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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877558

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect between acupuncture combined with medication and simple medication on migraine and cerebral hemodynamics.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with migraine were randomized into an acupuncture plus medication group (60 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a medication group (60 cases, 6 cases dropped off). In the medication group, flunarizine hydrochloride capsule was given orally before sleep, 10 mg a day. On the basis of the treatment in the medication group, acupuncture was applied at Sizhukong (TE 23), Shuaigu (GB 8), Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Fengchi (GB 20) and etc. in the acupuncture plus medication group, 30 min each time, once a day. Treatment for 4 weeks was required in both groups. Before and after treatment, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score, indexes of cerebral hemodynamic [blood flow velocity of anterior cerebral artery (ACA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), posterior cerebral artery (PCA), vertebral artery (VA) and basilar artery (BA)] and total TCM syndrome score were observed, and the clinical therapeutic effect and the incidence of the adverse events were evaluated in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the VAS scores, the blood flow velocity of ACA, MCA, PCA, VA, BA and the total TCM syndrome scores were decreased in both groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with flunarizine hydrochloride capsule can effectively relieve the pain in patients with migraine, reduce the cerebral blood flow velocity, the efficacy is superior to simple flunarizine hydrochloride capsule.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hemodynamics , Humans , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Pain , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817643

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To prepare rapamycin(RAPA)sustained-release film and to evaluate its dissolution.【Methods】RAPA sustained- release film was created by using polymer polyactioglyconic acid (PLGA),copolymer of polyactic acid(PLA)and polyglycolic acid(PGA). Drug content of the sustained-release film was determined using specificity test,recovery,relative standard deviation(RSD)and stability test. Then,the dissolution of the sustained- release film was analyzed.【Results】The concentration of RAPA had a linear relationship with peak area,which ranged between 0.408 μg/mL and 40.8 μg/mL through the standard curve. The specificity test of the drug content determination indicated the excipient of the film and the solution with 0.3% sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS)did not affect in determining the RAPA content. The recovery and RSD were excellent through drug content determination in blank films,which had three different levels of RAPA concentrations. The mean RAPA content of the sustained-release films was(112.6±10.1)μg(RSD 8.99%)through the drug content determination of the films,and the stability of RAPA with 0.3% SDS was good within 15 days. In addition,dissolution test of the sustained- release film indicated that the amount of drug release reached a high level and sustained up to 15 days.【Conclusion】 The RAPA sustained-release film with certain behavioral characteristic parameters had a stable drug content and favorable sustained-release property,and it may have certain application potential in anti-proliferation after glaucoma filtering surgery.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the serum level of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) in elderly patients (age≥65 years) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the its predictive value in evaluatingthe risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascularevents in elderly patients with T2DM.Methods:In this retrospective study,386 elderly patients with T2DM were collected from December 2014 to December 2016, the averageage was (72.7±5.4) years old, including 269 males and 117 females; 92 of whom had cardiovascular events during follow-up, the averageage was (72.9 ± 5.2) years old, including 65 males and 27 females, and serum sdLDL-C level was detected. Meanwhile, biomarkers such as lipoprotein (a), apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein AI and hypersensitive c-reactive protein were analyzedin all the patients.Univariate and multivariate factors were used to analyze the relationship between each variable and the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. The correlation between LDL-C, sdLDL-C of all subjects with age and other lipid indexes were analyzed. ROC curve was used to determine the predictive value of sdLDL-C elevation for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in elderly patients with T2DM.Results:The levels of LDL-c, sdLDL-C, non-HDL-C, GLU, HbA1c and ApoB were significantly higher in theCardio-cerebral vascular event group ( t=3.26, 3.46, 2.91, 2.47, 4.03, 3.00, P<0.05). While the levels of apolipoprotein AI was significantly lower than those in theNon-cardio-cerebral vascular event group ( t=-2.39, P<0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that sdLDL-C per 10 mg/dl was independently correlated with the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events( HR 1.281, 95 %CI 1.225-16.032, P<0.01)after adjusted for age. SdLDL-C was positively correlated with TG, non-HDL-C and ApoB ( r=0.323, 0.588, 0.623, P<0.01) and was negativelycorrelated correlation with age, HDL-C and apolipoprotein AI ( r=-0.363, -0.301, P<0.01), ROC curve analysis showed that sdLDL-C had a strong ability to predict the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (AUC=0.736, 95 %CI 0.554 9-0.918 2, P=0.003), while HbA1c also had a strong ability to predict the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(AUC=0.725, 95 %CI 0.524 3-0.927 3, P=0.006). Combined sdLDL-C with HbA1had the strong ability to predict the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (AUC=0.837, 95 %CI 0.711 4-0.973 5, P=0.001). Conclusions:The elevation of serum sdLDL-C in elderly patients with T2DM wasa significantly independentrisk factorof cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Serum sdLDL-C had a higher clinical value than LDL-C, which was expected to be the most effective predictor of lipid profile in riak assessment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in elderly patients with T2DM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694565

