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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921815

ABSTRACT

Ophiopogonis Radix is an important Yin-nourishing drug in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), with the effects of nourishing Yin, promoting fluid production, clearing away heart-fire, and relieving restlessness. It is widely used in clinical practice due to its multiple chemical components and pharmacological effects. The technique "mapping knowledge domains" is an effective tool to quantitatively and objectively visualize the development frontiers and trends of certain disciplines. In this study, TCM research papers related to Ophiopogonis Radix were retrieved from Web of Science(WoS) and CNKI, and the research institutions, journals, and keywords involved were visualized and analyzed using the scientometric software CiteSpace. The co-occurrence network of related research on Ophiopogonis Radix was constructed, and the Ophiopogonis Radix-disease-target network was plotted using Cytoscape 3.8.2. The hot topics in Chinese and English papers were analyzed and the shortcomings in the research on Ophiopogonis Radix were summed up. Furthermore, the development trends were discussed. A total of 1 403 Chinese papers and 292 English papers were included in this study. The analysis of research institutions showed that Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and China Pharmaceutical University were the two research institutions with the largest numbers of papers published. The analysis of journals showed that Hebei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Journal of Asian Natural Products Research were the two journals with the highest numbers of papers concerning Ophiopogonis Radix. The keyword analysis showed that the research contents of Chinese papers focused on the analysis of medication regularity and clinical observation trials, while the English papers focused on component analysis and pharmacological investigation. Data mining and apoptosis-based pharmacological mechanism might be the research trends in the future.


Subject(s)
China , Data Mining , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Publications
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921716

ABSTRACT

The disease-gene-drug multi-level network constructed by network pharmacology can predict drug targets and has been widely used in the study of material basis and mechanism of action of Chinese medicinal prescriptions. However, most of the current studies have normalized the efficacies of Chinese herbal medicines in the compounds during the construction of the network. There is also a lack of in-depth exploration of the mechanism of synergy among multiple components. This study proposed a network module partition method based on group collaboration and the pharmacological network was weighed according to the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory of "monarch, minister, assistant and guide". Taking the Tanyu Tongzhi Prescription as an example, we constructed its pharmacological network for the treatment of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The group collaboration module in the network was identified and the network changes before and after the weighting were compared based on the network topology analysis to explore a new method to find the core nodes of the network as well as the core drugs that affected the efficacy of the compounds. The results showed that the module partition method based on group collaboration could be used to identify and partition group collaboration mo-dules in pharmacological networks of compounds. The proposed weighted network based on the TCM theory of "monarch, minister, assistant, and guide" could identify and partition the modules based on the characteristics of the pharmacological network. The identification and partition results of modules of Tanyu Tongzhi Prescription in the weighted network were superior to those in the unweighted network. The weighted closeness centrality(WCC) evaluation method was conducive to finding key nodes and relations in the network as compared with traditional methods, thereby providing a basis for analyzing the core components of drugs and extracting more accurate drug components and targets.


Subject(s)
Clergy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879100

ABSTRACT

Indication and functions is an important key information in the research and development of the ancient classical formulas, which directly affects the clinical positioning of the compound formulas and their reasonable, effective and safe use after marke-ting. It is also the embodiment of the ultimate vitality of ancient classical formulas. Due to the particularity of ancient classical formulas, it is of great significance to accurately define and describe the functions and indications of classical formulas to exert their unqiue advantages. Based on the analysis of the provenances, classification of clinical indications, and functions of 100 prescriptions in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Formulas(First Batch), this paper summarized the incompleteness, irregularity and inconsistency in the original text, the differences in terminology between ancient and modern times, and the evolution of the meanings of prescriptions in different dynasties. In addition, under the guidance of the general principle of textual researh on ancient classical formulas, which is to inherit the essence, make the past serve the present, link up the past and the present, and bulid consensus, this paper proposed the following ideas: respecting the original meanings and provenances of ancient classical formulas, taking full consideration of the development and evolution, serving the current clinical application and health needs, accurately linking up the ancient and modern terminologies, standardizing the expression of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) terminology, highlighting the characteristics of TCM, attaching importance to the textual research principles and suggestions of post-marketing evidence-based and clinical positioning research, so as to determine the the functions and indications of the ancient classical formulas in a scientific, standardized and reasonable way and better guide the clinical application of the classical formulas.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oils, Volatile , Prescriptions
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873045

