for predicting active components in Wuling Powder. Taken together, we concluded that Wuling Powder might be used to treat osteoporosis through above these targets.

20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 226-231, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the early interventions of traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) on the conversion time of nucleic acid in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and find possible underlying mechanisms of action.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 300 confirmed COVID-19 patients who were treated with TCM, at a designated hospital in China. The patients were categorized into three groups: TCM1, TCM2 and TCM3, who respectively received TCM interventions within 7, 8-14, and greater than 15 days of hospitalization. Different indicators such as the conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, length of hospital stay, and inflammatory markers (leukocyte count, and lymphocyte count and percentage) were analyzed to observe the impact of early TCM interventions on these groups.@*RESULTS@#The median conversion times of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid in the three groups were 5.5, 7 and 16 d (P < 0.001), with TCM1 and TCM2 being statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01). TCM1 (P < 0.05) and TCM3 (P < 0.01) were statistically different from TCM2. The median conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in the three groups were 7, 9 and 17 d (P < 0.001). Conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in TCM1 were statistically different from TCM3 and TCM2 (P < 0.01). The median lengths of hospital stay in the three groups were 13, 16 and 21 d (P < 0.001). TCM1 and TCM2 were statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01); TCM1 and TCM3 were statistically different from TCM2 (P < 0.01). Both leucocyte and lymphocyte counts increased gradually with an increase in the length of hospital stay in TCM1 group patients, with a statistically significant difference observed at each time point in the group (P < 0.001). Statistically significant differences in lymphocyte count and percentage in TCM2 (P < 0.001), and in leucocyte count (P = 0.043) and lymphocyte count (P = 0.038) in TCM3 were observed. The comparison among the three groups showed a statistically significant difference in lymphocyte percentage on the third day of admission (P = 0.044).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, it was observed that in COVID-19 patients treated with a combination of Chinese and Western medicines, TCM intervention earlier in the hospital stay correlated with faster conversion time of pharyngeal swab and fecal nucleic acid, as well as shorter length of hospital stay, thus helping promote faster recovery of the patient. The underlying mechanism of action may be related to improving inflammation in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
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