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the short-term therapeutic effects of the caudal-to-crainal and medial-to-lateral approaches for laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Method The clinical data of 124 patients underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy in the department of gastrointestinal surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical Universitiy from,June 2014 to June 2016,were analyzed retrospectively. According the surgical operation, the patients were divided into two groups,caudal-to-crainal group with 48 patients,and medial-to-lateral group with 76 patients. The characteristics, opertation time, volum of blood loss during operation, the number of lymph node dissection, the rate of conversion to laparotomy,postoperative eating time, postoperative ventilation time, postoperative hospital stay time, postoperative complications of the two groups were analyzed to compare the short-term therapeutic effects. Result No significant differences were found in the sexual distinction, age, BMI,the volume blood loss during the operation, the number of lymph node dissection, the rate of conversion to laparotomy, postoperative eating time, postoperative ventilation time, postoperative hospital stay time, postoperative complications between the two groups (P>0.05).Significant differences were found in the operation time [caudal-to-crainal group vs medial-to-lateral group (123.49 ±14.19 min VS 140.57 ±25.40 min) ] and the blood loss of the operation [caudal-to-crainal group vs medial-to-lateral group (60.63±24.00 ml vs 77.24 ±36.90 ml) ]. Conclusion The caudal-to-crainal approach for laparoscopic right hemicolectomy is more simple, practicable, with less blood loss during the operation and safer, which worth being recommended in right-hemicolectom-surgery.

6.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1766-1770, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658724

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the effects of Shenge Powder (Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Gecko) on heart function in rats with heart failure by coarctation of abdominal aorta and its mechanism of action.METHODS The heart failure rats were fed with Shenge Powder [1.89 g/(kg · d)] or bisoprolol [1 mg/(kg · d)] for twelve weeks.The pathological morphology,hemodynamics,cardiographic index and effect on protein expression of PGC-1 α in sham operation group,model group,Shenge Powder group and Bisoprolol group were observed.RESULTS Compared with the model group,Shenge Powder increased ejection fraction (EF) (P < 0.05),decreased left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) (P < 0.01),improved maximal rate of left ventricular pressure development (dp/dtmax) and maximal rate of left ventricular pressure decay (dp/dtmin) (P < 0.01),reduced myocardial tissue lesions and myocardial fibrosis.There was no significant difference in PGC-1α protein expression between the Shenge Powder group and the model group.CONCLUSION Shenge Powder can improve left ventricular function in rats with heart failure,and reduce the pathological changes of myocardium tissue.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694137

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce a self-developed left atrial appendage occluder,LACBES,and to explore the clinical feasibility of using it for the occlusion of left atrial appendage (LAA).Methods Eight healthy canines were used in this experimental study.The LAA of each canine was occluded with LACBES occluder through trans-femoral vein approach.After the procedure of occlusion,the compression ratio of the occluder was calculated,the residual shunt was assessed by left atrial angiography.The left atrium pressure was monitored before and after the procedure,and the immediate effect of LAA occlusion on the left atrium pressure was statistically analyzed.Results Implantation of LACBES occluder was successfully accomplished in all the eight canines.The compression ratio of the occluders ranged from 10% to 15%.Small amount of postoperative residual shunt was detected in one canine.After occlusion two canines died of procedure-related complications,including shifting of occluder and formation of hematoma at puncturing site.No device-associated death occurred.After occlusion,the left atrial systolic pressure increased instantly,which went up from preoperative (25.4±2.8) mmHg to postoperative (27.5±3.4) mmHg (P<0.05),but it returned to the baseline of (25.4±2.8) mmHg within 15 minutes.Conclusion For the occlusion of LAA,the use of LACBES occluder carries higher instant success rate and lower residual shunt rate with less device-associated complications,although the left atrial systolic pressure has a transient rising immediately after the occlusion.Therefore,it is expected that LACBES will be able to be applied in clinical practice.