ABSTRACT

Qingfei Paidu decoction has a remarkable clinical effect, which has been recommended by the Diagnosis and Treatment Plan of Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia (Trial Sixth Edition) of the National Health Commission and National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine. In this paper, the authors intend to explore the pathogenesis of cold pestilence of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) and composition mechanism of Qingfei Paidu decoction, and believe that this formula can be used to relieve internal and external pressure and regulate triple energizer with the functions of promoting lung Qi, dispelling evil and detoxification, moistening and dampening, and purging heat by removing water. This formula is suitable for the pathogenesis of COVID-19, including cold, dryness and dampness, and can effectively treat symptoms. Therefore, it should be widely used throughout the country to contain the spread of the epidemic.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801823

ABSTRACT

Textual research is the first step, ensuring the safety and effectiveness of the clinical application, and also one of the main bases for determining the research scheme and experimental parameters in the development of famous classical formulas. It involves the origin and historical evolution of the prescription, the main function, the meaning of the prescription, the decoction method, as well as the original part, origin, dosage, processing method of the medicinal materials in the prescription. In view of these points, the author believes that the ancient and modern literature information should be comprehensively and accurately collected according to the standardized procedures and methods, combined with the historical continuation and cross-sectional analysis, in order to ensure the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) famous classical formulas. The research and development plan of famous classical formulas was formulated from the perspectives of TCM theoretical characteristics, formula historical evolution, modern clinical value and practical feasibility. Under the premise of "compliance with the ancients", we should understand the common problems in the process of research and development, such as the origin, processing, dosage and decoction of TCM from the perspective of history and development, so as to widely gather the industry consensus and jointly explore the precious treasure of the famous classical formulas.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707100

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of acupuncture combined with lifestyle modification for essential hypertension by Meta-analysis. Methods Clinical randomized controlled trial literature about acupuncture combined with lifestyle modification for essential hypertension in CNKI, WanFang Data, CBM, VIP, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science since establishment to February 20, 2017 were retrieved. Data extraction and quality assessment of studies were conducted by two researchers independently, and the Meta-analysis was performed by the software of RevMan5.3. Results 5 articles involving 467 patients were included. The results of Meta-analysis showed that acupuncture combined with lifestyle modification had more significant effect than lifestyle modification alone in lowing SBP [SMD=-1.52(-2.40,-0.64)], in lowing DBP [SMD=-1.02(-2.01,-0.03)], total effective rates [RR=1.27(1.13, 1.43)]. Conclusion Compared with lifestyle modification alone, acupuncture combined with lifestyle modification have significant effects for patients with essential hypertension, but because of the fewer studies included, bigger heterogeneity between studies and the lower quality of included studies still exist, the results should be further verified, and clinical applications should be treated with caution.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318683

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of Tanyu Tongzhi (TYTZ) recipe on chemorheology, blood lipid and inflammatory factors of hyperlipidemia and myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Sixty SD male rats were divided into 5 groups randomly, sham-operated group, model group, high dose group of reproduced by ligation of left descending artery for 30 min followed by releasing the TYTZ and low group of TYTZ. The model of MI/RI injury of the myocardium was ligation for 2 hours in rats. Serum contents of CHO, TG, HDL-L, LDL-L and whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity and ICAM-1, TNF-alpha, IL-10 were measured after myocardial reperfusion injury.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with sham-operated group, the levels of CHO, TG, LDL-L, whole blood viscosity (1.0,3.0) plasma viscosity and the contents of ICAM-1 were significantly higher, however, HDL-L, IL-10 levels were lower in model group (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05). CHO, TG, whole blood viscosity (1.0, 3.0, 30) and expression of ICAM-1, TNF-alpha were obviously lower in low group than the model group (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The TYTZ recipe can relieve reperfusion injury through regulating blood lipid, improving hemorheological characteristic and inhibiting inflammatory reaction.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Proteins , Metabolism , Blood Viscosity , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Heart , Hemorheology , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Inflammation , Blood , Lipids , Blood , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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