8.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1766-1770, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661643

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the effects of Shenge Powder (Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Gecko) on heart function in rats with heart failure by coarctation of abdominal aorta and its mechanism of action.METHODS The heart failure rats were fed with Shenge Powder [1.89 g/(kg · d)] or bisoprolol [1 mg/(kg · d)] for twelve weeks.The pathological morphology,hemodynamics,cardiographic index and effect on protein expression of PGC-1 α in sham operation group,model group,Shenge Powder group and Bisoprolol group were observed.RESULTS Compared with the model group,Shenge Powder increased ejection fraction (EF) (P < 0.05),decreased left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) (P < 0.01),improved maximal rate of left ventricular pressure development (dp/dtmax) and maximal rate of left ventricular pressure decay (dp/dtmin) (P < 0.01),reduced myocardial tissue lesions and myocardial fibrosis.There was no significant difference in PGC-1α protein expression between the Shenge Powder group and the model group.CONCLUSION Shenge Powder can improve left ventricular function in rats with heart failure,and reduce the pathological changes of myocardium tissue.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838818

ABSTRACT

Valproate is commonly used as a first-line broad-spectrum anti-epileptic drug. Valproate has a narrow therapeutic window, its metabolism is affected by many factors, and it has great individual differences, which makes individualized drug dosage regime needed for valproate. Population pharmacokinetics: is a population analytical method developed in recent years. This paper reviewed the in viva metabolic process and the population pharmacokinetics of valproate in recent years, and analyzed the factors that may affect the metabolism of valproate, including demographic factors, genetic factors and concomitant medications, hoping to provide reference for clinical individualized drug dosage regime.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327826

ABSTRACT

Recently, compound Ejiao slurry (FFEJJ) had been applied to treat cancer patients in clinic, with obvious curative effect. In this study, data and literatures were collected from the TCM chemical component database to establish the chemical component database of FFEJJ. Afterwards, MetaDrug software was used to predict the targets of FFEJJ and obtain the compound-target network. Next, the compound-target network was compared and analyzed to obtain the "compound-target-tumor target" heterogeneous network. Besides, further analysis was made on gene functions and metabolic pathway. The results indicated that FFEJJ could directly resist tumors by regulating cancer cell differentiation, growth, proliferation and apoptosis, and show an adjuvant therapeutic effect by enriching the blood and increasing the immunity.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Gene Regulatory Networks , Humans , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289810

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate workers' willingness to participate and wiliness to pay for a hypothetical industrial injury insurance scheme, to analyze the influential factors, and to provide information for policy making of the government.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Multistage cluster sampling was used to select subjects: In the first stage, 9 small, medium, orlarge enterprises were selected fromthree cities (counties) in Zhejiang province, China, according to the level of economic development, transportation convenience, and cooperation of government agencies; in the second stage, several workshops were randomly selected from each of the 9 enterprises. Face-to-face interviews among all workers in the workshops were conducted by trained interviewers using a pre-designed questionnaire.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was found that 73.87% (2095) of all workers were willing to participate in the hypothetical work injury insurance scheme and to pay 2.21% of monthly wage (51.77 yuan) on average, and more than half of the workers were willing to pay less than 1%of monthly wage (35 yuan). Of the 741 workers who were not willing to participate, 327 thought that the premium should be borne by the state or enterprises, instead of individuals, and others were not willing to participate because of low income, unstable job, or poor understanding of the hypothetical industrial injury insurance scheme. Logistic regression analysis showed that workers with higher education levels, longer length of services, longer weekly working time, or more knowledge of occupational diseases showed higher willingness to participate in the scheme; workers who were exposed to physical hazards, had health records, or had participated in the existing medical insurance or industrial injury insurance were more willing to participate. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that with increasing average monthly wage, weekly working time, and self?health evaluation, the proportion of workers with willingness to pay increased; however, with increasing work intensity and awareness of occupational disease, the proportion of workers with willingness to pay decreased. The workers who were not covered by the industrial injury insurance paid more than those covered by the industrial injury insurance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The hypothetical industrial injury insurance scheme increased the applicability and advantage of independent third-party running and lifetime insurance, which significantly increased the workers' willingness to participate in or to pay for the insurance scheme. Therefore, the industrial injury insurance can be improved in these aspects to promote workers' willingness to participate in and to pay for the insurance scheme. This conclusion provided a reference for the solution of delayed or shirking corporate responsibility for paying the premium.</p>


Subject(s)
Accidents, Occupational , Economics , Attitude to Health , China , Cluster Analysis , Financing, Personal , Health Policy , Humans , Insurance , Insurance, Health , Economics , Models, Theoretical , Occupational Diseases , Economics , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289763

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In China, the coverage rate of work injury insurance was 23.2%in 2011, which was far lower than expected. The factors affecting the insurance's enrollment has very little known. This paper aims to study the existing coverage of work injury insurance scheme and its influencing factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data were collected from 2 836 workers who came from 9 industries in three cities of Zhejiang province using face-to-face questionnaire interview.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of these 2836 workers, the work injury insurance coverage was 50.1%, and 29.6% were not sure if they were covered or not. The results showed that the awareness of occupational disease and industrial injury insurance was helpful in increasing the coverage rate. Besides, the logistic regression analysis showed that in certain circumstances working population shared higher coverage of work injury insurance. For examples, male workers with local household registration and longer working years; people who had been informed about occupational risk factors, and thus gained more training on the issue; people who had exposed to occupational hazards or involved in administrative duties; and people who had already insured by a medical insurance scheme. In the contrary, the heavier family burden with longer working hours per week they needed, the lower possibility they joined the insurance scheme.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The coverage of work injury insurance is higher than native average level but much lower than the average international level. The awareness of occupational disease and injury insurance was closely associated with the coverage of work injury insurance. Therefore, it is imperative to popularize the knowledge on OHS for migrant workers, as well as to reinforce the supervision and management of the issue would have been an effective way to elevate the coverage rate of work injury insurance.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Cities , Health Services Needs and Demand , Humans , Insurance Coverage , Male , Occupational Diseases , Surveys and Questionnaires , Transients and Migrants
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286586

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore an optimal model of hypothetical work injury insurance scheme, which is in line with the wishes of workers, based on the problems in the implementation of work injury insurance in China and to provide useful information for relevant policy makers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Multistage cluster sampling was used to select subjects: first, 9 small, medium, and large enterprises were selected from three cities (counties) in Zhejiang Province, China according to the economic development, transportation, and cooperation; then, 31 workshops were randomly selected from the 9 enterprises. Face-to-face interviews were conducted by trained interviewers using a pre-designed questionnaire among all workers in the 31 workshops.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After optimization of hypothetical work injury insurance scheme, the willingness to participate in the scheme increased from 73.87%to 80.96%; the average willingness to pay for the scheme increased from 2.21% (51.77 yuan) to 2.38% of monthly wage (54.93 Yuan); the median willingness to pay for the scheme increased from 1% to 1.2% of monthly wage, but decreased from 35 yuan to 30 yuan. The optimal model of hypothetical work injury insurance scheme covers all national and provincial statutory occupational diseases and work accidents, as well as consultations about occupational diseases. The scheme is supposed to be implemented worldwide by the National Social Security Department, without regional differences. The premium is borne by the state, enterprises, and individuals, and an independent insurance fund is kept in the lifetime personal account for each of insured individuals. The premium is not refunded in any event. Compensation for occupational diseases or work accidents is unrelated to the enterprises of the insured workers but related to the length of insurance. The insurance becomes effective one year after enrollment, while it is put into effect immediately after the occupational disease or accident occurs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The optimal model of hypothetical work injury insurance scheme actually realizes cross-regional mobility of workers, minimizes regional differences, and embodies the fairness. The proposed model will, to some extent, protect the rights and interests of enterprises, as well as the healthy rights and interests of workers when they are unemployed.</p>


Subject(s)
Accidents, Occupational , Economics , China , Insurance, Health , Models, Theoretical , Occupational Diseases , Economics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338000

ABSTRACT

A wide range of pharmacological and clinical studies have been made on compound Ejiao Jiang in enriching blood, enhancing white blood cell, adjuvant chemotherapy, et al. By reference to relevant documents, this study summarizes current researches on compound Ejiao Jiang in terms of pharmacological and clinical application, providing literature basis for further studies on compound Ejiao Jiang.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Circulation , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 803-807, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288101

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the reliability and validity on SF-36 scale and the quality of life (QoL) among patients with advanced-schistosomiasis in Jiangsu province.Methods Cluster sampling method was used to choose 586 advanced-schistosomiasis patients who were registered in Jiangsu province.Questionnaire including SF-36 module,was used for face to face interview on the patients.Statistical analyses were made to assess the results,including correlation analysis,reliability analysis,factor analysis,t-test and one-way ANOVA.Results The split-half reliability coefficient was 0.92,P<0.001 and the internal consistency reliability was 0.90,with the range of Cronbach' α coefficient on each dimension was from 0.69 to 0.98.Through principal component analysis,two factors were identified,with the accumulative contribution rate as 67.37%.SF-36 showed certain discriminant validity to distinguish groups in different economic levels.Compared with the domestic norm data,the scores of SF-36 on those patients were generally lows.Conclusion SF-36 had good reliability and good criterion validity,with a certain degree of discriminant validity,but with poor constructs validity.Level of QoL of patients with advanced schistosomiasis in Jiangsu was low because of being chronically ill,that called for more strategies to improve the QoL of patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250233

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the presence of bacterial biofilms (BF) in patients with CRS and the effect of BF on clinical symptoms and postoperative outcomes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-two patients with chronic sinusitis were enrolled in this study. The control group included 15 patients with deviation of the nasal septum and 10 patients had a fracture of the nasal bone. Mucosa of the uncinate process or ethmoid near the ostium of the maxillary sinus was obtained during endoscopic sinus surgery. The specimens were subjected to scanning electron microscopy. Patients were followed for 1 year and observed by the Lund-Kennedy endoscopy, and the Haikou standard classification (ESS-1997). Statistical analysis was performed by t-test or chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three patients were lost to follow-up. The scanning electron microscopy analysis showed bacterial biofilms in 49 of the 69 patients with chronic sinusitis. A marked destruction of the epithelium and cilia was observed in samples positive for bacterial biofilms. No bacterial biofilms were detected in the control group, and scanning electron microscopy showed normal epithelium and cilia in those specimens. There was no significant difference in gender, classification or duration of disease between the BF(-) and BF(+) groups. At six months and one year postoperative, the Lund-Kennedy endoscopy scores for CRS patients with BF (4.78 +/- 1.67; 4.55 +/- 1.61) were significantly higher than those without BF (3.65 +/- 1.39; 3.65 +/- 1.18) (t = -2.654, P < 0.01; t = -2.264, P < 0.05). Based on the Haikou standard classification, there was a significantly difference between patients with BF and those without BF (chi2 = 18.014, 22.063, P < 0.001, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Different life stages of bacterial biofilms were demonstrated to be present in CRS. Gender, classification or duration of disease did not affect the presence of bacterial biofilms in patients with CRS. There is a correlation between bacterial biofilms and an unfavorable outcome in patients with CRS after ESS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Biofilms , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Middle Aged , Nasal Mucosa , Microbiology , Nasal Polyps , Microbiology , Rhinitis , Microbiology , Sinusitis , Microbiology , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 265-269, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390281

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the protective effect of olfactory ensheathing cell(OEC)Schwann cell(SC)-extracellular matrix(ECM)-poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide acid)(PLGA)bridging complex on peripheral target organ and spinal cord neurons after rat sciatic nerve defect.Methods A 15 mm right sciatic nerve defect model was established in SD rats and repaired with OEC-SC-ECM-PLGA bridging complex that contained OEC,SC,ECM and self-made PLGA conduit.At the same time,the study set OEC-ECM-PLGA group,SC-ECM-PLGA group,ECM-PLGA group,PLGA group and nerve autograft control group.At 1,3,6 and 9 weeks after surgery,the gastrocnemius muscle water weight test and motor end-plate test were performed.At the 9th week after surgery,CM-DiI and horseradish peroxidase(HRP)retrograde tracing were performed.Results The gastrocnemius muscle water weight and number of motor end-plate were decreased in all groups after surgery but gradually increased after three weeks except for ECM-PLGA group and PLGA group.At the 9th week,OEC-SC-ECM-PLGA group showed no statistical differences with nerve autograft group in aspects of gastrocnemius muscle water weight,number of motor end-plate and length of motor end-plate major axis(P > 0.05).At the 9th week,CM-DiI and HRP retrograde tracing found that the number of positive neurons in spinal cord in OEC-SC-ECM-PLGA group showed no statistical differences compared with nerve autograft group(P >0.05).Conclusions OEC-SC-ECM-PLGA bridging complex can partially protect peripheral target organ and spinal cord neurons after rat sciatic nerve defect.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1335-1337, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332365

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of RHCE genotyping of Xinjiang Uygur nationality population in China. Primers for detecting RHCE genes were designed according to the references, 89 Uygur nationality RhD-negative samples, 233 Han nationality RhD-negative samples and 109 Han nationality RhD-positive samples were detected by sequence-specific primer-polymerase chain reaction (SSP-PCR) for RHCE genotyping. All above-mentioned samples were unrelated. The results indicated that RHE/e genotyping results were consistent with the serological test results in the samples of Uygur and Han nationality, regardless of the RhD-negative samples or the RhD-positive samples. The RHC/c genotyping results from 89 RhD-negative samples of Uygur nationality were consistent with serological test results. However, total error of RHC/c genotyping from 233 RhD-negative and 109 RhD-positive samples of Han nationality was 5.05%. In conclusion, this method of RHCE genotyping is suitable for the analysis of the RHE/e genotyping of Uygur nationality, no erroneous RHC/c genotyping of Uygur nationality was found in this study, but this method needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , China , Ethnic Groups , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 11-15, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the safety and efficacy of nilotinib in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients with resistance or intolerance to imatinib.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five CML patients after imatinib failure or intolerance received oral administration of 400 mg nilotinib twice daily. The overall survival, hematologic and cytogenetic responses, as well as adverse events were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median duration of nilotinib therapy was 11 (1 - 23) months, with a median follow-up of 19 months. Nonhematologic adverse events were mostly of grade 1-2. The most common ones possibly related to nilotinib were increase of bilirubin (76%) and rash (46%). Grade 3-4 hematologic adverse events includes thrombocytopenia (37%), neutropenia (26%) and anemia (26%). Nilotinib was proved to be well-tolerated in this study. Grade 3-4 hematologic adverse events happened more frequently in advanced phase CML. The rate of major cytogenetic response in chronic phase (CP) CML was much higher than those in advanced CML (38.5% vs 22.2%). The median time to major cytogenetic response was 3 months. The estimated overall survival at 18 months was (93.5 +/- 1.0)%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Nilotinib is a more effective and safe treatment option for imatinib-resistant or -intolerant CML-CP patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Benzamides , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Drug Therapy , Piperazines , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 321-325, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341225

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect (pmVSD) with modified double-disk occluder device (MDVO).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data including clinical examination, electrocardiography daily after the procedure for a week, chest-X-rays and TTE before discharge and at 3-5 days after the procedure were analyzed from 604 patients underwent percutaneous closure of a pmVSD with MDVO at our department between December 2001 and December 2008.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Procedure was successful in 576 out of 604 patients (95.4%) and 583 VSD occluders were placed. Endocarditis, thromboembolism, or deaths were not observed after procedure. Conduction block occurred in 81 patients (56 RBBB, 14 LBBB) and transient nonparoxysmal ventricular tachycardia in 31 patients after the procedure. Complete heart block occurred in 11 patients, 9 of them recovered in 3 weeks, permanent pacemaker was implanted in 2 patients (one had transient III degrees AVB before the procedure, the other underwent simultaneous closure of ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect). Trivial/small residual shunts were found in 69 patients (12.0%). The residual shunts disappeared in 31 patients and remained unchanged in 38 patients (6.6%) 7 days after procedures. Aortic regurgitation developed in 5 patients (2 trivial/small, 3 small/moderate), and tricuspid regurgitation was present in 35 patients (32 trivial/small, 3 moderate). Five patients developed haemolysis (device retrieved via catheter in 1 patient due to persistent haemolysis, the other 4 patients recovered 3-14 days post procedure). Pseudoaneurysm of femoral artery occurred in 1 patient, and disappeared by pressure dressing. Device was successfully replaced in 2 patients with either device embolization (n = 1) or device misplacement (n = 1) after device retrieval by catheter.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is safe and effective to close congenital perimembranous ventricular septal defect with domestic-made occluder device.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Balloon Occlusion , Cardiac Catheterization , Child , Child, Preschool , Echocardiography , Female , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Therapeutics , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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